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Xu Yongqian - - 2013
The first "off-on" and ratiometric fluorescent method based on ICT mechanism for picric acid (PA) recognition in the near infrared region was constructed. Key advantages of the unique molecular architecture can fulfil the ratiometric response to electron-deficient featured PA which inclines to quench fluorescence of all reported sensors for PA.
Miriagou V - - 2013
Klebsiella pneumoniae strains co-producing klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) and verona integron-encoded metallo-beta-lactamase (VIM) are frequently isolated in Greece and have also occurred in other European countries. Conventional combined disc tests exhibit low sensitivity against these emerging pathogens. We have evaluated modifications of the KPC/Metallo-β-Lactamase Confirmation kit (ROSCO) exhibiting high diagnostic ...
Kitamatsu Mizuki - - 2013
In this report, we describe dendritic peptides possessing central fluorescent amino acids with adjacent branched amino acids. These fluorescent-peptide dendrimers were prepared using (9-fluorenyl)methoxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-based solid-phase peptide synthesis and Fmoc-derivative fluorescent and branched amino acids. The branched amino acids featured multiple carboxylic acids in their side chains, making the fluorescent-peptide ...
Joshi Mohan - - 2013
Nutritional anaemia in India is common morbidity seen in late adolescent and young female population. There are many conflicting opinions regarding dosage of iron folic acid supplementation for managing this simple nutritional deficiency disorder. Hence, this 'Randomized Controlled Trial' was undertaken in adolescent girls suffering from Iron Deficiency Anaemia visiting ...
Wei Dong - - 2013
Klebsiella pneumoniae CGMCC 1.6366 is a bacterium isolated for 1,3-propanediol or 2,3-butanediol production previously. K. pneumoniae ΔbudA, a 2,3-butanediol synthesis pathway truncated mutant with the gene deletion of budA which encodes alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase, was found to execrate an unknown chemical at a high titer when grown in the broth using ...
Amin Rehab - - 2013
Boronic acid-based fluorescent sensor is one of the non-enzymatic methods used for the recognition of saccharides. Since bacterial membrane has polysaccharides with diol groups, boronic acids probe could be applied for rapid bacterial recognition. Escherichia coli (XL-1 blue) were recognized by applying (3-(5-(dimethylamino) naphthalene-1-sulfonamide) phenyl) boronic acid (DNSBA) as a ...
Georgakouli Kalliopi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of α-lipoic acid (LA) supplementation on blood redox status in individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Eight adults with G6PD deficiency (D group) and eight controls with normal G6PD levels (N group) participated in this study. Participants received LA (600 ...
Liu Shi-Rong - - 2013
A BODIPY-based fluorescent probe, HCSe, has been successfully developed for the rapid detection of hypochlorous acid based on the specific HOCl-promoted oxidation of diphenyl selenide in response to the amount of HOCl. Confocal fluorescence microscopy imaging using RAW264.7 cells showed that the new probe HCSe could be used as an ...
Kwon Yun Ju - - 2013
In the continued search for inhibitors of enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase, we found that four acylbenzenediol sulfate metabolites from Streptomyces sp. AN1761 potently inhibited bacterial enoyl-ACP reductases of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Their structures were identified as panosialins A, B, wA, and wB by MS and ...
Jiang Jun - - 2013
A highly enantioselective trapping of protic phosphoramidate ammonium ylides with α-imino esters is reported. The intriguing Rh(2)(OAc)(4) and chiral Brønsted acid co-catalyzed three-component Mannich-type reaction of a diazo compound, a phosphoramidate, and an α-imino ester provides a rapid and efficient access to 2,3-diaminosuccinic acid derivatives with a high level control ...
Casado M E - - 2013
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is a key enzyme in the mobilization of fatty acids from intracellular stores. In mice, HSL deficiency results in male sterility caused by a major defect in spermatogenesis. The testes contain high concentrations of PUFA and specific PUFA are essential for spermatogenesis. We investigated the fatty acid ...
Violante Sara - - 2013
Acylcarnitines are commonly used in the diagnosis of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation disorders (mFAODs). It is generally assumed that this plasma acylcarnitine profile reflects the mitochondrial accumulation of acyl-CoAs. The identity of the enzymes and the mitochondrial and plasmalemmal transporters involved in the synthesis and export of these metabolites have ...
Hicks Katherine A KA Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
HpxO is a flavin-dependent urate oxidase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of uric acid to 5-hydroxyisourate and functions in a novel pathway for purine catabolism found in Klebsiella pneumoniae. We have determined the structures of HpxO with and without uric acid at 2.0 and 2.2 Å, respectively. We have also determined ...
van de Hoef Diana L - - 2013
Malaria is characterized by cyclical fevers and high levels of inflammation, and while an early inflammatory response contributes to parasite clearance, excessive and persistent inflammation can lead to severe forms of the disease. Here, we show that Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes contain uric acid precipitates in the cytoplasm of the parasitophorous ...
Koréissi-Dembélé Yara - - 2013
Low iron and high phytic acid content make fonio based meals a poor source of bioavailable iron. Phytic acid degradation in fonio porridge using whole grain cereals as phytase source and effect on iron bioavailability when added to iron fortified fonio meals were investigated. Grains, nuts and seeds collected in ...
Sin Yuan Yan - - 2013
Arginase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a loss of the liver arginase isoform, arginase 1 (ARG1), which is the final step in the urea cycle for detoxifying ammonia. ARG1 deficiency leads to hyperargininemia, characterized by progressive neurological impairment, persistent growth retardation and infrequent episodes of hyperammonemia. ...
Clementi Emily A - - 2013
HAMLET and ELOA are complexes consisting of oleic acid and two homologous, yet functionally different, proteins with cytotoxic activities against mammalian cells, with HAMLET showing higher tumor cells specificity, possibly due to the difference in propensity for oleic acid binding, as HAMLET binds 5-8 oleic acid molecules per protein molecule ...
Partearroyo Teresa - - 2013
Different vitamin B12 and folic acid concentrations could exacerbate the immune response. The aim was to evaluate different dietary folic acid and vitamin B12 levels on the immune response in aged rats. Male Sprague Dawley aged rats were assigned to three folic acid groups (deficient, control, supplemented) each in absence ...
Shibata Katsumi K Department of Nutrition, School of Human Cultures, The University of Shiga - - 2013
Pantothenic acid (PaA) is involved in the metabolism of amino acids as well as fatty acid. We investigated the systemic metabolism of amino acids in PaA-deficient rats. For this purpose, urine samples were collected and 2-oxo acids and l-tryptophan (l-Trp) and its metabolites including nicotinamide were measured. Group 1 was ...
Agrawal Karan - - 2012
The leaves of Acer rubrum (red maple), especially when wilted in the fall, cause severe oxidative damage to equine erythrocytes, leading to potentially fatal methemoglobinemia and hemolytic anemia. Gallic acid and tannins from A. rubrum leaves have been implicated as the toxic compounds responsible for red maple toxicosis, but the ...
Xiao Yan - - 2012
To understand the mechanism of lipid accumulation and the corresponding metabolic changes of the microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica IMET1, the lipid content, fatty acid composition and metabolic profile were investigated via batch culture under nutrient deficiency and chemostatic culture under nitrate limitation. The results indicated that the triacylglycerol-neutral lipids were significantly ...
Mudianta I Wayan - - 2012
Twenty-one new psammaplysin derivatives (4-24) exhibiting a variety of side chains, as well as six previously known psammaplysins, were identified from the Indonesian marine sponge Aplysinella strongylata. The double bond on the side chain of the fatty acid-containing psammaplysins was located by GC-MS analysis of the fatty acid methyl esters ...
Clayton Leigh Ann - - 2012
Mycobacterium abscessus pneumonia was diagnosed antemortem in a 23-yr-old male Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Clinical signs included lethargy, hyporexia, coughing, and bloody respiratory discharge. Diagnostic findings included neutrophilic leukocytosis, anemia, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and repeated forceful exhaled breath (sputum) cytology, with acute inflammatory cells and acid-fast positive beaded ...
Mizuno Yusuke - - 2012
The influence of sulfur deficiency on biomass production was analyzed in the four Chlorellaceae species, Chlorella vulgaris, Chlorella sorokiniana, Chlorella lobophora, and Parachlorella kessleri. Culturing under sulfur-deficient conditions promoted transient accumulation of starch followed by a steady increase in lipid storage. Transmission electron microscopy indicated an increase and decrease in ...
Purevsuren Jamiyan - - 2012
Mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) disorders are caused by defects in one of the FAO enzymes that regulates cellular uptake of fatty acids and free carnitine. An in vitro probe acylcarnitine (IVP) assay using cultured cells and tandem mass spectrometry is a tool to diagnose enzyme defects linked to most ...
Huang Yanna - - 2012
Fed-batch cultures of Klebsiella pneumoniae expressing Escherichia coli aldH were performed under microaerobic conditions to investigate the effects on metabolites production. Increasing the aeration rate enhanced cell growth and 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) production, but reduced 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) formation. The recombinant strain K. pneumoniae/pUC18kan-aldHec produced 48.9g/L of 3-HP and 25.3g/L of ...
Lee Changwon C Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry & Microbiology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, - - 2013
Sialic acid reduced and stabilized gold nanoparticles (d=20.1±1.8 nm) were synthesized by a simple one-pot, green method without chemically modifying sialic acid for colorimetric detection of influenza virus. The gold nanoparticles showed target-specific aggregation with viral particles via hemagglutinin-sialic acid binding. A linear correlation was observed between the change in ...
Kumar Vimal - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To compare level of homocysteine, vitamin B12 and folic acid before and after 6 months of carbamazepine therapy and to correlate them with carbamazepine level at 6 months. DESIGN- Prospective comparative study. SETTING-Tertiary care centre in North India. PARTICIPANTS- 51 children (2-12 years of age) presenting with motor partial ...
Salama W - - 2012
Peritidal ferruginous microbialites form the main bulk of the Middle Eocene ironstone deposits of the Bahariya Depression, Western Desert, Egypt. They include ferruginous stromatolites and microbially coated grains (ferruginous oncoids and ooids). Their internal structures reveal repeated cycles of microbial and Fe oxyhydroxide laminae. The microbial laminae consist of fossilised ...
Wang Jian - - 2012
A novel iron-mediated direct C-H arylation of quinones and pyridine analogues with arylboronic acids has been developed using dichloromethane and water as solvents at ambient temperature. FeS is employed and serves as an efficient catalyst. A detailed reaction mechanism is speculated and expounded.
Babbitt Shalon E SE Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2012
The human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is auxotrophic for most amino acids. Its amino acid needs are met largely through the degradation of host erythrocyte hemoglobin; however the parasite must acquire isoleucine exogenously, because this amino acid is not present in adult human hemoglobin. We report that when isoleucine is ...
Luo Yueting - - 2012
A novel cascade cyclization of ethyl glyoxalate and amines proceeds in the presence of Pd(TFA)(2) (5 mol %) to give the cyclic dehydro-α-amino acid derivatives. This method provides a fast and simple access to highly substituted dihydro-pyrrol-2-ones in good yields.
Finner Andreas M - - 2013
Hair follicle cells have a high turnover. A caloric deprivation or deficiency of several components, such as proteins, minerals, essential fatty acids, and vitamins, caused by inborn errors or reduced uptake, can lead to structural abnormalities, pigmentation changes, or hair loss, although exact data are often lacking. The diagnosis is ...
Cortés Edwar - - 2012
An efficient solid-phase protocol for the rapid generation of libraries of biologically promising 1,2,4-benzotriazines, including amino acid-derived components, is described.
Dhanani Jatin V JV Department of Pharmacology, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, - - 2012
To compare the efficacy and safety with a fixed dose of two parenteral iron preparations, iron sucrose complex and iron sorbitol citric acid as per the current practice. A prospective randomized open label study was conducted. In this study, 60 pregnant women with hemoglobin less than 8.5 g/dl received a ...
Matsuoka Yuuta - - 2012
Ascorbic acid is a small molecule reductant with multiple functions in vivo. Reducing ascorbic acid intake leads to a lack of hydroxylation of prolines and lysines, causing a looser triple helix and resulting in scurvy. Ascorbic acid also acts as an antioxidant to prevent oxidative stress. Because ascorbic acid is ...
Misal Castro Luis C - - 2012
Selective reduction of carboxylic acids either to aldehydes or alcohols is achieved using a one pot procedure based on iron-catalyzed hydrosilylations. Using phenylsilane and (COD)Fe(CO)(3) catalyst under UV-irradiation at rt, alcohols were obtained specifically in good yields, whereas aldehydes were selectively obtained using TMDS and (t-PBO)Fe(CO)(3) catalyst under thermal activation.
