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Lam Sin Man SM Chinese Academy of Sciences, - - 2014
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a leading cause of evaporative dry eye and ocular discomfort characterized by an unstable tear film principally attributed to afflicted delivery of lipids to the ocular surface. Herein, we elucidated longitudinal tear lipid alterations associated with disease alleviation and symptom improvement in a cohort of ...
Martins Viviana V Centro de Investigação e de Tecnologias Agro-Ambientais e Biológicas (CITAB), Portugal; Grupo de Investigação em Biologia Vegetal Aplicada e Inovação Agroalimentar - Agrobioplant, Departamento de Biologia, Escola Ciências, Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga 4710-057, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Since the development of Bordeaux mixture in the late 1800's, copper-based fungicides have been widely used against grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) diseases, mainly in organic but also in conventional viticulture; however their intensive use has raised phytotoxicity concerns. In this study, the composition of grape berries and leaves upon Bordeaux ...
Igarashi Yasuhiro Y Department of Biotechnology and Biotechnology Research Center, Toyama Prefectural University , 5180 Kurokawa, Imizu , Toyama 939-0398 , - - 2014
Secondary metabolite phenotypes in nine species of the Hamigera clade were analysed to assess their correlations to a multi-gene species-level phylogeny. High-pressure-liquid-chromatography-based chemical analysis revealed three distinctive patterns of secondary metabolite production: (1) the nine species could be divided into two groups on the basis of production of the sesquiterpene ...
Hou Qingxi Q Tianjin Key Laboratory of Pulp & Paper, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the autohydrolysis pre-treatment prior to chemi-thermomechanical pulping (CTMP) process including the effects of autohydrolysis pretreatment with a lower severity on characteristics of the autohydrolysis liquor and hydrolyzed chips. The intensity of autohydrolysis, characterized by the severity factor, increased from 1.76 to 3.54, the hydrolyzed chips yield decreased ...
Faot Fernanda - - 2014
It is well known that the use of denture cleansers can reduce Candida albicans biofilm accumulation; however, the efficacy of citric acid denture cleansers is uncertain. In addition, the long-term efficacy of this denture cleanser is not well established, and their effect on residual biofilms is unknown. This in vitro ...
Wang Xingang X Department of Burns & Wound Care Center, 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, College of Medicine, Hangzhou 310009, - - 2014
Hydrofluoric acid (HF), a dangerous inorganic acid, can cause severe corrosive effects and systemic toxicity. HF enters the human body via where it contacts, such as skin and mucosa, alimentary and respiratory tracts, and ocular surfaces. In the recent years, the incidence of HF burn has tended to increase over ...
Abdel-Halim E S ES Petrochemical Research Chair, Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, P.O. Box 2455, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article describes the synthesis of an electrically conducting silver/guar gum/poly (acrylic acid) nanocomposite hydrogel. The synthesis process started with grafting acrylic acid monomers onto the natural polymer guar gum by use of ammonium persulphate as a free radical initiator in acid medium. Guar gum/poly(acrylic acid) graft copolymer was separated ...
Rino Pedro Bonifacio PB 1Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Hospital de Pediatría Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan, Buenos Aires, Argentina; 2Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 3Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 4Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Dana-Dwek Children Hospital, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel; and 5Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ichilov Hospital, University of Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
The purpose of reporting this series of patients is to illustrate the role of ascorbic acid in the treatment of severe acquired methemoglobinemia (metHb), especially when methylene blue is not available. Medical records of affected patients were reviewed to collect history of exposures, food ingestion, physical examination, pulse oximetry, blood ...
Bhatt Dhaval P DP Department of Basic Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, 501 North Columbia Road, Room 3742, Grand Forks, ND, 58203, - - 2014
Acetate supplementation increases plasma acetate, brain acetyl-CoA, histone acetylation, phosphocreatine levels, and is anti-inflammatory in models of neuroinflammation and neuroborreliosis. Although radiolabeled acetate is incorporated into the cellular lipid pools, the effect that acetate supplementation has on lipid deposition has not been quantified. To determine the impact acetate-treatment has on ...
Brown Hannah E HE Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
This article reviews the current literature addressing the treatment of schizophrenia with vitamin supplementation. It describes the important roles that vitamins play in normal metabolism, and reviews the evidence pertaining to vitamin deficiency and supplementation in patients with schizophrenia. There is mounting evidence suggesting that vitamin supplementation, in particular with ...
Ivosevic-Zaper Julijana J Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany - - 2014
Abstract Context: Anecdotic reports from Turkmenistan suggest an epilatory effect of sweet licorice extract after topical application. Objective: This study examines hair removal after topical application of glycyrrhizic acid, the main compound of sweet licorice. Materials and methods: An aqueous solution containing 15% of the ammonium salt of glycyrrhizic acid, ...
Zheng Xinhua X State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, - - 2014
To accelerate wine maturation, low frequency ultrasonic waves of 28kHz and 45kHz were used to treat the steeped greengage wine. The contents of total acid, total ester, fusel oils and the wine chromaticity were determined before and after the ultrasonic treatment. The volatile compounds were analysed by GC-MS method, and ...
Park Ji-Yeon JY Biomass and Waste Energy Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon 305-343, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hypochlorous acid treatment of a microalga, Chlorella vulgaris, was investigated to improve the quality of microalgal lipid and to obtain high biodiesel-conversion yield. Because chlorophyll deactivates the catalyst for biodiesel conversion, its removal in the lipid-extraction step enhances biodiesel productivity. When microalgae contacted the hypochlorous acid, chlorophyll was removed, and ...
Alejandro Serguei S Laboratorio de Tecnologías Limpias (F. Ingeniería), Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Alonso de Ribera 2850, Concepción, Chile; Núcleo de Energías Renovables (F. Ingeniería), Universidad Católica de Temuco, Rudecindo Ortega 02950, Temuco, - - 2014
In this study, the effect of zeolite chemical surface characteristics on the oxidative regeneration of toluene saturated-zeolite samples is investigated. A Chilean natural zeolite (53% clinoptilolite, 40% mordenite and 7% quartz) was chemically modified by acid treatment with hydrochloric acid and by ion-exchange with ammonium sulphate. Thermal pre-treatments at 623 ...
Lou Shyi-Neng SN Department of Food Science, National Ilan University, 260 Ilan, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hot water extract of immature calamondin peel contains high total phenolic content, which shows significant correlation to DPPH scavenging potency. By heat treatment, the extraction yields of naringin, tangeretin, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid and gallic acid increased, but the amount of 3',5'-di-C-β-glucopyranosylphloretin (DGPP) decreased drastically. The major soluble phenolic compounds ...
West Allyson A - - 2014
The lacto-ovo-vegetarian (LOV) dietary regimen allows eggs, which are a rich source of choline. Consumption of eggs by LOV women may be especially important during pregnancy and lactation when demand for choline is high. The aim of this single blind, randomized, crossover-feeding study was to determine how near-daily egg consumption influenced biomarkers ...
Jin Peng P College of Food Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR - - 2014
The effects of postharvest oxalic acid (OA) treatment on chilling injury, energy metabolism and membrane fatty acid content in 'Baifeng' peach fruit stored at 0°C were investigated. Internal browning was significantly reduced by OA treatment in peaches. OA treatment markedly inhibited the increase of ion leakage and the accumulation of ...
Phan Thi Lan-Anh LA Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71 Chou-Shan Rd., Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is a recalcitrant organic pollutant in wastewater because of its wide range of applications. Technologies for PFOA treatment have recently been developed. In this study, PFOA decomposition by sonochemical treatment was investigated to determine the effects of NaHCO3 concentrations, N2 saturation, and pH on decomposition rates and ...
Cui Qingya Q aThe Department of Hematology, PLA 100th Hospital bJiangsu Institute of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Key Lab of Thrombosis and Hemostasis of Ministry of Health, Suzhou, - - 2014
Chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation is a rare complication of aortic dissection. Surgical correction or low molecular weight heparin is treatment of choice, but for a severe bleeding problem due to excessive fibrinolysis, para-aminomethylbenzoic acid would be a simple and effective therapeutic approach.
Luyasu S - - 2014
High anion gap metabolic acidosis due to pyroglutamic acid (5-oxoproline) is a rare complication of acetaminophen treatment (which depletes glutathione stores) and is often associated with clinically moderate to severe encephalopathy. Acquired 5-oxoprolinase deficiency (penicillins) or the presence of other risk factors of glutathione depletion such as malnutrition or sepsis ...
Giménez María José MJ Department of Food Technology, EPSO, University Miguel Hernández, Ctra. Beniel km. 3.2, 03312 Orihuela, Alicante, - - 2014
The effects of salicylic acid (SA) or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) treatments during on-tree cherry growth and ripening on fruit quality attributes, especially those related with the content on bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity were analysed in this research. For this purpose, two sweet cherry cultivars, 'Sweet Heart' and 'Sweet Late', ...
Martínez-Esplá Alejandra - - 2014
Trees of 'Sweet Heart' and 'Sweet Late' sweet cherry cultivars (Prunus avium L.) were treated with oxalic acid (OA) at 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mM after 98, 112 and 126 days after full blossom. Results showed that all treatments increased fruit size at harvest, manifested by higher fruit volume and ...
Burns-Whitmore Bonny - - 2014
Plant and marine n-3 fatty acids (FA) may favorably modify select markers of cardiovascular disease risk. Whether supplementing the habitual diet of lacto-ovo-vegetarians (LOV) with walnuts (containing alpha-linolenic acid, ALA) and n-3 FA enriched eggs (containing primarily docosahexaenoic acid, DHA and ALA) would have equivalent effects on CVD risk factors ...
Moukha-Chafiq Omar - - 2014
A small library of ninety four uridine antibiotic analogs was synthesized, under the Pilot Scale Library (PSL) Program of the NIH Roadmap initiative, from amine 2 and carboxylic acids 33 and 77 in solution-phase fashion. Diverse aldehyde, sulfonyl chloride, and carboxylic acid reactant sets were condensed to 2, leading after ...
Guo Binjie B Laboratory of Molecular Recognition and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310027, Zhejiang, P. R. China. - - 2014
A method using quinidine and optically active binol-derived phosphoric acid as a cocatalyst to catalyze the asymmetric semipinacol rearrangement of 2,3-allenols forming optically active 3-bromo-3-enals that contain an all-carbon quaternary stereocenter has been developed. After some further treatments, the products with practical enantiomeric purity could be prepared.
Liu Huan H Key Laboratory of Food Colloids and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the influence of thermal-acid treatment on the formation of resistant starch (RS). The maximum RS content in citric acid-heat treated starches (CAHT) reached 36.55%, which was 7 times higher of that in native starch. According to HPSEC-MALLS-RI analysis, amylopectin was more susceptible ...
Nishijima Wataru W Environmental Research and Management Center, Hiroshima University, 1-5-3 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8513, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cleaning-in-Place (CIP) in the beverage industry is typically carried out in production lines with alkaline and acidic solutions with detergents. This cleaning not only produces alkaline and acidic wastewater with detergents but also takes significant time. One of the important targets for CIP is adsorbed odorous compounds on gaskets, hence, ...
Chiesa S S Bioenergy and Energy Planning Research Group (BPE), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present work, two pretreatment techniques using either dilute acid (H2SO4) or dilute alkali (NaOH) have been compared for producing bioethanol from Empty Fruit Bunches (EFBs) from oil palm tree, a relevant feedstock for tropical countries. Treatments' performances under different conditions have been assessed and statistically optimized with respect ...
Li Qingjiang Q Department of Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University , 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United - - 2014
A carefully designed three-step unsaturation of carboxylic acids is described. Briefly, carboxylic acids were converted to the trifluoromethyl ketone. Subsequent treatment with selenium dioxide followed by hydrolysis afforded α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids. The mechanism of the reported transformation was investigated, which led us to propose a novel explanation featuring selenium dioxide ...
