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Rontani J-F - - 2004
The electron ionization (EI) mass spectral fragmentation of omega-hydroxycarboxylic and omega-dicarboxylic acid trimethylsilyl derivatives was investigated. The mass spectra of these compounds exhibited fragment ions resulting from classical fragmentation of the trimethylsilyl ether and ester groups, and others resulting from the interactions between the two functionalities (m/z 147, 204, 217, ...
Monsur Ali Md - - 2004
We have previously demonstrated that the phenylsulfide and phenylsulfoxide derivatives of 2-amino-6-vinylpurine exhibit efficient cross-linking with high selectivity towards cytidine through synchronous activation within duplex. In this study, we synthesized their conjugates with PEG for possible application to in vitro as well as in vivo antisense agents. Thus, the ODN ...
Berardini Nicolai - - 2004
Polyphenolics were extracted from peels, pulp and kernels of mango fruits (Mangifera indica L. cv. 'Tommy Atkins') and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. In the peel 18 gallotannins and five benzophenone derivatives were detected which were tentatively identified as galloylated maclurin and iriflophenone glucosides. Twenty-one and eight ...
Shariat Mehdi - - 2004
A new method has been designed to prepare the known benzoxazinone derivative 2-(N-phthaloylmethyl)-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one (4). The acyl chloride derivative N-phthaloylglycine reacts with anthranilic acid in chloroform, in the presence of triethylamine, to give an intermediate that is then reacted with cyanuric chloride, used as a cyclization agent, to produce the benzoxazinone ...
Um Soo-Jong - - 2003
To synthesize glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) derivatives (3, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, 15, and 16), we first removed the ketonic group in the C-11 position, and the carboxylic function at the C-30 position was kept intact, reduced to an alcohol, or transformed to an aldehyde corresponding derivatives 10 and 13. ...
Malpass John R - - 2003
Successful nucleophilic substitution at a methylene attached to the bridgehead (1-) position of the 2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexane ring system opens the way to construction of novel derivatives having a wider range of functional groups attached to the 1-position via a methylene "spacer" (including the beta-amino acid homologue of 2,4-methanoproline) and provides access ...
Tossi Alessandro - - 2003
We have extended a highly flexible method for rapidly assembling aspartic protease inhibitors to produce symmetric and asymmetric monohydroxyethylene peptidomimetics. This method is based on the prior synthesis of the central non-cleavable peptide-bond isostere [NH(2)-P(1)psiP1'-NH(2); psi=hydroxyethylene isostere, HNCH(Bz)CHOHCH(2)CH(Bz)NH], with the possibility of accurately controlling its stereochemistry (S,S,S or S,R,S), and ...
Mibu Nobuko - - 2003
4,4'-Dihydroxytriphenylmethanes were synthesized using Brønsted acid or Lewis acid in yields of 24-86% as target compounds for developing antiviral agents. Most of the 4,4'-dihydroxytriphenylmethanes showed significant activity against herpes simplex virus type 1 (anti-HSV-1 activity) in a plaque reduction assay. Higher cytotoxicity was observed generally in halogenated 4,4'-dihydroxytriphenylmethanes (2a-d) than ...
Seong Hasoo - - 2003
Di-branched amino acid derivatives, such as dihexadecyl-glutamate-glutamine (DHD-glu-gln), dihexadecyl-glutamate-asparagine (DHD-glu-asn) and dihexadecyl-glutamate-glutamic acid (DHD-glu-glu), were synthesized, and then incorporated into lipid vesicles (liposomes) using dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC). To form binding sites toward glucose, the liposomes containing amino acid derivatives were mixed with glucose above the phase transition temperature (PTT) of DPPC ...
Catelani Giorgio - - 2003
2,6-di-O-benzyl- (9), 2-O-benzyl-3,4-O-isopropylidene- (19), and 2-O-benzyl-6-O-m-chlorobenzoyl-L-arabino-hexos-5-ulose (20) have been prepared using 4'-deoxy-4'-eno- and 6'-deoxy-5'-eno lactose dimethyl acetal derivatives 7 and 14 as key intermediates. The synthesis of enol ethers 7 and 14 has been performed with good yields by base-promoted elimination of acetone or p-toluenesulfonic acid from 2',6'-di-O-benzyl-, and 6'-O-p-toluenesulfonyl-2,3:5,6:3',4'-tri-O-isopropylidenelactose ...
