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Wang Juan J Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, 30 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, - - 2014
Four types of straws, namely, soybean, wheat, corn, and rice, were used to investigate their feasibility for lactic acid production. These straws mainly comprised cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. After ammonia pretreatment, the cellulose content increased, contrary to the decrease in hemicellulose and lignin contents. Analytical results showed that the liquid ...
Fukushima Keijo K Department of Biochemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 4228526, - - 2014
Human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1) and type 3 (hPIV3) initiate infection by sialic acid binding. Here, we investigated sialic acid linkage specificities for binding and infection of hPIV1 and hPIV3 by using sialic acid linkage-modified cells treated with sialidases or sialyltransferases. The hPIV1 is bound to only α2,3-linked sialic ...
Pang Ka-Lai KL Institute of Marine Biology and Center of Excellence for the Oceans, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Pei-Ning Road, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are fatty acids with more than one double bond in the chemical structure. Arachidonic acid (ARA, 20:4 (n-6)) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 22:5 (n-3)) are common PUFAs with beneficial health effects. Marine fish and meat are the main sources of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in ...
Wang Xiaojuan X Key Laboratory of Tropical Plant Resource and Sustainable Use, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 88 Xuefu Road, Kunming, 650223, - - 2014
Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L., Euphorbiaceae) seed oil is rich in α-linolenic acid, a kind of n-3 fatty acids with many health benefits. To discover the mechanism underlying α-linolenic acid accumulation in sacha inchi seeds, preliminary research on sacha inchi seed development was carried out from one week after fertilization ...
Tang Xin X State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 LiHu Road, Wuxi, 214122, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Twenty standard amino acids were examined as single nitrogen source on the growth, total fatty acids production, and yield of γ-linolenic acid (GLA) in Mucor circinelloides. Of the amino acids, tyrosine gave the highest biomass and lipid accumulation and thus resulted in a high GLA yield with respective values of ...
Imman Saksit S The Joint Graduate School for Energy and Environment (JGSEE), King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Prachauthit Road, Bangmod, Bangkok 10140, - - 2014
In this study, effects of homogeneous acid and alkali promoters on efficiency and selectivity of LHW pretreatment of rice straw were studied. The presences of acid (0.25%v/v H2SO4, HCl, H3PO4, and oxalic acid) and alkali (0.25w/v NaOH) efficiently promoted hydrolysis of hemicellulose, improved enzymatic digestibility of the solids, and lower ...
Zhou Shengfei S Department of Biological System Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural Engineering Building, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concept of co-production of liquid fuel (ethanol) along with animal feed on farm was proposed, and the strategy of using ambient-temperature acid pretreatment, ensiling and washing to improve ethanol production from alfalfa stems was investigated. Alfalfa stems were separated and pretreated with sulfuric acid at ambient-temperature after harvest, and ...
Wendlinger Christine - - 2014
Furan fatty acids (F-acids) are valuable antioxidants containing a furan moiety in the central part of the molecule. They occur in the lipids of different foodstuff and plants, with grass being the main source for their presence in milk fat and butter. Since cows from organic farming receive higher portions ...
Newsome Seth D SD *Biology Department, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA; Environment and Natural Resource Institute, University of Alaska-Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA; Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA; and School of Natural Sciences, University of California-Merced, Merced, CA 95343, USA - - 2014
Stable-isotope analysis (SIA) has revolutionized animal ecology by providing time-integrated estimates of the use of resources and/or habitats. SIA is based on the premise that the isotopic composition of a consumer's tissues originates from its food, but is offset by trophic-discrimination (enrichment) factors controlled by metabolic processes associated with the ...
Hiltunen Minna M Department of Biology, University of Eastern Finland, P.O. Box 111, 80101, Joensuu, Finland, - - 2014
We studied the copepod Limnocalanus macrurus for seasonal variation in the composition of fatty acids, wax esters and sterols in large boreal lakes, where it occurs as a glacial-relict. Vast wax ester reserves of Limnocalanus were accumulated in a period of only two months, and comprised mono- and polyunsaturated fatty ...
Torrinha Alvaro - - 2014
Octopus vulgaris, Octopus maya and Eledone cirrhosa from distinct marine environments [Northeast Atlantic (NEA), Northwest Atlantic (NWA), Eastern Central Atlantic, Western Central Atlantic (WCA), Pacific Ocean and Mediterranean Sea] were characterized regarding their lipid and vitamin E composition. These species are those commercially more relevant worldwide. Significant interspecies and inter-origin ...
Lichtenstein Alice H AH JM USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA, 02111, USA, - - 2014
Dietary trans double bond containing fatty acids have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are two main sources of dietary trans fatty acids: meat and dairy fats, and partially hydrogenated fats. Because of a number of factors, including changes in federal labeling requirements for packaged foods, and ...
