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Rosenberg Julian N JN Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America; Synaptic Research LLC, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
While photosynthetic microalgae, such as Chlorella, serve as feedstocks for nutritional oils and biofuels, heterotrophic cultivation can augment growth rates, support high cell densities, and increase triacylglycerol (TAG) lipid content. However, these species differ significantly in their photoautotrophic and heterotrophic characteristics. In this study, the phylogeny of thirty Chlorella strains ...
Yang Fangfang F Key Laboratory of Tropical Marine Bio-resources and Ecology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China. - - 2014
Lipid production is an important indicator for assessing microalgal species for biodiesel production. In this work, the effects of medium composition on lipid production by Scenedesmus sp. were investigated using the response surface methodology. The results of a Plackett-Burman design experiment revealed that NaHCO3, NaH2PO4·2H2O and NaNO3 were three factors ...
Giuffrè Angelo M AM Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio - - 2014
A study was conducted on olive oils extracted from olives collected in South West Calabria (Southern Italy) over three harvest years 2010-2011-2012. Three autochthonous cultivars were considered: Cassanese, Ottobratica and Sinopolese and seven allochtonous cultivars: Coratina, Itrana, Leccino, Nocellara Messinese, Nociara, Pendolino and Picholine. Thin Layer Chromatography - Gas Chromatograph ...
Tanimura Ayumi A Research Division of Microbial Sciences, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake-Cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, - - 2014
Starch is considered a potential feedstock for biofuel production, particularly in light of the large-scale landfilling of food waste and other starchy materials worldwide. Lipid accumulation by oleaginous yeast is a promising method for biodiesel production from starch. However, most oleaginous yeasts are grown on monosaccharides or oligosaccharides because they ...
Wang Jack H JH Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a prevalent vascular disease that can progressively enlarge and rupture with a high rate of mortality. Inflammation and active remodeling of the aortic wall have been suggested to be critical in its pathogenesis. Meanwhile, ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) are known ...
Olofsson Martin M Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Centre for Ecology and Evolution in Microbial Model Systems (EEMiS), Linnæus University, 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden. - - 2014
Instead of sole nutrient starvation to boost algal lipid production, we addressed nutrient limitation at two different seasons (autumn and spring) during outdoor cultivation in flat panel photobioreactors. Lipid accumulation, biomass and lipid productivity and changes in fatty acid composition of Nannochloropsis oculata were investigated under nitrogen (N) limitation (nitrate:phosphate ...
Tkachuk V M - - 2014
The keratin fibers contain small amount of the internal lipids which are in free state or bound with fiber proteins via tioester of 18-methyleicosanoic acid. Today the origin of these lipids, their composition and functional properties are still not found. Therefore, our objective was to examine the content and composition ...
Li Cong C Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding of Ministry of Agriculture, National Engineering Laboratory of Animal Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2014
Detecting genes associated with milk fat composition could provide valuable insights into the complex genetic networks of genes underling variation in fatty acids synthesis and point towards opportunities for changing milk fat composition via selective breeding. In this study, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for 22 milk fatty ...
Waszkowiak Katarzyna K Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznan University of Life Sciences, ul Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-624 Poznan, - - 2014
Flaxseeds have been recently in focus due to the antioxidant capacity of some of their compounds. However, there is a lack of easily accessible information concerning their activity against lipid oxidation in food systems. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine the effect of defatted meals (DFM) and ...
Liang Yue Y Division of Biotechnology and Life Science, Institute of Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16, Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan. - - 2014
The marine oleaginous diatom Fistulifera solaris JPCC DA0580 is a candidate for biodiesel production because of its high lipid productivity. However, the substantial eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) content in this strain would affect the biodiesel quality. On the other hand, EPA is also known as the essential health supplement for humans. ...
Kulakovskaya Ekaterina E Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of - - 2014
Antibiotic activity was compared for Cryptococcus humicola cellobiose lipids, the mixture of 2,3,4-О-triacetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-(6-О-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→16)-2,16-dihydroxyhexodecanoic acid and 2,3,4-О-triacetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-(6-О-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→16)-2,17,18-trihydroxyoctotodecanoic acid, and the commercial sophorose lipid mixture of a mono-acetylated acidic sophorose lipid and a di-acetylated acidic sophorose lipid, both containing the C18:1 fatty acid residue. The MIC values of cellobiose lipids were 0.005 ...
Wang Chao - - 2014
Obesity is a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome, including insulin resistance (IR), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and cardiovascular disease; ectopic fat deposition plays a key role in the development of these conditions. In insulin-resistant and/or T2DM patients, lipid accumulation is increased in skeletal muscle; the intramuscular accumulation of ...
Yu Lili L The National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement (NFCRI), Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, MOA Key Laboratory of Soybean Biology (Beijing), Beijing, China; Institute of Life Sciences, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, China; Research Center for Immunology, Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xinxiang Medical College, Henan Province, Xinxiang, - - 2014
Seed storage oil, in the form of triacylglycerol (TAG), is degraded to provide carbon and energy during germination and early seedling growth by the fatty acid β-oxidation in the peroxisome. Although the pathways for lipid degradation have been uncovered, understanding of the exact involved enzymes in soybean is still limited. ...
Fares Hassan H Department of Hospital Medicine, Ochsner Medical Center, New Orleans, LA, - - 2014
Hypertriglyceridemia is a highly prevalent lipid abnormality and it is associated with atherosclerosis, with a growing body of evidence linking elevated triglycerides (TGs) with cardiovascular disease. The current major omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)/docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) combination, lowers serum TGs while often increasing levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. ...
van Schalkwijk Daniël B DB TNO, Zeist, the Netherlands; Analytical Sciences division, The Leiden Amsterdam Centre for Drug Research, Leiden, the Netherlands; The Netherlands Bioinformatics Centre (NBIC), Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Dietary medium chain fatty acids (MCFA) and linoleic acid follow different metabolic routes, and linoleic acid activates PPAR receptors. Both these mechanisms may modify lipoprotein and fatty acid metabolism after dietary intervention. Our objective was to investigate how dietary MCFA and linoleic acid supplementation and body fat distribution affect the ...
Cao Yujin Y CAS Key Laboratory of Bio-based Materials, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, - - 2014
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are the best components for biodiesel when considering the low temperature fluidity and oxidative stability. However, biodiesel derived from vegetable oils or microbial lipids always consists of significant amounts of polyunsaturated and saturated fatty acids (SFAs) alkyl esters, which hampers its practical applications. Therefore, the fatty ...
Yang Sujeong S Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OES, - - 2014
Polymorphisms in ovine PrP at amino acid residues 141 and 154 are associated with susceptibility to ovine prion disease: Leu141Arg154 with classical scrapie and Phe141Arg154 and Leu141His154 with atypical scrapie. Classical scrapie is naturally transmissible between sheep, whereas this may not be the case with atypical scrapie. Critical amino acid ...
Radzik-Rant Aurelia - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine the fatty acid profile of intramuscular fat for genetically diverse sheep breeds kept in the same environmental and feeding conditions. The study was conducted on 30 (15 in each breed) wrzosówka and zelazneńska ram lambs slaughtered at 23-25 kg of life weight. ...
Xu Tao T Alkali Soil Natural Environmental Science Center, Northeast Forestry University, Key Laboratory of Saline-alkali Vegetation Ecology Restoration in Oil Field, Ministry of Education, Harbin, Heilongjiang, - - 2014
Betulinic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenoid that exhibits anticancer functions in human cancer cells. This study provides evidence that betulinic acid is highly effective against the human cervical cancer cell line HeLa by inducing dose- and time-dependent apoptosis. The apoptotic process was further investigated using a proteomics approach to reveal ...
Citil Ozcan Baris OB 0000-0003-1999-5805 Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Selcuk, 42075 Konya, - - 2014
Total fatty acid composition of muscle lipids in some fish species (Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı Dam Lake), Tinca tinca (Işıklı Dam Lake), Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Işıklı Dam Lake), Cyprinus carpio (Karacaören Dam Lake), and Carassius carassius (Karacaören Dam Lake)) was determined by gas chromatography. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) of Cyprinus carpio (Işıklı ...
