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Xin Xiu Lan - - 2010
Five hydroxylated derivatives of glycyrrhetinic acid by Mucor polymorphosporus were isolated. Among them, 6beta, 7beta-dihydroxyglycyrrhentic acid (2) and 27-hydroxyglycyrrhentic acid (3) are new compounds. Their chemical structures were identified by spectral methods including 2D-NMR.
Tiainen Mika - - 2010
The one- and two-bond (13)C isotope shifts, typically -1.5 to -2.5 ppb and -0.7 ppb respectively, in non-cyclic aliphatic systems and up to -4.4 ppb and -1.0 ppb in glucose cause effects that need to be taken into account in the adaptive NMR spectral library-based quantification of the isotopomer mixtures. ...
Kihampa Charles - - 2010
The clerodane diterpenoids trans-kolavenolic acid, 18-oxocleroda-3,13(E)-dien-15-oic acid, ent-(18-hydroxycarbonyl)-cleroda-3,13(E)-dien-15-oate, 2-oxo-ent-cleroda-3,13(Z)-dien-15-oic acid and trans-2-oxo-ent-cleroda-13(Z)-en-15-oic acid, and the chlorobenzenoid O-(3-hydroxy-4-hydroxycarbonyl-5-pentylphenyl)-3-chloro-4-methoxy-6-pentyl-2-oxybenzoic acid were isolated from Tessmannia martiniana var pauloi and T. martiniana var matiniana. Structures were established based on interpretation of spectroscopic data. Some of the compounds exhibited significant antimosquito, antifungal and antibacterial activities.
Cunha Wilson R - - 2010
The methylene chloride extract of Miconia ligustroides (DC.) Naudin (Melastomataceae), the isolated compounds ursolic and oleanolic acids and a mixture of these acids, and ursolic acid derivatives were evaluated against the following microorganisms: Bacillus cereus (ATCC 14579), Vibrio cholerae (ATCC 9458), Salmonella choleraesuis (ATCC 10708), Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 10031), and ...
Fan Li - - 2010
Two new 27-hydroxyoleanolic acid type triterpenoid saponins were isolated from the rhizomes of Anemone raddeana Regel. The structures of the two compounds were elucidated as 27-hydroxyoleanolic acid 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl (1 --> 2)-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside (1) and 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1 --> 2)[beta-D-glucopyranosyl (1 --> 4)]-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-27-hydroxyoleanolic acid 28-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1 --> 4)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl (1 --> 6)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2) on ...
Kodai Tetsuya - - 2010
A novel cycloartane-type triterpenoid was isolated from the fruits of Nandina domestica (Berberidaceae). The structure was characterized as 24-methylene-3-oxocycloartane 13-carboxylic acid on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data.
Mimura Akinori - - 2010
Three conjugates of the abscisic acid derivative (2Z,4E)-5-[(1S,3S,5R,8S)-3,8-dihydroxy-1,5-dimethyl-7-oxo-6-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-8-yl]-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid and phenolic glucosides (1-3), and an eremophilane-type sesquiterpene glucoside (4), along with ten known compounds, were isolated from the roots of Lindera strychnifolia. The structures of all compounds were elucidated by means of spectroscopic analysis, and by application of the modified ...
Sahranavard Shamim - - 2010
Phytochemical investigation of the chloroform extract of BRYONIA ASPERA roots resulted in the isolation and structure elucidation of two new cucurbitacins (1, 2) together with eight known cucurbitane derivatives (6-13), the pentacyclic triterpene bryonolic acid (5) and two hydroxybenzoic acid amides (3, 4). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, ...
Wang Wei - - 2010
Five ursane type triterpene glucosyl esters including a new one, 2alpha,3beta-dihydroxyurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1) were isolated from the bark of Terminalia arjuna, along with two known phenolic compounds. It is the first report of ursane type triterpenoids from this species.
Tuberoso Carlo I G - - 2010
Strawberry tree honey, due to its characteristic bitter taste, is one of the most typical Mediterranean honeys, with Sardinia being one of the largest producers. According to specific chemical studies, homogentisic acid was identified as a possible marker of this honey. This work, based on HPLC-DAD-MS/MS analysis of strawberry tree ...
Rollinger Judith M - - 2010
The inhibition of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11beta-HSD1), which catalyzes the conversion of inactive 11-ketoglucocorticoids to active 11beta-hydroxyglucocorticoids, emerged as promising strategy to treat symptoms of the metabolic syndrome, including obesity and type 2 diabetes. In this study the leaves of the anti-diabetic medicinal plant loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) were phytochemically investigated ...
