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Results 401 - 450 of 1839
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Parthasarathy Anutthaman - - 2011
Expression of six genes from two glutamate fermenting clostridia converted Escherichia coli into a producer of glutaconate from 2-oxoglutarate of the general metabolism (Djurdjevic, I. et al. 2010, Appl. Environ. Microbiol.77, 320-322). The present work examines whether this pathway can also be used to reduce 2-oxoadipate to (R)-2-hydroxyadipic acid and ...
Shi Yeu-Ching - - 2011
Monascus-fermented products have been used in food, medicine, and industry dating back over a thousand years in Asian countries. Monascus-fermented products contained several bioactive metabolites such as pigments, polyketide monacolins, dimerumic acid, and γ-aminobutyric acid. Scientific reports showed that Monascus-fermented products proved to be effective for the management of blood ...
Tarazona-Díaz Martha Patricia - - 2011
The fresh-cut industry produces thousands of tons of waste in non-edible portions that present an environmental and management problem. These by-products could be reused, in particular, to obtain bioactive compounds. In this study, five different fresh-cut watermelon cultivars were assessed for their flesh and by-product bioactive contents. The amount of ...
Zia-Ur-Rehman - - 2011
G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) is a protein family that is found only in the Eukaryotes. They are used for the interfacing of cell to the outside world and are involved in many physiological processes. Their role in drug development is evident. Hence, the prediction of GPCRs is very much demanding. ...
De Vuyst Luc - - 2011
Inulin-type fructans are not digested and reach the human colon intact, where they are selectively fermented by the colon microbiota, in particular bifidobacteria. As a result, they are converted, directly or indirectly, to short-chain fatty acids and other organic acids, as well as gases, and lead to both bifidogenic and ...
Won S G - - 2011
In this study, a series of tests were conducted in a 6L anaerobic sequencing batch reactor (ASBR) to investigate the effect of pH, hydraulic retention time (HRT) and organic loading rate on biohydrogen production at 28°C. Sucrose was used as the main substrate to mimic carbohydrate-rich wastewater and inoculum was ...
Boettler Ute - - 2011
Recently, the coffee constituents 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (CGA) and N-methylpyridinium (NMP) were identified as inducers of the Nrf2/antioxidant-response element (ARE) detoxifying pathway under cell-culture condition. To study the impact of CGA and NMP on the Nrf2-activating properties of a complex coffee beverage, two different model coffees were generated by variation of ...
Olutoye M A - - 2011
The synthesis of fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) as a substitute to petroleum diesel was investigated in this study from crude jatropha oil (CJO), a non-edible, low-cost alternative feedstock, using aluminium modified heterogeneous basic oxide (Mg-Zn) catalyst. The transesterification reaction with methanol to methyl esters yielded 94% in 6h with ...
Thitiprasert Sitanan - - 2011
Rhizopus oryzae is becoming more important due to its ability to produce an optically pure L: -lactic acid. However, fermentation by Rhizopus usually suffers from low yield because of production of ethanol as a byproduct. Limiting ethanol production in living immobilized R. oryzae by inhibition of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) was ...
Yang Hong - - 2011
Abstract When cultured hepatocytes are exposed to challenging environments such as plasma, they frequently suffer a decline in liver-specific functions. Media supplements are sought to reduce or eliminate this effect. A rational design approach for amino acid supplementation in hepatocyte culture has been developed in our prior work, and designed ...
Tietel Zipora - - 2011
Mandarin sensory acceptability deteriorates rapidly after harvest. To gain a better understanding of the molecular processes that occur in 'Mor' mandarin flesh and contribute to flavor deterioration during storage, we performed genome-wide transcriptional profiling analysis using the Affymetrix Citrus GeneChip. Out of 30,171 probe sets representing citrus transcripts on the ...
Kurayama Ryota - - 2011
Molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways leading to cellular proliferation and lesion formation in the crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN) remain elusive. In the present study we have explored a potential role of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway and amino acid transporter (LAT) in the pathogenesis of CGN. ...
Raghuwanshi Shailendra - - 2011
An indigenously isolated strain of Bacillus sphaericus was found to produce 1.21IU/ml of tannase under unoptimized conditions. Optimizing the process one variable at a time resulted in the production of 7.6IU/ml of tannase in 48h in the presence of 1.5% tannic acid. A 9.26-fold increase in tannase production was achieved ...
