Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2292
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
McCartney C A - - 2013
The targeting of mcrA or 16S rRNA genes by quantitative PCR (qPCR) has become the dominant method for quantifying methanogens in rumen. There are considerable discrepancies between estimates based on different primer sets, and the literature is equivocal about the relationship with methane production. There are a number of problems ...
Lu Y - - 2013
An actinomycete producing oil-like mixtures was isolated and characterized. The strain was isolated from sheep faeces and identified as Streptomyces sp. S161 based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The strain showed cellulase and xylanase activities. The (1) H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of the mixtures showed that the ...
Vukašinović Elvira L - - 2013
This study compares the composition and biophysical properties of lipids in non-diapausing and diapausing fifth instar larvae of Ostrinia nubilalis Hubn. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). The majority of fat body lipids in both of these physiological states were comprised of ~90% triacylglycerols (TAGs), whereas the haemolymph contained a more even distribution of ...
Adolphson Stephen J - - 2013
Corn tortillas are a staple in the diet among the Mexican population, and are traditionally produced through a process known as nixtamalization. This traditional process involves steeping whole-kernel corn in an alkaline solution overnight and then grinding the corn into dough (masa), which is then baked. While the masa is ...
Chang Guifang - - 2013
DHA production by Schizochytrium sp. S31 was studied in batch cultures on glycerol with stepwise dissolved oxygen strategy. Three growth stages were identified as cell growth, lipid accumulation and lipid turnover. It was revealed that fatty acid (FA) shifts during the three growth stages involved the activity changes of glycerol ...
Cheirsilp Benjamas - - 2013
Two strategies of converting industrial wastes to microbial lipid and direct transesterification of obtained lipid into biodiesel were attempted. Several oleaginous yeasts were cultivated on industrial wastes. The yeasts grew well on the wastes with low C/N ratio (i.e. serum latex) but accumulated high lipid content only when the wastes ...
Yang Heng H Department of Neurology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013, Hunan Province, - - 2013
Studies have shown that glycolysis increases during seizures, and that the glycolytic metabolite lactic acid can be used as an energy source. However, how lactic acid provides energy for seizures and how it can participate in the termination of seizures remains unclear. We reviewed possible mechanisms of glycolysis involved in ...
- - 2013
Trials have shown a beneficial effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in patients with a previous myocardial infarction or heart failure. We evaluated the potential benefit of such therapy in patients with multiple cardiovascular risk factors or atherosclerotic vascular disease who had not had a myocardial infarction. In this double-blind, ...
Fonseca C R - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the growth of lipolytic bacteria in raw goat milk stored under refrigeration for different periods on quality parameters of goat milk powder during its shelf life. Fresh goat milk (100 L) was collected after milking, divided into 3 identical ...
Coppa M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to predict the fatty acid (FA) composition of bulk milk using data describing farming practices collected via on-farm surveys. The FA composition of 1,248 bulk cow milk samples and the related farming practices were collected from 20 experiments led in 10 different European countries ...
Depeters Edward J - - 2013
The objective was to investigate the potential of using fatty acid and mineral compositions of sturgeon eggs to distinguish their source, either farm-raised or wild fish. Trafficking of illegally obtained wild white sturgeon eggs is a major concern to the California Department of Fish and Game, but there is no ...
Chwen Loh Teck LT Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, - - 2013
A study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding medium chain triacylglycerol (MCT) on growth performance, plasma fatty acids, villus height and crypt depth in preweaning piglets. A total of 150 new born piglets were randomly assigned into one of three treatments: i) Control (no MCT); ii) MCT with ...
Ooi Esther M M - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dyslipidemia is a powerful risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Dietary fatty acid composition regulates lipids and lipoprotein metabolism and may confer CVD benefit. This review updates understanding of the effect of dietary fatty acids on lipoprotein metabolism in humans. RECENT FINDINGS: High dietary fish-derived n-3 polyunsaturated ...
