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West Allyson A - - 2014
The lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV) dietary regimen allows eggs, which are a rich source of choline. Consumption of eggs by LOV women may be especially important during pregnancy and lactation when demand for choline is high. The aim of this single blind, randomized, crossover-feeding study was to determine how near-daily egg consumption influenced biomarkers ...
Phan Thi Lan-Anh LA Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71 Chou-Shan Rd., Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a recalcitrant organic pollutant in wastewater because of its wide range of applications. Technologies for PFOA treatment have recently been developed. In this study, PFOA decomposition by sonochemical treatment was investigated to determine the effects of NaHCO3 concentrations, N2 saturation, and pH on decomposition rates and ...
Cui Qingya Q aThe Department of Hematology, PLA 100th Hospital bJiangsu Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Key Lab of Thrombosis and Hemostasis of Ministry of Health, Suzhou, - - 2014
Chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation is a rare complication of aortic dissection. Surgical correction or low molecular weight heparin is treatment of choice, but for a severe bleeding problem due to excessive fibrinolysis, para-aminomethylbenzoic acid would be a simple and effective therapeutic approach.
Luyasu S - - 2014
High anion gap metabolic acidosis due to pyroglutamic acid (5-oxoproline) is a rare complication of acetaminophen treatment (which depletes glutathione stores) and is often associated with clinically moderate to severe encephalopathy. Acquired 5-oxoprolinase deficiency (penicillins) or the presence of other risk factors of glutathione depletion such as malnutrition or sepsis ...
Martínez-Esplá Alejandra - - 2014
Trees of 'Sweet Heart' and 'Sweet Late' sweet cherry cultivars (Prunus avium L.) were treated with oxalic acid (OA) at 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mM after 98, 112 and 126 days after full blossom. Results showed that all treatments increased fruit size at harvest, manifested by higher fruit volume and ...
Burns-Whitmore Bonny - - 2014
Plant and marine n-3 fatty acids (FA) may favorably modify select markers of cardiovascular disease risk. Whether supplementing the habitual diet of lacto-ovo-vegetarians (LOV) with walnuts (containing alpha-linolenic acid, ALA) and n-3 FA enriched eggs (containing primarily docosahexaenoic acid, DHA and ALA) would have equivalent effects on CVD risk factors ...
Moukha-Chafiq Omar - - 2014
A small library of ninety four uridine antibiotic analogs was synthesized, under the Pilot Scale Library (PSL) Program of the NIH Roadmap initiative, from amine 2 and carboxylic acids 33 and 77 in solution-phase fashion. Diverse aldehyde, sulfonyl chloride, and carboxylic acid reactant sets were condensed to 2, leading after ...
Guo Binjie B Laboratory of Molecular Recognition and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, Zhejiang, P. R. China. - - 2014
A method using quinidine and optically active binol-derived phosphoric acid as a cocatalyst to catalyze the asymmetric semipinacol rearrangement of 2,3-allenols forming optically active 3-bromo-3-enals that contain an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter has been developed. After some further treatments, the products with practical enantiomeric purity could be prepared.
Nishijima Wataru W Environmental Research and Management Center, Hiroshima University, 1-5-3 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8513, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cleaning-in-Place (CIP) in the beverage industry is typically carried out in production lines with alkaline and acidic solutions with detergents. This cleaning not only produces alkaline and acidic wastewater with detergents but also takes significant time. One of the important targets for CIP is adsorbed odorous compounds on gaskets, hence, ...
Chiesa S S Bioenergy and Energy Planning Research Group (BPE), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present work, two pretreatment techniques using either dilute acid (H2SO4) or dilute alkali (NaOH) have been compared for producing bioethanol from Empty Fruit Bunches (EFBs) from oil palm tree, a relevant feedstock for tropical countries. Treatments' performances under different conditions have been assessed and statistically optimized with respect ...
Li Qingjiang Q Department of Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University , 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United - - 2014
A carefully designed three-step unsaturation of carboxylic acids is described. Briefly, carboxylic acids were converted to the trifluoromethyl ketone. Subsequent treatment with selenium dioxide followed by hydrolysis afforded α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids. The mechanism of the reported transformation was investigated, which led us to propose a novel explanation featuring selenium dioxide ...
Viljanen Kaarina K VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, - - 2014
The impact of bioprocessing on lingonberry flavour was studied by sensory evaluation and chemical analysis (organic acids, mannitol, phenolic compounds, sugars and volatile compounds). Bioprocessing of lingonberries with enzymes, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) or yeast, or their combination (excluding pure LAB fermentation) affected their perceived flavour and chemical composition. Sweetness ...
Yuyama Miki - - 2014
Valproic acid (VPA), a short-chain fatty acid that is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, is known to suppress adipogenesis. In this study, we identified the molecular mechanism of VPA-mediated suppression of adipogenesis in adipocytes. VPA suppressed the accumulation of intracellular triglycerides. The expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ and ...
Taltavull Núria - - 2014
Marine polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been associated with improvement in the Metabolic Syndrome (MS). The aim of this study is to evaluate how three fish-oil diets with different eicosapentaenoic acid /docosahexaenoic acid ratios (EPA/DHA ratio) affect the histology of liver, kidney, adipose tissue ...
Kalita Suravi S Department of Zoology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793 022, - - 2014
Chlorambucil is an anticancer drug with alkylating and immunosuppressive activities. Considering various reports on the possible antioxidant/protective functions of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), it was aimed at to explore the modulatory effect of ascorbic acid on therapeutic efficacy and toxicity induced by chlorambucil. Dalton's ascites lymphoma tumor serially maintained in ...
Nezamidoust M M Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, - - 2014
Sulphur-containing amino acids (SAA) are essential and usually the first limiting amino acids for growth, milk and wool production. The keratin fibre that grows from epidermal tissue is rich in SAA. The rate of fibre growth and its S content are influenced by the availability of SAA. Betaine is a ...
Barragán Eduardo - - 2014
Objective: To compare efficacy of Omega-3/6 fatty acids (Equazen eye q™) with methylphenidate (MPH) and combined MPH + Omega-3/6 in children with ADHD. Method: Participants (N = 90) were randomized to Omega-3/6, long-acting MPH, or combination for 12 months. ADHD symptoms were assessed using the ADHD Rating Scale and Clinical ...
Cao Ming-Kai - - 2014
A specific range of methyl ketones contribute to the distinctive flavor of traditional blue cheeses. These ketones are metabolites of lipid metabolism by Penicillium mold added to cheese for this purpose. Two processes, namely the homogenization of milkfat and the addition of exogenous lipase enzymes, are historically applied measures to ...
Li Yingying - - 2014
L-valine solutions in water and phosphate buffer were treated with non-thermal plasma generated by using a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) device and the products generated after plasma treatments were characterized by 1H NMR and GC-MS. Our results demonstrate that L-valine is decomposed to acetone, formic acid, acetic acid, threo-methylaspartic acid, ...
van der Bij Hendrik E HE Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
In order to elucidate phosphorus-zeolite H-ZSM-5 interactions, a variety of phosphorus-modified zeolite H-ZSM-5 materials were studied in a multi-spectroscopic manner. By deploying single pulse (27)Al, (31)P MAS NMR, 2D heteronuclear (27)Al-(31)P correlation (HETCOR), (27)Al MQ MAS NMR spectroscopy, TPD of pyridine monitored by FT-IR spectroscopy, and Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy ...
Ogata Fumihiko F Faculty of Pharmacy, Kinki - - 2014
In this study, waste edible oil was prepared by both heat and aeration treatment, and the increasing inhibitive effect of tocopherol treatment on the acid value (AV) and carbonyl value (CV) of the oil was investigated. The AV and CV of waste edible oil treated with tocopherol were 0.1-1.0% lower ...
Glauser Melanie M Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Service de Biomédecine, Hôpital Beaumont, Av de Beaumont 29, CH-1011 Lausanne, - - 2014
Total (i.e. free+sulfated) metanephrines in plasma is a biomarker for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. Sulfated metanephrines must be completely deconjugated by perchloric acid hydrolysis or sulfatase treatment prior to analytical measurement to enable quantification by current techniques. In this report we compare the yield and efficiency of both methods. Deconjugation ...
Yi Wei G - - 2014
The effects of microwave irradiation, microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process (MW/H2O2-AOP), ultrasonic and/or protease enzymatic treatments on chemical and physical properties of waste-activated sludge were studied. The different treatment mechanisms resulted in various degrees of biomass cell destruction and nutrient release, as evidenced by transformation of chemical constituents, particle size ...
Akiyama Kousuke K School of Agriculture, Tokai - - 2014
Three new acylated methyl glycosides and two new acylated glycosidic acid methyl esters were isolated after treatment of the crude ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction from seeds of Quamoclit pennata BOJER (Convolvulaceae) with indium(III) chloride in methanol. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical conversions.
Morey Amit A Dept. of Food Science and Agriculture, Dept. of Poultry Science, and Faculty of College of Agriculture, Auburn Univ., Auburn, Ala. 36849, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate anti-listerial efficacy of salts of organic acids, and their impact on the quality of frankfurters. Beef frankfurters were manufactured by incorporating organic acids in 5 different combinations: (1) control (no marinade addition; C); (2) sodium lactate (2% wt/wt; SL); (3) potassium lactate ...
McCann Linda D - - 2013
Bioinvasions are a significant force of change--and economic and ecological threat--in marine ecosystems. The threat now encroaches on Alaska, which has had relatively few invasions compared to other global regions, prompting need to develop new incursion response tools. We appraised five 'eco-friendly' immersion treatment options (dilute acetic acid, dilute bleach, ...
Sanchez-Roman Ines - - 2013
A low rate of mitochondrial ROS production (mitROSp) and a low degree of fatty acid unsaturation are characteristic traits of long-lived animals and can be obtained in a single species by methionine restriction (MetR) or atenolol (AT) treatments. However, simultaneous application of both treatments has never been performed. In the ...
Brewer Lauren Renee LR Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, - - 2014
It is unknown if particle size plays a role in extracting health promoting compounds in wheat bran because the extraction of antioxidant and phenolic compounds with particle size reduction has not been well documented. In this study, unmilled whole bran (coarse treatment) was compared to whole bran milled to medium ...
Gagné Jason W - - 2013
Sled dogs commonly suffer from diarrhea. Although multiple etiologies exist there are limited field studies using synbiotics as a supplement to prevent or treat diarrhea. The objective of this study was to examine alterations in fecal quality, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), and the fecal microbiome in two groups of training ...
Demirci Serpil - - 2013
6-Substituted amino-penicillanic acid esters were synthesized starting with 6-apa. The compounds containing a 1,3-thiazole- or 1,3-thiazolidinone nucleus linked to the penicillanic acid skeleton via a hydrazino linkage were obtained from 6-apa. The treatment of carbonylamino and carbonothioylamino compounds with 4-chlorophenacyl bromide or ethyl bromoacetate gave 6-bis{4-[1,3-thiazol(idinone)amino]benzoyl}amino derivatives of 6-apa. Benzyl ...
Iida Takashi - - 2013
Mild and regioselective conversion of 3-keto-5α- and 3-keto-5β-steroids (trans A/B- and cis A/B-ring juncture, respectively) to the corresponding enones (Δ(1)- and Δ(4)-3-ketones) by treatment with 2-iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX) catalyzed by trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in DMSO, is described. The IBX-mediated reaction involved dehydrogenation of the α- and β-hydrogen atoms of the ...
Rao Supriya - - 2013
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) are highly prevalent medical conditions that reduce quality of life and represent a substantial economic burden on healthcare cost. Until recently, no specific treatment options were available. This review will provide an update of the most recent randomized clinical trials data ...
Jung Sokhee Philemon - - 2013
Successive alkalinity-producing systems (SAPSs) is a key unit process in the passive treatment of acidic mine drainage. Physico-chemistry and pyrosequencing-based bacterial communities of two passive treatment processes in Gapjung (GJ) and Seokbong (SB) were analyzed. The influent of SB harbored higher levels of acidity and metals than that of GJ. ...
Nagoba Basavaraj S - - 2013
The ulceration associated with gout tophi is very difficult to treat because of impaired and halted local inflammatory response resulting from the gout treatment regimen. We report chronic nonhealing tophaceous gout with bursitis in an 80-year-old male, not responding to conventional treatment modality for months together. This nonhealing ulcer was ...
Holland Aleicia - - 2013
Humic Substances (HS) have been shown to decrease the toxicity of environmental stressors, however, knowledge on their ability to influence the toxicity of multiple stressors such as metal mixtures and low pH associated with acid mine drainage (AMD) is still limited. The present study investigated the ability of HS to ...
Giaouris Efstathios - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the possible impact of acid adaptation of Listeria monocytogenes cells on their attachment to stainless steel (SS) during long-term incubation under either low or moderate temperature conditions and on the subsequent recalcitrance of attached cells to lethal acid treatments. Initially, nonadapted or acid-adapted stationary phase ...
Nam Seong-Nam SN Engineering Research Institute, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu 151-744, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this study, we have investigated the feasibility of using a thermochemical technique on ∼17% chrysotile-containing roofing sheet or slate (ACS), in which 5N sulfuric acid-digestive destruction was incorporated with 10-24-h heating at 100°C. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the polarized light microscopy (PLM) results have clearly shown that raw ...
Appleman Timothy D - - 2013
The near ubiquitous presence of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in humans has raised concerns about potential human health effects from these chemicals, some of which are both extremely persistent and bioaccumulative. Because some of these chemicals are highly water soluble, one major pathway for human exposure is the consumption ...
Hoffman Louwrens C LC Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2013
The effect of rooibos tea extract (RBTE 0%, 0.25%, 0.50%, 1.00%) as a natural antioxidant on the lipid and protein stability of ostrich droëwors (traditional South African dried sausage) after a 15day drying period was investigated. The lipid stability of the droëwors increased with 0.25% RBTE having lower TBARS. The ...
Bellino Silvio - - 2013
Omega-3 fatty acids have received increasing interest due to their effects in stabilizing plasmatic membranes and regulating cell signaling. The efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids in psychiatric disorders, in particular mood disorders, has been studied. There have been two trials on eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) in the ...
Pott Robert W M - - 2013
Crude glycerol (CG) from biodiesel production is often contaminated with several compounds, including saponified fatty acids (SFAs). Photofermentative growth of Rhodopseudomonas palustris on glycerol leads to hydrogen production; however, R. palustris is inhibited by SFAs. This study examines inhibition of R. palustris by SFAs, finding that, with increasing concentration of ...
Amornkitbamrung Lunjakorn - - 2013
Uniform spherical palladium nanoparticles with an average particle size of 4.3±0.5nm were successfully synthesized by reducing H2PdCl4 with intermediates in situ generated during a successive acidic/alkaline treatment of sucrose. A successive acidic/alkaline treatment plays an important role on converting the non-reducing sucrose into efficient reducing species containing aldehyde functionality. The ...
Williams Yvonne D - - 2013
Methoxytropolones are useful scaffolds for therapeutic development due to their known biological activity. Upon treatment with triflic acid, a series of 3-methoxy-8-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-dien-2-ones rearrange rapidly and cleanly to form methoxytropolones. Interestingly, bicyles that are derived from dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate instead form furans as the major product.
Gao Mengsha - - 2014
The effect of essential oil fumigation treatment on browning and postharvest quality of button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) was evaluated upon 16days cold storage. Button mushrooms were fumigated with essential oils, including clove, cinnamaldehyde, and thyme. Changes in the browning index (BI), weight loss, firmness, percentage of open caps, total phenolics, ...
Raigani M - - 2013
We investigated the effects of folic acid and zinc sulphate supplementation on the improvement of sperm function in subfertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT) men. Eighty-three OAT men participated in a 16-week intervention randomised, double-blind clinical trial with daily treatment of folic acid (5 mg day(-1) ) and zinc sulphate (220 mg day(-1) ), or placebo. Before ...
Peng Liyu - - 2013
To enhance the degradation of oily wastewater and its biogas production, a biological-physicochemical pretreatment was introduced prior to the anaerobic digestion system. The digestion thereafter proceeded more efficiently due to the inoculation by oil degrading bacteria (Bacillus). A 2-stage pre-mixing is more effective than directly mixing. The effects on the ...
Złotek Urszula - - 2014
The study presents changes in the phytochemical levels, antiradical activity and quality of lettuce caused by different chemical elicitors: arachidonic acid (AA), jasmonic acid (JA), and abscisic acid (ABA). The application of 1μM and 100μM JA induced an increase in the concentration of phenolic compounds, including flavonoids and phenolic acids. ...
Arshad A - - 2013
Omega-3 rich fatty acids (n-3FA) have powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-neoplastic properties. Previous studies have investigated plasma and cellular uptake of oral and parenteral n-3FA regimens. These have shown that n-3FA undergo rapid uptake into cells which is sustained for the length of the treatment course. The aim of this study ...
Webb Cathy C - - 2013
Freshly harvested Georgia-grown cantaloupes (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus cv. Athena and Atlantis) were spot inoculated with 100 μl of a five-strain mixture of Salmonella enterica serovar Poona (9 log CFU/ml) at the stem scar and on the netted rind and then subjected to no treatment (control) or a 6-min ...
Vidotti Hugo A HA Ph.D. Candidate. Department of Prosthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, - - 2013
This study evaluated the influence of low concentration acid treatment on the shear bond strength between lithium disilicate (LD) infrastructure and veneering porcelain. The surface morphology characteristic after this acid treatment was also examined. LD reinforced ceramic cylinders (n=10) (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were treated (LD-treated) with a ...
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