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Yu Chunyan - - 2009
To elucidate the existence of phthalocyanine-like (Pc-like) substances in humic acids (HA) and their roles in photochemical transformation of organic pollutants, Pc-imprinted polymers (MIP) were synthesized successfully and employed to separate Pc-like substances from HA. The fraction bound by MIP (F(mip-b)) presented better photochemical activity for degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid ...
Lippold Holger - - 2009
Migration of contaminants with low affinity for the aqueous phase is essentially governed by interaction with mobile carriers such as humic colloids. Their impact is, however, not sufficiently described by interaction constants alone since the humic carriers themselves are subject to a solid-liquid distribution that depends on geochemical parameters. In ...
Li Huan - - 2009
A new method was introduced to reduce waste activated sludge and extract humic acid for liquid fertilizer. Sludge was disintegrated with NaOH (0.4 g/g dry solid, 8 h) and then centrifuged to obtain the supernatant. The residual sludge was then dewatered, while the supernatant was used to extract humic acid ...
Vidali Roza - - 2009
Humic substances are the most abundant components of the colloidal and the dissolved fraction of natural organic matter (NOM) and they are characterized by a strong binding capacity for both metals and organic pollutants, affecting their mobility and bioavailability. The understanding of the humic acidic character is the first necessary ...
Angamuthu Raja - - 2009
The hexanuclear metallacrown [Ni6L12] (L is mu-S-CH2-CH2-S-C6H4-Cl) has been demonstrated to functionally resemble the [NiFe] hydrogenases. Protonation of the [Ni6L12] cluster was studied employing 1H NMR spectroscopy by the sequential additions of dichloroacetic acid or p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate into solutions of [Ni6L12] in CD2Cl2 and DMF-d7, respectively; protonation takes place ...
Doulia Danae - - 2009
The adsorption of humic acid on bentonite from Milos Island (Greece) acid-treated with dilute H(2)SO(4) solutions over a concentration range between 0.25 and 13M has been studied. Bentonite activated with 3M sulfuric acid (AAS) showed a higher efficiency in removing humic acid from aqueous solutions and was selected for further ...
Bohrer Denise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Silicate (Si) and aluminum (Al) may be concomitant impurities in solutions for parenteral nutrition (PN). Silicate can bind to Al to form stable hydroxyaluminosilicates (HAS), thus reducing Al availability. This possibility is investigated by heating solutions containing constituents of PN in glass containers to promote the release of Si ...
Nunes Rui M D - - 2009
The ability to change the acidity of an aqueous solution within the time of a short laser pulse and use the resulting low pH to drive acid-catalyzed reactions in the irradiated volume opens news perspectives for the spatial and temporal control of a variety of processes. Persistent and reversible acidification ...
Shivayogimath C B - - 2009
Biodiesel is gaining importance as an alternate source of attractive fuel because of depleting fossil fuel resources. It is produced by trans-esterification, in which oil or fat reacts with a monohydric alcohol in presence of a catalyst. In the present work, trans-esterification of sunflower oil with methanol is carried out ...
Wang Linda - - 2009
Production of acids such as lactic acid contributes to establish a cariogenic environment that leads to dental substrate demineralization. Fluoride plays an important role in this case and, as fluoride-releasing materials, glass-ionomer cements are expected to contribute to minimize deleterious reactions. This study evaluated interactions of glass-ionomer cements used in ...
Jahadi Hosseini Hamid R - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether topical tranexamic acid can provide acceptable therapeutic concentration in the aqueous humor. METHODS: A total of 47 patients with cataract as the sole eye disease who have been scheduled for cataract operation received one drop of tranexamic acid 5% solution at various time intervals prior to ...
Lesa Barbara - - 2009
A series of ultrasonic assisted acid washing and thermal desorption tests were performed on sludge and other solid matrices with the aim to assay these removal technologies and to determine if the application of low frequency ultrasound was effective to enhance mercury removal. Unpolluted dredging sludge, 820 K calcinated dredging ...
Wei Xing-Yuan - - 2009
Biodegradation of dissolved fluorene (Flu), phenanthrene (Ph) and pyrene (Py), three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), singly or as a mixture of the three, by two bacterial strains, MEBIC 5140 (Mycobacterium flavescens) and MEBIC 5141 (Mycobacterium scrofulaceum), as well as the effects of low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs), e.g. malic ...
