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Oražem Primož - - 2011
Two peach cultivars, 'Redhaven' and 'Royal Glory', grafted on 7 different rootstocks (Adesoto, Barrier 1, GF 677, Ishtara, Monegro, Penta and peach seedling) were analyzed for tree vigor and yield. Fruit of similar ripeness (fruit firmness) was analyzed in terms of pomological (fruit weight, soluble solids content) and biochemical parameters ...
Singh Onkar - - 2011
Phytochemical investigation of the defatted seeds of Entada phaseoloides Merill. (Mimosaceae) led to the isolation of three new phenolic acid glucosides, which were characterized as 2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzoyl-β-l-glucopyranoside (p-cresotyl glucoside, 1), 2-hydroxy-5-methylbenzoyl-β-l-glucopyranosyl (2 → 1)-β-l-glucopyranosyl (2 → 1)-β-l-glucopyranoside (p-cresotyl triglucoside, 2), and 2-hydroxybenzoyl-β-l-glucopyranosyl (2 → 1)-β-l-glucopyranosyl (2 → 1)-β-l-glucopyranosyl (2 → 1)-β-l-glucopyranoside (salicylic acid tetraglucoside, 5), along with sucrose and triglucoside. The ...
Murillo Pulgarín José A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: 1-Naphthylacetic and 2-naphthoxyacetic acids belong to the synthetic branch of auxins. Auxins have attracted considerable interest as a subject of study by virtue of their biological and physiological significance. Their broad use as plant growth regulators has raised the need for simple, rapid, sensitive and selective analytical methods for ...
Baâtour Olfa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The effects of salt on the essential oil yield and fatty acid composition of aerial parts of two marjoram varieties were investigated. Plants with 6 leaves were treated with NaCl (75mM). RESULTS: Salt treatment led to a reduction in aerial part growth. Salinity increased the fatty acid content more ...
Zhou Yong - - 2011
Three new compounds, including a sesquiterpenoid glucoside gallate, 2 Z,4 E,1' R,2' S,4' R,6' S-dihydrophaseic acid 4'- O-(6''- O-galloyl)- β- D-glucopyranoside ( 1), two new phenolic glucoside gallates, 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzoic acid 4- O-(6'- O-galloyl)- β- D-glucopyranoside ( 2) and 3,4-dimethoxyphenol 1- O-(6'- O-galloyl)- β- D-glucopyranoside ( 3), together with eight known ...
Sarı Aynur - - 2011
A new 3-benzylphthalide, scorzoveratrin 4'-O-β-glucoside (1), together with the known 3-benzylphthalides, scorzoveratrin (2) and scorzoveratrozit (3), the caffeoyl derivatives, chlorogenic acid methyl ester (4), 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (5), 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (6), 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (7) and caffeic acid (8) were isolated from the subaerial parts of Scorzonera latifolia (Fisch. & ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2011
The essential oil of Premna latifolia Roxb. was obtained by hydrodistillation of fresh leaves of the plant having an oil yield of 0.05%, both non-polar and essential oil were analysed by GC and GC-MS. Hexane fraction of the leaves of P. latifolia was transesterified and analysed by GC and GC-MS, ...
Zhang Chen - - 2011
A new sodium salt of anthraquinone named sodium emodin-1-O-β-gentiobioside, together with nine known compounds, viz. rubrofusarin-6-O-β-D-gentiobioside, chrysophanol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-3)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1-6)-β-D-glucopyranoside, obtusifolin-2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, aurantio-obtusin-6-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, physcion-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 1-hydroxyl-2-acetyl-3,8-dimethoxy-6-O-β-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-2)-β-D-glucosylnaphthalene, toralactone-9-O-β-D-gentiobioside, aurantio-obtusin, rubrofusarin-6-O-β-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-6)-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, was isolated from the seeds of Cassia obtusifolia and its structure was elucidated by (1) H and (13) C NMR technique assisted with acid-alkali titration. The ...
