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Results 251 - 300 of 1630
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Bernal J L - - 2008
A method using supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) for obtaining the amino acid profiles of genetically modified maize and soybean is proposed. SFE is carried out in a homemade modular system where amino acids are extracted with carbon dioxide modified with 35% of methanol, in conditions ...
Zhang Guang-Ya - - 2008
Predicting the cofactors of oxidoreductases plays an important role in inferring their catalytic mechanism. Feature extraction is a critical part in the prediction systems, requiring raw sequence data to be transformed into appropriate numerical feature vectors while minimizing information loss. In this paper, we present an amino acid composition distribution ...
Perez Jose L - - 2008
Grapefruits were found to contain D-glucaric acid, which has anticancer properties. In the present investigation, a method has been developed for the quantification of D-glucaric acid in grapefruit by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) using a simple isocratic mobile phase with detection at 210 nm. Grapefruit samples were homogenized, centrifuged and ...
Aguilera Angeles - - 2008
The efficiency of five extraction methods for extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) was compared on three benthic eukaryotic biofilms isolated from an extreme acidic river, Río Tinto (SW, Spain). Three chemical methods (MilliQ water, NaCl, and ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid [EDTA]) and two physical methods (Dowex 50.8 and Crown Ether cation exchange ...
Juárez M - - 2008
Four different extraction-derivatization methods commonly used for fatty acid analysis in meat (in situ or one-step method, saponification method, classic method and a combination of classic extraction and saponification derivatization) were tested. The in situ method had low recovery and variation. The saponification method showed the best balance between recovery, ...
Wang Baoxing - - 2008
A method for simultaneous determination of seven nonvolatile organic acids (NVOAs), five semivolatile organic acids (SVOAs), and twelve volatile organic acids (VOAs) in tobacco by synchronous SIM (Selected Ion Monitoring)-scan mode GC-MS was developed. The collection of NVOAs and SVOAs data was performed in full-scan mode, and that of VOAs ...
Ranz Andreas - - 2008
In the present study, the preparation of methyl esters of chlorophenoxy acids with trimethylsilyldiazomethane (TMSD) is reported. TMSD is a mild and safe alternative to the highly toxic, thermally labile, and explosive diazomethane. Due to the novelty of this method, the characteristics of the reaction were investigated and the derivatization ...
Werker Alan - - 2008
An extraction and derivatization method was developed for more environmentally friendly routine quantification of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) in activated sludge biomass by gas chromatography (GC). This method can be further applied to assess relative changes in biomass carbohydrate levels relating to, for example, glycogen or extracellular polysaccharides. Further, co-extracted principal membrane ...
McGraw Robert - - 2008
Recent kinetic extensions of the nucleation theorem suggest that the logarithm of the steady-state nucleation rate has strong multilinear dependence on the log concentrations of condensable species present in the vapor phase. A further remarkable result is that the coefficients of this linear dependency provide a direct determination of the ...
Chen Jianchi - - 2008
Xylella fastidiosa, the causal agent of almond leaf scorch disease (ALSD), is currently re-emerging as a serious concern in California. Efficient pathogen detection is critical for ALSD epidemiological studies, particularly when a large sample size is involved. We here report a PCR procedure to detect X. fastidiosa directly from infected ...
Ishida Yuji - - 2008
We have conducted a study to compare various preparation methods, including a certain number of new methods, to find which ones are best suited to the morphological evaluation of nerve fibers in the pyramidal tract of the human medulla oblongata. Our main concern was to find fixation and staining methods ...
Urakova Irina N - - 2008
Two chromatographic methods, high-performance TLC (HPTLC) and HPLC, were developed and used for separation and quantitative determination of chlorogenic acid in green coffee bean extracts. For HPTLC silica gel Kieselgel 60 F 254 plates with ethyl acetate/dichlormethane/formic acid/acetic acid/water (100:25:10:10:11, v/v/v/v/v) as mobile phase were used. Densitometric determination of chlorogenic ...
Eriksson Kåre - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to develop a sensitive and specific method for quantifying dermal exposure to the resin acids 7-oxodehydroabietic acid (7-OXO), dehydroabietic acid (DHAA), abietic acid (AA), and pimaric acid (PA). In addition the method was evaluated in occupational settings during production of wood pellets. Tape-strips were ...
Sovic David M - - 2008
A sensitive, rapid, and reliable method for measuring D-glucose and D-galactose levels in glycoconjugates has been developed. In this method, the NAD(P)H produced from the enzymatic oxidation of the monosaccharides is reacted with a CuSO4-bathocuproinedisulfonic acid reagent (Cu-BCS) to produce a color complex absorbing maximally at 486 nm. With galactose ...
Jiao Long - - 2008
The application of continues wavelet transform (CWT) for resolving overlapping peaks from capillary electrophoresis (CE) is described. Overlapping peaks can be resolved easily by transforming experimental signals into their wavelet coefficients. The proposed method was applied for the determination of benzoic acid and salicylic acid in overlapping peaks from CE. ...
Li Yuan Fang - - 2008
A rapid and sensitive method for the determination of proteins is proposed with a coupled reagent of o-phthalaldehyde and sulfanilic acid by measuring the light scattering (LS) signals with a common spectrofluorometer. Mechanism investigations showed that o-phthalaldehyde couples at first with sulfanilic acid with fast speed and forms a new ...
Zhai Qing-Zhou - - 2008
A novel method is proposed for the determination of trace amount of oxalic acid in the present article. In 1.0M hydrochloric acid medium, oxalic acid can react with the zirconium(IV) in Zr(IV)-(DBS-arsenazo) complex and replaces the DBS-arsenazo to produce a hyperchromic effect at 520 nm. The hyperchromic degree is proportional ...
Wang Z Y - - 2008
Experiments were conducted to compare endogenous amino acid losses and the true amino acid availability (TAAA) of 3 feedstuffs by using methods involving a short-term fasting and an N-free diet with cecectomized ganders. Diets were formulated to contain soybean meal, fish meal, and cottonseed meal as the sole source of ...
Grant Michael A - - 2008
Two strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 were spiked into six varieties of produce at approximately 0.5 CFU g(-1). Samples were enriched by using the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Bacteriological Analytical Manual (BAM) method and by using an experimental method incorporating acid shock. Target colonies were detectable on selective ...
BrzeziƄska Elzbieta - - 2008
A number of physicochemical parameters were calculated via semi-empirical methods AM1 and PM3 for the molecule of riboflavin at various protonation states. Their analysis made it possible to determine the acidicity of appropriate groups of this compound. The sequence of protons dissociation and accepting by the neutral molecule of riboflavin ...
Liu Bin - - 2008
The hydroxyl radical (*OH) plays a central role in the oxidation and removal of many atmospheric compounds. Measurement of atmospheric *OH is very difficult because of its high reactivity and low atmospheric abundance. In this article, a simple and highly sensitive method, high performance liquid chromatography coupled with coulometric detection ...
la Marca Giancarlo - - 2008
In expanded newborn screening programs by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry false negatives for tyrosinemia type I are a significant problem. We describe a method for inclusion of succinylacetone in order to avoid false negatives. We studied spots from 13,000 neonates born in Tuscany (January-May 2007) and ten spots from six ...
Forcat Silvia - - 2008
We describe an efficient method for the rapid quantitative determination of the abundance of three acidic plant hormones from a single crude extract directly by LC/MS/MS. The method exploits the sensitivity of MS and uses multiple reaction monitoring and isotopically labelled samples to quantify the phytohormones abscisic acid, jasmonic acid ...
Codoñer Francisco M - - 2008
Non-independent evolution of amino acid sites has become a noticeable limitation of most methods aimed at identifying selective constraints at functionally important amino acid sites or protein regions. The need for a generalised framework to account for non-independence of amino acid sites has fuelled the design and development of new ...
Ni Hui - - 2008
Optimization of a process for extracting astaxanthin from Phaffia rhodozyma by acidic method was investigated, regarding several extraction factors such as acids, organic solvents, temperature and time. Fractional factorial design, central composite design and response surface methodology were used to derive a statistically optimal model, which corresponded to the following ...
