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Pandey Manish K - - 2014
BackgroundPeanut is one of the major source for human consumption worldwide and its seed contain approximately 50% oil. Improvement of oil content and quality traits (high oleic and low linoleic acid) in peanut could be accelerated by exploiting linked markers through molecular breeding. The objective of this study was to ...
Braam Kyle K Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, - - 2014
A novel photopolymerized poly(acrylic acid) separator is demonstrated in a printed, high-energy-density silver oxide battery. The printed battery demonstrates a high capacity of 5.4 mA h cm(-2) at a discharge current density of 2.75 mA cm(-2) (C/2 rate) while delivering good mechanical flexibility and robustness.
Baeza R R Grupo de Acuicultura y Biodiversidad. Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Animal. Universitat Politècnica de València. Camino de Vera s/n 46022 Valencia, - - 2014
This study looks at the correlations of fatty acids has on different tissues in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla, L.) during hormonally-induced sexual maturation, with different sperm quality parameters. In order to evaluate the different dynamics of the use of fatty acids, a categorization of the results from each sperm ...
Bai Wei W MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China. - - 2014
Dibenzo[24]crown-8 (host) and benzylamine (guest) modified tetraphenylethenes are prepared and used to construct supramolecular polymers, which demonstrate the merits of reversible assembling-disassembling and tunable aggregation-induced emission by acid-base treatments.
Zhao Chuan C a Research Center of Basic Medical Sciences, Tianjin Key Laboratory on Technologies Enabling Development Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnostics (Theranostics), School of Pharmacy, Tianjin Medical University , Tianjin 300070 , - - 2014
Three new polyunsaturated lipids, (6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-6,9,12,15-tetraen-3-one (1), (6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-1-bromooctadeca-6,9,12,15-tetraen-3-one (2), and (Z)-ethyl docos-5-enoate (3), together with two known polyunsaturated lipids, 4(Z),7(Z),10(Z)-tridecatrienoic acid (4) and (6Z,9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-1,6,9,12,15-pentaen-3-one (5), were isolated from the marine sponge Haliclona sp., which was collected from Guangxi, using HSCCC and HPLC methods. Chemical structures of the five compounds were elucidated ...
Mišić Danijela D Institute for Biological Research 'Siniša Stanković', University of Belgrade, Bulevar despota Stefana 142, 11060, Belgrade, - - 2014
Nepeta species contain a variety of secondary metabolites, including iridoid monoterpenes - nepetalactones and phenolic acids - that are considered the main bioactive constituents. This work represents the first attempt to comparatively explore variations in these two major groups of secondary metabolites within the genus. To develop an efficient analytical ...
Swigert James P JP EcoTox Assessments, 506 Tenant Circle, Saint Michaels, MD 21663, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper presents chemical composition and aquatic toxicity characteristics of a commercial sample of naphthenic acids (NAs). Naphthenic acids are derived from the refining of petroleum middle distillates and can contribute to refinery effluent toxicity. NAs are also present in oil sands process-affected water (OSPW), but differences in the NAs ...
Ruiz-Lopez Noemi N Department of Biological Chemistry, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Herts, AL5 2JQ, - - 2014
Omega-3 fatty acids are characterized by a double bond at the third carbon atom from the end of the carbon chain. Latterly, long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5Δ5,8,11,14,17) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA; 22:6 Δ4,7,10,13,16,19), which typically only enter the human diet via the consumption ...
Carpentier Yvon A YA Free University of Brussels and Nutrition Lipid Center, Brussels, - - 2015
While a number of pathways for the catabolism and tissue delivery of intravenous lipid emulsions are shared by chylomicrons, there are also important differences. The introduction of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) and n-3 fatty acid-containing fish oils into lipid emulsions has marked effects on their clearance from the bloodstream and the ...
Scherr Carlos C Instituto do Coração e do Diabetes, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
Background: Several studies have demonstrated clinical benefits of fish consumption for the cardiovascular system. These effects are attributed to the increased amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids in these foods. However, the concentrations of fatty acids may vary according to region. Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the ...