Ghosh Pranab Kumar - - 2009
Fresh activated carbon (AC) and waste activated carbon (WAC) were pretreated by heating with mineral acids (sulfuric acid and nitric acid) at high temperature to prepare several grades of adsorbents to evaluate their performance on Cr(VI) removal from aqueous phase. Effects of temperature, agitation speed and pH were tested, and ...
Huang Wei - - 2009
A streak camera is used to measure the shape of sonoluminescence pulses from a cavitation bubble levitated stably in a sulfuric acid solution. The shape and response to an acoustic pressure field of the sonoluminescence pulse in 85% by weight sulfuric acid are qualitatively similar to those in water. However, ...
Martel An - - 2009
A 5-year-old lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis) was presented with scaly crusts around both external ear openings and exudate present around the left ear. The bird had been treated with ivermectin and enrofloxacin without success. A pure culture of Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii was isolated from both ears. After susceptibility testing, a treatment of ...
Wang Chao-Nan - - 2010
Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+) nano-powders were synthesized by homogeneous precipitation and the influence of solution acidity was investigated. IR and TG-DTA analysis showed that in different acidic solutions different kinds of sediments were generated. TEM images revealed distinct morphologies of obtained powders. The resultant powders were sintered into ceramics in vacuum and then ...
Atalay Yasemin B - - 2009
The intrinsic proton binding constants of 10 model humic acid and six model fulvic acid molecules are calculated using SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry (SPARC). The accuracy of the SPARC calculations is examined using estimated microscopic binding constants of various small organic acids. An equimolar mixture of the appropriate ...
Gupta Sharad - - 2009
The synthesis of the first functionalized bis-amino acid monomer proAc(2S3S4R) 1 that carries an acetyl side chain is presented. This monomer was incorporated into oligomer 3 and the solution phase structure was determined by using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance. The solution structure confirmed the intended connectivity and stereochemistry of the ...
Som M-P - - 2009
The organic matter (OM) of a green waste and bio waste compost was characterised over 8months and the observed evolution was correlated with physico-chemical parameters (temperature, pH, carbon content, C/N ratio). Thermochemolysis and thermodesorption were used to monitor bacterial activity (stability) whereas diffuse reflectance infrared fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and ...
Opiso Einstine - - 2009
Pollution caused by boric acid and toxic anions such as As(V), Cr(VI) and Se(VI) is hazardous to human health and environment. The sorption characteristics of these environmentally significant ionic species on allophane-like nanoparticles were investigated in order to determine whether allophane can reduce their mobility in the subsurface environment at ...
Han Young-Soo - - 2009
A detailed characterization was performed on the humic substances present in landfill leachate derived from the older (10-year) and younger (6-month) municipal landfill cells at a site in Inchion, Korea. The characterization focused on the humic and fulvic acid components of the leachate, relying on information gleaned from the UV/visible ...
Neta E R D - - 2009
Protonated organic acid species have been shown to be the primary stimuli responsible for sour taste of organic acids. However, we have observed that sour taste may be modulated when the pH of acid solutions is raised using sodium hydroxide. Objectives were to evaluate the effect of pH adjustment on ...
Hashiguchi-Ishiguro Michiru - - 2009
Our previous study has already clarified that partially decomposed alginate (Alg53) by Vibrio alginolyticus SUN53 has a competitive inhibitory effect on sucrase. The objective of this study is to evaluate the influence of Alg53 on the production of glucan from sucrose by glucosyltransferase and acid from glucose by Streptococcus sobrinus ...
Moissette A - - 2009
In situ diffuse reflectance UV-visible, Raman scattering and EPR experiments, carried out as a function of time after phenothiazine (PTZ) direct exposure to thermally activated acid H(n)ZSM-5 zeolite without any solvent, provide evidence of phenothiazine sorption and simultaneous spontaneous ionization. For comparison, phenothiazine behavior was investigated within non acidic zeolite ...