Vivancos Pedro Diaz - - 2011
The herbicide glyphosate inhibits the shikimate pathway of the synthesis of amino acids such as phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan. However, much uncertainty remains concerning precisely how glyphosate kills plants or affects cellular redox homeostasis and related processes in glyphosate-sensitive and glyphosate-resistant crop plants. To address this issue, we performed an ...
Qian Haifeng - - 2011
Imazethapyr (IM) is a chiral herbicide and a widely used racemic mixture. This report investigated the enantioselectivity between R- and S-IM in rice and explored its causative mechanism at the physiological and molecular levels. The results suggested that R-IM inhibited acetolactate synthase (ALS) activity to a greater extent than S-IM, ...
Kaur Harveen - - 2011
Dehydrotryptophan and its derivatives are non-proteinogenic amino acids commonly found in peptide-based natural products produced by microorganisms, marine organisms and plants. These non-proteinogenic amino acids are found in secondary metabolites and are formed by post translational modification processes. Although comprehensive reviews on the synthesis of dehydroamino acids are available, this ...
Cesonienė Laima - - 2011
Benzoic acid, total anthocyanins, soluble solids, titratable acidity, and colour properties in juice of the American cranberry Vaccinium macrocarpon and the European cranberry Vaccinium oxycoccos were investigated. Berry juices of V. macrocarpon cultivars were distinguished by their higher total anthocyanin and benzoic acid amounts. These cultivars accumulated on average 43.11 mg/l ...
Kashiwada Yoshiki - - 2011
Two new caffeoyl quinic acid α-glucosides, together with three known caffeoyl quinic acids and five known flavonoid glucosides, were isolated from the leaves of Moringa oleifera Lam. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated as 4-O-(4'-O-α-D: -glucopyranosyl)-caffeoyl quinic acid (1) and 4-O-(3'-O-α-D: -glucopyranosyl)-caffeoyl quinic acid (2) by spectroscopic analyses.
Fu Shao-Bin - - 2011
The structural modification of ursolic acid by an endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis microspora, isolated from medicinal plant Huperzia serrata was reported for the first time. The structure diversity was very important for the SAR study of ursolic acid and its derivatives. Incubation of ursolic acid 1 with P. microspora afforded four ...
Hu Hao-Bin - - 2011
A new diterpene glycoside, tomentoside I (1), along with eleven known compounds, including the four coumarins, 4,5-dimethoxyl-7-methylcoumarin (2), 4,7-dimethoxyl-5-methylcoumarin (3), isofraxidin (4) and fraxidin (5) as well as the seven triterpenoids, oleanolic acid (6), oleanolic acid 3-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside (7), oleanolic acid 3-O-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→3)-β-D-glucopyranoside (8), hederagenin 3-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside (9), betulinic acid (10), 18-hydroxyursolic acid ...
Cantrell Charles L - - 2011
An investigation of the Indian folk remedy plant Jatropha curcas L., was performed to identify the constituents responsible for the mosquito biting deterrent activity of the oil. J. curcas seed oil is burned in oil lamps in India and parts of Africa to repel biting insects, primarily mosquitoes. The seed ...
Rojas Julio - - 2011
Kaurenic acid (1a) is a tetracyclic diterpene that has an exocyclic double bond at delta16. Isokaurenic acid (2a) has an endocyclic delta15double bond. This compound has been isolated from Espeletia tenore (Espeletinae), a resinous plant from the Venezuelan Andes, but its occurrence is rare. In order to obtain a larger ...
Stuttmann Johannes - - 2011
Reliance of biotrophic pathogens on living plant tissues to propagate implies strong interdependence between host metabolism and nutrient uptake by the pathogen. However, factors determining host suitability and establishment of infection are largely unknown. We describe a loss-of-inhibition allele of ASPARTATE KINASE2 and a loss-of-function allele of DIHYDRODIPICOLINATE SYNTHASE2 identified ...
Siddiqi Ejaz Hussain - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) has gained considerable ground as a potential oil-seed crop. However, its yield and oil production are adversely affected under saline conditions. The present study was conducted to appraise the influence of salt (NaCl) stress on yield, accumulation of different inorganic elements, free proline and activities ...
