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Webb Cathy C - - 2013
Freshly harvested Georgia-grown cantaloupes (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus cv. Athena and Atlantis) were spot inoculated with 100 μl of a five-strain mixture of Salmonella enterica serovar Poona (9 log CFU/ml) at the stem scar and on the netted rind and then subjected to no treatment (control) or a 6-min ...
Vidotti Hugo A HA Ph.D. Candidate. Department of Prosthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, - - 2013
This study evaluated the influence of low concentration acid treatment on the shear bond strength between lithium disilicate (LD) infrastructure and veneering porcelain. The surface morphology characteristic after this acid treatment was also examined. LD reinforced ceramic cylinders (n=10) (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were treated (LD-treated) with a ...
Wang Shengman - - 2013
Heavy metal pollution and soil acidification are serious global environmental issues. The combined pollution from acidification and heavy metal has become a new environmental issue in regions where the two issues simultaneously occur. However, studies on combined pollution are still limited. In the current study, we investigated the combined effect ...
Armstrong Erin L - - 2013
Treatment of indolylmethyl Meldrum's acids with catalytic scandium triflate and a variety of nucleophiles results in the nucleophilic displacement of the Meldrum's acid moiety via a gramine-type fragmentation. The reaction is useful for the generation of heterocyclic compounds of significant molecular complexity.
Choi Sol - - 2013
γ-Butyrolactone (GBL) is an important four carbon (C4) chemical, which has a wide range of industrial applications. GBL can be produced by acid treatment of 4-hydroxybutyric acid (4-HB), which is a derivative of succinic acid. Heterologous metabolic pathways were designed and established in succinic acid overproducing M. succiniciproducens LPK7 (ldhA ...
Erdo─čan Alver Burcu - - 2013
In this study, ethylene (C2H4) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) adsorption properties of clinoptilolite tuff from Gördes, Turkey and that of acid treated forms were studied at 293K using volumetric apparatus up to 38 and 100kPa, respectively. In order to consider the effect of acid treatment on structural and gas adsorption ...
Navuluri Chandrasekhar - - 2013
Late bloomer: Nitrosation of peracetylated sialic acid glycosides followed by treatment with sodium trifluoroethoxide and then a suitable nucleophile enables the late-stage modification of these glycosides with stereospecific replacement of the acetamido group. This method should enable access to many glycoside derivatives with a minimum of synthetic effort.
Wang Qin - - 2013
Halloysite nanotube is an ideal vehicle of the controlled release of drugs. In this study, we systematically investigated the effects of acid- and heat-treatments on the physicochemical properties, structure and morphology of halloysite by XRD, FTIR, SEM and TEM. Afterwards, the adsorption and in vitro release properties of halloysite for ...
Quintana Elisabet - - 2013
Bleached cellulose with good end-properties (∼90% ISO brightness and 62% cellulose preservation) was obtained by using a totally chlorine-free biobleaching process (TCF). Unbleached sulphite cellulose was treated with Trametes villosa laccase in combination with violuric acid. This enzymatic stage (L) was followed by a chelating stage (Q) and then by ...
Martens S D - - 2013
Smallholders in the tropics depend on local protein supplements to balance pig diets. Thus, various tropical forage legumes are a potential feeding option. Ensiling allows converting forages into a ready-to-feed-out choice; but the lactic acid fermentation may influence various (anti-)nutritional components. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Kim S A SA Department of Food Bioscience and Technology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, South - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the synergistic bactericidal effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs; caprylic, capric, and lauric acid) and organic acids (OAs; acetic, lactic, malic, and citric acid) against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and to identify their underlying mechanism(s) of action. E. coli O157:H7 was treated with ...
Di Girolamo Giuseppe - - 2013
Twelve hydrothermal pre-treatment combinations of temperature (150 and 180°C), time (10 and 20min) and acid catalyst (no catalyst; H2SO4 at 2% w/w immediately before steam cooking or in 24-h pre-soaking) were tested to assess their effects on methane yield of Giant reed biomass vs. untreated control. A batch anaerobic digestion ...
Ali Syed A - - 2013
Treatment of Hypnale hypnale bites with commercial antivenoms, even those raised against its sister taxon Calloselasma rhodostoma, have never been clinically successful. As these two genera have been separated for 20 million years, we tested to see whether significant variations in venom had accumulated during this long period of evolutionary ...
