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Lichtenstein Alice H AH JM USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA, 02111, USA, - - 2014
Dietary trans double bond containing fatty acids have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are two main sources of dietary trans fatty acids: meat and dairy fats, and partially hydrogenated fats. Because of a number of factors, including changes in federal labeling requirements for packaged foods, and ...
Lopez-Villalobos Nicolas N Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University,Palmerston North,New - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate heritability and crossbreeding parameters (breed and heterosis effects) of various fatty acid (FA) concentrations in milk fat of New Zealand dairy cattle. For this purpose, calibration equations to predict concentration of each of the most common FAs were derived with partial least ...
Finn Kristen Lawler KL Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Cranford, New Jersey - - 2014
Background: Soybean oil lipid emulsion may compromise immune function and promote hepatic damage due to its composition of long-chain fatty acids, phytosterols, high proportion of ω-6 fatty acids, and low α-tocopherol levels. Combination lipid emulsions have been developed using medium-chain triglyceride oil, fish oil, and/or olive oil, which provide adequate ...
Gonçalves Ana Teresa AT Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), University of Concepción, P.O. Box 160-C. Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this study was to identify and analyze the lipid metabolic pathways involved in energy production and ecdysteroid synthesis in the ectoparasite copepod Caligus rogercresseyi. Massive transcriptome sequencing analysis was performed during the infectious copepodid larval stage, during the attached chalimus larval stage, and also in female and ...
Xin Hangshu - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to quantify lipid-related inherent molecular structures using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT/IR) technique and find out their relationship with oil content, fatty acid and glucosinolate profile, total polyphenols and condensed tannins in seeds from newly developed yellow-seeded and brown-seeded Brassica carinata lines. Canola seeds ...
Caligiani Augusta - - 2014
A survey was carried out to determine the presence of cyclopropane fatty acids (CPFA) in various dairy products. CPFA as lactobacillic acid and dihydrosterculic acid are components of bacterial membranes and have been recently detected in milk from cows fed with maize silage. In this paper about 200 dairy samples ...
Beavers William N - - 2014
Lipid and lipid metabolite profiling are important parameters in understanding the pathogenesis of many diseases. Alkynylated polyunsaturated fatty acids are potentially useful probes for tracking the fate of fatty acid metabolites. The non-enzymatic and enzymatic oxidation of ω-alkynyl linoleic acid and ω-alkynyl arachidonic acid were compared to that of linoleic ...
Guney Murat M University of Çukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture & Biotechnology Research and Experimental Center, 01330, Balcal"ı, Adana, - - 2014
Kumquat (Fortuneless spp.) is one of the important fruit species introduced to Turkey recently. It is well adapted to Mediterranean region in Turkey. Early researches of kumquat were started on adaptation and pomological traits, only a few were concerned with chemical content. After understanding health benefits of kumquat fruits the ...
Jiménez Callejón María J MJ Area of Chemical Engineering, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, - - 2014
Saponifiable lipids (SLs) were extracted with hexane from wet biomass (86wt% water) of the microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana in order to transform them into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs, biodiesel). The influence of homogenization pressure on SL extraction yield at low temperature (20-22°C) was studied. Homogenization at 1700bar tripled the SL ...
Brown Jeffrey N JN Institute for Neurosciences and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
The common pasture earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa has often been neglected in environmental metabolomics in favour of easily laboratory-bred species. The present study assigns aqueous metabolites in A. caliginosa using high resolution 1- and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In total 51 aqueous metabolites were identified, including typical amino acids ...
Chen Yeming Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan Univ, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214122, PR, - - 2014
In this study, the macronutrients and micronutrients of pH 6.8, 8.0, 9.5, and 11.0 extracted soybean oil bodies (OBs) were examined, revealing that soybean OBs might be used as a natural carrier for bioactive components (unsaturated fatty acids, phospholipid, tocopherol, and phytosterol). pH 6.8 extracted OBs (dry basis) contained 85.88% ...
Han H H Department of Animal Science, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2014
The survival of silage lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the gut of dairy cows was evaluated by examining the LAB communities of silage and gut contents. Samples were collected at 2 different research institutes (Mie and Okayama) that offered total mixed ration (TMR) silage throughout the year. Silage and feces ...