Wu Shunquan S Research and Technology Service Center, 302 Hospital of PLA, Beijing, - - 2014
We systematically reviewed the association of omega-3 fatty acids intake with the incidence of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in this meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, as evidence from previous studies suggests inconsistent results. We identified relevant studies by searching PubMed, EmBase, and Web of Science databases up to June ...
de Freitas Carla S CS Instituto de Química - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
As part of our continuing chemical and biological analyses of Rubiaceae species from Cerrado, we isolated novel alkaloids 1 and 2, along with known compounds epicatechin, ursolic acid, and oleanolic acid, from Galianthe ramosa. Alkaloid 2 inhibited malate synthase from the pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides spp. This enzyme is considered an ...
Dalum A A Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Biosciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
Consumption of fatty acids from fishes is widely regarded as beneficial for preventing cardiovascular disorders. Nevertheless, salmonids themselves are victims of vascular diseases. As the pathogenesis and nature of these changes are elusive, they are here addressed using novel morphological and transcriptional approaches. Coronary arteries of wild Atlantic salmon Salmo ...
Hinriksdottir H H HH Unit for Nutrition Research, National University Hospital & Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, - - 2014
Background:Despite the potential benefits of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC n-3 PUFAs), intake is often low because of low consumption of oily seafood. Microencapsulated fish oil powder can improve tolerance and acceptance of LC n-3 PUFAs. Bioavailability is important to achieve efficacy. We investigated the bioavailability of LC n-3 ...
Pérez María Teresa MT Lake and Glacier Research Group, Institute of Ecology, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, 6020 Innsbruck, - - 2014
Understanding how resource partitioning works among taxa is crucial to explain coexistence and competition within a community. Here, we assessed resource partitioning among freshwater bacterial groups from two oligotrophic lakes using four types of organic substrates as compound models. Substrate uptake patterns were examined by microautoradiography (MAR) combined with catalyzed ...
Lin Tse-Shih TS Department of Bioindustry Technology, Da-Yeh University, No. 168, University Rd., Dacun, Changhua 51591, - - 2014
In order to produce microalgal lipids that can be transformed to biodiesel fuel, one isolate with high lipid content was identified as Chlorella sp. Y8-1. The growth and lipid productivity of an isolated microalga Chlorella sp. Y8-1 were investigated under different cultivation conditions, including autotrophic growth (CO2, with light), heterotrophic ...
Birjandi Afsoon Pajand - - 2014
: Development of a straightforward strategy for simultaneous quantitative analysis of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) species in biofluids is a challenging task because of the extreme complexity of fatty acid distribution in biological matrices. In this study, we present a direct immersion solid phase microextraction method coupled to liquid chromatography-mass ...
Chen Zhenbang - - 2014
Sesame germplasm harbors genetic diversity which can be useful for sesame improvement in breeding programs. Seven accessions with different levels of oleic acid were selected from the entire USDA sesame germplasm collection (1232 accessions) and planted for morphological observation and re-examination of fatty acid composition. The coding region of the ...
Parrish Christopher C CC Department of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, A1C 5S7, Canada, - - 2014
Fatty acids are a valuable tool in ecological studies because of the large number of unique structures synthesized. They provide versatile signatures that are being increasingly employed to delineate the transfer of dietary material through marine and terrestrial food webs. The standard procedure for determining fatty acids generally involves lipid ...
Reeder William H H WH 4th Dept. Biological Sciences, California State Univ. Chico, Chico, CA, 95929-0515, - - 2014
We studied the protist grazers of Boiling Springs Lake (BSL), an acid geothermal feature in Lassen Volcanic National Park, using a combination of culture and genetic approaches. The major predator in BSL is a vahlkampfiid amoeba closely related (95% 18S+ITS rRNA identity) to Tetramitus thermacidophilus, a heterolobose amoeboflagellate recently isolated ...
Melody S M SM School of Women's and Infants' Health, King Edward Memorial Hospital, - - 2014
Dietary supplementation with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) may exert benefits in pregnancy through inhibition of placental inflammation. However, studies on the anti-inflammatory effects of n-3 PUFAs in the placenta are lacking. We compared the cytokine responses of human placental explants in vitro after 4 days pre-incubation with ...
Peña-Icart Mirella M Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Cadiz, República Saharaui, CP: 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain; Institute of Sciences and Technology of Materials, University of Havana, Zapata s/n, CP: 10400, La Habana, - - 2014
A simple methodology for the determination of bioavailability of fourteen metals in coastal sediments has been developed by simulating the conditions of digestive process of marine fishes. With this aim, a representative sediment composite sample was treated with hydrochloric acid solutions at different pH values, temperatures and contact times, in ...
DiNicolantonio James J JJ a Mid America Heart Institute at Saint Luke's Hospital , Kansas City , Missouri , - - 2014
Compelling evidence that daily low-dose aspirin decreases risk for a number of adenocarcinomas likely reflects the fact that a modest but consistent inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity can have a meaningful protective impact on risk for such cancers. The cancer-promoting effects of COX-2 are thought to be mediated primarily by ...
Kamal Md Zahid MZ Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500007, India. Electronic address: - - 2015
Consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids is known to decrease the risk of major cardiovascular events. Lipases, a class of triacylglycerol hydrolases, have been extensively tested to concentrate omega-3 fatty acids from fish oils, under mild enzymatic conditions. However, no lipases with preference for omega-3 fatty acids selectivity have yet ...
Chirinos Rosana R Instituto de Biotecnología (IBT), Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina - UNALM, Av. La Molina s/n, Lima, - - 2015
A physico-chemical and phytochemical characterisation of the oil of two rich sources of polyunsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols and phytosterols is presented for two close species of Plukenetia, endemic to the Amazon Region of Peru. Plukenetia huayllabambana presented approximately 9% more oil yield than Plukenetia volubilis. Fatty acid profiles were pretty ...
Souza Maria das Graças Coelho de MD Laboratório de Pesquisas Clínicas e Experimentais em Biologia Vascular, Centro Biomédico, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão Reitor Haroldo Lisboa da Cunha térreo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 20550-013, Brazil, - - 2014
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury can occur in consequence of myocardial infarction, stroke and multiple organ failure, the most prevalent cause of death in critically ill patients. I/R injury encompass impairment of endothelial dependent relaxation, increase in macromolecular permeability and leukocyte-endothelium interactions. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA), such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, ...
Dong Xiaojing X Key Laboratory of Aquaculture Nutrition and Feed (Ministry of Agriculture), Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, China; Key Laboratory of Mariculture (Ministry of Education), Ocean University of China, 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, - - 2014
In the present study, putative cDNA of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPAR-α), key regulators of lipid homoeostasis, were cloned and characterized from liver of Japanese seabass (Lateolabrax japonicus), and their expression in response to diets enriched with fish oil (FO) or fatty acids ...
Cao Jinping J Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology/The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, PR - - 2015
The physicochemical characteristics of four cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus cerasus, Prunus pseudocerasus and Prunus tomentosa) were evaluated. Inter-species variability was greater than intra-species differences. Glucose and fructose were the main sugars, and malic acid was the main organic acid in all species. Combining HPLC-DAD and LC-ESI-MS/MS technologies, total 25 ...
Venditti Alessandro A a Dipartimento di Chimica , Sapienza Università di Roma , P.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Roma , - - 2014
In this work, we examined a sample of Parentucellia viscosa from Sardinia island, showing similarities and differences of the secondary metabolite content with respect to previous study conducted on an accession of continental origin, and also with Bellardia trixago, a species very close to Parentucellia. In this aspect, the proximity ...
Antonio-Cisneros Cynthia M CM Centro de Química, Instituto de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Ciudad Universitaria, Edif. 103H, Puebla, Pue. 72570, Mexico; Instituto de Agroingeniería, Universidad del Papaloapan, Campus Loma Bonita, Oaxaca, - - 2015
Carbon-TiO2 composites were obtained from carbonised Manihot dulcis waste and TiO2 using glycerol as an additive and thermally treating the composites at 800°C. Furthermore, carbon was obtained from manihot to study the adsorption, desorption and photocatalysis of carminic acid on these materials. Carminic acid, a natural dye extracted from cochineal ...
Li Leilei L Ghent University - - 2014
In the frame of a bumble bee gut microbiota study, acetic acid bacteria (AAB) were isolated using a combination of direct isolation methods and enrichment procedures. MALDI-TOF MS profiling of the isolates and a comparison of these profiles with profiles of established AAB species identified most isolates as Asaia astilbes ...
Pavićević Ivan D ID Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12-16, Belgrade 11158, - - 2014
Fatty acids (FAs) binding to human serum albumin (HSA) could lead to the changes of Cys-34 thiol group accessibility and reactivity, i.e. its scavenger capacity and antioxidant property. The influence of saturated, mono and poly unsaturated, and fish oil FAs binding to HSA on the carbonylation level and the reactivity ...
Scoditti Egeria E National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology, Lecce, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The lower occurrence of cardiovascular disease and cancer in populations around the Mediterranean basin as detected in the 1950s was correctly attributed to the peculiar dietary habits of those populations. Essentially, until the mid-20th century, typical Mediterranean diets were rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole-wheat bread, nuts, fish, and, as ...
Xiong Linfeng L Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai, 200241, P. R. China. - - 2014
We demonstrate a novel method that enables the formation of core-confined bottlebrush copolymers (CCBCs) as catalyst supports. Significantly, owing to the site-isolated effect, these CCBC catalysts with the incompatible acidic para-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) and basic 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) groups can conduct a simple two-step sequential reaction in one vessel.
Xia Ling L School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify the most promising species as biodiesel feedstock for large-scale cultivation in north China. Eight species of microalgae, selected on the basis of indoor screening, were tested for lipid productivity and the suitability of their fatty acid profiles for biodiesel production under outdoor ...
Kutluyer Filiz F Tunceli University, Fisheries Faculty, 62000 Tunceli, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
In present study, it was examined whether addition of different antioxidants to the cryopreservation extenders had an effect on semen post-thaw fertility and motility in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and also it was investigated the sperm characteristics post-thaw sperm characteristics and fertility. The collected semen was pooled to minimize individual ...
Bongiorno Tiziana T Department of Food Science, University of Udine, via Sondrio, 2, 33100 Udine, - - 2015
Nutritional quality parameters, microbiological and technological quality indicators (condition index, meat yield and water-holding capacity) of blue mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, reared in the North Adriatic Sea were characterised at monthly intervals over a 1year period. Contents of protein (7.5-11.6g/100g), lipid (1.0-2.2g/100g) and ash (2.2-3.3g/100g) varied significantly accordingly to condition index ...
Gregory Melissa K MK Rheumatology Unit, Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Tce, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia 5000. Electronic address: - - 2014
The synthesis of the omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) eicosapenaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) from dietary α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3) requires three desaturation and three elongation steps in vertebrates. The elongation of EPA to docosapentaenoic acid (DPA; 22:5n-3) can be catalysed by the elongase enzymes ...
Ezzat M A MA Faculty Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, - - 2015
Ikan pekasam is a fermented fish product produced in Malaysia and is usually made from freshwater fish with ground roasted uncooked rice as the main source of carbohydrate. In this study, the amino acid, biogenic amine, and trans- and cis-urocanic acid (UCA) contents of fifteen commercial samples of Ikan pekasam ...