Huang Xuenian - - 2014
Itaconic acid, which has been declared to be one of the most promising and flexible building blocks, is currently used as monomer or co-monomer in the polymer industry, and produced commercially by Aspergillus terreus. However, the production level of itaconic acid hasn't been improved in the past 40 years, and mutagenesis ...
Huang Xuenian - - 2014
Itaconic acid is on the DOE (Department of Energy) top 12 list of biotechnologically produced building block chemicals and is produced commercially by Aspergillus terreus. However, the production cost of itaconic acid is too high to be economically competitive with the petrochemical-based products. Itaconic acid is generally produced from raw ...
Zhang Lin L Key Laboratory of Cultivation and Protection for Non-Wood Forest Trees, Ministry of Education, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan Province, People's Republic of China; Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of - - 2014
Tung tree (Vernicia fordii) provides the sole source of tung oil widely used in industry. Lack of fatty acid composition and molecular markers hinders biochemical, genetic and breeding research. The objectives of this study were to determine fatty acid profiles and develop unigene-derived simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in tung ...
Kimura Osamu O School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of - - 2014
The uptake mechanism of aristolochic acid I (AAI) was investigated using Caco-2 cells cultured on dishes and permeable membranes. The uptake of AAI from the apical membrane of Caco-2 cells cultured on a dish was rapid, and a decrease in the pH of the incubation medium significantly increased uptake. Incubation ...
Odens Herman H Department of Biochemistry and Center for Structural Biology, Wake Forest School of - - 2014
Fatty acid synthase (FASN) is the enzyme that synthesizes fatty acids de novo in human cells. Although FASN is generally expressed at low levels in most normal tissues, its expression is highly upregulated in many cancers. Consistent with this notion, inhibition of FASN activity has demonstrated potential to halt proliferation ...
Guan L-L LL Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Crop Gene Resources and Germplasm Enhancement in Southern China, Ministry of Agriculture, - - 2014
Three ω-3 fatty acid desaturase genes (CtFAD3, CtFAD7, and CtFAD8) were isolated from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Transcript analysis showed that the highest transcript levels were detected for CtFAD3 and the low transcript levels were detected for CtFAD7 and CtFAD8 in flowers. This result indicates that CtFAD3 enzyme activity is ...
Purwaha Preeti P Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX 77054 - - 2014
L-asparaginase (L-ASP) is a therapeutic enzyme used clinically for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. L-ASP's anticancer activity is believed to be associated primarily with depletion of asparagine, but secondary glutaminase activity has also been implicated in its anticancer mechanism of action. To investigate the effects of L-ASP on ...
Sloothaak Jasper J Microbial Systems & Synthetic Biology, Laboratory of Systems and Synthetic Biology, Wageningen University, Dreijenplein 10, Wageningen, NL-6703, HB, - - 2014
Pectin is a structural heteropolysaccharide of the primary cell walls of plants and as such is a significant fraction of agricultural waste residues that is currently insufficiently used. Its main component, D-galacturonic acid, is an attractive substrate for bioconversion. The complete metabolic pathway is present in the genome of Aspergillus ...
Kumari Arti A Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi South Campus, New Delhi, - - 2014
One of the major issues with heterologous production of proteins in Pichia pastoris X33 under AOX1 promoter is repeated methanol induction. To obviate repeated methanol induction, methyl esters were used as a slow release source of methanol in lipase expressing mut+ recombinant. Experimental design was based on the strategy that ...
Chang Yan-Xu YX Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China; State Key Laboratory of New-tech for Chinese Medicine Pharmaceutical Process, Kanion Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, Lianyungang, - - 2014
A sensitive on-line DPPH-CE-DAD method was developed and validated for both screening and determining the concentration of seven antioxidants of Reduning injection. The pH and concentrations of buffer solution, SDS, β-CD and organic modifier were studied for the detection of DPPH and seven antioxidants. By on-line mixing DPPH and sample ...