Ma Yubin Y Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, - - 2014
Nannochloropsis have attracted sustained interest from algal biodiesel researchers due to their high biomass accumulation rate and high lipid content. There are six recognized species in the Nannochloropsis genus that are phylogenetically divided into Nannochloropsis gaditana, Nannochloropsis salina, Nannochloropsis granulata, Nannochloropsis limnetica, Nannochloropsis oceanica and Nannochloropsis oculata. In this study, ...
Margaoan Rodica - - 2014
Total and individual carotenoids, fatty acid composition of total lipids and main lipid classes of 16 fresh bee collected pollen samples from Romania were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection and capillary gas chromatography with mass detection. Analyzed samples were found rich in lutein, while β-criptoxanthin ...
Senphan Theeraphol T Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, - - 2015
Lipids from striped catfish muscle were extracted with the aid of crude protease extract (CPE) from hepatopancrease of Pacific white shrimp at different levels (5-15unit/g protein) for various hydrolysis times (0-180min) at 60°C. Yield of lipids increased within the first 30min and was in agreement with increasing degree of hydrolysis. ...
Sahan U U Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, 16059 Bursa, Turkey - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to examine the changes in yolk and yolk sac fatty acid composition and also to investigate egg content, yolk absorption, embryo development during incubation, and chick quality at hatch in eggs from 36- and 52-wk-old broiler breeders. The fatty acid profiles of the ...
Sherkhanov Saken S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, UCLA-DOE Laboratory of Genomics and Proteomics, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Microbial fatty acids are an attractive source of precursors for a variety of renewable commodity chemicals such as alkanes, alcohols, and biofuels. Rerouting lipid biosynthesis into free fatty acid production can be toxic, however, due to alterations of membrane lipid composition. Here we find that membrane lipid composition can be ...
Garcia M M Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the effect of supplementing saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (FA) during late gestation of cows and during the preweaning period of calves on growth, health, and immune responses of calves. During the last 8 wk of pregnancy, Holstein cattle (n = 96) were fed no ...
Prieto N N Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 4-10 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, Canada; Lacombe Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 6000 C&E Trail, Lacombe, Alberta T4L 1W1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tested the ability of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict meat chemical composition, quality traits and fatty acid (FA) composition from 63 steers fed sunflower or flaxseed in combination with high forage diets. NIRS calibrations, tested by cross-validation, were successful for predicting crude protein, moisture and fat ...
Strillacci M G MG Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety (VESPA), University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133, Milan, - - 2014
A selective DNA pooling approach was applied to identify QTL for conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), vaccenic acid (VA) and Δ(9) -desaturase (D9D) milk content in Italian Brown Swiss dairy cattle. Milk samples from 60 animals with higher values (after correction for environmental factors) and 60 animals with lower values for ...
Ponnampalam Eric N EN Agriculture Research, Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Melbourne, VIC, 3001, Australia, - - 2014
Lipid oxidation of M. longissimus lumborum in fresh or vacuum packaged (aged) lamb meat stored at 3 °C for 0 or 4 weeks, respectively and displayed under refrigerated conditions for a further 4 days was assessed by measuring the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in meat using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances procedure. The ...
Shinn Sara - - 2014
Reports from chicken conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) feeding trials are limited to yolk total fatty acid composition, which consistently described increased saturated fatty acids and decreased monounsaturated fatty acids. However, information on CLA triacylglycerol (TAG) and phospholipid (PL) species is unavailable. This study determined fatty acid (FA) composition of total ...
Islam M A MA Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341, Bangladesh - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to get a total physical and chemical characterization and comparison of the principal components in Bangladeshi buffalo (B), Holstein cross (HX), Indigenous cattle (IC) and Red Chittagong Cattle (RCC) milk. Protein and casein (CN) composition and type, casein micellar size (CMS), naturally occurring ...
da Rosa Priscila Dallé PD Programa de Pós-graduação em Microbiologia Agrícola e do Meio Ambiente (PPGMAA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, - - 2014
Lipid homeostasis is well-known in oleaginous yeasts, but there are few non-oleaginous yeast models apart from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We are proposing the non-oleaginous yeast Candida zeylanoides QU 33 as model. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the carbon/nitrogen ratio and the type of nitrogen source ...
Rohwedder Arndt - - 2014
It is unclear how changes in lipid droplet size and number are regulated, whether this involves a signalling pathway, or is directed by cellular lipid uptake. Here we show that oleic acid stimulates lipid droplet formation through activating the long chain fatty acid receptor FFAR4 coupled through a pertussis toxin ...
Hibino Masahiro - - 2014
The molecular arrangements of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of cholesterol, cholesteryl laurate, and cholesteryl stearate adsorbed on a graphite surface were studied using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) at the liquid-solid interface. The STM images of the SAMs showed two-dimensional periodic arrays of bright regions that corresponded to the sterol rings. However, ...
Stevenson Julian - - 2014
Squalene monooxygenase (SM) catalyses the first oxygenation step in cholesterol synthesis, immediately before the formation of the steroid backbone at lanosterol. SM is an important control point in the pathway, and is regulated at the post-translational level by accelerated cholesterol-dependent ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, which is associated with the accumulation ...
Xiong Lian L a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , P.R. - - 2014
In this work, corncob acid hydrolysate and its simulated medium whose sugar composition was the same as the corncob acid hydrolysate were used as fermentation substrate for lipid production by oleaginous yeast Trichosporon dermatis. On the corncob acid hydrolysate, after seven days' fermentation, the biomass, lipid content, lipid yield and ...
Stabili L L Institute for Marine Coastal Environment (IAMC), C.N.R., via Roma 3, 74123 Taranto, Italy; Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, Centro Ecotekne Pal. B, S.P. 6 Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, with the advent of modern technologies, various marine organisms including algae are being studied as sources of natural substances effective on classical microorganisms and able to also combat the new trend of acquired resistance in microbes. In the present study the antimicrobial activity of the lipidic extract of the ...
Kaffarnik Stefanie S University of Hohenheim, Institute of Food Chemistry, Department of Food Chemistry, Garbenstr. 28, Stuttgart D-70599, - - 2014
4-Methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyloctanoic acid and 4-methylnonanoic acid are key-flavor compounds of sheep and goat. Yet, the low amounts of these volatile branched-chain fatty acids (vBCFAs) in the fat of the ruminants hampered their determination on a routine basis. In this work we developed a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry selected ion monitoring ...
Stergiadis S S Nafferton Ecological Farming Group, School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Nafferton Farm, Stocksfield, Northumberland NE43 7XD, - - 2014
Many studies show concentrations of nutritionally desirable fatty acids in bovine milk are lower when cows have no access to grazing, leading to seasonal fluctuations in milk quality if cows are housed for part of the year. This study investigated the potential to improve the fatty acid profiles of bovine ...
Nishi S K SK Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Clinical Nutrition & Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Nut consumption has been associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes which has been largely attributed to their healthy fatty acid profile, yet this has not been ascertained. Therefore, we investigated the effect of nut consumption on serum fatty acid concentrations and how these ...
Rattanapoltee Panida P Graduate School, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to optimize the lipid accumulation in microalgae by using two agricultural residues of pineapple peels and sugarcane bagasse as low-cost organic carbon sources. Green microalgae Scenedesmus acutus was isolated and selected for cultivation. Effects of three initial sugar concentrations and the stage for adding ...
Kelly M J MJ Center for Animal Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue associated with meat is an important factor for the beef industry because of its implications for human health, processing, meat quality, and palatability. Individual fatty acid composition is a trait under genetic control, so improvement via selective breeding of cattle is possible. The objective ...
Sasazaki Shinji - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of beef adipose tissue is one of its important traits because a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acid is related to favorable beef flavor and tenderness. In this study, we searched polymorphisms in full length coding DNA sequence of urotensin 2 recepter and investigated the effects on ...
Kozai Yuki Y a Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology , Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
We recently obtained evidence that unsaturated long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) (e.g. oleic acid) inhibit binding of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) to CD36. In the present study, we validated this prediction by examining inhibition by unsaturated LCFAs of Alexa-fluor-labeled oxLDL binding to multiwell plates onto which a synthetic CD36 peptide is ...
Ma Donglin D Department of Cell Biology, Municipal Laboratory for Liver Protection and Regulation of Regeneration, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, - - 2014
Abnormal lipid metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) protein mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) to generate nascent HDL particles. Previous studies revealed that overexpression of ABCA1 or apoA-I alleviated hepatic lipid levels ...
Harlow Brittany E BE University of Kentucky, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
The goals were to determine if β-acid from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) could be used to control fructan fermentation by equine hindgut microorganisms, and to verify the antimicrobial mode of action on Streptococcus bovis, which has been implicated in fructan fermentation, hindgut acidosis, and pasture associated laminitis (PAL) in the ...
Custer Jenny E JE Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0006, - - 2014
The oral cariogenic bacterial pathogen Streptococcus mutans strain UA159 has become an important research organism strain since its genome was sequenced. However, there is a paucity of information on its lipidome using direct analytical biochemical approaches. We here report on comprehensive analyses of the major lipid classes and their fatty ...