Díez C - - 2008
Nearly 40 herbicides, commonly used for barley, were selected for analysis in soils of this crop. The primary objective was to develop a multiresidue method taking into account that herbicides belonged to different chemical families. Some preliminary experiments with different solvents in combination with water, acetic acid and ammonium hydroxide, ...
Wang Ju Peng - - 2008
A simple, sensitive and rapid flow-injection chemiluminescence method has been developed for the determination of ferulic acid based on the chemiluminescence reaction of ferulic acid with rhodamine 6G and ceric sulfate in sulphuric acid medium. Strong chemiluminescence signal was observed when ferulic acid was injected into the acidic ceric sulfate ...
Shan Lian - - 2008
An LC/ESI/MS/MS method for cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA) quantification in serum is established in the present report. The limit of quantitation of the assay reaches low nanomolar level in human serum and the CV% are within 10%. Using this method, we successfully quantify the levels of two cPA species, 16:0 ...
Zhao Jinsheng - - 2008
In this paper, the effect of acetic acid on S. cerevisiae metabolism was studied for the first time with the combinational utilization of the mediated electrochemical method and intrinsic fluorescence method, and the results from both methods were compared with each other. It was confirmed in vivo that not only ...
Hemmateenejad Bahram - - 2008
Annihilation of the contribution of one chemical component from the original data matrix is a general method in rank annihilation factor analysis (RAFA). However, RAFA is not applicable for studying the protonation equilibria of multiprotic acids. In this work, a two-rank annihilation factor analysis (TRAFA) method was proposed for determination ...
Zamani Akram - - 2007
A new method was developed in this work for extraction of chitosan from the zygomycetes cell wall. It is based on the temperature-dependent solubility of chitosan in dilute sulfuric acid. Chitin is soluble in neither cold nor hot dilute sulfuric acid. Similarly chitosan is not soluble at room temperature but ...
Boogers Ilco - - 2008
In the present study, the changeover from the Pico.Tag HPLC method to the AccQ.Tag(ultra) UPLC method for the analysis of amino acids in casein and bovine serum albumine hydrolysates is described. The total chromatographic run time of the AccQ.Tag(ultra) UPLC method was only 40% of the time required for the ...
Chen Yingyu - - 2007
A sensitive fluorimetric method for determination of phytic acid in human urine samples was described. The method was based on a fluorimetric replacement reaction, in which the added phytic acid replaced the Cu2+ ion from Cu2+-gelatin complex, liberating the fluorescent gelatin molecule. The fluorescence of the solution was accordingly recovered ...
Spigno Giorgia - - 2008
In this work, two mild chemical fractionation procedures were compared to separate and recover lignocellulosic components from grape stalks. The first method consisted of mild acid hydrolysis for hemicelluloses separation, followed by an alkaline/oxidative step for lignin solubilization, while in the second method the acid hydrolysis was preceded by an ...
Marecek James - - 2007
Isotope-edited IR of proteins has generated considerable interest. Double labeling with 13C and 18O with high levels of isotopic enrichment is required for residue-specific resolution. Current methods for the preparation of doubly labeled amino acids give modest 18O enrichment, limiting the utility of the approach. We report a simple and ...
Payne Richard J - - 2007
Recently, we reported the development of sugar-assisted ligation (SAL), a novel peptide ligation method for the synthesis of glycopeptides. After screening a large number of glycoprotein sequences in a glycoprotein database, it became evident that a large proportion (approximately 53%) of O-glycosylation sites contain amino acid residues that will not ...
Michel H - - 2008
A new sequential method for the determination of both natural (U, Th) and anthropogenic (Sr, Cs, Pu, Am) radionuclides has been developed for application to soil and sediment samples. The procedure was optimised using a reference sediment (IAEA-368) and reference soils (IAEA-375 and IAEA-326). Reference materials were first digested using ...
Antonelli Marta Letizia - - 2008
Enzymatic microcalorimetry has been successfully employed in the reliable determination of the l-malic acid concentration in some foods and cosmetic products. The l-malic acid concentration during the wine-making process is particularly useful in order to control the progress of the malo-lactic fermentation. Total acidity, taste and flavour characteristics of wine ...
Possanzini Massimiliano - - 2007
The classical derivatization method of carbonyls based on 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH)-coated silica cartridges was tested to concurrently measure lower carbonyls and carboxylic acids in air samples. The performance of these cartridges with respect to formic and acetic acids was evaluated in a number of laboratory measurements on collection and reaction efficiencies. ...
Klampfl Christian W - - 2007
A comprehensive overview of the analysis of low-molecular-mass organic acids employing electromigration methods in the capillary format is given. This review includes papers published since 2003 and can be seen as an update of the review paper published by Galli et al. in 2003. Tables included in this review contain ...
Lomborg Carina Juel - - 2008
Production monitoring of "natural" 2-heptanone from octanoic acid in an industrial fed-batch cultivation based on Penicillium roqueforti requires development of a method for determination of octanoic acid dissolved in the water phase. An electronic tongue array using six non-specific potentiometric sensors with solid inner contact, and a pH electrode, has ...
Antolín Ernesto Méndez - - 2008
D003 is a new active ingredient consisting of a mixture of very long chain saturated fatty acids (C(24:0)-C(36:0)) in a definite proportion, which shows antioxidant, antiosteoporotic, antiplatelet and cholesterol-lowering effects in experimental models. Five derivatization methods for determining these fatty acids by gas chromatography (GC), using diazomethane, sulphuric acid-methanol, hydrochloric ...
Antoniewicz Maciek R - - 2007
Metabolic flux analysis based on stable-isotope labeling experiments and analysis of mass isotopomer distributions (MID) of cellular metabolites is a tool of great significance for metabolic engineering and study of human disease. This method relies on accurate and precise measurements of mass isotopomers by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. To improve flux ...
Krizman Mitja - - 2007
An adequate analytical method for determination of amino acids can provide a better insight in the metabolism of in vitro human embryo cultures, increasing the success rate of embryo implantation. Since individual amino acid amounts per embryo occur in the nanogram range, GC was the technique of choice, due to ...
Turchini Giovanni M - - 2007
Currently there are several contrasting methods utilized for estimating elongation and desaturation of fatty acids and their general metabolism. The majority of these methods involve an ex vivo approach, requiring expensive and sophisticated equipment, likely to result in considerable variation in enzyme activity between and within species. In the present ...
Barkawi Lana S - - 2008
To investigate novel pathways involved in auxin biosynthesis, transport, metabolism, and response, we have developed a high-throughput screen for indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) levels. Historically, the quantitative analysis of IAA has been a cumbersome and time-consuming process that does not lend itself to the screening of large numbers of samples. The ...
Mojica Kristina - - 2007
The uronic acids assay was evaluated for its ability to measure the amount of uronic acids contained within a biofilm exopolysaccharide matrix. Cytophaga lytica, a marine bacterium isolated from a naturally occurring biofilm, was used to form single-species biofilms for the method assessment. The assay was found to be simple, ...
Márquez-Ruiz G - - 2007
A new method based on high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) is proposed to quantitate primary and secondary oxidation compounds in model fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). The method consists on simply injecting an aliquot sample in HPSEC, without preliminary isolation procedures neither addition of standard internal. Four groups of compounds can ...
Luthra Abhinav - - 2007
Inter-residue potentials are extensively used in the design and evaluation of protein structures. However,dealing with all (20 x 20) interactions becomes computationally difficult in extensive investigations. Hence, it is desirable to reduce the alphabet of 20 amino acids to a smaller number. Currently, several methods of reducing the residue types ...
Qi Jianping - - 2007
A simple, rapid and accurate HPLC method has been developed for simultaneous determination of hydroxysafflor yellow A and ferulic acid in rat plasma after oral administration of the co-extractum of Rhizoma chuanxiong and Flos Carthami. Plasma samples were deproteinized with 6% perchloric acid, and riboflavin was used as internal standard. ...
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