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Lira Giselda M - - 2013
This paper aimed to evaluate the influence of seasonality on the chemical composition of oysters (Crassostrea rhizophorae). Samples were collected during summer and winter from the estuary and lagoon complex of the municipality of Barra de São Miguel, Alagoas, Brazil. Statistical differences (p<0.05) between summer and winter were observed in ...
van Galen G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Descriptions of acid-base disturbances in atypical myopathy (AM) are limited. OBJECTIVES: Describe and compare traditional and quantitative acid-base abnormalities and cardiovascular shock status in horses with AM at admission. ANIMALS: 34 horses with AM, 15 healthy controls. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study. Records were searched for shock variables (packed cell ...
Krkić Nevena - - 2012
The effect of a chitosan coating with added essential oil of oregano (Origanum vulgare) on lipid oxidation of dry fermented sausage (Petrovská klobása) was investigated. Fatty acid profile, aldehyde contents and sensory analysis of odor and flavor were determined after drying and during seven months of storage. Between coated and ...
Ponnampalam Eric N - - 2012
The sources of variation of health claimable omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA+docosahexaenoic acid, DHA) in 2000 Australian lambs were investigated using 98 sires (Merino, maternal or terminal breeds) that were mated to about 5000 Merino or crossbred (Border Leicester×Merino) ewes. Pasture was supplemented with feedlot pellets, grains or ...
Lei Lin - - 2012
The descriptors linking dietary and fish fatty acids (FA) compositions in four one-year-old wild freshwater fish, Mylopharyngodon piceus, Ctenopharyngodon idella, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, and Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, from Poyang Lake were studied. M. piceus mainly feeding on crustaceans had the highest relation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA; r = 0.812) and odd-branched ...
Mohanty Bimal Prasanna - - 2012
Lipids are important structural components of cell membranes and have profound effect on membrane fluidity. Lipid profiling and lipidomics have captured increased attention due to the well-recognized roles of lipids in numerous human diseases. Investigating lipid profiles not only provides insights into the specific roles of lipid molecular species in ...
Smith Mark A MA National Research Council Canada, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 0W9, Canada. - - 2013
The Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) acyl-coenzyme A (CoA) desaturase-like (ADS) gene family contains nine genes encoding fatty acid desaturase-like proteins. The biological function of only one member of the family, fatty acid desaturase5 (AtADS3/FAD5, At3g15850), is known, and this gene encodes the plastidic palmitoyl-monogalactosyldiacylglycerol Δ7 desaturase. We cloned seven members of ...
Qwele K - - 2013
The present study determined the chemical composition, fatty acid (FA) content and antioxidant capacity of meat from goats supplemented with Moringa oleifera leaves (MOL) or sunflower cake (SC) or grass hay (GH). The meat from goat supplemented with MOL had higher concentrations of total phenolic content (10.62±0.27 mg tannic acid ...
Qiu Chaoying - - 2013
Lipid composition, fatty acid profile and lipid oxidative stability were evaluated during Cantonese sausage processing. Free fatty acids increased with concomitant decrease of phospholipids. Total content of free fatty acids at 72h in muscle and adipose tissue was 7.341mg/g and 3.067mg/g, respectively. Total amount of saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty ...
Bonanno A - - 2012
Caciocavallo Palermitano is a typical stretched-curd cheese that has been produced over the centuries in Sicily according to traditional cheesemaking technology and using raw milk from autochthonous cow breeds reared at pasture. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of the farming system and processing technology on ...
Gianesella M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the variations of rumen pH and fatty acids (acetic acid, propionic acid, iso-butyric acid, n-butyric acid, iso-valerianic acid, n-valerianic, caproic acid and total fatty acids) in 245 early lactating dairy cows under different temperature and humidity conditions. The animals were divided into ...
Pavan Enrique - - 2013
The aim of this research was to evaluate: 1) fatty acid (FA) profile of eight retail cuts (eye of round, ribeye, top round, striploin, tenderloin, top-sirloin, underblade, ground beef) from grass-fed steers, 2) the association between striploin (longissimus muscle) FA profile and that from the other retail cuts, and 3) ...
