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Afiuni-Zadeh Somaieh - - 2011
Simple and efficient microwave-assisted acid hydrolysis (MAAH) of proteins was used for rapid quantification of α-aminoadipic semialdehyde (AAS) and γ-glutamic semialdehyde (GGS) as major protein oxidation markers. The precursor amino acid residues corresponding to AAS and GGS in oxidized proteins were derivatized by reductive amination with sodium cyanoborohydride (NaCNBH(3)) and ...
Li Baoshan - - 2011
Mesoporous silica pillared clay (SPC) materials with different contents of H(3)PW(12)O(40) (HPW) heteropoly acid were synthesized by introducing HPW into clay interlayer template in an acidic suspension using sol-gel method. Samples with similar HPW loadings were also prepared by impregnation method using SPC as the support. The results of the ...
Kiss Loránd - - 2011
A regio- and stereoselective approach to fluorinated β-aminocyclohexene or cyclohexane esters has been developed, starting from a bicyclic β-lactam (1). The procedure involves six or seven steps, based on regio- and stereoselective iodolactonization, lactone opening and hydroxy-fluorine exchange. The method has been extended to the synthesis of fluorinated amino ester ...
Quehenberger Oswald - - 2011
Historically considered to be simple membrane components serving as structural elements and energy storing entities, fatty acids are now increasingly recognized as potent signaling molecules involved in many metabolic processes. Quantitative determination of fatty acids and exploration of fatty acid profiles have become common place in lipid analysis. We present ...
Miller Benjamin L - - 2011
Nucleic acids were one of the first biological targets explored with DCC, and research into the application has continued to yield novel and useful structures for sequence- and structure-selective recognition of oligonucleotides. This chapter reviews major developments in DNA- and RNA-targeted DCC, including methods under development for the conversion of ...
Xiao Xiao - - 2011
This paper describes an effective chiral base-catalyzed biomimetic transamination of α-keto esters using simple benzyl amines. A wide variety of α-amino esters containing various functional groups can be synthesized in high enantioselectiv-ity and reasonable yield.
Strieglerová Lenka - - 2011
Electromembrane extraction (EME) proved to be a simple and rapid pretreatment method for analysis of amino acids and related compounds in body fluid samples. Body fluids were acidified to the final concentration of 2.5M acetic acid and served as donor solutions. Amino acids, present as cations in the donor solutions, ...
Hayamizu Kohsuke - - 2011
In nutrition studies, it is often of primary interest to determine the critical threshold value of some biological quantities. To determine the amino acid requirement, the tracer approach including the indicator amino acid oxidation method is useful for the investigation of human subjects. In this approach, measurements of amino acids ...
Reston Eg - - 2011
Purpose This article describes a minimally invasive technique for removal of intrinsic enamel stains and discoloration. The technique is based on enamel microabrasion with application of an acid-abrasive gel. Treatment may be complemented with composite resin to compensate for the effects of acid or to finish the masking effect.
Elmarrouni Abdelatif - - 2011
Coupling reaction between electron-rich 2-morpholino-4(3H)-pyrimidinone and nucleophilic side chains of several natural α-amino acids promoted by phosphonium salt has been developed to prepare new optically active pyrimidin-4-yl amino acids. The best results were obtained using a two-step method through the easily available benzotriazolyl-1-oxy intermediate. A detailed optimization study of this ...
Maki Tomoharu - - 2011
A simple and sensitive flow injection fluorometric method for the determination of ascorbic acid is described. Perylenebisimide-linked nitroxide (PBILN) is used as a fluorescent reagent, which permits the selective determination of ascorbic acid. The fluorescence of the perylenebisimide moiety in PBILN is quenched by the nitroxide moiety, which is linked ...
Cavazza Antonella - - 2011
A new analytical method for the detection and the quantitative evaluation of the undecapeptide substance P by capillary electrophoresis coupled with ion trap mass spectrometry (CE-MS) by a co-axial sheath liquid interface has been developed. Conditions of analysis employed an acidic buffer and a 60cm fused silica capillary installed by ...