Lopez-Villalobos Nicolas N Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University,Palmerston North,New - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate heritability and crossbreeding parameters (breed and heterosis effects) of various fatty acid (FA) concentrations in milk fat of New Zealand dairy cattle. For this purpose, calibration equations to predict concentration of each of the most common FAs were derived with partial least ...
Hwang J A JA Department of Animal Science and Technology, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 540-742, - - 2014
The study was designed to evaluate the effect of 2% seamustard (Undaria pinnatifida) by-product (SW) on growth performance, immunity, carcass characteristics, cholesterol content and fatty acid profile in Hanwoo steers. A total of 20 Hanwoo steers (ave. 22 months old; 619 kg body weight) were randomly assigned to control (basal ...
Cao Xing-Fen XF State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, - - 2014
To study the chemical constituents and bioactivity of the stem bark of Mitragyna diversifolia. Compounds were isolated by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV, MS, and NMR), and they were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities by the MTT method. Eight triterpenes ...
Liu Xin X Institute of Food Science and Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, Hubei, China; Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Processing of Agricultural Products, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan 430023, Hubei, - - 2014
Melamine in combination with cyanuric acid has been considered to be more toxic than either melamine or cyanuric acid alone. The objective of this study was designed to evaluate the combined genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of melamine (M) and cyanuric acid (C) at three mass ratios (1:1, 1:2, 2:1). MC (1:1), ...
Ma Huijuan H Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hebei General Hospital, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050051, - - 2014
Bile acids are increasingly recognized as key regulators of systemic metabolism. While bile acids have long been known to play important and direct roles in nutrient absorption, bile acids also serve as signalling molecules. Bile acid interactions with the nuclear hormone receptor farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and the membrane receptor ...
Zhang Weisan - - 2014
Recent studies have found that triterpene acid type compounds has many effects including antiinflammatory, regulating blood sugar level, antiviral and antitumor activity. More importantly, triterpene acid type compounds has become one of the most popular topics recently because its selective toxic effects on cancer cells and harmless to normal cells ...
Kim Jin Nam JN Department of Food Science and Nutrition, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Republic of - - 2014
Phytic acid, also known as myo-inositol hexaphosphate, has been shown to lower blood glucose levels and to improve insulin sensitivity in rodents. We investigated the effects of phytic acid and myo-inositol on differentiation, insulin-stimulated glucose uptake, and lipolysis of adipocytes to test the hypothesis that the antidiabetic properties of phytic ...
Finn Kristen Lawler KL Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Cranford, New Jersey - - 2014
Background: Soybean oil lipid emulsion may compromise immune function and promote hepatic damage due to its composition of long-chain fatty acids, phytosterols, high proportion of ω-6 fatty acids, and low α-tocopherol levels. Combination lipid emulsions have been developed using medium-chain triglyceride oil, fish oil, and/or olive oil, which provide adequate ...
Lai Thi Ngoc Ha TN Institut des Sciences de la Vie, UCLouvain, Belgium; Faculty of Food Sciences and Technology, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Viet - - 2015
In this study, detailed chemical properties of sim (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk.) fruit including nutritional composition, phenolic content and antioxidant capacity were determined for the first time. A 150g serving of sim fruit contained high levels of dietary fibre (69.94-87.43% of Recommended Daily Intake (RDI)), α-tocopherol (38.90-51.87% RDI), manganese (>100% ...
Gonçalves Ana Teresa AT Laboratory of Biotechnology and Aquatic Genomics, Interdisciplinary Center for Aquaculture Research (INCAR), University of Concepción, P.O. Box 160-C. Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
The goal of this study was to identify and analyze the lipid metabolic pathways involved in energy production and ecdysteroid synthesis in the ectoparasite copepod Caligus rogercresseyi. Massive transcriptome sequencing analysis was performed during the infectious copepodid larval stage, during the attached chalimus larval stage, and also in female and ...
Xin Hangshu - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to quantify lipid-related inherent molecular structures using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT/IR) technique and find out their relationship with oil content, fatty acid and glucosinolate profile, total polyphenols and condensed tannins in seeds from newly developed yellow-seeded and brown-seeded Brassica carinata lines. Canola seeds ...
San Pedro A A Chemical Engineering Area, Department of Engineering, University of Almería, E04120 Almería, - - 2014
This work studied outdoor pilot scale production of Nannochloropsis gaditana in tubular photobioreactors. The growth and biomass composition of the strain were studied under different culture strategies: continuous-mode (varying nutrient supply and dilution rate) and two-stage cultures aiming lipid enhancement. Besides, parameters such as irradiance, specific nitrate input and dilution ...
Han Xiao X College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, People's Republic of - - 2014
The macro-mesoporous bioactive glasses/polylactic acid nanofibers were synthesized via electrospun method followed by acid treatment processing. It was identified to be an effective and simple synthetic strategy to form the uniform nanofibers about 350nm in size. The non-ionic triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (P123), was used as the template ...
Sesti G G Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and high uric acid concentrations are associated with cardio-metabolic disorders. Acute IGF-1 infusion decreases uric acid concentration in healthy individuals. In this study, we aimed to examine the relationship between IGF-1 and uric acid levels. 1430 adult non diabetic subjects were stratified into quartiles ...
Caligiani Augusta - - 2014
A survey was carried out to determine the presence of cyclopropane fatty acids (CPFA) in various dairy products. CPFA as lactobacillic acid and dihydrosterculic acid are components of bacterial membranes and have been recently detected in milk from cows fed with maize silage. In this paper about 200 dairy samples ...
Beavers William N - - 2014
Lipid and lipid metabolite profiling are important parameters in understanding the pathogenesis of many diseases. Alkynylated polyunsaturated fatty acids are potentially useful probes for tracking the fate of fatty acid metabolites. The non-enzymatic and enzymatic oxidation of ω-alkynyl linoleic acid and ω-alkynyl arachidonic acid were compared to that of linoleic ...
Pérez-Masiá Rocío R Novel Materials and Nanotechnology Group, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA-CSIC), Avda. Agustin Escardino 7, 46980 Paterna (Valencia), - - 2015
In this work, two different technologies (electrospraying and nanospray drying) were evaluated for the encapsulation of folic acid using both a whey protein concentrate (WPC) matrix and a commercial resistant starch. The morphology of the capsules, molecular organization of the matrices upon encapsulation, encapsulation efficiency, and stability of the folic ...
Xu Xu X School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, San 31, Hyoja-dong, Pohang 790-784, South - - 2014
As aquatic biomass which is called "the third generation biomass", Laminaria japonica (also known as Saccharina japonica) consists of mannitol and alginate which are the main polysaccharides of algal carbohydrates. In this study, oleaginous yeast (Cryptococcus curvatus) was used to produce lipid from carbon sources derived from Laminaria japonica. Volatile ...
Guney Murat M University of Çukurova, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture & Biotechnology Research and Experimental Center, 01330, Balcal"ı, Adana, - - 2014
Kumquat (Fortuneless spp.) is one of the important fruit species introduced to Turkey recently. It is well adapted to Mediterranean region in Turkey. Early researches of kumquat were started on adaptation and pomological traits, only a few were concerned with chemical content. After understanding health benefits of kumquat fruits the ...
Lucci Paolo P Department of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotà D.C., - - 2015
This paper aims to provide a solid base for the utilisation of pomegranate whole seed ethanolic extract (PSEE) as a nutraceutical/functional food ingredient. PSEE was tested for its antioxidant and antiproliferative activities against different human cancer cell lines. Bioactive lipid compounds were identified by studying the PSEE lipid portion. PSEE ...
Jiménez Callejón María J MJ Area of Chemical Engineering, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, - - 2014
Saponifiable lipids (SLs) were extracted with hexane from wet biomass (86wt% water) of the microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana in order to transform them into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs, biodiesel). The influence of homogenization pressure on SL extraction yield at low temperature (20-22°C) was studied. Homogenization at 1700bar tripled the SL ...
Brown Jeffrey N JN Institute for Neurosciences and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, - - 2014
The common pasture earthworm Aporrectodea caliginosa has often been neglected in environmental metabolomics in favour of easily laboratory-bred species. The present study assigns aqueous metabolites in A. caliginosa using high resolution 1- and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In total 51 aqueous metabolites were identified, including typical amino acids ...
Turner K E KE Animal Science, USDA, ARS, Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK 73036, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This experiment was conducted in 2005-2007 to evaluate carcass and chevon (goat meat) quality parameters when meat-goat kids (n=72) were finished on alfalfa (Medicago sativa L; ALF); red clover (Trifolium pratense L.; RCG); or orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.; OGR) pastures. Carcass conformation score was greater (P=0.08) when meat-goat kids were ...
Chen Yeming Y State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan Univ, 1800 Lihu Avenue, Wuxi, Jiangsu Province 214122, PR, - - 2014
In this study, the macronutrients and micronutrients of pH 6.8, 8.0, 9.5, and 11.0 extracted soybean oil bodies (OBs) were examined, revealing that soybean OBs might be used as a natural carrier for bioactive components (unsaturated fatty acids, phospholipid, tocopherol, and phytosterol). pH 6.8 extracted OBs (dry basis) contained 85.88% ...
Han H H Department of Animal Science, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, - - 2014
The survival of silage lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in the gut of dairy cows was evaluated by examining the LAB communities of silage and gut contents. Samples were collected at 2 different research institutes (Mie and Okayama) that offered total mixed ration (TMR) silage throughout the year. Silage and feces ...
Lazzeri Elena E Excellence Centre for Research, Transfer and High Education for the Development of de novo Therapies, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Retinoids are essential in the development and function of several organs, exerting potent effects on stem cell systems. All-trans retinoic acid, through binding to the retinoic acid response elements, alters transcription of numerous genes in stem cells, leading to an exit from the self-renewing state and promoting differentiation. In the ...
Shyamkumar Rajaram R Department of Biotechnology, Kamaraj College of Engineering and Technology, Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
L-glutamic acid is one of the major amino acids that is present in a wide variety of foods. It is mainly used as a food additive and flavor enhancer in the form of sodium salt. Corynebacterium glutamicum (C. glutamicum) is one of the major organisms widely used for glutamic acid ...
Castaño J J Unidad de Desarrollo Tecnológico, Universidad de Concepción, Avda. Cordillera 2634, Coronel, - - 2014
Starch isolated from non-edible Aesculus hippocastanum seeds was characterized and used for preparing starch-based materials. The apparent amylose content of the isolated starch was 33.1%. The size of starch granules ranged from 0.7 to 35μm, and correlated with the shape of granules (spherical, oval and irregular). The chain length distribution ...
Ma Yubin Y Key Laboratory of Biofuels, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Energy Genetics, Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266101, - - 2014
Nannochloropsis have attracted sustained interest from algal biodiesel researchers due to their high biomass accumulation rate and high lipid content. There are six recognized species in the Nannochloropsis genus that are phylogenetically divided into Nannochloropsis gaditana, Nannochloropsis salina, Nannochloropsis granulata, Nannochloropsis limnetica, Nannochloropsis oceanica and Nannochloropsis oculata. In this study, ...
Margaoan Rodica - - 2014
Total and individual carotenoids, fatty acid composition of total lipids and main lipid classes of 16 fresh bee collected pollen samples from Romania were determined by high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection and capillary gas chromatography with mass detection. Analyzed samples were found rich in lutein, while β-criptoxanthin ...
Senphan Theeraphol T Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, - - 2015
Lipids from striped catfish muscle were extracted with the aid of crude protease extract (CPE) from hepatopancrease of Pacific white shrimp at different levels (5-15unit/g protein) for various hydrolysis times (0-180min) at 60°C. Yield of lipids increased within the first 30min and was in agreement with increasing degree of hydrolysis. ...
Sahan U U Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Uludag University, 16059 Bursa, Turkey - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to examine the changes in yolk and yolk sac fatty acid composition and also to investigate egg content, yolk absorption, embryo development during incubation, and chick quality at hatch in eggs from 36- and 52-wk-old broiler breeders. The fatty acid profiles of the ...
Sherkhanov Saken S Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, UCLA-DOE Laboratory of Genomics and Proteomics, Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Microbial fatty acids are an attractive source of precursors for a variety of renewable commodity chemicals such as alkanes, alcohols, and biofuels. Rerouting lipid biosynthesis into free fatty acid production can be toxic, however, due to alterations of membrane lipid composition. Here we find that membrane lipid composition can be ...
Garcia M M Department of Animal Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the effect of supplementing saturated or unsaturated fatty acids (FA) during late gestation of cows and during the preweaning period of calves on growth, health, and immune responses of calves. During the last 8 wk of pregnancy, Holstein cattle (n = 96) were fed no ...
Prieto N N Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, 4-10 Agriculture/Forestry Centre, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, Canada; Lacombe Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 6000 C&E Trail, Lacombe, Alberta T4L 1W1, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tested the ability of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to predict meat chemical composition, quality traits and fatty acid (FA) composition from 63 steers fed sunflower or flaxseed in combination with high forage diets. NIRS calibrations, tested by cross-validation, were successful for predicting crude protein, moisture and fat ...
Strillacci M G MG Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety (VESPA), University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133, Milan, - - 2014
A selective DNA pooling approach was applied to identify QTL for conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), vaccenic acid (VA) and Δ(9) -desaturase (D9D) milk content in Italian Brown Swiss dairy cattle. Milk samples from 60 animals with higher values (after correction for environmental factors) and 60 animals with lower values for ...
Ponnampalam Eric N EN Agriculture Research, Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Melbourne, VIC, 3001, Australia, - - 2014
Lipid oxidation of M. longissimus lumborum in fresh or vacuum packaged (aged) lamb meat stored at 3 °C for 0 or 4 weeks, respectively and displayed under refrigerated conditions for a further 4 days was assessed by measuring the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in meat using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances procedure. The ...
Shinn Sara - - 2014
Reports from chicken conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) feeding trials are limited to yolk total fatty acid composition, which consistently described increased saturated fatty acids and decreased monounsaturated fatty acids. However, information on CLA triacylglycerol (TAG) and phospholipid (PL) species is unavailable. This study determined fatty acid (FA) composition of total ...
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