Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2277
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Nokes Brandon - - 2013
Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a heme precursor that may have potential applications for photodynamic detection and photodynamic therapy-based treatment of solid tumors in a variety of malignancies. ALA may have a role in other applications in surgical oncology based on its ability to discriminate neoplastic tissue from adjacent normal tissue. ...
Gabbi Chiara - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, one of the most prevalent liver disorders in Western countries, is characterized by hepatic accumulation of triglycerides. Bile acids have long been known to affect triglyceride homeostasis through a not completely understood mechanism. AIM: To analyse the effects of two different manipulations of bile acid ...
Roggen Markus M ETH Zürich, HCI H335, 8093 Zürich, - - 2012
You'll take the high road and I'll take the low road: Enantioenriched allylic thioethers have been synthesized from chiral racemic allylic alcohols. The combination of an Ir-(P,alkene) complex and dibutyl phosphoric acid are required to attain high selectivities. Mechanistic studies uncover an enantioconvergent transformation in which substrate enantiomers react along ...
Amaro Ana L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Orange-fleshed cantaloupe melons have intense aroma and flavor but are very perishable during storage life. Fresh-cut processing enhances ethylene-mediated quality losses. Post-cutting 1-methylcyclopene (1-MCP) application to fresh-cut cantaloupe was evaluated for its effects on quality attributes, phytochemical content and aroma volatiles. RESULTS: Fresh-cut cantaloupe (Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis 'Fiesta') ...
Imahori Tatsushi - - 2012
Incorporation of an azobenzene core into tethered bis(trityl alcohol) allows the photoswitchable arrangement of the two trityl alcohol units through photoisomerization of azobenzene. The differently arranged trityl alcohol units change their cooperative function to reflect the positional relationships, and thus, the activity as a cooperative acid can be controlled by ...
Bergman Sheba D - - 2012
A general directed Ru-catalyzed C(sp(3) )H α-alkylation protocol for piperidines (less-reactive substrates than the corresponding five-membered cyclic amines) has been developed. The use of a hindered alcohol (2,4-dimethyl-3-pentanol) as the solvent and catalyst activator, and a catalytic amount of trans-1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic acid is necessary to achieve a high conversion to product. ...
Castro Cristiana Cordeiro - - 2012
This study is focused on the evaluation of the impact of Saccharomyces cerevisiae metabolism in the antioxidant capacity of a synthetic wine during fermentation. A bioanalytical pipeline, which allows for biological systems fingerprinting and sample classification by combining electrochemical features with biochemical background is proposed. To achieve this objective, alcoholic ...
Mandai Hiroki - - 2012
An efficient and simple protocol for the kinetic resolution of secondary alcohols is presented. The new system is based on a combination of chiral Brønsted acid, DABCO, and acetyl chloride and gives various enantioenriched alcohols with selectivity factors up to 105.
Zavaglia Raffaele - - 2012
Furfuryl Alcohol (FA) which is derived from lignocellulosic biomass polymerizes into PolyFurfuryl Alcohol (PFA) under acidic catalysis. A greener and more sustainable catalytic route was proposed in order to replace hazardous acidic catalysts. Organically modified montmorillonite (Org-MMT) and, in comparison, sodium MMT (Na-MMT) are used to evaluate the catalytic effect ...
Lionarons Daniël A - - 2012
The apical Na(+)-dependent bile salt transporter (ASBT/SLC10A2) is essential for maintaining the enterohepatic circulation of bile salts. It is not known when Slc10a2 evolved as a bile salt transporter or how it adapted to substantial changes in bile salt structure during evolution. We characterized ASBT orthologs from two primitive vertebrates, ...
Chua Horng Ruey - - 2012
Background: The impact of hybrid dialysis therapies on amino acid (AA) balance in critically ill patients with acute kidney injury is unknown. Methods: We examined prospectively the AA balance with extended daily diafiltration (EDDF). Results: We studied 7 patients. AA clearances with EDDF ranged from 21.6 ml/min (tryptophan) to 66.9 ...
Prinsen Pepijn - - 2012
The composition of lipophilic extractives in the cortex and pith of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) stems was thoroughly studied by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The predominant compounds were fatty acids followed by sterols (in free and conjugated forms as esters and glycosides). Other steroid compounds, as steroid hydrocarbons and ketones, ...
Demetriades Marina - - 2012
Dynamic duo: The reversible reaction of boronic acids with alcohols to form boronate esters, coupled to protein mass spectrometry analyses, was used to discover potent oxygenase inhibitors. This dynamic combinatorial mass spectrometry technique could potentially be applied to the identification of other protein inhibitors.
Rowland Owen - - 2012
Primary fatty alcohols are found throughout the biological world, either in free form or in a combined state. They are common components of plant surface lipids (i.e. cutin, suberin, sporopollenin, and associated waxes) and their absence can significantly perturb these essential barriers. Fatty alcohols and/or derived compounds are also likely ...
