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Zhang Zheng-Fu - - 2008
A new polyphenol, designated as salvianolic acid N, was isolated from the aqueous extracts of the roots of Salvia yunnanensis. Its chemical structure was elucidated as 3-(3,4-dihydroxylphenyl)-2-[(E)-3-(1,8,9-trihydroxyl-dibenzo[b,f]oxpin-3-yl)acryloxloxy]propanoic acid (1) on the basis of NMR and MS spectral analyses. The new polyphenol inhibited both HIV-1 IN in vitro and also reduced ...
Xue Duo-Qing - - 2008
A new sulphated nor-sesquiterpene, 3alpha-hydroxysulphonyloxy-5alpha,6alpha-epoxy-megastigmen-9-one (1), and a known sulphated lipid, 5'-(hydroxysulphonyloxy) jasmonic acid (2), have been isolated from the twigs and leaves of mangrove Laguncularia racemosa (L.) Gaertn. F. The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of detailed analysis of spectroscopic data and chemical reaction.
Jeong Gil-Saeng - - 2008
Inducible heme oxygenase (HO)-1 is known to play a major role in the pathogenesis of several diseases, and it protects cells against oxidant-mediated injury. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the EtOH extract of the flowered fruit-spike of Prunella vulgaris L. (Labiatae) yielded two ursane-type triterpenes, 3beta,23-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid (23-hydroxyursolic acid) (1) and ...
Song Ya-Ling - - 2008
Investigation on the EtOH extract of the fruits of Chaenomeles speciosa led to the isolation of a new triterpene acid bearing an unusual hydroperoxyl substitute group at C-11, speciosaperoxide (1), along with six known triterpenoids, 3beta-acetoxyurs-11-en-13beta,28-olide (2), 3-O-acetyl ursolic acid (3), oleanolic acid (4), ursolic acid (5), masilinic acid (6), ...
Chen Chiy-Rong - - 2008
Four new D:C-friedooleanane-type triterpenes, 3 beta-O-(E)-feruloyl-D:C-friedooleana-7,9(11)-dien-29-ol (1), 3 beta-O-(E)-coumaroyl-D:C-friedooleana-7,9(11)-dien-29-ol (2), 3 beta-O-(E)-coumaroyl-D:C-friedooleana-7,9(11)-dien-29-oic acid (3), and methyl 2 beta,3 beta-dihydroxy-D:C-friedoolean-8-en-29-oate (6), together with five known triterpenes with the same skeleton, 3-epikarounidiol (4), 3-oxo-D:C-friedoolena-7,9(11)-dien-29-oic acid (5), bryonolol (7), bryononic acid (8), and 20-epibryonolic acid (9), were isolated from the methanol extract of ...
Yin Yong-Qin - - 2008
Two new resin glycosides, batataosides I (1) and II (2), and five known compounds, friedelin (3), scopoletin (4), octadecyl caffeate (5), beta-sistosterol (6) and daucosterol (7), were isolated from the roots of Ipomoea batatas. Their structures have been determined based on the chemical and spectral data. Batataosides I and II ...
Zheng Yan - - 2008
Two new lanostane triterpenoids, 29-hydroxypolyporenic acid C (4) and 25-hydroxypachymic acid (5), together with three known compounds, ergosta-7,22-dien-3beta-ol (1), polyporenic acid C (2) and pachymic acid (3), were isolated from the 95% ethanolic extract of the sclerotium of Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analyses, ...
Sultan Md Zakir - - 2008
Bioassay-guided extraction and fractionation of the aqueous methanolic extract of the cones of Pinus densiflora (Pinaceae) afforded one new labdane-type diterpene aldehyde, 15-nor-14-oxolabda-8(17),12 E-diene-18-oic acid, along with eight known diterpenes. Their structures were elucidated using spectroscopic methods as well as by comparison with previously reported data. The isolates showed antibacterial ...
Schmeda-Hirschmann Guillermo - - 2008
Extracts from the Andean lichens Protousnea poeppigii and Usnea florida displayed antimicrobial activity against the pathogenic fungi Microsporum gypseum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and T. rubrum with MIC values between 50 and 100 microg/mL. From the active extracts, four main metabolites were isolated and identified as the new depside, isodivaricatic acid, and ...
Choi Ji Young - - 2008
Ten compounds were isolated from the EtOAc soluble part of the MeOH extract of Saussureae Radix, with their effects on melanin production also evaluated in B-16 mouse melanoma cell lines stimulated with 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX), an elevator of cellular cAMP. The compounds were identified as aplotaxene (1), 1 beta-hydroxy arbusculin A ...
Ogura-Tsujita, Yuki
Rhizome explants of three temperate terrestrial Cymbidium species, C. sinense, C. ensifolium and C. kanran, produced protocorm-like-bodies (PLBs) by the addition of 10 mgl^{-1} 6-benzylaminopurine (BA). PLB explants of Cymbidium Melody Fair ‘Marilyn Monroe’, a hybrid of tropical species, induced rhizomes under shaded and continuous dark conditions, and the conversion ...
Juan M Emília - - 2008
We have previously reported the anticarcinogenic effects of an olive fruit extract composed of pentacyclic triterpenes, the main components of which are maslinic acid (73.25%) and oleanolic acid (25.75%). Here we examined the effects of the individual components on proliferation, necrosis and apoptosis rates by fluorescence-based techniques in human HT-29 ...
Seo Changon - - 2008
Usimines A-C ( 1- 3), three new usnic acid derivatives, have been isolated from a MeOH extract of the Antarctic lichen Stereocaulon alpinum by various chromatographic methods. The structures of 1- 3 were determined by analysis of their spectroscopic data (NMR, UV, MS) and by chemical methods. The known compound ...
Ragasa Consolacion Y - - 2008
The air-dried leaves of Tectona philippinensis, an endemic and endangered Philippine medicinal tree, afforded four new chromomoric acid derivatives ( 1, 2, 3a, and 3b). Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. Antimicrobial testing was carried out on 1- 3 against a panel of bacteria and ...
El-Gamal Ali A - - 2008
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanolic extract of Viburnum awabuki afforded two new lupane triterpene derivatives; 6 beta-hydroxyl-3,20-dioxo-30 norlupane-28-oic acid (1) and 3,4-secolup-4,20-dihydroxy-3,28-dioic acid-3-oic acid methyl ester (2), along with seven known lupane and oleanane-type triterpenes (3-9). The structure of the isolated compounds was assigned using different spectroscopic techniques including 1D ...
Cetin Huseyin - - 2008
In this research, (-)-usnic acid and (+)-usnic acid, commonly encountered lichen secondary metabolites, were evaluated for their insecticidal effects against the larvae of Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) under laboratory conditions. Both compounds showed strong larvicidal activity and caused 100% mortality on third-fourth larval stages of the species at 24 ...
Zhao Yun - - 2008
3 Beta-acetoxy-(20S, 22E)-dammaran-22-en-25-ol, a new triterpene, was isolated along with five known triterpenes (ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, betulinic acid, 3-epiocotillol acetate, and dimmarenediol II acetate), and alpha-D-glc and sucrose from Radix Ranunculus ternati All of them, except oleanolic acid and alpha-D-glc, were isolated from the family of Ranunculaceae for the ...
Tuchinda Patoomratana - - 2008
Chemical investigation of the aerial parts of Phyllanthus acutissima resulted in the isolation of five new dichapetalin-type triterpenoids, acutissimatriterpenes A-E ( 1- 5), and two new lignans, acutissimalignans A ( 6) and B ( 7), along with two known lignans and three known ellagic acid derivatives. The structures of 1- ...
Li Heran - - 2008
Three new 3,4- seco-lanostanes, kadsuracoccinic acids A-C ( 1- 3), were isolated from the medicinal plant Kadsura coccinea, in addition to the known compounds kadsuric acid ( 4) and micranoic acid A ( 5). The structures of 1- 3 were elucidated by analysis of their 2D-NMR spectroscopic data. Furthermore, the ...
Yang Xiao-Ming - - 2008
In search for molluscicidal active components, petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, ethanol, and water extracts from Ginkgo sarcotesta were evaluated against the snail Oncomelania hupensis. The bioassay-oriented showed that the activity concentrates in the petroleum ether extract (LD(50) 7.81 ppm). Ginkgolic acids, isolated from the petroleum ether extract, exhibited strong molluscicidal ...
