Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 2178
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Jeon Sangjun - - 2013
This study presents a new and effective downstream process to recover 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) from fermentation broth which is produced by a recombinant Klebsiella pneumoniae strain. The ldhA-deficient K. pneumoniae strain yielded about 90 g/L of 2,3-BD, along with a number of by-products, such as organic acids and alcohols, in a 65 h ...
Chen Lijuan - - 2013
In order to study the effective mechanism of a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), modified Jiu Wei Qiang Huo decoction (MJWQH), against H1N1-induced pneumonia in mice, we chose a holistic approach. A reverse-phase liquid chromatography with quadruple time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q-TOF-MS) was developed to determine metabolomic biomarkers in mouse serum for ...
Sriboonvorakul Natthida N Chromatography and Separation Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand; Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, - - 2013
Acidosis is an important cause of mortality in severe falciparum malaria. Lactic acid is a major contributor to metabolic acidosis, but accounts for only one-quarter of the strong anion gap. Other unidentified organic acids have an independent strong prognostic significance for a fatal outcome. In this study, a simultaneous bio-analytical ...
Bruckert William M WM Department of Microbiology and Immunology and Center for Predictive Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, - - 2014
Upon entry of Legionella pneumophila into amoebas and macrophages, host-mediated farnesylation of the AnkB effector enables its anchoring to the Legionella-containing vacuole (LCV) membrane. On the LCV, AnkB triggers docking of K(48)-linked polyubiquitinated proteins that are degraded by the host proteasomes to elevate cellular levels of amino acids needed for ...
Jørgensen Anna S - - 2013
Herein we describe fluorescent oligonucleotides prepared by click chemistry between novel alkyne-modified locked nucleic acid (LNA) strands and a series of fluorescent azides for homogeneous (all-in-solution) detection of nucleic acids and autoimmune antibodies.
Fechtner Tim T Lehrstuhl für Funktionelle Genomforschung der Mikroorganismen, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, Düsseldorf, - - 2013
In a previous study, we reported that the OmcB protein from Chlamydia pneumoniae mediates adhesion of the infectious elementary body to human HEp-2 cells by interacting with heparin/heparan sulfate-like glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) via basic amino acids located in the first of a pair of XBBXBX heparin-binding motifs (K. Moelleken and J. ...
Arnoux Jean-Baptiste - - 2013
Objective/Context:Long-fasting hypoglycemia in children may be induced by neurotransmitter disorders.Case Report:A 5-year-old girl with a medical history of chronic diarrhea presented three episodes of severe hypoglycemia (20 mg/dL) between ages 3 and 5 years. She became pale and sweaty with hypothermia (33.5°C), bradycardia (45 bpm), and acidosis and presented a ...
Miao Tao - - 2013
The rapid and efficient direct C2-arylation of free (NH)-indoles with arylsulfinic acids proceeded through a microwave-accelerated palladium-catalyzed desulfitation reaction. By using PdCl2 as a catalyst, silver acetate as an oxidant, and H2 SO4 as an additive, arylsulfinic acids with both electron-donating and electron-withdrawing groups underwent desulfitative coupling with an array ...
Li Yanbing Y College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, Heilongjiang 163319, - - 2013
The effects of storage period and aerobic deterioration on the bacterial community were examined in Italian ryegrass (IR), guinea grass (GG), and whole-crop maize (WM) silages. Direct-cut forages were stored in a laboratory silo for 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, and 120 d without any additives; live counts, content of ...
Barman Barun Kumar - - 2013
We report a new protocol for the synthesis of M@rGO (M = Au, Pt, Pd, Ag and rGO = reduced graphene oxide) hybrid nanostructures at room temperature in Zn-acid medium. The roles of Zn-acid are to reduce the GO by generated hydrogen and the deposition of metal nanoparticles on rGO ...
Leber Christopher - - 2013
Carbon feedstocks from fossilized sources are being rapidly depleted due to rising demand for industrial and commercial applications. Many petroleum-derived chemicals can be directly or functionally substituted with chemicals derived from renewable feedstocks. Several short chain organic acids may fulfill this role using their functional groups as a target for ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2013
Sulfur and iron co-doped titanoniobate nanosheets were prepared and evaluated in alcoholysis of styrene epoxide. The resultant co-doped catalyst exhibited excellent catalytic performance (yield of 99% with methanol as the nucleophile in only 1 h at room temperature) and may act as a promising candidate in many acid-catalyzed reactions.
