Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 2170
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Sparey Tim - - 2008
The 'NMDA hypofunction hypothesis of schizophrenia' can be tested in a number of ways. DAO is the enzyme primarily responsible for the metabolism of d-serine, a co-agonist for the NMDA receptor. We identified novel DAO inhibitors, in particular, acid 1, which demonstrated moderate potency for DAO in vitro and ex ...
Sbardella Gianluca - - 2008
Pentadecylidenemalonate 1b, a simplified analogue of anacardic acid, was identified as the first mixed activator/inhibitor of histone acetyltransferases (HATs). It potentiates PCAF HAT activity while inhibiting those of p300/CBP and recombinant CBP. The remarkable apoptotic effect together with the ability to selectively acetylate histone versus non-histone substrates appoint 1b as ...
De Luca Laura - - 2008
We report herein the development of a new three-dimensional pharmacophore model for HIV-1 integrase inhibitors which led to the discovery of some 4-[1-(4-fluorobenzyl)-1H-indol-3-yl]-2-hydroxy-4-oxobut-2-enoic acids that are able to specifically inhibit the strand transfer step of integration at nanomolar concentration. The synthesis of the new designed molecules is also described.
Murugesan Dinakaran - - 2008
Several newer 6-fluoro/nitro-4-oxo-7-(sub)-4H-[1,3]thiazeto[3,2-a]quinoline-3-carboxylic acids (10-11a-q) were synthesised from 3,4-difluoro aniline and 3-fluoro-4-nitro aniline by nine-step synthesis. The compounds were evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multidrug-resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Mycobacterium smegmatis (MC2) as well as being tested for their ability to ...
Giessmann Dirk - - 2008
The conversion of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate (DOXP) to 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) is effectively blocked by 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase (Dxr) inhibitors such as the natural antibiotic fosmidomycin. Prediction of binding affinities for closely related Dxr ligands as well as estimation of the affinities of structurally more distinct inhibitors within this class of non-hydrolyzable phosphate mimics ...
Leu Yann-Lii - - 2008
Four anthraquinones, physcion (1), emodin (2), citreorosein (3) and anthraglycoside B (6), and two stilbenes, resveratrol (4), and piceid (5), were isolated previously from the root of Polygonum cuspidatum. These bioactive compounds were examined for their antityrosinase potency. No antityrosinase activity was detected with treatment using stilbenes. On the other ...
Lin Jung-Chung - - 2008
Glycyrrhizic acid (18beta-GL or GL) is a herbal drug with a broad spectrum of antiviral activities and pharmacological effects and multiple sites of action. Previously we showed that GL inhibits Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in vitro by interfering with an early step of the EBV replication cycle (possibly attachment/penetration). Here ...
Kirkland Thomas A - - 2008
Leukotriene B(4) (LTB(4)) is a potent pro-inflammatory mediator that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple diseases, including psoriasis, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis and asthma. As a method to decrease the level of LTB(4) and possibly identify novel treatments, inhibitors of the LTB(4) biosynthetic enzyme, leukotriene A(4) hydrolase ...
Ella-Menye Jean-Rene - - 2008
Bicyclic amino acids are useful building blocks in synthesizing biologically active molecules and peptidomimetics. 2-Carboxy-6-hydroxyloctahydroindole (Choi) is a novel bicyclic amino acid found in the marine natural products aeruginosins. Many compounds in the aeruginosin family exhibit inhibition activities toward serine proteases including thrombin and trypsin. The unique Choi structure is ...
Aich Udayanath - - 2008
Chemical biology studies, exemplified by metabolic glycoengineering experiments that employ short chain fatty acid (SCFA)-hexosamine monosaccharide hybrid molecules, often suffer from off-target effects. Here we demonstrate that systematic structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies can deconvolute multiple biological activities of SCFA-hexosamine analogues by demonstrating that triacylated monosaccharides, including both n-butyrate- and acetate-modified ...
O'Dowd Hardwin - - 2008
The synthesis and evaluation of novel azetidine lincosamides 1 are described. Eleven new (3-trans-alkyl)azetidine-2-carboxylic acids were synthesized via alkylation of N-TBS-4-oxo-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid and subsequent elaboration then coupled to 7-chloro-1-methylthio-lincosamine. The resulting lincosamides differ from the drug clindamycin in both the size of the ring and the position/structure of the alkyl ...
Senthilkumar Palaniappan - - 2009
Various 1-(substituted)-1,4-dihydro-6-nitro-4-oxo-7-(sub-secondary amino)-quinoline-3-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 2,4-dichlorobenzoic acid by six step synthesis. The compounds were evaluated for antimycobacterial in vitro and in vivo against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Mycobacterium smegmatis (MC(2)) and also tested for the ability to inhibit the supercoiling activity of ...