Chaturvedula Venkata Sai Prakash - - 2011
From the commercial extract of the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana, two new minor diterpene glycosides having α-glucosyl linkage were isolated besides the known steviol glycosides including stevioside, steviolbioside, rebaudiosides A-F, rubusoside and dulcoside A. The structures of the two compounds were identified as 13-[(2-O-(3-α-O-d-glucopyranosyl)-β-d-glucopyranosyl-3-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-β-d-glucopyranosyl)oxy] ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid β-d-glucopyranosyl ester (1), and ...
Pham Anh-Tung - - 2011
The alteration of fatty acid profiles in soybean to improve soybean oil quality has been a long-time goal of soybean researchers. Soybean oil with elevated oleic acid is desirable because this monounsaturated fatty acid improves the nutrition and oxidative stability of soybean oil compared to other oils. In the lipid ...
He Xianghui - - 2011
CUSCUTA CHINENSIS and CUSCUTA AUSTRALIS, the two botanical sources of the Chinese herbal medicine Tu-Si-Zi, were distinguished from each other based on qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. By HPLC-DAD-MS, a total of 36 compounds were characterized from these two CUSCUTA species, including 14 flavonoids, 17 quinic acid derivatives, and 5 ...
Shi Leilei L National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032, - - 2011
The histone variant H3.3 and the canonical histone H3.1, which differ in only 4- to 5-aa positions, are coexpressed in complex multicellular eukaryotes from fly to human and plant. H3.3 is mainly associated with active chromatin by replacing H3.1 through chaperones such as histone regulator A, death domain associated protein ...
Lee Yew - - 2011
The effects of ascorbic acid (AA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHA), one of products of the disproportionation of monodehydroascorbate (MDHA) by AA oxidase (AAO, EC 1.10.3.3), on the gravitropic curvature of Arabidopsis roots were characterized by biochemical and genetic approaches. Exogenously applied AA and DHA both stimulated root gravitropic responses in ...
Beato Victor Manuel - - 2011
The contents of total phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and phenolic acids were determined in selected garlic cultivars grown at four locations. The total phenolic content varied from 3.4 mg gallic acid equivalents (GAE)/g of dry matter (dm) to 10.8 mg GAE/g of dm with a mean value of 6.5 mg GAE/g of dm. The ...
Brown Adrian P - - 2011
Ricinoleic acid is a feedstock for nylon-11 (N11) synthesis which is currently obtained from castor (Ricinus communis) oil. Production of this fatty acid in a temperate oilseed crop is of great commercial interest, but the highest reported level in transgenic plant oils is 30%, below the 90% observed in castor ...
Wongchai C - - 2011
Global warming increases plant salt stress via evaporation after irrigation, but how plant cells sense salt stress remains unknown. Here, we searched for correlation-based targets of salt stress sensing in Chenopodium rubrum cell suspension cultures. We proposed a linkage between the sensing of salt stress and the sensing of distinct ...
Bader Ammar - - 2011
Nine new phenolic compounds, 3S-hydrangenol 4'-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoysl-(1→3)-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), thunberginol F 7-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), 2-hydroxy-6-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxo-ethyl]benzoic acid (3), 2-hydroxy-6-[2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-oxo-ethyl]benzoic acid (4), 2-hydroxy-6-[2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-5-methoxy)-2-oxo-ethyl]benzoic acid (5), hydrangeic acid 4'-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (6), E-3-(3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)-5-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)dihydrofuran-2-one (7), Z-3-(3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)-5-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-2(3H)-furanone (8), and 4-[β-d-glucopyranosyl)hydroxy]pinoresinol (9), and nine known compounds were isolated from the roots of Scorzonera judaica. Structures of 1-9 were elucidated by mass ...
Kashima Yusei - - 2011
The volatile composition of the volatile oil from roots of Bergenia ligulalta was analyzed by GC-MS. A total of 97 compounds were identified. (+)-(6S)-parasorbic acid (1) (47.45%), isovalaric acid (6.25%), 1,8-cineole (4.24%), (Z)-asarone (3.50%), and terpinen-4-ol (2.96%) were the most prominent constituents. The former one compound was isolated and characterized ...
Cortez-Espinosa Nancy - - 2011
Acmella radicans (Asteraceae) produces at least seven alkamides, most with either an isobutyl- or phenylethyl group as the amine moiety. These moieties suggest that the amino acids valine and phenylalanine are the biosynthetic precursors of these alkamides. On the basis of labeled feeding experiments using either L-[2H8]valine or L-[2H8]phenylalanine we ...
Kim Hyun Uk - - 2011
Ricinoleic acid (12-hydroxy-octadeca-9-enoic acid) is a major unusual fatty acid in castor oil. This hydroxy fatty acid is useful in industrial materials. This unusual fatty acid accumulates in triacylglycerol (TAG) in the seeds of the castor bean (Ricinus communis L.), even though it is synthesized in phospholipids, which indicates that ...
Gilardoni Gianluca - - 2011
Phytochemical investigation of secondary metabolites of the Ecuadorian plant Schistocarpha eupatorioides (Fenzl) Kuntze (Asteraceae) afforded three phytyl fatty acid esters along with a mixture of unidentified polyprenols, the very well known sterols beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol, and their corresponding fatty acid esters and glucosyl derivatives. The structures of the compounds were ...
Shi Jing - - 2011
Aliphatic alcohols naturally exist in many organisms as important cellular components; however, their roles in extracellular polymer biosynthesis are poorly defined. We report here the isolation and characterization of a rice (Oryza sativa) male-sterile mutant, defective pollen wall (dpw), which displays defective anther development and degenerated pollen grains with an ...
Chen Hui - - 2011
Malonyl-CoA is the precursor for fatty acid synthesis and elongation. It is also one of the building blocks for the biosynthesis of some phytoalexins, flavonoids, and many malonylated compounds. In plants as well as in animals, malonyl-CoA is almost exclusively derived from acetyl-CoA by acetyl-CoA carboxylase (EC 6.4.1.2). However, previous ...
Rellán-Álvarez Rubén - - 2011
A liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry method has been developed for the direct and simultaneous determination of ten low molecular mass organic acids in different plant tissue extracts. The method does not include a derivatization step. Quantification was accomplished using <sup>13</sup>C labeled malic and succinic acids as internal standards. ...
Bhardwaj Pardeep Kumar - - 2011
Lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyses oxygenation of free polyunsaturated fatty acids into oxylipins, and is a critical enzyme of the jasmonate signaling pathway. LOX has been shown to be associated with biotic and abiotic stress responses in diverse plant species, though limited data is available with respect to low temperature and the ...
Shingaki-Wells Rachel N - - 2011
Rice (Oryza sativa) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) are the most important starch crops in world agriculture. While both germinate with an anatomically similar coleoptile, this tissue defines the early anoxia tolerance of rice and the anoxia intolerance of wheat seedlings. We combined protein and metabolite profiling analysis to compare the ...
Kuley Esmeray E Department of Fish Processing Technology, Faculty of Fisheries, Cukurova University, 01330 Balcali, Adana, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2011
The influences of lactic acid bacteria and brine solutions on the biogenic amine formation by Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterococus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Listeria monocytogenes, Aeromonas hydrophila and Salmonella paratyphi A in fermented trout fillets were investigated. Fish fillets were divided into four groups, group 1 without any ...
Stejskal V V University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses and Institute of Aquaculture, Husova tr. 458/102, 370 05 Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2011
Sensory attributes, texture and fatty acid profiles of fillets of Eurasian perch (Percafluviatilis L.) reared under two conditions were compared. Perch were reared either in an extensive pond-based (EC) system in polyculture with carp, or intensively cultured (IC) in a recirculation system. Attributes of raw and cooked fillets of marketable ...
