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Donohoe Timothy J - - 2009
Replacing trifluoroacetic acid with a catalytic amount of Lewis acid in the osmium mediated oxidative cyclization results in higher yielding reactions that can proceed nearly an order of magnitude faster. The osmium loading can also be reduced to as little as 0.2 mol %. Furthermore, these mildly acidic conditions are ...
Lu Yingdong - - 2009
While asymmetric transition-metal catalysis has become a powerful method for constructing chiral products, a challenge in this field is the identification of the correct ligand for high selectivity. We report here a simple approach to chiral catalyst formation: coupling of an available pool of Brønsted acids, namely, amino acid derivatives, ...
Cesario Cara C Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, 251 Nieuwland Science Hall, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, - - 2009
Carbocyclic uracil polyoxin C analogs are prepared from an acylnitroso-derived hetero Diels-Alder cycloadduct in fewer than nine steps. Pd(0)/InI-mediated allylation of 4-acetoxy-2-azetidinone is used to install the beta-amino acid side chain at the C-5' position of the carbocycle.
Linder David - - 2009
The addition of a Lewis acidic metal triflate salt Mg(OTf)(2) as co-catalyst in the CpRu-catalyzed decarboxylative allylation of in situ-generated ketone enolates allows the reaction to proceed at lower temperature with higher regio- and enantioselectivity. Even so-far-unreactive substrates react.
Arshad Nuzhat - - 2009
The Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of cyclic thioamides and thioureas with alkenylboronic acids, vinyl- and (het)arylstannanes, and arylsiloxanes in the presence of stoichiometric amounts of a Cu(I) cofactor is described. The desulfitative C-C cross-coupling protocol of the Liebeskind-Srogl type is performed under neutral conditions and can be applied to a range of ...
Storgaard Morten - - 2009
A mild, racemization-free, palladium-catalyzed alpha-arylation of tetramic acids (2,4-pyrrolidinediones) has been developed. Various amino acid-derived tetramic acids were cleanly arylated by treatment with 2 mol % of Pd(OAc)(2), 4 mol % of a sterically demanding biaryl phosphine, 2.3 equiv of K(2)CO(3) or K(3)PO(4), and aryl chlorides, bromides, or triflates in ...
Donahue Matthew G - - 2009
Brønsted acid-induced fragmentation of a triazoline is used as a tool to identify Brønsted base additives capable of playing the role of a proton shuttle. Relative to water, dimethyl formamide accelerates proton transfer substantially under these conditions. A series of alcohols and ethers were also used to demonstrate that the ...
Zeng Xiaofei - - 2009
A clean and fast (10 min) aziridination of diazoacetamides with N-Boc-imines, as well as N-Cbz-imines, catalyzed by chiral phosphoric acid (R)-5g in DCM at room temperature was developed. The excellent yields (89-97%), diastereoselectivities (trans/cis > 50:1), chemoselectivities (3:4 = >95:5), and enantioselectivities (88-98% ee) were achieved in the reaction.
Fokin Andrey A - - 2009
Oxadiamondoids representing a new class of carbon nanoparticles were prepared from the respective diamondoid ketones via an effective two-step procedure involving addition of methyl magnesium iodide and oxidation with trifluoroperacetic acid in trifluoroacetic acid. The reactivities of the oxacages are determined by the position of the dopant and are in ...
Vásquez David - - 2009
A series of 8-phenylaminopyrimido[4,5-c]isoquinoline-7,10-quinone derivatives were prepared by regioselective amination reaction of pyrimido[4,5-c]isoquinoline-7,10-quinones with arylamines in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst. Preliminary evaluation of the members of the series against cancer cell lines and assays of activation of their cytotoxic activity on K562 cells with ascorbic acid are ...
