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Beavers William N - - 2014
Lipid and lipid metabolite profiling are important parameters in understanding the pathogenesis of many diseases. Alkynylated polyunsaturated fatty acids are potentially useful probes for tracking the fate of fatty acid metabolites. The non-enzymatic and enzymatic oxidation of ω-alkynyl linoleic acid and ω-alkynyl arachidonic acid were compared to that of linoleic ...
Pérez-Masiá Rocío R Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA-CSIC), Avda. Agustin Escardino 7, 46980 Paterna (Valencia), - - 2015
In this work, two different technologies (electrospraying and nanospray drying) were evaluated for the encapsulation of folic acid using both a whey protein concentrate (WPC) matrix and a commercial resistant starch. The morphology of the capsules, molecular organization of the matrices upon encapsulation, encapsulation efficiency, and stability of the folic ...
Xu Xu X School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyoja-dong, Pohang 790-784, South - - 2014
As aquatic biomass which is called "the third generation biomass", Laminaria japonica (also known as Saccharina japonica) consists of mannitol and alginate which are the main polysaccharides of algal carbohydrates. In this study, oleaginous yeast (Cryptococcus curvatus) was used to produce lipid from carbon sources derived from Laminaria japonica. Volatile ...
Guney Murat M University of Çukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture & Biotechnology Research and Experimental Center, 01330, Balcal"ı, Adana, - - 2014
Kumquat (Fortuneless spp.) is one of the important fruit species introduced to Turkey recently. It is well adapted to Mediterranean region in Turkey. Early researches of kumquat were started on adaptation and pomological traits, only a few were concerned with chemical content. After understanding health benefits of kumquat fruits the ...
Lucci Paolo P Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotà D.C., - - 2015
This paper aims to provide a solid base for the utilisation of pomegranate whole seed ethanolic extract (PSEE) as a nutraceutical/functional food ingredient. PSEE was tested for its antioxidant and antiproliferative activities against different human cancer cell lines. Bioactive lipid compounds were identified by studying the PSEE lipid portion. PSEE ...
Jiménez Callejón María J MJ Area of Chemical Engineering, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, - - 2014
Saponifiable lipids (SLs) were extracted with hexane from wet biomass (86wt% water) of the microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana in order to transform them into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs, biodiesel). The influence of homogenization pressure on SL extraction yield at low temperature (20-22°C) was studied. Homogenization at 1700bar tripled the SL ...
Brown Jeffrey N JN Institute for Neurosciences and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
The common pasture earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa has often been neglected in environmental metabolomics in favour of easily laboratory-bred species. The present study assigns aqueous metabolites in A. caliginosa using high resolution 1- and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In total 51 aqueous metabolites were identified, including typical amino acids ...
Turner K E KE Animal Science, USDA, ARS, Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK 73036, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experiment was conducted in 2005-2007 to evaluate carcass and chevon (goat meat) quality parameters when meat-goat kids (n=72) were finished on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L; ALF); red clover (Trifolium pratense L.; RCG); or orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.; OGR) pastures. Carcass conformation score was greater (P=0.08) when meat-goat kids were ...
Chen Yeming Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan Univ, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214122, PR, - - 2014
In this study, the macronutrients and micronutrients of pH 6.8, 8.0, 9.5, and 11.0 extracted soybean oil bodies (OBs) were examined, revealing that soybean OBs might be used as a natural carrier for bioactive components (unsaturated fatty acids, phospholipid, tocopherol, and phytosterol). pH 6.8 extracted OBs (dry basis) contained 85.88% ...
Han H H Department of Animal Science, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2014
The survival of silage lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the gut of dairy cows was evaluated by examining the LAB communities of silage and gut contents. Samples were collected at 2 different research institutes (Mie and Okayama) that offered total mixed ration (TMR) silage throughout the year. Silage and feces ...
Lazzeri Elena E Excellence Centre for Research, Transfer and High Education for the Development of de novo Therapies, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Retinoids are essential in the development and function of several organs, exerting potent effects on stem cell systems. All-trans retinoic acid, through binding to the retinoic acid response elements, alters transcription of numerous genes in stem cells, leading to an exit from the self-renewing state and promoting differentiation. In the ...
Shyamkumar Rajaram R Department of Biotechnology, Kamaraj College of Engineering and Technology, Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
L-glutamic acid is one of the major amino acids that is present in a wide variety of foods. It is mainly used as a food additive and flavor enhancer in the form of sodium salt. Corynebacterium glutamicum (C. glutamicum) is one of the major organisms widely used for glutamic acid ...