Daryaee Fereidoon - - 2009
On the basis of the structural similarity of N-substituted glycolamides with N-glycolyl muramic acid residues of the cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a series of these compounds were designed and synthesized by the reaction of glycolic acid acetonide 1 (2,2-dimethyl-5-oxo-1,3-dioxolane) with the proper amines. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was ...
Decker Michael - - 2008
A set of hybrid molecules were synthesized out of lipoic acid, alpha,omega-diamines of different lengths serving as spacers, and cholinesterase (ChE) inhibiting [2,1-b]quinazolinimines. Depending on the length of the alkylene spacer the amide hybrids are inhibitors of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with inhibitory activities of 0.5-4.6microM and inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) with ...
Sakagami Kazunari - - 2008
In this paper, we describe the synthesis of (+)-(1R( *),2R( *))-2-[(1S( *))-1-amino-1-carboxy-2-(9H-xanthen-9-yl)-ethyl]-1-fluorocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (+)-16a, a compound, that is, fluorinated at the alpha position of the carboxylic acid in the cyclopropane ring of a group II mGluRs antagonist, 1 (LY341495), using a previously reported stereoselective cyclopropanation reaction. The fluorinated compound (+)-16a ...
Patel Pranav - - 2008
The 5-lipoxygenase product 5-oxo-6E,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-oxo-ETE) is a potent chemoattractant for neutrophils and eosinophils, and its actions are mediated by the oxoeicosanoid (OXE) receptor, a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family. To define the requirements for activation of the OXE receptor, we have synthesized a series of 5-oxo-6E,8Z-dienoic acids ...
Cai Zhen-wei - - 2008
A series of amino acid ester prodrugs of the dual VEGFR-2/FGFR-1 kinase inhibitor 1 (BMS-540215) was prepared in an effort to improve the aqueous solubility and oral bioavailability of the parent compound. These prodrugs were evaluated for their ability to liberate parent drug 1 in in vitro and in vivo ...
Easson Michael W - - 2008
A series of carboranylporphyrins containing either amine or phosphonic acid functionalities and two to six closo-carborane clusters have been synthesized via a [2+2] condensation of a dimethylamino- or diethylphosphonate-substituted dipyrromethane with a dicarboranylmethyl-benzaldehyde. The X-ray structures of four key reaction intermediates (1, 2, 3, and 4a) and of two target ...
Yendapally Raghunandan - - 2008
In order to expand the structure-activity relationship of tetramic acid molecules with structural similarity to the antibiotic reutericyclin, 22 compounds were synthesized and tested against a panel of clinically relevant bacteria. Key structural changes on the tetramic acid core affected antibacterial activity. Various compounds in the N-alkyl 3-acetyltetramic acid series ...
Wang Si-Hong - - 2008
2-Substituted 3-nitropropanoic acids were designed and synthesized as inhibitors against carboxypeptidase A (CPA). (R)-2-Benzyl- 3-nitropropanoic acid showed a potent inhibition against CPA (K(i)=0.15 microM). X-ray crystallography discloses that the nitro group well mimics the transition state occurred in the hydrolysis catalyzed by CPA, that is, an O,O'-bidentate coordination to the ...
Lu Zhonghui - - 2008
Potent and selective inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE) were discovered with several new heterocyclic P1' groups in conjunction with cyclic beta-amino hydroxamic acid scaffolds. Among them, the pyrazolopyridine provided the best overall profile when combined with tetrahydropyran beta-amino hydroxamic acid scaffold. Specifically, inhibitor 49 showed IC(50) value ...
Xue Chao-Bin - - 2008
Here, we report our results from quantitative structure-activity relationship studies on tyrosinase inhibitors. Interactions between benzoic acid derivatives and tyrosinase active sites were also studied using a molecular docking method. These studies indicated that one possible mechanism for the interaction between benzoic acid derivatives and the tyrosinase active site is ...
Kimball F Scott - - 2008
A series of alpha-ketooxazoles containing conformational constraints in the flexible C2 acyl side chain of 2 (OL-135) and representative oxazole C5 substituents were prepared and examined as inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Exceptionally potent and selective FAAH inhibitors emerged from the series (e.g., 6, Ki = 200 and ...
Kempen Isabelle - - 2008
Novel 6-substituted 2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran-3-carboxylic acid derivatives were synthesized and their potency in reducing the invasive behaviour of HT 1080 fibrosarcoma cells was evaluated. Structure-activity relationships were deduced from biological results and will be used in further design of new active compounds. In particular, the acetoxymethyl substituent found at the 6-position of ...