Radwan Mohamed M - - 2008
Phytochemical investigation of a high potency variety of Cannabis sativa L. resulted in the isolation of six new metabolites, (+/-)-6,7-trans-epoxycannabigerolic acid ( 2), (+/-)-6,7- CIS-epoxycannabigerolic acid ( 3), (+/-)-6,7- CIS-epoxycannabigerol ( 4), (+/-)-6,7-trans-epoxycannabigerol ( 5), 5'-methyl-4-pentylbiphenyl-2,2',6-triol ( 7), and 7-methoxycannabispirone ( 8), along with seven known compounds namely, cannabigerolic acid ...
Lei Chun - - 2008
A triterpenetricarboxylic acid with a novel 2,3-secolanostane-type framework named lanopropic acid ( 1) was isolated from the aerial parts of Schisandra propinqua var. propinqua. The structure of 1 was elucidated as 2,3-secolanost-9(11),24( Z)-diene-2,3,26-trioic acid on the basis of spectroscopic techniques and X-ray diffraction studies. This is the first report of ...
Tanachatchairatana Tanud - - 2008
Betulinic acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid have been modified at the C-3 position to cinnamate-based esters and in vitro antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Ra has been determined. The results indicated that modification of the parent structures of betulinic acid, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid to the p-coumarate and, ...
Kim Jong Min - - 2008
Ellagic acid (1), 3,3'-di-O-methylellagic acid (2), 3,3',4-tri-O-methylellagic acid (3), isovitexin (4), kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-glucuronide methyl ester (5), quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl-(1-->6)-beta-D-galactopyranoside (6), ursolic acid, pomolic acid, tormentic acid, euscaphic acid, euscaphic acid 28-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and maslinic acid were isolated from the AcOEt- and BuOH-soluble MeOH extract of Duchesnea chrysantha (whole plant). The isolates were ...
Ohtsuki Takashi - - 2008
Investigation of collagenase inhibitory natural components afforded two quinic acid esters (1 and 2) and quercetin (3) from the leaves of Pluchea indica (Compositae). Of these, compounds 1 and 2 exhibited collagenase inhibitory activity (IC(50)) at a concentration of less than 10 microm, and 1 showed matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and ...
Li Jun - - 2008
Two novel compounds, 3-methoxypterolactone ( 1) and 2-amino-3,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxybenzoic acid ( 2), were isolated from leaves of Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinsk, together with nine known compounds: pterolactone ( 3), gallic acid ( 4), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid ( 5), oleanolic acid ( 6), beta-boswellic acid ( 7), alpha-boswellic acid ( 8), beta-amyrin ( ...
Lin Zhen-Jian - - 2008
Six new tetramic acids derivatives, penicillenols A(1), A(2), B(1), B(2), C(1), and C(2) (1-6), together with citrinin, phenol A acid, phenol A, and dihydrocitrinin, were identified from Penicillium sp. GQ-7, an endophytic fungus associated with Aegiceras corniculatum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectral analysis. All the ...
Wang Zheng - - 2008
To investigate the chlorogenic acids resources in Eucommia ulmoides Olive leaves, Lonicera japonica Thunb. leaves and Houttuynla cordata Thunb. leaves, methanolic extracts of these three materials have been analysed qualitatively for chlorogenic acids and their derivatives by structure-diagnostic LC-MSn. Three monocaffeoylquinic acids (3-CQA, 4-CQA, 5-CQA) were detected. 5-CQA dominated this ...
Jung Da Young da - - 2008
From the seeds of Pharbitis nil (Convolvulaceae), two new oleanene-type triterpene glycosides, pharbitosides A (1) and B (2), together with beta-sitosterol, beta-sitosterol glucoside (daucosterol), caffeic acid, and methyl caffeate were isolated. The structure of pharbitoside A (1) was elucidated to be queretaroic acid 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1). Pharbitoside B (2) is a ...
Hunfeld Nicole G - - 2008
The influence of CYP2C19 on the kinetics and dynamics of omeprazole, lansoprazole and rabeprazole has been studied in Japanese subjects. * It has been suggested that subjects with *1/*1 genotype might need stronger acid suppression than *1/*2 and *2/*2 subjects. This suggestion comes from data in Japanese subjects and has ...
Tsai Tung-Hu - - 2008
Two new aporphine alkaloids, isofiliformine ( 1) and cassythic acid ( 3), along with 22 known compounds were isolated from whole herb of Cassytha filiformis. Cassythic acid ( 3), cassythine ( 4), neolitsine ( 7), and dicentrine ( 8) had potent vasorelaxing effects on precontracted rat aortic preparations with mean ...
Ding Ling - - 2008
Cladosporium sp. isolate N5 was isolated as a dominant fungus from the healthy conchocelis of Porphyra yezoensis. In the re-infection test, it did not cause any pathogenic symptoms in the alga. Twenty-one cultural conditions were chosen to test its antimicrobial activity in order to obtain the best condition for large-scale ...
Jia Hong-Peng - - 2008
Two isostructural 1D compounds {[M3(hpdc)2(H2O)6] 2H2O}n (M = Mn, Co; H3hpde = 2-hydroxypyrimidine-4,6-dicarboxylic acid) were synthesized by the in situ hydrothermal reactions of 2-chloropyrimidine-4,6-dicarboxylic acid with MCl2 (M = Mn, Co) and NaOH; the MnII compound shows spin-canted antiferromagnetism, whereas the CoII compound exhibits the coexistence of spin-canting and a ...
McRae Jacqui M - - 2008
AIM OF THE STUDY: The leaves of Planchonia careya (F. Muell.) R. Knuth (Lecythidaceae) have been traditionally implemented in the treatment of wounds by the indigenous people of northern Australia, although the compounds responsible for the medicinal properties have not been identified. In this study, antibacterial compounds from the leaf ...
Evidente Antonio - - 2008
Phyllosticta cirsii, a fungal pathogen isolated from diseased Cirsium arvense leaves and evaluated as a biocontrol agent of this noxious perennial weed, produces different phytotoxic metabolites with potential herbicidal activity when grown in liquid cultures. Phyllostictines A-D, four novel oxazatricycloalkenones, were recently isolated from this pathogen and chemically and biologically ...
Cioffi Giuseppina - - 2008
Three sesterterpenes (1-3), one triterpene (4) and five diterpenes (5-9) were isolated from the aerial parts of Salvia palaestina Bentham (Lamiaceae), together with two sesquiterpenes, 10 known diterpenes, three triterpenes, and rosmarinic acid. Their structural elucidation was accomplished by extensive spectroscopic methods including 1D ((1)H, (13)C, (13)C DEPT, TOCSY, NOESY) ...
Pattamadilok Duangpen - - 2008
Two new taraxerane triterpenes, 2,3-seco-taraxer-14-ene-2,3,28-trioic acid 2,3-dimethyl ester ( 1) and 2,3-seco-taraxer-14-ene-2,3,28-trioic acid 3-methyl ester ( 2), along with two known triterpenes, hopenol B and aleuritolic acid, and five known flavonoids, putraflavone, kaempferol, sequoiaflavone, amentoflavone, and ginkgetin, were isolated from the leaves of Elateriospermum tapos. The stem extract yielded a ...
Choudhary M Iqbal - - 2008
Two glycosides, 6'-O-(3,4-dihydroxy benzoyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1), and 4-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside-3-hydroxy methyl benzoate (2), along with five known compounds methyl benzoate (3), hypogallic acid (4), caffeic acid (5), paeoniflorin (6) and pikuroside (7) were isolated for the first time from a fresh water fern Salvinia molesta D.S. Mitch. These compounds showed a potent ...
Fu Lin-chun - - 2008
3'-Deoxy-4-O-methylepisappanol, a new 3-benzylchroman derivative, was isolated from Sappan Lignum, together with thirteen known chemical compounds identified as protosappanin A, sappanchalcone, sappanone B, palmitic acid, (+)-(8S,8'S)-bisdihydrosiringenin, brazilein, 3-deoxysappanchalcone, (+)-lyoniresinol, 3-deoxysappanone B, protosappanin B, isoprotosappanin B, 3'-O-methylbrazilin and brazilin, respectively. Among these known compounds, this is the first time that (+)-(8S,8'S)-bisdihydrosiringenin ...
Anke Jennifer - - 2008
From the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of an acetone-water extract of the twig tips of Myrothamnus flabellifolia Welw. (Myrothamnaceae), a variety of flavan-3-ols (epicatechin, epigallocatechin and their 3-O-galloylated analogues) and procyanidins (DP <or= 3) were isolated and identified for the first time: Procyanidin B3 [catechin-(4alpha --> 8)-catechin], B4 [catechin-(4alpha --> ...
