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Uyguner C S - - 2010
The present study investigated the removal efficiency of aqueous humic acid solutions by TiO(2) photocatalytic degradation in the presence of Cu(II) species. The pseudo-first-order kinetics revealed rate constants as 9.87 x 10(-3), 7.19 x 10(-3), 3.81 x 10(-3) min(-1) for Color(436), UV(254) and TOC, respectively. Comparatively, lower rate constants were ...
Wu Xing - - 2010
Humic acid is an important pool of heavy metals in sediments. Generally, the presence of refractory humic matter in aquatic systems would decrease the bioavailability of Cd and hence control the bioaccumulation of Cd in benthic animals. In the present work, we applied a suspending system to determine the relative ...
Ryu Miyoung - - 2010
We have investigated dissolution and surface reaction of calcite and aragonite in amino acid solutions of L-glutamic (L-glu) and L-aspartic acid (L-asp) at weak acidity of above pH 3. The surface reactions of calcite and aragonite were related with the dissolution. Calcite was dissolved in both solutions but the dissolution ...
Sundaram Shanthy - - 2010
Rosmarinic acid (RA) is an ester of caffeic acid and 3, 4-dihydroxyphenyllacticacid. It is commonly found in Coleus blumei, Salvia officinalis, Melissa officinalis and Rosmarinus officinalis. The biosynthesis of RA starts with precursor molecules L-phenylalanine and L-tyrosine. Simulation of RA biosynthetic pathway was done using Gepasi Software, includes the reaction ...
Hauser Philippe M - - 2010
Pneumocystis jirovecii is a fungus causing severe pneumonia in immuno-compromised patients. Progress in understanding its pathogenicity and epidemiology has been hampered by the lack of a long-term in vitro culture method. Obligate parasitism of this pathogen has been suggested on the basis of various features but remains controversial. We analysed ...
Gao Juan - - 2010
The interaction of sulfonamide antimicrobial agents with smectite clay minerals and humic acid (HA)-clay complexes was investigated in batch experiments to assess the influence of adsorbed humic acid on sulfonamide sorption. Soil HA-clay complexes were produced at HA:clay ratios of 1:5, 1:50, and 1:100 (w/w). Vibrational and electronic spectroscopy indicated ...
Arakaki Takemitsu - - 2010
We investigated the contribution of fulvic acid to the photoformation of Fe(II) using aqueous Suwannee River fulvic acid (SRFA) as a surrogate for the humic-like substances (HULIS) found in atmospheric condensed phases. The effects of pH (3.2, 4.1, and 5.0) and wavelength (313, 334, 366, and 405nm) on Fe(II) photoformation ...
Rani Radha - - 2010
Adsorption of phorate, an organophosphorus pesticide, on a vertisol soil was studied. The resulting data were well described by Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms. Adsorption was fast and the equilibrium was established within 8 h, which is comparatively less than reported previously. The mechanism of interaction between phorate and clay ...
Lu Longfei - - 2010
The adsorption of stearic acid on both sodium montmorillonites and calcium montmorillonites has been studied by near infrared spectroscopy complimented with infrared spectroscopy. Upon adsorption of stearic acid on Ca-Mt additional near infrared bands are observed at 8236 cm(-1) and is assigned to an interaction of stearic acid with the ...
Gayathri P - - 2010
Decolorisation of dye solutions by cobalt activated persulphate and ultrasonication has been investigated. Rhodamine B, Methylene Blue dye (basic dyes) and Acid orange II, Acid scarlet red 3R (acid dyes) were used as model compounds in this study. Immobilized cobalt ions, activated the persulphate to form highly reactive sulphate radicals. ...
Hattori Toshiaki - - 2010
Five chitosan oligosaccharides were separated in acidic aqueous solution by capillary electrophoresis (CE) with indirect photometric detection using a positively coated capillary. Electrophoretic mobility of the chitooligosaccharides (COSs) depended on the number of monomer units in acidic aqueous solution, similar to other polyelectrolyte oligomers. The separation was developed in nitric ...
Park In - - 2009
We herein describe a soft-chemical route to exfoliation of layered semiconductive titanoniobate (KTiNbO5) into individual oxide nanosheets. The protonic layered titanoniobate (HTiNbO5), derived from KTiNbO5, is reacted with zwitterionic aminoundecanoic acid (H2N(CH2)10COOH; AUA) to replace the interlayer H+ ions with AUA molecules in an acidic aqueous solution (pH approximately 3). ...