Gan Jiangang - - 2009
CuI-catalyzed coupling of 4-methylphenyl bromide with amino acids gives N-aryl amino acids, which are converted into linear dipeptides via iodination and condensation with L-cysteine derived acyl chloride. Cyclization is achieved via a CuI/N,N-dimethylglycine catalyzed intramolecular coupling of aryl iodides with the liberated thiol to afford 1,5-benzothiazepine dipeptide mimetics.
Asgary Seddigeh - - 2009
Trans-fatty acids (TFAs), unsaturated fats with at least one double bond in the Trans configuration, are industrially formed in large quantities when vegetable oils are partially hydrogenated. This study was undertaken to quantify the amounts of the common fatty acids in several commercial oils marketing in Iran. The most consumed ...
Limbach Michael - - 2009
A sequence of Michael addition of a primary amine onto methyl 2-chloro-2-cyclopropylidene-acetate (1), acylation of the adduct with alpha-bromo acid chlorides under modified Schotten-Baumann conditions and ring-closing twofold nucleophilic substitution on the thus formed bishalides 3a-e with aliphatic or aromatic amines according to a very simple protocol with final acid/base ...
Kawasaki Tsuneomi - - 2009
Achiral meteoritic amino acids, glycine and alpha-methylalanine, with hydrogen isotope (D/H) chirality, acted as the source of chirality in asymmetric autocatalysis with amplification of ee to afford highly enantioenriched 5-pyrimidyl alkanols.
Jennerjahn Reiko - - 2009
A novel selective palladium catalyst system based on bidentate 2,2'-heteroarylarylphosphines and p-TsOH has been developed for hydroformylation reactions (see scheme). By applying optimal conditions good to excellent regioselectivity is obtained for the hydroformylation of aliphatic and aromatic olefins. It is shown that a low acid concentration is crucial for obtaining ...
Duan Shaofeng - - 2009
Herein we report that simple Lewis acids catalyze the hydroarylation of benzylidene malonates with phenols. Ultimately, 3,4-disubstituted dihydrocoumarins are obtained via a hydroarylation-lactonization sequence. Moreover, the dihydrocoumarins are formed with a high degree of diastereoselectivity favoring the trans stereoisomer.
Klöck Cornelius - - 2009
The rates of acid hydrolysis of N-benzoyl-cadaverine (1), mono-N-(tert-butoxy)carbonyl cadaverine (2), and benzaldoxime (3) with binding motifs for cucurbit[6]uril (1,2) and cucurbit[7]uril (1,3) were investigated in the absence and presence of these hosts. Significant rate enhancements (up to a factor of ca. 300 for the hydrolysis of 3) were observed. ...
Liu Cong-Rong - - 2009
An unprecedented catalyst-free alkylation of sulfinic acids with sulfonamides has been developed via sp(3) C-N bond cleavage at room temperature. In the absence of external catalysts and additives, a wide variety of N-benzylic and N-allylic sulfonamides couple with sulfinic acids to give structurally diversified sulfones in moderate to excellent yields. ...
Georgiou Irene - - 2009
Amino acids have been known to catalyze organic reactions for many years, but their boronic acid counterparts are much less well-studied. Although there are a number of useful general approaches to the synthesis of protected aminoboronic acids, many practical challenges remain in the isolation and purification of free aminoboronic acids. ...
Yang Sung-Hyun - - 2009
An efficient and flexible synthetic approach to the core structures of pinnaic acid and halichlorine is described using spirocyclic nitrone 4 as a key intermediate. 1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition of 4 with dipolarophile 8 provides access to the azaspirocyclic core of pinnaic acid 5 while the spiroquinolizidine core of halichlorine 6 has ...
Williams Robert M - - 2009
We report the application of diphenyloxazinone glycinate chiral templates to asymmetric syntheses of cylindrospermospin, 7-epi-cylindrospermopsin, 7-deoxycylindrospermopsin, and spirotryprostatins A and B. Synthetic studies toward quinine, nakadomarin A, and palau'amine using these templates are also described.