Ma Weiguang - - 2013
A novel photoelectrochemical sensor has been designed with polyaniline-reduced graphene oxide-titanium dioxide, which was further applied to sense gallic acid and exhibited extraordinary rapid response, high sensitivity and excellent anti-inference. Meanwhile, the mechanism has been elaborately explored.
Bernard C - - 2013
The World Health Organization has advised that light-emitting diode (LED) fluorescent microscopes replace mercury vapor lamp (MVL) fluorescent microscopes for detection of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) stained with auramine (1).…
Violante Sara - - 2013
Fatty acid β-oxidation may occur in both mitochondria and peroxisomes. While peroxisomes oxidize specific carboxylic acids such as very long-chain fatty acids, branched-chain fatty acids, bile acids, and fatty dicarboxylic acids, mitochondria oxidize long-, medium-, and short-chain fatty acids. Oxidation of long-chain substrates requires the carnitine shuttle for mitochondrial access ...
Lu Liang-Qiu - - 2013
Two irons for a smoother finish: An NAD(P)H model was regenerated readily in situ by iron-catalyzed reduction with molecular hydrogen. The subsequent biomimetic reduction of α-keto-/ α-iminoesters proceeded smoothly in the presence of an iron-based Lewis acid (LA) to provide α-hydroxyesters and amino acid esters in good to excellent yields ...
He Wan-Ling - - 2013
Abstract Genotypic variation of iron bioavailability and the relationship between iron bioavailability and nutrient composition in polished rice among 11 rice genotypes were assessed using an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model. The results indicated that significant differences in iron bioavailability were detected among tested rice genotypes, with a 3-fold range, ...
Wu Zhe - - 2013
In the biotechnological process, insufficient cofactor NADH and multiple by-products restrain the final titer of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD). In this study, 1,3-PD production was improved by engineering the 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) and formic acid pathways in integrative recombinant Klebsiella pneumoniae. The formation of 2,3-BD is catalysed by acetoin reductase (AR). An inactivation ...
Xu Yongqian - - 2013
The first "off-on" and ratiometric fluorescent method based on ICT mechanism for picric acid (PA) recognition in the near infrared region was constructed. Key advantages of the unique molecular architecture can fulfil the ratiometric response to electron-deficient featured PA which inclines to quench fluorescence of all reported sensors for PA.
Miriagou V - - 2013
Klebsiella pneumoniae strains co-producing klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) and verona integron-encoded metallo-beta-lactamase (VIM) are frequently isolated in Greece and have also occurred in other European countries. Conventional combined disc tests exhibit low sensitivity against these emerging pathogens. We have evaluated modifications of the KPC/Metallo-β-Lactamase Confirmation kit (ROSCO) exhibiting high diagnostic ...
Kitamatsu Mizuki - - 2013
In this report, we describe dendritic peptides possessing central fluorescent amino acids with adjacent branched amino acids. These fluorescent-peptide dendrimers were prepared using (9-fluorenyl)methoxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-based solid-phase peptide synthesis and Fmoc-derivative fluorescent and branched amino acids. The branched amino acids featured multiple carboxylic acids in their side chains, making the fluorescent-peptide ...
Joshi Mohan - - 2013
Nutritional anaemia in India is common morbidity seen in late adolescent and young female population. There are many conflicting opinions regarding dosage of iron folic acid supplementation for managing this simple nutritional deficiency disorder. Hence, this 'Randomized Controlled Trial' was undertaken in adolescent girls suffering from Iron Deficiency Anaemia visiting ...
Wei Dong - - 2013
Klebsiella pneumoniae CGMCC 1.6366 is a bacterium isolated for 1,3-propanediol or 2,3-butanediol production previously. K. pneumoniae ΔbudA, a 2,3-butanediol synthesis pathway truncated mutant with the gene deletion of budA which encodes alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase, was found to execrate an unknown chemical at a high titer when grown in the broth using ...
Amin Rehab - - 2013
Boronic acid-based fluorescent sensor is one of the non-enzymatic methods used for the recognition of saccharides. Since bacterial membrane has polysaccharides with diol groups, boronic acids probe could be applied for rapid bacterial recognition. Escherichia coli (XL-1 blue) were recognized by applying (3-(5-(dimethylamino) naphthalene-1-sulfonamide) phenyl) boronic acid (DNSBA) as a ...
Georgakouli Kalliopi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of α-lipoic acid (LA) supplementation on blood redox status in individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Eight adults with G6PD deficiency (D group) and eight controls with normal G6PD levels (N group) participated in this study. Participants received LA (600 ...