McClenaghan Nathan D - - 2003
A straightforward synthesis of a fullerene derivative appended with a barbituric acid molecular recognition motif is described. The presence of two nonself-complementary hydrogen-bonding sites is shown to be conducive to the construction of supramolecular assemblies. In the presence of a melamine derivative possessing complementary hydrogen-bonding sites, enhanced efficiency toward photodimerization ...
Matsumoto Tomohiro - - 2003
The preparation of a steroidal heterocycle linked to the tripeptide Cys-Gly-Cys is described. Initially, an estrane-derived steroidal heterocycle containing an aminopyrimidine ring fused to the 16,17-position of the steroidal nucleus was synthesized. Thereafter, protected amino acids were coupled iteratively by the DCC method, commencing at the amino group of the ...
Jansen Michaela - - 2003
The synthetic procedures to obtain indole derivatives with different acidic functions at position 2 of the indole are reported. The synthesised and tested derivatives comprise 5-tetrazolyl, 1,3,4-oxadiazol-5-yl-2-one, and indole-2-carboxylic acid amides with 5-aminotetrazole, methanesulphonamide and trifluoromethanesulphonamide moieties. The binding affinity was evaluated using [3H]MDL 105,519 and pig cortical brain membranes. ...
Dai Qiuyun - - 2003
The synthesis and characterization of the conopeptide, SO-3, originally derived from Conus striatus is reported. It contains 25 amino acid residues and three disulfide bridges and manifests 72% sequence identity with MVIIA, an N-type Ca2+ channel inhibitor of high analgesic activity. We evaluated SO-3 in several mouse models of pain. ...
Barbarić Monika - - 2003
A new synthetic approach to the 1,2,5-oxadiazine ring system is described. 2-Substituted or 2,4-disubstituted 2H-1,2,5-oxadiazine-3,6(4H,5H)-dione derivatives 4 were prepared by cyclisation of hydroxamic acids 3 derived from N-(1-benzotriazolylcarbonyl)-amino acids 1. The structures of the synthesised compounds were fully characterised by IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The ...
Tchinda Alembert T - - 2003
Glabrescin, a daphnane diterpenoid, neoboutonin, a degraded diterpenoid with a novel skeleton, and neoglabrescins A and B, two rhamnofolane derivatives, have been isolated from the stem bark of Neoboutonia glabrescens Prain (Euphorbiaceae), together with the known tigliane derivative, baliospermin, and the known daphnane, montanin. Other constituents include squalene, 3-acetylaleuritolic acid, ...
Sanz Pablo - - 2003
High-level density functional theory computations have been used to estimate the gas-phase (intrinsic) acidities of the complete series of 1,8-chalcogen-bridged naphthalene derivatives. The existence of a chalcogen-chalcogen bond in chalcogen-bridged naphthalene derivatives plays a crucial role in the intrinsic acidity of the system. For 1,8-naphthalenedilylbis(oxy), where this bond does not ...
Chen Xuemei - - 2003
The 5'-amino-5'-phosphono derivatives of cytidine, cytosine arabinoside (ara-C), and uridine have been prepared via the corresponding nucleoside aldehydes. Phosphite addition to imines derived from the nucleoside aldehydes and p-methoxybenzylamine was efficient, and use of this amine allowed cleavage of the products to the parent amino phosphonic acids. The phosphite additions ...
Easton Christopher J - - 2003
A range of dehydro amino acid derivatives has been prepared and subjected to halogenation using either molecular bromine or chlorine, or NBS. Allylic halogenation of the unsaturated amino acid side chains occurs through radical bromination with NBS. The procedure is complementary to treatment with chlorine, which also affords allyl halides. ...
Armesto Nuria - - 2003
The first direct synthesis of 4-O-cinnamoyl derivatives of quinic and shikimic acids were accomplished by regioselective esterification with Candida antarctica lipase A. For hydrocinnamic esters, enzymatic transesterification with vinyl esters gave excellent yields. However, more reactive acylating agents such as anhydrides were used to synthesize cinnamic derivatives of both acids. ...