Ihara Hideki - - 2009
o-C-H silylation of arylboronic acids has been achieved using 2-pyrazol-5-ylaniline as an ortho-directing agent, which was temporarily attached to the boronyl group via Ru-catalyzed silylation with hydrosilanes. Condensation products of arylboronic acids with 2-pyrazol-5-ylaniline were prepared in situ and subjected to reaction with triorganosilanes in the presence of RuH(2)(CO)(PPh(3))(3) at ...
Hu Peng - - 2009
A versatile palladium catalyst system was developed to effect the decarboxylative Heck coupling of a variety of arenecarboxylic acids with a wide range of olefins. The key to obtaining the efficient catalyst system is the use of 1-adamatanecarboxylic acid as additive. Alkyl-substituted olefins with coordinating groups were observed to provide ...
Uraguchi Daisuke - - 2009
Heterochiral [7.7]-P-spirocyclic arylaminophosphonium barfates have been designed as a novel charged, cationic Brønsted acid catalyst, and their catalytic and stereocontrolling abilities have been clearly demonstrated in the development of the unprecedented, highly enantioselective conjugate addition of arylamines to nitroolefins. This study uncovers a new function of chiral tetraaminophosphonium cations and ...
Knapp David M - - 2009
Many boronic acids, including 2-heterocyclic, vinyl, and cyclopropyl derivatives, are inherently unstable, which can limit their benchtop storage and/or efficient cross-coupling. We herein report the first general solution to this problem: in situ slow release of unstable boronic acids from the corresponding air-stable MIDA boronates. This remarkably general approach has ...
Bevers Loes E - - 2009
The hydration of oleic acid into 10-hydroxystearic acid was originally described for a Pseudomonas cell extract almost half a century ago. In the intervening years, the enzyme has never been characterized in any detail. We report here the isolation and characterization of oleate hydratase (EC 4.2.1.53) from Elizabethkingia meningoseptica.
Harju Kirsi - - 2009
A new method to synthesize N-unsubstituted pyrazoles on a solid support is described. The solid support acts as a protecting group for the amino acid. N-Protected amino acid is N-nitrosated, and the subsequent treatment with acetic anhydride in a microwave reactor yields mesoionic sydnones that react in situ in 1,3-dipolar ...
Plumley Joshua A - - 2009
Lewis acidity is customarily gauged by comparing the relative magnitude of coordinate covalent bonding energies, where the Lewis acid moiety is varied and the Lewis base is kept constant. However, the prediction of Lewis acidity from first principles is sometimes contrary to that suggested by experimental bond energies. Specifically, the ...
Sun Zhi-Peng - - 2009
A novel supporting material containing benzenesulfonic acid (BSA) groups and ordered mesoporous carbons (OMCs) was first prepared by in situ radical polymerization of 4-styrenesulfonate and isoamyl nitrite under ambient conditions. Then, Pd nanoparticles were deposited on as-produced OMCs (f-OMCs) by the NaBH(4) reduction method. The structure and nature of the ...
Ye Jing - - 2009
In this study, the acute toxicity (72-h EC50 values) of chiral diclofop acid towards rice Xiushui 63 seedlings and its effects on the Hill reaction activities of chloroplasts were determined. Significant differences were observed between the two enantiomers in 72-h EC50 values and in both in vivo and in vitro ...
Han Zhi-Yong - - 2009
Dynamic kinetic Transfer hydrogenation reaction of 2-methyl-2,4-diaryl-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]diazepines, using phosphoric acids as catalysts and Hantzsch ester as hydride source, has been studied. A 3,3'-H8-binol derived phosphoric acid has been identified the optimal chiral catalyst for this transformation, affording 1,3-diamine derivatives with up to 8/1 dr, 86% ee and 94% ee for ...