Pick Thea R TR Institut für Biochemie der Pflanzen, Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences, Heinrich-Heine Universität Düsseldorf Düsseldorf, - - 2014
Beyond their role in photosynthesis plastids provide a plethora of additional metabolic functions to plant cells. For example, they harbor complete biosynthetic pathways for the de novo synthesis of carotenoids, fatty acids, and amino acids. Furthermore plastids contribute important reactions to multi-compartmentalized pathways, such as photorespiration or plant hormone syntheses, ...
Kodama Tetsuya T Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan; Structural Biology Research Center and Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, - - 2014
Benzylidene acetal-type bridged nucleic acids (BA-BNAs) have a bridged structure that cleaves upon exposure to appropriate external stimuli, which induces changes in oligonucleotide properties. In particular, duplex stability and resistance to enzymatic digestion vary depending on the incorporation number and/or position of BA-BNAs. This unit describes the synthesis of some ...
De Mel Damitha D NeuroAllergy Research Laboratory (NARL), School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Engineering and Built Environment, 75 Pigdons Road, Waurn Ponds, Victoria 3216, Australia. - - 2014
Omega-3 (ω-3) fatty acids are one of the two main families of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). The main omega-3 fatty acids in the mammalian body are α-linolenic acid (ALA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Central nervous tissues of vertebrates are characterized by a high concentration of ...
Fu Mingchuan M College of Life Sciences and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China. - - 2014
Amino acids show apparent propensities toward their neighbors. In addition to preferences of amino acids for their neighborhood context, amino acid substitutions are also considered to be context-dependent. However, context-dependence patterns of amino acid substitutions still remain poorly understood. Using relative entropy, we investigated the neighbor preferences of 20 amino ...
El-Sherif Ahmed A AA Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt ; Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Northern Border University, Rafha, Saudi - - 2014
The review is mainly concerned with the protonation equilibria of biologically active ligands like amino acids, peptides, DNA constituents, and amino acid esters in nonaqueous media. Equilibrium concentrations of proton-ligand formation as a function of pH were investigated. Also, thermodynamics associated with protonation equilibria were also discussed.
Yan Zheng-Fei ZF College of Chinese Medicinal Materials, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, - - 2014
The aim of the present study is to preliminarily investigate the antimelanogenesis effect of Inonotus obliquus extracts by cell-free mushroom tyrosinase assay. It was found that petroleum ether and n-butanol extracts might contain unknown potential tyrosinase inhibitors, while its ethyl acetate extract might contain some unknown accelerators. Six compounds were ...
Zhang Ling L Agro-Biotechnology Research Institute, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130033, - - 2014
The Delta-12 oleate desaturase gene (FAD2-1), which converts oleic acid into linoleic acid, is the key enzyme determining the fatty acid composition of seed oil. In this study, we inhibited the expression of endogenous Delta-12 oleate desaturase GmFad2-1b gene by using antisense RNA in soybean Williams 82. By employing the ...
Cao Heping H U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of - - 2014
Momordica charantia is often called bitter melon, bitter gourd or bitter squash because its fruit has a bitter taste. The fruit has been widely used as vegetable and herbal medicine. Alpha-eleostearic acid is the major fatty acid in the seeds, but little is known about its biosynthesis. As an initial ...
Peng Lili L CAS Key Laboratory of Microbial Physiological and Metabolic Engineering, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
Lactic acid is one of the top 30 potential building-block chemicals from biomass, of which the most extensive use is in the polymerization of lactic acid to poly-lactic-acid (PLA). To reduce the cost of PLA, the search for cheap raw materials and low-cost process for lactic acid production is highly ...
Xie Ding D Department of Physiology, Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, Augusta, Georgia, United States of - - 2014
We have previously shown that liposomes composed of egg-derived phosphatidylglycerol (PG), with a mixed fatty acid composition (comprising mainly palmitate and oleate), inhibit the proliferation and promote the differentiation of rapidly dividing keratinocytes, and stimulate the growth of slowly proliferating epidermal cells. To determine the species of PG most effective ...
Cybulska Justyna J Institute of Agrophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lublin, - - 2014
Pectins, forming a matrix for cellulose and hemicellulose, determine the mechanics of plant cell walls. They undergo salient structural changes during their development. In the presence of divalent cations, usually calcium, pectins can form gel-like structures. Because of their importance they have been the subject of many force spectroscopy experiments, ...
Mulvey J Justin JJ Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry Program, Sloan Kettering Institute, New York, NY, USA ; Tri-Institutional MD-PhD Program, New York, NY, - - 2014
We aimed to create a more robust and more accessible standard for amine-modifying single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). A 1,3-cycloaddition was developed using an azomethine ylide, generated by reacting paraformaldehyde and a side-chain-Boc (tert-Butyloxycarbonyl)-protected, lysine-derived alpha-amino acid, H-Lys(Boc)-OH, with purified SWCNT or C60. This cycloaddition and its lysine adduct provides the ...
Flinner Nadine N Cluster of Excellence Macromolecular Complexes, Center of Membrane Proteomics, Department of Biosciences, Molecular Cell Biology of Plants, GU Frankfurt am Main, 60439 Frankfurt, Germany. - - 2014
The hydrophobic thickness of membranes, which is manly defined by fatty acids, influences the packing of transmembrane domains of proteins and thus can modulate the activity of these proteins. We analyzed the dynamics of the dimerization of Glycophorin A (GpA) by molecular dynamics simulations to describe the fatty acid dependence ...
Nair Sandhya V G SV Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
Phloridzin (phlorizin or phloretin 2'-O-glucoside) is known for blocking intestinal glucose absorption. We have investigated the anticarcinogenic effect of phloridzin and its novel derivatives using human cancer cell lines. We have synthesised novel acylated derivatives of phloridzin with six different long chain fatty acids by regioselective enzymatic acylation using Candida ...
Ostolska Iwona I Department of Radiochemistry and Colloids Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, M. Curie-Sklodowska Sq. 3, 20-031 Lublin, - - 2014
In the presented paper, the influence of the molecular weight and the type of polyamino acid functional groups on the electrokinetic properties and the stability of chromium (III) oxide suspension were examined. Analysis of the data obtained from the adsorption, potentiometric titration, zeta potential, and stability measurements allows to propose ...
Ginter E - - 2014
The world-wide epidemic of obesity is now affecting up to a third of the adult population. Research attempting to contribute to management of this health scourge has been recently refocused on the essential role of physical activity. Muscle activity induces a dramatic increase in transcription of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ...
Gopalakrishnan Vidyadharani V 0000-0001-7701-9584 Fermentation Technology Lab, Department of Microbiology, Periyar University, Salem-11, Tamil Nadu 636011, - - 2014
Microalgae lipid feedstock preparation cost was an important factor in increasing biodiesel fuel hikes. This study was conducted with the concept of implementing an effluent wastewater as lipid production medium for microalgae cultivation. In our study textile dyeing industry effluent was taken as a lipid production medium for Neochloris sp. ...
Münchow Eliseu A EA Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, UFPEL - Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, - - 2014
Composite resins may undergo wear by the action of chemical substances (e.g., saliva, alcohol, bacterial acids) of the oral environment, which may affect the material's structure and surface properties. This study evaluated the effect of acidic substances on the surface properties of a micro-hybrid composite resin (Filtek Z-250). Eighty specimens ...
Sugimoto Iwao I School of Computer Science, Tokyo University of Technology, Katakura, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0982, Japan ; Graduate School of Bionics, Tokyo University of Technology, Katakura, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0982, - - 2014
Thin layers of pyroglutamic acid (Pygl) have been deposited by thermal evaporation of the molten L-glutamic acid (L-Glu) through intramolecular lactamization. This deposition was carried out with the versatile handmade low-vacuum coater, which was simply composed of a soldering iron placed in a vacuum degassing resin chamber evacuated by an ...
Toyama Daniela O DO UNESP, Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista, PraÇa Infante Dom Henrique s/no, Bairro Parque Bitaru, 11330-900 São Vicente, SP, - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of chlorogenic acid (5-caffeoylquinic acid, 5CQA), isolated from Baccharis oxyodonta, on the structure and pharmacological effect of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) from Crotalus durissus terrificus. All in vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted using a purified sPLA2 compared under ...
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