Viljanen Kaarina K VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT, - - 2014
The impact of bioprocessing on lingonberry flavour was studied by sensory evaluation and chemical analysis (organic acids, mannitol, phenolic compounds, sugars and volatile compounds). Bioprocessing of lingonberries with enzymes, lactic acid bacteria (LAB) or yeast, or their combination (excluding pure LAB fermentation) affected their perceived flavour and chemical composition. Sweetness ...
Yuyama Miki - - 2014
Valproic acid (VPA), a short-chain fatty acid that is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, is known to suppress adipogenesis. In this study, we identified the molecular mechanism of VPA-mediated suppression of adipogenesis in adipocytes. VPA suppressed the accumulation of intracellular triglycerides. The expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ and ...
Taltavull Núria - - 2014
Marine polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been associated with improvement in the Metabolic Syndrome (MS). The aim of this study is to evaluate how three fish-oil diets with different eicosapentaenoic acid /docosahexaenoic acid ratios (EPA/DHA ratio) affect the histology of liver, kidney, adipose tissue ...
Kalita Suravi S Department of Zoology, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793 022, - - 2014
Chlorambucil is an anticancer drug with alkylating and immunosuppressive activities. Considering various reports on the possible antioxidant/protective functions of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), it was aimed at to explore the modulatory effect of ascorbic acid on therapeutic efficacy and toxicity induced by chlorambucil. Dalton's ascites lymphoma tumor serially maintained in ...
Nezamidoust M M Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, - - 2014
Sulphur-containing amino acids (SAA) are essential and usually the first limiting amino acids for growth, milk and wool production. The keratin fibre that grows from epidermal tissue is rich in SAA. The rate of fibre growth and its S content are influenced by the availability of SAA. Betaine is a ...
Barragán Eduardo - - 2014
Objective: To compare efficacy of Omega-3/6 fatty acids (Equazen eye q™) with methylphenidate (MPH) and combined MPH + Omega-3/6 in children with ADHD. Method: Participants (N = 90) were randomized to Omega-3/6, long-acting MPH, or combination for 12 months. ADHD symptoms were assessed using the ADHD Rating Scale and Clinical ...
Cao Ming-Kai - - 2014
A specific range of methyl ketones contribute to the distinctive flavor of traditional blue cheeses. These ketones are metabolites of lipid metabolism by Penicillium mold added to cheese for this purpose. Two processes, namely the homogenization of milkfat and the addition of exogenous lipase enzymes, are historically applied measures to ...
Li Yingying - - 2014
L-valine solutions in water and phosphate buffer were treated with non-thermal plasma generated by using a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) device and the products generated after plasma treatments were characterized by 1H NMR and GC-MS. Our results demonstrate that L-valine is decomposed to acetone, formic acid, acetic acid, threo-methylaspartic acid, ...
van der Bij Hendrik E HE Inorganic Chemistry and Catalysis, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG, Utrecht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
In order to elucidate phosphorus-zeolite H-ZSM-5 interactions, a variety of phosphorus-modified zeolite H-ZSM-5 materials were studied in a multi-spectroscopic manner. By deploying single pulse (27)Al, (31)P MAS NMR, 2D heteronuclear (27)Al-(31)P correlation (HETCOR), (27)Al MQ MAS NMR spectroscopy, TPD of pyridine monitored by FT-IR spectroscopy, and Scanning Transmission X-ray Microscopy ...
Ogata Fumihiko F Faculty of Pharmacy, Kinki - - 2014
In this study, waste edible oil was prepared by both heat and aeration treatment, and the increasing inhibitive effect of tocopherol treatment on the acid value (AV) and carbonyl value (CV) of the oil was investigated. The AV and CV of waste edible oil treated with tocopherol were 0.1-1.0% lower ...
Glauser Melanie M Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Service de Biomédecine, Hôpital Beaumont, Av de Beaumont 29, CH-1011 Lausanne, - - 2014
Total (i.e. free+sulfated) metanephrines in plasma is a biomarker for the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma. Sulfated metanephrines must be completely deconjugated by perchloric acid hydrolysis or sulfatase treatment prior to analytical measurement to enable quantification by current techniques. In this report we compare the yield and efficiency of both methods. Deconjugation ...
Yi Wei G - - 2014
The effects of microwave irradiation, microwave enhanced advanced oxidation process (MW/H2O2-AOP), ultrasonic and/or protease enzymatic treatments on chemical and physical properties of waste-activated sludge were studied. The different treatment mechanisms resulted in various degrees of biomass cell destruction and nutrient release, as evidenced by transformation of chemical constituents, particle size ...
Akiyama Kousuke K School of Agriculture, Tokai - - 2014
Three new acylated methyl glycosides and two new acylated glycosidic acid methyl esters were isolated after treatment of the crude ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction from seeds of Quamoclit pennata BOJER (Convolvulaceae) with indium(III) chloride in methanol. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical conversions.
Morey Amit A Dept. of Food Science and Agriculture, Dept. of Poultry Science, and Faculty of College of Agriculture, Auburn Univ., Auburn, Ala. 36849, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate anti-listerial efficacy of salts of organic acids, and their impact on the quality of frankfurters. Beef frankfurters were manufactured by incorporating organic acids in 5 different combinations: (1) control (no marinade addition; C); (2) sodium lactate (2% wt/wt; SL); (3) potassium lactate ...
Xi Y M YM Institute of Dairy Science, College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Weigang, Nanjing, - - 2014
We investigated the effect of phytosterols on rumen fermentation in vitro using gas syringes as incubators. Phytosterols were dissolved in ethyl acetate (8.3%) and added at various concentrations to the common diet in rumen fluid. In vitro gas production (GP) was recorded after 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h ...
Eckroth Jared R JR Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
In the present study, our aim was to compare physiological and behavioural responses to different noxious stimuli to those of a standardized innocuous stimulus, to possibly identify aversive responses indicative of injury detection in a commercially important marine teleost fish, the Atlantic cod. Individual fish were administered with a noxious ...
Thompson Hannah Katherine HK Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, New Town Research Laboratories, University of Tasmania, 13 St. Johns' Avenue, TAS 7008, - - 2014
Prior studies have shown that applications of the synthetic auxin 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) to the foliage of potato plants can reduce common scab. Here field and glasshouse trials suggest that 2,4-D foliar treatments may also reduce the biologically distinct tuber disease, powdery scab. Significant correlations between suppression of common and ...
Ono Masateru M School of Agriculture, Tokai - - 2014
Four new acylated glycosidic acid methyl esters were isolated after treatment of the crude ether-insoluble resin glycoside (convolvulin) fraction obtained from the seeds of Quamoclit pennata BOJER (Convolvulaceae) with indium(III) chloride in methanol. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical conversions.
Balagué Nicolas N Service of Orthopedic Surgery, Unit of Hand Surgery University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, - - 2014
Cutaneous warts are very common and a large variety of topical treatments and drugs can be employed to cure these skin injuries that can arise on any part of the body. But are these products really safe? We performed a case description and PubMed literature review using key words "wart," ...
Ruffing Anne M AM Department of Bioenergy and Defense Technologies, Sandia National Laboratories , Albuquerque, NM , - - 2014
Microbial free fatty acids (FFAs) have been proposed as a potential feedstock for renewable energy. The ability to directly convert carbon dioxide into FFAs makes cyanobacteria ideal hosts for renewable FFA production. Previous metabolic engineering efforts using the cyanobacterial hosts Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 and Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 have ...
Lambert Joanna E JE Department of Anthropology, The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Exclusive frugivory is rare. As a food resource, fruit is temporally and spatially patchy, low in protein, and variable in terms of energy yield from different carbohydrate types. Here, we evaluate the digestive physiology of two frugivorous Carnivora species (Potos flavus, Arctictis binturong) that converge with primates in a diversity ...
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