Zhou Zunlong - - 2010
Desorption of pyrene and phenanthrene, from two charcoals and humic acid preloaded charcoals were studied. Desorption occurred obviously in two fractions, with rapid and slow desorption rate constant ranging from 0.18 to 0.71 d(-1), and from 6.3 x 10(-5) to 7.4 x 10(-3) d(-1), respectively. Both the kinetics and percentage ...
Bize C?cile - - 2010
An amino-calix[6]arene was combined with sugar-based surfactants, using an acid-base reaction, to obtain an original catanionic association. Physicochemical studies showed the spontaneous formation of stable vesicles in aqueous solution.
Breslow Ronald - - 2010
We show how the amino acids needed on prebiotic earth in their homochiral L form can be produced by a reaction of L-alpha-methyl amino acids-that have been identified in the Murchison meteorite-with alpha-keto acids under credible prebiotic conditions. When they are simply heated together they perform a process of decarboxylative ...
Adamczyk Katrin - - 2009
Despite the widespread importance of aqueous bicarbonate chemistry, its conjugate acid, carbonic acid, has remained uncharacterized in solution. Here we report the generation of deuterated carbonic acid in deuterium oxide solution by ultrafast protonation of bicarbonate and its persistence for nanoseconds. We follow the reaction dynamics upon photoexcitation of a ...
Park Jin-Ho - - 2009
Hydrogen bonding-induced redispersion of the aggregated Au nanoparticles upon N-hydroxysuccinimide ester bioconjugations may provide a simple and colorimetric tool as an optical sensor to detect a trace amount of amino acids as low as approximately 10(-6) M in an aqueous solution.
Fomba Khanneh Wadinga - - 2009
A new NMR option for monitoring the mobility of organic contaminants in SOM in the solid state has been successfully applied for the first time. This recently available noninvasive technique, magic angle spinning pulsed-field gradient (MAS PFG) NMR, combines both NMR spectroscopy and diffusometry to selectively monitor the diffusion of ...
Choquenet Benjamin - - 2009
As soon as the weather turns sunny, everyone wants a tan. People with skin phototypes III and IV, called melanocompetent, have no problem meeting this fashion requirement. But things are quite different for people with phototypes I and II and so these individuals look for alternative solutions. In essence, light ...
Farré Ricard R Center for Gastroenterological Research, Catholic University Leuven, - - 2010
Oesophageal mucosa dilated intercellular spaces (DIS) may be important for symptom perception in non-erosive reflux disease (NERD). Patients with NERD might have DIS even in the proximal oesophagus. We aimed to assess the effect of oesophageal perfusions with acid and weakly acidic solutions on 'exposed' and 'non-exposed' oesophageal mucosa and ...
Hanay Ozge - - 2009
In this study, the effect of pH and washing solution on the removal of lead from sewage sludge by electrokinetics was investigated. The six experimental runs were carried out at two different pH values--3 and 4--using acetic acid, nitric acid and phosphoric acid. In addition, the sequential chemical extraction scheme ...
Ter Laak Thomas L - - 2009
In this study, the uptake of pyrene and benzo[b]fluoranthene by an aquatic worm (Lumbriculus variegatus) and a poly(dimethylsiloxane) coated glass fiber was studied at different humic acid concentrations. The accumulation of pyrene was not affected by the presence of the humic matrix. However, the accumulation rate of benzo[b]fluoranthene increased a ...
Gao Jingfeng - - 2010
Batch biosorption experiments were carried out for the removal of Acid Yellow 17 from aqueous solution using non-living aerobic granular sludge as an effective biosorbent. The effects of solution pH value, biosorbent dosage, initial Acid Yellow 17 concentration, NaCl concentration and temperature on the biosorption were investigated. The experimental results ...
Pintado Cristina M B S - - 2009
Whey protein isolate and glycerol were mixed to form a matrix to incorporate antimicrobial agents and produce edible films with antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from cheeses. Various organic acids were used to decrease pH down to approximately 3. In a preliminary assay without nisin, the effect of ...
