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Avilés C C a MERAGEM Research Group, Veterinary Faculty , University of Cordoba , Cordoba , - - 2015
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD1 gene) is an enzyme responsible for the endogenous conversion of saturated fatty acid into monounsaturated fatty acids. The objective of this study was to assess the association of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the SCD1 gene with the fatty acid composition of beef intramuscular fat of ...
Holl Eda K EK Durham, N.C. From the Departments of Surgery and Pathology, Duke University Medical - - 2014
Pathologic cutaneous scarring affects over 40 million people worldwide and costs billions of dollars annually. Understanding mechanisms of fibroblast activation and granulation tissue contraction is the first step toward preventing pathologic scarring. The authors hypothesize that nucleic acids increase fibroblast activation and cause granulation tissue contraction and that sequestration of ...
Ornelas O O Department of Inorganic Chemistry and Materials Institute, University of Alicante, Apdo. 99- 03080, Alicante, Spain. - - 2014
The synthesis of nitrogenated carbon nanotubes (N-CNTs) with up to 6.1 wt% N, via the use of pyridine as the nitrogen containing carbon precursor, can provide a facile route to significantly enhance the low intrinsic specific capacitance of carbon nanotubes. The nitrogen functionalities determine this, at least, five-fold increase of ...
Moon Se-Kwon SK Changhae Advanced Institute of Technology, Changhae Ethanol Co., Ltd., Palbok-Dong 829, Dukjin-Gu, Jeonju, 561-203, Republic of - - 2014
The by-products of bioethanol production such as thin stillage (TS) and condensed distillers solubles (CDS) were used as a potential nitrogen source for economical production of lactic acid. The effect of those by-products and their concentrations on lactic acid fermentation were investigated using Lactobacillus paracasei CHB2121. Approximately, 6.7 g/L of yeast ...
Belkadhi Aïcha A Département de Biologie, Unité de Recherche de Physiologie et Biochimie de la tolérance des plantes aux contraintes abiotiques, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Campus Universitaire, 1060, Tunis, Tunisia, - - 2014
Interest in use of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) as cadmium (Cd)-accumulating plant for phytoextraction of contaminated soils opened up a new and promising avenue toward improving tolerance of its varieties and cultivars to Cd stress. The aim of this study is to get insights into the mechanisms of Cd detoxification ...
Sepe Valentina - - 2014
Bile acids are signalling molecules interacting with the nuclear receptor FXR and the G-protein coupled receptor 1 (GP-BAR1/TGR5). GP-BAR1 is promising pharmacological target for the treatment of steato-hepatitis, type 2 diabetes and obesity. Endogenous bile acids and currently available semisynthetic bile acids are poorly selective toward GP-BAR1 and FXR. Thus, ...
Maher Amy Christine AC McMaster University - - 2014
In skeletal muscle the Rab-GTPase-activating protein TBC1D1 has been implicated in the regulation of fatty acid oxidation by an unknown mechanism. We determined whether TBC1D1 altered fatty acid utilization via changes in protein-mediated fatty acid transport and/or selected enzymes regulating mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation. We also determined the effects of ...
Bone Simon M SM The University of New South Wales , Kensington, New South Wales 2052, - - 2014
Diagnostic tests performed in the field or at the site of patient care would benefit from using a combination of inexpensive, stable chemical reagents and simple instrumentation. Here, we have developed a universal "DNA-only Cascade" (DoC) to quantitatively detect target analytes with increased speed. The DoC utilizes quasi-circular structures consisting ...
Lian Sai S Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science of Shaanxi Province, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China. - - 2014
Hexokinase (HK)-catalyzed glucose phosphorylation plays an important role in the regulation of circulating glucose levels, so aberrant HK activity may result in various human diseases. Herein, we present a new strategy for highly sensitive detection of HK activity by use of Zr(4+)-coated magnetic beads (ZrMBs) for selective capture of HK-induced ...
Treder Adam P AP Département de Pharmacologie, Institut de Pharmacologie de Sherbrooke, Université de Sherbrooke , Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1H - - 2014
The first application of aziridine aldehyde dimers in solid-phase synthesis is reported. The solid-supported disrupted Ugi condensation between an aziridine aldehyde dimer, isonitrile, and backbone-anchored amino acids delivered N-acyl aziridine intermediates, which were reacted with nucleophiles to yield the corresponding piperazinones. Subsequent cleavage from the resin provided a diverse set ...
Dziomba Szymon S Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Medical University of Gdańsk, 107 Hallera Street, 80-416, Gdańsk, - - 2014
Derivatization is a frequently used sample preparation procedure applicable to the enhancement of analyte detection sensitivity. Amino acids mostly require derivatization prior to electrophoretic or chromatographic analysis, especially if spectrophotometric detection is used. This study presents an on-line preconcentration technique for derivatized amino acids. The sensitivity of the method was ...
