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Chasquibol Nancy A - - 2014
The paper deals with the characterization of the main glyceridic and unsaponifiable components of oils obtained from Sacha inchi (Plukenetia huayllabambana L.) seed ecotypes collected during two harvests in the Department of Amazonas in Peru. The seed-oil yield was 30.3 - 41.2%, standing out the high percentage of the ω3- ...
Pannkuk Evan L EL Graduate Program of Environmental Science, Arkansas State University, P.O. Box 847, Jonesboro, AR, 72467, USA, - - 2014
Sebocytes are specialized epithelial cells that rupture to secrete sebaceous lipids (sebum) across the mammalian integument. Sebum protects the integument from UV radiation, and maintains host microbial communities among other functions. Native glandular sebum is composed primarily of triacylglycerides (TAG) and wax esters (WE). Upon secretion (mature sebum), these lipids ...
Chen Jinyu - - 2014
In order to figure out the key phenolic compounds accounting for the antioxidant effects of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) seed extract, online fishing/knockout method, activity evaluation assays, fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) and HPLC-ESI-MS analysis were used jointly for the first time. P-coumaric acid-glycoside, (S)-flavogallonic acid, ellagic ...
Chen Kai K Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 - - 2014
The alkylation of unactivated β-methylene C(sp(3) )H bonds of α-amino acid substrates with a broad range of alkyl iodides using Pd(OAc)2 as the catalyst is described. The addition of NaOCN and 4-Cl-C6 H4 SO2 NH2 was found to be crucial for the success of this transformation. The reaction is compatible ...
Jia Yongguang - - 2014
Copolymers of N-alkyl acrylamides and methacrylate bearing cholic acid pendant groups were synthesized via radical polymerization. The cholic acid pendant groups of such copolymers can form complexes with β-cyclodextrin and the effect of complexation on their thermoresponsive properties was studied. The phase transition temperatures (transition from hydrophilic to hydrophobic state) ...
Newbern Dorothee D Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and - - 2014
OBJECTIVE Obesity and insulin resistance (IR) predispose to T2D. Yet only half of obese adolescents have IR and far fewer progress to T2D. We hypothesized that amino acid and fatty acid metabolites may serve as biomarkers or determinants of IR in obese teens. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fasting blood samples ...
Racovita Radu C RC Department of Chemistry, The University of British Columbia, 2036 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, - - 2014
The present work aimed at a comprehensive chemical characterization of the cuticular wax mixtures covering leaves of the monocot species Aloe arborescens. The wax mixtures were found to contain typical aliphatic compound classes in characteristic chain length distributions, including alkanes (predominantly C31), primary alcohols (predominantly C28), aldehydes (predominantly C32), fatty ...
Ertas Abdulselam A a Department of Pharmacognosy , Faculty of Pharmacy, Dicle University , 21280 Diyarbakir , - - 2014
In this study, it was aimed to investigate the chemical composition and antioxidant activities of two Euphorbia species. The major component of the fatty acid compositions obtained from the petroleum ether extracts was identified as palmitic acid for Euphorbia gaillardotii and Euphorbia macroclada. The main constituents of the essential oils ...
Praveenkumar Ramasamy R Biomass and Waste Energy Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), Daejeon 305-343, Republic of - - 2014
Industrial CO2-rich flue-gases, owing to their eco-toxicity, have yet to be practically exploited for microalgal biomass and lipid production. In this study, various autotrophic and mixotrophic culture modes for an oleaginous microalga, Chlorella sp. KR-1 were compared for the use in actual coal-fired flue-gas. Among the mixotrophic conditions tested, the ...
Fu Yong-Qian YQ Institute of Biomass Resources, Key Laboratory of Plant Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation, Taizhou University, Jiaojiang, 318000, Zhejiang, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The effects of pellet morphology, diameter, density, and interior structure on L-lactic acid fermentation by Rhizopus oryzae were characterized for different inoculum sizes and concentrations of peptone and CaCO3. Inoculum size was the most important factor determining pellet formation and diameter. The diameter decreased with increasing inoculum size, and larger ...
Kıvrak Ibrahim I a Department of Chemistry and Chemical Treatment Techniques , Mugla Vocational School of Higher Education, Mugla Sitki Koçman University , 48000 Mugla , - - 2014
Ganoderma adspersum presents a rigid fruiting body owing to chitin content and having a small quantity of water or moisture. The utility of bioactive constituent of the mushroom can only be available by extraction for human usage. In this study, carbohydrate, water-soluble vitamin compositions and amino acid contents were determined ...
Furikado Yuki Y Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 - - 2014
To establish a detailed reaction mechanism for the condensation between a boronic acid, RB(OH)2 , and a diol, H2 L, in aqueous solution, the acid dissociation constants (${K{{{\rm BL}\hfill \atop {\rm a}\hfill}}}$) of boronic acid diol esters (HBLs) were determined based on the well-established concept of conditional formation constants of ...
Razavi N Roxanna NR Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Analyses of the risks and benefits of consuming fish assess the content of beneficial fatty acids found in fish relative to harmful pollutants such as methylmercury (MeHg). Quantifying the effect of eutrophication on mercury (Hg), selenium (Se) and essential fatty acids (EFAs) in fish is necessary to determine how measures ...
Salem Norman N - - 2014
It has proven difficult to compare the bioavailability of krill oil (KO) vs. fish oil (FO) due to several of the characteristics of KO. These include the lower concentration of the active ingredients, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n3), in KO as well as differences in their ...
Bouabdallah I I a Unité de Biochimie des Lipides, Département de Biologie , Facullté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar , 2092 Tunis , - - 2014
The chemical composition (total oil content, fatty acids, triacylglycerols (TAGs) and polar compounds) of six walnuts (Juglans regia L.) cultivars (Lauzeronne, Franquette, Hartley, Local pt, Local gd and Parisienne) collected from Mateur (north of Tunisia) was evaluated. The major fatty acids found in the walnut oils are linoleic acid (60.42-65.77%), ...
Calder Philip C PC Human Development and Health Academic Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom; NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust and University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom; Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inflammation is a condition which contributes to a range of human diseases. It involves a multitude of cell types, chemical mediators, and interactions. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids found in oily fish and fish oil supplements. These fatty acids are able to partly ...
Park Hyein H Department of Food and Nutrition, Korea University, Seoul, 136-703, South - - 2014
Propolis contains many antioxidants such as polyphenols and flavonoids. However, propolis-derived lipid components interrupt an efficient isolation of antioxidants from propolis extract. We examined the effectiveness of various lipase treatments for the removal of lipids from propolis extract, and evaluated the biological features of the extract. Lipase OF and Novozyme ...
Jiang Xiaoling X Group of Quality Wheat Breeding of State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology of Shandong Agricultural University, No. 61 Daizong Road, Tai'an 271018, People's Republic of China. - - 2014
Complete diallel crosses with five parents of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were conducted to analyse inheritance of 17 amino acid contents by using the genetic model including seed, cytoplasmic, maternal and environment interaction effects on quantitative traits of seeds in cereal crops. The results showed that inheritance of 17 ...
Metillo Ephrime Bicoy EB Department of Biological Sciences, Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology, Andres Bonifacio Avenue, Iligan City 9200, - - 2014
Fatty acids are important in human health and useful in the analysis of the marine food web, however information on tropical pelagic organisms is scarce. Six zooplanktivorous small pelagic fish species (Decapterus kurroides, Decapterus macarellus, Selar crumenophthalmus, Sardinella lemuru, Spratilloides gracilis and Stolephorus insularis) and four of their zooplanktonic crustacean ...
Ariza-Ortega José Alberto JA Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Área Académica de Nutrición, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Carretera Actopan-Tilcuautla, Ex-hacienda la Concepción, San Agustín Tlaxiaca, Pachuca, Hidalgo, 42086, Mexico, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability of the fatty acids in avocado oil when the product is subjected to different conditions of electric field treatment (voltage: 5 kV cm(-1); frequency: 720 Hz; treatment time: 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 min). Fatty acids were analyzed by Fourier ...