Mahapatra Durga Madhab DM Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India; Centre for Sustainable Technologies (astra), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, - - 2014
Algae grown in outdoor reactors (volume: 10L and depth: 20cm) were fed directly with filtered and sterilised municipal wastewater. The nutrient removal efficiencies were 86%, 90%, 89%, 70% and 76% for TOC, TN, NH4-N, TP and OP, respectively, and lipid content varied from 18% to 28.5% of dry algal biomass. ...
Boulom Sayvisene S School of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, 34 St Paul Street, Auckland 1142, New - - 2014
Monthly changes of lipids, fatty acids, phytosterol and α-tocopherol in New Zealand brown macroalgae, Undaria pinnatifida, were investigated. U. pinnatifida lipid content ranged from 17 to 45mg/g in the blade and between 21 and 63mg/g in the sporophyll. It was a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with n-6 ...
Raphael W W College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes from periparturient cows can have exacerbated inflammatory responses that contribute to disease incidence and severity. Oxylipids derived from the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can regulate the magnitude and duration of inflammation. Although PUFA substrate for oxylipid biosynthesis in leukocytes is known to change across ...
Cao Yujin - - 2014
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are the best components for biodiesel when considering the low temperature fluidity and oxidative stability. However, biodiesel derived from vegetable oils or microbial lipids always consists of significant amounts of polyunsaturated and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) alkyl esters, which hampers its practical applications. Therefore, the fatty ...
Delgadillo-Puga Claudia C Nutrición Animal INCMNSZ, Vasco de Quiroga 15, 14000, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico, - - 2014
Organic agriculture and livestock farming is claimed to promote animal welfare and can offer animal products with better hygienic-sanitary quality, based on principles of health, ecology, fairness, and care. However, no clear advantages of organic milk (OM) versus conventional milk (CM) from tropical conditions are available. The aims of the ...
Koizumi Kyoko K National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research - - 2014
The fatty acid compositions of the total lipids of three edible deep-sea fishes, Diaphus watasei, Diaphus suborbitalis, and Benthosema pterotum, were compared with those of a highly migratory fish, Katsuwonus pelamis, to clarify their lipid characteristics and nutritional value as seafood. The mean lipid contents in the three myctophids were ...
Patel Alok A Molecular Microbiology Laboratory, Biotechnology Department, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT R), Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, - - 2014
Hemp seeds aqueous extract (HSAE) was used as cheap renewable feedstocks to grow novel oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae HIMPA1 isolated from Himalayan permafrost soil. The yeast showed boosted triglyceride (TAG) accumulation in the lipid droplets (LDs) which were transesterified to biodiesel. The sonicated HSAE prepared lacked toxic inhibitors and showed ...
Maehre Hanne K HK Norwegian College of Fishery Science, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics (BFE), UIT - The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037, Tromsø, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to examine protein and amino acid composition, lipid and fatty acid composition, along with a range of essential minerals in common Norwegian seaweed species representing the red (Palmaria palmata and Vertebrata lanosa), green (Cladophora rupestris, Enteromorpha intestinalis and Ulva lactuca) and brown (Alaria esculenta, ...
Alvarenga A L N AL 1 Laboratory of Structural Biology and Reproduction, Department of Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-901, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether fatty acid (FA) profile, oxidative stability of lipids and other meat quality traits differed between high (HW: 1.8 to 2.2 kg) and low (LW: 0.8 to 1.2 kg) birth weight piglets. Forty new-born male pigs (n=20 HW, n=20 LW) were reared ...
Han Lin L School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nan Road, Jinan 250100, - - 2014
In this work, four microalgae including Chlorella sp. SDEC-10, Chlorella ellipsoidea SDEC-11, Scenedesmus bijuga SDEC-12 and Scenedesmus quadricauda SEDC-13 isolated from a local lake have been investigated for the properties of growth, nutrient removal and lipid accumulation in synthetic sewage. Their biomass ranged between 0.4 and 0.5g/L. The total phosphorus ...
Aghwan Z A ZA Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia ; Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq - - 2014
Fat and fatty acids in muscle and adipose tissues are among the major factors influencing meat quality particularly nutritional value and palatability. The present study was carried out to examine the effects of supplementing inorganic selenium (Se), iodine (I) and a combination of both on fatty acid compositions in serum, ...
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