Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2179
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Muro Fumihito - - 2009
During the course of our study, it was revealed that the poor pharmacokinetic properties of a series of benzoic acid derivatives such as 1 should be attributed to the diphenylurea moiety. Thus, we replaced the diphenylurea moiety in 1 with a 2-(2-methylphenylamino)benzoxazole moiety which mimics the diphenylurea structure. However, this ...
Zheng Chang-Ji - - 2008
Aceriphyllum rossii Engler (Saxifragaceae) have been used as a nutritious food in Korea. We found that the methanol extract of the root portion of A. rossii potently inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus , with a minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 8 microg/mL. Using mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic ...
Tang Luhong - - 2009
The monopalmityloxy shikimic acids have been synthesized from shikimic acid and palmitic acid catalyzed by Novozym 435 in 2-methyl-2-butanol. The anticoagulation activity in vivo via oral administration of monopalmityloxy shikimic acid has been evaluated through arteriovenous shunt model of rats and through the determination of thrombin time, prothrombin time, and ...
Zhang Yong - - 2009
The involvement of mu-calpain in neurological disorders, such as stroke and Alzheimer's disease has attracted considerable interest in the use of calpain inhibitors as therapeutic agents. 4-Aryl-4-oxobutanoic acid amide derivatives 4 were designed as acyclic variants of mu-calpain inhibitory chromone and quinolinone derivatives. Of the compounds synthesized, 4c-2, which possesses ...
Kaplancikli Zafer A - - 2008
The increasing clinical importance of drug-resistant mycobacterial pathogens, especially Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has lent additional urgency to microbiological research and new antimycobacterial compound development. For this purpose, new hydrazide derivatives of imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine were synthesized and evaluated for antituberculosis activity. The reaction of 2-[(2-carboxyimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-yl)sulfanyl]acetic acid hydrazide with various benzaldehydes gave N-(arylidene)-2-[(2-carboxyimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-yl)sulfanyl]acetic acid ...
Tanaka Reiko - - 2008
Natural resin acids present in rosin of Pinus spez., including isopimaric acid (1), mercusic acid (2), neoabietic acid (3), dehydroabietic acid (4), and podocarpic acid (8), as well as resin acid derivatives 8β,9α,13α-H-tetrahydroabietic acid (5), 8α,9α,13α-H-tetrahydroabietic acid (6), 13α-H-Δ(8)-dihydroabietic acid (7), maleopimaric acid (9), and fumaropimaric acid (10), were studied ...
Low Eddy - - 2009
2-Dichloroamino-2-methyl-propane-1-sulfonic acid sodium salt (2a), a stable derivative of endogenous N,N-dichlorotaurine (1), has been identified and is under development as a topical antimicrobial agent. Structure-activity relationships of analogs were explored to achieve optimal antimicrobial activity with minimal mammalian toxicity while maintaining the desired stability. All the analogs synthesized showed antimicrobial ...
Simoni Daniele - - 2008
A small series of aminobisphosphonates (N-BPs) structurally related to zoledronic acid was synthesized with the aim of improving activity toward activation of human gammadelta T cells and in turn their in vivo antitumor activity. The absence of the 1-OH moiety, together with the position and the different basicity of the ...
van Wyk Marianne - - 2008
N-Substituted pantothenamides are a class of pantothenic acid analogues which have been shown to act as inhibitors of coenzyme A biosynthesis and utilization, especially by blocking fatty acid metabolism through formation of inactive acyl carrier proteins. To fully explore the chemical diversity and inhibitory potential of these analogues we have ...
Pingali Harikishore - - 2008
Oxazole containing glycine and oximinobutyric acid derivatives were synthesized as PPARalpha agonists by incorporating polymethylene spacer as a replacement of commonly used phenylene group that connects the acidic head with lipophilic tail. Compound 13a was found to be a selective and potent PPARalpha agonist. Further 1,3-dioxane-2-carboxylic acid derivative 20 was ...
Nobmann Patricia - - 2009
Novel mono-substituted carbohydrate fatty acid (CFA) esters and ethers were investigated for their antibacterial activity against a range of pathogenic and spoilage bacteria focussing on Listeria monocytogenes. Carbohydrate derivatives with structural differences enable comparative studies on the structure/activity relationship for antimicrobial efficacy and mechanism of action. The antimicrobial efficacy of ...
Alvarado Mario - - 2008
Searching for new antiobesity agents, a new series of fatty acid amide derivatives of 1,5-diarylpyrazole have been synthesized as dual peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha)/cannabinoid receptor ligands. The compounds have been evaluated in vivo and in vitro as PPARalpha activators and as cannabinoids in two tests of the mouse ...
