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Lambert Joanna E JE Department of Anthropology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Exclusive frugivory is rare. As a food resource, fruit is temporally and spatially patchy, low in protein, and variable in terms of energy yield from different carbohydrate types. Here, we evaluate the digestive physiology of two frugivorous Carnivora species (Potos flavus, Arctictis binturong) that converge with primates in a diversity ...
Zhukova Natalia V NV Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok 690041, Russia. - - 2014
The molecular diversity of chemical compounds found in marine animals offers a good chance for the discovery of novel bioactive compounds of unique structures and diverse biological activities. Nudibranch mollusks, which are not protected by a shell and produce chemicals for various ecological uses, including defense against predators, have attracted ...
Zhou Xue-Rong XR Food Futures National Research Flagship, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Canberra, ACT, Australia ; Plant Industry, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Metabolic engineering of omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 LC-PUFA) in oilseeds has been one of the key targets in recent years. By expressing a transgenic pathway for enhancing the synthesis of the ω3 LC-PUFA docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from endogenous α-linolenic acid (ALA), we obtained the production of fish ...
Davidson Bruce Clement BC Saint James School of Medicine, PO Box 318, Albert Lake Drive, The Quarter, Anguilla, AI-2640 British West - - 2014
Liver, heart and abdominal muscle samples from scalloped (Sphyrna lewini) and smooth (Sphyrna zygaena) hammerhead sharks were analysed to characterise their lipid and fatty acid profiles. Samples were compared both between and within species, but there were no significant differences in total lipids for either comparison, although much greater total ...
Madala N E NE Department of Biochemistry, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South - - 2014
Chlorogenic acids (CGA) have been profiled in the leaves of Momordica balsamina, Momordica charantia, and Momordica foetida. All three species were found to contain the trans and cis isomers of 4-acyl para-coumaroylquinic acid (pCoQA), caffeoylquinic acid (CQA), and feruloylquinic acid (FQA). To the best of our knowledge, this is the ...
Ruiz-Cooley Rocio I RI Ocean Sciences Department, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of - - 2014
Climatic variation alters biochemical and ecological processes, but it is difficult both to quantify the magnitude of such changes, and to differentiate long-term shifts from inter-annual variability. Here, we simultaneously quantify decade-scale isotopic variability at the lowest and highest trophic positions in the offshore California Current System (CCS) by measuring ...
Ali Shimaa E SE Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Oslo, - - 2014
There has been a significant increase in the incidence of Saprolegnia infections over the past decades, especially after the banning of malachite green. Very often these infections are associated with high economic losses in salmonid farms and hatcheries. The use of boric acid to control the disease has been investigated ...
Mohanty Bimal B 0000-0001-9749-9466 ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, Kolkata 700120, - - 2014
Proteins and amino acids are important biomolecules which regulate key metabolic pathways and serve as precursors for synthesis of biologically important substances; moreover, amino acids are building blocks of proteins. Fish is an important dietary source of quality animal proteins and amino acids and play important role in human nutrition. ...
Alizadeh AliReza A Department of Animal Science, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, - - 2014
The effects of dietary fish oil on semen quality and sperm fatty acid profiles during consumption of n-3 fatty acids as well as the persistency of fatty acids in ram's sperm after removing dietary oil from the diet were investigated. In this experimental study, we randomly assigned 9 Zandi rams ...
McCann Linda D - - 2013
Bioinvasions are a significant force of change--and economic and ecological threat--in marine ecosystems. The threat now encroaches on Alaska, which has had relatively few invasions compared to other global regions, prompting need to develop new incursion response tools. We appraised five 'eco-friendly' immersion treatment options (dilute acetic acid, dilute bleach, ...
Sanchez-Roman Ines - - 2013
A low rate of mitochondrial ROS production (mitROSp) and a low degree of fatty acid unsaturation are characteristic traits of long-lived animals and can be obtained in a single species by methionine restriction (MetR) or atenolol (AT) treatments. However, simultaneous application of both treatments has never been performed. In the ...
Brewer Lauren Renee LR Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, - - 2014
It is unknown if particle size plays a role in extracting health promoting compounds in wheat bran because the extraction of antioxidant and phenolic compounds with particle size reduction has not been well documented. In this study, unmilled whole bran (coarse treatment) was compared to whole bran milled to medium ...
