Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1837
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Sakowski Tomasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of metabolic overload in cows maintained in organic herds is very likely, because organic production promotes feeding with high roughage diets and discourages supplementation with concentrates supplementation. It has the potential to negatively affect milk quality. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of ...
Hristov A N - - 2012
The objective of this experiment, part of a larger study, was to investigate changes in rumen bacterial, archaeal, and fungal diversity in cows fed medium-chain saturated fatty acids. In the main study, 6 lactating dairy cows were dosed intraruminally with 240 g/cow per day of stearic (SA, control), lauric (LA), ...
Siciliano Carlo - - 2013
High resolution (1)H NMR spectroscopy was proposed for the determination of the fatty acid chain profile of lipids in pork meat products during ripening. Two typical Mediterranean PDO salami produced in Calabria, a region in the Southern Italy, were chosen as a case of study. Quantitative NMR analysis provided the ...
Hess T M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different sources of dietary omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplementation on plasma, red blood cell, and skeletal muscle fatty acid compositions in horses. Twenty-one mares were blocked by age, BW, and BCS and assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ...
Tessema Girum Tadesse - - 2012
Listeria monocytogenes , an important foodborne pathogen, commonly encounters organic acids in food-related environments. The transcriptome of L. monocytogenes L502 was analyzed after adaptation to pH 5 in the presence of acetic acid, lactic acid, or hydrochloric acid (HCl) at 25 °C, representing a condition encountered in mildly acidic ready-to-eat food kept at ...
Zhang Haofei H Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United - - 2012
2-Methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MBO) is an important biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emitted by pine trees and a potential precursor of atmospheric secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in forested regions. In the present study, hydroxyl radical (OH)-initiated oxidation of MBO was examined in smog chambers under varied initial nitric oxide (NO) and aerosol ...
Andrews Duncan U - - 2012
Current atmospheric models underestimate the production of organic acids in the troposphere. We report a detailed kinetic model of the photochemistry of acetaldehyde (ethanal) under tropospheric conditions. The rate constants are benchmarked to collision-free experiments, where extensive photo-isomerization is observed upon irradiation with actinic ultraviolet radiation (310 to 330 nanometers). ...
Webb Matthew J - - 2012
In this report we use the weak interactions of acid-porphyrin complexes to selectively bind competing acids to the faces of a rigid cyclic porphyrin dimer, and characterise the resulting interactions by NMR spectroscopy and nano-electrospray ionisation spectrometry.
Moschen Ivano - - 2012
Metabolism of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in the brain, particularly that of acetate, appears to occur mainly in astrocytes. The differential use has been attributed to transport, but the extent to which transmembrane movement of SCFA is mediated by transporters has not been investigated systematically. Here we tested the possible ...
Berkovic Andrea M - - 2012
The laser flash photolysis technique (λ(exc)=355nm) was used to investigate the mechanism of the HgCl(2) reduction mediated by CO(2)(-) radicals generated from quenching of the triplet states of 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) by formic acid. Kinetic simulations of the experimental signals support the proposed reaction mechanism. This system is of potential interest ...
Maciejewska Magdalena - - 2012
Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) was applied at infinite dilution to evaluate the surface properties of calcium and magnesium oxide nanoparticles and the effect of surface grafted unsaturated carboxylic acid on the nanopowder donor-acceptor characteristics. The dispersive components (γ(s)(D)) of the free energy of the nanopowders were determined by Gray's method, ...
Egusa Shizuka - - 2012
Direct and efficient enzymatic synthesis of long-chain cellulose from cellobiose in its original form was successfully achieved via the combination of a surfactant-enveloped enzyme (SEE) and a protic acid in an aprotic organic solvent, lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide system. The SEE biocatalyst was prepared by protecting the surface of cellulase with the ...
Lee Leo M Y - - 2012
Retinoic acid, an active metabolite of vitamin A, plays essential signaling roles in mammalian embryogenesis. Nevertheless, it has long been recognized that overexposure to vitamin A or retinoic acid causes widespread teratogenesis in rodents as well as humans. Although it has a short half-life, exposure to high levels of retinoic ...