Cramer Nicolai - - 2008
To gain insight into the biological properties of tetramic acid lactam cylindramide 1, the analogues 4 a-d bearing a cyclopentane ring instead of the pentalene unit were prepared by tandem conjugate addition/enolate trapping of cyclopentenone 10; a Sonogashira or Stille coupling, followed by a Julia-Kocienski olefination, macrolactamisation and Lacey-Dieckmann cyclisation ...
Muro Fumihito - - 2008
Optimization of benzoic acid derivatives by introducing substituents into the diphenyl urea moiety led to the identification of compound 20l as a potent VLA-4 antagonist. Compound 20l inhibited eosinophil infiltration into bronchial alveolar lavage fluid in a murine asthma model by oral dosing and its efficacy was comparable to anti-mouse ...
Nayyar Amit - - 2009
The synthesis, antimycobacterial activity and 3D-QSAR study of two series of 4-(adamantan-1-yl) group containing quinolines conjugated to amino acids are described. The most potent analogs displayed in vitro antimycobacterial activity ranging between 1.00 and 3.125 microg/mL. To understand the relationship between structure and activity, a 3D-QSAR analysis has been carried ...
Cheng Keguang - - 2008
Bredemolic acid (3) is a naturally occurring 2β,3α-isomer of maslinic acid (1) that is an allosteric site inhibitor of glycogen phosphorylase (GP). A practical synthesis of 3 was accomplished (18% yield) in five steps starting from the readily available 2β,3β-diol 6a. In a similar fashion, 2β,3α-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (4) was synthesized ...
Zhang Feng - - 2008
Polyphenols, including flavonoids, are the major components of the extracts from aceraceous plants. They possess remarkable antibacterial and antitumour activity. Our study focused on whether the inhibition of the bacterial type II fatty acid synthesis system is the mechanism for the antibacterial effect of the related plant polyphenols. Extracts obtained ...
Antoine Maud - - 2008
New series of analogues of N-(pyridin-4-yl)-2-[1-(4-chlorobenzyl)-indol-3-yl]glyoxamide D-24851 were synthesized, characterized and tested for their in vitro anticancer properties. In the first series, an amino acid spacer was introduced in the glyoxamide chain of D-24851. In the second series, the glyoxamide chain was moved to positions 4 and 5 of indole ...
Dassonville Alexandra - - 2008
In this study, the synthetic way to new N-pyridinyl(methyl)indolylpropanamides acting as non acidic NSAIDs has been described. Pharmacomodulation was carried out at N(1) and C(5) of the indole ring and at the level of the propanamide chain. N(3)-pyridinylmethyl-[1(4-chlorobenzyl-5-chloroindol-3-yl)propanamide represents one of the most potent compounds in the TPA-induced mouse ear ...
Batovska Daniela I - - 2008
Mycophenolic acid (MPA, 1), an inhibitor of IMP-dehydrogenase (IMPDH) and a latent PPARgamma agonist, is used as an effective immunosuppressant for clinical transplantation and recently entered clinical trials in advanced multiple myeloma patients. On the other hand, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a non-specific histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, has been approved ...
Lee Po Yi - - 2009
The present study presents the toxicity data of benzoic acid and its derivatives on Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, in terms of EC50 and NOEC values. Median effective concentrations (EC50) range from 0.55 to 270.7 mg/L (based on final yield) and 1.93 to 726.3mg/L (based on algal growth rate). No-observed-effect concentration (NOEC) is ...
Desbois Andrew P - - 2008
One solution to the global crisis of antibiotic resistance is the discovery of novel antimicrobial compounds for clinical application. Marine organisms are an attractive and, as yet, relatively untapped resource of new natural products. Cell extracts from the marine diatom, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, have antibacterial activity and the fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic ...
Connolly Beth A - - 2008
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV; E.C. 3.4.14.5), a serine protease that degrades the incretin hormones GLP-1 and GIP, is now a validated target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Dipeptide boronic acids, among the first, and still among the most potent DPP-IV inhibitors known, suffer from a concern over their ...
Pingali Harikishore - - 2008
A series of novel 1,3-dioxane-2-carboxylic acid derivatives containing alkyl chain tether and substituted phenyl group as a lipophilic tail have been prepared as agonists of PPARalpha and gamma. c-5-[6-(4-Methanesulfonyloxyphenyl)hexyl]-2-methyl-1,3-dioxane-r-2-carboxylic acid 13c exhibited potent hypoglycemic and lipid lowering activity with high oral bioavailability in animal models.
Dinakaran Murugesan - - 2008
Thirty four novel 7-fluoro/nitro-1,2-dihydro-5-oxo-8-(sub)-5H-thiazolo[3,2-a]quinoline-4-carboxylic acids were synthesized from 2,4-dichlorobenzoic acid and 2,4-dichloro-5-fluoroacetophenone by multi step reaction, evaluated for in vitro and in vivo antimycobacterial activities against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (MTB), multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and Mycobacterium smegmatis (MC2) and also tested for the ability to inhibit the supercoiling activity ...