Dygai A M - - 2013
We compared hemostimulating effects of glyciram, pantohematogen, granulocytic CSF, and D-glucuronic acid preparation on the granulocytic lineage hemopoiesis suppressed by cyclophosphamide or 5-fluorouracil. The effects hemostimulators against the background of 5-fluorouracil treatment were less pronounced that during cyclophosphamide treatment.
Zahed Reza - - 2013
Epistaxis is a common problem in the emergency department (ED). Sixty percent of people experience it at least once in their life. There are different kinds of treatment for epistaxis. This study intended to evaluate the topical use of injectable form of tranexamic acid vs anterior nasal packing with pledgets ...
El-Soud Walid Abu - - 2013
Seed germination and growth of seedlings are critical phases of plant life that are adversely affected by various environmental cues. Water availability is one of the main factors that limit the productivity of many crops. This study was conducted to assess the changes in the sensitivity of chickpea seedlings to ...
Magremanne Michèle - - 2013
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a well-known side effect of bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. ONJ is specifically related to the intravenous form of BPs and is usually seen in combination with other risk factors, such as dental surgery, concurrent corticosteroids, chemotherapy, and tobacco use. The risk of developing ONJ in ...
Xia Ao - - 2013
The effects of pre-treatment methods on saccharification and hydrogen fermentation of Chlorella pyrenoidosa biomass were investigated. When raw biomass and biomass pre-treated by steam heating, by microwave heating, and by ultrasonication were used as feedstock, the hydrogen yields were only 8.8-12.7ml/g total volatile solids (TVS) during dark fermentation. When biomass ...
Zhang Yunjie - - 2013
Evaluate the efficacy of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) in medical treatment of nasal inverted papilloma (NIP). Three patients with nasal inverted papilloma were treated with 5-Aminolevulinic Acid Photodynamic Therapy at our department from April to September 2012. The efficacy and adverse effects of 5-Aminolevulinic Acid Photodynamic Therapy were evaluated ...
Claes Pieter - - 2013
2H,3'H-Spiro[benzofuran-3,2'-naphthoquinones], constituting a new spiroheterocyclic skeleton, were synthesized starting from 2-aryloxymethyl-1,4-naphthoquinones by means of a palladium(II)-catalyzed reaction, which is a new spirocyclic transformation. Under optimal conditions, i.e. 10 mol% of palladium(II) acetate, 15 mol% of 3,5-dichloropyridine and 5 mol% of trifluoroacetic acid in acetic acid at 110 degC, various 2H,3'H-spiro[benzofuran-3,2'-naphthoquinones] ...
Escriche Isabel - - 2014
Total antioxidant activity, physicochemical parameters, and the profile of flavonoids and phenolic acid compounds were evaluated for: their ability to distinguish between the botanical origins of four types of Spanish honey, the impact of industrial thermal treatment, and the effect of the year of collection. Citrus honey had the lowest ...
Mamabolo Thabisile - - 2013
Surveys indicate that many South African women use relaxers to straighten their hair for cosmetic reasons, which can damage the hair and scalp. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of treating hair with two types of relaxers: Product A (a lye relaxer, sodium hydroxide base) and ...
Reisinger Michael - - 2013
Due to the enormous quantities arising in the milling industry and its specific properties, wheat bran can be considered as a feedstock for future biorefineries. In the present work, a detailed investigation was carried out on the hydrothermal (140-200°C) and enzymatic treatment of wheat bran. After hydrothermal pretreatment and a ...
López-Alfaro Isabel - - 2013
The purpose of this paper was to study the effect of pulsed electric fields (PEF) on the stilbene content of three grape varieties. For this purpose, four different PEF treatments were applied using a continuous system over three varieties, Graciano, Tempranillo and Grenache, destemmed and crushed. In addition, the influence ...
Valente Angela M M P - - 2013
The chemical reactions carried out by microorganisms have been used as a tool in modern chemistry. This paper reports the production of mycophenolic acid and a new phthalide by the endophytic fungus Penicillium crustosum obtained from coffee seeds. The fungus was cultivated in a liquid medium for a period of ...