Ivanova Lada - - 2010
Taxa of the Alternaria infectoria species group are the predominant Alternaria spp. found in cereals in Northern Europe. While several pyrones have been isolated from A. infectoria and described as taxonomical markers for species identification, information about the bioactivity of metabolites from the fungus is missing. Bioassay-guided fractionation of rice ...
Liu Lin - - 2010
Pectins were extracted from mulberry branch bark, a byproduct of the sericulture industry. A single-factor experiment was used to optimize the production conditions. Under optimal conditions, the galacturonic acid yields from bark with and without epidermis were 61.73 + or - 1.39% and 35.12 + or - 0.24%, respectively. The ...
Jang Dae Sik - - 2010
In our ongoing project directed toward the discovery of novel treatments for diabetic complications from herbal medicines, sixteen compounds including three caffeoylquinic acids and four flavonoids were isolated from an EtOAc-soluble extract of the stems and leaves of Erigeron annuus. All the isolates were evaluated in vitro for inhibitory activity ...
Yang Yu - - 2010
A new C₉ monoterpenoid acid (litseacubebic acid, 1) and a known monoterpene lactone (6R)-3,7-dimethyl-7-hydroxy-2-octen-6-olide (2), along with three known compounds--vanillic acid (3), trans-3,4,5-trimethoxylcinnamyl alcohol (4), and oxonantenine (5)--were isolated with bioassay-guided purification from the fruit extract of Litsea cubeba collected in Tibet. The structure of 1 was elucidated by MS, ...
Zhao Jianglin - - 2010
Three steroids and one nordammarane triterpenoid were isolated for the first time from the endophytic fungus Pichia guilliermondii Ppf9 derived from the medicinal plant Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. By means of physicochemical and spectrometric analysis, they were identified as ergosta-5,7,22-trienol (1), 5α,8α-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3β-ol (2), ergosta-7,22-dien-3β,5α,6β-triol (3), and helvolic acid (4). Both ...
Wang Ru-Feng - - 2010
A new natural product named trolliamide was isolated from Trollius chinensis Bunge. Its structure was determined as 2-hydroxy-tetracosanoic acid(2,3-dihydroxy-1-hydroxymethyl-heptadec-7-enyl)-amide by spectroscopic methods, including UV, IR, MS and NMR. This is the first report of a ceramide isolated from Trollius chinensis.
Ahmad Faujan Bin H - - 2010
An easy and efficient strategy to prepare betulinic acid esters with various anhydrides was used by the enzymatic synthesis method. It involves lipase-catalyzed acylation of betulinic acid with anhydrides as acylating agents in organic solvent. Lipase from Candida antarctica immobilized on an acrylic resin (Novozym 435) was employed as a ...
Niu Hong-Mei - - 2010
Repeated column chromatography of the EtOAc-soluble fraction of the aerial parts of Dodonaea viscosa led to the isolation of two new modified clerodanes, methyl dodovisate A (1) and methyl dodovisate B (2), two new prenylated flavonoids, 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3',5'-di(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-3,6-dimethoxyflavone (10) and 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-3'-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbutyl)-5'-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-3,6-dimethoxyflavone (11), together with eight known compounds, dodonic acid (3), hautriwaic ...
Akihisa Toshihiro - - 2010
The content and composition of triterpene alcohol fractions of the non-saponifiable lipids (NSL) along with the fatty acid composition of the kernel fats (n-hexane extracts) of the shea tree (Vitellaria paradoxa; Sapotaceae) were determined for 36 samples from seven sub-Saharan countries: Cote d' Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroun, Chad, Sudan, and ...
Su Shulan - - 2010
Shaofu Zhuyu decoction is a famous formula for treating primary dysmenorrhea in China since the Qing dynasty. In this paper, the inhibitory effects of active-guided fraction and its main bioactive components of Shaofu Zhuyu decoction on a model of non-pregnant mice uterine contraction induced by oxytocin in vitro were investigated. ...