Abe Katsuya K Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1, Nakano-machi, Hachioji, Tokyo, 192-0015, Japan, - - 2014
Aerial algae are considered to be highly tolerant of and adaptable to severe conditions including radiation, desiccation, high temperatures, and nutrient deficiency, compared with those from aquatic habitats. There are considerable variations in the fatty acid (FA) composition of aerial microalgae from dry environments. A new species with a high ...
Cheng Xin X School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 212013, - - 2014
Production of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) starter with raw material has received much scientific investigation, but little information is available on the influences of some trace elements on the growth and fermentative activity of LAB. Based on this fact, this paper aimed to investigate the effects of Mn(2+) on the ...
Wang Yong Y Department of Bioengineering and Dalton Cardiovascular Research Center, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. wayong@missouri.edu - - 2014
Nanopores provide a unique single-molecule platform for genetic and epigenetic detection. The target nucleic acids can be accurately analyzed by characterizing their specific electric fingerprints or signatures in the nanopore. Here we report a series of novel nanopore signatures generated by target nucleic acids that are hybridized with a probe. ...
Dyari Herryawan Ryadi Eziwar - - 2014
ω-3-17,18-Epoxyeicosapentaenoic acid decreases cell proliferation and activates apoptosis whereas its regioisomers stimulate growth. We evaluated synthetic ω-3 epoxides of saturated fatty acids as anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic agents in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The epoxides, but not their urea, amide or carbamate isosteres, impaired ATP production, enhanced caspase-3 activity and activated ...
Zhu Yu-Peng - - 2014
While atmosphere is known to contain a significant fraction of organic substance and the effect of acetic acid to stabilize hydrated sulfuric acids is found to be close that of ammonia, the details about the hydration of (CH3COOH)(H2SO4)2 are poorly understood, especially for the larger clusters with more water molecules. ...
Wamberg Michael C - - 2014
The surface functionalization of fatty acid vesicles will allow their use as nanoreactors for complex chemistry. In this report, the tethering of several DNA conjugates to decanoic acid vesicles for molecular recognition and synthetic purposes was explored. Due to the structure highly dynamic nature, only one novel bola-amphiphile DNA conjugate ...
Morales Gabriel G Department of Chemical and Energy Tech, Chemical and Environmental Tech, Mechanical Tech and Analytical Chemistry, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/Tulipan. s/n. E-28933, Móstoles, Madrid, Spain. - - 2014
Here we describe a simple route to creating conformal sulphated zirconia monolayers throughout an SBA-15 architecture that confers efficient acid-catalysed one-pot conversion of glucose to ethyl levulinate.
Lager Susanne S University of Cambridge - - 2014
Fatty acids are critical for normal fetal development, but may also influence placental function. We have previously reported that oleic acid (OA) stimulates amino acid transport in primary human trophoblast (PHTs) cells. In other tissues, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids have distinct effects on cellular signaling, for instance palmitic acid ...
Greco James A JA University of - - 2014
Diets high in saturated fatty acids (SFAs) are associated with the development of circadian dysregulation, obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Conversely, polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have recently been identified to improve insulin sensitivity, reduce weight gain, and relieve obesity-induced inflammation. While saturated fatty acids, such as the prevalent dietary ...
Gladine Cécile C INRA, UMR1019, UNH, CRNH Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France, - - 2014
The omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has potent anti-atherogenic properties but its mechanisms of action at the vascular level remain poorly explored. Knowing the broad range of molecular targets of omega-3 fatty acids, microarray analysis was used to open-mindedly evaluate the effects of DHA on aorta gene expression in ...
Wang Juan J Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, 30 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
Four types of straws, namely, soybean, wheat, corn, and rice, were used to investigate their feasibility for lactic acid production. These straws mainly comprised cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. After ammonia pretreatment, the cellulose content increased, contrary to the decrease in hemicellulose and lignin contents. Analytical results showed that the liquid ...
Fukushima Keijo K Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 4228526, - - 2014
Human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1) and type 3 (hPIV3) initiate infection by sialic acid binding. Here, we investigated sialic acid linkage specificities for binding and infection of hPIV1 and hPIV3 by using sialic acid linkage-modified cells treated with sialidases or sialyltransferases. The hPIV1 is bound to only α2,3-linked sialic ...
Pang Ka-Lai KL Institute of Marine Biology and Center of Excellence for the Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are fatty acids with more than one double bond in the chemical structure. Arachidonic acid (ARA, 20:4 (n-6)) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 22:5 (n-3)) are common PUFAs with beneficial health effects. Marine fish and meat are the main sources of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in ...
