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Results 601 - 650 of 2596
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Kelly M J MJ Center for Animal Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue associated with meat is an important factor for the beef industry because of its implications for human health, processing, meat quality, and palatability. Individual fatty acid composition is a trait under genetic control, so improvement via selective breeding of cattle is possible. The objective ...
Sasazaki Shinji - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of beef adipose tissue is one of its important traits because a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acid is related to favorable beef flavor and tenderness. In this study, we searched polymorphisms in full length coding DNA sequence of urotensin 2 recepter and investigated the effects on ...
Kozai Yuki Y a Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology , Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
We recently obtained evidence that unsaturated long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) (e.g. oleic acid) inhibit binding of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) to CD36. In the present study, we validated this prediction by examining inhibition by unsaturated LCFAs of Alexa-fluor-labeled oxLDL binding to multiwell plates onto which a synthetic CD36 peptide is ...
Salehi Mansoureh M Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 165, Urmia University, Urmia, - - 2014
To develop an in vitro regeneration system to increase the recovery of Carum copticum L. plantlets as a part of developing a metabolic engineering program. The efficacy of different concentrations and combinations of 6-benzyladenine, indole-3-acetic acid and indole butyric acid on direct shoot regeneration and rooting of ajowan from apical ...
Haniffa Mohammed Abdul Kader MA Centre for Aquaculture Research and Extension (CARE), St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai 627 002, - - 2014
Murrel namely Channa striatus or haruan contains all essential elements to maintain good health and to recover the lost energy after prolonged illness. The fatty acid composition (% of total fatty acid) indicated the abundant presence of C16:0 fatty acid as 30% and the other major fatty acids were C22:6 ...
Ma Donglin D Department of Cell Biology, Municipal Laboratory for Liver Protection and Regulation of Regeneration, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, - - 2014
Abnormal lipid metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) protein mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) to generate nascent HDL particles. Previous studies revealed that overexpression of ABCA1 or apoA-I alleviated hepatic lipid levels ...
Harlow Brittany E BE University of Kentucky, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
The goals were to determine if β-acid from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) could be used to control fructan fermentation by equine hindgut microorganisms, and to verify the antimicrobial mode of action on Streptococcus bovis, which has been implicated in fructan fermentation, hindgut acidosis, and pasture associated laminitis (PAL) in the ...
Custer Jenny E JE Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0006, - - 2014
The oral cariogenic bacterial pathogen Streptococcus mutans strain UA159 has become an important research organism strain since its genome was sequenced. However, there is a paucity of information on its lipidome using direct analytical biochemical approaches. We here report on comprehensive analyses of the major lipid classes and their fatty ...
Mahapatra Durga Madhab DM Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India; Centre for Sustainable Technologies (astra), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, - - 2014
Algae grown in outdoor reactors (volume: 10L and depth: 20cm) were fed directly with filtered and sterilised municipal wastewater. The nutrient removal efficiencies were 86%, 90%, 89%, 70% and 76% for TOC, TN, NH4-N, TP and OP, respectively, and lipid content varied from 18% to 28.5% of dry algal biomass. ...
Boulom Sayvisene S School of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, 34 St Paul Street, Auckland 1142, New - - 2014
Monthly changes of lipids, fatty acids, phytosterol and α-tocopherol in New Zealand brown macroalgae, Undaria pinnatifida, were investigated. U. pinnatifida lipid content ranged from 17 to 45mg/g in the blade and between 21 and 63mg/g in the sporophyll. It was a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with n-6 ...
Raphael W W College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes from periparturient cows can have exacerbated inflammatory responses that contribute to disease incidence and severity. Oxylipids derived from the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can regulate the magnitude and duration of inflammation. Although PUFA substrate for oxylipid biosynthesis in leukocytes is known to change across ...