Xu Yong-Jiang - - 2010
A phytochemical investigation of the roots of Chloranthus anhuiensis afforded three new sesquiterpene lactones, chloraniolide A (1), (3R)-3-hydroxyatractylenolide III (2), and 8beta-hydroxy-1-oxoeudesma-3,7(11)-dien-12,8alpha-olide (3), and two new diterpenoids, (12R,13E)-15-(acetoxy)-12-hydroxylabda-8(20),13-dien-19-oic acid (4) and (12S,13E)-15-(acetoxy)-12-dihydroxylabda-8(20),13-dien-19-oic acid (5), as well as 17 known sesquiterpenoid and diterpenoid compounds. Their structures were established on the basis ...
Costero Ana María - - 2010
The reactivity of dianions of carboxylic acids towards aziridines has been studied. Although, a similar reactivity to that of enolates from ketones, esters or amides has been observed, the method directly yields g-aminoacids in one step. The method is complementary of previous results of enenediolate reactivity with other electrophiles. A ...
Schnitzler Paul - - 2010
Aqueous and ethanol extracts of propolis were analysed phytochemically and examined for their antiviral activity in vitro. Different polyphenols, flavonoids and phenylcarboxylic acids were identified as major constituents. The antiviral effect of propolis extracts and selected constituents, e.g. caffeic acid (1), p-coumaric acid (2), benzoic acid (3), galangin (4), pinocembrin ...
Park Sang Hyouk - - 2010
A new norlupane-triterpene, 3alpha,11alpha-dihydroxy-20,23-dioxo-30-norlupane-28-oic acid (1), and four known compounds; 3alpha,11alpha-dihydroxy-23-oxo-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid (2), 3alpha,11alpha-dihydroxylup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid (3), ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid (4), and betulabuside B (5) were isolated from the methanolic extract of the leaves of Acanthopanax koreanum. Their chemical structures were elucidated by mass, 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy. To investigate the bioactivities ...
Sari Aynur - - 2010
A phytochemical investigation of Scorzonera veratrifolia Fenzl (Asteraceae) yielded two new 3-benzylphthalides, scorzoveratrin (1) and scorzoveratrozit (2), together with five known compounds, chlorogenic acid (3), chlorogenic acid methyl ester (4), cryptochlorogenic acid (5), 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (6) and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (7). All secondary metabolites were assigned using physicochemical and spectroscopic data. ...
Meyer Matthew M - - 2009
Five CHB(11)X(6)Y(5)(-) carborane anions from the series X = Br, Cl, I and Y = H, Cl, CH(3) were generated by electrospray ionization, and their reactivity with a series of Br?nsted acids and electron transfer reagents were examined in the gas phase. The undecachlorocarborane acid, H(CHB(11)Cl(11)), was found to be ...
Saepou Siriporn - - 2010
Bioassay-guided fractionation and purification of the anti-HIV-1-active MeOH extract from the leaves and twigs of Polyalthia sclerophylla led to the isolation of two new compounds, ENT-kaur-sclerodimer ( 1) and cyclotucanol 3-palmitate ( 2), along with the known ENT-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid ( 3), 15 beta-hydroxy- ENT-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid ( 4), 15 beta-acetoxy- ENT-kaur-16-en-19-oic ...
Michalska Klaudia - - 2010
From roots of Taraxacum udum, two new and four known sesquiterpene lactones were isolated, together with five known phenolic compounds. The new compounds were characterized as 11beta, 13-dihydrotaraxinic acid and taraxinic acid 6-O-acetyl-beta-glucopyranosyl ester by spectroscopic methods, especially 1D and 2D NMR, and by comparison with structurally related compounds. The ...
Tang Jin-shan - - 2009
Three new phenylpropanoid-substituted epicatechin glycosides, namely parabarosides A - C ( 1- 3), together with three known compounds, 5-caffeoylquinic acid (4), 5-caffeoylshikimic acid (5), and 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid (6), were obtained from the plant Parabarium huaitingii. Their structures were determined and full assignments of (1)H- and (13)C-NMR spectroscopic data were achieved ...
Piovano Marisa - - 2009
The phytochemical study of Mimulus glabratus A.Gray allowed the isolation of two cyclohexenones: the new compound 6-chlorohalleridone 1 and halleridone 2. Halleridone was also identified in Mimulus luteus L., together with dihydroalleridone 3, the naphtoquinone alpha-dunnione 4, ursolic acid and beta-sitosterol.
