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Rabea Safwat M - - 2006
A series of 5-phenyl-1-(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxylic acid derivatives 4-10 were synthesized by rearrangement of 4-(3-pyridyl)-hydrazono-2-phenyl-2-oxazolin-5-one 3 in the presence of different nucleophiles to afford derivatives 4, 7, and 8, while hydroxamic acid derivative 6 was prepared from reaction of methyl ester 4 with hydroxylamine hydrochloride. Semicarbazide 9 and thiosemicarbazide 10, derivatives of ...
Espinosa Raya J - - 2005
In the present study the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition and acute toxicity of two succinic acid derivatives were compared with tacrine. Administration of a single dose of each of two succinic acid derivatives produced a time and dose-dependent inhibition of brain AChE activity. Although the magnitude of the cholinergic effects observed ...
Men Yi - - 2005
4-Ferrocenylazophenol (FAP) and 8-(4-ferrocenylazophenoxy)octanyl-1-bromide (FAOB) have been synthesized and their protonation and photochemical behavior have been investigated. FAP showed reversible protonation and deprotonation behavior in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid and potassium tert-butylate, respectively. FAP and FAOB exhibit high photoreactivity, which was induced through excitation of not only the pi-pi* ...
Han Quan-Bin - - 2005
In this study, the stability of gambogic acid (GA), a polyprenylated xanthone with potent cytotoxicities against various cancer cell lines, was evaluated under several experimental conditions including addition of acids, alkalis and organic solvents. GA was stable when dissolved in acetone, acetonitrile, and chloroform, even when acids were added. However, ...
Kanofsky Jeffrey R - - 2006
We studied the photosensitised killing of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells using two photosensitisers that localise in lysosomes. The ARPE-19 cell line was photosensitised using either acridine orange or cis-di(4-sulfonatophenyl)diphenylporphine. We then measured the amount of photoprotection provided to RPE cells by five synthetic carotenoid derivatives and by lutein. The ...
Platten Michael - - 2005
Local catabolism of the amino acid tryptophan (Trp) by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is considered an important mechanism of regulating T cell immunity. We show that IDO transcription was increased when myelin-specific T cells were stimulated with tolerogenic altered self-peptides. Catabolites of Trp suppressed proliferation of myelin-specific T cells and inhibited ...
Grover Gaurav - - 2006
In continuation of our work on synthesis of biheterocycles carrying the biodynamic heterocyclic systems at position 3, a series of new nalidixic acid derivatives having quinazolones moiety were synthesised to achieve enhanced biological activity and wide spectrum of activity. Nalidixic acid was first converted into its acid chloride using thionyl ...
Kumura Naokazu - - 2005
Derivatives of quinine with fatty acids including polyunsaturated fatty acids were prepared. They showed moderate antimalarial activity as compared with quinine itself using Plasmodium falciparum. The activities were not dependent on whether the fatty acyl group was saturated or unsaturated. On the other hand, the derivatives showed significantly higher cytotoxicity ...
Karpińska Joanna - - 2005
The usefulness of derivative spectrophotometry for simultaneous assay of l-dopa, benserazide and ascorbic acid in pharmaceuticals was studied. The parameters of derivatisation depends on composition of solution in which particular compound was determined. For quantification of l-dopa in mixtures with benserazide or ascorbic acid the first derivative was used. Its ...
Sasaki Nobuhiro - - 2005
Uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP)-glucuronic acid: cyclo-DOPA 5-glucoside glucuronosyltransferase activity was detected in a crude extract prepared from the purple flowers of feather cockscombs. This suggests that the glucuronic acid moiety of amaranthin and its derivatives may be introduced at the cyclo-DOPA glucoside step, but not at the betanidin glucoside step.
Sekine Mitsuo - - 2005
To not only improve the inherently poor stability of the phenylboranylidene group as a protecting group of the 2',3'-cis-diol function of ribonucleosides but also introduce a colorimetrically detectable function into its mother structure, various 2-[(dialkylamino)methyl]phenylboronic acid derivatives having a [(4,4'-dimethoxytrityl)oxy]methyl group were synthesized. The reaction of uridine with these substituted ...
Wandzik Ilona - - 2006
New glycoglycerolipids, derivatives of 2-deoxysugars bearing one or two fatty acid chains have been synthesised. Various levels of regio- and stereoselectivity have been attained for the triphenylphosphine hydrobromide (TPHB) catalysed addition of the glycerol moiety to some representative glycals. The influence of the structure of glycal derivatives in glycosylation reactions ...
Rabea Entsar I - - 2005
Chitosan, the N-deacetylated derivative of chitin, is a potential biopolysaccharide owing to its specific structure and properties. In this paper, we report on the synthesis of 24 new chitosan derivatives, N-alkyl chitosans (NAC) and N-benzyl chitosans (NBC), that are soluble in dilute aqueous acetic acid. The different derivatives were synthesized ...
Jung Heeyong - - 2005
The photostability of 18 amino acid derivatives from monascus pigment was tested under various physical and chemical conditions. Under sunlight, the half-life of derivatives was increased to 1.45-5.58 h, corresponding to a 6-25-fold improvement over a control red pigment (0.22 h). The degradation of pigment derivatives followed a first-order reaction, ...
Nowak Ireneusz - - 2005
[reaction: see text] Solutions of peracylated adenosine, cytidine, and related nucleoside derivatives undergo selective N-deacylation upon heating at elevated temperatures (oil bath > or = 105 degrees C) in methanol. An increase in the bulk of the N-acyl group has little effect on the rate of N-deacylation but increases the ...
Orden A A - - 2005
Stereo- and regioselective hydroxylation of grindelane derivatives on position 3beta was catalyzed by cultures of Aspergillus niger. Grindelic acid (1), methyl grindelate (2), 15-hydroxy-7(8)-en-9alpha,13(S)-oxide-ent-labdane (3) and 7alpha,8alpha-epoxymethylgrindelate (4) were bioconverted into the corresponding 3beta-hydroxy derivatives as the only biotransformation products. 13(S),15-dihydroxy-8(9)-en-ent-labdane (5) remained unreacted under the same conditions. The conformational ...
Wybraniec Sławomir - - 2005
Pigments of purple pitaya [Hylocereus polyrhizus (F.A.C. Weber) Britton and Rose] fruits were submitted to extraction and were decarboxylated during heating experiments in acidified ethanolic and aqueous solutions. Groups of betacyanins with different decarboxylation levels were identified in the heating products by LC-DAD and LC-MS/MS. The main decarboxylation products were ...
ten Cate Mattijs G J - - 2005
The syntheses of calix[4]arene dimelamines that are functionalized with alkyl, aminoalkyl, ureido, pyridyl, carbohydrate, amino acid and peptide functionalities, and their self-assembly with barbituric acid or cyanuric acid derivatives into well-defined hydrogen-bonded nanostructures are described. The thermodynamic stability of these hydrogen-bonded assemblies was studied by CD spectroscopy in mixtures of ...
Olabisi Ayodele O - - 2005
A convenient method to obtain unknown chiral C2- and C3-functionalized aldono-1,4-lactone derivatives starting from l-ascorbic acid, which would be valuable in the synthesis of derivatives of various pharmacologically active agents for structure-activity studies, is described. The practicality of this approach is demonstrated by the synthesis of a series of 5,6-O-isopropylidene-2-allyl-3-keto-l-galactono-gamma-lactone ...
Wilson Michael L - - 2005
Improved protocols for the preparation of 1-bromodihydrocodeinone (1-bromohydrocodone) and 1-bromo-14-hydroxydihydrocodeinone (1-bromooxycodone) and synthesis of the corresponding 1-chloro and 1-iodo derivatives have been achieved using the corresponding N-halosuccinimides in acidic milieu. The corresponding 1-carboethoxy derivative of 14-hydroxydihydrocodeinone (1-carboethoxyoxycodone) has been prepared by Pd-catalyzed reaction with carbon monoxide in ethanol. The ester ...
Yang Xunyu - - 2005
We describe the two-dimensional (2D) assemblies of N,N'-dialkyl-substituted quinacridone derivatives on highly orientated pyrolytic graphite observed by scanning tunneling microscopy, and focus our discussion on whether the supramolecular organization can be modulated by the coadsorption of dicarboxylic acids. Our experiments have demonstrated that the quinacridone derivatives can form different 2D ...
Gawronski Jacek - - 2005
The four-carbon chain in (R,R)-tartaric acid derivatives is predominantly antiperiplanar (trans) in the acid, its salts, esters, and NH-amides, while (-)-synclinal (gauche) conformer is the most abundant in N,N'-tetraalkyltartramides. Trialkylsilylation or tert-butylation of the hydroxy groups at C2 and C3 does not appear to affect the conformational preference of NH-tartramides, ...
Petersson Karsten - - 2005
As an alternative to incorporation of various excipients, N(4)-alkyloxycarbonyl-cytosine derivatives possessing various physicochemical properties and cytosine regeneration rates have been examined to modify release rate and kinetics from in situ gelling alginate formulations, e.g., liquid formulations that gel in acidic gastric juice and release the entrapped derivative or parent cytosine. ...
Light Marnie E - - 2005
The ability of plant-derived smoke to act as a germination cue in many species has led to widespread interest in this aspect of seed biology. Recently, 3-methyl-2H-furo[2,3-c]pyran-2-one was identified as the main germination cue from smoke. Here, we report on the formation of this compound from reactions of sugars with ...
Lingbo Li - - 2005
Refinery effluent-derived humic substances (HS) are important for developing refinery effluent reclamation techniques and studying the environmental chemistry of wastewater effluents. In this study, dissolved organic matter (DOM) from refinery effluent was concentrated using a portable reverse osmosis (RO) system. HS were isolated from RO retentates with XAD-8 resin. A ...
Bentz Emilie L - - 2005
Bicyclic lactams derived from pyroglutamic acid provide a useful scaffold for synthesis of conformationally restricted analogues of lysine, ornithine and glutamine, as well as an Ala-Ala dipeptide analogue. Amino alcohol and carboxylic acid derivatives are accessible from a common intermediate. In this strategy, the bicyclic lactam system not only controls, ...
Phadnis Prasad P - - 2005
Selenocystine ([Sec]2) and aryl-substituted selenocysteine (Sec) derivatives are synthesized, starting from commercially available amino acid l-serine. These compounds are characterized by a number of analytical techniques such as NMR (1H, 13C and 77Se) and TOF mass spectroscopy. This study reveals that the introduction of amino/imino substituents capable of interacting with ...
de la Torre María C - - 2005
(R)-(+)-Sclareolide 1 has been used as a starting material to develop a diversity oriented methodology to access hispanane 28 a, and hispanane-like derivatives 27 b-27 e. This methodology is based on the intramolecular Friedel-Crafts acylation of the corresponding 12-desoxylabdanoic-like acids 27, for the construction of the cycloheptane ring which is ...
Bhadra Pranab K - - 2005
Erythromycin A is normally formulated for children as its 2'-ethyl succinate, a taste-free prodrug. Unfortunately, the prodrug hydrolyzes at a measurable rate in the medicine bottle, leading to the vile-tasting erythromycin. We have prepared derivatives of erythromycin B as putative paediatric prodrugs, taking advantage of the much improved acid stability ...
Jursic Branko S - - 2005
Formation of self-assembly molecular aggregates and cyclomaltooligosaccharide (cyclodextrin) molecular aggregates with benzo[lmn][3,8]phenanthroline-derived amino acids is presented. The nature of the molecular aggregates was studied by negative-ion electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS). The enantiomeric recognition was demonstrated by NMR enantiomeric discrimination of the amino acid derivatives in aqueous solutions of cyclodextrins.
Bohin Anne - - 2005
In previous articles [Anal. Biochem. 284 (2000) 201; J. Lipid Res. 43 (2002) 794], we reported that the GC/MS identification and quantification of nearly all constituents of glycolipids could be obtained on the same sample in a single GC/MS analysis as heptafluorobutyrate derivatives of the products liberated using acid-catalyzed methanolysis. ...
Kadouri-Puchot C - - 2005
This review covers the literature relating to asymmetric syntheses of pipecolic acid derivatives from 1997 to present. This review is organized according to the position and the degree of substitution of the piperidinic cycle. In a first section, syntheses of pipecolic acid itself are described. Then, successively, syntheses of C-3, ...
Charton Julie - - 2005
A series of bulky 2-substituted benzimidazoles was designed in order to find new leads for several biological targets. Formation by cyclodehydration from their monoacylated counterparts was shown to be strongly dependent upon the nature of the acyl group. In the case of a dicyclohexylmethyl group, cyclization was only observed in ...
González-Vera Juan A - - 2005
[reaction: see text] Chiral spirocyclic 2,6-dioxopiperazines were synthesized from amino acid derived alpha-quaternary alpha-amino nitriles via H(2)SO(4)-promoted cyano hydration, followed by base-mediated cyclization and N-alkylation. This methodology, requiring the previous preparation of the amino nitrile by a modified Strecker reaction, was applied to Phe, Trp, Pro, Asp, Glu, and Ser ...
Correa-Basurto José - - 2005
Because Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a medical problem characterized by progressive loss of memory and cognition that is associated with a deficient cholinergic system, this work aims to evaluate some p-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) derivatives as acetylcholinesterase inhibitors in vitro, in continuation with our last studies. The assayed compounds are low ...
Chollet Jean-François - - 2005
A new acidic derivative of the fungicide fenpiclonil was synthesized containing a methyl group on the alpha-position of the carboxyl function of N-carboxymethyl-3-cyano-4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)pyrrole. The phloem mobility of the resulting N-(1-carboxyethyl)-3-cyano-4-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)pyrrole was comparable with that of the former compound, but was higher at external pH 5.0. Unlike the derivatives previously synthesized, ...
Bekhit Adnan A - - 2005
Four series of 1H-pyrazole derivatives have been synthesized. The first series was synthesized starting by condensing the hydrazine derivatives 1a-d with 4-(1-ethoxycarbonyl-2-oxopropyl)azobenzoic acid 2a in ethanol or glacial acetic acid to generate the corresponding pyrazoline derivatives 3a-d. Likewise, heating 1a-d with 4-(1-acetyl-2-oxopropyl)azobenzoic acid 2b gave rise to the pyrazole derivatives ...
Simo Ondrej - - 2005
The glycosylamines of O-acetyl-protected GlcNAc and chitobiose, as well as two partially unprotected 1-C-aminomethyl glucosides, were photochemically coupled with orthogonally protected N-aspartyl-5-bromo-7-nitroindoline derivatives. The reactions proceeded under neutral conditions by irradiation with near-UV light. The glycosyl asparagines with N- or C-glycosyl linkages were afforded in 60-85% yield on a 10-70 ...
Guillemin Jean-Claude - - 2005
The gas-phase acidity of CH3-CH2XH (X=S, Se, Te), CH2=CHXH (X=S, Se, Te) and PhXH (X=S, Se) compounds was measured by means of Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry. To analyze the role that unsaturation plays on the intrinsic acidity of these systems, a parallel theoretical study, in the framework ...
Matuszewska Iwona - - 2005
Two series of novel tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives bearing at C-1 position a carbon chain derived from fatty acids were prepared employing two complementary synthetic methodologies. The Pictet-Spengler condensation was performed on myristyl, palmityl, stearyl and oleyl aldehydes, whereas the Bischler-Napieralski cyclization used pelargonic, stearic, linolenic and arachidonic acids. The ability to ...
Davis Stephen R - - 2005
Reports about the safe and successful intravenous (i.v.) use of garlic derivatives in China against invasive fungal infections have been made, but little has been done to seriously investigate the in vivo use of these derivatives in the West. Laboratories have demonstrated impressive in vitro MICs using allitridium, one of ...
Chulin A N - - 2005
A number of protected proline-containing dipeptides Boc-Xaa-Pro-OBu(t) were converted via epimerization-free oxidation with RuO4 to dipeptides with an internal pyroglutamic acid residue, Boc-Xaa-Glp-OBu(t). The latter were subjected to oxidative Hoffman-type rearrangement induced by PhI[OC(O)CF3]2 to give N-(aminoacyl)-pyroglutamates. The behavior of these derivatives under basic conditions was studied, and for two ...
Lee Seon Hwa - - 2005
It has been proposed that 13(S)-hydroperoxy-9Z,11E-octadecadienoic acid [13(S)-HPODE]-mediated formation of 4-oxo-2(E)-nonenal and 4-hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal arises from a Hock rearrangement. This suggested that a 4-oxo-2(E)-nonenal-related molecule, 9,12-dioxo-10(E)-dodecenoic acid (DODE), could also result from the intermediate formation of 9-hydroperoxy-12-oxo-10(E)-dodecenoic acid. A recent report has described the formation of DODE-derived etheno adducts when 13(S)-HPODE ...
Rennison David - - 2005
We recently showed that substitution of a 5beta-methyl group allows the isolation of 14-alkenyldihydrocodeinones from the action of hot formic acid on certain dihydrothevinols. It has now been shown that, in those dihydrothevinols which are converted to stable side chain olefins by such treatment, introduction of a 5beta-methyl group results ...
Opacić Ninoslav - - 2005
The novel L- and D-amino acid derivatives of hydroxyurea 5a-o were prepared by aminolysis of N-(1-benzotriazolecarbonyl)amino acid amides 4a-o with hydroxylamine. The hydantoin derivatives 6a-e,m,p were synthesized by base-catalyzed cyclization of amides 4, common precursors for 5 and 6. X-ray crystal structure analysis shows that the C5 atom in 6e ...
Ghirmai Senait - - 2005
Daunorubicin and doxorubicin are efficient agents for cancer treatment. Their clinical efficacy is, however, hampered by their indiscriminant toxicity. This problem may be circumvented by encapsulating the drugs in liposomes and selectively targeting the tumor cells using tumor targeting agents. Furthermore, the antitumor effect could be enhanced by attaching the ...
Wang Zixing - - 2005
A series of 9-(cycloheptatrienylidene)fluorene derivatives were synthesized in good yields through the Suzuki or Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions. Fluorescence "off-on" behaviors of these compounds were investigated on the basis of variable acid concentrations. These compounds were shown to be acid-sensing fluorophores with utility as indicators in acidic environments.
Wu Minwan - - 2005
Acyclic N9 adenine nucleosides substituted at C-1' position were prepared by the Mitsunobu reaction of 1-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-4-pivaloylbutan-1,2,4-triol (5) with adenine. Pivaloyl hydroxyl was modified to the phosphonomethoxy derivatives, and the tert-butyldimethylsilyl hydroxyl was converted to methoxy, azido, amino, fluoro, and c-hydroxyethyl and was eliminated to give vinyl. The resulting phosphonic acids ...
Akiyama Kiyoshi - - 2005
In this study, we examined the antitumor activities of isoprenoid derivatives conjugated with substrates of energy metabolism in human hepatoma-bearing athymic mice. Among these compounds, N-geranylpyruvic amide, N-geranyl-p-pyruvaminobenzoic amide, N,N'-digeranylmalic diamide and N,N'-digeranyl-O-acetylmalic diamide had strong antitumor effects. These geranylamine derivatives also inhibited in vitro cell growth. Sugar conjugates of ...
Sharba A Hussain K - - 2005
New heterocyclic derivatives of cyclopropane dicarboxylic acid comprising thiadiazole and 1,2,4-triazole moieties are reported. Reaction of 1,1-cyclopropane dicarboxylic acid (1) with thiosemicarbazide and phosphorous oxychloride resulted in 1,1-bis (2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazol-5- yl)cyclopropane (2). Cyclopropane dicarboxylic acid thiosemicarbazide (6) was converted into 1,1-bis(3-thio-4H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl) cyclo- propane (7) by ring closure in an alkaline medium. ...
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