Nie Ai-Ying - - 2011
Quantitative proteomics is one of the research hotspots in the proteomics field and presently maturing rapidly into an important branch. The two most typical quantitative methods, stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ), have been widely and effectively ...
Narayan Srinivas B - - 2011
Abstract Background: Since the early 1960s, quantitative amino acid analysis (AAA) has traditionally been performed using ion-exchange chromatography with post-column ninhydrin derivatization. This established technology has many advantages, including relatively low cost of operation and ease of use. However, analysis times of 120+ min and high maintenance requirements make this ...
Demarchi Beatrice - - 2011
Shell middens are one of the most important and widespread indicators for human exploitation of marine resources and occupation of coastal environments. Establishing an accurate and reliable chronology for these deposits has fundamental implications for understanding the patterns of human evolution and dispersal. This paper explores the potential application of ...
Raffrenato E - - 2011
The objective of this study was to evaluate the methodology of the acid detergent lignin (ADL) assay in an effort to evaluate particle loss, improve repeatability, and decrease variation within and among samples. The original ADL method relied on asbestos as a filtering aid, but that was removed in 1989 ...
Suchý Mojmír - - 2011
A simple, convenient, and wide scope protocol for the N-formylation of amino acid esters and primary amines has been developed utilizing only imidazole in warm DMF.
Sun Zhiyong - - 2011
A novel optical chemosensor was fabricated based on 1-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid sodium (H-acid) intercalated layered double hydroxide (LDH) film via the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) method. The film of H-acid/LDH with the thickness of 1μm possesses a well c-orientation of the LDH microcrystals confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy ...
Shishehbore M Reza - - 2011
In this study, a new method is proposed for the determination of trace amounts of folic acid (vitamin B(9)). This method is based on the inhibitory effect of folic acid on the reaction of Thionine and bromate in sulfuric acid media. The reaction can be monitored spectrophotometrically by measuring the ...
Bhushan R - - 2011
The present paper describes an updated knowledge and status on Marfey's reagent (MR), 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrophenyl-5-l-alanine amide (FDNP-l-Ala-NH(2)). The reagent is used for pre-column derivatization of amino acids followed by HPLC separation of the diastereomers so formed. Emphasis is put on the design and application of structural variants which are synthesized by ...
Chan Julian M W - - 2011
A tandem gold-catalyzed cycloisomerization/Suzuki cross coupling sequence involving arylethynyl-N-methyliminodiacetic acid boronates is described. Combining the mildness of homogeneous gold catalysis with the versatility of N-methyliminodiacetic acid (MIDA) boronates, this tandem two-step method enables the rapid assembly of various aryl-substituted heterocycles without having to isolate or purify any heterocyclic MIDA boronate ...
Klingler Mario - - 2011
Tissue and blood fatty acid compositions are used as biological markers of fatty acid intakes to improve dietary assessments. These approaches are invasive and not well accepted, particularly in infants and young children. We developed a sensitive method for the analysis of fatty acids in cheek cell glycerophospholipids, which includes ...
Zhang Ling - - 2011
Aglaianine (1), a new cinnamic acid-derived bisamide, together with 10 known compounds was isolated from the 95% ethanol extraction of the leaves of Aglaia abbreviata. The structure of 1 was elucidated by means of spectroscopic methods.
Jingbo Xia - - 2011
To evaluate the possibility of an unknown protein to be a resistant gene against Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, a different mode of pseudo amino acid composition (PseAAC) is proposed to formulate the protein samples by integrating the amino acid composition, as well as the Chaos games representation (CGR) method. Some ...
Sivaraman Sankar Kalidas - - 2011
The Turkevich method for synthesizing gold nanoparticles, using sodium citrate as the reducing agent, is renowned for its ability to produce biocompatible colloids with mean size>10nm. Here we show that monodisperse gold nanoparticles in the 5-10nm size range can be synthesized by simply reversing the order of addition of reactants, ...
Dumlao Darren S - - 2011
Fatty acid-derived eicosanoids and N-acylethanolamines (NAE) are important bioactive lipid mediators involved in numerous biological processes including cell signaling and disease progression. To facilitate research on these lipid mediators, we have developed a targeted high-throughput mass spectrometric based methodology to monitor and quantitate both eicosanoids and NAEs, and can be ...