Yan Jian - - 2009
Seven new serratene triterpenoids, 3alpha,21beta,29-trihydroxy-16-oxoserrat-14-en-24-oic acid (1), 3beta,21beta,29-trihydroxy-16-oxoserrat-14-en-24-oic acid (2), 3beta,21beta,29-trihydroxyserrat-14-en-24-oic acid 3beta-(4-hydroxybenzoate) (3), 3beta,21beta,29-trihydroxyserrat-14-en-24-oic acid 3beta-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoate) (4), 3beta,14alpha,15alpha,21beta,29-pentahydroxyserrat-14-en-24-oic acid 3beta-(4-hydroxybenzoate) (5), 3alpha,21beta,24,29-tetrahydroxyserrat-14-en-16-one (6), 3alpha,21beta,30-trihydroxyserrat-14-en-16-one (7) were isolated from Palhinhaea cernua var. sikkimensis, together with twelve known compounds (8-19). Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic evidence ...
Angawi Rihab F - - 2009
The chlorinated polyene aurantoic acid (1) and the 4-methylene sterol dehydroconicasterol (2) were isolated from the Indonesian sponge Theonella swinhoei, and their structures were elucidated by interpretation of spectroscopic data. Aurantoic acid is a unique member in the class of naturally occurring conjugated polyene derivatives, while dehydroconicasterol is the likely ...
Lee Mi Kyeong - - 2009
In the course of screening antifibrotic activity of natural products employing HSC-T6, a rat hepatic stellate cell line, as an in vitro assay system, the methanolic extract of aerial parts of Euscaphis japonica (Tunb.) Kantiz (Staphyleaceae) showed significant inhibitory activity on HSC proliferation. Activity-guided fractionation led to the isolation of ...
Yang Nian-Yun - - 2009
Chemical investigation of Trogopterus feces has led to the isolation of four new long-chain aliphatics, including two new fatty alcohols, 8,15-nonacosanediol (1) and 6,13-nonacosanediol (2), one new fatty acid ester, dihexyl 7,7'-oxydiheptanoate (3), and one new ceramide, (2R)-2-hydroxy-N-[(2S,3S,4R,11E)-1,3,4-trihydroxydocos-11-en-2-yl]heneicosanamide (4). Their structures were elucidated by means of chemical and extensive spectroscopic ...
Arevalo Carolina - - 2009
The alkaloid magnoflorine 1, has been isolated for the first time from Croton xalapensis (Euphorbiaceae), in addition two phenylpropenols derivates, 3,4-dimethoxy-(E)-cinnamyl alcohol 2 and 3,4-dimethoxy-5-hydroxy-(E)-cinnamyl alcohol 3, 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamic acid 4, gallic acid 5, methyl gallate 6 and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid 7 have been also found; these compounds were identified by spectroscopic ...
Yang Nian-Yun - - 2010
Chemical investigation of Trogopterus Feces has led to the isolation of two new isopimarane diterpenes, wulingzhic acid A (1) and wulingzhic acid B (2). Their structures were elucidated by chemical and extensive spectral analysis. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited weak activity of antithrombin and moderate activity of antiplatelet aggregation in ...
Hua Yingqi - - 2011
This study was undertaken to investigate the inhibitory effects of triterpenoid compound oleanolic acid and its synthetic derivatives on osteosarcoma cells in order to identify new therapeutic candidates for the treatment of this disease. We used the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2 thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay to assess the effect of oleanolic acid compounds ...
Li Jing - - 2010
Two new nortriterpenoids, pfaffine A and B (1- 2), were isolated from the roots of Pfaffia paniculata Kuntze, along with ten known compounds including four ecdysteroids, ecdysone (3), 20-hydroxyecdysone (4), pterosterone (5), rapisterone (6), five triterpenoids, pfaffic acid (7), pfameric acid (8), mesembryanthemoidigenic acid (9), calenduloside E 6'-methyl ester (10), ...
Otálvaro Felipe - - 2010
Biosynthetic O-methylation at various sites along the backbone of inducible phenylphenalenones in Musaacuminata var. "Williams" (Musaceae) and Wachendorfiathyrsiflora (Haemodoraceae) was investigated using 13C-labelled precursors. The inducibility of O-methylated metabolites was demonstrated in both species and the origin of methoxyl group from [methyl-13C]L-methionine was confirmed. In addition to known phenylphenalenones, a ...
