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Yang Yuyi - - 2011
The performance of unmodified and cetyldimethylethyl ammonium bromide (CDAB) modified nonviable Aspergillus oryzae for removal of Acid Blue 25 (AB 25) and Acid Red 337 (AR 337) was investigated in single and binary systems. In single system, the biosorption capacities of CDAB-modified biosorbent reached 160.36 and 280.39mgg(-1) for AB 25 ...
Tayel Ahmed A - - 2011
The waste biomass of Aspergillus niger, following citric acid production, was used as a source for fungal chitosan extraction. The produced chitosan was characterized with deacetylation degree of 89.6%, a molecular weight of 25,000dalton, 97% solubility in 1% acetic acid solution and comparable FT-IR spectra to standard shrimp chitosan. Fungal ...
Móricz Agnes M - - 2011
The influence of monomethylated basic amino acids [NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (MMA) and Nepsilon-monomethyl-L-lysine (MML)] and ozone capturers (indigo carmine, d-limonene) on the antibacterial effect of the mycotoxins aflatoxins B1, B2, G1 and G2 was studied in BioArena, which is a complex bioautographic system especially suitable for investigating biochemical interactions. In the presence ...
Hadders-Algra Mijna - - 2011
It takes >20 y before the human brain obtains its complex adult configuration. Most dramatic neurodevelopmental changes occur prenatally and early postnatally, including a major transformation in cortical organization 3-4 mo after term. The long-lasting changes have practical implications for studies evaluating the effect of prenatal and early postnatal supplementation ...
Jiang Yijiao - - 2011
Further progress in the field of heterogeneous catalysis depends on our knowledge of the nature and behavior of surface sites on solid catalysts and of the mechanisms of chemical reactions catalyzed by these materials. In the past decades, solid-state NMR spectroscopy has been developed to an important tool for routine ...
Venkateswara Rao Gottumukkala - - 2011
Bioassay-guided isolation of methanolic extract of the leaves of Origanum vulgare Linn., yielded two protocatechuic acid ester derivatives, origanol A (1) and origanol B (2) along with ursolic acid (3), oleanolic acid (4), β-sitosterol (5), and triacontanol (6). Structures of the compound were established based on physical and spectral data ...
Patere S N - - 2011
The hypothesis that excessive intake of vegetable oil containing polyunsaturated fatty acids and iron load precipitate alcohol-induced liver damage was investigated in a rat model. In order to elucidate the mechanism underlying this synergism, the serum levels of iron, total protein, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase, liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, ...
Saaby Lasse - - 2011
A previously published systematic review and a metaanalysis have concluded that the consumption of standardized rose hip powder (Rosa canina L.) can reduce pain in osteoarthritis patients. Synovial inflammation has been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis and mainly to involve infiltration of the synovial ...
Kirmizibekmez Hasan - - 2011
An activity guided isolation of the H(2)O subextract of the crude extract of Melampyrum arvense L. afforded iridoid glucosides: aucubin (1), melampyroside (2), mussaenoside (3), mussaenosidic acid (4), 8-epi-loganin (5); flavonoids: apigenin (6), luteolin (7), luteolin 7-O-β-glucopyranoside (8); a lignan glycoside dehydrodiconiferyl alcohol 9-O-β-glucopyranoside (9); and benzoic acid (10). β-Sitosterol ...
Frontana-Uribe Bernardo Antonio - - 2011
From the aerial parts of Salvia mexicana var. mexicana, two C-10 epimers (α and β) of salvimexicanolide were isolated. Our interpretation of the data, especially the 13C NMR, led us to conclude that the previously described 13C-NMR spectrum of the α-epimer was not accurately assigned and it actually corresponds to ...
Dabbou Samia - - 2011
With the aim to select new olive cultivars with superior physical and chemical properties than the cultivar Chemlali Sfax, the present study focused on the comparison of the chemical composition and the sensory profile of the virgin olive oils (VOOs) of two wild olive trees (Oleasters K and M) with ...
Kubo Isao - - 2011
The effects of anacardic acids and cardols isolated from the cashew nut and apple Anacardium occidentale (Anacardiaceae) on murine B16-F10 melanoma cells were tested. Although anacardic acids and cardols were found to inhibit tyrosinase, a key enzyme in melanin synthesis, melanogenesis in melanocytes was not suppressed in cultured cells but ...
Falletta Ermelinda - - 2011
One of the strategic building blocks in organic synthesis is 3-hydroxypropionic acid, which is particularly important for the manufacture of high performance polymers. However, to date, despite many attempts using both biological and chemical routes, no large scale effective process for manufacturing 3-hydroxypropionic acid has been developed. One potentially useful ...