Sato Shun S a Research Institute for Innovation in Sustainable Chemistry, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) , Tsukuba, Ibaraki , - - 2014
We demonstrate that 0.78 mm glyceric acid activated the proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts by about 45%, whereas 34 mm α-glucosylglyceric acid (GGA) increased collagen synthesis by the fibroblasts by 1.4-fold compared to that in the absence of GGA. The two substances also exerted protective effects on both DNA scission by the ...
Castaño J J Unidad de Desarrollo Tecnológico, Universidad de Concepción, Avda. Cordillera 2634, Coronel, - - 2014
Starch isolated from non-edible Aesculus hippocastanum seeds was characterized and used for preparing starch-based materials. The apparent amylose content of the isolated starch was 33.1%. The size of starch granules ranged from 0.7 to 35μm, and correlated with the shape of granules (spherical, oval and irregular). The chain length distribution ...
Ma Yubin Y Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, - - 2014
Nannochloropsis have attracted sustained interest from algal biodiesel researchers due to their high biomass accumulation rate and high lipid content. There are six recognized species in the Nannochloropsis genus that are phylogenetically divided into Nannochloropsis gaditana, Nannochloropsis salina, Nannochloropsis granulata, Nannochloropsis limnetica, Nannochloropsis oceanica and Nannochloropsis oculata. In this study, ...
Margaoan Rodica - - 2014
Total and individual carotenoids, fatty acid composition of total lipids and main lipid classes of 16 fresh bee collected pollen samples from Romania were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection and capillary gas chromatography with mass detection. Analyzed samples were found rich in lutein, while β-criptoxanthin ...
Senphan Theeraphol T Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, - - 2015
Lipids from striped catfish muscle were extracted with the aid of crude protease extract (CPE) from hepatopancrease of Pacific white shrimp at different levels (5-15unit/g protein) for various hydrolysis times (0-180min) at 60°C. Yield of lipids increased within the first 30min and was in agreement with increasing degree of hydrolysis. ...
Moriwaki Sayaka S a Laboratory of Molecular Function of Food, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture , Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
Yamogenin is a diastereomer of diosgenin, which we have identified as the compound responsible for the anti-hyperlipidemic effect of fenugreek. Here, we examined the effects of yamogenin on the accumulation of triacylglyceride (TG) in hepatocytes, because yamogenin is also contained in fenugreek. It was demonstrated that yamogenin also inhibited TG ...
Isogawa Danya D a Division of Applied Life Sciences , Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
Chitosan oligosaccharides longer than a hexamer have higher bioactivity than polymer or shorter oligosaccharides, such as the monomer or dimer. In our previous work, we generated Paenibacillus fukuinensis chitosanase-displaying yeast using yeast cell surface displaying system and demonstrated the catalytic base. Here we investigated the specific function of putative four ...
Kobayashi Keiichi K a Faculty of Science and Engineering, Department of Applied Chemistry , Waseda University , Shinjuku-ku , - - 2014
In the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, NADP(+)-specific isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP(+)-ICDH) catalyzes oxidative decarboxylation of isocitric acid to form α-ketoglutaric acid with NADP(+) as a cofactor. We constructed an NADP(+)-ICDH gene (icdA)-overexpressing strain (OPI-1) using Aspergillus niger WU-2223L as a host and examined the effects of increase in NADP(+)-ICDH activity on ...
Sahan U U Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, 16059 Bursa, Turkey - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to examine the changes in yolk and yolk sac fatty acid composition and also to investigate egg content, yolk absorption, embryo development during incubation, and chick quality at hatch in eggs from 36- and 52-wk-old broiler breeders. The fatty acid profiles of the ...
Sherkhanov Saken S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, UCLA-DOE Laboratory of Genomics and Proteomics, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Microbial fatty acids are an attractive source of precursors for a variety of renewable commodity chemicals such as alkanes, alcohols, and biofuels. Rerouting lipid biosynthesis into free fatty acid production can be toxic, however, due to alterations of membrane lipid composition. Here we find that membrane lipid composition can be ...
Garcia M M Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the effect of supplementing saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (FA) during late gestation of cows and during the preweaning period of calves on growth, health, and immune responses of calves. During the last 8 wk of pregnancy, Holstein cattle (n = 96) were fed no ...
Prieto N N Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 4-10 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, Canada; Lacombe Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 6000 C&E Trail, Lacombe, Alberta T4L 1W1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tested the ability of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict meat chemical composition, quality traits and fatty acid (FA) composition from 63 steers fed sunflower or flaxseed in combination with high forage diets. NIRS calibrations, tested by cross-validation, were successful for predicting crude protein, moisture and fat ...