Zheng Hongchao - - 2012
BAC to the future: Boronic acid catalysis (BAC) was applied to the direct activation of alcohols leading to the preparation of carbocycles, benzofurans, tetrahydrofurans, pyrrolidines, pyrans, piperidines, and various polycyclic compounds. The reactions proceed under mild conditions that circumvent the use of reactive leaving groups like halides.
Chen Laiguo - - 2012
The production of lead-acid battery in China covered about one-third of the world total output and there are more than 2000 lead-acid battery factories. They may cause the major environment lead pollution. Blood lead levels of several hundreds of residents were over 100μg/L due to the waste discharges from a ...
Huang Xiaoyan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are essential nutrients with anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective properties. We investigated the association of essential dietary PUFA intake, reflected by plasma fatty acid composition, with inflammation and mortality in dialysis patients.METHODS: We recruited 222 Swedish dialysis subjects (39% women) with median age of 57 years and ...
Jain Poonam - - 2012
The consumption of sports and energy drinks by children and adolescents has increased at an alarming rate in recent years. It is essential for dental professionals to be informed about the physiochemical properties of these drinks and their effects on enamel. The present study measured the fluoride levels, pH, and ...
Rasineni Karuna - - 2012
Ethanol abuse and chronic ethanol consumption remains a major public health problem and is responsible for a high rate of morbidity. Alcohol-induced fatty liver generally begins as hepatic steatosis, and if the cause persists, this invariably progresses to steatohepatitis and cirrhosis. The original biochemical explanation for an alcoholic fatty liver ...
Karjalainen Oskari K - - 2012
The vicinal amino alcohol is a common motif in natural products and pharmaceuticals. Amino acids constitute a natural, inexpensive, and enantiopure choice of starting material for the synthesis of such functionalities. However, the matters concerning diastereoselectivity are not obvious. This Perspective takes a look in the field of diastereoselective synthesis ...
Brenneis Rudolf - - 2012
The feasibility of using native lipase A from Candida antarctica (CAL-A) to esterify fatty acids with water-insoluble alcohols in the presence of excess water was investigated in stirred-tank reactors. For high reaction rates, a ratio of water:substrates of 0.6-1.4:1 (v/v) was required. CAL-A showed higher substrate selectivity for the esterification ...
Longhi-Balbinot Daniela T - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The 3β, 6β, 16β-trihydroxylup-20(29)-ene (TTHL) is a pentacyclic triterpene obtained from a medicinal plant named Combretum leprosum. In folk medicine, this plant is used to treat several diseases associated with inflammation and pain. We previously demonstrated that TTHL presents a significant antinociceptive effect, suggesting the involvement of the ...
San-Juan Felipe - - 2012
The aroma chemical composition of three sets of Spanish red wines belonging to three different price categories was studied by using an array of Gas Chromatographic methods. Significant differences were found in the levels of 72 aroma compounds. Expensive wines are richest in wood-related compounds, ethyl phenols, cysteinil-derived mercaptans, volatile ...
Gołębiowski Marek - - 2012
GC, GC-MS, and HPLC-LLSD analyses were used to identify and quantify cuticular and internal lipids in males and females of the blow-fly (Lucilia sericata). Sixteen free fatty acids, seven alcohols and cholesterol were identified and quantitatively determined in the cuticular lipids of L. sericata. Cuticular fatty acids ranged from C(6) ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of ethyl phenyl carbinyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Ethyl phenyl carbinyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with ...
Monasson Olivier - - 2012
Green glycosylation of functionalized alcohols and α-amino acids, using an ionic liquid as a recyclable solvent, was performed in one step directly from the unprotected monosaccharide under scandium triflate or ferric chloride catalysis. Pure α- and β-glycosides could be obtained after specific enzymatic hydrolysis.
Belsito D - - 2012
The Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Ester Derivatives (AAASAE) group of fragrance ingredients was critically evaluated for safety following a complete literature search of the pertinent data. For high end users, calculated maximum skin exposures vary widely from 0.01% to 4.17%. AAASAE exhibit a common route of primary metabolism by ...
Hikawa Hidemasa - - 2012
Palladium-catalyzed S-benzylation of unprotected mercaptobenzoic acids with benzyl alcohols gave only S-benzylated mercaptobenzoic acids in good yields. Water may play an important role for the smooth generation of the (η(3)-benzyl)palladium species by activation of the hydroxyl group of the benzyl alcohol.