Fu Shao-Bin - - 2011
Endophytic fungi were used not only for their producing bioactive products but also for their ability to transform natural compounds. An endophytic fungus, isolated from medicinal plant Huperzia serrata, was identified as Umbelopsis isabellina based on the internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA (rDNA-ITS) region. It was used to transform ...
Brzezińska-Rodak Małgorzata - - 2011
Several fungal strains, namely Bauveria bassiana, Cuninghamella echinulata, Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium crustosum and Cladosporium herbarum, were used as biocatalysts to resolve racemic mixtures of 1-aminoethanephosphonic acid using L/D amino acid oxidase activity. The course of reaction was analyzed by 31P-NMR in the presence of cyclodextrin used as chiral discriminating agent. ...
Shri Richa - - 2010
The present investigation was carried out with a view to separate bioactive constituent from Aethusa cynapium. Bioactivity guided fractionation of the anxiolytic methanol extract has led to the isolation of a novel unsaturated fatty acid. Structure of the acid characterized by UV, IR, 1H NMR, C13 NMR, MS techniques was ...
Gohari Ahmad R - - 2010
The genus Salvia (Lamiaceae) contains more than 50 shrub species in Iran, and Salvia limbata C.A. Meyer grows widely in the north and central parts of the country. Six flavones and rosmarinic acid were isolated from the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the flowered aerial parts of S. limbata ...
Bartók T - - 2010
The aim of this study was to apply RP-HPLC/ESI-ITMS and RP-HPLC/ESI-TOFMS to investigate and characterise six new higher molecular weight fumonisins (three pairs of isomers) extracted from a Fusarium verticillioides-infected solid rice culture. The ITMS and ITMS² spectra clearly indicated the m/z values (960, 984 and 986) of the protonated ...
Saba Nikhat - - 2010
A triterpenoid saponin, guaianin O (1), oleanolic acid 3-O-{α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 3)]-α-L-arabinopyranoside}-28- O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl]-ester, was isolated from the n-butanol extract of flowers of Guaiacum officinale L. The structural elucidation of 1 was accomplished by extensive studies of both one and two dimensional ¹H, ¹³C-NMR spectra, the FAB mass spectrum, and ...
Rossignoli Araceli E - - 2011
The possibility and effectiveness of microencapsulation of okadaic acid (OA) in gelatin-acacia microcapsules has been studied. The encapsulation efficiency was higher than 33%. The microcapsules were shown to be very stable, not leaching more than 9% of the encapsulated OA in a 20-h period. OA from the microcapsules was absorbed ...
Chen Jia - - 2011
Four new ( 1- 4) and two known compounds ( 5, 6) were isolated from the aerial parts of ARAUCARIA CUNNINGHAMII. By analysis of UV, IR, MS, and NMR, the new compounds were identified as ENT-19-( Z)-coumaroyloxylabda-8(17),13(16),14-triene ( 1), ENT-19-( E)-coumaroyloxylabda-8(17),13(16),14-triene ( 2), shikimic acid N-butyl ester ( 3), and ...
Wang Chang-Yun - - 2011
Two new eicosanoids with a unique isovalerianic acid ester group at C-12, named dichotellates A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the gorgonian Dichotella gemmacea collected from the South China Sea using bioassay-guided fractionation. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analysis including one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional ...
Choi Jae-Hoon - - 2010
Five fatty acid amides, termitomycamides A to E (1 to 5), were isolated from the giant edible mushroom Termitomyces titanicus. The structures of 1-5 were determined by the interpretation of spectral data and/or synthesis. Compounds 2 and 5 showed protective activity against endoplasmic reticulum stress-dependent cell death.
García-Álvarez Isabel - - 2011
Oleyl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-α-D-glucopyranoside (1) was previously shown to exhibit antimitotic activity on glioma (C6) and melanoma (A375) cell lines. Preliminary studies about its mechanism of action using (1)H MAS NMR suggested that 1 may be altering the metabolism of lipids. We have now studied the effect of 1 on the fatty ...
De Souza P A - - 2010
Phytochemical and biological studies carried out on Copaifera species showed that their oleoresins and isolated compounds have various biological activities. The aims of this work were (i) to analyse the Copaifera oleoresin by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, (ii) to isolate the diterpenic acids from this oleoresin by high-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) ...
Nassar Mahmoud I - - 2010
Myrtus species are characterized by the presence of phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, volatile oils and fatty acids. They are remedies for variety of ailments. This study therefore investigated medicinal effects of Myrtus communis L. Bioactivity studies of Myrtus communis L. leaves were carried out on volatile oil, 7% methanol and ...
Reyes Blanca M - - 2010
Three new friedelane-type triterpenes, 1,2-dehydro-2,3-secofriedelan-3-oic acid (1), 1β-hydroxyfriedelin (2), and 3β-hydroxyfriedelan-23-oic acid (3), and the known compounds friedelin-3,4-lactone (4), acetyl aleuritolic acid (5), 4-hydroxy-5-propionyl-1,3-di-O-methylpyrogallol, elemicin, and (-)-syringaresinol were isolated from the leaves of Garcia parviflora. The structures of 1-3 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR, HREIMS, ...
Cabanillas Billy Joel - - 2010
Three new caffeic acid esters (1-3), four new lignans (4-7), and the known compounds (7'S)-parabenzlactone (8), dihydrocubebin (9), and justiflorinol (10) have been isolated from leaves of Piper sanguineispicum. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR, HRCIMS, CD experiments, and chemical methods. Compounds 1-10 were ...
Arrau Sylvia - - 2011
Quillaja saponaria bark contains a high percentage of triterpene saponins and has been used for centuries as a cleansing and analgesic agent in Chilean folk medicine. The topical and systemic analgesic effects of a commercial partially purified saponin extract, 3β,16α-dihydroxy-23-oxoolean-12-en-28-oic acid (quillaic acid), methyl 3β,16α-dihydroxy-23-oxoolean-12-en-28-oate and methyl 4-nor-3,16-dioxoolean-12-en-28-oate. The samples ...
Zhang Ying-lao - - 2011
Two main phytotoxic and antifungal phthalic acid butyl isobutyl ester (1) and radicinin (2) were isolated from the culture of Curvularia sp. FH01, a fungus residing in the Atractomorpha sinensis gut. The structures of isolated metabolites were established on the basis of spectral analysis. Metabolites 1 and 2 exhibited significant ...
Choi Yeon Hee - - 2010
Three new triterpenoid saponins, platyconic acid B lactone (1), deapio-platyconic acid B lactone (2), and deapio-platycodin D(2) (3), together with 17 known triterpenoid saponins, were isolated from a root extract of Platycodon grandiflorum. The structures of 1-3 were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation and chemical transformation. Saponins ...
Ali Muhammad Shaiq - - 2010
The ethanolic extract of the leaves of Clerodendrum formicarum, a Lameacious plant of Cameroon, afforded two new salicylic acid derivatives named formoic acids A and B along with four known constituents which have been obtained for the first time from this source. They include flemingipanic acid, martynoside, verbascoside, and seguinoside ...
Passero Luiz Felipe D - - 2011
Species of Baccharis exhibit antibiotic, antiseptic, wound-healing, and anti-protozoal properties, and have been used in the traditional medicine of South America for the treatment of several diseases. In the present work, the fractionation of EtOH extract from aerial parts of Baccharis uncinella indicated that the isolated compounds caffeic acid and ...
Zhao Zhimin - - 2010
From the 1-BuOH-soluble fraction of a MeOH extract of leaves of Schefflera arboricola, collected in Okinawa, six new lupane glucosides, named schefflerins A-F (1-6) and one new dammarane glucoside, named schefflerin G (7), were isolated together with three known compounds, citroside A (8), and oleanane saponins, oleanolic acid (9) and ...
Teng Jie - - 2010
A new labdanic norditerpene and six known labdanic diterpenes were isolated from the petroleum ether extract of the needles of Pinus sylvestris. By spectroscopic methods, the isolated compounds were determined as 15-norpinifolic acid (1), pinifolic acid (2), 4-eplimbricataloic acid (3), monomethyl pinifolate (4), 18α-acetoxylabd-8(17)-en-15-oic acid (5), 2-pentenoic acid (6) and ...
Ma Chunhui C Department of Biological Sciences, Lehman College and The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, 250 Bedford Park Boulevard West, Bronx, New York - - 2010
Fruit of the cultivated eggplant species Solanum melongena, Solanum aethiopicum, and Solanum macrocarpon, and wild relatives including Solanum anguivi and Solanum incanum, have a high content of hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates with potential human health benefits. Typically, caffeoylquinic acid esters predominate, and in particular 5-O-(E)-caffeoylquinic acid. By contrast, fruit from accession ...
Cheng Jing-Jy - - 2010
Six hexacyclic triterpene acids (1-6), named euscaphic acids A-F, and eight known triterpene acid compounds (7-14) were isolated from an ethanolic extract of twigs of Euscaphis japonica. Compounds 8 and 10 were isolated for the first time from a natural source. Triterpenes 1-6 possess hexacyclic skeletons with a 13α,27-cyclopropane ring. ...
Yin Sheng - - 2010
Four new brominated natural products, caelestines A-D (1-4), have been isolated from the Australian ascidian Aplidium caelestis. The structures of 1-4 were determined by analysis of their NMR and MS data. This is the first report of brominated quinolinecarboxylic acids from nature. Compound 1 has been previously synthesized but not ...