Matsuoka Tsuneyoshi - - 2009
This article investigates solution additives that prevent misfolding of lysozyme from heating treatment and during refolding processes. Comparison of heat treatment of native lysozyme and oxidative refolding from the reduced and denatured state of lysozyme in the presence of 44 different additives revealed an indispensable chemical structure for the additives ...
Sakamoto Junko - - 2009
When a solution containing xylose and L-lysine is heated under weakly acidic conditions, it turns brown by the Maillard reaction. We isolated here two novel yellow compounds from a heated solution containing xylose and lysine, and identified pyrrolyl-methylidene-pyrrolone derivatives named dilysyldipyrrolones A and B. Their chemical structures were elucidated by ...
Gao Ling - - 2009
A new series of carbamothioic acid-containing periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) materials has been synthesized by a direct cocondensation method, in which an organosilica precursor N,S-bis[3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl]carbamothioic acid (MI) is treated with tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS), and the nonionic surfactant Pluronic 123 (P123) is used as a template under acidic conditions in the ...
Yu Chunyan - - 2009
To elucidate the existence of phthalocyanine-like (Pc-like) substances in humic acids (HA) and their roles in photochemical transformation of organic pollutants, Pc-imprinted polymers (MIP) were synthesized successfully and employed to separate Pc-like substances from HA. The fraction bound by MIP (F(mip-b)) presented better photochemical activity for degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid ...
Lippold Holger - - 2009
Migration of contaminants with low affinity for the aqueous phase is essentially governed by interaction with mobile carriers such as humic colloids. Their impact is, however, not sufficiently described by interaction constants alone since the humic carriers themselves are subject to a solid-liquid distribution that depends on geochemical parameters. In ...
Li Huan - - 2009
A new method was introduced to reduce waste activated sludge and extract humic acid for liquid fertilizer. Sludge was disintegrated with NaOH (0.4 g/g dry solid, 8 h) and then centrifuged to obtain the supernatant. The residual sludge was then dewatered, while the supernatant was used to extract humic acid ...
Vidali Roza - - 2009
Humic substances are the most abundant components of the colloidal and the dissolved fraction of natural organic matter (NOM) and they are characterized by a strong binding capacity for both metals and organic pollutants, affecting their mobility and bioavailability. The understanding of the humic acidic character is the first necessary ...
Angamuthu Raja - - 2009
The hexanuclear metallacrown [Ni6L12] (L is mu-S-CH2-CH2-S-C6H4-Cl) has been demonstrated to functionally resemble the [NiFe] hydrogenases. Protonation of the [Ni6L12] cluster was studied employing 1H NMR spectroscopy by the sequential additions of dichloroacetic acid or p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate into solutions of [Ni6L12] in CD2Cl2 and DMF-d7, respectively; protonation takes place ...
Doulia Danae - - 2009
The adsorption of humic acid on bentonite from Milos Island (Greece) acid-treated with dilute H(2)SO(4) solutions over a concentration range between 0.25 and 13M has been studied. Bentonite activated with 3M sulfuric acid (AAS) showed a higher efficiency in removing humic acid from aqueous solutions and was selected for further ...
Bohrer Denise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Silicate (Si) and aluminum (Al) may be concomitant impurities in solutions for parenteral nutrition (PN). Silicate can bind to Al to form stable hydroxyaluminosilicates (HAS), thus reducing Al availability. This possibility is investigated by heating solutions containing constituents of PN in glass containers to promote the release of Si ...
Nunes Rui M D - - 2009
The ability to change the acidity of an aqueous solution within the time of a short laser pulse and use the resulting low pH to drive acid-catalyzed reactions in the irradiated volume opens news perspectives for the spatial and temporal control of a variety of processes. Persistent and reversible acidification ...
Shivayogimath C B - - 2009
Biodiesel is gaining importance as an alternate source of attractive fuel because of depleting fossil fuel resources. It is produced by trans-esterification, in which oil or fat reacts with a monohydric alcohol in presence of a catalyst. In the present work, trans-esterification of sunflower oil with methanol is carried out ...
Wang Linda - - 2009
Production of acids such as lactic acid contributes to establish a cariogenic environment that leads to dental substrate demineralization. Fluoride plays an important role in this case and, as fluoride-releasing materials, glass-ionomer cements are expected to contribute to minimize deleterious reactions. This study evaluated interactions of glass-ionomer cements used in ...
Jahadi Hosseini Hamid R - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether topical tranexamic acid can provide acceptable therapeutic concentration in the aqueous humor. METHODS: A total of 47 patients with cataract as the sole eye disease who have been scheduled for cataract operation received one drop of tranexamic acid 5% solution at various time intervals prior to ...
Lesa Barbara - - 2009
A series of ultrasonic assisted acid washing and thermal desorption tests were performed on sludge and other solid matrices with the aim to assay these removal technologies and to determine if the application of low frequency ultrasound was effective to enhance mercury removal. Unpolluted dredging sludge, 820 K calcinated dredging ...
Wei Xing-Yuan - - 2009
Biodegradation of dissolved fluorene (Flu), phenanthrene (Ph) and pyrene (Py), three polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), singly or as a mixture of the three, by two bacterial strains, MEBIC 5140 (Mycobacterium flavescens) and MEBIC 5141 (Mycobacterium scrofulaceum), as well as the effects of low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs), e.g. malic ...
Ghosh Pranab Kumar - - 2009
Fresh activated carbon (AC) and waste activated carbon (WAC) were pretreated by heating with mineral acids (sulfuric acid and nitric acid) at high temperature to prepare several grades of adsorbents to evaluate their performance on Cr(VI) removal from aqueous phase. Effects of temperature, agitation speed and pH were tested, and ...
Huang Wei - - 2009
A streak camera is used to measure the shape of sonoluminescence pulses from a cavitation bubble levitated stably in a sulfuric acid solution. The shape and response to an acoustic pressure field of the sonoluminescence pulse in 85% by weight sulfuric acid are qualitatively similar to those in water. However, ...
Martel An - - 2009
A 5-year-old lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis) was presented with scaly crusts around both external ear openings and exudate present around the left ear. The bird had been treated with ivermectin and enrofloxacin without success. A pure culture of Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii was isolated from both ears. After susceptibility testing, a treatment of ...
Wang Chao-Nan - - 2010
Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+) nano-powders were synthesized by homogeneous precipitation and the influence of solution acidity was investigated. IR and TG-DTA analysis showed that in different acidic solutions different kinds of sediments were generated. TEM images revealed distinct morphologies of obtained powders. The resultant powders were sintered into ceramics in vacuum and then ...
Atalay Yasemin B - - 2009
The intrinsic proton binding constants of 10 model humic acid and six model fulvic acid molecules are calculated using SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry (SPARC). The accuracy of the SPARC calculations is examined using estimated microscopic binding constants of various small organic acids. An equimolar mixture of the appropriate ...
Gupta Sharad - - 2009
The synthesis of the first functionalized bis-amino acid monomer proAc(2S3S4R) 1 that carries an acetyl side chain is presented. This monomer was incorporated into oligomer 3 and the solution phase structure was determined by using two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance. The solution structure confirmed the intended connectivity and stereochemistry of the ...
Som M-P - - 2009
The organic matter (OM) of a green waste and bio waste compost was characterised over 8months and the observed evolution was correlated with physico-chemical parameters (temperature, pH, carbon content, C/N ratio). Thermochemolysis and thermodesorption were used to monitor bacterial activity (stability) whereas diffuse reflectance infrared fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and ...
Opiso Einstine - - 2009
Pollution caused by boric acid and toxic anions such as As(V), Cr(VI) and Se(VI) is hazardous to human health and environment. The sorption characteristics of these environmentally significant ionic species on allophane-like nanoparticles were investigated in order to determine whether allophane can reduce their mobility in the subsurface environment at ...
Han Young-Soo - - 2009
A detailed characterization was performed on the humic substances present in landfill leachate derived from the older (10-year) and younger (6-month) municipal landfill cells at a site in Inchion, Korea. The characterization focused on the humic and fulvic acid components of the leachate, relying on information gleaned from the UV/visible ...
Neta E R D - - 2009
Protonated organic acid species have been shown to be the primary stimuli responsible for sour taste of organic acids. However, we have observed that sour taste may be modulated when the pH of acid solutions is raised using sodium hydroxide. Objectives were to evaluate the effect of pH adjustment on ...
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