Delgadillo-Puga Claudia C Nutrición Animal INCMNSZ, Vasco de Quiroga 15, 14000, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico, - - 2014
Organic agriculture and livestock farming is claimed to promote animal welfare and can offer animal products with better hygienic-sanitary quality, based on principles of health, ecology, fairness, and care. However, no clear advantages of organic milk (OM) versus conventional milk (CM) from tropical conditions are available. The aims of the ...
Koizumi Kyoko K National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research - - 2014
The fatty acid compositions of the total lipids of three edible deep-sea fishes, Diaphus watasei, Diaphus suborbitalis, and Benthosema pterotum, were compared with those of a highly migratory fish, Katsuwonus pelamis, to clarify their lipid characteristics and nutritional value as seafood. The mean lipid contents in the three myctophids were ...
Patel Alok A Molecular Microbiology Laboratory, Biotechnology Department, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT R), Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, - - 2014
Hemp seeds aqueous extract (HSAE) was used as cheap renewable feedstocks to grow novel oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae HIMPA1 isolated from Himalayan permafrost soil. The yeast showed boosted triglyceride (TAG) accumulation in the lipid droplets (LDs) which were transesterified to biodiesel. The sonicated HSAE prepared lacked toxic inhibitors and showed ...
Maehre Hanne K HK Norwegian College of Fishery Science, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics (BFE), UIT - The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037, Tromsø, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to examine protein and amino acid composition, lipid and fatty acid composition, along with a range of essential minerals in common Norwegian seaweed species representing the red (Palmaria palmata and Vertebrata lanosa), green (Cladophora rupestris, Enteromorpha intestinalis and Ulva lactuca) and brown (Alaria esculenta, ...
Alvarenga A L N AL 1 Laboratory of Structural Biology and Reproduction, Department of Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-901, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether fatty acid (FA) profile, oxidative stability of lipids and other meat quality traits differed between high (HW: 1.8 to 2.2 kg) and low (LW: 0.8 to 1.2 kg) birth weight piglets. Forty new-born male pigs (n=20 HW, n=20 LW) were reared ...
Han Lin L School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nan Road, Jinan 250100, - - 2014
In this work, four microalgae including Chlorella sp. SDEC-10, Chlorella ellipsoidea SDEC-11, Scenedesmus bijuga SDEC-12 and Scenedesmus quadricauda SEDC-13 isolated from a local lake have been investigated for the properties of growth, nutrient removal and lipid accumulation in synthetic sewage. Their biomass ranged between 0.4 and 0.5g/L. The total phosphorus ...
Aghwan Z A ZA Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia ; Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq - - 2014
Fat and fatty acids in muscle and adipose tissues are among the major factors influencing meat quality particularly nutritional value and palatability. The present study was carried out to examine the effects of supplementing inorganic selenium (Se), iodine (I) and a combination of both on fatty acid compositions in serum, ...
Gobi K K School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, - - 2014
Aerobic dynamic feeding (ADF) strategy was applied in sequencing batch reactor (SBR) to accumulate polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) in aerobic granules. The aerobic granules were able to remove 90% of the COD from palm oil mill effluent (POME). The volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in the POME are the sole source of the ...
Cividini Angela A Department of Animal Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Groblje 3, SI-1230 Domžale, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Thirty two autochthonous Jezersko-Solčava lambs were used to investigate the effect of production (pasture vs. stable) and weaning system (suckling vs. weaned) on fatty acid composition of Longissimus dorsi intramuscular fat in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Pasture lambs had lower intramuscular fat concentration (P<0.0001) more PUFA and trans ...
Ruan Zhenhua Z Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2014
A combined hydrolysis process, which first mixed dilute acid- and alkali-pretreated corn stover at a 1:1 (w/w) ratio, directly followed by enzymatic saccharification without pH adjustment, has been developed in this study in order to minimize the need of neutralization, detoxification, and washing during the process of lignocellulosic biofuel production. ...
Song Mingming M School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nan Road, Jinan 250100, - - 2014
In this study, the effects of gas liquid ratio (GLR) on growth, lipid and fatty acid production of Phaeodactylum tricornutum were investigated. The positive linear relationships among specific growth rate, lipid content, fatty acid methyl ester content and GLR were built. GLR of 1.5vvm was considered as the optimum GLR ...
Poli Jandora Severo JS Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Sarmento Leite 500 sala 154, CEP 90050-170 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Departamento de Microbiologia, ICB, C.P. 486, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CEP 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of medium composition and culture conditions on lipid content, fatty acid profile and biomass production by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica QU21. Lipid production by the yeast growing on glycerol/(NH4)2SO4 (10%/0.1%) reached 1.48g/L (30.1% according to total cell dry weight). When glycerol was replaced ...
Torok Valeria A VA a South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI), Soil Biology and Diagnostics, Plant Research Centre, Urrbrae, SA 5064, - - 2014
The rumen microbiota contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and has an impact on feed efficiency and ruminant product fatty acid composition. Dietary fat supplements have shown promise in reducing enteric methane production and in altering the fatty acid profiles of ruminant-derived products, yet in vivo studies on how these impact ...
Lopes L S LS Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal de Lavras, MG, - - 2014
This study evaluated the effect of feed restriction and goat genotype on meat quality. Three genotypes (Brazilian native breed Canindé; Brazilian native breed Moxotó; and F1 Boer crossbred animals obtained by crossing Boer bucks with local breed does) and three different feeding regimens (ad libitum fed, AL; restricted fed at ...
Fernandes Carolina Estevam CE Department of Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE, Prof. Moraes Rego Avenue, 1235 - Cidade Universitária, CEP: 50670-901 Recife, PE, - - 2014
Centesimal composition and lipid profiles were evaluated in muscle tissue of four species of Brazilian fish using the Kjeldahl and Bligh & Dyer gravimetric methods and gas chromatography, respectively. The moisture, protein, total lipid, and ash values (g/100g) ranged from 71.13 to 78.39; 18.10 to 19.87; 1.05 to 9.03; and ...
Zhou Wen-Juan - - 2014
Stabilization of oil/oil Pickering emulsions using robust and recyclable catalytic amphiphilic silica nanoparticles bearing alkyl and propylsulfonic acid groups allows fast and efficient solvent-free acetalization of immiscible long-chain fatty aldehydes with ethylene glycol.
Karlsdottir Magnea G MG Matis ohf, Icelandic Food and Biotech R&D, Biotechnology and Biomolecules, Vinlandsleid 12, IS-113 Reykjavík, Iceland; University of Iceland, Department of Food Science, Vinlandsleid 12, IS-113 Reykjavík, Iceland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) was applied to estimate lipid composition and degradation of two lean fish species, saithe (Pollachius virens) and hoki (Macruronus novaezelandiae). Calibration models were developed, using partial least squares (PLS) regression, for total lipid content and composition, free fatty acids (FFA), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and ...
Chowdhury Rajiv - - 2014
Guidelines advocate changes in fatty acid consumption to promote cardiovascular health. To summarize evidence about associations between fatty acids and coronary disease. MEDLINE, Science Citation Index, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through July 2013. Prospective, observational studies and randomized, controlled trials. Investigators extracted data about study characteristics and ...
Ummalyma Sabeela Beevi SB Centre for Biofuels, Biotechnology Division, CSIR-National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Industrial Estate PO, Trivandrum 695019, - - 2014
Dairy effluent (DE) was evaluated for cultivation of the oleaginous micro alga Chlorococcum sp. RAP13 under mixotrophic and heterotrophic modes. The alga grew better and accumulated more lipids under heterotrophic cultivation. Supplementation of biodiesel industry waste glycerol (BDWG) to DE enhanced the biomass production as well as lipid accumulation. While ...