Kamiya Kazuhide - - 2012
We successfully developed a one-pot synthesis method of graphenes modified with iron and nitrogen. The modified graphenes functioned as an efficient electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in acidic solutions with an onset-potential of 850 mV vs. RHE in acidic solutions.
Cheng Ke-Ke - - 2012
The influences of pH and dissolved CO(2) level on the regulation of growth and formation of catabolic end products have been investigated in Klebsiella pneumoniae. With increasing CO(2) levels, there were no apparent changes in 2,3-butanediol production but succinic acid productions were enhanced significantly. A novel strategy for co-production of ...
Zhao Mei - - 2012
Previous animal studies showed that severe vitamin B-6 deficiency altered fatty acid profiles of tissue lipids, often with an increase of linoleic acid and a decrease of arachidonic acid. However, little is known about the extent to which vitamin B-6 deficiency affects human fatty acid profiles. The aim of this ...
Nakashita Manabu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Ceramide has been suggested to play a role in apoptosis during gastric ulcerogenesis. The present study is designed to investigate whether accumulated ceramide could serve as the effector molecules of ulcer formation in a rat model of acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer. METHODS: The effect of fumonisin B1, an inhibitor ...
Richter J E - - 2012
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can be difficult to diagnose - symptoms alone are often not enough, and thus, objective testing is often required. GERD is a manifestation of pathologic levels of reflux into the esophagus of acidic, nonacidic, and/or bilious gastric content. However, in our current evidence-based knowledge approach, we ...
Yeh Chu-Yin - - 2012
Bile salt synthesis is a specialized liver function in vertebrates. Bile salts play diverse roles in digestion and signaling, and their homeostasis is maintained by controlling input (biosynthesis) and intestinal conservation. Patients with biliary atresia (i.e., obliteration of the biliary tree) suffer liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. In contrast, sea lamprey ...
Tytgat Guido Nj - - 2012
The incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and esophageal columnar metaplasia is rising worldwide. Both mechanical and functional factors perturb the double sphincter barrier at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). Discovery of the acid pocket is fundamental in understanding postprandial acid reflux. Adding impedencemetry to pH measurements allows detection of non-acid ...
Ben-Meir David - - 2012
PURPOSE: We histologically investigated the cause of failed endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux with dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injections in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192 children underwent dextranomer/hyaluronic acid injection at our institution between January 2008 and September 2010. The study population consisted of 13 children (22 ureters) with ...
Ohara Shunji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Esophageal mucosal breaks in patients with Los Angeles (LA) grade A or B esophagitis are mainly found in the right anterior wall of the distal esophagus. The aim of this study was to reveal radial acid exposure in the distal esophagus and determine whether radial asymmetry of acid exposure ...
Mori Hideharu - - 2012
This review summarizes recent advances in the design and synthesis of amino-acid-based block copolymers by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of amino-acid-bearing monomers. We will mainly focus on stimuli-responsive block copolymers, such as pH-, thermo-, and dual-stimuli-responsive block copolymers, and self-assembled block copolymers, including amphiphilic and double-hydrophilic block copolymers ...
Roock Sophie D - - 2012
Assault chemical burns are uncommon in northern Europe. Besides local toxicity, systemic manifestations are possible after strong acid exposure. A 40-year-old woman was admitted 1 h after a criminal assault with sulfuric acid. The total burned surface area was 35%, third degree. Injury was due to sulfuric acid (measured pH ...
Torres Rosa J - - 2012
Congenital deficiency of the enzyme hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) results in a spectrum of clinical phenotypes. All of these phenotypes are associated with marked overproduction of uric acid and related problems such as hyperuricemia, urate nephrolithiasis, tophi, and gout. The mildest phenotypes include only problems related to overproduction of uric acid. ...
McCormack Paul L - - 2012
Tranexamic acid, a synthetic derivative of the amino acid lysine, is an antifibrinolytic agent that acts by binding to plasminogen and blocking the interaction of plasmin(ogen) with fibrin, thereby preventing dissolution of the fibrin clot. Tranexamic acid (Transamin®) is indicated in Japan for use in certain conditions with abnormal bleeding ...
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