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Results 201 - 250 of 920
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George Lisa - - 2007
It has been documented that 5-methylene-Meldrum's acid derivatives (1, 12 ) and their enols (2, 13) can undergo fragmentation to malonic anhydrides (4, 19 ), carboxyketenes (3, 16) and methyleneketene (5, 21 , 35 ), as well as cyclization to pyrrole-3-one and thiophene-3-one derivatives 11a,b (but not furan-3-ones 11c ) ...
Schindler József - - 2007
Racemic 1-phenylethylamine was optically resolved by its own derivative formed with glutaric acid namely (+)-(R)-N-(1-phenylethyl)glutaramic acid. The amide acid resolving agent was synthesized from (+)-(R)-1-phenylethylamine by N-derivatization. The glutaric acid derivative was the next in a homologous series of dicarboxilic acid derivatized resolving agents of racemic 1-phenylethylamine. Resolution results obtained ...
Rodriguez Rodrigo A - - 2007
We report the synthesis of 34 second-generation Sansalvamide A derivatives. San A derivatives have unique anticancer properties and target multiple cancers, including colon, pancreatic, breast, prostate, and melanoma. As novel templates, the derivatives described herein explore the role of stereochemistry, amide bond geometry, transannular hydrogen bonding, and polarity on antitumor ...
Yang Xunyu - - 2007
We describe the 2D assemblies of a series of N,N'-dialkyl-substituted quinacridone derivatives on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite observed by scanning tunneling microscopy. Our experiments have demonstrated that pure quinacridone derivatives take contractive conformations, but quinacridone derivatives take extended conformations when co-adsorbed with dicarboxylic acid. Interestingly, by co-adsorption with monofunctional acid ...
George Lisa - - 2007
New 4-hydroxy-1,3-oxazin-6-ones 8 and 16 were prepared from chlorocarbonyl(phenyl)ketene and amides. The flash vacuum thermolysis (FVT) reactions of these compounds and the 4-methoxy derivative 17 were investigated by Ar matrix isolation IR spectroscopy and online mass spectrometry including MS/MS analysis. Carboxy(phenyl)ketene 10 is formed as the major product by thermal ...
Talevi Alan - - 2007
Linear discriminant analysis was performed to derive discriminant functions based on 2D descriptors and capable of classifying anticonvulsant from non-anticonvulsant compounds. Through application in virtual screening of the discriminant function which performed best in the validation steps, abietic acid was identified as a potential new anticonvulsant agent. The anticonvulsant activity ...
Maruyama Tokumi - - 2007
Antiviral activity of 1,3-disubstituted uracil derivatives was evaluated against HIV-1 and HCMV. It appears that the nitrogen of the 1-cyanomethyl group is important for anti-HIV-1 activity, suggesting interaction with the amino acid residues of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. 1-Arylmethyl derivatives also exhibited good anti-HIV-1 activity; and that of the 2- and ...
Waring Michael J - - 2007
The impact of lipophilicity as a factor contributing to hERG potency is assessed for a large dataset of compounds of differing ionisation type. This dataset is derived from compounds tested in the IonWorks-based in vitro electrophysiology hERG assay at AstraZeneca. Using logistic regression, a quantification of the risk associated with ...
Dahiya Rajiv - - 2007
Four substituted benzimidazolyl-benzoic/salicylic acids 5-8 were synthesized by interaction of 5,6-dimethyl-/6-nitrobenzimidazoles with diazotized substituted/unsubstituted aminobenzoic acids in the presence of cupric chloride. The coupling of compounds 5-8 with different amino acid ester hydrochlorides/dipeptide/tripeptide/tetrapeptide methyl esters afforded novel benzimidazolopeptide derivatives 5a-f, 6a-h, 7a-g and 8a-g. The structures of all newly synthesized ...
Suzuki Hirokazu - - 2007
An arylamine N-acetyltransferase (NAT) responsible for the N acetylation of exogenous 3-amino-4-hydroxybenzoic acid in Streptomyces griseus was identified and characterized. This enzyme was distinct from other eukaryotic and bacterial NATs in that it acetylated various 2-aminophenol derivatives more effectively than it acetylated 5-aminosalicylic acid, and thus it may be involved ...