Choi Yeon Hee - - 2008
A genuine triterpenoid saponin, platyconic acid A (1) was isolated from the roots extract of Platycodon grandiflorum, together with five known saponins: deapioplatycoside E (2), platycoside E (3), platycodin D(3) (4), platycodin D(2) (5) and platycodin D (6). The structure of 1 was determined on the basis of spectral analysis ...
Batovska D I - - 2008
Surface leaf metabolites of two seedlings of a Bulgarian winemaking cultivar Storgozia I(1) were analyzed in two seasons - summer (July) and autumn (October). The resistance towards some fungal pathogens of one of the plants was estimated as superior to the resistance of the other one. Significant seasonal variations in ...
Yuan Jing-Quan - - 2008
Two new ursane-type triterpene glucosides, 2alpha,3alpha,24-trihydroxyurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (1) and 2alpha,3alpha,23-trihydroxyurs-12,19(29)-dien-28-oic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (2), were isolated from the roots of Rosa laevigata, together with three known compounds: 2alpha,3beta,19alpha-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid beta-Dglucopyranosyl ester (3), 2alpha,3alpha,19alpha-trihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (4) and 2alpha,3beta,19alpha,23-tetrahydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid beta-D-glucopyranosyl ester (5). The structures of new compounds ...
Hu X-Y - - 2008
Two new diterpenes and ent-15alpha-hydroxykaur-16-en-19-oic acid 11,12-acetonide (3), together with 23 known compounds were isolated from the dried aerial parts of Nouelia insignis Franch. The structures of new compounds were determined to be ent-14beta,15alpha-dihydroxykaur-16-en-19-oic acid (1), ent-14beta-hydroxy-15-oxokaur-16-en-19-oic acid (2) on the basis of spectral and chemical evidence. The structure of ...
Michalska Klaudia - - 2008
The first guaian-12-oic acid glucopyranosyl ester was isolated from the roots of Picris rhagadioloides (L.) Desf. (Asteraceae), in addition to five costuslactone-type guaianolides, four germacranolides and three phenolic compounds. This is the first time that the known phenolics syringaldehyde and syringaresinol, as well as the known sesquiterpene lactones glucozaluzanin C, ...
Zhu Tong Fei - - 2008
From the underground parts of Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora, three new caffeoyl glycosides, scrocaffeside A-C (1-3), together with two caffeic acid derivates, 4-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl caffeic acid (4) and 4-methoxy caffeic acid (5) and a phenylethanoid glycoside, scroside D (6), were isolated. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectroscopic evidence ...
Guo Lei - - 2008
An endophytic fungus Chaetomium fusiforme was obtained from a liverwort, Scapania verrucosa. A comparison of the constituents of the ether extracts between S. verrucosa and the C. fusiforme culture was investigated by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The yield of ether extract based on dried plant material was 0.6% and 59 ...
Olmedo Dionisio A - - 2008
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the dichloromethane extract of the leaves of Marila pluricostata led to the isolation of 2alpha,3beta-dihydroxy-D:A-friedoolean-28-oic acid (pluricostatic acid), a new friedelane triterpenoid, (1), ten known triterpenoids and three sterols. Their chemical structures were elucidated through spectroscopic analysis. The less polar fractions, on GC/MS analysis and comparison with ...
Bradette-Hébert Marie-Eve - - 2008
A new labdane diterpene, 9alpha,16xi-dihydroxy-6-oxo-7,13-labdadien-15,16-olide (solicanolide, 1) and six known compounds identified as quercetin (2), 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid (3, neochlorogenic acid), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4, chlorogenic acid), 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (5), 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (6) and 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (7) were isolated from the flowers of Solidago canadensis. To our knowledge, compound 7 was isolated ...
Shen Guanghai - - 2008
Seven flavonoids (1-7), two triterpenoids (8 and 9) and four steroids (10, 11, 12 and 13) were isolated from the whole plant of Tiarella polyphylla. Based on the physicochemical and spectroscopic analyses, their structures were identified as myricetin (1), astragalin (2), afzelin (3), quercitrin (4), myricitin (5), nicotiflorin (6), isoquercitrin ...
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