Lee Joyce S JS Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2013
Abnormal acid gastro-oesophageal reflux is common in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and is considered a risk factor for development of IPF. Retrospective studies have shown improved outcomes in patients given anti-acid treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between anti-acid treatment and disease progression ...
Vieira F P - - 2013
In this work, stability and the pH-sensitivity of pH-sensitive stealth liposomes containing cisplatin exposed to plasma medium and their subsequent responses to pH modifications were evaluated. A method to determine platin in mouse plasma by electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy (ET AAS) was developed and validated. At first, a comparative study ...
Takata Eri - - 2013
The production of monosaccharides from napier grass was investigated in the presence of acid catalysts using the hydrothermal process. When the napier grass was treated with 3wt.% phosphoric acid at 160°C for 15min, the xylose yield reached 10.3wt.%, corresponding to 72.0% of the xylan in it, whereas glucose was hardly ...
Gerdan V - - 2013
We report the case of a 36-year-old man with psoriatic arthritis and miliary tuberculosis, whose serum uric acid (SUA) level increased after the initiation of antituberculosis treatment, which included pyrazinamide. Most strikingly and paradoxically, the patient's SUA level increased after treatment with allopurinol. On cessation of allopurinol, his SUA level ...
Neo Shan Yu - - 2013
Sprouts-related outbreaks have risen due to increased raw sprouts consumption. To minimize such cases, chemical sanitations are applied. While chlorine is commonly used, concerns with its effectiveness and health implication have prompted researchers to seek alternatives. Peroxyacetic acid (PAA) has shown efficacy in inactivating foodborne pathogens on fresh vegetables, and ...
Caito Samuel W SW Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Pediatric Toxicology, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232-0414, - - 2013
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a potent neurotoxin that enters mammalian cells as a conjugate with L-cysteine through L-type large neutral amino acid transporter, LAT1, by a molecular mimicry mechanism by structurally resembling L-methionine. Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) has been increasingly used to study the neurotoxic effects of MeHg, but little is ...
Rossini Maurizio - - 2013
Introduction: In this article, we have summarized the specific evidence on ibandronic acid (or ibandronate) efficacy, tolerability, and feasibility acquired from trials and clinical use. Areas covered: This critical review focuses on evidence from randomized controlled clinical trials, meta-analyses, surrogate markers, bridging trials, long-term extension studies, observational studies, clinical experiences ...
Tharamapalan Jayapregasham - - 2013
To control carbonate scale formation on reverse osmosis (RO) membrane surfaces, it is common practice to add acid as a pre-treatment chemical. However, advancements in the formulation of proprietary scale inhibitors have resulted in a re-evaluation of the need to suppress the pH of RO feedwater. In this study, a ...
Beuchat Larry R - - 2013
Studies were done to evaluate the efficacy of chlorine (200 to 1,000 μg/ml), lactic acid (0.5 to 2%), levulinic acid (0.5 to 2%), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS, 0.05%), lactic acid plus SDS, levulinic acid plus SDS, and a mixed peroxyacid sanitizer (Tsunami 200, 40 and 80 μg/ml) in killing Salmonella ...
Zhao Ying - - 2013
The gut microbiome is known to be extensively involved in human health and disease. In order to reveal the metabolic relationship between host and microbiome, we monitored recovery of the gut microbiota composition and fecal profiles of mice after gentamicin and/or ceftriaxone treatment. This was done by employing (1)H Nuclear ...
Joo Yongho - - 2013
Aggregation and dispersion behaviours of halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were influenced by pH. The meso- and micro-porosity of halloysite were determined by N2 gas physisorption. The blocking and opening of halloysite nanotube pores with acid, neutral, and base treatment were detected in a micro- and mesoporous matrix of tunable porosity. The ...
Nobre Maria Elizabeth Pereira - - 2013
In the present study, we evaluated omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) (consisting of 20:5n-3 and 22:6n-3) properties on inflammation and nociception. Among the in vivo tests, writhing, formalin, and hot plate tests were conducted in mice, and carrageenan-induced paw edema, peritonitis, and Hargreaves tests were performed in rats. Following the ...
Vasile Cornelia C Department of Physical Chemistry of Polymers, Romanian Academy, "Petru Poni" Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, - - 2013
This paper is a short review on the state-of-the-art of the use of polyelectrolyte complexes containing polysaccharides for wound and burn healing and treatment using the chitosan/hyaluronic acid polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) hydrogel. PEC is suitable for wound healing because a wet treatment can be realized and both components of PEC ...