Hadfield Katrina A - - 2012
Oxidative modification of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) by myeloperoxidase (MPO) compromises its anti-atherogenic properties, which may contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Although it has been established that hypochlorous acid (HOCl) produced by MPO targets apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), the major apolipoprotein of HDL, the role of the other major oxidant generated ...
Sushchik Nadezhda N - - 2012
Emerging aquatic insects, including mosquitoes, are known to transfer to terrestrial ecosystems specific essential biochemicals, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). We studied fatty acid (FA) composition and contents of dominant mosquito populations (Diptera: Culicidae), that is, Anopheles messeae, Ochlerotatus caspius, Oc. flavescens, Oc. euedes, Oc. subdiversus, Oc. cataphylla, and ...
Ranjan R - - 2012
Cattle can synthesize L-ascorbic acid (or Vitamin C) from either D-glucose or D-galactose through glucuronic acid pathway in the liver. L-Ascorbic acid present in cattle diet is almost totally destroyed by rumen microorganisms making them essentially dependent on its endogenous synthesis, which is assumed sufficient to meet the physiological requirement. ...
Rasch Michael R - - 2012
Assemblies of saturated 1,2-diacylphosphatidylcholine lipid and hydrophobic dodecanethiol-capped 1.8 nm diameter gold nanocrystals were studied as a function of lipid chain length and the addition of the naturally occurring oil, squalene. The gold nanocrystals formed various lipid-stabilized agglomerates, sometimes fusing with lipid vesicle bilayers. The nanocrystal assembly structure depended on ...
Contreras G A - - 2012
High plasma NEFA concentrations and compromised immune responses are associated with increased disease susceptibility during farrowing and lactation. Increased plasma NEFA concentrations cause changes in the fatty acid content of plasma lipid fractions and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) that could modify inflammatory responses. The goals of this study were ...
Buldo Patrizia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The melting behaviour and fatty acid composition of cream from a total of 33 cows from four farms were analysed. Multivariate data analysis was used to identify the fatty acids that contributed most to the melting points and to differentiate between creams from different practical feeding regimes. RESULTS: It ...
Craig Oliver E - - 2012
The carbon isotopic characterisation of ruminant lipids associated with ceramic vessels has been crucial for elucidating the origins and changing nature of pastoral economies. δ(13) C values of fatty acids extracted from potsherds are commonly compared with those from the dairy and carcass fats of modern domesticated animals to determine ...
Lee Yoonseok - - 2012
The sterol regulatory element binding factor 1 (SREBP1) gene plays an important role in the biosynthesis of fatty acids. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between SNPs within SREBP1 gene and fatty acid composition of muscle fat and marbling score in a commercial population of Korean ...
Buchanan J W - - 2012
Fatty acid profiles and intramuscular expression of genes involved in fatty acid metabolism were characterized in concentrate- (CO) and forage- (FO) based finishing systems. Intramuscular samples from the adductor were taken at slaughter from 99 heifers finished on a CO diet and 58 heifers finished on a FO diet. Strip ...
Brown Simon - - 2012
Abstract The infective larvae of Teladorsagia circumcinta have a protective sheath which is lost soon after they reach the rumen of the sheep. Incubation in vitro with 50 mM imidazole caused more than 75% of L3 T. circumcincta to start exsheathing within 2 h. The initiation of exsheathing was less ...
Kool Dorien M - - 2012
The recently described bacterium "Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera" couples the oxidation of the important greenhouse gas methane to the reduction of nitrite. The ecological significance of "Ca. Methylomirabilis oxyfera" is still underexplored, as our ability to identify the presence of this bacterium is thus far limited to DNA-based techniques. Here, we ...
Zhang Lin - - 2012
Rhamnolipids have multiple potential applications as "green" surfactants for industry, remediation, and medicine. As a result, they have been intensively investigated to add to our understanding of their biosynthesis and improve yields. Several studies have noted that the addition of a fatty acid cosubstrate increases rhamnolipid yields, but a metabolic ...
Nazari Bahar - - 2012
Low attention to dairy product consumptions and high intake of junk foods and bakery products might be related to high prevalence of chronic diseases because of their fat content and fatty acid composition. In this study we investigated the kind and amount of fatty acid content in Iranian junk foods, ...
Del Bó Cristian C Dipartimento di Scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione e l'Ambiente, Sezione Nutrizione, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of moderate consumption of horse meat on iron status, lipid profile and fatty acid composition of red blood cells in healthy male volunteers. Fifty-two subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of 26 subjects each: a test group consuming two portions of 175 g/week of ...
Valberg S J - - 2012
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: We hypothesised that seasonal pasture myopathy (SPM), which closely resembles atypical myopathy (AM), was caused by ingestion of a seed-bearing plant abundant in autumn pastures. OBJECTIVES: To identify a common seed-bearing plant among autumn pastures of horses with SPM, and to determine whether the toxic amino ...
Noh Siwon - - 2012
  The stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids of camellia seed oil (also called camellia oil) was determined. The camellia oil was mainly composed of neutral lipids (88.2%), and the oleic acid (86.3%) was found to be a major fatty acid of neutral lipids. In the glycolipids and phospholipids, the ...
Firl Nina - - 2012
Abstract Background: Knowledge of the fatty acid composition of lipid classes in human plasma is an important factor in the investigation of human metabolism. Therefore, a method for the analysis of neutral lipid (NL), phospholipid (PL) and free fatty acids (FFA) in human plasma has been developed and validated. Methods: ...
Shingfield K J - - 2012
There is increasing evidence to indicate that nutrition is an important factor involved in the onset and development of several chronic human diseases including cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes and obesity. Clinical studies implicate excessive consumption of medium-chain saturated fatty acids (SFA) and trans-fatty acids (TFA) as risk ...
Kim Yong-Jae - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: While data on the relationship between fatty acid (FA) composition and the risk for total stroke have accumulated, the association between FA composition and the risk for intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) has never been studied. We compared plasma phospholipid FA composition between non-stroke control and ischemic stroke in Korean ...
Bilal G - - 2012
The objectives of the present study were to estimate genetic parameters of milk fatty acid unsaturation indices in Canadian Holsteins. Data were available on milk fatty acid composition of 2,573 Canadian Holstein cows from 46 commercial herds enrolled in the Québec Dairy Production Centre of Expertise, Valacta (Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada). ...
Daniele Gaëlle - - 2012
The analytical composition and botanical origin of honey are basic data used to determine the quality of this foodstuff. Although proteins are used to characterise the analytical composition of honey, they can be eliminated during its ultrafiltration and, in the case of honeys not saturated with their own pollen, the ...
Zlatanov Magdalen D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sweet and horse chestnut fruit contain carbohydrates, fibers, proteins, lipids, vitamins, glycosides and coumarin. The lipids are rich in biologically active substances as fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. The fruit has been used as food, and for medicinal purposes to treat inflammatory and vascular problems. RESULTS: The fruits ...
Yoshida Hiromi - - 2013
Endogenous tocopherols in extracted lipids from Jack beans (Canavalia gladiata DC.) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and were investigated in relation to the fatty acids (FA) distribution of triacylgycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL). The dominant tocopherols were (δ)-tocopherol (78.9-96.5mg%) and (γ)-tocopherol (42.1-56.1mg%) with much smaller amounts of (α)-tocopherol ...
Sakowski Tomasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of metabolic overload in cows maintained in organic herds is very likely, because organic production promotes feeding with high roughage diets and discourages supplementation with concentrates supplementation. It has the potential to negatively affect milk quality. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of ...
Hristov A N - - 2012
The objective of this experiment, part of a larger study, was to investigate changes in rumen bacterial, archaeal, and fungal diversity in cows fed medium-chain saturated fatty acids. In the main study, 6 lactating dairy cows were dosed intraruminally with 240 g/cow per day of stearic (SA, control), lauric (LA), ...
Siciliano Carlo - - 2013
High resolution (1)H NMR spectroscopy was proposed for the determination of the fatty acid chain profile of lipids in pork meat products during ripening. Two typical Mediterranean PDO salami produced in Calabria, a region in the Southern Italy, were chosen as a case of study. Quantitative NMR analysis provided the ...
Hess T M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different sources of dietary omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplementation on plasma, red blood cell, and skeletal muscle fatty acid compositions in horses. Twenty-one mares were blocked by age, BW, and BCS and assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ...
Tessema Girum Tadesse - - 2012
Listeria monocytogenes , an important foodborne pathogen, commonly encounters organic acids in food-related environments. The transcriptome of L. monocytogenes L502 was analyzed after adaptation to pH 5 in the presence of acetic acid, lactic acid, or hydrochloric acid (HCl) at 25 °C, representing a condition encountered in mildly acidic ready-to-eat food kept at ...
Zhang Haofei H Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United - - 2012
2-Methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MBO) is an important biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emitted by pine trees and a potential precursor of atmospheric secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in forested regions. In the present study, hydroxyl radical (OH)-initiated oxidation of MBO was examined in smog chambers under varied initial nitric oxide (NO) and aerosol ...
Andrews Duncan U - - 2012
Current atmospheric models underestimate the production of organic acids in the troposphere. We report a detailed kinetic model of the photochemistry of acetaldehyde (ethanal) under tropospheric conditions. The rate constants are benchmarked to collision-free experiments, where extensive photo-isomerization is observed upon irradiation with actinic ultraviolet radiation (310 to 330 nanometers). ...
Webb Matthew J - - 2012
In this report we use the weak interactions of acid-porphyrin complexes to selectively bind competing acids to the faces of a rigid cyclic porphyrin dimer, and characterise the resulting interactions by NMR spectroscopy and nano-electrospray ionisation spectrometry.
Moschen Ivano - - 2012
Metabolism of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in the brain, particularly that of acetate, appears to occur mainly in astrocytes. The differential use has been attributed to transport, but the extent to which transmembrane movement of SCFA is mediated by transporters has not been investigated systematically. Here we tested the possible ...
Berkovic Andrea M - - 2012
The laser flash photolysis technique (λ(exc)=355nm) was used to investigate the mechanism of the HgCl(2) reduction mediated by CO(2)(-) radicals generated from quenching of the triplet states of 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) by formic acid. Kinetic simulations of the experimental signals support the proposed reaction mechanism. This system is of potential interest ...
Maciejewska Magdalena - - 2012
Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) was applied at infinite dilution to evaluate the surface properties of calcium and magnesium oxide nanoparticles and the effect of surface grafted unsaturated carboxylic acid on the nanopowder donor-acceptor characteristics. The dispersive components (γ(s)(D)) of the free energy of the nanopowders were determined by Gray's method, ...
Egusa Shizuka - - 2012
Direct and efficient enzymatic synthesis of long-chain cellulose from cellobiose in its original form was successfully achieved via the combination of a surfactant-enveloped enzyme (SEE) and a protic acid in an aprotic organic solvent, lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide system. The SEE biocatalyst was prepared by protecting the surface of cellulase with the ...
Lee Leo M Y - - 2012
Retinoic acid, an active metabolite of vitamin A, plays essential signaling roles in mammalian embryogenesis. Nevertheless, it has long been recognized that overexposure to vitamin A or retinoic acid causes widespread teratogenesis in rodents as well as humans. Although it has a short half-life, exposure to high levels of retinoic ...
Li Jing - - 2012
Lysinibacillus sphaericus is a bacterium incapable of metabolizing sugars with the sole exception of N-acetylglucosamine. To unravel the regulatory role of catabolite control protein A (CcpA) in the sugar metabolism of L. sphaericus, a ccpA deficient mutant was constructed by homologous recombination. The mutant showed growth deficiency and a low ...
Kim Byoung-Hyoun - - 2012
Enantiomeric separations of N-phthaloyl (N-PHT), N-tetrachlorophthaloyl (N-TCPHT), and N-naphthaloyl (N-NPHT) α-amino acids and their esters were examined on several kinds of polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phases (CSPs). Resolution capability of CSPs was greater Chiralcel OF than the others for N-PHT and N-NPHT α-amino acids and their esters. In N-TCPHT α-amino acids ...
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