Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1668
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Colussi Gianluca G Hypertension Unit, Clinica Medica, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medical Science, University of - - 2014
Aim: The composition of dietary fat affects various modifiable cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular outcomes in the general population. We investigated the effects of the regular consumption of fish meals on the fatty acid composition of red blood cell (RBC) membranes and the relationship of this parameter with the carotid ...
Bhullar Khushwant S KS Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, NS, Canada B2N - - 2014
Hypertension is a crucial risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and contributes to one third of global mortality. In addition to conventional antihypertensive drugs such as captopril, naturally occurring phytochemicals and their analogs are used for reducing the risk and occurrence of hypertension. Herein, we demonstrate the possible use of caffeic ...
Boban Milojkovic M Department of Biochemistry - - 2014
Abstract Purine nucleotide liberation and their metabolic rate of interconversion may be important in the development of hypertension and its renal consequences. In the present study, blood triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), and adenosine monophosphate (AMP) breakdown pathway was evaluated in relation to uric acid concentration and xanthine dehydrogenase/xanthine oxidase ...
Dhaun Neeraj N Clinical Pharmacology Unit, University of Edinburgh, The Queen׳s Medical Research Institute, Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elevated serum uric acid is detected in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and is associated with poor patient outcomes. High serum uric acid is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and renal impairment. We analyzed the effects of endothelin receptor antagonism on serum uric acid in PAH patients participating in ...
Miyazaki Satoshi S Division of Cardiology, Nojima Hospital , Kurayoshi , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To examine effects of a long-acting calcium channel blocker (CCB) azelnidipine on uric acid metabolism in hypertensive patients. Methods: Azelnidipine was administered to 72 patients at a daily dose of 8 mg or 16 mg. In 22 cases out of the 72 patients, a different CCB was switched to azelnidipine. ...
Feig Daniel I DI Department of Pediatrics, Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama, Birmingham School of Medicine. Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
To discuss the evolving data regarding uric acid as a potential cause of hypertension and progressive renal dysfunction and its clinical and research implications. The potential mechanisms by which uric acid could cause vasoconstriction and a progressive ateriolopathy were established in animal models between 1999 and 2004. Since then, there ...
Bačová B B Institute for Heart Research, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, - - 2013
Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) are important components of cell membrane affecting its function and their deficiency is deleterious to health. We have previously shown that spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are prone to life-threatening arrhythmias that are reduced by omega-3 PUFA intake. Purpose of this study was to explore ...
Hemnes Anna R - - 2013
Rationale: Shorter survival in heritable pulmonary arterial hypertension (HPAH), often due to BMPR2 mutation, has been described in association with impaired right ventricular (RV) compensation. HPAH animal models are insulin resistant and cells with BMPR2 mutation have impaired fatty acid oxidation, but whether these findings affect the RV in HPAH ...
Song Kun - - 2013
Previous epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an association between uric acid and hypertension. Our objective was to conduct a prospective cohort study with a nested randomised controlled trial (RCT in cohort) that aims to identify the association of hyperuricemia with the development of hypertension and to examine the efficacy of dietary ...
Sanphui Palash - - 2013
Sildenafil is a drug used to treat erectile dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Because of poor aqueous solubility of the drug, the citrate salt, with improved solubility and pharmacokinetics, has been marketed. However, the citrate salt requires an hour to reach its peak plasma concentration. Thus, to improve solubility and ...
Gonzalez-Muñoz Adrian - - 2013
Thirty-three Chilean corn accessions were screened for the first time regarding their phenolic profiles, total phenolic contents (TPC), antioxidant capacity (DPPH and ABTS) and the in vitro inhibition against key enzymes relevant for hyperglycemia (α-amylase and α-glucosidase) and hypertension (angiotensin I-converting enzyme, ACE-I) in both free and cell wall-bound fractions. ...
Chaudhary Kunal K Harry S. Truman Veterans' Hospital, Columbia, Mo., USA ; Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo., - - 2013
Elevated serum uric acid levels are a frequent finding in persons with obesity, hypertension, cardiovascular and kidney disease as well as in those with the cardiorenal metabolic syndrome (CRS). The increased consumption of a fructose-rich Western diet has contributed to the increasing incidence of the CRS, obesity and diabetes especially ...