Strillacci M G MG Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety (VESPA), University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133, Milan, - - 2014
A selective DNA pooling approach was applied to identify QTL for conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), vaccenic acid (VA) and Δ(9) -desaturase (D9D) milk content in Italian Brown Swiss dairy cattle. Milk samples from 60 animals with higher values (after correction for environmental factors) and 60 animals with lower values for ...
Ponnampalam Eric N EN Agriculture Research, Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Melbourne, VIC, 3001, Australia, - - 2014
Lipid oxidation of M. longissimus lumborum in fresh or vacuum packaged (aged) lamb meat stored at 3 °C for 0 or 4 weeks, respectively and displayed under refrigerated conditions for a further 4 days was assessed by measuring the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in meat using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances procedure. The ...
Shinn Sara - - 2014
Reports from chicken conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) feeding trials are limited to yolk total fatty acid composition, which consistently described increased saturated fatty acids and decreased monounsaturated fatty acids. However, information on CLA triacylglycerol (TAG) and phospholipid (PL) species is unavailable. This study determined fatty acid (FA) composition of total ...
Islam M A MA Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341, Bangladesh - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to get a total physical and chemical characterization and comparison of the principal components in Bangladeshi buffalo (B), Holstein cross (HX), Indigenous cattle (IC) and Red Chittagong Cattle (RCC) milk. Protein and casein (CN) composition and type, casein micellar size (CMS), naturally occurring ...
da Rosa Priscila Dallé PD Programa de Pós-graduação em Microbiologia Agrícola e do Meio Ambiente (PPGMAA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, - - 2014
Lipid homeostasis is well-known in oleaginous yeasts, but there are few non-oleaginous yeast models apart from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We are proposing the non-oleaginous yeast Candida zeylanoides QU 33 as model. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the carbon/nitrogen ratio and the type of nitrogen source ...
Rohwedder Arndt - - 2014
It is unclear how changes in lipid droplet size and number are regulated, whether this involves a signalling pathway, or is directed by cellular lipid uptake. Here we show that oleic acid stimulates lipid droplet formation through activating the long chain fatty acid receptor FFAR4 coupled through a pertussis toxin ...
Hibino Masahiro - - 2014
The molecular arrangements of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of cholesterol, cholesteryl laurate, and cholesteryl stearate adsorbed on a graphite surface were studied using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) at the liquid-solid interface. The STM images of the SAMs showed two-dimensional periodic arrays of bright regions that corresponded to the sterol rings. However, ...
Stevenson Julian - - 2014
Squalene monooxygenase (SM) catalyses the first oxygenation step in cholesterol synthesis, immediately before the formation of the steroid backbone at lanosterol. SM is an important control point in the pathway, and is regulated at the post-translational level by accelerated cholesterol-dependent ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, which is associated with the accumulation ...
Xiong Lian L a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , P.R. - - 2014
In this work, corncob acid hydrolysate and its simulated medium whose sugar composition was the same as the corncob acid hydrolysate were used as fermentation substrate for lipid production by oleaginous yeast Trichosporon dermatis. On the corncob acid hydrolysate, after seven days' fermentation, the biomass, lipid content, lipid yield and ...
Stabili L L Institute for Marine Coastal Environment (IAMC), C.N.R., via Roma 3, 74123 Taranto, Italy; Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, Centro Ecotekne Pal. B, S.P. 6 Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, with the advent of modern technologies, various marine organisms including algae are being studied as sources of natural substances effective on classical microorganisms and able to also combat the new trend of acquired resistance in microbes. In the present study the antimicrobial activity of the lipidic extract of the ...
Kaffarnik Stefanie S University of Hohenheim, Institute of Food Chemistry, Department of Food Chemistry, Garbenstr. 28, Stuttgart D-70599, - - 2014
4-Methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyloctanoic acid and 4-methylnonanoic acid are key-flavor compounds of sheep and goat. Yet, the low amounts of these volatile branched-chain fatty acids (vBCFAs) in the fat of the ruminants hampered their determination on a routine basis. In this work we developed a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry selected ion monitoring ...
Stergiadis S S Nafferton Ecological Farming Group, School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Nafferton Farm, Stocksfield, Northumberland NE43 7XD, - - 2014
Many studies show concentrations of nutritionally desirable fatty acids in bovine milk are lower when cows have no access to grazing, leading to seasonal fluctuations in milk quality if cows are housed for part of the year. This study investigated the potential to improve the fatty acid profiles of bovine ...
Nishi S K SK Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Clinical Nutrition & Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Nut consumption has been associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes which has been largely attributed to their healthy fatty acid profile, yet this has not been ascertained. Therefore, we investigated the effect of nut consumption on serum fatty acid concentrations and how these ...
Rattanapoltee Panida P Graduate School, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to optimize the lipid accumulation in microalgae by using two agricultural residues of pineapple peels and sugarcane bagasse as low-cost organic carbon sources. Green microalgae Scenedesmus acutus was isolated and selected for cultivation. Effects of three initial sugar concentrations and the stage for adding ...
Kelly M J MJ Center for Animal Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue associated with meat is an important factor for the beef industry because of its implications for human health, processing, meat quality, and palatability. Individual fatty acid composition is a trait under genetic control, so improvement via selective breeding of cattle is possible. The objective ...
Sasazaki Shinji - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of beef adipose tissue is one of its important traits because a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acid is related to favorable beef flavor and tenderness. In this study, we searched polymorphisms in full length coding DNA sequence of urotensin 2 recepter and investigated the effects on ...
Kozai Yuki Y a Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology , Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
We recently obtained evidence that unsaturated long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) (e.g. oleic acid) inhibit binding of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) to CD36. In the present study, we validated this prediction by examining inhibition by unsaturated LCFAs of Alexa-fluor-labeled oxLDL binding to multiwell plates onto which a synthetic CD36 peptide is ...
Salehi Mansoureh M Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 165, Urmia University, Urmia, - - 2014
To develop an in vitro regeneration system to increase the recovery of Carum copticum L. plantlets as a part of developing a metabolic engineering program. The efficacy of different concentrations and combinations of 6-benzyladenine, indole-3-acetic acid and indole butyric acid on direct shoot regeneration and rooting of ajowan from apical ...
Haniffa Mohammed Abdul Kader MA Centre for Aquaculture Research and Extension (CARE), St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai 627 002, - - 2014
Murrel namely Channa striatus or haruan contains all essential elements to maintain good health and to recover the lost energy after prolonged illness. The fatty acid composition (% of total fatty acid) indicated the abundant presence of C16:0 fatty acid as 30% and the other major fatty acids were C22:6 ...
Ma Donglin D Department of Cell Biology, Municipal Laboratory for Liver Protection and Regulation of Regeneration, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, - - 2014
Abnormal lipid metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) protein mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) to generate nascent HDL particles. Previous studies revealed that overexpression of ABCA1 or apoA-I alleviated hepatic lipid levels ...
Harlow Brittany E BE University of Kentucky, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
The goals were to determine if β-acid from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) could be used to control fructan fermentation by equine hindgut microorganisms, and to verify the antimicrobial mode of action on Streptococcus bovis, which has been implicated in fructan fermentation, hindgut acidosis, and pasture associated laminitis (PAL) in the ...
Custer Jenny E JE Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0006, - - 2014
The oral cariogenic bacterial pathogen Streptococcus mutans strain UA159 has become an important research organism strain since its genome was sequenced. However, there is a paucity of information on its lipidome using direct analytical biochemical approaches. We here report on comprehensive analyses of the major lipid classes and their fatty ...
Mahapatra Durga Madhab DM Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India; Centre for Sustainable Technologies (astra), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, - - 2014
Algae grown in outdoor reactors (volume: 10L and depth: 20cm) were fed directly with filtered and sterilised municipal wastewater. The nutrient removal efficiencies were 86%, 90%, 89%, 70% and 76% for TOC, TN, NH4-N, TP and OP, respectively, and lipid content varied from 18% to 28.5% of dry algal biomass. ...
Boulom Sayvisene S School of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, 34 St Paul Street, Auckland 1142, New - - 2014
Monthly changes of lipids, fatty acids, phytosterol and α-tocopherol in New Zealand brown macroalgae, Undaria pinnatifida, were investigated. U. pinnatifida lipid content ranged from 17 to 45mg/g in the blade and between 21 and 63mg/g in the sporophyll. It was a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with n-6 ...
Raphael W W College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes from periparturient cows can have exacerbated inflammatory responses that contribute to disease incidence and severity. Oxylipids derived from the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can regulate the magnitude and duration of inflammation. Although PUFA substrate for oxylipid biosynthesis in leukocytes is known to change across ...
Delgadillo-Puga Claudia C Nutrición Animal INCMNSZ, Vasco de Quiroga 15, 14000, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico, - - 2014
Organic agriculture and livestock farming is claimed to promote animal welfare and can offer animal products with better hygienic-sanitary quality, based on principles of health, ecology, fairness, and care. However, no clear advantages of organic milk (OM) versus conventional milk (CM) from tropical conditions are available. The aims of the ...
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