Del Bene Janet E - - 2006
Karplus-type equations are derived for the variation of one-bond X-Y coupling constants 1J(X-Y) as a function of dihedral angle for molecules HmX-YHn, for X, Y, = 15N, 17O, 31P, and 33S. Coupling constants were obtained from ab initio EOM-CCSD calculations, with all terms evaluated. The relative orientation of lone pairs ...
Güray T - - 2007
The acidity constants, pK(a) values for protonation of some substituted thiazole derivatives were calculated by using AM1 and PM3 basis sets of semi-empirical methods and B3LYP/6-31G(d) basis sets of density functional theory (DFT) calculated physical and thermodynamic parameters. Correlation search among the experimental and calculated acidity constants, pK(a) values, revealed ...
Varka Evdoxia-Maria A - - 2006
The synthesis, characterization, and surface properties of soap-type amphiphiles comprising alkyl chains of 10-16 carbon atoms linked through an ether group to a glycerol-amino acid hydrophilic head group is described. The surface properties of members of this series derived from histidine and tyrosine were compared with those of phenylalanine and ...
Kim Chulyoung - - 2006
Amino acid derivatives of monascus pigments were produced by fermentation, and their antimicrobial activities were determined. Thirty-nine l- and d-forms of amino acids were added as a precursor to the fermentation medium for derivation of pigments. Derivatives with L-Phe, D-Phe, L-Tyr, and D-Tyr exhibited high activities against Gram(+) and Gram(-) ...
Ge Min - - 2006
The well-resolved absorption spectra of the hydroxycinnamic acid (HCA) derivatives, caffeic acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid and chlorogenic acid, were measured over the frequency region from 0.3 to 2.0 THz at 294 K with terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). Theoretical calculation was applied to assist the analysis and assignment of the ...
Wilbur D Scott - - 2006
An investigation was conducted to evaluate three biotin derivatives designed to block biotinidase cleavage of the biotinamide bond. Difficulties in multistep syntheses of molecules containing tert-butyl protected hydroxymethyl and carboxylate groups positioned alpha to a biotinamide bond led to the investigation of alternative biotinidase-blocking moieties that do not require protection ...
Hall Adrian - - 2007
This paper details the SAR of 1,5-biaryl pyrrole derivatives with substituents in the 2-, 4-, and 5-positions of the benzoic acid group as EP1 receptor antagonists. Substitution at the 2-position was poorly tolerated, whereas only fluorine was tolerated at the 4-position. In contrast, a range of substituents at the 5-position ...
Zeng Q L - - 2007
Optically pure (S)-3-p-hydroxyphenyllactic acid derivatives are important intermediates of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha/gamma dual agonists and heteropeptides. Many efforts have been made for synthesis of those intermediates, but there exist some flaws yet. We observed that dielectric constants of organic solvents drastically affected diazotization of O-benzyl-L-tyrosine. Optically pure (S)-3-p-benzyloxyphenyllactic acid ...
Kudyba Iwona - - 2007
The furanosyl moiety (ring III) of C(6')-deoxyparomomycin and paromomycin was modified in search of aminoglycoside antibiotics with altered selectivity. The key intermediates were the N-Boc-protected derivative of C(6')-deoxyparomomycin and the benzylidene-protected paromomycin. Their H(2)C(5'')-OH group was oxidised with trichlorocyanuric acid or [bis(acetoxy)iodo]benzene in the presence of catalytic amounts of TEMPO ...
Havlík Martin - - 2006
[structure: see text] Bis-Tröger's base derivatives are a new family of molecular tweezers. A major drawback to their study is a lack of commercially available precursors, ortho-nitrocarboxylic acids. A reverse synthetic strategy starting from known dinitrodicarboxylic acids, which circumvents this problem, is presented. Via this methodology regioisomeric bis-TB derivatives can ...
Figueroa-Perez Ignacio - - 2006
For the investigation of the minimal structural requirements for cytokine induction, Staphylococcus aureus lipoteichoic acid derivatives with two, three, four, and five glycerophosphate backbone moieties, carrying each a d-alanyl residue, were needed. Based on two different glycerophosphate building blocks and 6b-O-phosphitylated gentiobiosyl diacylglycerol the desired target molecules (compounds 1-4) could ...
Unelius C Rikard - - 2006
Aromatic organic compounds found in the feces of the pine weevil, Hylobius abietis (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), have been shown to deter feeding behavior in this species, which is a serious pest of planted conifer seedlings in Europe. We evaluated 55 benzoic acid derivatives and a few homologs as antifeedants for ...
Elaridi Jomana - - 2006
A method to facilitate regioselective formation of multiple dicarba isosteres of cystine is described. A sequence of ruthenium-catalyzed cross metathesis and rhodium-catalyzed hydrogenation of nonproteinaceous allylglycine derivatives has been developed to achieve high-yielding and unambiguous formation of diaminosuberic acid derivatives. Allylglycine derivatives readily undergo ruthenium-catalyzed metathesis and hydrogenation to yield ...
Ma Gil - - 2006
Concise syntheses of orlistat (Xenical), a two-carbon transposed orlistat derivative, and valilactone are described that employ the tandem Mukaiyama aldol-lactonization (TMAL) process as a key step. This process allows facile modification of the alpha-side chain. Versatile strategies for modifying the delta-side chain are described, involving cuprate addition and olefin metathesis. ...
Zaman Shazia - - 2006
A versatile synthesis of hydroxylated and epoxy 1-azepin 2-ones substituted at N1, C-3 and C-4 or C-7 has been developed. The sequence involves ring-closing metathesis of an amino acid derived diene amide, followed by either epoxidation or dihydroxylation, of the resulting alkene. Assay of the product epoxides (10, 18, 25) ...
Huvaere Kevin - - 2006
Photooxidation of sulfur-containing amino acids and derivatives readily occurs upon visible-light irradiation in the presence of flavins. The sulfur moiety seems pivotal for interaction, as was determined from kinetic analyses using laser flash photolysis spectroscopy. After photooxidation, the resulting radical intermediates were characterized by addition to a spin trap, followed ...
Femenía-Ríos Marienca - - 2006
A novel metabolite (-)-1 was isolated as its peracetylated derivative, (-)-2-(3',4'-diacetoxyphenyl)-3,4-diacetoxytetrahydrofuran (2), from a strain of the phytopathogenic fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides CECT 20122. The synthesis of (-)-1 was carried out by ring-closing metathesis of diene 6 and stereoselective dihydroxylation of a dihydrofuran derivative 7 as key steps. The tetraol (-)-1 ...
Davaran Soodabeh - - 2006
Polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivatives of ibuprofen were prepared by esterification of PEG monosuccinate with hydroxy ethyl ester (HEE), hydroxy ethylamide (HEA), and hydroxy ethyl thioester (HET) of ibuprofen. Hydrolysis of HEE-PEG, HEA-PEG, and HET-PEG were studied in vitro with or without esterases to investigate the applicability of these PEGylated prodrugs. ...
Sawant Swapnali - - 2006
Sarcophine (1), a cembranoid diterpene is known to inhibit the process of tumorigenesis. Sarcophine can be isolated in large amounts from the Red Sea soft coral Sarcophyton glaucum and hence is an ideal target for semisynthetic or biocatalytic modifications. Hydroxylated derivatives of 1 were reported to improve its anticancer activity. ...
Pieraccini Silvia - - 2006
[reaction: see text] The tunable interconversion between two highly ordered supramolecular motifs (G-quartet K(+)-templated column and G-ribbon) of a lipophilic guanosine derivative fueled by cation complexation and release in a cryptand [2.2.2] containing guanosine solution is reported. The process is controlled by the sequential addition of acid and base.
Marinho Bruno G - - 2006
The objective of this study was to investigate spinal and supraspinal antinociceptive effects of a new synthetic compound, (+/-)-cis-(6-ethyl-tetrahydropyran-2-yl)-formic acid (tetrahydropyran derivative). Its activity was compared with those from morphine. In peripheral models of inflammation and hyperalgesia, tetrahydropyran derivative significantly reduced nociceptive effect induced by acetic acid or formalin in ...
Jeong Byeong-Seon - - 2006
Ten semi-synthetic derivatives of asiatic acid were prepared and their wound healing effects were evaluated by employing a tensile strength assay and a wound area assay. Among them, ethoxymethyl 2-oxo-3,23-isopropylidene-asiatate (12) showed the strongest and the fastest wound healing activity. Furthermore, it left the smallest scar after healing.
Vachal Petr - - 2006
Alendronate derivatives were evaluated as potential prodrugs for the osteoporosis drug alendronate sodium in an attempt to enhance the systemic exposure after oral administration. An investigation of the chemical behavior of alendronate derivatives led to development of practical synthetic strategies and prediction of each structural class's prodrug potential. Pharmacokinetic studies ...
Suzuki Shigeo - - 2006
This study examined chemical regeneration of free oligosaccharides from their fluorescent derivatives prepared by reductive amination with various aromatic amines. Maltose derivatives of ethyl 4-aminobenzoate (p-ABEE), 2-aminobenzonitrile (o-ABN), 4-aminobenzonitrile (p-ABN), 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin (AMC), 2-aminobenzoic acid (o-ABA), 2-aminobenzamide (o-ABAD), 2-aminopyridine (AP), and 8-aminonaphthalene-1,3,6-trisulfonate (ANTS) were incubated at 30 degrees C with an ...
Ke Yuyong - - 2006
Stable radical cations of dimeric amino acid derivatives of tryptophan and tyrosine were generated by collision-induced dissociation of [Cu(II)(diethylenetriamine)(amino acid derivative)2]*2+. The yields of the dimer radical cations were dependent on both the auxiliary ligand and the tryptophan or tyrosine derivatives used. Amino acid derivatives with an unmodified carboxylic acid ...
Salunke Deepak B - - 2006
Synthesis of C-11 azido/amino functionalized cholic acid derivatives has been achieved in excellent yields. Contrary to the previous prediction of analogous compounds to be HIV-1 protease inhibitors, in the present study these novel cholic acid derivatives induced host cell fusion during the progress of HIV-1 infection and produced multinucleated giant ...
Gómez Romina V - - 2006
2-Amino-2,3-dideoxy-D-manno-heptonic acid (7) has been synthesized from 2,5,6,7-tetra-O-acetyl-3-deoxy-D-gluco-heptono-1,4-lactone (1), which was readily prepared from D-glycero-D-gulo-heptono-1,4-lactone. O-Deacetylation of 1 followed by treatment with 13:1 (v/v) 2,2-dimethoxypropane/acetone in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid gave methyl 3-deoxy-4,5:6,7-di-O-isopropylidene-D-gluco-heptonate (3) as a crystalline product (80% yield). The free hydroxyl group (OH-2) of 3 was mesylated ...
Chen Weijun - - 2006
Four ortho hydroxy-amino derivatives have been designed based on the structures of flavonoids to explore the effect of the ortho hydroxy-amino group on the antioxidant properties of molecules, and their bond dissociation enthalpies (BDE), ionization potentials (IP), the highest occupied molecular orbitals (HOMO), and spin densities have been calculated. The ...
Jeon Jongho - - 2006
An orthogonally protected derivative 1 of (2R,3R,4S)-4,7-diamino-2,3-dihydroxyheptanoic acid, the unusual amino acid residue of the biologically active marine peptides such as callipeltins A and D and neamphamide A, was efficiently prepared in 10 steps and 30% overall yield from a commercially available L-ornithine derivative 2. The key step includes the ...
Lang Gerhard - - 2006
Using HPLC/microtiter-plate-based generation of activity profiles the extract of a marine alga-derived fungus, identified as Gliocladium sp., was shown to contain the known strongly cytotoxic metabolite 4-keto-clonostachydiol (1) and also clonostachydiol (2) as well as gliotide (3), a new cyclodepsipeptide containing several D-amino acids. The absolute configuration of 1 was ...
Ratnam D Venkat - - 2006
Antioxidants are gaining tremendous interest as chemopreventive as well as chemotherapeutic agents. Ellagic acid (EA) is a plant derived compound with very poor solubility in water and very low octanol/water partition coefficient and coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) is a highly lipophilic compound, which is synthesized in the body and can be ...
Larrosa Mar - - 2006
Urolithins A and B (hydroxy-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran-6-one derivatives) are colonic microflora metabolites recently proposed as biomarkers of human exposure to dietary ellagic acid derivatives. Molecular models suggest that urolithins could display estrogenic and/or antiestrogenic activity. To this purpose, both urolithins and other known phytoestrogens (genistein, daidzein, resveratrol, and enterolactone) were assayed to ...
Xie Dong - - 2006
Several methacrylate or acrylate derivatives of natural amino acids were synthesized and characterized. Based upon these derivatives, novel amino acid-constructed polyalkenoic acids were prepared and used to formulate glass-ionomer cements (GICs) with Fuji II glass filler. The effects of type of derivatives, molar ratio, molecular weight, and powder/liquid ratio were ...
Yajima Saki - - 2006
Neamine derivatives bearing a nucleobase, adenine, cytosine, guanine or thymine with a lysine or an arginine as a linker have been synthesized and its potential as the inhibitor for HIV TAR-Tat interaction examined. Among them, modified neamine having an arginine-nucleobase showed a higher inhibition than that of the one having ...
He Min - - 2006
Pipecolic acid is an important precursor of many useful microbial secondary metabolites. Pipecolic acid-derived moieties are often crucial for the biological activities of some microbial natural products with pharmaceutical applications. Understanding the biogenesis of pipecolic acid in microorganisms would be a significant step toward the mutasynthesis of novel analogs of ...
Muccioli Giulio G - - 2006
The demonstration of the essential role of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) in hydrolyzing endogenous bioactive fatty acid derivatives has launched the quest for the discovery of inhibitors for this enzyme. Along this line, a set of 58 imidazolidine-2,4-dione and 2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-one derivatives was evaluated as FAAH inhibitors. Among these compounds, ...
Rodriquez Manuela - - 2006
[reaction: see text] Differently substituted 2-amino-8-oxodecanoic acids (Aodas), present in naturally occurring inhibitors of hystone deacetylase (HDAC), have been prepared using a convergent approach. The configuration in position 2 was derived from enantiomerically pure allylglycine or glutamic acid, whereas the stereochemistry of the substituent in position 9 derived from lactic ...
Fei Jiangfeng - - 2006
[structure: see text] A versatile strategy for the synthesis of polymerizable derivatives of the redox-active indicator dye 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) is reported. Two products are shown to illustrate how the final step in the synthetic strategy can be used to alter the physical properties of the product. Both products were ...
Al-Deeb Omar A - - 2006
The reaction of 3-(1-adamantyl)-4-substituted-1,2,4-triazoline-5-thiones 3a-g with sodium chloroacetate, in ethanolic sodium hydroxide yielded the corresponding N1-acetic acid derivatives 4a-g. The interaction of 3a-g with ethyl 2-bromopropionate in acetone, in the presence of potassium carbonate, yielded the corresponding N1-ethyl propionate derivatives 5a-g, which upon hydrolysis with aqueous sodium hydroxide afforded the ...
Williams John - - 2006
We have synthesized 4,4-dimethoxyoxazoline derivatives of several fatty acids associated with the endocannabinoid metabolome using tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane in a 1-step reaction by microwave irradiation. The derivatization incorporates a nitrogen into the final product, which allows for improved detection by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in positive atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) mode. Palmitic ...
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