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Results 351 - 400 of 1641
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Wang Ting - - 2007
A new spectrofluorimetric method was developed for the determination of trace amounts of bile acid (BA). Using europium ion (Eu(3+))-doxycycline (DC) as a fluorescent probe, in a buffer solution of pH=7.0, BA can remarkably reduce the fluorescence intensity of the DC-Eu(3+) complex at lambda=612 nm; the reduced fluorescence intensity of ...
Yang Ping - - 2007
A novel CL method for the determination of tannic acid (TA) was established based on TA inhibition of the chemiluminescence (CL) emission of the luminol-hydrogen peroxide CL system catalysed by tetrasulphonated manganese phthalocyanine (MnTSPc) under alkaline conditions. The peak height is proportional to the natural logarithm of concentration of TA ...
Gouveia-Oliveira Rodrigo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Some amino acid residues functionally interact with each other. This interaction will result in an evolutionary co-variation between these residues - coevolution. Our goal is to find these coevolving residues. RESULTS: We present six new methods for detecting coevolving residues. Among other things, we suggest measures that are variants ...
Sun Ying-Xue - - 2007
The ion chromatography combined solid phase extraction (SPE) method was developed for the analysis of low concentration haloacetic acids (HAAs), a class of disinfection by-products formed from chlorination of hospital wastewater. The monitored HAAs included monochloroacetic acid, monobromoacetic acid, dichloroacetic acid, dibromoacetic acid and trichloroacetic acid. The method employed a ...
Corso Gaetano - - 2007
A new method to analyze free amino acids using desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) has been implemented. The method is based on the neutral loss mode determination of underivatized amino acids using a tandem quadrupole mass spectrometer equipped with an unmodified atmospheric interface. Qualitative and quantitative optimization of DESI parameters, including ...
Abdel-Hamid Mohammed - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to develop a specific and validated tandem mass spectrometric (MS/MS) method for screening of amino acidopathies, organic acidurias, urea cycle disorders and fatty acid oxidation defects in Kuwaiti newborns and sick infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,520 blood samples were tested ...
Huang Ting-Lin - - 2007
A new method (NMM, using acetic acid fiber filter and 90% ethanol) was established to determine chlorophyll in freshwater algae, and it was compared with US standard method (USM, using glass fiber filter and 90% acetone) and the method recommend by EPA of China (CHM, using acetic acid fiber filter ...
Pettinella Caterina - - 2007
The quantitative analysis of fatty acid composition in atherosclerotic plaques provides a way to monitor the underlying etiology of atherosclerosis. Previously, the method of choice for analyzing fatty acids in biological samples was gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS); however, recent developments in electrospray ionization (ESI)/liquid chromatography (LC)/tandem mass spectrometry have made ...
Chi George T - - 2007
The Fenton oxidation process is one of the most widely used technologies in the oxidation of organic pollutants. The identification and quantification of end products of these oxidation processes is of prime importance due to environmental concerns of pollution and toxicity. In this work, we have developed a highly sensitive, ...
Foyle Thomas - - 2007
To determine the overall efficiency of processes designed to convert lignocellulosic polysaccharides to ethanol, it is first necessary to determine the composition of the lignocellulosic substrates. Three standard methods routinely referenced in the literature for this purpose are monoethanolamine, trifluoroacetic acid and concentrated sulphuric acid-based methods. However, in the course ...
Kac Javor - - 2007
A new HPLC method with coulometric detection for the quantification of xanthohumol, alpha-acids and beta-acids in hops was developed. The separation of compounds was accomplished with a C18 column and isocratic elution with methanol: 50 mM potassium phosphate: ortho-phosphoric acid=80:20:0.25 (v/v/v). The method was validated and UV and electrochemical detectors ...
Käkölä Jaana - - 2007
The versatile characterization of organic material and especially of the significant aliphatic hydroxy acids in black liquor is of great importance, for example, in monitoring the progress of the kraft pulping process. This paper describes a simple high-performance liquid chromatographic separation method with atmospheric-pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-APCI-MS) which ...
Laamanen Pirkko-Leena - - 2007
A capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method for analyzing 11 chelating agents [beta-alaninediacetic acid (beta-ADA), trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (CDTA), diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), N-(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine-N,N',N'-triacetic acid (HEDTA), N-(2-hydroxyethyl)iminodiacetic acid (HEIDA), iminodiacetic acid (IDA), methylglycinediacetic acid (MGDA), nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), 1,3-diaminopropane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (PDTA) and triethylenetetraaminehexaacetic acid (TTHA)] as negatively charged copper(II) complexes ...
Croxton Ruth S - - 2006
Latent fingerprint residue is a complex mixture of organic and inorganic compounds. A full understanding of the composition of this mixture and how it changes after deposition is lacking. Three solvent systems were compared for the simultaneous extraction and derivatization with ethyl chloroformate of selected amino and fatty acids from ...
Zhao Guohua - - 2007
A method based on hollow fiber supported liquid membrane extraction coupled with a gas chromatograph equipped with flame ionization detector (GC-FID) was developed for the determination of six short-chain fatty acids including acetic acid, propionic acid, i-butyric acid, n-butyric acid, i-valeric acid and n-valeric acid in serum. Hollow fiber supported ...
Clarke Gerard - - 2007
The amino acid neurotransmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate have been implicated in mood disorders and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is an important method in their quantitation. This paper describes a method which employs either electrochemical or fluorescent detection of the amino acid derivatives formed by a reaction with ...
Hsu Yu-Mei - - 2007
Strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid were identified as a 'known human carcinogen' in a National Toxicology Program (NTP) report where phosphate fertilizer manufacture was listed as one of many occupational exposures to strong acids. To properly assess the occupational exposure to sulfuric acid mists in modern facilities, approved ...
da Silva Gabriel - - 2006
We present an ab initio procedure for accurately calculating aqueous-phase pKa values and apply it to study the acidity of nitrous acid (HNO2, or HONO). The aqueous-phase pK(a) of nitrous acid was obtained from calculated gas-phase acidities and solvation free energies via a thermodynamic cycle and the solvation model chemistry ...
Ming Mei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the merit of four digestive methods (nitric acid plus hydrogen peroxide, proteinase K, nitric acid in Disorganization Can and Soluene-350) for extracting diatoms in order to choose the best digestive method for the diagnosis of drowning. METHODS: Liver, kidney and bone marrow of rabbits were minced and ...
Liu Yi - - 2006
Radix hedysari is not only a restorative food but also a famous Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, a simple, reliable, and reproducible high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet method was developed for the first time to determine the true contents of five major flavoniods, naringenin-7-O-alpha-L-rhamanopyranosyl-(1-->2)-beta-d-glucopyranoside, ononin, formononetin, medicarpin, and an unstable flavonoid ...
Wang Li - - 2007
The acid-base properties of mononitro-calix[4]arene was studied with chemometric methods by measurement of its UV absorbance under different pH. The chemometric method-iterative target transformation factor (ITTFA) was employed to resolve the acid-base fraction curves. Combining with other chemometric methods-principal component analysis (PCA) and evolving factor analysis (EFA), the proton dissociation ...
Tedetti Marc - - 2006
We report a new method developed for the isolation and determination of low molecular weight dicarboxylic acids and related polar compounds (C2-C9) from seawater samples. The seawater sample was first acidified and then passed through an activated charcoal column to adsorb the dicarboxylic acids. They are then desorbed with NH4OH/methanol/water ...
Hakoda Akiko - - 2006
An interlaboratory study was performed to evaluate the method for determining the acid value of instant noodles, based on the Japanese Agricultural Standard (JAS), with extraction of lipid using petroleum ether at a volume of 100 mL to the test portion of 25 g. Thirteen laboratories participated and analyzed 5 ...
Liang Yao-Dong - - 2006
An electrochemiluminescence (ECL) based on energy transfer from electro-generated triplet sulfur dioxide to pipemidic acid (PPA) was studied. A weak ECL from triplet sulfur dioxide (3)SO2 * was observed when sulfite was electrochemically oxidized in sulfuric acid solution on a Pt electrode. When PPA was present, the weak ECL was ...
Zhao Guohua - - 2006
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) have attracted much attention recently because of their positive physiological effects. In this work, a rapid and reliable gas chromatographic method for determination of eight SCFAs, in colonic and faecal samples from rats and humans has been developed and validated. The methodology involves extraction of the ...
Gandía-Herrero Fernando - - 2006
A method for the analytical and semi-preparative chromatographic purification of betaxanthins is described together with an improved procedure for the semi-synthesis of these compounds from betalamic acid. Standard conditions for obtaining preparative amounts of betaxanthins free of the precursor amino acids are provided. Following this procedure, 14 pure betaxanthins were ...
Li Hongxia - - 2006
Serum levels of total glycerides and free glycerol are important indices of lipid metabolism and cardiovascular disease risk. Convenient enzymatic methods of measurement have been available, but they are susceptible to interference. Situations exist in both research and clinical laboratories in which more specific and precise methods are needed. We ...
Timotheou-Potamia Meropi - - 2007
Vanillin, ethylvanillin and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzylalcohol have been found to chemiluminesce by the action of potassium permanganate in sulphuric or polyphosphoric acid media. Both acid media have been compared and sulphuric acid allows the sensitive determination of 0.15-10.0, 0.010-1.0 and 0.0030-0.30microg mL(-1) of vanillin, ethylvanillin and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzylalcohol with limits of detection equal ...
Wang Lili - - 2006
A novel solid-phase extraction element combined with thermal desorption-gas chromatography (TD-GC) using a pyrolysis-GC system was applied for the determination of the five preservatives - benzoic acid, sorbic acid, and methyl, ethyl and propyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid - in soft drinks, yogurts and sauces. The extraction element is made ...
Ran Xiaorong - - 2006
A simple, rapid, and specific analytical method for simultaneous determination of geniposide, baicalin, cholic acid and hyodeoxycholic acid in 50 microL samples of rat serum was developed by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The quantification of the target compounds was determined by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode using electrospray ...
Neves A I Pimentel - - 2007
A new method is proposed for the chemiluminescent determination of the pesticide 3-indolyl acetic acid by means of an flow injection analysis system. The chemiluminescence emission is obtained by oxidation of the analyte with Ce (IV) in nitric acid and presence of beta-cyclodextrine. The continuous-flow method allows the determination of ...
Liu Jinshui - - 2006
The interaction of poly(diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride) (PDDA) with dodecyl benzene sulfonic acid sodium (DBS) has been studied by fluorescence spectra. The fluorescence of DBS can be greatly enhanced by addition of PDDA, owing to the interaction between PDDA and DBS. The enhancement intensity of fluorescence was proportional to the concentration ...
Bertolino Franco A - - 2006
A simple, accurate, sensitive and selective method was described for rapid determination of ultra-trace quantities of selenium. Selenium(IV) was collected on activated carbon (AC) after reduction to elemental Se by l-ascorbic acid. The collected selenium was then dissolved by oxidation reaction with bromate in acidic media and was indirectly determined ...
Jalbani Nusrat - - 2006
A sample preparation method based on ultrasound-assisted pseudo-digestion of Al from Juices and soft drink samples under ultrasonic effect has been described. A Plackett-Burman experimental design was used as a multivariate strategy for the evaluation of the effects of varying several variables at once. The effects of five different variables ...
Chiacchierini E - - 2006
Bioactive amines are organic bases originating from corresponding amino acid which have undergone decarboxylation by putrefactive bacteria or lactic acid bacteria. When formed by microbial enzymatic decarboxylation of amino acids, they are called " biogenic" and can produce detrimental effects on human health. Many techniques have been developed for extraction ...
Naval M V - - 2006
The present research describes a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method that allows the determination of several amino acids in primary cultured cortical neurons of rats. The concentration of amino acids was determined by using pre-column derivatization with dansyl chloride and UV-diode array detection. Data show that Panax ginseng radix ...
Alarfaj Nawal A - - 2006
A rapid and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) method using flow-injection (FI) has been developed for the determination of a second generation cephalosporin, cefprozil. The method is based on the CL reaction of cefprozil with acidic potassium permanganate and tris (2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium (II), Ru (bipy)3(2+). The CL intensity is greatly enhanced when ...
Dong Chunzhou - - 2006
A facile headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) procedure using 85 microm polyacrylate (PA) fiber is presented for the simultaneous determination of preservatives (sorbic and benzoic acids) in food dressing, including Thousand Island Dressing, HellMANN'S Salad Dressing and Tomato Ketchup, by gas chromatography (GC) with flame ionization detector (FID). The method presented ...
Dhalwal Kamlesh - - 2006
Whole plant of Phyllanthus amarus Linn. is a reputed drug of the Indian systems of medicine that is used as hepatoprotective agent. A simple high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) densitometric method has been developed for the simultaneous quantitation of phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin, gallic acid, and ellagic acid in the whole plant of ...
Li Quan-Min - - 2007
A new method has been established for the determination of aminomethylbenzoic acid using sodium 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonate as the chemical derivative chromogenic reagent. This method is based on the formation of a pink compound from the reaction of aminomethylbenzoic acid and sodium 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonate. The nucleophilic substitution reaction proceeds quantitatively in pH 12.0 ...
Pan L - - 2006
The quality of raw materials used in a synthetic process needs to be properly controlled in order to ensure optimal reaction conversion and desired quality of the resulting product. For air and water sensitive raw materials, quantitative analysis can be a challenging task. Spectroscopic techniques possess advantages of simple operation, ...
Pan Xiaoping - - 2006
A simple, sensitive LC-ESI-MS method was optimized for quantitative analysis of octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) in environmental samples. Under negative ionization mode, HMX can form adduct ions with various organic acids and salts, including acetic acid, formic acid, propionic acid, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, sodium nitrite, and sodium nitrate. Acetic acid was ...
Mester Zoltán - - 2006
A new selenized yeast reference material (SELM-1) produced by the Institute for National Measurement Standards, National Research Council of Canada (INMS, NRC) certified for total selenium (2,059+/-64 mg kg(-1)), methionine (Met, 5,758+/-277 mg kg(-1)) and selenomethionine (SeMet, 3,431+/-157 mg kg(-1)) content is described. The +/-value represents an expanded uncertainty with ...
Schrader H - - 2006
Theory and experiment of photon-photon coincidence counting with distance variation for activity standardisation of radionuclide solutions are described. The activity of an I-125 solution from an international comparison organised by the BIPM in 2004 was determined. The value obtained agrees with other methods within a limit of 0.2%. The extension ...
Ranganathan S - - 2006
The National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad has developed double fortified salt (DFS) containing both iodine and iron to control the twin problems of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). When the iodine content of DFS was estimated by the conventional iodometric titration using sulphuric acid (H(2)SO(4)), ...
Yekkala Raja - - 2006
The estimation of chronological age in cadavers, human remains and in living human beings by various methods is discussed. These methods, which are based on the age dependent non-enzymatic changes of l-form amino acids to d-form amino acids, mainly aspartic acid, are among the most reliable and accurate methods to ...
Ranz A - - 2006
In the present study, a derivatization method for the determination of acidic herbicides has been investigated. This procedure involves the methylation with the quaternary ammonium salt trimethylanilinium hydroxide (TMAH) directly in the gas chromatographic auto-sampler vial for analysis by gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. The derivatization reaction has been ...
Li Baozhi - - 2006
A new method has been established to convert triptolide (1) into tripchlorolide (2) directly in the Chinese herbal drug Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. and the influences of reaction times and pH values have been investigated. It was found that 1 could be most efficiently converted into 2 using a hydrochloric ...
Li Qing - - 2006
A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for the first time to quantify simultaneously the six major active ingredients in Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms, namely protocatechuic acid, syringin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, liriodendrin and isofraxidin. The analysis was performed by a reverse phase gradient elution with ...
Uematsu Yoko - - 2006
A simple method for the determination of magnesium stearate in capsule- or tablet-type supplements was developed. Free stearic acid in the sample was removed by extraction with tetrahydrofuran. The remaining stearate was converted to stearic acid by reaction with a cation-exchange resin. The resulting stearic acid was determined by gas ...
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