Liu Shi-Rong - - 2013
A BODIPY-based fluorescent probe, HCSe, has been successfully developed for the rapid detection of hypochlorous acid based on the specific HOCl-promoted oxidation of diphenyl selenide in response to the amount of HOCl. Confocal fluorescence microscopy imaging using RAW264.7 cells showed that the new probe HCSe could be used as an ...
Kwon Yun Ju - - 2013
In the continued search for inhibitors of enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase, we found that four acylbenzenediol sulfate metabolites from Streptomyces sp. AN1761 potently inhibited bacterial enoyl-ACP reductases of Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Their structures were identified as panosialins A, B, wA, and wB by MS and ...
Jiang Jun - - 2013
A highly enantioselective trapping of protic phosphoramidate ammonium ylides with α-imino esters is reported. The intriguing Rh(2)(OAc)(4) and chiral Brønsted acid co-catalyzed three-component Mannich-type reaction of a diazo compound, a phosphoramidate, and an α-imino ester provides a rapid and efficient access to 2,3-diaminosuccinic acid derivatives with a high level control ...
Casado M E - - 2013
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) is a key enzyme in the mobilization of fatty acids from intracellular stores. In mice, HSL deficiency results in male sterility caused by a major defect in spermatogenesis. The testes contain high concentrations of PUFA and specific PUFA are essential for spermatogenesis. We investigated the fatty acid ...
Violante Sara - - 2013
Acylcarnitines are commonly used in the diagnosis of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation disorders (mFAODs). It is generally assumed that this plasma acylcarnitine profile reflects the mitochondrial accumulation of acyl-CoAs. The identity of the enzymes and the mitochondrial and plasmalemmal transporters involved in the synthesis and export of these metabolites have ...
Hicks Katherine A KA Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
HpxO is a flavin-dependent urate oxidase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of uric acid to 5-hydroxyisourate and functions in a novel pathway for purine catabolism found in Klebsiella pneumoniae. We have determined the structures of HpxO with and without uric acid at 2.0 and 2.2 Å, respectively. We have also determined ...
Koréissi-Dembélé Yara - - 2013
Low iron and high phytic acid content make fonio based meals a poor source of bioavailable iron. Phytic acid degradation in fonio porridge using whole grain cereals as phytase source and effect on iron bioavailability when added to iron fortified fonio meals were investigated. Grains, nuts and seeds collected in ...
Sin Yuan Yan - - 2013
Arginase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a loss of the liver arginase isoform, arginase 1 (ARG1), which is the final step in the urea cycle for detoxifying ammonia. ARG1 deficiency leads to hyperargininemia, characterized by progressive neurological impairment, persistent growth retardation and infrequent episodes of hyperammonemia. ...
Clementi Emily A - - 2013
HAMLET and ELOA are complexes consisting of oleic acid and two homologous, yet functionally different, proteins with cytotoxic activities against mammalian cells, with HAMLET showing higher tumor cells specificity, possibly due to the difference in propensity for oleic acid binding, as HAMLET binds 5-8 oleic acid molecules per protein molecule ...
Partearroyo Teresa - - 2013
Different vitamin B12 and folic acid concentrations could exacerbate the immune response. The aim was to evaluate different dietary folic acid and vitamin B12 levels on the immune response in aged rats. Male Sprague Dawley aged rats were assigned to three folic acid groups (deficient, control, supplemented) each in absence ...
Shibata Katsumi K Department of Nutrition, School of Human Cultures, The University of Shiga - - 2013
Pantothenic acid (PaA) is involved in the metabolism of amino acids as well as fatty acid. We investigated the systemic metabolism of amino acids in PaA-deficient rats. For this purpose, urine samples were collected and 2-oxo acids and l-tryptophan (l-Trp) and its metabolites including nicotinamide were measured. Group 1 was ...
van de Hoef Diana L DL Division of Parasitology, Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, United State of - - 2013
Malaria is characterized by cyclical fevers and high levels of inflammation, and while an early inflammatory response contributes to parasite clearance, excessive and persistent inflammation can lead to severe forms of the disease. Here, we show that Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes contain uric acid precipitates in the cytoplasm of the parasitophorous ...
Agrawal Karan - - 2012
The leaves of Acer rubrum (red maple), especially when wilted in the fall, cause severe oxidative damage to equine erythrocytes, leading to potentially fatal methemoglobinemia and hemolytic anemia. Gallic acid and tannins from A. rubrum leaves have been implicated as the toxic compounds responsible for red maple toxicosis, but the ...
Xiao Yan - - 2012
To understand the mechanism of lipid accumulation and the corresponding metabolic changes of the microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica IMET1, the lipid content, fatty acid composition and metabolic profile were investigated via batch culture under nutrient deficiency and chemostatic culture under nitrate limitation. The results indicated that the triacylglycerol-neutral lipids were significantly ...
Mudianta I Wayan - - 2012
Twenty-one new psammaplysin derivatives (4-24) exhibiting a variety of side chains, as well as six previously known psammaplysins, were identified from the Indonesian marine sponge Aplysinella strongylata. The double bond on the side chain of the fatty acid-containing psammaplysins was located by GC-MS analysis of the fatty acid methyl esters ...
Clayton Leigh Ann - - 2012
Mycobacterium abscessus pneumonia was diagnosed antemortem in a 23-yr-old male Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). Clinical signs included lethargy, hyporexia, coughing, and bloody respiratory discharge. Diagnostic findings included neutrophilic leukocytosis, anemia, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and repeated forceful exhaled breath (sputum) cytology, with acute inflammatory cells and acid-fast positive beaded ...
Mizuno Yusuke - - 2012
The influence of sulfur deficiency on biomass production was analyzed in the four Chlorellaceae species, Chlorella vulgaris, Chlorella sorokiniana, Chlorella lobophora, and Parachlorella kessleri. Culturing under sulfur-deficient conditions promoted transient accumulation of starch followed by a steady increase in lipid storage. Transmission electron microscopy indicated an increase and decrease in ...
Purevsuren Jamiyan - - 2012
Mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation (FAO) disorders are caused by defects in one of the FAO enzymes that regulates cellular uptake of fatty acids and free carnitine. An in vitro probe acylcarnitine (IVP) assay using cultured cells and tandem mass spectrometry is a tool to diagnose enzyme defects linked to most ...
Huang Yanna - - 2012
Fed-batch cultures of Klebsiella pneumoniae expressing Escherichia coli aldH were performed under microaerobic conditions to investigate the effects on metabolites production. Increasing the aeration rate enhanced cell growth and 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) production, but reduced 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) formation. The recombinant strain K. pneumoniae/pUC18kan-aldHec produced 48.9g/L of 3-HP and 25.3g/L of ...
Lee Changwon C Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry & Microbiology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221, - - 2013
Sialic acid reduced and stabilized gold nanoparticles (d=20.1±1.8 nm) were synthesized by a simple one-pot, green method without chemically modifying sialic acid for colorimetric detection of influenza virus. The gold nanoparticles showed target-specific aggregation with viral particles via hemagglutinin-sialic acid binding. A linear correlation was observed between the change in ...
Kumar Vimal V Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110095, - - 2013
To compare the levels of homocysteine, vitamin B12 and folic acid before and after 6 months of carbamazepine therapy and to correlate them with carbamazepine level at 6 months. Prospective comparative study. Tertiary care centre in North India. 51 children (2-12 years of age) presenting with motor partial seizures. Carbamazepine ...
Salama W - - 2012
Peritidal ferruginous microbialites form the main bulk of the Middle Eocene ironstone deposits of the Bahariya Depression, Western Desert, Egypt. They include ferruginous stromatolites and microbially coated grains (ferruginous oncoids and ooids). Their internal structures reveal repeated cycles of microbial and Fe oxyhydroxide laminae. The microbial laminae consist of fossilised ...
Wang Jian - - 2012
A novel iron-mediated direct C-H arylation of quinones and pyridine analogues with arylboronic acids has been developed using dichloromethane and water as solvents at ambient temperature. FeS is employed and serves as an efficient catalyst. A detailed reaction mechanism is speculated and expounded.
Babbitt Shalon E SE Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2012
The human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum is auxotrophic for most amino acids. Its amino acid needs are met largely through the degradation of host erythrocyte hemoglobin; however the parasite must acquire isoleucine exogenously, because this amino acid is not present in adult human hemoglobin. We report that when isoleucine is ...
Luo Yueting - - 2012
A novel cascade cyclization of ethyl glyoxalate and amines proceeds in the presence of Pd(TFA)(2) (5 mol %) to give the cyclic dehydro-α-amino acid derivatives. This method provides a fast and simple access to highly substituted dihydro-pyrrol-2-ones in good yields.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >