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Emam M M - - 2013
The combined effects of yeast (1 ppm) and salinity on germination, seedling growth, metabolite accumulation and antioxidant defense system of flax (Linum usitatissimum) seeds grown at 100, 200 and 300 mM NaCl were studied. In this investigation, the germination was completely inhibited at 300 mM NaCl. Moreover, salinity induced marked ...
Hu X B - - 2013
Methods were investigated for biofilm regeneration on carriers in a moving bed biofilm reactor used for vitamin C production wastewater treatment. Three ordinary chemical cleaning agents (hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hypochlorite) and physical drying were chosen for evaluation as methods for biofilm detachment. The results showed that these ...
Akiyama Kousuke - - 2013
Treatment of the ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction from seeds of Quamoclit pennata (Convolvulaceae) with indium(III) chloride in methanol provided three oligoglycosides of hydroxy fatty acid (glycosidic acid) methyl esters and two methyl glycosides, which were partially acylated by a glycosidic acid, 7S-hydroxydecanoic acid 7-O-β-D-quinovopyranoside (quamoclinic acid B) and/or two ...
Wang L X - - 2013
The changes of photosynthetic parameters, water use efficiency (WUE), fatty acid composition, chlorophyll (Chl) content, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, ATPase and acid phosphatase activities, fluoride (F) content, and leaf anatomical structure of two tea cultivars, "Pingyangtezao" (PY) and "Fudingdabai" (FD), after F treatments were investigated. The results show that net photosynthetic ...
Karimi-Yazdi Alireza A Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
Otorrhea and granulation tissue in Canal Wall Down mastoidectomy (CWD) is the common problem in cholesteatoma removal and leads to many discomfort for both the patient and the physician. The main objective in CWD is creating the dry cavity, so the topical antibiotic and acetic acid in variable saturations are ...
Reid Ian R IR Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland , Auckland, New - - 2013
Six patients from the phase 3 trials of zoledronic acid in Paget's disease, who had received zoledronic acid initially and had subsequently relapsed, were entered into an open re-treatment study. Following re-treatment, each patient reached similar absolute nadirs of serum alkaline phosphatase to those recorded after their first dose. No ...
Kuznetsova Tatiana T Department of Virology, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, - - 2013
A substantial proportion of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b infected patients do not response to pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin (PegIFNα/RBV) combination therapy that was partially associated with mutations in the non-structural 5A (NS5A) protein. Analysis of NS5A polymorphisms in HCV genotype 1b pre-treatment serum samples from Estonian patients and their effect ...
Kim Hee-Young - - 2013
Waxy maize starch was dispersed (14.7% solids) in an aqueous sulfuric acid solution (3.16M), and hydrolyzed by stirring for up to 7 days at 40°C with ultrasonic treatments at different vibration amplitudes (20 and 40%) and durations (30 and 60min/day). The amount of starch nanoparticles in the hydrolyzates isolated after ...
Pálková Helena - - 2012
The effect of tetrabutylammonium (Bu(4)N(+)) and tetrapentylammonium (Pe(4)N(+)) cations on the modification of the organo-montmorillonite structure upon acid-treatment was investigated. Samples were treated with HCl for various times (2-12h). Structural changes were followed by MAS NMR spectroscopy. The (29)Si MAS NMR spectra of initial Na-saturated form (Na-SAz) showed gradual decrease ...
Poole Chris D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There are conflicting data regarding the benefits of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, most recently in patients with type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the impact of licensed, highly purified n-3 fatty acids on all-cause mortality after myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: This was a retrospective, matched-cohort study ...
Xia Ao - - 2012
Glutamic acid can hardly produce hydrogen via dark- or photo-fermentation without pretreatment. In this study, a novel process of acidogenic pretreatment with bacteria and zeolite treatment for NH(4)(+) removal was proposed to use glutamic acid as feedstock in photo-fermentation for efficient hydrogen production. Glutamic acid pretreated with acidogenic bacteria produces ...
Wong Banny S - - 2013
Elobixibat (formerly A3309) is a first-in-class ileal bile acid transporter (IBAT) inhibitor for treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC; syn functional constipation). CIC affects up to 25% of the general population; and up to a half are unsatisfied with current therapies. There is an unmet need for safe and effective ...
Mena Jaqueline - - 2012
Neutrophils are critical to the innate immune response; therefore, the proper function of neutrophils is critical to avoid the development of certain diseases. Linoleic acid, a polyunsaturated long-chain fatty acid, is one of the most abundant long-chain fatty acids found in the plasma of cows after giving birth. In this ...
- - 2012
BACKGROUND: Atherogenic dyslipidemia contributes substantially to the residual cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of therapeutic doses of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on the three major lipid abnormalities of atherogenic dyslipidemia, i.e. hypertriacylglycerolemia, low HDL cholesterol, and increased levels of small dense LDL particles, ...
Stoicescu Dan F - - 2012
A novel process for the preparation of two ketomethylenic antifolates, 2-(2-{4-[(2,4-diamino-pteridin-6-ylmethyl)-amino]-phenyl}-2-oxo-ethyl) pentanedioic acid and 2-(2-{4-[(2,4-diamino-pteridin-6-ylmethyl)-methyl-amino]-phenyl}-2-oxo-ethyl) pentanedioic acid is described herein. Both compounds were compared with methotrexate as inhibitors of human dihydrofolate reductase and thymidylate synthase. The in-vitro and in-vivo results suggest that these novel antifolate inhibitors could potentially constitute effective ...
Mollan Katie K Harvard School of Public Health, Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research, FXB Bldg, 651 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115-6017, USA. - - 2012
Although specific human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drug resistance mutations are well studied, little is known about cumulative amino acid changes, or how regimen and participant characteristics influence these changes. In the AIDS Clinical Trials Group randomized study A5202 of treatment-naive HIV-infected participants, cumulative HIV-1 amino acid changes from ...
Stallforth Pierre - - 2012
A chemoenzymatic synthesis of sialic acid from inexpensive N-acetyl-d-glucosamine is described. In a three-step Wittig-protection-ozonolysis strategy manno-configured aldehydes are obtained. Treatment with oxaloacetate in the presence of macrophomate synthase affords the signature α-keto-γ-hydroxy acid moiety with high diastereoselectivity.
Wolf M J - - 2012
The objective of this research was to compare the effectiveness of two application methods (dip versus spray) of 4.4% lactic acid for reducing pathogens on inoculated beef trim and in ground beef. Beef trim inoculated with cocktail mixtures of E. coli O157:H7, non-O157 Shiga toxigenic E. coli (STEC), or Salmonella ...
Demir Muammer - - 2012
Whey, a by-product of cheese manufacturing is rich in nutrients such as lactose, proteins, and mineral salts. The fungus Mortierella isabellina was used for production of oil containing γ-linoleic acid (GLA) during fermentation on deproteinized whey permeate (DP-WP) with and without lactase addition. The maximum oil concentration was 3.65g/L in ...
Park Jin-Hee - - 2012
Paclitaxel is used extensively as a chemotherapeutic agent against a broad range of tumors but often leads to the early termination of treatment due to severe toxic side effects. In this study, we hypothesized that ascorbic acid could reduce the toxic side effects without interfering with the anticancer effect of ...
Castagna Antonella - - 2013
Nutraceutical (ascorbic acid and carotenoids) and physical (colour and firmness) parameters were evaluated in two tomato genotypes (Money maker and high pigment-1) subjected to post harvest UV-B irradiation at different ripening stages (mature green and turning). UV-B treatment increased the concentration of ascorbic acid and carotenoids in Money maker flesh ...
Sun Zhao-Yong - - 2012
Fuel ethanol can be produced from bamboo by concentrated sulfuric acid hydrolysis followed by continuous ethanol fermentation. To reduce the environmental impact of this process, treatment of the stillage, reuse of the sulfuric acid and reduction of the process water used were studied. The total organic carbon (TOC) concentration of ...
Eom Dahan - - 2012
Substituted indenes can be synthesized via the Brønsted acid catalyzed cyclization of diaryl- and alkyl aryl-1,3-dienes. In this approach, treatment of symmetric or unsymmetric diaryl- and alkyl aryl-1,3-dienes with a catalytic amount of trifluoromethanesulfonic acid gives a variety of indene derivatives in good to excellent yields under mild conditions.
Sogi D S - - 2012
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is a major tropical fruit that has not been exploited for fresh-cut or minimally processed products on a scale similar to apples, pineapples, or melons. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of infrared (IR) treatment on total phenolics, carotenoids, ascorbic acid, and ...