Mohamed Fatma Faiez FF Department of Oral Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of four surface treatments and two resin cements on the repair bond strength of a ceramic primer. Eighty-eight pairs of disks (10 and 5 mm in diameter, 3 mm thickness) were prepared from heat-pressed feldspar ceramics (GC Initial ...
Reisinger Michael M Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria; Christian Doppler Laboratory for Innovative Bran Biorefinery, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study elucidates the organosolv treatment of wheat bran, the major by-product of the milling industry. The influence of temperature (160-200°C) and ethanol concentration (30-60% (w/w)) at a given process time of 30min was investigated. Enzymatic treatments of the organosolv extracts including solid residues led to an overall glucose ...
Espinosa-Gonzalez Isabel I Biorefining Conversions and Fermentations Laboratory, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, 4-10 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, T6G - - 2014
Microbial oils hold great potential as a suitable feedstock for the renewable production of biofuels. Specifically, the use of oleaginous yeasts offers several advantages related to cultivation and quality of lipid products. However, one of the major bottlenecks for large-scale production of yeast oils is found in the lipid extraction ...
Luís Ana Teresa AT Geotechnologies and Geoengineering Research Center, GeoBioTec - Geobiosciences, Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal, - - 2014
An indoor channel system was colonised with fluvial biofilms to study the chronic effects of high Fe and SO4 (2-) concentrations and acidic pH, the water chemistry in the surrounding streams of Aljustrel mining area (Alentejo, Portugal), and their contribution to community (in)tolerance to metal toxicity by short-term experiments with ...
Wang Y Y College of Food Science and Technology, National Center of Meat Quality and Safety Control, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing 210095, - - 2015
The effects of frying temperature and the number of frying cycles on the formation of heterocyclic amines (HAs) and trans fatty acids (TFAs) in grass carp were investigated. 9t-18:1 FAs was detected in all samples. The TFA contents of samples fried at 150-210°C were not significantly different (P>0.05). The content ...
Lam Sin Man SM Chinese Academy of Sciences, - - 2014
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a leading cause of evaporative dry eye and ocular discomfort characterized by an unstable tear film principally attributed to afflicted delivery of lipids to the ocular surface. Herein, we elucidated longitudinal tear lipid alterations associated with disease alleviation and symptom improvement in a cohort of ...
Martins Viviana V Centro de Investigação e de Tecnologias Agro-Ambientais e Biológicas (CITAB), Portugal; Grupo de Investigação em Biologia Vegetal Aplicada e Inovação Agroalimentar - Agrobioplant, Departamento de Biologia, Escola Ciências, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga 4710-057, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Since the development of Bordeaux mixture in the late 1800's, copper-based fungicides have been widely used against grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) diseases, mainly in organic but also in conventional viticulture; however their intensive use has raised phytotoxicity concerns. In this study, the composition of grape berries and leaves upon Bordeaux ...
Hou Qingxi Q Tianjin Key Laboratory of Pulp & Paper, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the autohydrolysis pre-treatment prior to chemi-thermomechanical pulping (CTMP) process including the effects of autohydrolysis pretreatment with a lower severity on characteristics of the autohydrolysis liquor and hydrolyzed chips. The intensity of autohydrolysis, characterized by the severity factor, increased from 1.76 to 3.54, the hydrolyzed chips yield decreased ...
Faot Fernanda - - 2014
It is well known that the use of denture cleansers can reduce Candida albicans biofilm accumulation; however, the efficacy of citric acid denture cleansers is uncertain. In addition, the long-term efficacy of this denture cleanser is not well established, and their effect on residual biofilms is unknown. This in vitro ...
Wang Xingang X Department of Burns & Wound Care Center, 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, College of Medicine, Hangzhou 310009, - - 2014
Hydrofluoric acid (HF), a dangerous inorganic acid, can cause severe corrosive effects and systemic toxicity. HF enters the human body via where it contacts, such as skin and mucosa, alimentary and respiratory tracts, and ocular surfaces. In the recent years, the incidence of HF burn has tended to increase over ...
Abdel-Halim E S ES Petrochemical Research Chair, Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P.O. Box 2455, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article describes the synthesis of an electrically conducting silver/guar gum/poly (acrylic acid) nanocomposite hydrogel. The synthesis process started with grafting acrylic acid monomers onto the natural polymer guar gum by use of ammonium persulphate as a free radical initiator in acid medium. Guar gum/poly(acrylic acid) graft copolymer was separated ...
Rino Pedro Bonifacio PB 1Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Hospital de Pediatría Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 2Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 3Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 4Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel; and 5Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ichilov Hospital, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
The purpose of reporting this series of patients is to illustrate the role of ascorbic acid in the treatment of severe acquired methemoglobinemia (metHb), especially when methylene blue is not available. Medical records of affected patients were reviewed to collect history of exposures, food ingestion, physical examination, pulse oximetry, blood ...
Bhatt Dhaval P DP Department of Basic Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, 501 North Columbia Road, Room 3742, Grand Forks, ND, 58203, - - 2014
Acetate supplementation increases plasma acetate, brain acetyl-CoA, histone acetylation, phosphocreatine levels, and is anti-inflammatory in models of neuroinflammation and neuroborreliosis. Although radiolabeled acetate is incorporated into the cellular lipid pools, the effect that acetate supplementation has on lipid deposition has not been quantified. To determine the impact acetate-treatment has on ...
Brown Hannah E HE Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
This article reviews the current literature addressing the treatment of schizophrenia with vitamin supplementation. It describes the important roles that vitamins play in normal metabolism, and reviews the evidence pertaining to vitamin deficiency and supplementation in patients with schizophrenia. There is mounting evidence suggesting that vitamin supplementation, in particular with ...
Ivosevic-Zaper Julijana J Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany - - 2014
Abstract Context: Anecdotic reports from Turkmenistan suggest an epilatory effect of sweet licorice extract after topical application. Objective: This study examines hair removal after topical application of glycyrrhizic acid, the main compound of sweet licorice. Materials and methods: An aqueous solution containing 15% of the ammonium salt of glycyrrhizic acid, ...
Zheng Xinhua X State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, - - 2014
To accelerate wine maturation, low frequency ultrasonic waves of 28kHz and 45kHz were used to treat the steeped greengage wine. The contents of total acid, total ester, fusel oils and the wine chromaticity were determined before and after the ultrasonic treatment. The volatile compounds were analysed by GC-MS method, and ...
Park Ji-Yeon JY Biomass and Waste Energy Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon 305-343, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypochlorous acid treatment of a microalga, Chlorella vulgaris, was investigated to improve the quality of microalgal lipid and to obtain high biodiesel-conversion yield. Because chlorophyll deactivates the catalyst for biodiesel conversion, its removal in the lipid-extraction step enhances biodiesel productivity. When microalgae contacted the hypochlorous acid, chlorophyll was removed, and ...
Alejandro Serguei S Laboratorio de Tecnologías Limpias (F. Ingeniería), Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Alonso de Ribera 2850, Concepción, Chile; Núcleo de Energías Renovables (F. Ingeniería), Universidad Católica de Temuco, Rudecindo Ortega 02950, Temuco, - - 2014
In this study, the effect of zeolite chemical surface characteristics on the oxidative regeneration of toluene saturated-zeolite samples is investigated. A Chilean natural zeolite (53% clinoptilolite, 40% mordenite and 7% quartz) was chemically modified by acid treatment with hydrochloric acid and by ion-exchange with ammonium sulphate. Thermal pre-treatments at 623 ...
Lou Shyi-Neng SN Department of Food Science, National Ilan University, 260 Ilan, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hot water extract of immature calamondin peel contains high total phenolic content, which shows significant correlation to DPPH scavenging potency. By heat treatment, the extraction yields of naringin, tangeretin, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid and gallic acid increased, but the amount of 3',5'-di-C-β-glucopyranosylphloretin (DGPP) decreased drastically. The major soluble phenolic compounds ...
West Allyson A - - 2014
The lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV) dietary regimen allows eggs, which are a rich source of choline. Consumption of eggs by LOV women may be especially important during pregnancy and lactation when demand for choline is high. The aim of this single blind, randomized, crossover-feeding study was to determine how near-daily egg consumption influenced biomarkers ...
Jin Peng P College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR - - 2014
The effects of postharvest oxalic acid (OA) treatment on chilling injury, energy metabolism and membrane fatty acid content in 'Baifeng' peach fruit stored at 0°C were investigated. Internal browning was significantly reduced by OA treatment in peaches. OA treatment markedly inhibited the increase of ion leakage and the accumulation of ...
Phan Thi Lan-Anh LA Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71 Chou-Shan Rd., Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a recalcitrant organic pollutant in wastewater because of its wide range of applications. Technologies for PFOA treatment have recently been developed. In this study, PFOA decomposition by sonochemical treatment was investigated to determine the effects of NaHCO3 concentrations, N2 saturation, and pH on decomposition rates and ...
Cui Qingya Q aThe Department of Hematology, PLA 100th Hospital bJiangsu Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Key Lab of Thrombosis and Hemostasis of Ministry of Health, Suzhou, - - 2014
Chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation is a rare complication of aortic dissection. Surgical correction or low molecular weight heparin is treatment of choice, but for a severe bleeding problem due to excessive fibrinolysis, para-aminomethylbenzoic acid would be a simple and effective therapeutic approach.
Luyasu S - - 2014
High anion gap metabolic acidosis due to pyroglutamic acid (5-oxoproline) is a rare complication of acetaminophen treatment (which depletes glutathione stores) and is often associated with clinically moderate to severe encephalopathy. Acquired 5-oxoprolinase deficiency (penicillins) or the presence of other risk factors of glutathione depletion such as malnutrition or sepsis ...
Giménez María José MJ Department of Food Technology, EPSO, University Miguel Hernández, Ctra. Beniel km. 3.2, 03312 Orihuela, Alicante, - - 2014
The effects of salicylic acid (SA) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) treatments during on-tree cherry growth and ripening on fruit quality attributes, especially those related with the content on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity were analysed in this research. For this purpose, two sweet cherry cultivars, 'Sweet Heart' and 'Sweet Late', ...
Martínez-Esplá Alejandra - - 2014
Trees of 'Sweet Heart' and 'Sweet Late' sweet cherry cultivars (Prunus avium L.) were treated with oxalic acid (OA) at 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mM after 98, 112 and 126 days after full blossom. Results showed that all treatments increased fruit size at harvest, manifested by higher fruit volume and ...
Burns-Whitmore Bonny - - 2014
Plant and marine n-3 fatty acids (FA) may favorably modify select markers of cardiovascular disease risk. Whether supplementing the habitual diet of lacto-ovo-vegetarians (LOV) with walnuts (containing alpha-linolenic acid, ALA) and n-3 FA enriched eggs (containing primarily docosahexaenoic acid, DHA and ALA) would have equivalent effects on CVD risk factors ...
Moukha-Chafiq Omar - - 2014
A small library of ninety four uridine antibiotic analogs was synthesized, under the Pilot Scale Library (PSL) Program of the NIH Roadmap initiative, from amine 2 and carboxylic acids 33 and 77 in solution-phase fashion. Diverse aldehyde, sulfonyl chloride, and carboxylic acid reactant sets were condensed to 2, leading after ...
Guo Binjie B Laboratory of Molecular Recognition and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, Zhejiang, P. R. China. - - 2014
A method using quinidine and optically active binol-derived phosphoric acid as a cocatalyst to catalyze the asymmetric semipinacol rearrangement of 2,3-allenols forming optically active 3-bromo-3-enals that contain an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter has been developed. After some further treatments, the products with practical enantiomeric purity could be prepared.
Liu Huan H Key Laboratory of Food Colloids and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of thermal-acid treatment on the formation of resistant starch (RS). The maximum RS content in citric acid-heat treated starches (CAHT) reached 36.55%, which was 7 times higher of that in native starch. According to HPSEC-MALLS-RI analysis, amylopectin was more susceptible ...
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