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Results 501 - 550 of 1839
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Sun Huiyu - - 2010
The sorption properties of tetracycline were compared between a coal humic acid (CHA) and a soil humic acid (SHA) under various solution chemistry conditions. Structural characteristics of the two humic acids were quantified in detail by elemental analysis, solid-state (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), acid-base titration, and Zeta potential measurement. ...
Lee Eun Hee - - 2010
The physical stability of metastable form I of flufenamic acid (FFA) increased by using mefenamic acid (MFA) as an inclusion compound. We studied the extent of this effect and explained the mechanism by investigating the effect of the presence of MFA on nucleation and crystal growth of the mixed crystals ...
Kharlamova Anastasia - - 2010
The exposure of electrospray droplets to acid vapors can significantly affect protein charge state distributions (CSDs) derived from unbuffered solutions. Such experiments have been conducted by leaking acidic vapors into the counter-current nitrogen drying gas of an electrospray interface. On the basis of changes in protein CSDs, protein folding and ...
Yamashita Kyoko - - 2010
The irreversible removal of acetaldehyde from indoor air via a chemical reaction with amino acids was investigated. To compare effectiveness, five types of amino acid (glycine, l-lysine, l-methionine, l-cysteine, and l-cystine) were used as the reactants. First, acetaldehyde-laden air was introduced into aqueous solutions of each amino acid and the ...
Wang G S - - 2011
Aqueous dilute acid pretreatments of corncob were conducted using cylindrical pressure vessels in an oil bath. Pretreatments were conducted in a temperature range of 160-190 °C with acid-solution-to-solid-corncob ratio of 2. The acid concentration (v/v) in the pretreatment solution was varied from 0% to 0.7%, depending on temperature. This gives acid ...
Aher Suyog - - 2010
Ultrasound assisted solution cocrystallization (USSC) has been studied using a non-congruently soluble pair of caffeine and maleic acid in methanol. USSC was compared with solvent cooling and slurry sonication using different molar ratios of caffeine:maleic acid (1:0.5, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and 1:3.5) in solution/slurry. Products were characterized by PXRD and ...
MichaƂowski Tadeusz - - 2010
The paper provides a new formulation and analytical proposals based on the isohydric solutions concept. It is particularly stated that a mixture formed, according to titrimetric mode, from a weak acid (HX, C(0)mol/L) and a strong acid (HB, Cmol/L) solutions, assumes constant pH, independently on the volumes of the solutions ...
Rissanen Antti Juhani - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether sample preservation can affect the yield of nucleic acid extracts from environmental samples. Storage of microbial samples was studied using three sediment types of varying carbon contents (10-57% carbon of dry weight). Four different storage solutions were tested at three temperatures. ...
Iglesias Ana - - 2010
Adsorption of cationic pesticides in soils is generally attributed to mineral clays and organic matter components. However, iron oxides may also contribute to such adsorption or affect it by associating with other components. Using goethite and humic acid as models for iron oxides and organic matter respectively, we studied the ...
Maurer Felix - - 2010
Previous studies on proton and metal binding to humic substances have not considered a potential influence of reduction and oxidation of functional groups. Therefore, we investigated how proton binding of a purified soil humic acid was affected by reduction. Reduction of the humic acid was carried out using an electrochemical ...
Swapna H C - - 2010
Lipid extracts from meat, head and viscera of Indian fresh water fishes, viz., catla, rohu, mrigal, common carp and tilapia were analyzed for lipid class distribution and fatty acid profile. The yield of meat ranged from 66.0-79.5% and total lipid content in meat was 0.8-3.8%. The total lipid content was ...
Rajkumar V - - 2010
Chettinad style goat meat curry, a heritage meat product, was thermal processed in retort pouches having 4 layer configurations. Physical properties of retort pouches indicated that they are suitable for processing. Pouches filled with 150 g of goat meat and 100 g of curry medium were retorted to a F ...
Vetvicka Vaclav - - 2010
Humic acids are compounds resulting from decomposition of organic matter. Despite their common presence, our knowledge of their biological effects is limited, and current findings are controversial. We decided to evaluate the immunological effects of two different types of humic acids, differing in source and biochemical characteristics. Using both components ...
Xu Jianqing - - 2010
Self-consistent iterative multistate empirical valence bond (SCI-MS-EVB) simulations for four different concentrated hydrochloric acid (HCl) concentrations (0.43, 0.85, 1.68, and 3.26 M) were conducted to study the structure and dynamic properties of the aqueous multiple excess proton systems. The present, more extensive simulations, confirm that the hydrated excess protons have ...
Xiong Xiong - - 2010
Wood sawdust and maize straw were selected to co-compost sewage sludge to investigate the effects of organic bulking agents on the formation and molecular transformation of humic substances. The results showed that composting process increased humic acids (HA) while decreased fulvic acids (FA), and the wood sawdust and maize straw ...
Juillard Audrey - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate molecular interactions between a bisphosphonate (BP), zoledronic acid, and bone tissue by the use of Raman microspectroscopy. In this way, samples of hydroxyapatite (HA), as a bone model, and Wistar rat femurs were soaking in zoledronic acid solutions. Sample surfaces were studied ...
Yuan Yali - - 2010
In the present study, a new electrochemical probe-label-free aptasensor for thrombin (TB) based on the amplification of gold-platinum alloy nanoparticles (Au-PtNPs) and stearic acid was reported. Nafion@multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated electrode was firstly modified with electrochemical probe of methylene blue (MB). Then, Au-PtNPs were electrodeposited onto the electrode surface ...
D'Anna Francesca - - 2010
The need to have a measure of the strength of some substituted benzoic acids in ionic liquid solution led us to use the protonation equilibrium of sodium p-nitrophenolate as a probe reaction, which was studied by means of spectrophotometric titration at 298 K. In order to evaluate the importance of ...
Suarez Sophia N - - 2010
An extensive investigation of the transport properties of aqueous acid solutions was undertaken. The acids studied were trifluoromethanesulfonic (CF(3)SO(3)H), bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [(CF(3)SO(2))(2)NH], and para-toluenesulfonic (CH(3)C(6)H(4)SO(3)H), of which the first two are considered superacids. NMR measurements of self-diffusion coefficients (D), spin-lattice relaxation times (T(1)), and chemical shifts, in addition to ionic conductivity ...
Longstaffe James G - - 2010
Interactions between dissolved peat humic acid and two structurally dissimilar organofluorine compounds, perfluoro-2-naphthol and perfluoro-octanoic acid, are probed using a novel (1)H{(19)F} Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy technique based on the Saturation Transfer Difference (STD) experiment. This technique is used here to show selectively only those regions of the (1)H ...
Veeken Pascal L R van der - - 2010
Gel layer based sensors are increasingly employed for dynamic trace metal speciation analysis in aquatic and soil media, in which humic and fulvic acid species are generally known to be relevant. In DGT (diffusive gradient in thin film), polyacrylamide hydrogels are commonly used for the diffusive gel layer. Various effects ...
Wang Lili - - 2010
In the present work, a green and sustainable route for preparation of hydrochars from sulfuric acid hydrolysis solution of rice husk under low temperature and atmospheric pressure was described. This route was achieved with the catalysis of sulfuric acid. The sphere-like carbon materials with regular size of about 500 nm ...
Liu Jian - - 2010
Microwave-assisted pretreatment of recalcitrant softwood in aqueous glycerol containing a series of organic and inorganic acids with different pK(a) values was examined. The pulp obtained by organosolvolysis with 0.1% hydrochloric acid (pK(a) -6) at 180 degrees C for 6 min gave the highest sugar yield, 53.1%, based on the weight ...
Schouten K J P - - 2010
The adsorption kinetics of hydrogen and hydroxyl on Pt(111) and stepped Pt[n(111) × (110)] electrodes with n = 29, 9, and 4 in acidic and alkaline electrolytes have been studied using impedance spectroscopy. We found a potential dependent charge transfer resistance, R(ct), (∼30 Ω cm(2) to ∼1 kΩ cm(2)) for ...
Neves Juliana Dos Santos Jdos - - 2011
This study was designed to verify the influence of three demineralizing agents on EGF and EGFR immunostaining as well as on tissue morphology. We chose submandibular glands that are a source of EGF and its receptor and which could be analyzed using a control in which the decalcification step was ...