Caroprese Mariangela - - 2013
The effects of adding flaxseed or fish oil to the diet of dairy cows on the chemical and physical profile of Mozzarella cheese production were studied. The experiment involved 24 Friesian cows, divided into 3 groups accordingly fat supplementation: basal diet (CT), diet supplemented with flaxseed (FS) or fish oil ...
Petzinger C - - 2013
The effect of α-linolenic acid from a flaxseed (FLX)-enriched diet on plasma lipid and fatty acid metabolism and possible atherosclerosis risk factors was studied in Monk parrots (Myiopsitta monachus). Twenty-four Monk parrots were randomly assigned to diets containing either 10% ground SUNs or 10% ground FLXs. Feed intake was calculated ...
Ishii Atsushi - - 2013
Fatty acid composition is one of the important traits in beef. The aim of this study was to identify candidate genomic regions for fatty acid composition by genome-wide association study with 50 K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array in Japanese Black cattle. A total of 461 individuals and 40 657 SNPs were ...
Nishino Masami - - 2013
It has been reported that a major cause of coronary vasospastic angina (VSA) is endothelial dysfunction of the coronary artery. On the other hand, some studies showed that serum uric acid and lipoprotein(a) are correlated with endothelial dysfunction. Thus, we examined whether uric acid and lipoprotein(a), are correlated with VSA. ...
Simões Tiago - - 2013
 Proximate composition (ash, moisture, total protein, and fat contents) and fatty acid profile of Balistes capriscus (grey triggerfish) were assessed over a 6-months period (April to September, 2011) in animals captured along the coast of Peniche (Portugal). High protein (18.9% to 21.4%) and low lipid (0.5% to 0.8%) contents were ...
Nieto Jorge E - - 2013
Objective-To determine the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of zoledronic acid in horses. Animals-8 healthy horses. Procedures-A single dose of zoledronic acid (0.057 mg/kg, IV) was administered during a 30-minute period. Venous blood was collected at several time points. Zoledronic acid concentration in plasma was measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, ...
Akmar Z D - - 2013
There is a lack of information on the trans fatty acid (TFA) content in Malaysian foods. The objective of this study is to determine the TFA content of bakery products, snacks, dairy products, fast foods, cooking oils and semisolid fats, and breakfast cereals and Malaysian fast foods. This study also ...
Lee Young-Chul - - 2013
Microalgae biorefinement has attracted in intensive academic and industrial interest worldwide for its potential to replace petrol biofuels as economically and environmentally advantageous alternatives. However, harvesting and lipid extraction remain as critical and difficult issues to be resolved. In the present study, four amino-groups functionalized organic-nano clays were prepared. Specifically, ...
Grossi P - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of the administration of long chain omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FA) and acetylsalicylic acid on inflammation, performance and fertility in periparturient dairy cows. Five weeks before calving 26 multiparous dairy cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: ω-3 FA (n=9; OM), ω-3 FA ...
Brown Dusty B DB Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, - - 2013
Until now, the gene responsible for the 3-O-deacylation of lipid A among nitrogen-fixing endosymbionts has not been characterized. Several Gram-negative animal pathogens such as Salmonella enterica, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Bordetella bronchiseptica contain an outer membrane 3-O-deacylase (PagL) that has been implicated in host immune evasion. The role of 3-O-deacylated lipid ...
Kwon Eilhann E - - 2013
The sequential co-production of bioethanol and biodiesel from spent coffee grounds was investigated. The direct conversion of bioethanol from spent coffee grounds was not found to be a desirable option because of the relatively slow enzymatic saccharification behavior in the presence of triglycerides and the free fatty acids (FFAs) found ...
Rizos Evangelos C - - 2013
Omega-3 fatty acids have been traditionally used for the prevention of major cardiovascular events in patients with or without a history of cardiovascular disease. Their main mechanism of action is to lower triglyceride levels, but they also exert anti-arrythmic and anti-inflammatory properties, they reduce blood pressure levels and stabilize the ...