Villanueva-Suárez M José - - 2013
Okara, a byproduct of soymilk production, has been upgraded through the use of an enzymatic treatment with Ultraflo L® to give a product (okara(ET)) which has a higher content of soluble dietary fibre and an enhanced ratio of soluble: insoluble fibre than is found in okara without treatment. Polysaccharides were ...
Wang Qiang - - 2013
Effects of high-pressure treatment (100MPa to 600MPa) on lipid oxidation and composition of fatty acids in yak body fat at 4°C and 15°C were investigated for up to 20days storage. 400 and 600MPa treatments increase the level of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) 335% and 400% (p<0.05), respectively. Composition analysis shows ...
Aluigi Annalisa - - 2013
Mats of wool-derived keratin nanofibre have been prepared by electrospinning solutions of keratin in formic acid at 20 and 15wt.%, and obtaining nanofibres with mean diameter of about 400 and 250nm, respectively. These mats can find applications in tissue engineering (they can mimic the native extracellular matrix) and in wastewater ...
Tse Tsz Wah - - 2013
This article reviews an old drug tranexamic acid to its new use in the treatment of melasma. Its mechanism of preventing the activation of melanocyte from UV light, hormone and injured kerationcyte through the inhibition of the plasminogen activator system will be explored. The detail usage for such indication and ...
Monteiro Rochelle C - - 2013
Melasma is a common acquired cause of facial hyperpigmentation seen predominantly among females with significant psychological and social impact. It is often recalcitrant to treatment. Several topical hypopigmenting agents have been used to combat melasma. Hydroquinone and Kojic Acid are well established monotherapeutic agents for treating melasma. This study focuses ...
Kim Dong Chan - - 2013
It is suggested that the hepatic lipid composition is more important than lipid quantity in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. We examined whether lipoic acid (LA) could alter intrahepatic lipid composition and free cholesterol distribution. HepG2 cells were cultured with palmitic acid (PA) with and without LA. Apoptosis, changes of ...
Nairoukh Zackaria - - 2013
Terminal aromatic alkynes are converted rapidly into ketones in a regioselective manner by treatment of their microemulsions with 0.33 M mineral acid between 80 and 140 °C. Internal and aliphatic acetylenes are likewise hydrated, but require longer reaction periods. The products are easily isolated from the reaction mixtures by phase separation. Replacement ...
Villasuso Ana Laura - - 2013
Phosphatidic acid (PA) is the common lipid product in abscisic acid (ABA) and gibberellic acid (GA) response. In this work we investigated the lipid metabolism in response to both hormones. We could detect an in vivo phospholipase D activity (PLD, EC 3.1.4.4). This PLD produced [(32)P]PA (phosphatidic acid) rapidly (minutes) in ...
Jeong Han-Seob - - 2013
In this study, rapeseed cake (RSC) was used as a source of pectins due to its high carbohydrate content. Different combinations of treatments were applied to investigate the effect of combination processes on the extraction of pectin from RSC. The treatments chosen for combination were a fat removal process (FRP) ...
Hideno Akihiro - - 2013
The effects of adding trace acids in ethanol based organosolv treatment were investigated to increase the enzymatic digestibility of Japanese cypress. A high glucose yield (60%) in the enzymatic hydrolysis was obtained by treating the sample at 170°C for 45min in 50% ethanol liquor containing 0.4% hydrochloric acid. Moreover, the ...
Poiroux-Gonord Florine - - 2013
In plants, stress signals propagate to trigger distant responses and thus stress acclimation in non-exposed organs. We tested here the hypothesis that leaves submitted to photooxidative stress may influence the metabolism of nearby fruits and thus quality criteria. Leaves of orange trees (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck cv. 'Navelate') were acclimated ...
Guaraldo Thais T - - 2013
New assays with HepG2 cells indicate that Indigo Carmine (IC), a dye that is widely used as additive in many food and pharmaceutical industries exhibited cytotoxic effects. This work describes the development of a bicomponent nanostructured Ti/TiO(2)/WO(3) electrode prepared by "template" method and investigates its efficiency in a photoelectrocatalytic method ...
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