Souto José A - - 2008
A group of benzamides related to anacardic acid amide CTPB with alkyl chains of defined length were prepared by a five-step sequence starting from 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid, and their activities were compared with those reported for the HAT inhibitor anacardic acid (AA). The subset of 4-cyano-3-trifluoromethylphenylbenzamides with shorter chains exhibited activities ...
Gu Peihua - - 2008
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is uniquely susceptible to weak acids compared with other mycobacteria or bacteria. The antituberculosis activity of the front-line drug pyrazinamide (PZA), a weak acid (pyrazinoic acid) precursor, can be enhanced by inhibitors of energy metabolism and anaerobiosis. Here, we investigated the effect of inhibitors of energy metabolism and ...
Camarda Valeria - - 2008
Neuropeptide S (NPS) has been identified as the endogenous ligand of a previously orphan receptor now named NPSR. Previous studies demonstrated that the N-terminal sequence Phe(2)-Arg(3)-Asn(4) of the peptide is crucial for biological activity. Here, we report on a focused structure-activity study of Arg(3) and Asn(4) that have been replaced ...
Muregi Francis W - - 2008
It was earlier hypothesized that the malarial parasite may convert precursors of folate analogues to synthesize de novo inhibitors toxic to itself, but not to the mammalian cell. It was suggested that one such analogue, 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxymethylpteridine (DAP) may be converted to aminopterin (AMP), a known dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor. In the ...
Acharya Chayan - - 2008
Drug permeability is often a limiting step in drug action, requiring chemical optimization of a drug candidate to improve this property. Such optimization is typically performed in the context of a congeneric series, where substituents are varied to optimize the target property. Motivated by this need the present work examines ...
Raboisson Pierre - - 2008
Starting from the previously reported HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor BILN 2061, we have used a fast-follower approach to identify a novel series of HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitors in which (i) the P3 amino moiety and its capping group have been truncated, (ii) a sulfonamide is introduced in the P1 cyclopropyl ...
Tischler Jessica L - - 2008
Butyric acid and trichostatin A (TSA) are anti-cancer compounds that cause the upregulation of genes involved in differentiation and cell cycle regulation by inhibiting histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity. In this study we have synthesized and evaluated compounds that combine the bioavailability of short-chain fatty acids, like butyric acid, with the ...
Pasquini Serena - - 2008
A set of 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acids bearing different substituents on the condensed benzene ring was designed and synthesized as potential HIV-1 integrase inhibitors structurally related to elvitegravir. Some of the new compounds proved to be able to inhibit the strand transfer step of the virus integration process in the micromolar range. ...
Felts Andrew S AS Department of Biochemistry, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt University Center for Structural Biology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-0146, - - 2008
A series of novel derivatives of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sulindac sulfide were synthesized as potential agonists of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). Nonpolar and aromatic substitutions on the benzylidene ring as well as retention of the carboxylic acid side chain were required for optimal activity. Compound 24 ...
Chen Jian Jeffrey - - 2008
Replacement of the core beta-amino acid in our previously reported piperidine acetic acid and beta-phenylalanine-based Bradykinin B1 antagonists by dihydroquinoxalinone acetic acid increases the in vitro potency and metabolic stability. The most potent compounds from this series have IC(50)s<0.2 nM in a human B1 receptor functional assay. A molecular modeling ...
Enomoto Hiroshi - - 2008
We studied the synthetic modification of structurally similar N-mercaptoacyl-L-proline and (4R)-N-mercaptoacylthiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid to obtain potent leukotriene A(4) (LTA(4)) hydrolase inhibitors. An N-mercaptoacyl group, (2S)-3-mercapto-2-methylpropionyl group, was effective for both scaffolds. Additional introduction of a large substituent such as 4-isopropylbenzylthio (3f), 4-tert-butylbenzylthio (3l) or 4-cyclohexylbenzylthio group (3m) with (S)-configuration at the ...
Klein Thomas - - 2008
We assessed the effect of novel selective thiopheneacetic acids on cyclooxygenase isoenzymes in vitro and in vivo. Thiopheneacetic acid Eltenac and derivatives were investigated in this study. In human whole blood experiments these derivatives were potent inhibitors of COX-2 (IC(50)=0.02-0.4 microM) with less pronounced effect on COX-1 (IC(50)=0.15-5.6 microM). With ...
Kim Jinyoung - - 2008
Based on our pharmacophore model of the aryl diketoacids (ADKs), we designed and prepared a series of novel ADK analogues, which showed potent inhibitory activities against the NS5B polymerase in the submicromolar range. Pharmacophore-guided docking study revealed that the antiviral activities of the ADKs are highly dependent upon the aryl ...
Ahmed Musa - - 2008
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, exerts its physiological effects by binding and activating specific G protein-coupled receptors, named ET(A) and ET(B). An unique property of ET-1 is its ability to bind almost irreversibly to its receptors. Aspirin and salicylic acid (SA) are allosteric inhibitors of ET-1 binding to ET(A) ...
Pingali Harikishore - - 2008
A few novel 1,3-dioxane carboxylic acid derivatives were designed and synthesized to aid in the characterization of PPAR alpha/gamma dual agonists. Structural requirements for PPARalpha/gamma dual agonism of 1,3-dioxane carboxylic acid derivatives included the structural similarity with potent glitazones in fibric acid chemotype. The compounds with this pharmacophore and substituted ...
Park Chul Min - - 2008
A novel series of 1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid pyridine-3-ylamides were synthesized and identified to show high affinity and selectivity for 5-HT(2C) receptor. Among them, 1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid[6-(2-chloro-pyridin-3-yloxy)-pyridin-3-yl]-amide (15k) exhibits the highest affinity (IC(50)=0.5 nM) with an excellent selectivity (>2000 times) over other serotonin (5-HT(1A), 5-HT(2A), and 5-HT(6)) and dopamine (D(2)-D(4)) receptors.
Dang Qun - - 2008
Like most phosphonic acids, the recently discovered potent and selective thiazole phosphonic acid inhibitors of fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) exhibited low oral bioavailability (OBAV) and therefore required a prodrug to achieve oral efficacy. Syntheses of known phosphonate prodrugs did not afford the desired OBAV; hence, a new class of prodrugs was ...
Thors L - - 2008
Recent studies have demonstrated that the naturally occurring isoflavone compounds genistein and daidzein inhibit the hydrolysis of anandamide by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in the low micromolar concentration range. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether this property is shared by flavonoids. The hydrolysis of anandamide ...
Ling Qing - - 2008
A novel synthesis of the human leukocyte common antigen-related (LAR) phosphatase inhibitor, illudalic acid, has been achieved by a route more amenable to structure modifications. A series of simpler analogues of illudalic acid was synthesized and evaluated for potency in inhibiting LAR. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) study has shown that ...
Staniszewska Renata - - 2008
Novel endomorphin-2 (EM-2) analogs have been synthesized, incorporating unnatural amino acids with six-membered heterocyclic rings, such as piperidine-2-, 3- and 4-carboxylic acids (Pip, Nip and Inp, respectively) instead of Pro in position 2. [(R)-Nip(2)]EM-2 displayed an extremely high affinity for the mu-opioid receptor with IC(50) = 0.04 +/- 0.01 nM ...
Evans Karen A - - 2008
A series of amino acid anthranilamide derivatives identified from a high-throughput screening campaign as novel, potent, and glucose-sensitive inhibitors of human liver glycogen phosphorylase a are described. A solid-phase synthesis using Wang resin was also developed which provided efficient access to a variety of analogues, and resulted in the identification ...
Huang Li L Department of Surgery, Box 2926, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710-2926, - - 2008
This study discovered that glycyrrhetinic acid inhibited the human 20S proteasome at 22.3microM. Esterification of the C-3 hydroxyl group on glycyrrhetinic acid with various carboxylic acid reagents yielded a series of analogs with marked improved potency. Among the derivatives, glycyrrhetinic acid 3-O-isophthalate (17) was the most potent compound with IC(50) ...
Krauss Jürgen - - 2008
Platensimycin is a natural product isolated from various strains of Streptomyces platensis which exhibits antimicrobial activity against Gram positive bacteria, including vancomycin- and linezolide-resistant species. Analogues of platensimycin were synthesized from 3-aminobenzoic acid or other aniline derivatives and several alkyl- and aryl-carboxylic acids. The resulting compounds were tested in an ...
Mor Marco - - 2008
Alkylcarbamic acid biphenyl-3-yl esters are a class of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors that comprises cyclohexylcarbamic acid 3'-carbamoylbiphenyl-3-yl ester (URB597), a compound with analgesic, anxiolytic-like and antidepressant-like properties in rat and mouse models. Here, we extended the structure-activity relationships (SARs) for this class of compounds by replacing the cyclohexyl ...
Thota Niranjan - - 2008
Monoterpene citral and citronellal have been used as starting material for the preparation of 5,9-dimethyl-deca-2,4,8-trienoic acid amides and 9-formyl-5-methyl-deca-2,4,8-trienoic acid amides. The amides on bioevaluation as efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs) against Staphylococcus aureus 1199 and NorA overexpressing S. aureus 1199B bacteria resulted in the identification of several of these as ...
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