Scherr Carlos - - 2014
Background and aims: Recent findings have highlighted enhanced fish consumption as a potential measure to increase intake of healthy fatty acids, particularly omega-3. The generalizability of this recommendation, however, may fall short by differences in fish species and cooking techniques. Hence, we investigated how these 2 variables affect the lipid ...
Ulpre H H University College London, Torrington Place, London WC1E 7JE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increasingly stringent environmental legislation on sulphur oxide emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels onboard ships (International Maritime Organization (IMO) Regulation 14) can be met by either refining the fuel to reduce sulphur content or by scrubbing the exhaust gases. Commonly used open loop marine scrubbers discharge warm acidic exhaust ...
Zribi Akram - - 2014
Refined olive, corn, soybean and sunflower oils were used as cooking oils for deep-frying at two different temperatures: 160 and 190 °C, and pan-frying of potatoes at 180 °C, for ten successive sessions, under the usual domestic practice. Several chemical parameters were assayed during frying operations in order to evaluate ...
Azilawati M I MI Laboratory of Halal Science Research, Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, - - 2015
The amino acid compositions of bovine, porcine and fish gelatin were determined by amino acid analysis using 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate as derivatization reagent. Sixteen amino acids were identified with similar spectral chromatograms. Data pre-treatment via centering and transformation of data by normalization were performed to provide data that are more suitable ...
Chen Kai K Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China. - - 2014
A palladium-catalyzed monoarylation of β-methyl C(sp(3))-H of an alanine derivative with aryl iodides using an 8-aminoquinoline auxiliary is described. The reaction is highly efficient, scalable and compatible with a variety of functional groups with complete retention of chirality, providing a general and practical access to various β-aryl-α-amino acids. The synthetic ...
Olsen Karina Standahl KS Department of Community Medicine, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway - - 2014
Aims: Vitamin D and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are derived from partially overlapping sources. Vitamin D is produced in the skin after sun exposure, but is also derived from fatty fish and fish oils. Dietary PUFAs are mainly derived from plant oils that are rich in n-6 PUFAs, but fatty ...
Chasquibol Nancy A - - 2014
The paper deals with the characterization of the main glyceridic and unsaponifiable components of oils obtained from Sacha inchi (Plukenetia huayllabambana L.) seed ecotypes collected during two harvests in the Department of Amazonas in Peru. The seed-oil yield was 30.3 - 41.2%, standing out the high percentage of the ω3- ...
Pannkuk Evan L EL Graduate Program of Environmental Science, Arkansas State University, P.O. Box 847, Jonesboro, AR, 72467, USA, - - 2014
Sebocytes are specialized epithelial cells that rupture to secrete sebaceous lipids (sebum) across the mammalian integument. Sebum protects the integument from UV radiation, and maintains host microbial communities among other functions. Native glandular sebum is composed primarily of triacylglycerides (TAG) and wax esters (WE). Upon secretion (mature sebum), these lipids ...
Santos A A Food and Nutrition Postgraduation Program (UNIRIO), - - 2015
Free proline was significantly (p<0.05) lower compared to that of other honeys from the atlantic forest, caatinga and cerrado biomes. Honeys from the atlantic forest and cerrado had a significantly (p<0.05) lower HMF than angico. Fructose and glucose in angico honeys were significantly (p<0.05) higher than those from caatinga. Mean ...
Chen Jinyu - - 2014
In order to figure out the key phenolic compounds accounting for the antioxidant effects of longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) seed extract, online fishing/knockout method, activity evaluation assays, fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) and HPLC-ESI-MS analysis were used jointly for the first time. P-coumaric acid-glycoside, (S)-flavogallonic acid, ellagic ...
Chen Kai K Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 - - 2014
The alkylation of unactivated β-methylene C(sp(3) )H bonds of α-amino acid substrates with a broad range of alkyl iodides using Pd(OAc)2 as the catalyst is described. The addition of NaOCN and 4-Cl-C6 H4 SO2 NH2 was found to be crucial for the success of this transformation. The reaction is compatible ...
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