Li Jing - - 2012
Lysinibacillus sphaericus is a bacterium incapable of metabolizing sugars with the sole exception of N-acetylglucosamine. To unravel the regulatory role of catabolite control protein A (CcpA) in the sugar metabolism of L. sphaericus, a ccpA deficient mutant was constructed by homologous recombination. The mutant showed growth deficiency and a low ...
Kim Byoung-Hyoun - - 2012
Enantiomeric separations of N-phthaloyl (N-PHT), N-tetrachlorophthaloyl (N-TCPHT), and N-naphthaloyl (N-NPHT) α-amino acids and their esters were examined on several kinds of polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phases (CSPs). Resolution capability of CSPs was greater Chiralcel OF than the others for N-PHT and N-NPHT α-amino acids and their esters. In N-TCPHT α-amino acids ...
Adhikari Manab Deb - - 2012
Biocompatible organic acids and citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles were interacted with nisin to generate robust antimicrobial agents, which display archetypical nisin activity even at elevated pH.
Lokesh - - 2012
Weak orienting medium: Self-assembly of alkaline salt of folic acid yielded a weak liquid-crystalline phase in an aqueous environment. This medium has the ability to discriminate enantiomers. The mesophase exists over a broad range and has the physical parameter dependent tunability of degree of alignment.
Yu Cao Guo - - 2012
Bazooka (Par-3) is a conserved polarity regulator that organizes molecular networks in a wide range of cell types. In epithelia, it functions as a plasma membrane landmark to organize the apical domain. Bazooka is a scaffold protein that interacts with proteins through its three PDZ (postsynaptic density 95, discs large, ...
Pezzicoli Alfredo - - 2012
By sequence analysis of available GBS genomes, we discovered a conserved putative operon involved in the catabolism of sialic acid, containing a tripartite transporter formed by two integral membrane components and a sugar-binding unit, named SAL0039. Expression analysis in the presence of different substrates revealed that SAL0039 was specifically up-regulated ...
Tran Hanh T M - - 2012
The myxomycetes are a group of primitive phagotrophic eukaryotes characterized by a distinctive plasmodial stage that is well known for its rapid growth rate. In the present study, biomass and lipid production of several different species of myxomycetes were investigated. Physarum polycephalum was found to produce the highest amounts of ...
Liu Hongli - - 2012
An unprecedented synergistic effect, obtained for rationally designed Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles supported on an acidic metal-organic framework (MOF), in the aerobic oxidation of the primary C-H bonds in toluene and derivates is reported.
Huo Shuhao - - 2012
Cultivation of Chlorella zofingiensis and nutrients removal in dairy wastewater were investigated in bench-scale outdoor ponds in winter, South China. The impacts of the two types of pH regulations, 5∼6% CO(2) and acetic acid (HAc) on this process were studied. After 6days cultivation, the removal rates of total nitrogen (TN) ...
Florence Ana Carolina R - - 2012
Development of dairy organic probiotic fermented products is of great interest as they associate ecological practices and benefits of probiotic bacteria. As organic management practices of cow milk production allow modification of the fatty acid composition of milk (as compared to conventional milk), we studied the influence of the type ...
Higuchi Masakazu - - 2012
Charged up: A novel porous coordination polymer with a charged organic surface (COS) comprising a zwitterionic organic linker, viologen, has been synthesized. The COS shows strong Lewis acidity accompanied with flexibility, and the isosteric heat of H(2) adsorption is 9.5 kJ mol(-1) , which is comparable to that of open metal ...
López-Gresa M Pilar - - 2012
(1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics has been applied to study the compatible interaction between tomato plants and Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV). A detailed time course of metabolic fingerprinting of ToMV-inoculated and non-inoculated systemically infected tomato leaves has provided a fundamental understanding of the metabolic state of the plant not ...
Venkata Mohan S - - 2012
Acid-rich effluent generated from acidogenic biohydrogen production process was evaluated as substrate for lipid synthesis by integrating with heterotrophic cultivation of mixed microalgae. Experiments were performed both with synthetic volatile fatty acids (SVFA) and fermented fatty acids (FFA) from biohydrogen producing reactor. Fatty acid based platform evidenced significant influence on ...
Hazari Amaruka - - 2012
A helping hand: Incorporation of Group 2 Lewis acids into a macrocycle appended to a phosphine ligand attached to a rhenium carbonyl complex promotes otherwise unfavorable transformations of coordinated CO (see scheme; M=Ca, Sr). These Lewis acids form relatively weak MO bonds, thereby enabling release of organic products from the ...
De Leonardis Antonella - - 2012
Rancimat induction time of palm oil (PO), several extra virgin olive oils (EV) and their binary blends have been determined at three different temperatures (120, 130 and 140°C). Analytical composition and oxidation stability of PO/EV blends were found to be a linear combination of the oil partners. Induction time of ...
Jørgensen Henry - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Environmental as well as cultivation factors may greatly influence the chemical composition of plants. The main factors affecting the chemical composition of foodstuff are level and type of fertilizer (conventional and organic cultivation systems), location or soil type, and year of harvest. Organic foods are defined as products that ...
Gupta Adarsha - - 2012
Marine microbes are competent organisms, some of which can accumulate large amounts of lipids. A yeast strain, Rhodotorula mucilaginosa AMCQ8A was isolated from the marine water of the Queenscliff region, Victoria, Australia. The yeast isolate was identified by sequencing 18s rDNA genes. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed scars on the ...
Souffriau Ben - - 2012
D-galacturonic acid is a major component of pectins but cannot be metabolized by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is assumed not to be taken up. We show that yeast displays surprisingly rapid low-affinity uptake of D-galacturonic acid, strongly increasing with decreasing extracellular pH and without saturation up to 1.5 M. There was ...
Liszt Kathrin Ingrid - - 2012
Wine may cause stomach irritation due to its stimulatory effect on gastric acid secretion, although the mechanisms by which wine or components thereof activate pathways of gastric acid secretion are poorly understood. We measured gastric pH with a non-invasive intra-gastric probe and demonstrated that administration of 125 ml white or ...
Yadav Rohan - - 2012
Here, we present the synthesis of two sialo-micelles to validate the significance of sialic acid orientation during specific carbohydrate-protein and carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions. Our data clearly suggest that orientation of carboxylic acid and glycerol side chains of sialic acid moieties exert fine tuning of ligand-receptor interactions.
Musatti Alida - - 2012
The study was aimed at investigating the best biotransformation conditions to increase intracellular glutathione (GSH) levels in samples of baker's yeast (S. cerevisiae) employing either the commercially available compressed and dried forms. Glucose, GSH precursors amino acids, as well as other cofactors, were dissolved in a biotransformation solution and yeast ...
Jain Swati S - - 2012
Insulin-, and contraction-induced GLUT4 and fatty acid (FA) transporter translocation may share common trafficking mechanisms. Our objective was to examine the effects of partial Munc18c ablation on muscle glucose and FA transport, FA oxidation, GLUT4 and FA transporter (FAT/CD36, FABPpm, FATP1, FATP4) trafficking to the sarcolemma, and FAT/CD36 to mitochondria. ...
Dolezelova Pavlina - - 2012
The exact role of the central acidic domain of Mdm2 in p53 degradation remains unclear. We therefore performed a systematic and comprehensive analysis of the acidic domain using a series of short deletions and found that only a minor part of the domain was indispensable for Mdm2-mediated p53 ubiquitylation. Moreover, ...
Koshikari Yoshiki - - 2012
Reverse micelle-type N,N-diarylammonium pyrosulfate (3-5 mol %) efficiently catalyzes the hydrolysis of esters (up to 100 mmol scale) under organic solvent-free conditions. The present method is successfully applied to the hydrolysis of various esters without the decomposition of the base-sensitive moieties and without any loss of optical purity for α-heterosubstituted ...
Niu Huanqing - - 2012
Simultaneous determination of organic acids using ion-exclusion liquid chromatography and ultraviolet detection is described. The chromatographic conditions are optimized when an Aminex HPX-87H column (300 × 7.8 mm) is employed, with a solution of 3 mmol/L sulfuric acid as eluent, a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min and a column temperature ...
Lian Jieni - - 2012
The presence of very reactive C1-C4 molecules adversely affects the quality bio-oils produced from the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic materials. In this paper a scheme to produce lipids with Cryptococcus curvatus from the carboxylic acids in the pyrolytic aqueous phase collected in fractional condensers is proposed. The capacities of three oleaginous ...
Careaga Valeria P - - 2012
The edible sea cucumber Athyonidium chilensis is a fishery resource of high commercial value in Chile, but no information on its lipid and fatty acid composition has been previously reported. Phospholipids were the major lipid contents of the ethanolic extracts of tubules, internal organs and body wall of A. chilensis. ...
Galdieri Luciano - - 2012
Histone acetylation depends on intermediary metabolism for supplying acetyl-CoA in the nucleocytosolic compartment. However, because nucleocytosolic acetyl-CoA is also used for de novo synthesis of fatty acids, histone acetylation and synthesis of fatty acids compete for the same acetyl-CoA pool. The first and rate-limiting reaction in de novo synthesis of ...
Keunchkarian Sonia - - 2012
A chiral anion-exchanger stationary phase based on cinchonidine (CD) was developed. Two columns were packed with and without endcapping (EC) treatment (CD-chiral stationary phase[CD-CSP(EC)] and [CD-CSP], respectively) and studied for their ability to separate N-2,4-dinitrophenyl α-amino acids (DNP-amino acids) enantiomers over a temperature range of 10-40 °C with a hydro-organic ...
Gezici Orhan - - 2012
Organic matter present in lignite samples collected from different depths (i.e. top, mid and bottom) of lignite source, Ilgın, Konya province, was examined by using subtractive-FTIR-ATR spectroscopy. FTIR spectra were recorded on (i) original samples, (ii) the samples dried at 105°C and (iii) the samples acid-treated and dried. After a ...
Ikarashi Ryuichi - - 2012
Abstract Background. Various substances including uric acid, organic acids and drugs are transported by organic anion transporters (OATs) in the kidney. In addition, a member of the OAT family, urate transporter 1 (URAT1), is involved in the reabsorption of uric acid from the renal tubule. Benzbromarone inhibits URAT1 to block ...
Uemura Hiroshi - - 2012
Recently, many genes involved in the formation of unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were isolated. In most cases, their activities were confirmed by expressing them in the well-studied model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae because its fatty acid compositions are very simple and it does not contain PUFAs. Taking advantage of ...
Hua Wen Jin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine transepithelial transport characteristics of rosuvastatin and effect of ursolic acid (P-gp potential inhibitor) and ko143 (ABC transporters selective inhibitor) on its transport in Caco-2 monolayers. A reliable Caco-2 cell monolayers model was established. The TEER value was used to inspect integrity of ...
Noblet Audrey - - 2012
Abstract The search for organic molecules at the surface of Mars is a top priority of the next Mars exploration space missions: Mars Science Laboratory (NASA) and ExoMars (ESA). The detection of organic matter could provide information about the presence of a prebiotic chemistry or even biological activity on this ...
Oh Nam Muk - - 2012
In order to develop a novel functional poly(l-amino acid) that can dissolve in volatile organic solvents, we prepared poly[l-aspartic acid-g-(3-diethylaminopropyl)]-b-poly(ethylene glycol) [poly(l-Asp-g-DEAP)-b-PEG] via the conjugation of 3-diethylaminopropyl (DEAP) to carboxylate groups of poly(l-Asp) (M(n) 4K)-b-PEG (M(n) 2K). This poly(l-aspartic acid) derivative evidenced a relatively high solubility in volatile organic solvents ...
Berrocal Alexander - - 2012
Aims:  For Ophiostoma (Ceratocystis) ulmi the ability to undergo morphological change is a crucial factor for its virulence. To gain an understanding of quorum-sensing activity in O. ulmi as it relates to yeast-mycelium dimorphism control, the present study examines the effects of branched-chain amino acids as well as their fusel ...
Limwikrant Waree - - 2012
A new 2/1 carbamazepine (CBZ)/malonic acid (MA) cocrystal polymorph form C was formed using a vibrational rod mill, whereas the known cocrystal polymorph form A was prepared using a ball mill. IR measurements showed that the interaction between CBZ and MA in cocrystal form C was formed by amide-carboxylic acid ...
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