Kuigoua Guy Merlin - - 2010
Four new iridoids viz., plumeridoids A, B, and C and epiplumeridoid C were isolated from the stem bark of Plumeria rubra Linn. together with twenty-four known compounds viz., 1-( P-hydroxyphenyl)propan-1-one, isoplumericin, plumericin, dihydroplumericin, allamcin, fulvoplumerin, allamandin, plumieride, P- E-coumaric acid, 2,6-dimethoxy- P-benzoquinone, scopoletin, cycloart-25-en-3 beta,24-diol, 2,4,6-trimethoxyaniline, ajunolic acid, ursolic acid, ...
Tripathi Ashootosh - - 2010
Hantupeptins B (2) and C (3) were isolated, along with the previously reported hantupeptin A (1), from the marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya majuscula, collected from Pulau Hantu Besar, Singapore. Their structures were elucidated by interpretation of extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. Compounds 2 and 3 are cyclic depsipeptides consisting ...
Kurek Anna - - 2010
The plant pentacyclic triterpenoids, oleanolic and ursolic acids, inhibit the growth and survival of many bacteria, particularly Gram-positive species, including pathogenic ones. The effect of these compounds on the facultative human pathogen Listeria monocytogenes was examined. Both acids affected cell morphology and enhanced autolysis of the bacterial cells. Autolysis of ...
Fan Li - - 2010
Two new 27-hydroxyoleanolic acid-type triterpenoid saponins, raddeanoside Ra (1) and raddeanoside Rb (2), were isolated from the rhizome of Anemone raddeana Regel. The structures of the two compounds were elucidated to be 27-hydroxyoleanolic acid 3-O-beta-D: -glucopyranosyl-(1 --> 4)-alpha-L: -arabinopyranoside (1) and 27-hydroxyoleanolic acid 3-O-alpha-L: -arabinopyranosyl-(1 --> 3)-alpha-L: -rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 2)-alpha- ...
Chang Perng-Kuang - - 2009
Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) is an indole-tetramic acid neurotoxin produced by some of the same strains of A. flavus that produce aflatoxins and by some Aspergillus oryzae strains. Despite its discovery 40 years ago, few reviews of its toxicity and biosynthesis have been reported. This review examines what is currently known ...
Lee Tzong-Huei - - 2009
Three new clerodane-type diterpenes, 6alpha,16-dihydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15-oic acid (1), 6alpha,16-dihydroxycleroda-4(18),13-dien-15-oic acid (2), and 4alpha,18beta-epoxy-16-hydroxyclerod-13-en-15-oic acid (3), and four new protoberberine alkaloids, (-)-8-oxo-10-hydroxy-2,3,9-trimethoxyberberine (4), (-)-8-oxo-2,11-dihydroxy-3,10-dimethoxyberberine (5), (-)-8-oxo-11-hydroxy-2,3,9,10-tetramethoxyberberine (6), and (-)-8-oxo-2,10-dihydroxy-3,9,11-trimethoxyberberine (7), together with 11 known substances, were isolated from a methanol extract of the stems of Polyalthia longifolia var. pendula. The structures of ...
Wang Xiao-Fei - - 2009
Two new secoiridoid glycosides, oleuricines A (1) and B (2), together with five known triterpenoids, beta-amyrin, oleanolic acid, erythrodiol, urs-2beta,3beta-dihydroxy-12-en-28-oic acid, and beta-maslinic acid, were isolated from the EtOAc-soluble part of EtOH extract of the leaves of Olea europaea L. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by various spectroscopic ...
Braguine Caio G - - 2009
Chemical investigation of the EtOAc fraction (EF) obtained from the ethanolic extract of Zanthoxylum naranjillo (Rutaceae) leaves (EE) by preparative HPLC resulted in the isolation of protocatechuic acid (1), gallic acid (2), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (3), and 5-O-caffeoylshikimic acid (4). This is the first time that the presence of compounds 1-4 ...
Petronelli Alessia - - 2009
Triterpenoids are structurally diverse organic compounds, characterized by a basic backbone modified in multiple ways, allowing the formation of more than 20 000 naturally occurring triterpenoid varieties. Several triterpenoids, including ursolic and oleanolic acid, betulinic acid, celastrol, pristimerin, lupeol, and avicins possess antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties. To improve antitumor activity, ...
Kanrar Bappaditya - - 2009
The photolysis of a rice herbicide Bispyribac sodium (Sodium 2, 6-bis [(4, 6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl) oxy] benzoate) has been studied in different aqueous medium (distilled water, pond water and Irrigation water) under the influence of UV (lambda max > or = 250 nm) and sunlight in presence or absence of sensitizers (TiO(2) ...
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