Eyjolfsson R - - 2010
The anomalous acidic properties of the coarse grades of anhydrous calcium hydrogen phosphate are commented and a tentative elucidation of this is proposed.
Thorn Kevin A - - 2010
The time course photodegradation of the Nordic aquatic fulvic and humic acids and Suwannee River XAD-4 acids subjected to UV irradiation with an unfiltered medium pressure mercury lamp was studied by liquid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance. Photodecarboxylation was a significant pathway in all cases. Decreases in ketone, aromatic, and O-alkyl ...
Jones Christopher J - - 2010
Although heparin is an important and widely prescribed pharmaceutical anticoagulant, its high degree of sequence microheterogeneity and size polydispersity make molecular-level characterization challenging. Unlike nucleic acids and proteins that are biosynthesized through template-driven assembly processes, heparin and the related glycosaminoglycan heparan sulfate are actively remodeled during biosynthesis through a series ...
Horikawa Yuka - - 2010
Pronounced polarization dependence of the X-ray emission spectrum, which reflects the symmetry of the initial valence molecular orbital, was observed for acetic acid in acetonitrile solution under ambient conditions.
Ali Maroof - - 2010
Fluorescence emission of the cationic form of fluorescein is observed from dilute aqueous acidic solutions in the presence of ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate which is otherwise observed only from aqueous solutions of very high acidity.
Debela F - - 2010
The long-term stability of pyromorphite [Pb(5)(PO(4))(3)Cl] (PY) in root-soil interface (or rhizosphere) where production of organic acids from biological activities takes place is not fully understood. We conducted a 1-year long laboratory batch dissolution experiment to elucidate the release of Pb (and P) from PY by four commonly occurring low ...
Kilislioglu Ayben - - 2010
In this work adsorption of uranium on natural, heat and acid treated sepiolite was studied. For acid treatment HCl and H(2)SO(4) were used separately. Heat and acid treatment caused some changes in sepiolite such as surface area, micropore volume (cm(3)/g) and average pore diameter (A). Different amounts of Mg ions ...
Novales Bruno - - 2010
We report on dispersions of fatty acid-lysine salts in aqueous solutions which are further used to produce foams. The alkyl chain length is varied from dodecyl to stearic. In aqueous solutions, the lysine salt of the dodecyl chain yields an isotropic solution, probably micelles, whereas for longer alkyl chains, vesicles ...
Gut Ivo Glynne - - 2010
Benzo[b]cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1-one (4) and benzo[b]cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one (5), the two most stable keto tautomers of 1-naphthol (1), were generated in aqueous solution by Norrish Type II fission of 4- and 2-phenacyl-1-tetralone, respectively, and the pH-rate profiles of their enolization were measured by flash photolysis. Several isotopic exchange rates of 1 were measured in ...
Vergnoux A - - 2011
The humic substances are an abundant and important part of soil organic matter which plays many roles in ecosystems. On the other hand, forest fires are known to have a potential impact on the soil organic matter. Consequently, we chose to study the impact of forest fires on humic substances ...
Brillas Enric - - 2010
The degradation of diclofenac, a common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, in aqueous medium has been studied by anodic oxidation (AO) using an undivided cell with a Pt or boron-doped diamond (BDD) anode. Operating without pH regulation, AO with Pt acidifies the solution with precipitation of its protonated form, whereas using BDD, ...
Yasaka Yoshiro - - 2010
The equilibrium for the reversible decomposition of formic acid into carbon dioxide and hydrogen is studied in the ionic liquid (IL) 1,3-dipropyl-2-methylimidazolium formate. The equilibrium is strongly favored to the formic acid side because of the strong solvation of formic acid in the IL through the strong Coulombic solute-solvent interactions. ...
Breslow Ronald - - 2010
Previous work by us, and others, has shown that the formation of amino acids on prebiotic earth with the geometric arrangement called the L configuration can be understood. Some meteorites of the carbonaceous chondritic type deliver unusual amino acids, with alpha-methyl groups, which have an excess of the L isomers. ...