Singh Surya S - - 2013
Neurolathyrism is past history in India since Lathyrus sativus (khesari dal) is no longer used as a staple. A consensus has evolved that khesari dal is harmless as part of a normal diet. L-ODAP (β-N-oxalyl-l-α-diamino propionic acid) the neurotoxic amino acid, from this pulse, is detoxified in humans but not ...
Cao Ai-Hua - - 2013
Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are hypothesized to play an important role in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study evaluated LC-PUFAs composition in different encephalic regions by gas chromatography and its association with behaviour on the attentional set-shifting task, open field test and the Morris water maze of spontaneous ...
Nielsen Gorm - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-activated two-pore domain potassium channels (K2P ) have been proposed to be expressed in the pulmonary vasculature. However, their physiological or pathophysiological roles are poorly defined. Here, we tested the hypothesis that PUFA-activated K2P are involved in pulmonary vasorelaxation and that alterations of channel expression are pathophysiologically ...
Ulu Arzu - - 2013
The mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory and anti-hypertensive effects of long chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are still unclear. The epoxides of an ω-6 fatty acid, arachidonic acid (epoxyeicosatrienoic acids; EETs) also exhibit anti-hypertensive and anti-inflammatory effects. Thus, we hypothesized that the major ω-3 PUFAs including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and ...
Rodrigo Ramón - - 2013
Abstract Oxidative stress (OS) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of essential hypertension and is associated with changes in the cell membrane fatty acid composition and fluidity. As (Na,K)-ATPase is modulated by the surrounding lipid microenvironment, lipid peroxidation could alter the interactions of this enzyme with the membrane components. ...
Kim Oh Yoen - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association of cardiac hypertrophy or fibrosis with the phospholipid fatty acid (FA) composition of heart and kidney in hypertensive rats. DESIGN AND METHODS: Eight-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) (n=8) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WKYs, n=8) as a normotensive control, were fed ad libitum for 6 weeks ...
Park Sung Kyun SK Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2013
Few studies have examined the association between hypertension and mercury exposure in the general population. We examined cross-sectional associations between blood (mainly methylmercury) or urinary mercury (mainly inorganic mercury) and hypertension in representative U.S. adults and effect modifications by dietary omega-3 fatty acids and serum selenium. We examined 6607 adults ...
Jeemon Panniyammakal P Centre for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, - - 2013
UA (uric acid) is the final product of purine metabolism in humans and is implicated in many disease conditions. Sustained hyperuricaemia has putative adverse roles in cardiovascular diseases. Despite strong evidence emerging from large epidemiological studies supporting the hypothesis that UA independently influences cardiovascular disease outcomes and mortality, a causal ...
Herrera-Meza M S - - 2013
Saturated and trans fatty acids have been associated with the risk to develop cardiovascular diseases. However, health-promoting effects are associated with consumption of anhydrous milk fat (AMF) and ruminant trans fatty acids, such as conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and vaccenic acid (VA) contained in the lipid fraction of milk and ...
Kanbay Mehmet - - 2013
Hyperuricaemia is common in subjects with cardiovascular disease, but is not commonly considered a true risk factor. Recent studies suggest that uric acid is biologically active and can stimulate oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and vasoconstriction. Epidemiological studies have found that uric acid can independently predict the development of hypertension, ...
Jeppesen Charlotte - - 2013
Polyunsaturated fatty acids are of particular interest in the nutritional therapy for diabetes, given their potential role in several pathophysiological processes related to cardiovascular disease. Both omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are beneficial for improving lipid profiles in healthy individuals and among type 2 diabetic patients: Supplementation with omega-3 fatty ...
Altorf-van der Kuil Wieke - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Inverse associations between dietary protein and hypertension have been reported, which may be attributed to specific amino acids. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the intake of glutamic acid, arginine, cysteine, lysine, or tyrosine was associated with blood pressure (BP) levels (n = 3086) and incident hypertension (n = 1810) in ...