Tang Jianting - - 2009
Mesoporous titanosilicates with high titanium content were synthesized under mild acidic conditions (pH=4.4, HAc-NaAc buffer solution) by co-condensation of acetylacetone-modified titanium isopropoxide (Ti(OBu(n))(3) (acac)) and mixture of sodium silicate with tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) or tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) or tetrakis(2-hydroxyethyl)orthosilicate (EGMS), using block copolymer Pluronic P123 as template. The combined results of XRD, ...
Seiss Mario - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Comonomers used in dental restorative materials, e.g. triethylenglycoledimethacrylate (TEGDMA), hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) and methylmethacylic acid (MMA) are methacrylic acid esters. Because of the chemical structure of these esters in earlier studies two different in vitro pathways were suggested. The present study was performed in order to analyze which of these ...
Ding Feizhi - - 2009
Electronic structure theory, mainly the density functional theory (DFT), is applied to calculate the pK(a) values for a variety of organic acids in several nonaqueous solvents: namely DMSO, MeCN, and THF. Following the supermolecule approach the solute molecule, together with a few solvent molecules in close proximity, is treated explicitly ...
Valizadeh Hadi - - 2009
The objective of this study was to forecast and optimize the glucosamine production yield from chitin (obtained from Persian Gulf shrimp) by means of genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), and artificial neural networks (ANNs) as tools of artificial intelligence methods. Three factors (acid concentration, acid solution to chitin ...
Tsang Daniel C W - - 2009
The influence of natural organic matter on contaminant removal by Fe(0) systems has been of increasing concern. Recent studies have shown that, in addition to direct sorption on the Fe(0) surfaces, humic acid complexation with dissolved iron released from corrosion results in the formation of colloids and aggregates in solution ...
Nagahama Tatsumi - - 2009
Aplysia kurodai feeds on Ulva but rejects Gelidium and Pachydictyon with distinct patterned jaw movements. We previously demonstrated that these movements are induced by taste alone. Thus some chemicals may contribute to induction of these responses. We explored the amino acids composition of Ulva, Gelidium and Pachydictyon extracts used during ...
Yantasee Wassana - - 2009
The increased demand for the lanthanides in commercial products result in increased production of lanthanide containing ores, which increases public exposure to the lanthanides, both from various commercial products and from production wastes/effluents. This work investigates lanthanide (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu, Gd and Lu) binding properties of self-assembled monolayers ...
Iglesias A - - 2009
The effect of pH and ionic strength on the interaction between pesticides (paraquat and MCPA) and humic substances (soil extracted humic acid and fulvic acid) was interpreted with a simple electrostatic model. Potentiometric titrations were carried out, the charge curves for the humic substances were obtained for three values of ...
Subbiah Deepa - - 2009
Synchronous and excitation emission matrix fluorescence (EEMF) characteristics of humic acid-surfactant interaction have been studied. The variation of synchronous and EEMF spectral maxima and intensities with humic acid (HA)-cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) composition sensitively reflects the extent of flocculation of HA. It was found that the concentration range for co-precipitation of ...
ter Laak Thomas L - - 2009
The exchange rate of hydrophobic organic chemicals between the aqueous phase and a sorbent (e.g., soil, organism, passive sampler) is relevant for distribution processes between environmental compartments, including organisms. Dissolved phases such as humic acids, proteins, and surfactants can affect the transfer of such chemicals between the aqueous and sorbent ...
Jung J-T - - 2009
The objective of this study was to investigate the treatment efficiency of UV/TiO2 and UV/TiO2/chemical oxidant processes for the removal of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals in aqueous TiO2 suspensions. The reaction rate (k) of humic acid and hazardous heavy metals by UV/TiO2 was higher than that of UV ...
Castro Jacira T - - 2009
The efficiency of diluted nitric acid solutions for digesting regular coffee samples was evaluated employing two closed vessel procedures: one was based on microwave-assisted heating and the other was based on conductive heating using pressurized Parr bomb. The efficiency of digestion was evaluated by determining residual carbon content (RCC) and ...
Liu Tongzhou - - 2009
The influences of various geochemical constituents, such as humic acid, HCO(3)(-), and Ca(2+), on Cr(VI) removal by zero-valent iron (Fe(0)) were investigated in a batch setting. The collective impacts of humic acid, HCO(3)(-), and Ca(2+) on the Cr(VI) reduction process by Fe(0) appeared to significantly differ from their individual impacts. ...
Yang Young-Keun - - 2009
A new rhodamine-hydroxamic acid-based fluorescent chemosensor for the rapid detection of HOCl in aqueous media was developed. The system, which utilizes an irreversible HOCl-promoted oxidation reaction, responds instantaneously at room temperature with linear proportionality to the amount of HOCl. This system is highly selective for HOCl over other reactive oxygen ...
Fillion Eric - - 2009
Persistent intramolecular interactions between acidic C-H hydrogens and a variety of acceptors (X) (X = O, S, Br, Cl, and F) in solution were probed by (1)H NMR experiments, using 5-benzyl Meldrum's acid derivatives. To bring about formation of intramolecular C-H...X bonding, ortho-substituted benzyl Meldrum's acids were designed, for which ...
Park Seong-Jik - - 2009
Column experiments were performed to examine the influence of humic acid on the attachment of Escherichia coli to iron-coated sand. Results show that, in the coated sand, the average mass recovery was 2.9% in deionized water and increased sharply to 94.6% at a humic acid concentration of 16 mg/L. In ...
van Wijk Dolf - - 2009
We investigated the role of sorption in reducing bioavailability and consequently the measured toxicity of monoalkyl trimethyl ammonium salts (MAQ) under environmental conditions. The observed toxicity of MAQ in the presence of various types of sorbents was tested on algae. Decreased toxicity was found in the presence of all particulate ...
Favier G I - - 2009
AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of sucrose monolaurate (SML) and sucrose monocaprate (SMC), alone and in combination with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), propionic acid (PA) or citric acid (CA) in reducing mesophilic aerobic bacteria (MAB) and Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 populations on eggshells and their damage potential on the microstructure of shell ...
Bacharaki Dimitra - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Peritoneal dialysis solutions (PDS), new and conventional, do not yet have a clinical biocompatibility profile. We aimed at a comparative laboratory profile based on the effect of PDS on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cytokine release. METHOD: PBMCs from 19 healthy volunteers were incubated at a concentration of 10(6)/ml ...
Cankayali Ilkin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is a strong correlation between amino acid infusion and increase in energy expenditure and thermogenesis. In this study, the effects of amino acid solutions on thermogenesis and energy expenditure were investigated in intensive care patients who were diagnosed as brain death. METHODS: Twenty-six brain-dead patients were included in ...
Iwaura Rika - - 2009
The thymidylic acid appended anthracene dye 2,6-bis[5-(3'-thymidylic acid)pentyloxy]anthracene (1) was synthesized, and the self-assembly of 1 and the binary self-assembly of 1 with a complementary single-stranded 20-meric oligodeoxyadenylic acid (dA(20)) were performed in 0.1 x TE buffer solution (i.e., 1.0 x 10(-3) M Tris-HCl, 1.0 x 10(-4) M ethylenediaminetriacetic acid ...
Izutsu Ken-ichi - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to produce and characterize glass-state amorphous solids containing amino acids and organic acids that protect co-lyophilized proteins. Thermal analysis of frozen solutions containing a basic amino acid (e.g., L-arginine, L-lysine, L-histidine) and a hydroxy di- or tricarboxylic acid (e.g., citric acid, L-tartaric acid, DL-malic ...
Azlan Kamari - - 2009
The capabilities of chitosan and chitosan-EGDE (ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether) beads for removing Acid Red 37 (AR 37) and Acid Blue 25 (AB 25) from aqueous solution were examined. Chitosan beads were cross-linked with EGDE to enhance its chemical resistance and mechanical strength. Experiments were performed as a function of ...
Zhang Hua - - 2009
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) has been identified as precursor for disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation during chlorination. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the characteristics of DOM influence the DBPs formation mechanism. A study was, therefore, initiated to investigate the effects of DOM fractions on DBPs formation mechanism. In the chlorination ...
Gotloib Lazaro - - 2009
Use of one bag of glucose peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF) results in the development of a dose-related senescent mesothelial cell phenotype not linked to acidic pH or the presence of lactate buffer. This complication derives mostly from oxidative stress induced both by glucose itself and by glucose degradation products (GDPs). ...
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