Wang Xin-Wei XW School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, - - 2014
The marine diatom Chaetoceros muelleri grown under air (0.03% CO2), 10%, 20%, and 30% CO2 conditions was evaluated to determine its potential for CO2 reduction coupled with biodiesel production. The results indicated that C. muelleri grows well with high CO2 aeration levels (10-20%) and is induced to accumulate lipids under ...
Serra A A Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Agro-ambientali, University of Pisa, Italy; Centro di Ricerche Agroambientali "E. Avanzi", University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present paper was to evaluate the fatty acid composition, lipolysis, lipid oxidation and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Colonnata lard from Large White (LW) or Cinta Senese (CS) pigs during one-year of curing. CS lard contained higher amounts of unsaturated fatty acids than that from LW, ...
Scollan Nigel D ND Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Gogerddan, Aberystwyth, Wales SY23 3EE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper focuses on dietary approaches to control intramuscular fat deposition to increase beneficial omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and conjugated linoleic acid content and reduce saturated fatty acids in beef. Beef lipid trans-fatty acids are considered, along with relationships between lipids in beef and colour shelf-life and sensory attributes. ...
Feng Yunzi Y College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, - - 2014
Evolution of lipids during koji fermentation and the effect of lipase supplementation on the sensory properties of soy sauce were investigated. Results showed that total lipids of the koji samples were in the range of 16-21%. The extracted lipid of initial koji consisted mainly of triacylglycerols (TAGs, >98%), followed by ...
Bharti Randhir K RK School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, - - 2014
A CO2 sequestering bacterial strain, Serratia sp. ISTD04, that produces a significant amount of extracellular lipids was isolated from marble mine rocks. (14)C labeling analysis revealed that the rate of assimilation of CO2 by the strain is 0.756×10(-9)μmolCO2fixedcell(-1)h(-1). It was found to produce 466mg/l of extracellular lipid which was characterized ...
Choi Yung Hyun YH Department of Biochemistry, Dongeui University College of Oriental Medicine, Busan 614-052 and Anti-Aging Research Center & Blue-Bio Industry RIC, Dongeui University, Busan 614-714, - - 2014
Linoleic acid is the most abundant polyunsaturated fatty acid in human nutrition and found in most vegetable oils and certain food products. In the present study, we investigated the effects of linoleic acid on the growth of human epithelial adenocarcinoma AGS cells. MTT assay, flow cytometry, RT-PCR and Western-blot analyses ...
Ter Beek Alexander A Department of Molecular Biology and Microbial Food Safety (MBMFS), Netherlands Institute for Systems Biology (NISB), Swammerdam Institute for Life Sciences (SILS), University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2015
The advent of 'omics' techniques bears significant potential for the assessment of the microbiological stability of foods. This requires the integration of molecular data with their implication for cellular physiology. Here we performed a comparative physiological and transcriptional analysis of Bacillus subtilis stressed with three different weak organic acids: the ...
Panaser Amandeep A Chemical Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham, B4 7ET, United - - 2014
Purpose:To investigate structural differences in the fatty acid profiles of lipids extracted from ex vivo contact lenses by using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). Two lens materials (balafilcon A or lotrafilcon A) were worn on a daily or continuous wear schedule for 30 days and 7 days. Methods:Lipids from subject-worn ...
Parsons Joshua B JB Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN - - 2014
Acyl-CoA and acyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthetases activate exogenous fatty acids for incorporation into phospholipids in Gram-negative bacteria. However, Gram-positive bacteria utilize an acyltransferase pathway for the biogenesis of phosphatidic acid that begins with the acylation of sn-glycerol-3-phosphate by PlsY using an acyl-phosphate (acyl-PO4 ) intermediate. PlsX generates acyl-PO4 from ...
Montoya Erika Y Ortiz EY Department of Civil, Chemical and Environmental Engineering (DICCA), Chemical Engineering Pole, University of Genoa, Via Opera Pia 15, 16145, Genoa, - - 2014
To reduce CO2 emissions and simultaneously produce biomass rich in essential fatty acids, Chlorella vulgaris CCAP 211 was continuously grown in a tubular photobioreactor using air alone or air enriched with CO2 as the sole carbon source. While on the one hand nitrogen-limited conditions strongly affected biomass growth, on the ...