Ryu Wi-Sun - - 2013
Unlike experimental studies indicating a neuroprotective property of uric acid, clinical studies have shown that elevated levels of uric acid are associated with a risk of ischemic stroke. However, the association of uric acid with cerebral hemorrhage has seldom been tested. We aimed to elucidate the association between uric acid ...
Ma Zhiyong - - 2013
Severe acidic pH-activated chloride channel (ICl,acid) has been found in various mammalian cells. In the present study, we investigate whether this channel participates in reactions of the thoracic aorta to severe acidosis and whether it plays a role in hypertension. We measured isometric contraction in thoracic aorta rings from spontaneously ...
Kundu Arpita - - 2013
We have determined the non-synonymous Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of PLD2 gene and its variations in different populations to understand its role in hypertension. Out of 350 SNPs, six are found to be non-synonymous, of which two showed significant damaging effect and SNP variability with large differences among the Minor Allele ...
Gupta Prabha Nini - - 2013
The case report illustrates an acute myocardial infarction (MI) in a 41-year-old hypertensive woman possibly because of an intake of a combination of tranexamic acid and mefenamic acid for dysmenorrhoea and menorrhagia. There are multiple case reports of MI occurring in the setting of the use of antifibrinolytic agents including ...
Sham Tung-Ting - - 2013
The dried ripe seed of Raphanus sativus L., commonly known as radish seed (or Raphani Semen), is used as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat constipation, chronic tracheitis, and hypertension. The major active compounds in Raphani Semen are alkaloids, glucosinolates, brassinosteroids, and flavonoids. Fatty acids are its main nutritional contents. ...
Sedaghat Sanaz - - 2013
There are inconsistent findings on the role of hyperuricemia as an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hypertension has been implicated as a factor influencing the association between serum uric acid and CKD. In this population-based study we investigated the association between serum uric acid and decline in ...
Zhang Chun-Yan CY Department of Cardiac Surgery, Liaocheng People's Hospital of Taishan Medical University, Liaocheng, Shandong, People's Republic of - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between serum uric acid levels and pulmonary hypertension in patients with idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension (IPAH). Serum uric acid levels were measured in 86 patients (mean [± SD] age 35.2±12.3 years; 36 men) with IPAH. Pulmonary arterial pressure and ventricular function were assessed using echocardiography. Serum ...
Helal Imed I Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, - - 2013
Hyperuricemia has been implicated in the development and progression of chronic kidney disease, both in animal experiments and in clinical studies. As a potentially modifiable risk factor, we examined whether serum uric acid levels correlate with early hypertension, kidney volume and progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in autosomal-dominant polycystic ...
Alam Md Ashraful - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Ferulic acid is a simple phenolic acid commonly present in cereals. In this study, changes in heart and kidney structure and function were measured in young L-NAME-treated Wistar rats and 10 month old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) alone and following chronic treatment with ferulic acid (50 mg/kg/day); n=6-10; *p<0.05. ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2012
Over the past century, uric acid has been considered a possible risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. However, only in the past decade, animal models and clinical trials have supported a more mechanistic link. Results from animal models suggest a 2-phase mechanism for the development of hyperuricemic hypertension in ...
Galuska Sebastian P - - 2012
Sialic acid polymers of glycoproteins and glycolipids are characterized by a high diversity in nature and are involved in distinct biological processes depending inter alia on the glycosidic linkages between the present sialic acid residues. Though suitable protocols are available for chain length and sialic acid determination, sensitive methods for ...
Armstrong Christopher W - - 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating multisystem disorder characterized by long-term fatigue with a variety of other symptoms including cognitive dysfunction, unrefreshing sleep, muscle pain, and post-exertional malaise. It is a poorly understood condition that occurs in ~5 in every 1000 individuals. We present here a preliminary study on ...
Hori Katsuhito - - 2012
We have established a high-throughput and sensitive analytical method based on supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (QqQ MS) for 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) fatty acid esters in edible oils. All analytes were successfully separated within 9min without sample purification. The system was precise and sensitive, with a ...
Chivall David - - 2012
Compound-specific stable hydrogen isotope analysis of fatty acids is being used increasingly as a means of deriving information from a diverse range of materials of archaeological, geological and environmental interest. Preparative steps required prior to isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) analysis have the potential to alter determined δD values and ...