Antognoni Fabiana - - 2011
3,5-O-dicaffeoyl-4-O-malonilquinic acid (1) (irbic acid) has been isolated for the first time from cell cultures of Centella asiatica and till now it has never been reported to be present in the intact plant. Evidence of its structure was obtained by spectroscopic analyses (MS/NMR). Besides 1, cell cultures produce also the ...
Qin Jian-Chun - - 2011
A cDNA encoding an O-methyltransferase (namely FGCOMT1) was identified from the medicinal plant Trigonella foenum-graecum L. The FGCOMT1 enzyme is a functional caffeic acid O-methyltransferase (COMT) and is localized in the cytosol. Kinetic analysis indicated that FGCOMT1 protein exhibited the highest catalyzing efficiency towards 5-hydroxy ferulic acid and caffeic acid ...
Liengprayoon Siriluck - - 2011
Glycolipids of fresh latex from three clones of Hevea brasiliensis were characterized and quantified by HPLC/ESI-MS. Their fatty acyl and sterol components were further confirmed by GC/MS after saponification. The four detected glycolipid classes were steryl glucosides (SG), esterified steryl glucosides (ESG), monogalactosyl diacylglycerols (MGDG) and digalactosyl diacylglycerols (DGDG). Sterols ...
Rezanka Tomáš - - 2011
Reversed phase liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC/MS-APCI) was used to identify and quantify triacylglycerols (TAGs) having odd-numbered ω-phenylalkanoic acids from seeds of the flower plant Dracunculus vulgaris, and TAGs from the bacterium Rhodococcus erythropolis prepared by precursor directed biosynthesis from phenylalanine and having the corresponding even-numbered ω-phenylalkanoic ...
Demchenko K - - 2011
Plant lipoxygenases (LOXs; EC 1.13.11.12) catalyse the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, linoleic (18:2) and α-linolenic acid (18:3(n-3)) and are involved in processes such as stress responses and development. Depending on the regio-specificity of a LOX, the incorporation of molecular oxygen leads to formation of 9- or 13-fatty acid hydroperoxides, ...
Može Spela - - 2011
Phenolics from bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) sampled from seven different locations and highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) from one location in Slovenia were analyzed. In samples of both species 15 anthocyanins were identified by LC-MS/MS. Their contents were expressed as cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents (C3GE); bilberries contained 1210.3 ± 111.5 mg ...
Tan Helin - - 2011
The seed oil content in oilseed crops is a major selection trait to breeders. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), LEAFY COTYLEDON1 (LEC1) and LEC1-LIKE (L1L) are key regulators of fatty acid biosynthesis. Overexpression of AtLEC1 and its orthologs in canola (Brassica napus), BnLEC1 and BnL1L, causes an increased fatty acid level ...
Akhtar Muhammad Nadeem - - 2011
Bioassay-guided extraction of the stem bark of Knema laurina showed the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity of DCM and hexane fractions. Further repeated column chromatography of hexane and DCM fractions resulted in the isolation and purification of five alkenyl phenol and salicylic acid derivatives. New compounds, (+)-2-hydroxy-6-(10'-hydroxypentadec-8'(E)-enyl)benzoic acid (1) and 3-pentadec-10'(Z)-enylphenol ...
Abbas Shermeen A - - 2011
The purpose of this work was to investigate the difference in the hydrophobicities of various polyols and the nature of interactions between hydrophobic amino acid side chains and polyols. The interactions were explored by conducting solubility studies of three amino acid derivatives, N-acetyl tryptophanamide (NATA), N-acetyl leucinamide (NALA), and N-acetyl ...
Kumar P - - 2011
Fascioliasis is an important helminth disease caused by Fasciola (F.) hepatica and F gigantica of Asia and Africa. This disease belongs to the plant-borne trematode zoonoses. Human infection has been reported in 51 different countries from 5 continents. One of the possible approaches to control this problem is to interrupt ...
Gu Xiao-jie - - 2011
A new phenolic glycoside was isolated from the spikes of Prunella vulgaris. Its structure was elucidated as gentisic acid 5-O-beta-D-(6'-salicylyl)-glucopyranoside by spectroscopic evidence and chemical analysis.
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