Clerici Francesca - - 2003
A new synthetic approach to diastereomeric cyclopent-3-enylglycines 19/20, functionalized on the ring with a formyl group, and to cyclopentylglycine, substituted with a carboxy group (compounds 21/22), was devised by applying retro-aldol and retro-Claisen reactions, respectively, to diastereomeric 2-amino-3-ethoxycarbonyloxynorbornene-2-carboxylic acid derivatives 5, 6 and to diastereomeric 2-amino-3-oxo-norbornane-2-carboxylic acid derivatives 17, 18. ...
Wagner Brian D - - 2003
Addition of hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin to o-phthalaldehyde (OPA)-amino acid-thiol reaction mixtures is shown to cause significant enhancement of the fluorescence of the isoindole product for a wide range of amino acids, with the largest effects observed in the cases of glycine and lysine. The largest enhancement observed was a factor of 2.67 ...
Curran Dennis P - - 2003
Fluorous carbobenzyloxy ((F)Cbz) reagents RfCH(2)CH(2)C(6)H(4)CH(2)OC(O)OSu (where Su is succinimidoyl and Rf is C(6)F(13) and C(8)F(17)) have been used to make (F)Cbz derivatives of 18 of the 20 natural amino acids. The potential utility of this new family of reagents in both standard fluorous synthesis with spe separation and fluorous quasiracemic ...
Yang Kexin - - 2003
Hydroxamic acid derivatives are an important class of molecules with a variety of pharmaceutical properties. Over the last decade steady progress has been made in the development of efficient methods for the syntheses of hydroxamic acid derivatives. This mini-review covers the most recent publications that highlight current strategies and syntheses ...
Kondo Yoshiko - - 2003
In the present study, the effect of constituting amino acid residue numbers of oligopeptide derivatives, which are candidate materials to construct molecular recognition sites, on chiral recognition ability was investigated. Chiral recognition sites were formed from oligopeptide derivatives, of which constituting amino acid residue numbers were three to six, by ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2003
3-trifluoromethylphenyldiazirine based oleic acids derivatives are synthesized to elucidate the functions of specific activation of protein kinase C (PKC) with oleic acid. The synthetic route is based on the alkylation of phenolic derivative with oleic acid equivalent and the post-functionalization of the compound to achieve radiolabeling. Several compounds have biological ...
Azuma Hideki - - 2003
Naturally occurring symbioramide, (2S,3R,2'R,3'E)-N-(2'-hydroxy-3'-octadecenoyl)-dihydrosphingosine 1a, was synthesized from d-erythro-dihydrosphingosine (amino part, 2) and (2R,3E)-2-hydroxy-3-octadecenoic acid (acid part, 3a), both of which were prepared from l-serine. Its diastereomer, (2S,3R,2'S,3'E)-1b, having an enantiomer of the unnatural-type acid part that was prepared from d-mannitol, and its corresponding (Z)-isomers, (2S,3R,2'R,3'Z)-1c and (2S,3R,2'S,3'Z)-1d, were also ...
Gorohovsky S - - 2003
Both 1,4-benzoquinones and 1,4-naphthoquinones were attached to the non-proteinogenic amino acid taurine to form N-quinonyl taurine derivatives. The products were formed via the direct Michael-like addition or by substitution of a good leaving group. An attempt to bridge the two moieties via an ureido spacer resulted in the formation of ...
Rodríguez Arantxa - - 2003
Hydroboration using 9-BBN-H of the protected enantiomerically pure but-3-enylglycine derivative 11, prepared by copper-catalysed allylation of the serine-derived organozinc reagent 1, followed by Suzuki coupling of the derived borane with a variety of aromatic halides, 2-bromopyridine and 2-bromopropene gives the protected amino acids 14a-l and 15. This method augments our ...
Bashore Crystal G - - 2003
A synthesis of 4,5-benzo-1-aza-tricyclo[4.3.1.1(3,8)]undecane (1), a benzo-1-aza-adamantane derivative, is described and features a previously unknown application of the Wolff-Kishner reduction of a nonresonance stabilized or "twisted" amide. An intermediate amino ester is converted to a severely "twisted amide", which, when exposed to hydrazine in alcohol, provides the corresponding "twisted" amino ...