Liu J - - 2011
Aims:  Betulinic acid has attracted attention in terms of its important biological and pharmacological characteristics. The main objective of this work was to optimize the variables of biotransformation process in order to enhance betulinic acid production from betulin catalysed by fungus Armillaria luteo-virens Sacc ZJUQH100-6. Methods and Results:  Fractional factorial ...
Lambert Lynette K - - 2010
Investigation of chemical constituents from the bark of Durio carinatus has led to the isolation of three lignans, boehmenan X (1), threo-carolignan X (2), and erythro-carolignan X (3), together with the three known lignans boehmenan, threo-carolignan E, and erythro-carolignan E. The bark of D. oxleyanus yielded two new lignan ethers, ...
Kwon Seong-Hyuk - - 2010
Ursolic acid (3β-hydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid) is a major biological active component of Corni fructus that is known to induce apoptosis. However, the apoptotic mechanism of ursolic acid using primary malignant tumor (RC-58T/h/SA#4)-derived human prostate cells is not known. In the present study, ursolic acid significantly inhibited the growth of RC-58T/h/SA#4 cells ...
Yoon M-Y - - 2010
This study is aiming at characterizing antifungal substances from the methanol extract of Prunella vulgaris and at investigating those substances' antifungal and antioomycete activities against various plant pathogens. Two polyacetylenic acids were isolated from P. vulgaris as active principles and identified as octadeca-9,11,13-triynoic acid and trans-octadec-13-ene-9,11-diynoic acid. These two compounds ...
Zheng Zong-Ping - - 2010
Two sulfur-containing compounds, (S)-2-amino-5-((R)-1-carboxy-2-((E)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)allylthio)ethyl-amino)-5-oxopentanoic acid (1) and (S)-2-amino-5-((R)-1-(carboxymethylamino)-3-((E)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)allylthio)-1-oxopropan-2-ylamino)-5-oxopentanoic acid (2), and one 1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid derivative, 6-(3-(1H-pyrrole-2-carbonyloxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-carboxylic acid (3), together with eighteen known phenolic compounds, were isolated from the fruits of pineapple. Their structures were elucidated by a combination of spectroscopic analyses. Some of these compounds showed inhibitory activities against tyrosinase. ...
Li Tzu-Hsuan - - 2011
Poria cocos, Bai Fu Ling in Chinese, is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat diabetes. However, its claimed benefits and mechanism are not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate the effect and action of P. cocos on type 2 diabetes. We first performed phytochemical analysis on the crude ...
Rasmussen R R - - 2011
Penicillium roqueforti, Penicillium paneum, Monascus ruber, Alternaria tenuissima, Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium avenaceum, Byssochlamys nivea and Aspergillus fumigatus have previously been identified as major fungal contaminants of Danish maize silage. In the present study their metabolite production and in vitro cytotoxicity have been determined for fungal agar and silage extracts. All ...
Ono Masateru - - 2011
Alkaline hydrolysis of the ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction of the seeds of Quamoclit × multifida (syn. Q. sloteri House, Convolvulaceae), a hybrid between Q. pennat and Q. coccinea, gave three new glycosidic acids (maltifidinic acids C, D, and E) along with three known glycosidic acids (quamoclinic acids B, C, and D) ...
Guinda Angeles - - 2010
This work establishes a new procedure for the extraction and analysis of pentacyclic triterpenes, with which fruits and leaves from three Spanish olive cultivars ("Picual", "Hojiblanca", and "Arbequina") has been studied. The leaf contains important amounts of oleanolic acid (3.0-3.5% DW), followed by significant concentrations of maslinic acid and minor ...
Ono Masateru - - 2010
Two new glycosidic acids, quamoclinic acids G and H, were isolated from the glycosidic acid fraction afforded by alkaline hydrolysis of the ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction from the seeds of Quamoclit pennata BOJER. Both compounds are the first examples of bisdesmosides of glycosidic acid having the sugar linkages at ...
He Wen-Ni - - 2010
Asiatic acid is a major pentacyclic triterpene isolated from Centella asiatica. It shows a variety of bioactivities. In order to obtain its derivatives, potentially useful for detailed pharmacological studies, the substrate was subjected to incubations with selected micro-organisms. In this work, asiatic acid was converted into three new compounds: 2α,3β,23,30-tetrahydroxyurs-12-ene-28-oic ...
Sahakitpichan Poolsak - - 2010
An amino acid derivative, L-(-)-(N-trans-cinnamoyl)-arginine, was isolated from the whole plant of Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug. DC. along with kaempferol 3-O-galactopyranoside, isorhamnetin 3-O-beta-D-xylopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-galactopyranoside, vitexin, vicenin-2, adenosine and L-phenylalanine. The structure determinations were based on analyses of chemical and spectroscopic methods.
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