Okamoto Akimitsu - - 2011
An excitonic interaction caused by the H-aggregation of fluorescent dyes is a new type of useful photophysical process for fluorescence-controlled nucleic acid sensing. This critical review points out the recent advances in exciton-controlled hybridization-sensitive fluorescent oligonucleotide (ECHO) probes, which have a fluorescence-labeled nucleotide in which two molecules of thiazole orange ...
Mundhada Hemanshu - - 2011
Generating high-quality mutant libraries in which each amino acid is equally targeted and substituted in a chemically diverse manner is crucial to obtain improved variants in small mutant libraries. The sequence saturation mutagenesis method (SeSaM-Tv(+) ) offers the opportunity to generate such high-quality mutant libraries by introducing consecutive mutations and ...
Zhao Xiaoyan - - 2011
The 7S and 11S globulins from soybean proteins using reverse micelle and aqueous buffer extraction methods were characterized by using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and scanning electron microscope (SEM), and their amino acid compositions were also evaluated. SDS-PAGE did not show electrophoretic differences between 7S and 11S ...
Ahuja T - - 2011
An enzyme immobilization matrix is described by preparing a self-assembly of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) over a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) on an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) coated glass plate. The surface of the GNPs was modified with a mixed (1:9) SAM of 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA) and 3-mercapto-propionic acid (MPA). The ...
Cravotto Giancarlo - - 2011
Kiwi seed oil has a nutritionally interesting fatty acid profile, but a rather low oxidative stability, which requires careful extraction procedures and adequate packaging and storage. For these reasons and with the aim to achieve process intensification with shorter extraction time, lower energy consumption and higher yields, four different non-conventional ...
Mihichuk Lynn M - - 2011
Fundamental aspects of Brønsted acidity in ionic liquid systems, in relation to those of simple protic molecules in the gas phase, pure protic molecules in the condensed phase and solutions of protic molecules in molecular systems, are presented. The variety of acidities possible, beyond those observed in aqueous systems, is ...
Patra Digambara - - 2011
The effects of silver nanoparticles on the photophysical properties of 1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione, popularly known as curcumin, have been investigated using optical absorption and fluorescence techniques. Although absorption spectroscopy suggests a ground-state complex formation, fluorescence quenching data confirms a simultaneous static and dynamic quenching, inferring ground as well as excited-state complex formation. ...
Gao Shouhong - - 2011
A rapid and sensitive method using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was developed and validated for simultaneous quantitative determination of valproic acid and three major metabolites (3-OH-valproic acid, 4-ene-valproic acid and 5-OH-valproic acid) in human plasma. The analytes and internal standard were isolated from 200μL samples by solid phase extraction ...
Guo Sheng - - 2011
The leaves of Ziziphus jujuba and Z. jujuba var. spinosa have been utilized as crude drugs for their health benefits in China for thousands of years. To control their quality, a reliable method based on high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photo diode array and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry detection ...
Zhang Tiliang - - 2011
The CdTe dots (QDs) coated with 2-Mercaptoethylamine was prepared in aqueous solution and characterized with fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-Vis absorption spectra, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy. When the λ(ex)=350nm, the fluorescence peak of positively charged CdTe quantum dots is at 592nm. The uric acid is able to quench their ...
Eriksson Emma S E - - 2011
The porphyrin and chlorin parent compounds constitute the base of many potent photosensitizers aimed to be utilized in photodynamic therapy (PDT). However, the photosensitizers available on the market today are not ideal for use in PDT; many of them suffering from drawbacks such as long-lasting photosensitization or absorption at wavelengths ...
Zhang Niu - - 2011
An effective micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography with laser-induced fluorescence detection (MEKC-LIF) method has been proposed for the separation and the determination of 16 amino acids and two catecholamines using a new fluorogenic reagent, 3-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-2-quinolinecarboxaldehyde (Cl-BQCA), as the derivatizing reagent. The highest derivatization efficiency was achieved in pH 8.0 borate buffer at ...
Polavarapu Prasad L PL Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA. - - 2011
Electronic circular dichroism (ECD), optical rotatory dispersion (ORD), and vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) spectra of hibiscus acid dimethyl ester have been measured and analyzed in combination with quantum chemical calculations of corresponding spectra. These results, along with those reported previously for garcinia acid dimethyl ester, reveal that none of these ...
Ganesh S - - 2011
A simple potentiometric method for the determination of free acidity in presence of hydrolysable ions and sequential determination of hydrazine is developed and described. Both free acid and hydrazine are estimated from the same aliquot. In this method, free acid is titrated with standard sodium carbonate solution after the metal ...
Kim Joong Hyun - - 2011
We report an enzymatic method to control the plasmon resonance absorbance of gold nanoparticle (AuNP) arrays assembled on hyaluronic acids. While multiple electrostatic interactions between cysteamine on the AuNPs and the carboxylic acid residues in the whole intact hyaluronic acid induced the formation of large aggregates, precise control of the ...
Truong Thu H - - 2011
We have developed an approach that allows relative quantification of protein sulfenic acids using a pair of light and heavy isotope labled probes, DAz-2 and d(6)-DAz-2. In conjunction with a new complementary acid-cleavable linker, Yn-ACL, we demonstrate that tagged peptides are successfully labeled, enriched, and fully characterized by LC-MS/MS analysis. ...
Pomykalski Arkadiusz - - 2011
The methods for quantitative determination of meloxicam and mefenamic acid in pharmaceuticals by classic spectrophotometry - zero order derivative, first and second order derivatives spectrophotometry is described, using "peak - peak" (P-P) and "peak - zero" (P-O) measurements. The calibration curves are linear within the concentration range of 4.0 - ...
He Jian-Feng - - 2011
The paper presents an on-line transient moving chemical reaction boundary (MCRB) method for simply but efficiently stacking analytes in capillary electrophoresis (CE). The CE technique was developed for a rapid determination of fumaric and maleic acid. Based on the theory of MCRB, Effects of several important factors such as the ...
Pakarinen Annukka - - 2011
The use of energy crops and agricultural residues is expected to increase to fulfil the legislative demands of bio-based components in transport fuels. Ensiling methods, adapted from the feed sector, are suitable storage methods to preserve fresh crops throughout the year for, for example, biogas production. Various preservation methods, namely ...
Sochor Jiri - - 2011
Functional foods are of interest because of their significant effects on human health, which can be connected with the presence of some biologically important compounds. In this study, we carried out complex analysis of 239 apricot cultivars (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivated in Lednice (climatic area T4), South Moravia, Czech Republic. ...
Shii Takuya - - 2011
Chromatographic separation of black tea polyphenols is too difficult to supply sufficient quantities of pure compounds for biological experiments. Thus, facile methods to prepare black tea constituents were desired. Treatment of epigallocatechin gallate with copper(II) chloride efficiently afforded an unstable quinone dimer, dehydrotheasinensin A, and subsequent treatment with ascorbic acid ...
Olate Verónica Rachel - - 2011
Seventeen diterpenes belonging to the labdane, abietane and isopimarane skeleton classes were isolated from the resin of the Chilean gymnosperm Austrocedrus chilensis and identified by spectroscopic and spectrometric methods. The diterpene 12-oxo-labda-8(17),13E-dien-19 oic acid is reported for the first time as a natural product and 14 diterpenes are reported for ...
Li Yongxin - - 2011
This paper describes a facile and effective method to synthesize gold nanoflowers (AuNFs) by a controllable electrodeposition method induced by a L-cysteamine (L-Cys) monolayer self-assembled on the surface of a gold electrode. The AuNFs/L-Cys/Au electrodes were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), cyclic voltammetry, and AC impedance spectroscopy ...
Buurmans Inge L C - - 2011
Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is the major conversion process used in oil refineries to produce valuable hydrocarbons from crude oil fractions. Because the demand for oil-based products is ever increasing, research has been ongoing to improve the performance of FCC catalyst particles, which are complex mixtures of zeolite and binder ...
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