Hamada Yoshio - - 2008
Recently, we reported potent BACE1 inhibitors KMI-429, -684, and -574 possessing a hydroxymethylcarbonyl isostere as a substrate transition-state mimic. These inhibitors showed potent inhibitory activities in enzymatic and cell assays, especially, KMI-429 was confirmed to significantly inhibit Abeta production in vivo. However, acidic moieties at the P(4) and P(1)' positions ...
da Silva Márcia - - 2008
The Topliss method was used to guide a synthetic path in support of drug discovery efforts toward the identification of potent antimycobacterial agents. Salicylic acid and its derivatives, p-chloro, p-methoxy, and m-chlorosalicylic acid, exemplify a series of synthetic compounds whose minimum inhibitory concentrations for a strain of Mycobacterium were determined ...
Ezequiel Wexselblatt - - 2008
Immediately after sensing the inception of amino acid starvation, bacteria respond pleiotropically with the stringent response via RelA, mainly resulting in the accumulation of the signal molecule (p)ppGpp. A series of analogues of ppGpp that inhibit RelA activity was prepared in order to control the ability of bacteria cells to ...
Eisner Thomas - - 2008
Beetles of the family Lycidae have long been known to be chemically protected. We present evidence that North American species of the lycid genera Calopteron and Lycus are rejected by thrushes, wolf spiders, and orb-weaving spiders, and that they contain a systemic compound that could account, at least in part, ...
Vandevoorde Séverine - - 2008
The family of the endogenous agonists of the cannabinoid receptors--i.e., the endocannabinoids--includes several polyunsaturated fatty acid amides and esters. Arachidonoylethanolamide (anandamide, AEA) and 2-arachidon-oylglycerol (2-AG) are, respectively, the leads of these chemical families. So far, two enzymes responsible for the metabolism of AEA and 2-AG have been described: fatty acid ...
Manallack D T - - 2008
Platensimycin was recently discovered by Merck Research Laboratories and has created considerable interest given its potent antibacterial activity and mode of action. The use of RNA gene-silencing techniques and screening libraries of natural products allowed Merck to find this antibiotic which may have otherwise been missed using conventional methods. Interestingly, ...
Al-Hiari Yusuf M - - 2008
[1,4]Diazepino[2,3-h]quinolone carboxylic acid 3 and its benzo-homolog tetrahydroquino[7,8-b]benzodiazepine-3-carboxylic acid 5 were prepared via PPAcatalyzed thermal lactamization of the respective 8-amino-7-substituted-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives 8, 10. The latter compounds were obtained by reduction of their 8-nitro-7-substituted-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid precursors 7, 9 which, in turn, were prepared by reaction of 7-chloro-1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-8-nitro-1,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylic acid (6) with ...
Sechi Mario - - 2008
HIV-1 integrase (IN) is an attractive and validated target for the development of novel therapeutics against AIDS. In the search for new IN inhibitors, we designed and synthesized three series of bis-amide and hydrazide-containing derivatives of malonic acid. We performed a docking study to investigate the potential interactions of the ...
Fezza Filomena - - 2008
The family of endocannabinoids contains several polyunsaturated fatty acid amides such as anandamide (AEA), but also esters such as 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). These compounds are the main endogenous agonists of cannabinoid receptors, able to mimic several pharmacological effects of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta9-THC), the active principle of Cannabis sativa preparations like hashish and ...
Jin Shan - - 2008
Boronic acids that change fluorescence properties upon sugar binding are very useful for the synthesis of carbohydrate sensors. Along this line, boronic acids that fluoresce beyond 500 nm are especially useful. A series of boronic acid fluorescent reporter compounds based on the 4-amino-1,8-naphthalimide structure have been synthesized (1a-d) and evaluated ...
Holzer Marcel - - 2008
Results from our group showed benzyl salicylate to be a moderate inhibitor of the CD81-LEL-HCV-E2 interaction. To increase the biological activity, heterocyclic substituted benzoic acids were coupled to amino acid esters via microwave assisted DCC-reaction. The prepared compounds were tested for their inhibitory potency by means of a fluorescence labeled ...
Vedantham Punitha - - 2008
Development of an ionic immobilization, diversification, and release method for the generation of methionine aminopeptidase inhibitors is reported. This method involves the immobilization of 5-bromofuran-2-carboxylic acid and 5-bromothiophene-2-carboxylic acid onto PS-BEMP, followed by Suzuki reaction on a resin-bound intermediate and subsequent release to provide products in moderate yields and excellent ...
Buchanan Malcolm S - - 2008
A new natural product, lysianadioic acid, was isolated from the plant Lysiana subfalcata as a carboxypeptidase B (CPB) inhibitor. It is a potent inhibitor of CPB with an IC(50) of 0.36 microM. This is the first known example of a small molecule CPB inhibitor isolated from plant origin. Its structure ...
Mayorov Alexander V - - 2008
A variety of dicarboxylic acid linkers introduced between the alpha-amino group of Pro(6) and the -amino group of Lys(10) of the cyclic lactam alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)-derived Pro(6)-D-Phe(7)/D-Nal(2')(7)-Arg(8)-Trp(9)-Lys(10)-NH2 pentapeptide template lead to nanomolar range and selective hMC3R agonists and antagonists. Replacement of the Pro(6) residue and the dicarboxylic acid linker with ...
Masuda Toshiya - - 2008
Lemongrass is a popular Asian herb having a lemon-like flavor. Very recently, potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity has been found in lemongrass in addition to various biological activities reported in the literature. The aim of the present study is to identify the active compounds in the lemongrass. An assay-guided purification revealed ...
Frade Vânia H J - - 2008
Synthesised functionalised naphtho[2,3-a]phenoxazinium chlorides revealed great fluorescence with maximum emission wavelengths between 630 and 676 nm, in ethanol and water at physiological pH. Naphtho[2,3-a]phenoxazines, as well as a series of benzo[a]phenoxazines, were evaluated against Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in a broth microdilution assay. This family of compounds exhibited antifungal activity depending both ...
Gnoatto Simone C B - - 2008
The inhibitory potency of ursolic acid extracted from Ilex paraguariensis, a plant used in South American population for a tea preparation known as maté, and its derivatives to inhibit aromatase activity was assessed and compared to a phytoestrogen apigenin and a steroidal aromatase inhibitor 4-hyroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA). Among all compounds tested ...
Dinakaran Murugesan - - 2008
Thirty novel 9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-8,10-(mono/di-sub)-3-methyl-8-nitro-7-oxo-7H-[1,4]oxazino[2,3,4-ij]quinoline-6-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 2,3,4,5-tetrafluoro benzoic acid and evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB), and Mycobacterium smegmatis (MC(2)) and also tested for the ability to inhibit the supercoiling activity of DNA gyrase from mycobacteria. ...
Waldecker Markus - - 2008
Colorectal cancer is the most abundant cause of cancer mortality in the Western world. Nutrition and the microbial flora are considered to have a marked influence on the risk of colorectal cancer, the formation of butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) possibly playing a major role as chemopreventive products ...
Carvalho Samir A - - 2008
In this work, we report the synthesis and the antimycobacterial evaluation of new trans-cinnamic acid derivatives of isonicotinic acid series (5) and benzoic acid series (6), designed by exploring the molecular hybridization approach between isoniazid (1) and trans-cinnamic acid derivative (3). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the compounds 5a-d ...
Kemnitzer William - - 2008
As a continuation of our efforts to discover and develop apoptosis inducing 4-aryl-4H-chromenes as novel anticancer agents, we explored modifications at the 2- and 3-positions. It was found that replacement of the 3-cyano group by an ester, including methyl and ethyl ester, resulted in >200-fold reduction of activity. Conversion of ...
Bisogno Fabricio - - 2007
A structure-antifungal activity relationship (SAR) study of 22 related cinnamic acid derivatives was carried out. Attention was focused on the antifungal activities exhibited against Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus terreus, and Aspergillus niger. (E)-3-(4-methoxy-3-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)phenyl)acrylic acid (16) exhibited antifungal activity against A. niger, comparable to that of miconazole and a significant antifungal effect ...
Chen Liqiang - - 2007
Mycophenolic acid (MPA), an inhibitor of IMP-dehydrogenase (IMPDH), is used worldwide in transplantation. Recently, numerous studies showed its importance in cancer treatment. Consequently, MPA entered clinical trials in advanced multiple myeloma patients. Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a potent differentiation agent acting through inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs), was recently approved ...
Senthilkumar Palaniappan - - 2008
Thirty-four newer 1-cyclopropyl-1,4-dihydro-6-fluoro-7-(substituted secondary amino)-8-methoxy-5-(sub)-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 1,2,3,4-tetrafluoro benzene and evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Mycobacterium smegmatis (MC(2)) and also tested for the ability to inhibit the supercoiling activity of DNA gyrase. Among ...
Ortar Giorgio - - 2007
N-arachidonoylserotonin (AA-5-HT, 1a) is an inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) that acts also as an antagonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid-type 1 (TRPV1) channels and is analgesic in rodents. We modified the chemical structure of 1a with the aim of developing "hybrid" FAAH/TRPV1 blockers more potent than the ...
Dinakaran Murugesan - - 2009
Sixteen novel 3-nitro-2-(sub)-5,12-dihydro-5-oxobenzothiazolo[3,2-a]-1,8-naphthyridine-6-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 2,6-dimethoxynicotinic acid and 2-aminothiophenol and evaluated for their antitubercular activities in vitro and in vivo against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37) Rv (MTB) and multi-drug resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB). Among the synthesized compounds, 2-(1,4-dioxa-8-azaspiro[4.5]dec-8-yl)-3-nitro-5,12-dihydro-5-oxobenzothiazolo[3,2-a]-1,8-naphthyridine-6-carboxylic acid (10n) was found to be the most active compound in ...
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