Zoppi A - - 2010
One degradation phenomenon that occurs in artworks is the formation of metal oxalates on their surfaces. In order to gain insight into the inclination of pigments to produce oxalates, nine pigments including Na, Ca, Fe, Pb and Cu cations were selected to react with oxalic acid solutions at different concentrations ...
Kretlow James D JD Department of Bioengineering, Rice University, PO Box 1892, MS 142, Houston, Texas 77251-1892, - - 2010
Stimulus responsive materials hold great promise in biological applications as they can react to changes in physiological stimuli to produce a desired effect. Stimulus responsive macromers designed to respond to temperature changes at or around 37 degrees C and the presence of divalent cations were synthesized from N-isopropylacrylamide, pentaerythritol diacrylate ...
Johari G P - - 2010
Equimolar mixtures of acetaminophen-aspirin, acetaminophen-quinidine, and benzoic acid-progesterone have been vitrified and dielectric properties of their glassy and ultraviscous alloys have been studied. For 20 K/min heating rate, their T(g)s are 266, 330, and 263 K, respectively. The relaxation has an asymmetric distribution of times, and the distribution parameter increases ...
Tanaka Hisashi - - 2010
The photosonolysis of oxalic acid was carried out in an Ar atmosphere. The detectable products of sonolysis were CO(2), CO, H(2), and H(2)O(2). The yield of CO(2) was higher than that for the sum of sonolysis and photolysis reactions. Namely, a synergistic effect was observed during simultaneous irradiations of 200 ...
Rajeshkannan R - - 2010
In the present study, the parameters, temperature, adsorbent dose, contact time, adsorbent size and agitation speed were optimized for Acid Blue 9 removal from aqueous medium by using response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum conditions for maximum removal of Acid Blue 9 from an aqueous solution of 100 mg/l were ...
Jeyabharathi Chinnaiah - - 2010
Gradual, yet a great leap: Electrosynthesized surfactant-stabilized gold atomic clusters (AuACs; Au(n) , 5≤n≤13) electrocatalyze the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acid solution at low overpotentials. Depending on the surfactant concentration, the ORR mechanism gradually transits from a direct four-electron to a two-electron pathway (see picture; SHE=standard hydrogen electrode), which ...
Wongwilai Wasin - - 2010
A modification of a webcam camera for use as a small and low cost detector was demonstrated with a simple lab-on-chip reactor. Real time continuous monitoring of the reaction zone could be done. Acid-base neutralization with phenolphthalein indicator was used as a model reaction. The fading of pink color of ...
Kosmulski Marek - - 2010
The presence of titania powder (chiefly anatase) enhanced electrolytic dissociation of oxalic acid in lower aliphatic alcohols (but not in water). The surface-induced dissociation was manifested in enhanced electric conductance of a dispersion containing solvent, oxalic acid, and titania, which was substantially higher than the conductance of dispersion containing only ...
Cardoso C - - 2010
Two ready-to-eat minced fish products from hake were developed, their proximate composition and fatty acid profiles determined and their quality changes followed during 3.5 months under refrigeration at 2 ± 1 (°)C and 10 ± 1 °C. These products contain dietary fiber and are innovative and healthy. The formulation was ...
Moazeni Mohammad - - 2010
The most confident way for treatment of hydatid cyst is surgical operation. Spillage of the cyst contents during the operation is the major cause of recurrence after hydatid cyst surgery. Instillation of scolicidal agent into hydatid cyst is the most commonly employed measure to prevent this complication. In the present ...
Zimmermann Tomás - - 2010
This work is focused on the computational studies of reactions of hydrated forms of cisplatin with sulphur-containing amino acids cysteine and methionine. First, the appropriate model for solvation of the examined complexes was searched for. The suggested procedure employs the B3LYP density functional, 6-311++G(2df,2pd) basis set with Stuttgart-Dresden pseudopotentials on ...
Xiaoli Chai - - 2010
An equilibrium dialysis combined with a (14)C-labeling method was used to study the abiotic association of phthalic acid esters (PAEs) with dissolved humic substances (HS) and its influence on the fate of PAEs in landfill leachate. Elemental analysis and FTIR spectral analysis were carried out on the humic acid (HA) ...
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