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Results 201 - 250 of 1114
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Nanjannawar Lalita G LG Lecturer, Department of Orthodontics, Bharathi Vidyapeeth Dental College and Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the etching effects of a self-etching primer with 37% phosphoric acid on enamel by using a scanning electron microscope. Bond strength and the site of bond failure were also determined for brackets bonded using SEP and 37% phosphoric acid. A total of ...
Wu Yue Y Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Binzhou University, Binzhou, Shandong 256603, People's Republic of - - 2012
Recently, low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid has been reported to have novel features, such as free radical scavenging activities, antioxidant activities, promotion of excisional wound healing, etc. In the present work, degradation of native hyaluronic acid by ozone treatment was performed for preparation of low-molecular-weight hyaluronic acid. The molecular weight of native ...
Kesba Hosny H - - 2012
To investigate the effect of humic acid on nematode infected, resistant and susceptible grapes in relation to lipid peroxidation and antioxidant mechanisms on selected biochemical parameters known as proactive substances. The grape rootstocks, superior, superior/freedom and freedom were reacted differently to Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis according to rootstock progenitor. ...
Türkyılmaz Meltem - - 2012
Black carrots (BCs) are a rich source of stable anthocyanins (ACNs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of clarification and pasteurisation on ACNs of black carrot juice (BCJ). Monomeric ACNs, ACN profile and percent polymeric colour were determined during processing of BCJ. While depectinisation and bentonite ...
Paul Prodyut Kumar PK Pomology and Postharvest Technology, Faculty of Horticulture, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal 736 615 - - 2014
The quality and stability of osmotically pre-treated and subsequently vacuum dried pineapple cubes using three different solutes and packed in three different types of packaging materials on storage was evaluated. The experiment was laid out in completely randomized block design with two factors and three replications for each treatment. Treatment ...
Singh Pankaj - - 2012
An experiment was done to assess the effect of various physico-chemical treatments on ripening behavior and post harvest quality of mango cv. Amrapali. The experiment was planned under completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The treatment units was five fruits per replication. Total 14 treatments were applied. Out of ...
Licciardi Paul V - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) have emerged as a new class of anticancer therapeutics. The hydroxamic acid, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (Vorinostat, Zolinza™), and the cyclic peptide, depsipeptide (Romidepsin, Istodax™), were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in 2006 and 2009, respectively. ...
Yang Wen-Yu - - 2012
The patatin-related phospholipase A (pPLA) hydrolyzes membrane glycerolipids to produce monoacyl compounds and free fatty acids. Phospholipids are cleaved by pPLAIIα at the sn-1 and sn-2 positions, and galactolipids, including those containing oxophytodienoic acids, can also serve as substrates. Ablation of pPLAIIα decreased lysophosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylethanolamine levels, but increased free ...
Edwankar Rahul V RV Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, - - 2012
The development of an efficient diastereoselective method that permits rapid construction of the tetracyclic core 17 of the Strychnos-Aspidosperma alkaloids is described. Enaminone 16, synthesized in high yield, has been cyclized under the influence of a Brønsted acid to provide the core tetracyclic framework 17 of the Strychnos alkaloids in ...
Guo Li-Na - - 2012
Phytochemical investigation of the ethyl acetate extracts from root barks of Dictamnus dasycarpus led to the isolation of three new compounds, named as dasycarpusenester A (1), dasycarpusester B (2), dasycarpusacid (3). Their structures were elucidated as (2S)-4-(2,2-dimethyl-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-2-hydroxypent-3-enoic acid methyl ester (1), (2R)-4-(2,2-dimethyl-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-2-hydroxypent-3-anoic acid methyl ester (2), and (2S)-4-(2,2-dimethyl-5-oxotetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-2-hydroxypent-3-anoic acid (3), ...
Hussain Javid - - 2012
Two new pentacyclic triterpenes named kirmanoic acid (1) and kurramanoic acid (2) have been isolated from the chloroform-soluble portion of the whole plant of Nepeta clarkei Hook. The structures of the two new compounds were assigned on the basis of their (1)H and (13)C NMR spectra including two-dimensional NMR techniques ...
Zeni Ana Lúcia B - - 2012
Ferulic acid (4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic acid) is a phenolic compound present in several plants with claimed beneficial effects in prevention and treatment of disorders linked to oxidative stress and inflammation. In this study, we aimed to verify the possible antidepressant-like effect of acute oral administration of ferulic acid in the forced swimming ...
Shenoy Megha - - 2012
Ant-plant interactions often are mediated by extrafloral nectar (EFN) composition that may influence plant visitation by ants. Over a 300 km range in the Indian Western Ghats, we investigated the correlation between the EFN composition of the myrmecophytic ant-plant Humboldtia brunonis (Fabaceae) and the number and species of ants visiting EFN. ...
Lavola Anu - - 2012
The Saskatoon berry is currently cultivated in many parts of the world for its suitability for various food products and due to the high content of nutrients and polyphenols. To determine the phytochemical profile of a Saskatoon plant, polyphenols from leaves, stems and berries were screened from four cultivars grown ...
Kokoska Ladislav - - 2012
In this study, we analyzed the chemical composition of volatile oils hydrodistilled from seeds of Consolida regalis, Delphinium elatum, Nigella hispanica, and N. nigellastrum using GC and GC/MS. In C. regalis, octadecenoic (77.79%) and hexadecanoic acid (8.34%) were the main constituents. Similarly, the oils from D. elatum and N. hispanica ...
Tey Ju Nie - - 2012
Effects of doping on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) networks with different metallicity are reported through the study of sheet resistance changes upon annealing and acid treatment. SWNT film with high metallic tube content is found to have relatively good chemical stability against post treatments, as demonstrated from its stable film ...
Rebane Riin - - 2012
Liquid chromatography electrospray ionization mass-spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) was used to analyze 9-fluorenylmethylmethoxycarbonyl chloride (Fmoc-Cl) and diethyl ethoxymethylenemalonate (Deemm) derivatives of three amino acids and five other compounds. Influence of boric acid on their ionization was investigated and dramatic impact on the signal was observed. The strongest signal suppression (6% of signal ...
Hutton Brian - - 2012
To estimate the relative risks of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and renal failure or dysfunction between antifibrinolytics and no treatment following the suspension of aprotinin from the market in 2008 for safety reasons and its recent reintroduction in Europe and Canada. Systematic review and network meta-analysis. A Cochrane review of ...
Bryner Randall W RW Division of Exercise Physiology, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506-9227, - - 2012
Background. Accumulation of free fatty acids leads to lipid-toxicity-associated skeletal muscle atrophy. Palmitate treatment reduces myoblast and myotube growth and causes apoptosis in vitro. It is not known if omega-3 fatty acids will protect muscle cells against palmitate toxicity. Therefore, we examined the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on skeletal ...
Esmaeili Vahid V Department of Embryology, Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedi- cine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran ; Department of Animal Science, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, - - 2012
Mammalian spermatozoa are characterized by a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), but reliable data concerning dietary effects on fatty acid (FA) profile in ram's sperm and the persistency of FA in the ration to the FA in sperm has not been reported. Therefore, the aim of this study ...
Servillo Luigi - - 2011
The presence of pipecolic acid and pipecolic acid betaine, also known as homostachydrine, is herein reported for the first time in Citrus genus plants. Homostachydrine was found in fruits, seeds, and leaves of orange, lemon, and bergamot ( Citrus bergamia Risso et Poit). As homostachydrine was not commercially available, as ...
Almeida Rodrigo P P - - 2011
In Xylella fastidiosa the fatty acid signal molecule DSF is produced and sensed by components of the regulation of pathogenicity factors (rpf) cluster; lack of DSF production in RpfF mutants results in a non-vector transmissible phenotype yet cells are hypervirulent to grape. rpfB has not been characterized in X. fastidiosa, ...
Abellán Adela - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Enzymes present in the flowers of Cynara cardunculus (cyprosins) are used in the production of some traditional Spanish and Portuguese cheeses, replacing animal rennet. The aim of this work was to study the changes that take place in free amino acids during the ripening of a goat's milk cheese ...
Kochevenko Andrej - - 2011
The branched-chain amino acid transaminases (BCATs) have a crucial role in metabolism of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. These enzymes catalyze the last step of synthesis and the initial step of degradation of these amino acids. Although the biosynthetic pathways of branched chain amino acids in plants ...
Shiraiwa Ken - - 2011
A new benzyl benzoate glycoside and five new 3-deoxy-d-manno-2-octulosonic acid derivatives were isolated from the entire plant of Solidago decurrens together with three known compounds. Their structures were established by extensive analyses of their 1D and 2D NMR spectra and by comparison with physical data of known compounds.
Xu K - - 2011
Three new alkaloids, N-hexacosanoylanthranilic acid (1), N-octacosanoylanthranilic acid (2) and N-eicosanoyltyramine (3), along with 19 known compounds, were isolated from the seeds of Notopterygium incisum, whose rhizomes are used as a traditional Tibetan medicine. Their structures were elucidated by 1D, 2D NMR spectra and ESI-MS spectrometer evidence.
McGhie Tony Kevin - - 2011
Apple peel contains numerous phytochemicals, many of which show bioactivity. We have investigated the identity of triterpenoid compounds contained in ethanolic extracts of peel from seven apple cultivars. Using HPLC-ESI-QTOF-HRMS, accurate mass information was obtained for 43 compounds, and chemical identity was inferred from the calculated elemental composition, fragment masses, ...
Chen Hsi-Chuan - - 2011
The hydroxylation of 4- and 3-ring carbons of cinnamic acid derivatives during monolignol biosynthesis are key steps that determine the structure and properties of lignin. Individual enzymes have been thought to catalyze these reactions. In stem differentiating xylem (SDX) of Populus trichocarpa, two cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylases (PtrC4H1 and PtrC4H2) and ...
Pudelski Birgit - - 2011
Previously, the OEP16.1 channel pore in the outer envelope membrane of mature pea (Pisum sativum) chloroplasts in vitro has been characterized to be selective for amino acids. Isolation of OEP16.2, a second OEP16 isoform from pea, in the current study allowed membrane localization and gene expression of OEP16 to be ...
Rautengarten Carsten - - 2012
The cuticle is a complex aliphatic polymeric layer connected to the cell wall and covers surfaces of all aerial plant organs. The cuticle prevents nonstomatal water loss, regulates gas exchange, and acts as a barrier against pathogen infection. The cuticle is synthesized by epidermal cells and predominantly consists of an ...
Ying Jie-Zheng - - 2011
Plant seed oil is important for human dietary consumption and industrial application. The oil trait is controlled by quantitative trait loci (QTLs), but no QTLs for fatty acid composition are known in rice, the monocot model plant. QTL analysis was performed using F(2) and F(2:3) progeny from a cross of ...
Routaboul Jean-Marc - - 2012
The photosynthetic thylakoid has the highest level of lipid unsaturation of any membrane. In Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown at 22°C, approximately 70% of the thylakoid fatty acids are trienoic - they have three double bonds. In Arabidopsis, and other species, the levels of trienoic fatty acids decline substantially at higher ...
da Silva Juliana Melo - - 2011
Rooted molars were subjected to standardized canal instrumentation to a master apical file (MAF). The samples were dressed with Ca(OH)(2), and after 7 days, teeth were reopened and Ca(OH)(2) medication was removed by 1 of 4 different experimental procedures: 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) (n = 10); 17% EDTA-T (n = ...
Doan Thuy T P - - 2011
Primary long-chain fatty alcohols are present in a variety of phyla. In eukaryotes, the production of fatty alcohols is catalyzed by fatty acyl-CoA reductase (FAR) enzymes that convert fatty acyl-CoAs or acyl-ACPs into fatty alcohols. Here, we report on the biochemical properties of a purified plant FAR, Arabidopsis FAR6 (AtFAR6). ...
Aardema Matthew L - - 2011
Cardenolides are a class of plant secondary compounds that inhibit the proper functioning of the Na(+) , K(+) -ATPase enzyme in susceptible animals. Nonetheless, many insect species are able to sequester cardenolides for their own defence. These include butterflies in the subfamily Danainae (Family: Nymphalidae) such as the monarch (Danaus ...
Aboy Ana Lúcia - - 2011
Baccharis trimera commonly named 'carqueja', is wide-spread in South America and are used as raw material for herbal medicines. A reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) method coupled to diode array detector was developed for the analysis of caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs), the main compounds responsible for its digestive activity. The identity of ...
Häkkinen Suvi T - - 2011
The aim of this study was to use whole cell catalysts as tools for modification of selected resin acids in order to obtain value-added functional derivatives. The enzymatic bioconversion capacities of two plant species were tested towards dehydroabietic acid. Dehydroabietic acid (DHA) is an abundant resin acid in conifers, representing ...
Rajamurugan R - - 2011
Profound research has been done on the medicinal value of Brassica nigra (BN) seeds, and the leaves of the plant have been investigated in this study. The methanol extracts of the leaves were subjected to several in vitro studies. The antioxidant activity of methanol extract was demonstrated with a wide range ...
Yang Hua-Meng - - 2011
The study showed that a combination of an achiral silicon-based Lewis acid and chiral Lewis base, such as iodotrimethylsilane (TMSI) and cinchonine, generated a highly enantioselective catalyst system under solvent-free conditions which gave aromatic β-amino ketones with up to >99% ee. Mechanistic studies demonstrate the enhanced asymmetric induction may be ...
Nicholson Tim M - - 2011
Mastic, the resinous exudate of the evergreen shrub Pistacia lentiscus, is frequently discussed as one of the ingredients used for embalming in ancient Egypt. We show the identification of mastic in ancient Egyptian embalming resins by an unambiguous assignment of the mastic triterpenoid fingerprint consisting of moronic acid, oleanonic acid, ...