Rau Jan Erik - - 2011
A simple and practicable method for in-gel detection of bacterial produced L-amino acid oxidases (L-AAOs) after non-denaturing SDS-PAGE based on the visualisation of occurring hydrogen peroxide production is described. Advantages of this screening method for L-AAOs are the determination of their numbers and approximate molecular weights additionally in one approach.
Bowen Sean - - 2011
Carbon-13 NMR has traditionally been a method of choice for the determination of metabolic pathways. Through fractional labeling, (13) C spectra allow the identification of fragments incorporated as a unit into a biosynthesized molecule. The low sensitivity of (13) C spectroscopy is an impediment to such studies, especially if compounded ...
Li Jian - - 2011
An industrial fermentation system using lignocellulosic hydrolysate, waste yeast hydrolysate, and mixed alkali to achieve high-yield, economical succinic acid production by Actinobacillus succinogenes was developed. Lignocellulosic hydrolysate and waste yeast hydrolysate were used efficiently as carbon sources and nitrogen source instead of the expensive glucose and yeast extract. Moreover, as ...
Geatches Dawn L - - 2011
Because of the importance of mineral catalyzed decarboxylation reactions in both crude oil formation and, increasingly, biofuel production, we present a model study into the decarboxylation of the shortest fatty acid, propionic acid C(2)H(5)COOH, into an alkane and CO(2) catalyzed by a pyrophillite-like, phyllosilicate clay. To identify the decarboxylation pathway, ...
Higashide Wendy - - 2011
Producing biofuels directly from cellulose, known as consolidated bioprocessing, is believed to reduce costs substantially compared to a process in which cellulose degradation and fermentation to fuel are accomplished in separate steps. Here we present a metabolic engineering example for the development of a Clostridium cellulolyticum strain for isobutanol synthesis ...
Yu Ai-Qun - - 2011
On the molecular and biochemical levels, the effects of different carbon sources on biomass production, fatty acid biosynthesis, and gene expression of three desaturases were investigated in Mortierella alpina ATCC 16266, at a stationary phase, which is an important filamentous fungus capable of producing various polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). The ...
Zhang Dalong - - 2011
To further enhance repeated batch reactions with immobilized N-carbamoyl-D: -amino acid amidohydrolase (DCase), which can be used for the industrial production of D: -amino acids, the stability of high soluble mutant DCase-M3 from Ralstonia pickettii CGMCC1596 was improved by step-wise evolution. In our previous report, six thermostability-related sites were identified ...
Nadler André - - 2011
PpoA is a bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the dioxygenation of unsaturated C18 fatty acids. The products of this reaction are termed psi factors and have been shown to play a crucial role in conferring a balance between sexual and asexual spore development as well as production of secondary metabolites in ...
Coelho Luciana Fontes - - 2011
Sugar concentration from sugarcane juice and yeast autolysate increased lactic acid production more than the other agro-industrial substrates tested. The concentrations of these two components were further optimized using the Plackett-Burman design and response surface method. A second-order polynomial regression model estimated that a maximal lactic acid production of 66.11 g/L ...
Hajduch Martin - - 2011
Proteomics is increasingly being used to understand enzyme expression and regulatory mechanisms involved in the accumulation of storage reserves in crops with sequenced genomes. During the past six years, considerable progress has been made to characterize proteomes of both mature and developing seeds, particularly oilseeds - plants which accumulate principally ...
Zhou Zhenming - - 2011
The objective of this study was to systematically evaluate and compare the effects of select antimethanogen compounds on methane production, feed digestion and fermentation, and populations of ruminal bacteria and methanogens using in vitro cultures. Seven compounds, including 2-bromoethanesulphonate (BES), propynoic acid (PA), nitroethane (NE), ethyl trans-2-butenoate (ETB), 2-nitroethanol (2NEOH), ...
Leo Gabriella - - 2011
Proteomic strategies are herein proved to be a complementary approach to the well established amino acid composition analysis for the characterization of the aging and deterioration phenomena occurring to proteinaceous materials in works-of-art. Amino acid analyses on several samples demonstrated that proteins in the frescoes from the Camposanto Monumentale in ...
Fónagy Adrien - - 2011
Most female moths produce species-specific sex pheromone blends in the modified epidermal pheromone gland (PG) cells generally located between the 8-9(th) abdominal segments. The biosynthesis is often regulated by Pheromone Biosynthesis Activating Neuropeptide (PBAN) either in or prior to de novo fatty acid synthesis or at the formation of oxygenated ...
Choorit Wanna - - 2011
Kinetic parameters for growth and extracellular 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) production of Rhodopseudomonas palustris KG31 under light and dark conditions in a medium containing volatile fatty acids (VFA) as the carbon sources were estimated using a Gompertz model. The lag phase for growth and the maximum specific growth rate under microaerobic-light ...
Hove-Jensen Bjarne - - 2011
In Escherichia coli , internalization and catabolism of organophosphonicacids are governed by the 14-cistron phnCDEFGHIJKLMNOP operon. The phnP gene product was previously shown to encode a phosphodiesterase with unusual specificity toward ribonucleoside 2',3'-cyclic phosphates. Furthermore, phnP displays shared synteny with phnN across bacterial phn operons. Here the role of PhnP ...
Gurram Mahender - - 2011
An enantiospecific and stereoselective total synthesis of the natural product (+)-crispine A has been demonstrated employing a Pictet-Spengler bis-cyclization reaction between commercially available (R)-(-)-methyl 2-amino-3-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)propanoate and 4-chloro-1,1-dimethoxybutane to preferentially provide the cis tricyclic adduct. Decarboxylation by a convenient two-step protocol provided the enantiopure natural product in three steps with an ...
Warui Douglas M - - 2011
The second of two reactions in a recently discovered pathway through which saturated fatty acids are converted to alkanes (and unsaturated fatty acids to alkenes) in cyanobacteria entails scission of the C1-C2 bond of a fatty aldehyde intermediate by the enzyme aldehyde decarbonylase (AD), a ferritin-like protein with a dinuclear ...
Creager Melinda S - - 2011
Spider silk has been evolutionarily optimized for contextual mechanical performance over the last 400 Ma. Despite precisely balanced mechanical properties, which have yet to be reproduced, the underlying molecular architecture of major ampullate spider silk can be simplified being viewed as a versatile block copolymer. Four primary amino acid motifs: ...
Maqbool Asim - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Dietary n-3 (omega-3) and n-6 (omega-6) PUFA have significant implications in health and disease prevention. Marine life is rich in long-chain n-3 PUFA. Children and adults in North America are reluctant fish eaters; canned tuna is a common fish in children's diets. Although a multitude of tuna products are ...
Kim Jaai - - 2011
Bacterial population dynamics during the start-up of three lab-scale anaerobic reactors treating different wastewaters, i.e., synthetic glucose wastewater, whey permeate, and liquefied sewage sludge, were assessed using a combination of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and real-time PCR techniques. The DGGE results showed that bacterial populations related to Aeromonas spp. ...
Ramachandran Hema - - 2011
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate-co-4-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB-co-3HV-co-4HB)] terpolymer was produced using Cupriavidus sp. USMAA2-4 via one-step cultivation process through combination of various carbon sources such as 1,4-butanediol or γ-butyrolactone with either 1-pentanol, valeric acid, or 1-propanol. Oleic acid was added to increase the biomass production. The composition of 3HV and 4HB monomers were greatly affected ...
Kuhlich Paul - - 2011
In this work, the behavior of the polycyclic musks 6-acetyl-1,1,2,4,4,7-hexamethyltetraline (AHTN) and 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta-γ-2-benzopyran (HHCB) was investigated upon disinfection by using sodium hypochlorite as disinfectant in a model disinfection basin in order to find new disinfection by-products (DBP). In the case of AHTN, the carboxylic acid 3,5,5,6,8,8-hexamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalene-2-carboxylic acid (AHTN-COOH) was generated ...
Silva Isa - - 2011
This work aimed to evaluate the effect of certain factors on the production of volatile phenols from the metabolism of p-coumaric acid by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) (Lactobacillus plantarum, L. collinoides and Pediococcus pentosaceus). The studied factors were: pH, l-malic acid concentration, glucose and fructose concentrations and aerobic/anaerobic conditions. It ...
Sharma Archana - - 2011
The production of acidic α-amylase by a novel acidophilic bacterium Bacillus acidicola TSAS1 was optimized in submerged fermentation using statistical approaches. The process parameters that significantly affected α-amylase production (starch, K(2)HPO(4), inoculum size and temperature) were identified by Plackett and Burman design. The optimum levels of the significant variables as ...
Theodorou Evaggelos C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: We have shown previously that AtoSC two-component system regulates the biosynthesis of E. coli cPHB [complexed poly-(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate]. METHODS: The AtoSC involvement on fatty acids metabolism, towards cPHB synthesis was studied using cPHB determination, gene expression and fatty acid metabolic pathways inhibitors. RESULTS: Deletion of the atoDAEB operon from the ...
Martin F - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oxidoreduction potential (Eh) on the biosynthesis of aroma compounds by lactic acid bacteria in non-fat yogurt. The study was done with yogurts fermented by Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. The Eh was modified by the application of different gaseous ...
Ni Hong-Min - - 2011
Determination of autophagic flux is essential to assess and differentiate between the induction or suppression of autophagy. Western blot analysis for free GFP fragments resulting from the degradation of GFP-LC3 within the autolysosome has been proposed as one of the autophagic flux assays. However, the exact dynamics of GFP-LC3 during ...
Hansen Allison K - - 2011
The evolution of intimate symbiosis requires the coordination of gene expression and content between the distinct partner genomes; this coordination allows the fusion of capabilities of each organism into a single integrated metabolism. In aphids, the 10 essential amino acids are scarce in the phloem sap diet and are supplied ...
Muir Ryann M - - 2011
Gallic acid (GA), a key intermediate in the synthesis of plant hydrolysable tannins, is also a primary anti-inflammatory, cardio-protective agent found in wine, tea, and cocoa. In this publication, we reveal the identity of a gene and encoded protein essential for GA synthesis. Although it has long been recognized that ...
Zhuang Yibin - - 2011
Cottoquinazoline D (3), a new alkaloid with a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid residue rarely discovered in nature, was isolated and identified together with two new quinazolinone alkaloids, cottoquinazolines B (1) and C (2), from coral-associated fungus Aspergillus versicolor LCJ-5-4. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated based on spectroscopic methods, X-ray single ...
Cruite Justin Thomas - - 2011
Cellular PrP is actively cycled between the cell surface and the endosomal pathway. The exact site and mechanism of conversion from PrPC to PrPSc remains unknown. We have previously used recombinant antibodies containing grafts of PrP sequence to identify three regions of PrPC (aa23-27, 98-110 and 136-158) that react with ...
Frias Janice A - - 2011
OleA catalyzes the condensation of fatty acyl groups in the first step of bacterial long-chain olefin biosynthesis, but the mechanism of the condensation reaction is controversial. In this study, OleA from Xanthomonas campestris was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The purified protein was shown to be active ...
Kwan Jason Christopher JC Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA. - - 2011
Quorum sensing (QS) is a mechanism of bacterial gene regulation in response to increases in population density. Perhaps most studied are QS pathways mediated by acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) in Gram-negative bacteria. Production of small molecule QS signals, their accumulation within a diffusion-limited environment and their binding to a LuxR-type receptor ...
Zhang Zhi-Jun - - 2011
The enantioselective hydrolysis of mandelonitrile with whole cells of a recombinant Escherichia coli expressing nitrilase activity was severely inhibited by the substrate at high concentrations (>300mM), which resulted in a low yield of the target product (R)-(-)-mandelic acid. To relieve the substrate inhibition and to enhance the (R)-(-)-mandelic acid productivity, ...
Ahn Jae-Hyung - - 2011
The production of butanol from thin stillage by Clostridium pasteurianum DSM 525 was evaluated in the paper. At initial pH values ranging from 5.0 to 7.0 C. pasteurianum DSM 525 produced 6.2-7.2g/L of butanol utilizing glycerol in thin stillage as the main carbon source, with yields of 0.32-0.44g butanol produced/g ...
Tian Qiang - - 2011
1,2-Cyclopropaneacetylated sugars as glycosyl donors reacted with a series of glycosyl acceptors (monosaccharides, amino acids, and other alcohols) in the presence of Lewis acid to produce oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates containing 2-C-acetylmethylsugars. Galactosyl donor gave good to excellent α-selectivities with TMSOTf as a catalyst, whereas galactosyl donor offered moderate to good ...
Gaveglio Virginia L - - 2011
The aim of the present research was to analyse the pathways for phosphatidic acid metabolism in purified nuclei from cerebellar cells. Lipid phosphate phosphatase and diacylglyceride lipase activities were detected in nuclei from cerebellar cells. It was observed that DAGL activity makes up 50% of LPP activity and that PtdOH ...
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