Jo Yoon Ju YJ Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do 446-701, Republic of - - 2014
Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and glycerol carbonate were simultaneously prepared from Chlorella sp. KR-1 containing 40.9% (w/w) lipid using a reactive extraction method with dimethyl carbonate (DMC). DMC was used as lipid extraction agent, acyl acceptor for transesterification of the extracted triglycerides, substrate for glycerol carbonate synthesis from glycerol, ...
Mäntyselkä Pekka - - 2014
Cross-sectional studies have suggested that serum omega-3 (n-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are related to favorable lipoprotein particle concentrations. We explored the associations of serum n-3 and n-6 PUFAs with lipoprotein particle concentrations and sizes in a general population cohort at baseline and after 6 years. The ...
Roche Christine M CM The Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, The University of California, Berkeley, California, 94720; The Energy Biosciences Institute, The University of California, Berkeley, California, - - 2014
Microbially produced triacylglycerol (TAG) is a potential feedstock for the production of biodiesel, but its commercialization will require high yields from low-cost renewable feedstocks such as lignocellulose. The present study employs a multi-gene approach to increasing TAG biosynthesis in the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. We demonstrate the redirection of carbon ...
Ren Lu-Jing LJ State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, No. 5 Xinmofan Road, Nanjing 210009, People's Republic of - - 2014
Single cell oils (SCOs), a complex lipid system, contains neutral lipids (NLs), polar lipids (PLs) and unsaponifiable matters (UMs). To investigate the dynamic changes and the metabolic competition mechanism of different components of SCOs, changes in lipid composition of Schizochytrium sp. were monitored in lipid accumulation and turnover stages. Lipid ...
Li Yan - - 2014
Microalgae cells have the potential to rapidly accumulate lipids, such as triacylglycerides that contain fatty acids important for high value fatty acids (e.g., EPA and DHA) and/or biodiesel production. However, lipid extraction methods for microalgae cells are not well established, and there is currently no standard extraction method for the ...
Prinsen Pepijn - - 2014
Wheat bran, the major side-stream generated in the milling of wheat grains in the production of white flour, contains significant quantities of carbohydrate and proteins. While not interfering with flour utilization, the bran could be considered as an important feedstock within a biorefinery concept. Wheat bran also contains some amounts ...
Richter Marilize M Centre of Excellence for Nutrition, North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preliminary data from the baseline Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study in South Africa indicated a higher prevalence of dyslipidemia than previous South African studies. The intake of specific individual dietary fatty acids may affect blood lipids differently than sub-groups of fat (i.e. polyunsaturated fatty acids). We investigated the dietary ...
Khawaja Owais O Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, - - 2014
Although free fatty acids have been positively associated with risk factors for stroke, the role of plasma free fatty acids in the development of stroke has not been elucidated in older adults. We sought to examine the association between plasma free fatty acids and incident stroke. Prospective cohort of 4369 ...
Jelenkovic Aline A Department of Genetics, Physical Anthropology and Animal Physiology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Leioa 48940, Spain; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao 48011, Spain; Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki 00014, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Little is known about the associations of serum fatty acids with lipoprotein profile and the underlying genetic and environmental etiology of these relationships. We aimed to analyze the phenotypic association of serum n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated (PUFAs), monounsaturated (MUFAs) and saturated (SFAs) fatty acids (relative proportion to total fatty acids) ...
Kaikkonen J E - - 2014
Abstract The intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is generally linked with a reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but an elevated n6PUFA intake, without simultaneous n3PUFA supply, may elevate the risk. PUFAs are suspected as being easily oxidized and have a potential role in lipoprotein oxidation and inflammation. Saturated fatty ...
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