Toselli Nicolas - - 2009
The electrophilic activations of bicyclo[4.2.1]nonatrienes by 4-isopropyl-1,2,4-triazolinedione, N-iodosuccinimide, or an epoxidation/acidic ring-opening sequence is reported. The subsequent in situ trappings by water, alcohols, or benzoic acids led to original tricyclo[4.2.1.0(2,8)]non-3-enes with high regio- and stereoselectivities. The synthetic potentiality of these synthons is illustrated by the straightforward access to a fused ...
Nie Liang-Deng - - 2009
Oseltamivir phosphate (1) was synthesized from (-)-shikimic acid through a short and practical synthetic route via eight steps in 47% overall yield. In addition, the highly regioselective and stereoselective nucleophilic replacement of OMs by the N(3) group in the third and seventh steps has been studied in detail, and the ...
Zhang Lei - - 2009
Biodiesel could be synthesized using Brønsted acidic ionic liquid N-methyl-2-pyrrolidonium methyl sulfonate ([NMP][CH(3)SO(3)]) as a catalyst, specially with free long-chain fatty acids or their mixtures, as well as with low-molecular weight alcohols as substrates. This catalyst showed good catalytic and reusable performance under mild conditions and without any additional organic ...
Su Xiaoyu - - 2009
Two kinds of novel chiral molecular tweezers containing imidazoliums were synthesized from L-alanine, L-phenylalanine, and L-glutamic acid. They are constructed by the chiral imidazolium pincers and two different spacers which are 1,3-bis (bromomethyl)benzene and 2,6-bis(bromomethyl)pyridine, respectively. The enantioselective recognition of L- and D-amino acid derivatives by these molecular tweezers was ...
Yamanaka Masahiro - - 2009
Asymmetric hydrophosphonylation reaction of aldimines with dialkyl phosphites proceeds catalytically by means of a phosphoric acid diester, derived from (R)-BINOL, as a chiral Brønsted acid to afford alpha-amino phosphonates with good to high enantioselectivities (up to 90% ee). The use of the aldimines derived from cinnamaldehyde derivatives and sterically demanding ...
Opper Kathleen L - - 2009
Linear ethylene copolymers containing sulfonic acid ethyl esters precisely spaced on every 21st carbon have been synthesized using metathesis polycondensation chemistry. These precision structures with one directly attached and one aromatic spaced sulfonic acid ester are synthesized with the goal of tailoring layered higher order morphologies in contrast to conventional ...
Nakahashi Atsufumi - - 2009
Hexylitaconic acid (1) is an intriguing natural product possessing a chiral carbon, and both its enantiomers have been found in nature. Enantiomeric pure (+)-(1) and (-)-(1) were successfully prepared by racemic synthesis followed by enantiomeric separation in a chiral HPLC system. Their absolute configurations were clarified by the vibrational circular ...
Fernandes Carlos - - 2009
A short, convenient, gram scale protocol has been established to allow facile access to all four stereoisomers of 2-aminocyclobutanecarboxylic acid, each in enantiomerically pure form (ee >99%). Starting from the readily available cis racemate, the procedure combines efficient alpha-phenylethylamine derivative resolution and controlled cis-to-trans epimerization procedures, and proceeds with invariably ...
González Israel - - 2009
N-Methylanilines are readily synthesized in high yields through the copper(II)-promoted coupling of anilines and methylboronic acid. This method represents a new approach for the selective monomethylation of anilines, and it is the first reported example of a Chan-Lam coupling involving the use of methylboronic acid. An incubation period of the ...
Morimoto Tsumoru - - 2009
The rhodium(I)-catalyzed reaction of alkynes with 2-bromophenylboronic acids in the presence of paraformaldehyde resulted in a CO gas-free carbonylative cyclization, yielding indenone derivatives. [RhCl(BINAP)](2) and [RhCl(cod)](2) were responsible for the decarbonylation of formaldehyde and the subsequent carbonylation of alkynes with 2-haloboronic acids, respectively, leading to efficient whole carbonylation. Sterically bulky ...
Nakao Yoshiaki - - 2009
Formamides are found to undergo addition reactions across alkynes and 1,3-dienes by nickel/Lewis acid catalysis to give a variety of alpha,beta- and beta,gamma-unsaturated amides with stereo- and regioselectivity. Intramolecular insertion reactions of olefins into the C-H bonds of formamides also proceed under similar conditions. The presence of Lewis acid cocatalysts ...
Jiang Lei - - 2009
Palladium-catalyzed alpha-arylation and vinylation of dioxolane (S,S)-I, easily obtained from (S)-mandelic acid, proceeds with high yields and excellent diastereoselectivity at room temperature employing commercially available P(t-Bu)(3).HBF(4) and Pd(OAc)(2) as a catalytic precursor system. This method displays general utility for a large variety of aryl, heteroaryl, and vinyl bromides.
Wang Congyang - - 2009
A novel protocol for the palladium-catalyzed intramolecular direct arylation of benzoic acids is reported, which combines decarboxylation and C-H activation into one efficient process. With the optimized catalyst system of palladium trifluoroacetate, silver carbonate, and the proper solvent mixture (5% DMSO/dioxane), dibenzofuran derivatives are formed in excellent yield and selectivity.
Denissova Irina - - 2009
We report here that the monodentate complexation of Me2AlCl to an ester group significantly enhances the selectivity of hydrogen transfer on acyclic radicals flanked by both an ester functionality and a stereogenic center, leading to C-2,C-3-anti products with high diastereoselectivity. In certain cases improved ratios were obtained using bulkier aluminum ...
Forbes David C DC Department of Chemistry, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, USA. - - 2009
Diastereomeric ratios of >95 : 5 were obtained when performing methylene transfers onto imines originating from d-mannitol and (S)-(-)-2-methyl-2-propane sulfinamide or ascorbic acid and (R)-(-)-2-methyl-2-propane sulfinamide.
Van Hende Eva - - 2009
Synthetic strategies toward 3-fluoroazetidine-3-carboxylic acid, a new cyclic fluorinated beta-amino acid with high potential as building block in medicinal chemistry, were evaluated. The successful pathway includes the bromofluorination of N-(diphenylmethylidene)-2-(4-methoxyphenoxymethyl)-2-propenylamine, yielding 1-diphenylmethyl-3-hydroxymethyl-3-fluoroazetidine after reduction of the imino bond, ring closure, and removal of the 4-methoxybenzyl group. Changing the N-protecting group ...
Smith Amos B AB 3rd Department of Chemistry, Laboratory for Research on the Structure of Matter, and Monell Chemical Senses Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA. - - 2009
An efficient, second-generation synthesis of the signature dioxabicyclo[3.2.1]octane core of (+)-sorangicin A (1), in conjunction with an effective, stereocontrolled protocol to arrive at the requisite (Z,Z,E)-triene acid system has been developed. Highlights of the core construction entail a three-component union, a KHMDS-promoted epoxide ring formation-ring opening cascade, a Takai olefination, ...
Li Guilong G Department of Chemistry, University of South Florida, 4202 East Fowler Avenue CHE205A, Tampa, Florida 33620, - - 2009
A highly enantioselective hydrogenation of enamides catalyzed by a dual chiral-achiral acid system was developed. By employing a substoichiometric amount of a chiral phosphoric acid and acetic acid, catalyst loadings as low as 1 mol % of the chiral catalyst were sufficient to provide excellent yield and enantioselectivity of the ...
Qing Guangyan - - 2009
Four linear thiourea anion receptors (1-3) derived from simple amino acid have been synthesized and their bonding properties with various chiral N-protected amino acid anions were examined by using UV-vis and fluorescence titration experiments. Receptors 1a, 2, and 3 exhibit excellent enantioselective recognition abilities towards N-Boc-protected alanine anion in the ...
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