Greabu Maria - - 2012
J Oral Pathol Med (2012) Objective:  The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the relationships between occupational exposure to mine dust, salivary antioxidants and their possible implications in the pathogenicity of different exposure diseases. Material and methods:  We studied 30 individuals with long-term occupational exposure to non-ferrous metal ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2-phenoxyethyl isobutyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2-Phenoxyethyl isobutyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of benzyl propionate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Benzyl propionate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2-(p-tolyloxy)ethyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2-(p-tolyloxy)ethyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1,3-benzodioxole-5-propanol, α-methyl-, 5-acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1,3-Benzodioxole-5-propanol, α-methyl-, 5-acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of benzyl butyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Benzyl butyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of (4-methoxyphenyl)methyl isobutyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. (4-Methoxyphenyl)methyl isobutyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of benzyl isobutyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Benzyl isobutyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of phenethyl isobutyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Phenethyl isobutyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of phenethyl butyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Phenethyl butyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
Xiao Jian - - 2012
The acid free asymmetric intermolecular α-alkylation of aldehydes with alcohols has been discovered using trifluoroethanol as solvent. This unprecedented system affords the enantioenriched functionalized primary alcohols (after NaBH(4) reduction) in high yields and good to excellent enantioselectivities with wide substrate scope in the absence of any acid additive.
Karimi Babak - - 2012
Incorporating a hydrophobic Brønsted acid ionic liquid (HBAIL) inside the nanospaces of SBA-15-Pr-SO(3)H led to a hydrophobic super Brønsted acid catalyst, which showed excellent catalytic performance in direct esterification of alcohols and carboxylic acids at ambient temperature under solvent-free conditions.
Shekhar R - - 2012
A method has been developed to improve the sensitivity of the electrolyte cathode discharge atomic emission spectrometry (ELCAD-AES) for mercury determination. Effects of various low molecular weight organic solvents at different volume percentages as well as at different acid molarities on the mercury signal were investigated using ELCAD-AES. The addition ...
Keglevich György - - 2012
It is well-known that phosphinic acids do not undergo direct esterifications with alcohols under thermal conditions. However, the esterifications take place under microwave (MW) irradiation due to the beneficial effect of MW. As a comparison, maximum 12-15% conversions were observed on traditional heating. It was proved experimentally that the MW-assisted ...
Moriyama Katsuhiko - - 2012
The Hofmann-type rearrangement of aromatic and aliphatic imides using a hypervalent iodine(III) reagent generated in situ from PhI, m-CPBA, and TsOH·H(2)O proceeded in the presence of a base in alcohol to provide anthranilic acid derivatives and amino acid derivatives in high yields, respectively. This reaction proceeds through a tandem reaction ...
Rendón Adela - - 2012
Oleic acid vesicles have been used as model systems to study the properties of membranes that could be the evolutionary precursors of more complex, stable, and impermeable phospholipid biomembranes. Pure fatty acid vesicles in general show high sensitivity to ionic strength and pH variation, but there is growing evidence that ...
Goldenberg Livnat - - 2012
The passion fruit hybrid cultivar 'Passion Dream' (PD) produces two cycles of fruiting per year, in the summer and winter. Self-hybridization of PD created various lines, including 'Ripens during Summer' (RS), which lacks the ability to abscise during winter, suggesting a seasonal non-climacteric behavior. The two lines were characterized by ...
Ciullini Ilaria - - 2012
The effects of different components of real dyeing bath formulations, such as the equalizing and fixing additives-acids, salts, and surfactants-on the decolorization catalyzed by Funalia trogii enzymatic extracts, were investigated to understand their influence on the recalcitrance to biodegradation of this type of wastewater. The decolorization of selected dyes and ...
Qin Jin-Hua - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate tea polyphenols, purine alkaloids contents of pu-erh tea (Camellia assamica) in a fermentation solid system with Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus fumigatu. In addition, the objective was to find the major intermediate product during fermentation by HPLC-MSn analysis. The results showed the change ...
Nakano Chiaki - - 2012
Streptomyces griseus contains the srs operon, which is required for phenolic lipid biosynthesis. The operon consists of srsA, srsB, and srsC, which encode a type III polyketide synthase, an O-methyltransferase, and a flavoprotein hydroxylase, respectively. We previously reported that the recombinant SrsA protein synthesized 3-(13'-methyltetradecyl)-4-methylresorcinol, using iso-C(16) fatty acyl-coenzyme A ...
da Silva José Vinicius - - 2012
In our continuous studies on the chemistry of the endophytic fungus Penicillium griseoroseum, an endophyte isolated from fruits of Coffea arabica, we isolated clavatol, a dimethylated tetraketide, and its dimer which appears to be a novel natural compound. The studies also resulted in the identification of two known tetronic acids, ...
O'Callahan D R - - 2012
Aims:  The aim of this study was to isolate lactic acid bacteria from chilli waste and evaluate metabolites produced for the ability to arrest wood decay. Methods and Results:  Using an optical density screening method, one bacterium (isolate C11) was identified as having pronounced antifungal properties against Oligoporus placenta. This ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >