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Kacik Michael M Faculty of Medicine, Philipps-University Marburg & Medical Center I, Clemenshospital/University Hospital of University Münster, 48153 Münster, - - 2014
Cytochrome P450- and ω-hydrolase products (epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), hydroxyeicosatetraeonic acid (20-HETE)), natural omega-3 fatty acids (ω3), and pentacyclic triterpenes have been proposed to contribute to a wide range of vaso-protective and anti-fibrotic/anti-cancer signaling pathways including the modula-tion of membrane ion channels. Here we studied the modulation of intermediate-conductance Ca2+/calmodulin-regulated K+ ...
Sanayama Yoshitami Y 1] Department of Pharmacology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba [2] Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization, Shimoshizu Hospital, - - 2014
Although it is recognized that the abnormal accumulation of amino acid is a cause of the symptoms in metabolic disease such as phenylketonuria (PKU), the relationship between disease severity and serum amino acid levels is not well understood due to the lack of experimental model. Here, we present a novel ...
Zhao Yidan D YD Latner Thoracic Surgery Research Laboratories, Division of Thoracic Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON Canada ; MaRS Centre, Toronto Medical Discovery Tower, 2nd Floor Rm 2-817, 101 College Street, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7 - - 2014
Although multiple, complex molecular studies have been done for understanding the development and progression of pulmonary hypertension (PAH), little is known about the metabolic heterogeneity of PAH. Using a combination of high-throughput liquid-and-gas-chromatography-based mass spectrometry, we found bile acid metabolites, which are normally product derivatives of the liver and gallbladder, ...
Weissgerber Thomas T Institut für Mikrobiologie & Biotechnologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 168, 53115 Bonn, - - 2014
Environmental fluctuations require rapid adjustment of the physiology of bacteria. Anoxygenic phototrophic purple sulfur bacteria, like Allochromatium vinosum, thrive in environments that are characterized by steep gradients of important nutrients for these organisms, i.e., reduced sulfur compounds, light, oxygen and carbon sources. Changing conditions necessitate changes on every level of ...
Wu Xiu-Wen XW School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China. - - 2014
The absorption properties, mechanism of action, and structure-property relationship of three phenolic acids isolated from the flowers of Trollius chinensis Bunge, namely, proglobeflowery acid (PA), globeflowery acid (GA) and trolloside (TS), were investigated using the human Caco-2 cell monolayer model. The results showed that these three phenolic acids were transported ...
Wu Xinyu X Department of Pathology,Physiology, New York University School of Medicine New York, NY, - - 2014
The malignant transformation of cells requires adaptations across multiple metabolic processes to satisfy the energy required for their increased rate of proliferation. Dysregulation of lipid metabolism has been a hallmark of the malignant phenotype; increased lipid accumulation secondary to changes in the levels of a variety of lipid metabolic enzymes ...
Schmidt Axel A Institute of Physiology, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, - - 2014
The bile acid-sensitive ion channel (BASIC) is a member of the DEG/ENaC family of ion channels. Channels of this family are characterized by a common structure, their physiological functions and modes of activation, however, are diverse. Rat BASIC is expressed in brain, liver and intestinal tract and activated by bile ...
Nguyen Phuong Thi Mai PT Institute of Biotechnology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Hanoi, - - 2014
α-Mangostin (αMG) has been reported to be an effective antimicrobial agent against planktonic cells of Streptococcus mutans, a biofilm-forming and acid-producing cariogenic organism. However, its anti-biofilm activity remains to be determined. We examined whether αMG, a xanthone purified from Garcinia mangostana L grown in Vietnam, disrupts the development, acidogenicity, and/or ...
Chu Fuhao F School of Chinese Pharmacy, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102, China. - - 2014
A series of novel ligustrazine-oleanolic acid (TOA) derivatives were designed, and synthesized by conjugating amino acids to the 3-hydroxy group of TOA by ester bonds. Their cytotoxicity was evaluated on four cancer cell lines (HepG2, HT-29, Hela and BGC-823) by standard MTT assays. The ClogP values were calculated by means ...
Sarmiento-Sánchez Juan I JI Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Boulevard de las Américas S/N, 80040 Culiacán, SIN, - - 2014
The efforts for synthesis of enantiomerically pure bis-(1,2,3-triazolylmethyl)amino esters 6 are reported in good yields from an in situ generated α-azidomethyl ketone. Optimum experimental conditions were established for preparation of α-halomethyl ketones 10 and α-N,N-dipropargylamino esters 11, all derived from α-amino acids. The starting materials reacted under conventional click chemistry ...
Aslan Abdullah A Firat University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, - - 2014
Pomegranate juice has a number of positive effects on both human and animal subjects. Four groups were used in this study. i: Control group, ii: H2O2 group, iii: Pomegranate juice (PJ) group and iv: PJ + H2O2 group. Following the sterilization method for pomegranate juice (10%) and H2O2 (6% v/v), ...
Gheerardijn Vicky V Department of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Organic and Biomimetic Chemistry Research Group, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281 S4, 9000 Ghent, - - 2014
Functionalized oligonucleotides have recently gained increased attention for incorporation in modified nucleic acid structures both for the design of aptamers with enhanced binding properties as well as the construction of catalytic DNA and RNA. As a shortcut alternative to the incorporation of multiple modified residues, each bearing one extra functional ...
Yuan Dan D Department of Chemistry, Brandeis University, 415 South Street, MS015, Waltham, MA 02453, - - 2014
This article reports the synthesis of a novel type of conjugate of three fundamental biological build blocks (i.e., saccharide, amino acids, and nucleobase) and their cell compatibility. The facile synthesis starts with the synthesis of nucleobase and saccharide derivatives, then uses solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) to build the peptide segment ...
Nörrlinger Markus M Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Tuebingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 18, 72076 Tuebingen, - - 2014
New aromatic glycoconjugate building blocks based on the trifunctional 3-aminomethyl-5-aminobenzoic acid backbone and sugars linked to the backbone by a malonyl moiety were prepared via peptide coupling. The orthogonally protected glycoconjugates, bearing an acetyl-protected glycoside, were converted into their corresponding acids which are suitable building blocks for combinatorial glycopeptide synthesis.
Cesar Aline S M - - 2014
Meat from Bos taurus and Bos indicus breeds are an important source of nutrients for humans and intramuscular fat (IMF) influences its flavor, nutritional value and impacts human health. Human consumption of fat that contains high levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) can reduce the concentration of undesirable cholesterol (LDL) ...
Yang Lei L Section for Sustainable Biotechnology, Aalborg University Copenhagen, A. C. Meyers Vænge 15, Copenhagen, DK-2450, SV, - - 2014
Aspergillus carbonarius has potential as a cell factory for the production of different organic acids. At pH 5.5, A.carbonarius accumulates high amounts of gluconic acid when it grows on glucose based medium whereas at low pH, it produces citric acid. The conversion of glucose to gluconic acid is carried out ...
Moriuchi Ryota R Department of Environmental Life Sciences, Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan ; The United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Gifu University 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, - - 2014
Two haloalkane dehalogenases, LinBUT and LinBMI, each with 296 amino acid residues, exhibit only seven amino acid residue differences between them, but LinBMI's catalytic performance towards β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH) is considerably higher than LinBUT's. To elucidate the molecular basis governing this difference, intermediate mutants between LinBUT and LinBMI were constructed and ...
Ullah Riaz R 0000-0002-2860-467X Department of Chemistry, Government College Ara Khel, Frontier Region Kohat 26000, - - 2014
Three cultivars of Vigna radiata, namely, NM-92, NM-98, and NM-06, were analyzed for their proximate composition. The samples were also tested by HPLC for amino acid content. The data showed that all the varieties had same moisture level. The maximum ash content (4.29%) was present in NM-92, and crude fat ...
Zheng Xu X College of Life Sciences, Inner Mongolia University, Hohhot 010021, China. - - 2014
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which is now referred to as mechanistic target of rapamycin, integrates many signals, including those from growth factors, energy status, stress, and amino acids, to regulate cell growth and proliferation, protein synthesis, protein degradation, and other physiological and biochemical processes. The mTOR-Rheb-TSC-TBC complex co-localizes to ...
Guo Zhihua - - 2014
Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) have promising therapeutic potential in oncotherapy. However, low stability and efficacy limit their application in the clinic. Cationic liposomes have been investigated as delivery vehicles for ASOs. Here, we report the synthesis and evaluation of an ASO delivery vehicle comprising cationic liposomes incorporating fatty acid-modified polyethylenimine. An ...
Takemoto Hiroyasu H Polymer Chemistry Division, Chemical Resources Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, - - 2014
Nucleic acid carriers need to possess multifunctionality for overcoming biological barriers, such as the stable encapsulation of nucleic acids in extracellular milieu, internalization by target cells, controlled intracellular distribution, and release of nucleic acids at the target site of action. To fulfill these stepwise functionalities, "bioresponsive" polymers that can alter ...
Cronan John E JE Department of Microbiology, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801, - - 2014
Two vitamins, biotin and lipoic acid, are essential in all three domains of life. Both coenzymes function only when covalently attached to key metabolic enzymes. There they act as "swinging arms" that shuttle intermediates between two active sites (= covalent substrate channeling) of key metabolic enzymes. Although biotin was discovered ...
Rocchetta Iara I Departamento de Química Biológica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, INQUIBICEN-Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Pab. II, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina; Laboratorio de Ecotoxicología Acuática, INIBIOMA (CONICET-UNCo). CEAN, ruta prov. 61 km 3. 8371, Junín de los Andes, Neuquén, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2013
Lipid and fatty acid (FA) composition and selected oxidative stress parameters of freshwater clams (Dipolodon chilensis), from a sewage-polluted (SMA) and a clean site, were compared. Trophic markers FA were analyzed in clams and sediment. Saturated FA (SAFA), and bacteria and sewage markers were abundant in SMA sediments, while diatom ...
Riedel Sebastian L SL Department of Applied and Molecular Microbiology, Technische Universität Berlin, Seestr. 13, 13353, Berlin, - - 2013
Lipid and fatty acid metabolism has been well studied in model microbial organisms like Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. The major precursor of fatty acid biosynthesis is also the major product of fatty acid degradation (β-oxidation), acetyl-CoA, which is a key metabolite for all organisms. Controlling carbon flux to fatty ...
Alves Eliana E Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies, Department of Biology, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, - - 2013
The irreversible oxidation of biological molecules, such as lipids, can be achieved with a photosensitizing agent and subsequent exposure to light, in the presence of molecular oxygen. Although lipid peroxidation is an important toxicity mechanism in bacteria, the alterations caused by the photodynamic therapy on bacterial phospholipids are still unknown. ...
Gousiadou Chrysoula C Department of Chemistry, Technical University of Denmark , DK-2800, Lyngby, - - 2013
From an extract of Manulea corymbosa were isolated four known secoiridoid glucosides (1-4), 10 new monoterpenoid esters of secologanol, namely, manuleosides A-I (5-11, 13, and 14) and dimethyl rhodanthoside A (12), and four new phenylpropanoid esters of carbocyclic iridoid glucosides, manucorymbosides I-IV (15-18). Also, the caffeoyl phenylethanoid glycoside verbascoside was ...
Van Roermund Carlo W T CW Laboratory Genetic Metabolic Diseases, Depts. of Pediatrics and Clinical Chemistry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Peroxisomes play a major role in human cellular lipid metabolism, including fatty acid β-oxidation. Free fatty acids (FFA) can enter peroxisomes through passive diffusion or by means of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters, including HsABCD1 (ALDP, adrenoleukodystrophy protein), HsABCD2 (ALDRP) and HsABCD3 (PMP70). The physiological functions of the different peroxisomal ...
Marti M E ME Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, - - 2014
Two biosurfactants, surfactin and fatty acyl-glutamate, were produced from genetically-modified strains of Bacillus subtilis on 2% glucose and mineral salts media in shake-flasks and bioreactors. Biosurfactant synthesis ceased when the main carbohydrate source was completely depleted. Surfactin titers were ∼30-fold higher than fatty acyl-glutamate in the same medium. When bacteria ...
Bellou Stamatia - - 2013
The conversion of olive mill wastewater (OMW) into high added value lipids containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), in parallel with a significant phenolic removal by selected strains of Zygomycetes, is reported here for the first time. The growth of Mortierella isabellina, Mortierella ramanniana, Cunninghamella echinulata, Mucor sp., Thamnidium elegans and ...
Ochoa-Estopier Abril - - 2013
Lipid accumulation in oleaginous yeasts is triggered by nutrient imbalance in the culture medium between the carbon source in excess and the nitrogen source in limiting concentration. However Yarrowia lipolytica when cultivated on glucose as the sole carbon source, mainly produces citric acid upon nitrogen limitation over lipid accumulation (only ...
Varela Lourdes M - - 2013
Intestinally produced triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated the relevance of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) and saturated fatty acid (SFA) in postprandial TRL in affecting the transcriptional activity of the apolipoprotein-B48 receptor (ApoB48R) and its functionality in human monocyte/macrophage ...
Pannkuk Evan L - - 2013
White-nose syndrome (WNS) is a fungal disease caused by Pseudogymnoascus destructans and is devastating North American bat populations. Sebaceous lipids secreted from host integumentary tissues are implicated in the initial attachment and recognition of host tissues by pathogenic fungi. We are interested in determining if ratios of lipid classes in ...
Petzinger Christina - - 2013
Monk parrots (Myiopsitta monachus) are susceptible to atherosclerosis, a progressive disease characterized by the formation of plaques in the arteries accompanied by underlying chronic inflammation. The family of n-3 fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA), have consistently been shown to reduce atherosclerotic risk factors ...
Ruggles Kelly V - - 2013
The toxic subcellular accumulation of lipids predisposes several human metabolic syndromes including obesity, type 2 diabetes and some forms of neurodegeneration. To identify pathways that prevent lipid-induced cell death, we performed a genome-wide, fatty acid sensitivity screen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We identified 160 yeast mutants as sensitive to 0.5 mM ...
Esche Rebecca - - 2013
As information on free sterols/stanols and steryl/stanyl esters in nuts is lacking, the compositions and contents of these lipid constituents in ten different nut types were analyzed. The applied approach was based on online liquid chromatography-gas chromatography and enabled the simultaneous analysis of free sterols/stanols and individual steryl/stanyl fatty acid ...
Al-Abdulla Ibrahim - - 2013
Antivenoms are typically produced in horses or sheep and often purified using salt precipitation of immunoglobulins or F(ab')2 fragments. Caprylic (octanoic) acid fractionation of antiserum has the advantage of not precipitating the desired antibodies, thereby avoiding potential degradation that can lead to the formation of aggregates, which may be the ...
Ruiz-Lopez Noemi - - 2013
Omega-3 (also called n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (≥C20; LC-PUFAs) are of considerable interest, based on clear evidence of dietary health benefits and the concurrent decline of global sources (fish oils). Generating alternative transgenic plant sources of omega-3 LC-PUFAs, i.e. eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n-3, EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3, ...
Arnold Markus F F MF School of Medicine and Dentistry, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2014
yaiW is a previously uncharacterized gene found in enteric bacteria that is of particular interest because it is located adjacent to the sbmA gene, whose bacA ortholog is required for Sinorhizobium meliloti symbiosis and Brucella abortus pathogenesis. We show that yaiW is cotranscribed with sbmA in Escherichia coli and Salmonella ...
Guo Xiaojing - - 2013
Long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (ACSL; EC 6.2.1.3) catalyzes the conversion of free fatty acid to acyl-CoA ester, which is necessary for many pathways of fatty acid and lipid metabolism. The diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum genome encodes five putative ACSLs (PtACSL1-5) that contain several highly conserved motifs and share limited sequence similarities with ...
Dai Xiao-Wei XW Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, People's Republic of - - 2014
Prospective studies have supported the beneficial effects of n-3 fatty acid consumption on cardiac deaths, but limited data focused on atherosclerosis. We investigated the associations between n-3 fatty acids in erythrocytes and atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older Chinese. 847 subjects (285 men and 562 women), aged 40-65 years, from Guangzhou, ...
Assiri Adel Mohamad Ali - - 2013
Abstract Health promoting cold pressed oils may improve human health and prevent certain diseases. It is hard to find any research concerning the composition and functional properties of cold pressed clove (Syzygium aromaticum) oil (CO). Cold pressed CO was evaluated for its lipid classes, fatty acid profiles, and tocol contents. ...
Dahmen Ines - - 2013
Coastal countries that suffer from a scarcity of water, such as Tunisia, have to cultivate marine microalgae on non-arable land in order to produce feedstock and overcome their demands of nutrition and energy. In this framework, a green microalga, CTM 20019, was isolated, identified as Picochlorum sp. and tested for ...
Bae Ji Suk - - 2013
Serum uric acid level has been found to be associated with a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, the topic has not been explored in the general population, especially in Korea. This study was designed to determine whether serum uric acid is associated with carotid atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness in ...
Ploier Birgit - - 2013
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as well as other eukaryotes, preserves free fatty acids and sterols in a biologically inert form, as triacylglycerols and steryl esters. The major triacylglycerol lipases of the yeast S. cerevisiae identified so far are Tgl3p, Tgl4p and Tgl5p (Athenstaedt et al., 2003, J. Biol. Chem 278, 23317-23323; Athenstaedt ...
Kumar S P Jeevan SP Microbial and Downstream Processing Laboratory, Department of Agricultural and Food Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur 721 302, - - 2013
Oleaginous microorganisms have emerged as potential sources of oils for biodiesel production. To replenish as an alternative to the vegetable oils, higher lipid accumulating strain coupled with process optimization is indispensable. In the present study, response surface methodology (RSM) based central composite design (CCD) was used for optimization of lipid ...
Hassan Eftekhari Mohammad M Associate Professor, Department of Nutrition, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity, mortality, and disability in Iranian people. Inflammation and oxidative processes are key components of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and omega-3 fatty acid (ω-3 fatty acids) supplementation on inflammation markers ...
Afonso Milessa da Silva Mda S Lipids Laboratory (LIM10), Faculty of Medical Sciences of the University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
The impact of dietary fatty acids in atherosclerosis development may be partially attributed to their effect on macrophage cholesterol homeostasis. This process is the result of interplay between cholesterol uptake and efflux, which are permeated by inflammation and oxidative stress. Although saturated fatty acids (SAFAs) do not influence cholesterol efflux, ...
Minh Thuy Le Thi le - - 2014
Acid-soluble collagen (ASC) was successfully extracted from the scales of lizard fish (Saurida spp.) and horse mackerel (Trachurus japonicus) from Japan and Vietnam and grey mullet (Mugil cephalis), flying fish (Cypselurus melanurus) and yellowback seabream (Dentex tumifrons) from Japan. ASC yields were about 0.43-1.5% (on a dry weight basis), depending ...
Ren Yuan - - 2013
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) enriched eggs are a growing market share of the egg industry. This study examined the stability of n-3 PUFA enriched eggs fortified with antioxidants (vitamin E or organic Selenium [Sel-Plex] or both) following cooking and storage. The total fat content was not affected by ...
Huang Yechuan - - 2014
Lipolysis and lipid oxidation as well as the relationship between them during processing of Chinese traditional smoke-cured bacon were studied by evaluating the changes in physicochemical parameters, lipase and lipoxygenase (LOX) activities, lipid content, fatty acid composition, peroxide value (POV), and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Besides phospholipids, triacylglycerols (TAG) ...
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