Wang Xiaojuan X Key Laboratory of Tropical Plant Resource and Sustainable Use, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 88 Xuefu Road, Kunming, 650223, - - 2014
Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L., Euphorbiaceae) seed oil is rich in α-linolenic acid, a kind of n-3 fatty acids with many health benefits. To discover the mechanism underlying α-linolenic acid accumulation in sacha inchi seeds, preliminary research on sacha inchi seed development was carried out from one week after fertilization ...
Tang Xin X State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 LiHu Road, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Twenty standard amino acids were examined as single nitrogen source on the growth, total fatty acids production, and yield of γ-linolenic acid (GLA) in Mucor circinelloides. Of the amino acids, tyrosine gave the highest biomass and lipid accumulation and thus resulted in a high GLA yield with respective values of ...
Zhou Shengfei S Department of Biological System Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural Engineering Building, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concept of co-production of liquid fuel (ethanol) along with animal feed on farm was proposed, and the strategy of using ambient-temperature acid pretreatment, ensiling and washing to improve ethanol production from alfalfa stems was investigated. Alfalfa stems were separated and pretreated with sulfuric acid at ambient-temperature after harvest, and ...
Wendlinger Christine - - 2014
Furan fatty acids (F-acids) are valuable antioxidants containing a furan moiety in the central part of the molecule. They occur in the lipids of different foodstuff and plants, with grass being the main source for their presence in milk fat and butter. Since cows from organic farming receive higher portions ...
Newsome Seth D SD *Biology Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA; Environment and Natural Resource Institute, University of Alaska-Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA; Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; and School of Natural Sciences, University of California-Merced, Merced, CA 95343, USA - - 2014
Stable-isotope analysis (SIA) has revolutionized animal ecology by providing time-integrated estimates of the use of resources and/or habitats. SIA is based on the premise that the isotopic composition of a consumer's tissues originates from its food, but is offset by trophic-discrimination (enrichment) factors controlled by metabolic processes associated with the ...
Hiltunen Minna M Department of Biology, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 111, 80101, Joensuu, Finland, - - 2014
We studied the copepod Limnocalanus macrurus for seasonal variation in the composition of fatty acids, wax esters and sterols in large boreal lakes, where it occurs as a glacial-relict. Vast wax ester reserves of Limnocalanus were accumulated in a period of only two months, and comprised mono- and polyunsaturated fatty ...
Torrinha Alvaro - - 2014
Octopus vulgaris, Octopus maya and Eledone cirrhosa from distinct marine environments [Northeast Atlantic (NEA), Northwest Atlantic (NWA), Eastern Central Atlantic, Western Central Atlantic (WCA), Pacific Ocean and Mediterranean Sea] were characterized regarding their lipid and vitamin E composition. These species are those commercially more relevant worldwide. Significant interspecies and inter-origin ...
Lichtenstein Alice H AH JM USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA, 02111, USA, - - 2014
Dietary trans double bond containing fatty acids have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are two main sources of dietary trans fatty acids: meat and dairy fats, and partially hydrogenated fats. Because of a number of factors, including changes in federal labeling requirements for packaged foods, and ...
Lopez-Villalobos Nicolas N Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University,Palmerston North,New - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate heritability and crossbreeding parameters (breed and heterosis effects) of various fatty acid (FA) concentrations in milk fat of New Zealand dairy cattle. For this purpose, calibration equations to predict concentration of each of the most common FAs were derived with partial least ...
Hwang J A JA Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 540-742, - - 2014
The study was designed to evaluate the effect of 2% seamustard (Undaria pinnatifida) by-product (SW) on growth performance, immunity, carcass characteristics, cholesterol content and fatty acid profile in Hanwoo steers. A total of 20 Hanwoo steers (ave. 22 months old; 619 kg body weight) were randomly assigned to control (basal ...
Cao Xing-Fen XF State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, - - 2014
To study the chemical constituents and bioactivity of the stem bark of Mitragyna diversifolia. Compounds were isolated by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV, MS, and NMR), and they were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities by the MTT method. Eight triterpenes ...
Finn Kristen Lawler KL Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Cranford, New Jersey - - 2014
Background: Soybean oil lipid emulsion may compromise immune function and promote hepatic damage due to its composition of long-chain fatty acids, phytosterols, high proportion of ω-6 fatty acids, and low α-tocopherol levels. Combination lipid emulsions have been developed using medium-chain triglyceride oil, fish oil, and/or olive oil, which provide adequate ...
Gonçalves Ana Teresa AT Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), University of Concepción, P.O. Box 160-C. Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this study was to identify and analyze the lipid metabolic pathways involved in energy production and ecdysteroid synthesis in the ectoparasite copepod Caligus rogercresseyi. Massive transcriptome sequencing analysis was performed during the infectious copepodid larval stage, during the attached chalimus larval stage, and also in female and ...
Xin Hangshu - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to quantify lipid-related inherent molecular structures using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT/IR) technique and find out their relationship with oil content, fatty acid and glucosinolate profile, total polyphenols and condensed tannins in seeds from newly developed yellow-seeded and brown-seeded Brassica carinata lines. Canola seeds ...
San Pedro A A Chemical Engineering Area, Department of Engineering, University of Almería, E04120 Almería, - - 2014
This work studied outdoor pilot scale production of Nannochloropsis gaditana in tubular photobioreactors. The growth and biomass composition of the strain were studied under different culture strategies: continuous-mode (varying nutrient supply and dilution rate) and two-stage cultures aiming lipid enhancement. Besides, parameters such as irradiance, specific nitrate input and dilution ...
Sesti G G Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and high uric acid concentrations are associated with cardio-metabolic disorders. Acute IGF-1 infusion decreases uric acid concentration in healthy individuals. In this study, we aimed to examine the relationship between IGF-1 and uric acid levels. 1430 adult non diabetic subjects were stratified into quartiles ...
Caligiani Augusta - - 2014
A survey was carried out to determine the presence of cyclopropane fatty acids (CPFA) in various dairy products. CPFA as lactobacillic acid and dihydrosterculic acid are components of bacterial membranes and have been recently detected in milk from cows fed with maize silage. In this paper about 200 dairy samples ...
Beavers William N - - 2014
Lipid and lipid metabolite profiling are important parameters in understanding the pathogenesis of many diseases. Alkynylated polyunsaturated fatty acids are potentially useful probes for tracking the fate of fatty acid metabolites. The non-enzymatic and enzymatic oxidation of ω-alkynyl linoleic acid and ω-alkynyl arachidonic acid were compared to that of linoleic ...
Xu Xu X School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyoja-dong, Pohang 790-784, South - - 2014
As aquatic biomass which is called "the third generation biomass", Laminaria japonica (also known as Saccharina japonica) consists of mannitol and alginate which are the main polysaccharides of algal carbohydrates. In this study, oleaginous yeast (Cryptococcus curvatus) was used to produce lipid from carbon sources derived from Laminaria japonica. Volatile ...
Guney Murat M University of Çukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture & Biotechnology Research and Experimental Center, 01330, Balcal"ı, Adana, - - 2014
Kumquat (Fortuneless spp.) is one of the important fruit species introduced to Turkey recently. It is well adapted to Mediterranean region in Turkey. Early researches of kumquat were started on adaptation and pomological traits, only a few were concerned with chemical content. After understanding health benefits of kumquat fruits the ...
Lucci Paolo P Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotà D.C., - - 2015
This paper aims to provide a solid base for the utilisation of pomegranate whole seed ethanolic extract (PSEE) as a nutraceutical/functional food ingredient. PSEE was tested for its antioxidant and antiproliferative activities against different human cancer cell lines. Bioactive lipid compounds were identified by studying the PSEE lipid portion. PSEE ...
Jiménez Callejón María J MJ Area of Chemical Engineering, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, - - 2014
Saponifiable lipids (SLs) were extracted with hexane from wet biomass (86wt% water) of the microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana in order to transform them into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs, biodiesel). The influence of homogenization pressure on SL extraction yield at low temperature (20-22°C) was studied. Homogenization at 1700bar tripled the SL ...
Brown Jeffrey N JN Institute for Neurosciences and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
The common pasture earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa has often been neglected in environmental metabolomics in favour of easily laboratory-bred species. The present study assigns aqueous metabolites in A. caliginosa using high resolution 1- and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In total 51 aqueous metabolites were identified, including typical amino acids ...
Turner K E KE Animal Science, USDA, ARS, Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK 73036, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experiment was conducted in 2005-2007 to evaluate carcass and chevon (goat meat) quality parameters when meat-goat kids (n=72) were finished on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L; ALF); red clover (Trifolium pratense L.; RCG); or orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.; OGR) pastures. Carcass conformation score was greater (P=0.08) when meat-goat kids were ...
Chen Yeming Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan Univ, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214122, PR, - - 2014
In this study, the macronutrients and micronutrients of pH 6.8, 8.0, 9.5, and 11.0 extracted soybean oil bodies (OBs) were examined, revealing that soybean OBs might be used as a natural carrier for bioactive components (unsaturated fatty acids, phospholipid, tocopherol, and phytosterol). pH 6.8 extracted OBs (dry basis) contained 85.88% ...
Han H H Department of Animal Science, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2014
The survival of silage lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the gut of dairy cows was evaluated by examining the LAB communities of silage and gut contents. Samples were collected at 2 different research institutes (Mie and Okayama) that offered total mixed ration (TMR) silage throughout the year. Silage and feces ...
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