Ruan Jianyun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Free amino acids in young tea shoots are important chemical constituents, remarkably influencing the quality of green teas. Nutrient solution, soil pot and field experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of magnesium nutritional status on accumulation and transport of free amino acids in tea plants (Camellia sinensis (L.) ...
Skriptsova Anna V - - 2011
Sterile and reproductive tissues of five brown algae (Sargassum pallidum, Silvetia babingtonii, Fucus evanescens, Saccharina japonica, and Alaria ochotensis) from Russian Far East seas were compared for the content and monosaccharide composition of fucoidans as well as the content of laminarans and alginic acids. It was proved that reproduction has ...
Bi Linlin - - 2011
Four new oleanane type triterpenoid saponins (1-4) and a known saponin (5) were isolated from the root bark of Aralia taibaiensis Z.Z. Wang et H.C. Zheng. The structures of the four new compounds were elucidated as 3-O-{β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-[β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→3)]-β-d-glucurono-pyranosyl}-olean-11,13(18)-diene-28-oic acid 28-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl ester (1), 3-O-{β-d-gluco-pyranosyl-(1→3)-[α-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1→4)]-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl}-olean-11,13(18)-diene-28-oic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (2), 3-O-{β-d-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-[α-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1→4)]-β-d-glucuronopyranosyl}-oleanolic acid 28-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester ...
Jernerén Fredrik - - 2011
Jasmonic acid (JA) is synthesized from linolenic acid (18:3n-3) by sequential action of 13-lipoxygenase, allene oxide synthase (AOS), and allene oxide cyclase. The fungus Lasiodiplodia theobromae can produce large amounts of JA and was recently reported to form the JA precursor 12-oxophytodienoic acid. The objective of our study was to ...
Cretton Sylvian - - 2011
Schizanthus grahamii is an endemic Chilean plant that is known to contain tropane alkaloids. Five new alkaloids, grahamines A-E (1-5), were isolated and characterized by extensive spectroscopic analysis. Their structures were determined to be 2-{[(3α-hydroxytropo-6β-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-{[((6β-angeloyloxy)-3α-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-4-phenylcyclobutanecarboxylic acid (1), 2-{[(3α-hydroxytropo-6β-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-{[((6β-tigloyloxy)-3α-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-4-phenylcyclobutanecarboxylic acid (2), 1-methyl-2-{[(3α-hydroxytropo-6β-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-4-{[((6β-angeloyloxy)-3α-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-3-phenylcyclobutanecarboxylic acid (3), 1,2-bis{[(3α-hydroxytropo-6β-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-{[((6β-angeloyloxy)-3α-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-4-phenylcyclobutanecarboxylate (4), and 1-{[(3α-mesaconyloxytropo-6β-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-2-{[(3α-hydroxytropo-6β-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-{[((6β-angeloyloxy)-3α-yl)oxy]carbonyl}-4-phenylcyclobutanecarboxylate (5).
Pecchia Paola - - 2011
Several different classes of secondary metabolites, including flavonoids, triterpenoid saponins and quinic acid derivatives, are found in Aster spp. (Fam. Asteraceae). Several Aster compounds revealed biological as well as pharmacological activities. In this work, a phytochemical investigation of A. caucasicus evidenced the presence of quinic acid derivatives, as well as ...
Mojarrab Mahdi - - 2011
The reversed-phase (RP) preparative HPLC analyses of the MeOH extract of the aerial parts of Artemisia armeniaca yielded four prenylated coumarins, 7-hydroxy-8-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy)coumarin (named armenin), 8-hydroxy-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methylbutoxy)coumarin (named isoarmenin), lacarol, and deoxylacarol, together with five other compounds, including three flavonoid glycosides, quercetin 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, and kaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, and chlorogenic acid, and tryptophan. ...
von Saint Paul Veronica - - 2011
Plants coordinate and tightly regulate pathogen defense by the mostly antagonistic salicylate (SA)- and jasmonate (JA)-mediated signaling pathways. Here, we show that the previously uncharacterized glucosyltransferase UGT76B1 is a novel player in this SA-JA signaling crosstalk. UGT76B1 was selected as the top stress-induced isoform among all 122 members of the ...
Bunzel Mirko - - 2011
To analyze the accuracy of the Klason lignin method as applied for the determination of lignin contents in plant based-food products, Klason lignin preparations from curly kale, pears, whole wheat grains, and corn bran were chemically characterized. Characterization included routine ash and protein determinations, the extraction of fat/waxes as well ...
Lynch Anthony H - - 2011
In archaeological studies, the isotopic enrichment values of carbon and nitrogen in bone collagen give a degree of information on dietary composition. The isotopic enrichments of individual amino acids from bone collagen and dietary protein have the potential to provide more precise information about the components of diet. A limited ...
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