Gagné Jason W - - 2013
Sled dogs commonly suffer from diarrhea. Although multiple etiologies exist there are limited field studies using synbiotics as a supplement to prevent or treat diarrhea. The objective of this study was to examine alterations in fecal quality, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), and the fecal microbiome in two groups of training ...
Demirci Serpil - - 2013
6-Substituted amino-penicillanic acid esters were synthesized starting with 6-apa. The compounds containing a 1,3-thiazole- or 1,3-thiazolidinone nucleus linked to the penicillanic acid skeleton via a hydrazino linkage were obtained from 6-apa. The treatment of carbonylamino and carbonothioylamino compounds with 4-chlorophenacyl bromide or ethyl bromoacetate gave 6-bis{4-[1,3-thiazol(idinone)amino]benzoyl}amino derivatives of 6-apa. Benzyl ...
Iida Takashi - - 2013
Mild and regioselective conversion of 3-keto-5α- and 3-keto-5β-steroids (trans A/B- and cis A/B-ring juncture, respectively) to the corresponding enones (Δ(1)- and Δ(4)-3-ketones) by treatment with 2-iodoxybenzoic acid (IBX) catalyzed by trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) in DMSO, is described. The IBX-mediated reaction involved dehydrogenation of the α- and β-hydrogen atoms of the ...
Rao Supriya - - 2013
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) are highly prevalent medical conditions that reduce quality of life and represent a substantial economic burden on healthcare cost. Until recently, no specific treatment options were available. This review will provide an update of the most recent randomized clinical trials data ...
Jung Sokhee Philemon - - 2013
Successive alkalinity-producing systems (SAPSs) is a key unit process in the passive treatment of acidic mine drainage. Physico-chemistry and pyrosequencing-based bacterial communities of two passive treatment processes in Gapjung (GJ) and Seokbong (SB) were analyzed. The influent of SB harbored higher levels of acidity and metals than that of GJ. ...
Nagoba Basavaraj S - - 2013
The ulceration associated with gout tophi is very difficult to treat because of impaired and halted local inflammatory response resulting from the gout treatment regimen. We report chronic nonhealing tophaceous gout with bursitis in an 80-year-old male, not responding to conventional treatment modality for months together. This nonhealing ulcer was ...
Holland Aleicia - - 2013
Humic Substances (HS) have been shown to decrease the toxicity of environmental stressors, however, knowledge on their ability to influence the toxicity of multiple stressors such as metal mixtures and low pH associated with acid mine drainage (AMD) is still limited. The present study investigated the ability of HS to ...
Giaouris Efstathios - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate the possible impact of acid adaptation of Listeria monocytogenes cells on their attachment to stainless steel (SS) during long-term incubation under either low or moderate temperature conditions and on the subsequent recalcitrance of attached cells to lethal acid treatments. Initially, nonadapted or acid-adapted stationary phase ...
Nam Seong-Nam SN Engineering Research Institute, Seoul National University, Daehak-dong, Gwanak-gu 151-744, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2013
In this study, we have investigated the feasibility of using a thermochemical technique on ∼17% chrysotile-containing roofing sheet or slate (ACS), in which 5N sulfuric acid-digestive destruction was incorporated with 10-24-h heating at 100°C. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the polarized light microscopy (PLM) results have clearly shown that raw ...
Appleman Timothy D - - 2013
The near ubiquitous presence of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in humans has raised concerns about potential human health effects from these chemicals, some of which are both extremely persistent and bioaccumulative. Because some of these chemicals are highly water soluble, one major pathway for human exposure is the consumption ...
Hoffman Louwrens C LC Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, Stellenbosch 7602, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2013
The effect of rooibos tea extract (RBTE 0%, 0.25%, 0.50%, 1.00%) as a natural antioxidant on the lipid and protein stability of ostrich droëwors (traditional South African dried sausage) after a 15day drying period was investigated. The lipid stability of the droëwors increased with 0.25% RBTE having lower TBARS. The ...
Bellino Silvio - - 2013
Omega-3 fatty acids have received increasing interest due to their effects in stabilizing plasmatic membranes and regulating cell signaling. The efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids in psychiatric disorders, in particular mood disorders, has been studied. There have been two trials on eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) in the ...
Pott Robert W M - - 2013
Crude glycerol (CG) from biodiesel production is often contaminated with several compounds, including saponified fatty acids (SFAs). Photofermentative growth of Rhodopseudomonas palustris on glycerol leads to hydrogen production; however, R. palustris is inhibited by SFAs. This study examines inhibition of R. palustris by SFAs, finding that, with increasing concentration of ...
Amornkitbamrung Lunjakorn - - 2013
Uniform spherical palladium nanoparticles with an average particle size of 4.3±0.5nm were successfully synthesized by reducing H2PdCl4 with intermediates in situ generated during a successive acidic/alkaline treatment of sucrose. A successive acidic/alkaline treatment plays an important role on converting the non-reducing sucrose into efficient reducing species containing aldehyde functionality. The ...
Williams Yvonne D - - 2013
Methoxytropolones are useful scaffolds for therapeutic development due to their known biological activity. Upon treatment with triflic acid, a series of 3-methoxy-8-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-dien-2-ones rearrange rapidly and cleanly to form methoxytropolones. Interestingly, bicyles that are derived from dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate instead form furans as the major product.
Gao Mengsha - - 2014
The effect of essential oil fumigation treatment on browning and postharvest quality of button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) was evaluated upon 16days cold storage. Button mushrooms were fumigated with essential oils, including clove, cinnamaldehyde, and thyme. Changes in the browning index (BI), weight loss, firmness, percentage of open caps, total phenolics, ...
Raigani M - - 2013
We investigated the effects of folic acid and zinc sulphate supplementation on the improvement of sperm function in subfertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic (OAT) men. Eighty-three OAT men participated in a 16-week intervention randomised, double-blind clinical trial with daily treatment of folic acid (5 mg day(-1) ) and zinc sulphate (220 mg day(-1) ), or placebo. Before ...
Peng Liyu - - 2013
To enhance the degradation of oily wastewater and its biogas production, a biological-physicochemical pretreatment was introduced prior to the anaerobic digestion system. The digestion thereafter proceeded more efficiently due to the inoculation by oil degrading bacteria (Bacillus). A 2-stage pre-mixing is more effective than directly mixing. The effects on the ...
Złotek Urszula - - 2014
The study presents changes in the phytochemical levels, antiradical activity and quality of lettuce caused by different chemical elicitors: arachidonic acid (AA), jasmonic acid (JA), and abscisic acid (ABA). The application of 1μM and 100μM JA induced an increase in the concentration of phenolic compounds, including flavonoids and phenolic acids. ...
Arshad A - - 2013
Omega-3 rich fatty acids (n-3FA) have powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-neoplastic properties. Previous studies have investigated plasma and cellular uptake of oral and parenteral n-3FA regimens. These have shown that n-3FA undergo rapid uptake into cells which is sustained for the length of the treatment course. The aim of this study ...
Webb Cathy C - - 2013
Freshly harvested Georgia-grown cantaloupes (Cucumis melo L. var. reticulatus cv. Athena and Atlantis) were spot inoculated with 100 μl of a five-strain mixture of Salmonella enterica serovar Poona (9 log CFU/ml) at the stem scar and on the netted rind and then subjected to no treatment (control) or a 6-min ...
Vidotti Hugo A HA Ph.D. Candidate. Department of Prosthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, - - 2013
This study evaluated the influence of low concentration acid treatment on the shear bond strength between lithium disilicate (LD) infrastructure and veneering porcelain. The surface morphology characteristic after this acid treatment was also examined. LD reinforced ceramic cylinders (n=10) (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were treated (LD-treated) with a ...
Wang Shengman - - 2013
Heavy metal pollution and soil acidification are serious global environmental issues. The combined pollution from acidification and heavy metal has become a new environmental issue in regions where the two issues simultaneously occur. However, studies on combined pollution are still limited. In the current study, we investigated the combined effect ...
Armstrong Erin L - - 2013
Treatment of indolylmethyl Meldrum's acids with catalytic scandium triflate and a variety of nucleophiles results in the nucleophilic displacement of the Meldrum's acid moiety via a gramine-type fragmentation. The reaction is useful for the generation of heterocyclic compounds of significant molecular complexity.
Choi Sol - - 2013
γ-Butyrolactone (GBL) is an important four carbon (C4) chemical, which has a wide range of industrial applications. GBL can be produced by acid treatment of 4-hydroxybutyric acid (4-HB), which is a derivative of succinic acid. Heterologous metabolic pathways were designed and established in succinic acid overproducing M. succiniciproducens LPK7 (ldhA ...
Erdoğan Alver Burcu - - 2013
In this study, ethylene (C2H4) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) adsorption properties of clinoptilolite tuff from Gördes, Turkey and that of acid treated forms were studied at 293K using volumetric apparatus up to 38 and 100kPa, respectively. In order to consider the effect of acid treatment on structural and gas adsorption ...
Navuluri Chandrasekhar C Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, 5101 Cass Avenue, Detroit, MI 48202 - - 2013
Late bloomer: Nitrosation of peracetylated sialic acid glycosides followed by treatment with sodium trifluoroethoxide and then a suitable nucleophile enables the late-stage modification of these glycosides with stereospecific replacement of the acetamido group. This method should enable access to many glycoside derivatives with a minimum of synthetic effort.
Wang Qin - - 2013
Halloysite nanotube is an ideal vehicle of the controlled release of drugs. In this study, we systematically investigated the effects of acid- and heat-treatments on the physicochemical properties, structure and morphology of halloysite by XRD, FTIR, SEM and TEM. Afterwards, the adsorption and in vitro release properties of halloysite for ...
Quintana Elisabet - - 2013
Bleached cellulose with good end-properties (∼90% ISO brightness and 62% cellulose preservation) was obtained by using a totally chlorine-free biobleaching process (TCF). Unbleached sulphite cellulose was treated with Trametes villosa laccase in combination with violuric acid. This enzymatic stage (L) was followed by a chelating stage (Q) and then by ...
Martens S D - - 2013
Smallholders in the tropics depend on local protein supplements to balance pig diets. Thus, various tropical forage legumes are a potential feeding option. Ensiling allows converting forages into a ready-to-feed-out choice; but the lactic acid fermentation may influence various (anti-)nutritional components. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Kim S A SA Department of Food Bioscience and Technology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul, South - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the synergistic bactericidal effects of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs; caprylic, capric, and lauric acid) and organic acids (OAs; acetic, lactic, malic, and citric acid) against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and to identify their underlying mechanism(s) of action. E. coli O157:H7 was treated with ...
Di Girolamo Giuseppe - - 2013
Twelve hydrothermal pre-treatment combinations of temperature (150 and 180°C), time (10 and 20min) and acid catalyst (no catalyst; H2SO4 at 2% w/w immediately before steam cooking or in 24-h pre-soaking) were tested to assess their effects on methane yield of Giant reed biomass vs. untreated control. A batch anaerobic digestion ...
Ali Syed A - - 2013
Treatment of Hypnale hypnale bites with commercial antivenoms, even those raised against its sister taxon Calloselasma rhodostoma, have never been clinically successful. As these two genera have been separated for 20 million years, we tested to see whether significant variations in venom had accumulated during this long period of evolutionary ...
Dygai A M - - 2013
We compared hemostimulating effects of glyciram, pantohematogen, granulocytic CSF, and D-glucuronic acid preparation on the granulocytic lineage hemopoiesis suppressed by cyclophosphamide or 5-fluorouracil. The effects hemostimulators against the background of 5-fluorouracil treatment were less pronounced that during cyclophosphamide treatment.
Zahed Reza - - 2013
Epistaxis is a common problem in the emergency department (ED). Sixty percent of people experience it at least once in their life. There are different kinds of treatment for epistaxis. This study intended to evaluate the topical use of injectable form of tranexamic acid vs anterior nasal packing with pledgets ...
El-Soud Walid Abu - - 2013
Seed germination and growth of seedlings are critical phases of plant life that are adversely affected by various environmental cues. Water availability is one of the main factors that limit the productivity of many crops. This study was conducted to assess the changes in the sensitivity of chickpea seedlings to ...
Magremanne Michèle - - 2013
Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a well-known side effect of bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. ONJ is specifically related to the intravenous form of BPs and is usually seen in combination with other risk factors, such as dental surgery, concurrent corticosteroids, chemotherapy, and tobacco use. The risk of developing ONJ in ...
Xia Ao - - 2013
The effects of pre-treatment methods on saccharification and hydrogen fermentation of Chlorella pyrenoidosa biomass were investigated. When raw biomass and biomass pre-treated by steam heating, by microwave heating, and by ultrasonication were used as feedstock, the hydrogen yields were only 8.8-12.7ml/g total volatile solids (TVS) during dark fermentation. When biomass ...
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