Meng Fancheng - - 2012
Chemical treatment using concentrated nitric acid (16 M) not only induced significant improvement of mechanical and electrical properties of carbon nanotube fibers due to the enhanced interfacial interaction but also allowed much more efficient deposition of polyaniline for developing fiber-shaped supercapacitors. After the 2 h treatment, the acidized fiber had ...
Che T M - - 2012
An experiment involving 854 crossbred pigs (20 replicate pens of 4 to 8 pigs per pen) was conducted at 8 experiment stations to determine the effects of acids in nursery pig diets and their inclusion levels on growth performance using diets and weaning ages typical of those used in the ...
Park Hui Gyu - - 2012
This study was performed to investigate the effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) on the conversion of linoleic acid, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and α-linolenic acid (α-LNA) as substrates by Bifidobacterium breve LMC520 and to optimize the HHP condition. Cell mixture were tested under HHP in a variety of conditions ...
Barbé Florence - - 2013
This study aimed to determine the kinetics of milk protein digestion and amino acid absorption after ingestion of four dairy matrices by six minipigs: unheated or heated skim milk and corresponding rennet gels. Digestive contents and plasma samples were collected over a 7h-period after meal ingestion. Gelation of milk slowed ...
Abd-El-Maeboud Karim H I - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether enhancing vaginal acidity improves the success of medical abortions in the midtrimester. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted with 48 women with missed midtrimester abortions. Twice daily, the study participants (n=24) were treated with a 3% acetic acid gel and the controls (n=24) with ...
Niemi Piritta - - 2012
Brewer's spent grain (BSG), the major side-stream of brewing, consists of the husks and the residual parts of malts after the mashing process. BSG was enzymatically fractionated by a two-step enzymatic treatment with carbohydrate and protein degrading enzymes, which solubilized 66% of BSG. BSG contained 11% lipids, which were mostly ...
King Amanda M - - 2012
Current industry chilling practices with and without the application of 2% L-lactic acid were compared for their effectiveness at reducing levels of Salmonella, Yersinia enterocolitica, and Campylobacter coli on pork variety meats. Pork variety meats (livers, intestines, hearts, and stomachs) were inoculated individually with one of the three pathogens and ...
Li Changling - - 2012
The efficiency of treating citric acid effluent by green algae Chlorella was investigated. With the highest growth rate, Chlorella vulgaris C9-JN2010 that could efficiently remove nutrients in the citric acid effluent was selected for scale-up batch experiments under the optimal conditions, where its maximum biomass was 1.04gl(-1) and removal efficiencies ...
Rigane Ghayth - - 2012
A very simple method is proposed to produce hydroxytyrosol, a commercially unavailable compound with well-known biological properties which justify a potential commercial application. The 2-phase Chemlali olive pomace is selected as substrate for chemical treatment. Different conditions of chemical treatment, including concentration of acid and alkaline solutions, time and temperature, ...
Calder Beth L - - 2012
After-cooking darkening (ACD) is an inherent and undesirable trait that develops in cooked potatoes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sodium acid sulfate (SAS) dip treatments compared to other antigraying treatments and a control to reduce ACD in boiled, Katahdin potatoes. Dip treatments were applied ...
Zapata Pedro Javier - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Demand for broccoli has increased due to its high content of bioactive compounds. However, broccoli is a perishable commodity with a short shelf life mainly due to dehydration, yellowing and losses of bioactive compounds. Thus, efficient treatments to preserve broccoli quality are needed. RESULTS: The effect of heat treatment ...
Valls Cristina - - 2013
Various combinations of laccases, xylanase and cellulase were used to biobleach cellulose fibres from eucalyptus. The Trametes villosa and Myceliophthora thermophila laccases were used in combination with violuric acid (VA(TvL) system) and methyl syringate (MeS(MtL) system), respectively, as mediator. A dissimilar mode of action of the two systems was found: ...
Gurtler Joshua B - - 2012
A study was conducted to identify sanitizing solutions effective at inactivating ca. 5logCFU of Salmonella enterica inoculated onto the stem scar of red round tomatoes during two-minute immersion treatments. Sixty-three antimicrobial combinations were tested. Vacuum perfusion was applied to tomatoes during selected treatments to promote infiltration of sanitizer into porous ...
Wovkulich Karen - - 2012
Improved linkages between aqueous phase transport and solid-phase reactions are needed to better predict and model transport of contaminants through the subsurface. Here we develop and apply a new method for measuring As mobilization in situ within soil columns that utilizes synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence. By performing these measurements in situ ...
Won Chan-Hee - - 2012
The treatment of hydrofluoric acid (HF) wastewater has been an important environmental issue in recent years due to the extensive use of hydrofluoric acid in the chemical and electronics industries, such as semiconductor manufacturers. Coagulation/precipitation and ion exchange technologies have been used to treat HF wastewater, but these conventional methods ...
Vallverdú-Queralt Anna - - 2013
A metabolite profiling approach was used to study the effect of moderate-intensity pulsed electric field (MIPEF) treatments on the individual polyphenol and carotenoid contents of tomato fruit after refrigeration at 4°C for 24h. The MIPEF processing variables studied were electric field strength (from 0.4 to 2.0kV/cm) and number of pulses ...
Kim Jong-Yea - - 2013
This research investigated conditions by which maize starch granule porosity and load-carrying capacity (LCC) might be enhanced via treatment with varying citric acid concentrations (0.5-1.5M), temperatures (40-60°C), and lengths of treatment (1-8h). At the lowest temperatures (40 and 50°C), citric acid treatment induced minimal physicochemical changes to granules. In contrast, ...
Arroyo J M - - 2012
The protection of sunflower meal (SFM) proteins by treatments with solutions of malic acid (1 M) or orthophosphoric acid (0.67 M) and heat was studied in a 3 × 3 Latin-square design using three diets and three rumen and duodenum cannulated wethers. Acid solutions were applied to SFM at a ...
Paull J D - - 2012
On 16 February 1845 the Reverend W. H. Browne, rector of St John's Church in Launceston, Van Diemen's Land, wrote in his journal, "My dear Wife died very suddenly almost immediately after and in consequence of taking a preparation of Hyd. Cyan. Acid prepared & supplied by Dr Pugh". This ...
Delgado Joaquín - - 2012
Rare earth elements (REE) were analyzed in surface sediments from the Guadiana Estuary (SW Iberian Pyrite Belt). NASC (North American Shale Composite) normalized REE patterns show clearly convex curvatures in middle-REE (MREE) with respect to light- and heavy-REE, indicating acid-mixing processes between fluvial waters affected by acid mine drainage (AMD) ...
El-Tayeb T S - - 2012
This study was designed to evaluate selected chemical and microbiological treatments for the conversion of certain local agro-industrial wastes (rice straw, corn stalks, sawdust, sugar beet waste and sugarcane bagasse) to ethanol. The chemical composition of these feedstocks was determined. Conversion of wastes to free sugars by acid hydrolysis varied ...
Puri Neerja - - 2012
Chemical peels are the mainstay of a cosmetic practitioner's armamentarium because they can be used to treat some skin disorders and can provide aesthetic benefit. To compare 15% TCA peel and 35% glycolic acid peel for the treatment of melasma. We selected 30 participants of melasma aged between 20 and ...
Kesba Hosny H - - 2012
To investigate the effect of humic acid on nematode infected, resistant and susceptible grapes in relation to lipid peroxidation and antioxidant mechanisms on selected biochemical parameters known as proactive substances. The grape rootstocks, superior, superior/freedom and freedom were reacted differently to Meloidogyne incognita and Rotylenchulus reniformis according to rootstock progenitor. ...
Türkyılmaz Meltem - - 2012
Black carrots (BCs) are a rich source of stable anthocyanins (ACNs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of clarification and pasteurisation on ACNs of black carrot juice (BCJ). Monomeric ACNs, ACN profile and percent polymeric colour were determined during processing of BCJ. While depectinisation and bentonite ...
Singh Pankaj - - 2012
An experiment was done to assess the effect of various physico-chemical treatments on ripening behavior and post harvest quality of mango cv. Amrapali. The experiment was planned under completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications. The treatment units was five fruits per replication. Total 14 treatments were applied. Out of ...
Licciardi Paul V - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) have emerged as a new class of anticancer therapeutics. The hydroxamic acid, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (Vorinostat, Zolinza™), and the cyclic peptide, depsipeptide (Romidepsin, Istodax™), were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in 2006 and 2009, respectively. ...
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