Ichihara Ken'ichi - - 2012
Rapid, convenient methods have been developed for fatty acid analysis of membrane glycerophospholipids in microorganisms. Fatty acid methyl esters derived from glycerophospholipids have been prepared directly from wet pellets of Escherichia coli cells or Saccharomyces cerevisiae spheroplasts without lipid extraction and fractionation in high yields under mild temperature conditions for ...
Motokura Ken - - 2012
A copper-catalyzed formic acid synthesis from CO(2) with hydrosilanes has been accomplished. The Cu(OAc)(2)·H(2)O-1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene system is highly effective for the formic acid synthesis under 1 atm of CO(2). The TON value approached 8100 in 6 h. The reaction pathway was revealed by in situ NMR analysis and isotopic experiments.
Ebba Sahbina - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine whether humans could detect long-chain fatty acids when these lipid molecules are delivered to the oral cavity by edible taste strips. For suprathreshold studies, up to 1.7 μmol of stearic acid or linoleic acid was incorporated into 0.03 mm thick, one-inch square ...
Magalhães Danielly de Paiva - - 2012
An image analysis biomonitoring system was used to evaluate sublethal effects of pH on the mean swimming velocity of zebrafish. Responses to stress were tested comparing individual and group responses. Group analysis indicated no effect for all acid pH and for pH 9.0-9.5. Individual analysis indicated behavioral differences for most ...
Payeur Amy L - - 2012
A comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC×GC) time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was developed for determination of fatty acids (irrespective of origin, i.e., both free fatty acids and fatty acids bound in sources such as triglycerides) in cultured mammalian cells. The method was applied to INS-1 cells, an insulin-secreting cell line commonly ...
Zhang Zhao-Cai - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the value of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (hFABP) as a novel clinical biomarker in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS: Serum concentrations of hFABP and traditional cardiac biomarkers including cardiac troponin I, creatine kinase-MB, and B-type natriuretic peptides levels were measured within ...
Kim Jae Kwang - - 2012
Lipophilic compounds from Korean perilla ( Perilla frutescens ) seeds were characterized to determine the diversity among their phytochemicals and to analyze relationships between their contents. Twenty-four metabolites consisting of policosanol, phytosterol, tocopherol, and fatty acids were identified. The metabolite profiles were subjected to data mining processes, including principal component ...
Matsui Toru - - 2012
We report a scheme for estimating the acid dissociation constant (pK(a)) based on quantum-chemical calculations combined with a polarizable continuum model, where a parameter is determined for small reference molecules. We calculated the pK(a) values of variously sized molecules ranging from an amino acid to a protein consisting of 300 ...
Delmonte Pierluigi - - 2012
The SLB-IL111, a new ionic liquid capillary column for gas chromatography available from Supelco Inc., was recently shown to provide enhanced separation of unsaturated geometric and positional isomers of fatty acid (FAs) when it was compared to cyanopropylsiloxane (CPS) columns currently recommended for the analysis of fatty acid methyl esters ...
Jinnouchi Ryosuke - - 2012
A first principles theory combined with a continuum electrolyte theory is applied to adsorption of sulfuric acid anions on Pt(111) in 0.1 M H(2)SO(4) solution. The theoretical free energy diagram indicates that sulfuric acid anions adsorb as bisulfate in the potential range of 0.41 < U≤ 0.48 V (RHE) and ...
Woon Esther C Y - - 2012
2-Oxoglutarate dependent nucleic acid demethylases are of biological interest because of their roles in nucleic acid repair and modification. Although some of these enzymes are linked to physiology, their regulatory roles are unclear. Hence there is a desire to develop selective inhibitors for them; we report studies on AlkB which ...
Liu Guansai - - 2012
Densely functionalized cyclopentenones are useful synthetic intermediates. We report herein a new method to synthesize this important class of compounds through a highly enantioselective (98 → 99% ee) triene cyclization that is cocatalyzed by acetic acid and a chiral N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC). We discovered that acetic acid not only could coexist with ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >