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Zhu Huiguang - - 2002
Alginate-amino acid derivatives were explored to engineer poly(DL-lactic acid)(PDL-LA) as glycocalyx-like surface to promote cell adhesion and growth. Four different kinds of alginate-amino acid derivatives were synthesized to mimic the glycocalyx of cell membrane to promote chondrogenesis. The alginate-amino acid derivatives were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR and UV spectra ...
Hess E - - 2002
2-[18F]Fluoro-L-tyrosine is a fluorine labelled amino acid, known to be incorporated into newly synthesised proteins, rendering it a potentially suitable tracer to image protein metabolism in vivo using positron emission tomography. For the electrophilic preparation of 2-[18F]fluoro-L-tyrosine three protected 2-trialkylstannyl tyrosine derivatives have been synthesised for the first time as ...
Bartzatt Ronald - - 2002
Barbituric acid is widely used in the manufacturing of plastics, textiles, polymers, and pharmaceuticals. Three assay methods are presented, which can utilize either aqueous or solid samples. The detection of as little as 10 microg of barbituric acid can be accomplished, either as an aqueous or solid sample, when using ...
Fan K W - - 2002
Zoospores of mangrove isolates of Schizochytrium mangrovei KF6, KF7, KF12 (three strains), Thraustochytrium striatum KF9 and Ulkenia sp. KF13 were examined for their chemotactic responses to amino acids, carbohydrates, ethanol, and leaf extracts using a capillary root model. Most leaf extracts of mangrove plants and a marsh grass tested were ...
Alvarez-Ibarra Carlos - - 2002
alpha,beta-Didehydroglutamates have been diastereoselectively transformed into 6-oxoperhydropyridazine-3-carboxylic acid derivatives (OPCAs), which constitute a new class of cyclic amino acid derivatives. Acylation at N-1 renders dipeptides which show considerable conformational rigidity. Semiempirical calculations suggest that OPCAs might force peptide turns with different amplitudes depending on the substitution pattern and relative stereochemistry ...
Acharya Achyuta N - - 2002
The solid-phase syntheses of dihydroimidazolyl 2-alkylthiobenzimidazoles, dihydroimidazolyl 2-alkylsulfonylbenzimidazoles, dihydroimidazolyl dihydroquinoxalin-2,3-diones, and dihydroimidazolyl dihydrobenzimidazol-2-imines are described. Following reduction of a resin-bound amino acid amide, the primary amine of the resulting resin-bound diamine was N-acylated with 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid. Treatment with POCl3 led to formation of a dihydroimidazole derivative via dehydrative cyclization. The ...
Ono Machiko - - 2002
Three kinds of seco-macrosphelide A congeners, (4R,5S,10R,11S,15S)-6, (4R,5S,9S,14R,15S)-7 and (3S,8R,9S,14R,15S)-8 were chemically synthesized, and they were exposed to the lipase OF-360 from Candida rugosa to give three hydroxy carboxylic acids, respectively. Macrolactonization of the hydroxy acid (4R,5S,10R,11S)-18 derived from (4R,5S,10R,11S,15S)-6 gave 12-membered lactone (19) in 47% overall yield from 6, ...
Jakab Annamaria - - 2002
Retention parameters of 45 barbituric acid derivatives were determined on an amide embedded RP silica column using non-buffered water-dioxan eluent systems. Linear correlations were calculated between the logarithm of the capacity factor and the dioxan concentration in the eluent. Six different retention parameters of each barbituric acid derivative were correlated ...
Kucerová Z - - 2002
Affinity chromatography was used to study an interaction of aspartic proteinases with immobilized aromatic amino acids and their derivatives. The following ligands were used: L-tyrosine, 3-iodo-L-tyrosine, 3,5-diiodo-L-tyrosine, L-phenylalanine, p-iodo-L-phenylalanine and N-acetyl-L-phenylalanine. With the exception of the last one, ligands were coupled directly to divinyl sulfone activated Sepharose 4B. For the ...
Szakonyi Zsolt - - 2002
Reaction of N-benzoyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline-2-carboxylic acid with acetic anhydride resulted in 1H,3H,5H-oxazolo[3,4-a]quinolin-3-one derivative 13. Different cyclopropanation processes were applied to 13, but only diazomethane in the presence of water furnished the hitherto unknown methyl 1,2,7,7a-tetrahydro-1aH-cyclopropa[b]quinoline-1a-carboxylate 14, which can be considered as a doubly constrained 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid system. The mechanism of the cyclopropanation ...
Copik Alicja - - 2002
The title compounds were obtained from appropriate 5-substituted uracil derivatives and 1,2-oxy-3-methoxypropane in the presence of sodium hydride. Under similar conditions 5-iodouracil gave 2-methoxymethyl-2,3-dihydro-oxazolo[3,2-c]pyrimidine-5,7-dione as a result of intramolecular cine type nucleophilic substitution. Cytotoxicity of 1-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxypropyl)-5-substituted uracil derivatives against L1210 and macrophage RAW 264.7 cells in vitro was examined.
Mengerink Y - - 2002
The composition of the amino acid and amine derivatives obtained with the o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA)/3-mercaptopropionic acid (MPA) and with the OPA/N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) reagents was investigated by on-line HPLC-electrospray ionization MS. The initially formed derivatives proved to be, as expected, the corresponding isoindoles while their transformed species contained one additional OPA molecule. ...
Kutlán D - - 2002
A comprehensive evaluation of papers dealing with the HPLC quantitation of amines as o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) derivatives has been given and discussed in details. The stability and characteristics of selected representatives of mono [methyl-, ethyl-, n-/isopropyl, n-/isobutyl-, tert.-butyl-, sec.-butyl-, isoamyl amines and ethanolamine), di- and polyamines (ethylenediamine, 1,2-propylenediamine, 1,3-propylenediamine, agmatine, tyramine, ...
Pedras M Soledade C - - 2002
Destruxins, secondary metabolites first reported in 1961, are cyclic hexadepsipeptides composed of an alpha-hydroxy acid and five amino acid residues. The name "destruxin" is derived from "destructor" from the species Oospora destructor, the entomopathogenic fungus from which these metabolites were first isolated. Individual destruxins differ on the hydroxy acid, N-methylation, ...
Jakab Annamaria - - 2002
Retention parameters of 45 different barbituric acid derivatives were determined on an amide embedded RP silica column (Discovery RP-AmideC16) using non-buffered water-acetonitrile eluent systems. Linear correlation were calculated between the logarithm of the capacity factor and the acetonitrile concentration in the eluent. To determine the retention behavior of barbituric acid ...
del Olmo Esther - - 2002
A number of aliphatic diamines and amino-alcohols and several of their alkyl, acyl and carbamoyl derivatives, have been synthesised and evaluated in vitro on cultures of Leishmania spp. In general, diamine derivatives resulted to be more potent than their amino-alcohol or amino-ether analogues. Two diamine derivatives (8b and 9d) and ...
Hayasaka Yoji - - 2002
Red wine extracts were screened for potential wine pigments derived from anthocyanins, using a combination of nanoelectrospray tandem mass spectrometry techniques. Fourteen aglycons were considered to be of anthocyanidin origin on the basis of their MS/MS spectra. The proposed structures of the aglycons were anthocyanidin C-4 substituted with vinyl linkage ...
Gribble Gordon W - - 2002
The fused heterocycle 4-(phenylsulfonyl)-4H-furo[3,4-b]indole, which is an indole-2,3-quinodimethane synthetic analogue, is prepared in five steps from indole in 46% yield. A similar sequence is used to synthesize C-3 derivatives (3-methyl, 3-phenyl, and 3-heptyl). Thus, indole-3-carbaldehyde (1) is protected as the N-phenylsulfonyl derivative 2 and converted to the ethylene acetal 6. ...
Ludwig Thomas - - 2002
This paper describes the improved synthesis of n.c.a. 4- 18F]fluorophenol for the preparation of 18F-labeled alkylarylethers. Nucleophilic fluorination of substituted benzophenone derivatives yielded n.c.a. 4- 18F]fluoro-4'-substituted benzophenones with 80- 90% RCY, which were converted to benzoic acid phenylesters by treatment with peracetic acid. Strong electron-withdrawing substituents like nitro, cyano and ...
Hasuoka Atsushi - - 2002
The novel natural antibiotics pyloricidin A, B and C, which possess potent and highly selective anti-Helicobacter pylori activity, were synthesized from D-galactosamine as a chiral template for the common (2S,3R,4R,5S)-5-amino-2,3,4,6-tetrahydroxyhexanoic acid moiety. The synthetic strategy, using 2-amino-2-deoxyuronic acid derivatives as key intermediates, was also useful to prepare a series of ...
Król Wojciech - - 2002
Flavonoids are a group of naturally occurring compounds with interesting medical properties, such as antiinflammatory, antiallergic, antiviral, antibacterial and antitumor activities. In our experiments we were trying to examine the tumoricidal activity of newly synthesized derivatives of two flavonoids: 3,5,7,2',4'-pentahydroxyflavone (morin) and 3,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavone (quercetin). These derivatives were: natrium salt of ...
Baritaki Stavroula - - 2002
Two poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) families with amino-acid residues (glycine, beta-alanine, gamma-aminobutiric acid and epsilon-aminocaproic acid) on the base of the co-polymer N-vinyl pyrrolidone and allyl-glycidyl ether (VP-AGE) and on the base of epoxidized PVP (EPVP) were synthesized. Static and dynamic light scattering measurements of these PVP derivatives in water ...
Zemaitis Michael - - 2002
A simple one-step procedure for derivatization of the omega hydroxy fatty acids 20-hydroxyeicotetraeonic acid and 12-hydroxylauric acid is presented. The procedure involves acylation of the terminal hydroxy group and esterification of the carboxylic acid with a mixture of pentafluoropropionic anhydride and pentafluoropropanol. Positive and negative ion spectra for the derivatives ...
Miki Takashi - - 2002
The (3,5-trans)-7-chloro-5-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2,3,5-tetrahydro-4,1-benzoxazepine-3-acetic acid derivatives 1 have been previously identified as potent squalene synthase inhibitors. A series of (4,1-benzoxazepin-3-ylidene)acetic acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibition of rat and human squalene synthase, and the (E)-isomers were found to exhibit potent inhibitory activity, with the same potency as 4,1-benzoxazepine-3-acetic acid ...
Chen P C - - 2002
The molecular geometries and internal rotational barriers of the nitro group of 3-nitrotoluene (3-NT), 4-nitrotoluene (4-NT), 3-nitrophenol (3-NP), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), 3-nitroaniline (3-NA), and 4-nitroaniline (4-NA) were calculated by five different types of density functional theory (DFT) methods with three different levels of basis sets. Analyses of the torsional angles of ...
Clark R J - - 2001
Three new amino alcohols presumably deriving from L-alanine were isolated from the tropical marine sponge Haliclona n. sp. and characterized by 2D NMR, while a fourth amino alcohol was characterized as an acetamide derivative. Relative stereochemistry was deduced from the NMR characteristics of oxazolidinone derivatives and absolute stereochemistry secured by ...
Chamkha M - - 2001
The ability of Clostridium aerotolerans DSM 5434T, Clostridium celerecrescens DSM 5628T, Clostridium methoxybenzovorans DSM 12182T, Clostridium stercorarium ATCC 35414T, Clostridium subterminale DSM 2636, Clostridium termitidis DSM 5398T, Clostridium thermolacticum DSM 2910T, Clostridium thermopalmarium DSM 5974T and Clostridium xylanolyticum DSM 6555T to metabolize cinnamic acid and various derivatives, with or without ...
Scozzafava A - - 2001
Substituted urea derivatives were prepared by reacting 3,4-dichlorophenyl isocyanate with amino acids, dipeptides, histamine or dicyandiamide among others, or from N,N-diphenyl-carbamoyl chloride and amino acids, dipeptides, or histamine. Other derivatives were obtained by reaction of PABA or PAS with arylsulfonyl halides. Some of the new compounds showed appreciable activity as ...
Dukler A - - 2001
The use of polymeric derivatives of phenylboronic acid (PBA) as an effective means for specific in situ product removal of ketoses from aldose-containing reaction mixtures, strongly depends on the retention of selective binding of ketoses exhibited by soluble PBA and 3-amino PBA, by their polymeric, water insoluble analogs. In this ...
Usifoh C O - - 2001
In order to study the influence of the length of the amino acid chain of N,N-phthaloyl-amino acid amides as analogues of the former anticonvulsant taltrimide on the seizure-antagonizing activity glycine, beta-alanine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivatives were synthesized. The corresponding taurine derivatives were also included. Generally, the glycine-derived amides showed ...
Shireman B T - - 2001
The cis/trans isomerization of the proline amide bond has many implications in biological processes. The conformations of representative acylnitroso-derived proline analogues derived from cyclopentadiene were shown to exist exclusively as the E or trans conformation in CD2Cl2. The energetically favored conformations were determined using COSMO self-consistent reaction field calculations at ...
Warden A - - 2001
[structure: see text]. The coordination environment of 1,4,7-triazacyclononane can be adapted, through sequential functionalization of two secondary amines, to generate ligands applicable in biomimetic studies. Two "amino acids" and an amino derivative have been prepared from 1,4,7-triazatricyclo[5.2.1.0(4,10)]decane. This synthon allows efficient attachment of one functional group to the macrocyclic ring, ...
Sietmann R - - 2001
The yeast Trichosporon mucoides, grown on either glucose or phenol, was able to transform biphenyl into a variety of mono-, di-, and trihydroxylated derivatives hydroxylated on one or both aromatic rings. While some of these products accumulated in the supernatant as dead end products, the ortho-substituted dihydroxylated biphenyls were substrates ...
Jung J C - - 2001
A series of 2-substituted 6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acids was prepared and evaluated for antibacterial activity. The 6-fluoro-2-methyl-1-prenyl-1,4-dihydro-7-(3,5-dimethylpiperazinyl)-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid (14f) exhibited the most potent antibacterial activity against gram-positive bacteria among the total 32 derivatives. The synthetic strategies involve the use of well known keto ester condensation of benzoyl chloride and reductive cyclization of ...
Silk P J - - 2001
Two strains of the basidiomycete, Bjerkandera adusta (DAOM 215869 and BOS55) produce in static liquid culture, phenyl, veratryl, anisyl and chloroanisyl metabolites (CAM's) (alcohols, acids and aldehydes) as well as a series of compounds not previously known to be produced by Bjerkandera species: 1-phenyl, 1-anisyl, 1-(3-chloro-4-methoxy) and 1-(3,5-dichloro-4-methoxy) propan-1,2-diols, predominantly ...
Tang Y J - - 2001
Three new hypocrellin derivatives, amino- or amino acid-substituted on the side ring of hypocrellin B (HB), were synthesized by the reactions of HB with 3-methoxypropylamine, 6-aminohexanoic acid and gamma-amino-n-butyric acid, respectively. The structures of these compounds were characterized with proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, infrared spectra and mass spectra. The ...
Arai M - - 2001
Gametogenesis of Plasmodium in vitro can be induced by the combined stimulus of a 5 degrees C fall in temperature and the presence of xanthurenic acid (XA). In-vitro experiments showed that P. gallinaceum (EC(50)=80 nM) is much more sensitive to XA than P. berghei (9 microM), P. yoelii (8 microM), ...
Hur J Y - - 2001
Aster scaber T. (Asteraceae) has been used to treat bruises, snakebite, headache, and dizziness in traditional Chinese medicine. In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of four quinic acid derivatives from A. scaber on amyloid Abeta-induced PC12 cell toxicity was investigated. When cells were treated with quinic acid derivatives prior ...
Chow H F - - 2001
The Suzuki coupling of optically active (S)-binaphthyl bromide 10 with (S)-binaphthyl boronic acid 11 produced a diastereomeric mixture of tetrahydroxyquaternaphthyls 4. The coupling products 4as well as their derivatives 5-7 can be considered as members of the family of 1,1'-binaphthyl-3,3'-diols. The C-1-C'-1 axis of all these compounds was found to ...
Xie W - - 2001
Water-soluble chitosan derivatives were prepared by graft copolymerization of maleic acid sodium onto hydroxypropyl chitosan and carboxymethyl chitosan sodium. Their scavenging activities against hydroxyl radical *OH were investigated by chemiluminescence technique. They exhibit IC(50) values ranging from 246 to 498 microg/mL, which should be attributed to their different contents of ...
Harada K - - 2001
During the course of establishing the advanced Marfey's method that has been developed to non-empirically determine the absolute configuration of constituent amino acids in a peptide using LC-MS, we encountered the "ornitine mystery" in the di-DLA (2,4-dinitrophenyl-5-leucinamide) derivative such that the elution order of ornitine (Orn) was opposite (D-->L) in ...
Guibal E - - 2001
Glutaraldehyde-cross-linked chitosan (GCC), thiourea derivative of chitosan (TGC) and rubeanic acid derivative of chitosan (RADC) have previously been shown to be very efficient at removing platinum and palladium from single component dilute acidic solutions. This study examines the competitive sorption of these metal anions in bi-component mixtures for GCC, TGC ...
Ganther H E - - 2001
A new series of Se-substituted phenylalanine derivatives has been synthesized having the para position of the phenyl ring substituted by selenocyanate (-SeCN), seleninic acid (-SeO(2)H), or selenol (-SeH) functional groups. The starting material for synthesis was 4'-aminophenylalanine, which is readily available in DL- or L- forms. Selenium was incorporated into ...
Lee M J - - 2001
On the basis of the propensity of Piloty's acid to generate nitroxyl (HNO), we previously prepared a number of N,O-bisacylated Piloty's acid derivatives and showed that such prodrugs underwent a disproportionation reaction following ester hydrolysis to give an unstable intermediate that hydrolyzed to nitroxyl. To expand the versatility of this ...
Yoshikawa M - - 2001
Six kinds of tripeptide derivative consisting of L-glutamic acid gamma-benzyl ester [Glu(OBzl)] (E) and L-phenylalanine (Phe) (F), i.e. EEF, EFE, FEE, FEF, FFE and FFF, were converted into chiral recognition sites by adopting Boc-L-Trp as a print molecule. The formed chiral recognition sites discriminated between Ac-L-Trp and the corresponding D-isomer, ...
Dawood N T - - 2001
Chlorination of 6-aryl-3-cyano-2-pyridone-4-carboxylic acid (1) afforded the corresponding acid chloride (2) and the 2-chloro derivative (3). Esterification of (2) gave the corresponding esters (4a; b). Hydrazinolysis of (4a) afforded the respective pyridazinone derivative (5). Treatment of 6-aryl-2-chloro-3-cyano-4-pyridine carboxylic acid (3) with acetyl hydrazine, gave the triazinopyridine derivative (6), while treatment ...
Malykh E V - - 2001
A procedure was developed for acylation of Bowman-Birk soybean proteinase inhibitor (BBI) by N-hydroxysuccinimide esters of oleic, linoleic, and alpha-linolenic acids in a dimethyl sulfoxide-dioxane-pyridine mixture. BBI derivatives containing two acylated amino groups were prepared with high yield. The use of the reversible modifier citraconic anhydride in the first stage ...
Ohkura K - - 2001
In contrast to the previously reported short time required (1 h) for photolysis of 6-chloro-1,3-dimethyluracil (6-CIDMU) and mesitylene, in the presence of TFA, resulting in two major products: 1,3,6,8,10-pentamethylcyclooctapyrimidine derivative (1d), and diazapentacyclo[6.4.0.0(1,3).0(2,5).0(4,8)]dodecane (2c), prolonged irradiation (18h) of this same mixture yields novel pentalenopyrimidine derivatives, including diazapentacyclo[6.4.0.0(1,3).0(2,6).0(4,8)]dodecane (3c).
Habib E S - - 2001
Streptomyces microflavus strain No. 2445 produces many derivatives of fattiviracin antibiotics. The major product of these derivatives is fattiviracin FV-8, which consists of four glucose and two trihydroxy fatty acid residues. We found that this strain has the ability to convert several sugars in the culture medium to glucose, and ...
Seki M - - 2001
An SN2-type of substitution of (S)-bromide 4, which had been prepared from L-aspartic acid, with potassium thiobenzoate provided (R)-benzoylthio derivative 5 with complete inversion of the configuration. Compound 5 was converted, via iodide 6c, to (R)-4-amino-3-benzoylthiobutyric acid 8b. (R)-4-Mercapto pyrrolidine-2-thione 1 was readily obtained from 8b through cyclization with acetic ...
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