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Tokuoka Yoshikazu - - 2008
Enhancing effect of l-menthol and its derivatives, l-menthyl formate, l-menthyl acetate, and l-menthyl propionate, on skin permeation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) through Yucatan micropig full-thickness skin was investigated using a Franz-type diffusion cell. ALA solutions were prepared using ethanol-water mixed solvents with l-menthol or the derivative. Skin permeation coefficients (Kp) ...
Lee Si-Young - - 2008
Entomopathogenic fungi are unique owing to their versatile ability to produce many bioactive compounds and from the dependence of their morphological differentiation on the presence of insect-derived materials. An entomopathogenic fungus, Metarhizium anisopliae HF293, was found to show insect-material-dependent production of antibacterial compounds, which were purified to homogeneity from 10-d ...
Abdel-Halim O B - - 2008
A new pyran derivative, 6-hydroxy-2H-pyran-3-carbaldehyde, has been isolated from the methanolic extract of Crinum yemense along with the known alkaloid haemanthamine, benzoic acid and 1,1'-bis(1,1'-carboxyethyl) ether which is isolated from a natural source for the first time. Structure elucidation of these compounds based on spectroscopicevidences. The pyran derivative was found ...
Yumoto Koji - - 2008
Photochromic behavior of diarylethene derivatives with (4-pyridyl)ethynyl group directly attached to the 6-pi hexatriene moieties of the diarylethenes was investigated. Upon quaternarization of the pyridine moieties, the photoreactivity was strongly suppressed. On the other hand, diarylethene derivatives with nonconjugated (4-pyridyl)ethyl group exhibited the photochromic reactivity, regardless of whether pyridyl rings ...
Papetti Adele - - 2008
The hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives found in Chicorium endivia var. crispum and var. latifolium polyphenolic extracts were detected and characterized by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) combined with photodiode array detector (DAD) and electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). The method provides data (molecular weight and diagnostic fragment ions) on the molecular structure ...
Hamdi Naceur - - 2008
Different substituted 3,3'-arylidenebis-4-hydroxycoumarins (1-7) and tetrakis-4-hydroxycoumarin derivative 8 are the final products when 4-hydroxycoumarin and aromatic aldehydes containing different groups in ortho, meta or para positions condense in boiling ethanol or acetic acid. Upon heating 3,3'-arylidenebis-4-hydroxycoumarins, and tetrakis-4-hydroxycoumarin derivative in anhydride acetic acid, the epoxydicoumarins (9-16) were formed. From a ...
Shaabani Ahmad - - 2008
A novel one-pot pseudo-five-component synthesis of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1 H-1,4-diazepine-5-carboxamide derivatives starting from simple and readily available inputs including 2,3-diaminomaleonitrile, a cyclic or acyclic ketone, an isocyanide, and water in the presence of a catalytic amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid in aqueous medium at ambient temperature in high yields is described.
Wainwright Mark - - 2008
The first 20 years of anticancer photodynamic therapy (PDT) were based on the utility of the oligomeric mixture haematoporphyrin derivative (HpD) in various forms. More recently new derivatives have become available, both porphyrin-derived and employing new chromophores, for example from the phthalocyanine and phenothiazinium families. In addition, a major research ...
Kitani Satoru - - 2008
3-Arylthiochromone derivatives were synthesized as new photolabile protecting groups, in which the photoreactivity was switchable based on oxidation of the sulfur atom (sulfide and sulfone); the protected substrates , released the corresponding alcohols, amines or carbonxylic acids almost quantitatively under UV-light in neutral condition and the photoproduct showed high fluorescence ...
Patkar Kshitij A - - 2009
Herein, we describe a general strategy for the facile synthesis of a multifunctional amino acid derivative bearing both fluorescent and photolabile groups such as the lysine derivative NvocLys(CO(CH2)5NH-NBD)OCH2CN (1) that can be used as a biophysical tool for studying protein structure. The synthetic strategy involves functionalization of the amine groups ...
Chadalapaka Gayathri - - 2008
Derivatives of oleanolic acid, ursolic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid substituted with electron-withdrawing groups at the 2-position in the A-ring which also contains a 1-en-3-one structure are potent inhibitors of cancer cell growth. In this study, we have compared the effects of several 2-substituted analogs of triterpenoid acid methyl esters derived ...
Junek Richard - - 2009
A series of arylalkanoic acid derivatives bearing methyl(phenethyl)amino groups were prepared and their inhibition of LTB(4) biosynthesis was evaluated. Regression analysis showed the slightly different parabolic dependences of this activity on lipophilicity of alpha-methyl and alpha-unsubstituted alkanoic acid derivatives. The relationship derived for alpha-unsubstituted alkanoic acids was extended by previously ...
Tan Boon-Hooi - - 2008
Liquid-crystalline (LC) properties have been induced in a number of spiropyran derivatives by the addition of methanesulfonic acid. Spiropyran derivatives containing one or two gallic acid moieties with one, two, or three long alkyl chains were prepared. Acid-induced spiro-protonated-merocyanine isomerization induced mesomorphism for these materials. Equimolar mixtures of methanesulfonic acid ...
Schobert Rainer - - 2008
Significant developments in the isolation of tetramic acids and tetronic acids, in the elucidation of their biosyntheses and their biological activities and in laboratory syntheses are reviewed with a focus on those derivatives with medicinal and pharmacological relevance. Important new members of the title compound families isolated since the year ...
Cmoch Piotr - - 2008
The saponins modified with mono- or trimannosyl residues can provide a convenient means of delivering drugs to certain human cells via interactions with mannose receptors. In the study reported therein, we developed a convenient approach for the synthesis of 3-O-mannoside and branched trimannoside derivatives of the saponin lupeol and of ...
Loutelier-Bourhis Corinne - - 2008
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry investigations have been carried out for the structural analysis of trimethylsilyl methyl derivatives of keto-deoxy sugars and sialic acids studied under electron ionization. Fragmentation patterns were determined. The three derivatives undergo some common fragmentation pathways. Formation of fragment ions possessing cyclic resonance-stabilized structures was demonstrated. As the ...
Posa Mihalj - - 2008
The knowledge of the process of formation of molecular aggregates of bile acids in aqueous media and of the corresponding critical micellar concentrations (CMCs) is of great significance because of the biological importance of these compounds and their pharmacological applications. In view of this, the present study is concerned with ...
Liu Jen-Tsai - - 2008
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is formed by a nonenzymatic reaction of glucose with the N-terminal valine of adult hemoglobin's beta-chain. The amount of HbA1c reflects the average concentration of glucose variation level over the preceding 2 to 3 months. Because the boronate has antibody mimicking for HbA1c, often it is used ...
Hamilton-Miller J M T - - 2008
Semi-synthetic penicillins and cephalosporins both derive from their respective chemical nuclei, 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) and 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA). Work leading to their isolation was being carried out in parallel, but following very different pathways, during the last half of the 1950s. The development of 6-APA was reviewed recently in this ...
Cetin Anil - - 2008
Three different aniline derivatives, namely m- and p-aminobenzoic acids and m-amino benzenesulfonic acid, were sequestered in between layers of a borate-based coordination polymer, based on lead(II) tetrakis(imidazolyl)borate. The aniline derivatives pre-organized in the interlayer spacing of the coordination polymer, and the reactivity of these pre-organized anionic monomers in the crystalline ...
Dahiya Rajiv - - 2008
Two substituted quinazolinyl/imidazolyl-salicylic acids 5, 6 were synthesized by the reaction of 6-iodo-2-methylbenzoxazin-4-one/5-nitroimidazole with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA). Coupling of compounds 5 and 6 with different amino acid ester hydrochlorides, dipeptide and tripeptide methyl esters yielded novel quinazolino/imidazolopeptide derivatives 5a-f and 6a-g. The chemical structures of all newly synthesized compounds were ...
Peyrottes S - - 2008
Synthesis, in vitro anti-HIV activity, stability studies as well as potential for oral absorption of some novel phenyl S-acyl-2-thioethyl (SATE) phosphotriester derivatives of AZT (zidovudine; 3'-azido-2',3'- dideoxythymidine) are reported herein. These mononucleotide prodrugs (pronucleotides) are characterized by the presence of polar (amino or hydroxyl) functions on the SATE biolabile phosphate ...
Bartkowiak Grazyna - - 2008
Electron ionization mass spectra of 12 derivatives of 2-thioorotic acid have been discussed and general fragmentation routes of their molecular ions have been proposed. The compounds under discussion were three groups of four chemical species (2-alkylthioorotic acid, methyl 2-alkylthioorotate, ethyl 2-alkylthioorotate and 2- alkylthioorotic hydrazide) each with the same relative ...
Eizaguirre Ane - - 2008
The gas-phase acidity of R--XH (R=H, CH(3), CH(2)CH(3), CH==CH(2), C[triple chemical bond]CH; X=Be, Mg, Ca) alkaline-earth-metal derivatives has been investigated through the use of high-level CCSD(T) calculations by using a 6-311+G(3df,2p) basis set. BeH(2) is a stronger acid than BH(3) and CH(4) for two concomitant reasons: 1) the dissociation energy ...
Casanovas Jordi - - 2008
DFT calculations at the B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) level have been used to investigate the intrinsic conformational preferences of 1-amino-2-phenylcyclopentane-1-carboxylic acid (c5Phe), a constrained analogue of phenylalanine in which the alpha and beta carbons are included in a cyclopentane ring. Specifically, the N-acetyl-N'-methylamide derivatives of the cis and trans stereoisomers, where cis and ...
Schweifer Anna - - 2008
2-Hydroxyethyl- and (S)-2-hydroxybutylphosphonic acid were prepared, starting in the latter case from (S)-2-aminobutyric acid. They were fed to cultures of Streptomyces fradiae producing fosfomycin. Only the latter (150 microg/mL of medium) was converted to the ethyl analogue of fosfomycin, isolated as 2-amino-1-hydroxybutylphosphonic acid (3%) in admixture with 2-amino-1-hydroxypropylphosphonic acid (97%) ...
De Lucia Maria - - 2007
The reaction chemistry of menthofuran (1), a toxic furan terpenoid from various mint oils, with nitric acid and nitrous acid has been investigated. Treatment of 1 with nitric acid afforded a 1:1 mixture of the bisfuran derivatives 5 and 6, resulting from the unexpected cleavage of the furan into two ...
Morshedi Dina - - 2007
Amyloid aggregation of polypeptides is related to a growing number of pathologic states known as amyloid disorders. There is a great deal of interest in developing small molecule inhibitors of the amyloidogenic processes. In the present article, the inhibitory effects of some indole derivatives on amyloid fibrillation of hen egg ...
Yue Jin - - 2008
Hexasubstituted benzene derivatives, aromatic triols 4, 9 and triacids 5, 10 have been synthesized from oleic and erucic acid derivatives followed by a cyclotrimerization step catalyzed by palladium-on-carbon (Pd/C) and chlorotrimethylsilane (TMSCl). The asymmetric isomer, which is the main product, was isolated from its symmetric isomer by flash chromatography. All ...
Wangun Hilaire V Kemami - - 2007
Three new tetramic acid derivatives, epicoccamides B-D, together with the known epicoccamide, were isolated from an Epicoccum sp. associated with the tree fungus Pholiota squarrosa. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of their physical data and chemical degradation. The epicoccamides differ in substitution pattern and ...
Rontani Jean-François - - 2008
This paper, describing electron ionization mass spectral fragmentation of some hydroxycarboxylic and oxocarboxylic acid trimethylsilyl derivatives, focuses on the formation of fragment ions resulting from the interactions between the two functionalities of these compounds. These interactions result in the formation of fragment ions at [CH2=C(OTMS)2]+., [CH2=CHC(OTMS)=OTMS]+, [M-31]+, [M-105]+, and [M-RCHO]+. ...
Weyler Stefanie - - 2008
A library of anilinoanthraquinone derivatives was synthesized by parallel Ullmann coupling reaction of bromaminic acid with aniline derivatives in solution using a compact parallel synthesizer. The products were purified by HPLC and evaluated as antagonists at mouse and human P2Y2 receptors. 4-Phenylamino-substituted 1-amino-2-sulfoanthraquinones, for example, 1-amino-4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-2-sulfoanthraquinone (PSB-716), were potent P2Y2 ...
Nakahashi Atsufumi - - 2007
Systematic VCD studies of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac), a recognition-related unique carbohydrate, were performed for the first time. Two pairs of anomeric isomers regarding a quaternary C2 asymmetric carbon of Neu5Ac derivatives were synthesized. VCD spectral patterns around the ester carbonyl region, as well as other Mid-IR regions, would be practical ...
Brégeon D - - 2008
Starting from commercially available amino acid derivatives, two novel families of chiral ionic liquids having either a thiazolinium or an imidazolium cation were prepared by simple and straightforward procedures in good overall yields. The properties of these new salts can be finely tuned by careful selection of the anion and ...
Akay Senol - - 2007
Cell surface glycoproteins have been known to play very important roles in various physiologic and pathologic processes. Small molecule compounds capable of carbohydrate recognition can be very useful for the development of sensing, diagnostic, and therapeutic agents. Along this line, we are interested in developing water-soluble fluorescent boronic acid compounds ...
Miranda-Olvera Alma D - - 2007
Two synthetic procedures for HYNIC oxytocin labeling were developed: one based on an orthogonal protection approach and the other with prelabeled (Boc)HYNIC-(Fmoc) amino acids. Both procedures were compared and applied to the preparation of several HYNIC-oxytocin derivatives where ligand position and amino acid (lysine and phenylalanine) were varied. Additionally, an ...
Shaabani Ahmad - - 2007
A novel multi-component synthesis of highly substituted 1,6-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitrile derivatives starting from simple and readily available inputs is described. Thus, simply stirring an ethanol solution of 2,3-diaminomaleonitrile, a ketone, and an isocyanide in the presence of a catalytic amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid provided highly substituted 1,6-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dicarbonitrile derivatives in good to excellent ...
Sabiniarz Aleksandra - - 2007
Synthesis of 1-[2-hydroxy-3-(4-o,m,p-halogenophenyl)- and 3-(4-m-chlorophenyl)-1-piperazinyl]propyl derivatives of amides of 7-methyl-3-phenyl-2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (18, 20-23, 25, 27-30 and 19, 24, 26) is described. All substances were active as analgesic agents in "writhing syndrome" test and except of 18 and 23 they acted stronger than acetylsalicylic acid. All final derivatives tested significantly suppressed ...
Oliveira Joana - - 2007
Three new anthocyanin-derived pigments were found to occur in a 2-year-old Port red wine. Their structures were elucidated through LC/DAD-MS and NMR analysis and were found to correspond to a pyranoanthocyanin moiety linked to substituted cinnamyl substituents. The structures of these compounds are very similar to the one already reported ...
Hanczkó R - - 2007
The main aims of this work were (a) to present the characteristics and stability of the o-phthalaldehyde (OPA)-ethanethiol (ET) derivatives of 22 amino acids, including the believed-to-be less stable OPA derivatives providing glycine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, beta-alanine, histidine, ornithine, lysine and the C(1)-C(5) aliphatic amines; (b) to compare the stability properties ...
Arróniz-Crespo M - - 2008
We examined, under laboratory conditions, the physiological responses of the aquatic liverwort Jungermannia exsertifolia subsp. cordifolia to artificially enhanced ultraviolet (UV) radiation for 82 days, especially considering the responses of five hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. This species lives in mountain streams, where it is exposed to low temperatures and high UV ...
Lewgowd Wiesława - - 2007
As a continuation of our study, physicochemical properties of some antibacterial active 4-imino-1,4-dihydrocinnoline-3-carboxylic acid and 4-oxo-1,4-dihydrocinnoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives were investigated. Partition coefficient (log P), and dissociation constant (pKa) were experimentally determined and also calculated by the use of ACDLabs system software. The obtained values were correlated with experimental data.
Danton Malcolm M MRC Bioanalytical Science Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX, - - 2007
Hydroxylated uroporphyrin I and urochlorin I derivatives formed by photochemical oxidation of uroporphyrinogen I were separated by high-performance liquid chromatography and fully characterized by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The porphyrins and chlorins were identified by analysis of their product ion spectra with each hydroxylated derivative giving a characteristic collision-induced ...
Kemami Wangun Hilaire V - - 2007
Investigation of the metabolic profile of a fungus (Epicoccum sp.) isolated from the fruiting body of the tree fungus Pholiota squarrosa led to the discovery of two novel tetramic acid derivatives, epicoccarine A (2) and B (3), as well as a new pyridone alkaloid, epipyridone (1), with an unusually cyclized ...
García-Granados Andrés - - 2007
Hyptatic acid-A (32), a 2alpha,3beta,24-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid, previously isolated from Hyptis capitata, was obtained from maslinic acid (2). The regioselective cyclopalladation of the axial methyl group on C-4 of maslinic acid afforded the C-24 hydroxymethylene group due to the presence of a C-2-OR substituent. Nevertheless, hederagenin (7) (23-hydroxy derivative) was formed ...
Posa Mihalj - - 2007
This study examined the effect of the structure and concentration of cholic acid and its keto derivatives on the local analgesic action of lidocaine in rats, measured by an analgesimetric method. The increase in bile acid concentrations in the administered lidocaine solution increased the duration of local anesthesia. It was ...
Roversi Pietro P Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RE, England, - - 2007
The complement (C) system is a potent innate immune defence system against parasites. We have recently characterised and expressed OmCI, a 16 kDa protein derived from the soft tick Ornithodoros moubata that specifically binds C5, thereby preventing C activation. The structure of recombinant OmCI determined at 1.9 A resolution confirms ...
Steiner Andreas J - - 2007
Cyclization by double reductive amination of D-xylo-hexos-5-ulose with the terminal amino group of alpha-N-Boc-lysine methyl ester gave a 4:1-mixture of (1'R)-N-methoxycarbonyl-(1-N-Boc-amino)pentyl-1-deoxynojirimycin and the corresponding L-ido epimer whereas D-lyxo-hexos-5-ulose furnished the desired N-alkylated 1-deoxymannojirimycin derivative without any observable epimer formation at C-5. By subsequent modification of the lysine moiety, additional chain-extended ...
George Lisa - - 2007
It has been documented that 5-methylene-Meldrum's acid derivatives (1, 12 ) and their enols (2, 13) can undergo fragmentation to malonic anhydrides (4, 19 ), carboxyketenes (3, 16) and methyleneketene (5, 21 , 35 ), as well as cyclization to pyrrole-3-one and thiophene-3-one derivatives 11a,b (but not furan-3-ones 11c ) ...
Schindler József - - 2007
Racemic 1-phenylethylamine was optically resolved by its own derivative formed with glutaric acid namely (+)-(R)-N-(1-phenylethyl)glutaramic acid. The amide acid resolving agent was synthesized from (+)-(R)-1-phenylethylamine by N-derivatization. The glutaric acid derivative was the next in a homologous series of dicarboxilic acid derivatized resolving agents of racemic 1-phenylethylamine. Resolution results obtained ...
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