Lakatosh Sergey A - - 2003
Series of 3-arylalkyl- or 3-alkylamino-4-(indol-1-yl)maleimides and bis(indol-1-yl)maleimides were synthesised. The cyclization of the 3-substituted 4-(indol-1-yl)maleimides under the action of acids resulted in the formation of diazepine[1,4] derivatives with indoline and maleimide nuclei annelated. These compounds readily produced the corresponding indolomaleimidodiazepines[1,4] after dehydrogenation.
Jones T H - - 2003
(2E)- and (2Z)-Farnesylamine were detected in the extracts of the myrmicine ant Monomorium fieldi Forel from Australia. Their structures were established by direct comparison with synthetic (2E)- and (2Z)-farnesylamine. This finding of a sesquiterpene is unique in a genus known to produce unbranched fatty acid derived alkaloids and amines. Additionally, ...
Nasr Adel Z - - 2003
Condensation of 2,3,4,5-tetra-O-acetyl-galactaroyl dichloride (1) with two equivalents of the alpha-amino esters 2a-c gave the corresponding 2,3,4,5-tetra-O-acetyl-galactaric acid diamides 3a-c. Heterocyclization of 3a-c by heating with hydrazine hydrate took place with concomitant de-O-acetylation of the polyacetoxyalkyl chain to give 1,4-bis[1-amino-5-oxo-4-substituted(imidazolin-2-yl)] galacto-tetritols (5a-c) and not the theoretically possible 1,2,4-triazinones 4 as ...
Nakashima Kenichiro - - 2003
Lophine (2,4,5-triphenylimidazole) derivatives as versatile analytical tools in biomedical sciences are described. Chemiluminescence (CL) and fluorescence (FL) properties of the lophine derivatives are first demonstrated including the CL reaction mechanism, effects of substituents on CL yields, FL spectral behaviors, etc. Next, analytical applications to the determination of metal ions such ...
Ohnuki Takashi - - 2003
This report describes the isolation of novel A-500359 analogues from the culture broth of Streptomyces griseus SANK 60196 and 13C-incorporation studies of A-500359 A to reveal the biosynthetic pathway of A-500359 derivatives. As a result, A-500359 M-3 and J were isolated as novel analogues. The former, isolated from a culture ...
Jung Heeyong - - 2003
Various pigment colors were produced by Monascus fermentations with separate addition of 20 amino acids. The color characteristics and structures of the pigment derivatives were investigated. When each amino acid was added to the fermentation broth as a precursor, pigment extracts with different hue and chroma values were obtained depending ...
Kanda Yutaka - - 2003
A novel series of C-8 ester derivatives of leinamycin are described. Condensation of N-substituted amino acids or carboxylic acids containing polyether moiety with leinamycin resulted in the C-8 ester derivatives with good antitumor activity in several experimental models. Among these derivatives, compound 4e, which has five ethylene glycol ether units ...
Mikkelsen Michael Dalgaard - - 2003
Glucosinolates are amino acid-derived natural products that, upon hydrolysis, typically release isothiocyanates with a wide range of biological activities. Glucosinolates play a role in plant defense as attractants and deterrents against herbivores and pathogens. A key step in glucosinolate biosynthesis is the conversion of amino acids to the corresponding aldoximes, ...
Yamamoto Akira - - 2003
We synthesized three novel lipophilic derivatives of phenylalanyl-glycine (Phe-Gly), C4-Phe-Gly, C6-Phe-Gly and C8-Phe-Gly by chemical modification with butyric acid (C4), caproic acid (C6) and octanoic acid (C8). The effect of the acylation on the stability, permeability and accumulation of Phe-Gly in the skin was investigated by in vitro studies. The ...
Sobolevsky Tim G - - 2003
Mass spectra of trialkylsilyl derivatives of fatty acids, dicarboxylic acids, hydroxyacids, oxoacids, sugars, amino acids and alcohols were obtained. Amino acids were analyzed as tert-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives; all other model compounds were analyzed as trimethylsilyl derivatives. Reproducibility of the electron ionization (EI) mass spectra for the derivatives obtained was discussed. It ...
Nakae Dai - - 2003
The present study examined the effects of various derivatives of a radical trapping agent, phenyl N-tert-butyl nitrone, on the early phase of hepatocarcinogenesis in male Wistar rats fed a choline-deficient, L-amino acid-defined diet for 16 weeks. The derivatives used were 4-hydroxyphenyl (a physiologically major metabolite), 3-hydroxyphenyl, 2-hydroxyphenyl and 2-sulfoxyphenyl N-tert-butyl ...
Zhu Huiguang - - 2002
Chitosan and chitosan-amino acid derivatives were explored to engineer poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDL-LA) as an extracellular matrix-like surface to promote cell adhesion and growth. Four kinds of chitosan-amino acid derivatives were prepared to mimic the carbohydrate moieties of cell matrix glycoprotein. The chitosan-amino acid derivatives were characterized by using Fourier transform ...
Lim Dong Gun - - 2002
Nitric oxide (*NO) and *NO-derived reactive species rapidly react with lipids during both autocatalytic and enzymatic oxidation reactions to yield nitrated derivatives that serve as cell signaling molecules. Herein we report the synthesis, purification, characterization, and bioactivity of nitrolinoleate (LNO2). Nitroselenylation of linoleic acid yielded LNO2 that was purified by ...
Attanasi Orazio A - - 2002
The synthesis of 5-hydroxy-1-aminopyrroline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives and 5-unsubstituted-1-aminopyrrole-3-carboxylic acid derivatives from 1,2-diaza-1,3-butadienes and aldehydes is presented. These domino reactions offer the advantage of executing multistep transformation without intermediate workup procedures. The stereoselectivity of ring closure to 5-hydroxy-1-aminopyrroline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives and phenyl transposition to 2,3-diphenyl-1-aminopyrrole-3-carboxylic acid derivatives are also studied.
Roulland Emmanuel - - 2002
Various 4-analogues of podophyllotoxin and epipodophyllotoxin were obtained via the formation of the corresponding 4-keto derivatives. Methyloximation of podophyllotoxone, followed by subsequent catalytic hydrogenation, gave stereoselective access to 4-alpha-amino-4-deoxypodophyllotoxin and from there, to the corresponding acetamido and formamido derivatives. Base-catalyzed isomerisation of 4-alpha-amino-4-deoxypodophyllotoxin led to the corresponding picropodophyllin isomer while ...
El-Sayed Ola A - - 2002
The synthesis and in vitro antimicrobial evaluation of several quinoline and pyrimidoquinoline derivatives are described. Treatment of 7-substituted quinolin-2(1H)-one-3-carboxylic acids 2a-c with phosphoryl chloride or thionyl chloride gave rise to the 7-substituted 2-chloroquinoline-3-carboxylic acids 3a-c and 7-substituted 2-chloro-3-chlorocarbonylquinolines 5a-c respectively. The 2-chloro function in compounds 3a-c was replaced by 2-aminothiazole ...
Yoshimoto Makoto - - 2002
The caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, 3-mono-O-caffeoylquinic acid (chlorogenic acid, ChA), 3,4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (3,4-diCQA), 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (3,5-diCQA), 4,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4,5-diCQA) and 3,4,5-tri-O-caffeoylquinic acid (3,4,5-triCQA), and caffeic acid (CA) were isolated from the sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas L.) leaf. We examined the antimutagenicity of these caffeoylquinic acid compounds to promote new uses of the ...
Piacente Sonia - - 2002
Lepidium meyenii, known in South America as maca, has received attention worldwide as a powerful energizer that improves physical and mental conditions and increases fertility. Because of these reports, we investigated the secondary metabolites of the tuber of maca. The methanol extract of the tuber of maca contained, in addition ...
McAuliffe Joseph C - - 2002
[reaction: see text] The neuraminic acid derivative 5 is readily converted in several steps to the neuraminic acid dimer 12, linked through the hydroxyl of a 5-N-glycolyl group in an alpha-2,5 glycosidic linkage. The sequence is shown to proceed through a spirocyclic intermediate 9 by in situ NMR experiments. Similar ...
Göbel Cornelia - - 2002
Plants respond to pathogen attack with a multicomponent defense response. Synthesis of oxylipins via the lipoxygenase (LOX) pathway appears to be an important factor for establishment of resistance in a number of pathosystems. In potato cells, pathogen-derived elicitors preferentially stimulate the 9-LOX-dependent metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Here we ...
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