Filipe Hugo A L - - 2013
The lipidic α-amino acid with 11 carbons in the alkyl lateral chain (α-aminotridecanoic acid) was synthesized via multicomponent hydroformylation/Strecker reaction which is a greener synthetic approach to promote this transformation relative to previously described methods. Its solubility and aggregation behavior in aqueous solutions was characterized, as well as the interaction ...
Costa Ana S H - - 2013
The intramuscular fat composition of ruminant meats influences the quality of the final product, which explains the increasing interest in assessing the fatty acid profile of meat from different production systems. In this study, it was hypothesized that there are breed- and diet-induced variations on lipid metabolism in the muscle, ...
Kliem Kirsty E - - 2013
Milk and dairy products are major sources of fat in the human diet, but there are few detailed reports on the fatty acid composition of retail milk, trans fatty acids in particular, and how these change throughout the year. Semi-skimmed milk was collected monthly for one year from five supermarkets ...
Peters L W E - - 2013
Background: In particular branched-chain amino acids might limit muscle protein loss in pathological conditions. Little is known on basic amino acid utilization of muscle in horses. Objective: To assess amino acid utilization by the hindlimb of horses at rest and following low intensity exercise. Animals & methods: Amino acid uptake ...
Song Mingming - - 2013
In this study, the potential of 10 algae species for biodiesel production were evaluated by determining their fatty acid profiles, biodiesel properties besides growth rate, biomass concentration and lipid productivity. Among seven strains with high growth and lipid accumulation properties, excluding Kirchneriella lunaris and Lyngbya kuetzingii, five species Selenastrum capricornutum, ...
Plachá Daniela - - 2013
In this study we observed the production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) during the composting process of compost heaps in two different bioreactors (open and closed) at three different depths (0, 40 and 80cm). The compost was prepared as a mixture of bio-waste, horse manure, grass and sawdust to ensure ...
Gołębiowski Marek - - 2013
The cuticular and internal lipid composition in C. vomitoria larvae, pupae, and male and female adults was studied. The free fatty acid (FA) compositions of the lipids were chemically characterized using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-electron impact mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Analyses of cuticular extracts from larvae, pupae, and male ...
Cao Yun - - 2013
The goals of the present study were to evaluate the suppressive capability of anaerobically digested slurry (ADS) against Phytophthora capsici and to determine the key factors of disease control in ADS. This was achieved by the investigations of the changes in microbial populations and the levels of antimicrobial compound during ...
Stergiadis S - - 2013
This study investigates the quality of retail milk labelled as Jersey & Guernsey (JG) when compared with milk without breed specifications (NS) and repeatability of differences over seasons and years. 16 different brands of milk (4 Jersey & Guernsey, 12 non specified breed) were sampled over 2years on 4 occasions. ...
Remagni Maria Chiara - - 2013
Milk and dairy products play an important role in a healthy diet because of their high nutritional value, even if they represent a source of lipids and cholesterol. Nowadays, some commercially hypocholesterolemic products are available, which contain lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Therefore, the aims of this study were to test ...
Del Rio Jose Carlos - - 2013
The chemical composition of the lipids in wheat straw was studied in detail by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Important discrepancies with the data reported in previous papers were found. The predominant lipids identified were series of long-chain free fatty acids (25 % of total extract), followed by series of ...
Baskaran Sangeetha Ananda - - 2013
Two naturally occurring, generally recognized as safe compounds, namely, caprylic acid (CA) (1%) and b -resorcylic acid (BR) (1%), and their combination, applied at 23 and 60°C were evaluated for their antimicrobial effects against Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cattle hides in the presence and absence of bovine feces. Fresh cleaned ...
Sobczuk-Szul Monika M University of Warmia and Mazury, Faculty of Animal Bioengineering, Department of Cattle Breeding and Milk Quality Evaluation, ul. Oczapowskiego 5, 10 - 719 Olsztyn, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of slaughter season on the fatty acid profile in four types of fat deposits in crossbred (Polish Holstein Friesian Black-and-White×Limousine) beef bulls. The percentage share of fatty acids was determined by gas chromatography and were divided into the following categories ...
Wang T T Research and Technology Center, Cargill Agri Purina, Seongnam 463-808, Korea - - 2013
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of lactation stage and individual performance on milk cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content in dairy cows. In experiment 1, the milk cis-9, trans-11 CLA content from dairy cows in early (0.33±0.014%), middle (0.37±0.010%), and late stages (0.44±0.020%) showed ...
Beck-García E - - 2013
Specific interactions between the polar head groups of membrane lipids and proteins have been previously described. In contrast, the specificity of the interaction between lipid acyl chains with proteins is less understood. By combining a fatty acid- or cholesterol-pull down assay with Western blot analysis or mass spectrometry, we identified ...
Troncoso-Ponce Manuel A - - 2013
Rapid turnover of stored triacylglycerol occurs after seed germination, releasing fatty acids that provide carbon and energy for seedling establishment. Glycerolipid and fatty acid turnover that occurs at other times in the plant life cycle, including senescence is less studied. Although the entire pathway of β-oxidation is induced during senescence, ...
Ganesh Nitya N Amrita Centre for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala 682041, - - 2013
An injectable composite gel was developed from alginic and hyaluronic acid. The enzymatically cross-linked injectable gels were prepared via the oxidative coupling of tyramine modified sodium algiante and sodium hyaluronate in the presence of horse radish peroxidase (HRP) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The composite gels were prepared by mixing equal ...
Duckett S K - - 2013
Angus-cross steers (n = 128; INWT = 270 ± 3.8 kg) were used in a 3-yr study to assess effects of forage species grazed prior to slaughter versus concentrate finishing on carcass and meat quality. At the completion of the stockering phase, steers were randomly allotted to mixed pasture (MP; ...
Moeller R - - 2013
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the fatty acid profiles of hair of first parity cows, their reproduction and milk performance. Hair samples from forty-six German Holstein cows, 50 to 62 days post partum, were analyzed to assess the relationship. All cows were fed the ...
Zhao Haiyan H Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, - - 2013
We report that B(C(6)Cl(5))(3) is a potent Lewis acid which, despite the bulk of the pentachlorophenyl group, forms complexes with small anions, including fluoride, or organic Lewis bases, such as p-dimethylaminopyridine.
Price Edwin R - - 2013
Abstract Fatty acids are not mobilized from adipocyte triacylglycerols uniformly but rather some are preferentially mobilized while others are preferentially retained. In many vertebrate species, the pattern of differential mobilization is determined by the physical and chemical properties of each fatty acid. Fatty acids with shorter chains and more double ...
Liu Zhiguo - - 2013
Sewage sludge rich in carbohydrates and other nutrients could be a good feedstock for fuel/chemical production. In this study, fungal and engineered bacterial cultivations were integrated with a modified anaerobic digestion to accumulate fatty acids on sewage sludge. The anaerobic digestion was first adjusted to enable acetogenic bacteria to accumulate ...
Dey Prabuddha - - 2013
AIM: To characterize a new isolate of Candida tropicalis for its enhanced storage lipid accumulation with respect to lipid composition, fatty acid profile and transcriptional regulation of four key genes involved in lipid productivity using different carbon sources. METHODS AND RESULTS: Upon growing C. tropicalis on various carbon substrates, glucose ...
Liu H W - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the influence of pasture intake on meat quality, lipid oxidation and fatty acid composition of geese. One hundred twenty, Dongbei White, male geese (a local breed; BW = 878 ± 13 g; 28 d old) were randomly and equally divided into 2 treatments with ...
Balia Filippo - - 2013
The effect of CSN1S1 genotype and lactation stage on milk yield and composition were investigated in 80 extensively reared goats. Milk yield was recorded in early, mid and late lactation and individual milk samples were collected to determine: fat, protein, lactose and casein content, pH, freezing point, somatic cell count ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >