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Strillacci M G MG Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety (VESPA), University of Milan, Via Celoria 10, 20133, Milan, - - 2014
A selective DNA pooling approach was applied to identify QTL for conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), vaccenic acid (VA) and Δ(9) -desaturase (D9D) milk content in Italian Brown Swiss dairy cattle. Milk samples from 60 animals with higher values (after correction for environmental factors) and 60 animals with lower values for ...
Ponnampalam Eric N EN Agriculture Research, Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Melbourne, VIC, 3001, Australia, - - 2014
Lipid oxidation of M. longissimus lumborum in fresh or vacuum packaged (aged) lamb meat stored at 3 °C for 0 or 4 weeks, respectively and displayed under refrigerated conditions for a further 4 days was assessed by measuring the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) in meat using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances procedure. The ...
Shinn Sara - - 2014
Reports from chicken conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) feeding trials are limited to yolk total fatty acid composition, which consistently described increased saturated fatty acids and decreased monounsaturated fatty acids. However, information on CLA triacylglycerol (TAG) and phospholipid (PL) species is unavailable. This study determined fatty acid (FA) composition of total ...
Islam M A MA Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341, Bangladesh - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to get a total physical and chemical characterization and comparison of the principal components in Bangladeshi buffalo (B), Holstein cross (HX), Indigenous cattle (IC) and Red Chittagong Cattle (RCC) milk. Protein and casein (CN) composition and type, casein micellar size (CMS), naturally occurring ...
da Rosa Priscila Dallé PD Programa de Pós-graduação em Microbiologia Agrícola e do Meio Ambiente (PPGMAA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, - - 2014
Lipid homeostasis is well-known in oleaginous yeasts, but there are few non-oleaginous yeast models apart from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We are proposing the non-oleaginous yeast Candida zeylanoides QU 33 as model. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the carbon/nitrogen ratio and the type of nitrogen source ...
Rohwedder Arndt - - 2014
It is unclear how changes in lipid droplet size and number are regulated, whether this involves a signalling pathway, or is directed by cellular lipid uptake. Here we show that oleic acid stimulates lipid droplet formation through activating the long chain fatty acid receptor FFAR4 coupled through a pertussis toxin ...
Hibino Masahiro - - 2014
The molecular arrangements of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of cholesterol, cholesteryl laurate, and cholesteryl stearate adsorbed on a graphite surface were studied using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) at the liquid-solid interface. The STM images of the SAMs showed two-dimensional periodic arrays of bright regions that corresponded to the sterol rings. However, ...
Liu Xiao X School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, 24 Tongjiaxiang, Nanjing 210009, PR China; Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai 201203, PR - - 2014
Activated by NBS, readily available 1,2-trans-1-dihydroxyboryl benzyl S-glycosides served as glycosyl donors and reacted with certain simple alcohol acceptors to produce pure 1,2-cis-O-glycosides in moderate yields. The boronic acid moiety was revealed essential in the glycosylation for product formation and good anomeric ratio. The preliminary model reactions suggested that glycosyl ...
Stevenson Julian - - 2014
Squalene monooxygenase (SM) catalyses the first oxygenation step in cholesterol synthesis, immediately before the formation of the steroid backbone at lanosterol. SM is an important control point in the pathway, and is regulated at the post-translational level by accelerated cholesterol-dependent ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, which is associated with the accumulation ...
Xiong Lian L a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , P.R. - - 2014
In this work, corncob acid hydrolysate and its simulated medium whose sugar composition was the same as the corncob acid hydrolysate were used as fermentation substrate for lipid production by oleaginous yeast Trichosporon dermatis. On the corncob acid hydrolysate, after seven days' fermentation, the biomass, lipid content, lipid yield and ...
Stabili L L Institute for Marine Coastal Environment (IAMC), C.N.R., via Roma 3, 74123 Taranto, Italy; Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies, University of Salento, Centro Ecotekne Pal. B, S.P. 6 Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, with the advent of modern technologies, various marine organisms including algae are being studied as sources of natural substances effective on classical microorganisms and able to also combat the new trend of acquired resistance in microbes. In the present study the antimicrobial activity of the lipidic extract of the ...
Kaffarnik Stefanie S University of Hohenheim, Institute of Food Chemistry, Department of Food Chemistry, Garbenstr. 28, Stuttgart D-70599, - - 2014
4-Methyloctanoic acid, 4-ethyloctanoic acid and 4-methylnonanoic acid are key-flavor compounds of sheep and goat. Yet, the low amounts of these volatile branched-chain fatty acids (vBCFAs) in the fat of the ruminants hampered their determination on a routine basis. In this work we developed a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry selected ion monitoring ...
Stergiadis S S Nafferton Ecological Farming Group, School of Agriculture Food and Rural Development, Newcastle University, Nafferton Farm, Stocksfield, Northumberland NE43 7XD, - - 2014
Many studies show concentrations of nutritionally desirable fatty acids in bovine milk are lower when cows have no access to grazing, leading to seasonal fluctuations in milk quality if cows are housed for part of the year. This study investigated the potential to improve the fatty acid profiles of bovine ...
Nishi S K SK Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Clinical Nutrition & Risk Factor Modification Center, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Nut consumption has been associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes which has been largely attributed to their healthy fatty acid profile, yet this has not been ascertained. Therefore, we investigated the effect of nut consumption on serum fatty acid concentrations and how these ...
Rattanapoltee Panida P Graduate School, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to optimize the lipid accumulation in microalgae by using two agricultural residues of pineapple peels and sugarcane bagasse as low-cost organic carbon sources. Green microalgae Scenedesmus acutus was isolated and selected for cultivation. Effects of three initial sugar concentrations and the stage for adding ...
Kelly M J MJ Center for Animal Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue associated with meat is an important factor for the beef industry because of its implications for human health, processing, meat quality, and palatability. Individual fatty acid composition is a trait under genetic control, so improvement via selective breeding of cattle is possible. The objective ...
Sasazaki Shinji - - 2014
Fatty acid composition of beef adipose tissue is one of its important traits because a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acid is related to favorable beef flavor and tenderness. In this study, we searched polymorphisms in full length coding DNA sequence of urotensin 2 recepter and investigated the effects on ...
Kozai Yuki Y a Laboratory of Nutrition Chemistry, Division of Food Science and Biotechnology , Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University , Kyoto , - - 2014
We recently obtained evidence that unsaturated long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) (e.g. oleic acid) inhibit binding of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDLs) to CD36. In the present study, we validated this prediction by examining inhibition by unsaturated LCFAs of Alexa-fluor-labeled oxLDL binding to multiwell plates onto which a synthetic CD36 peptide is ...
Salehi Mansoureh M Department of Horticultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture, P.O. Box 165, Urmia University, Urmia, - - 2014
To develop an in vitro regeneration system to increase the recovery of Carum copticum L. plantlets as a part of developing a metabolic engineering program. The efficacy of different concentrations and combinations of 6-benzyladenine, indole-3-acetic acid and indole butyric acid on direct shoot regeneration and rooting of ajowan from apical ...
Haniffa Mohammed Abdul Kader MA Centre for Aquaculture Research and Extension (CARE), St. Xavier's College, Palayamkottai 627 002, - - 2014
Murrel namely Channa striatus or haruan contains all essential elements to maintain good health and to recover the lost energy after prolonged illness. The fatty acid composition (% of total fatty acid) indicated the abundant presence of C16:0 fatty acid as 30% and the other major fatty acids were C22:6 ...
Ma Donglin D Department of Cell Biology, Municipal Laboratory for Liver Protection and Regulation of Regeneration, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, - - 2014
Abnormal lipid metabolism may contribute to the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) protein mediates the transport of cholesterol and phospholipids from cells to apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) to generate nascent HDL particles. Previous studies revealed that overexpression of ABCA1 or apoA-I alleviated hepatic lipid levels ...
Harlow Brittany E BE University of Kentucky, Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2014
The goals were to determine if β-acid from hops (Humulus lupulus L.) could be used to control fructan fermentation by equine hindgut microorganisms, and to verify the antimicrobial mode of action on Streptococcus bovis, which has been implicated in fructan fermentation, hindgut acidosis, and pasture associated laminitis (PAL) in the ...
Custer Jenny E JE Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0006, - - 2014
The oral cariogenic bacterial pathogen Streptococcus mutans strain UA159 has become an important research organism strain since its genome was sequenced. However, there is a paucity of information on its lipidome using direct analytical biochemical approaches. We here report on comprehensive analyses of the major lipid classes and their fatty ...
Mahapatra Durga Madhab DM Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India; Centre for Sustainable Technologies (astra), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, - - 2014
Algae grown in outdoor reactors (volume: 10L and depth: 20cm) were fed directly with filtered and sterilised municipal wastewater. The nutrient removal efficiencies were 86%, 90%, 89%, 70% and 76% for TOC, TN, NH4-N, TP and OP, respectively, and lipid content varied from 18% to 28.5% of dry algal biomass. ...
Boulom Sayvisene S School of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, 34 St Paul Street, Auckland 1142, New - - 2014
Monthly changes of lipids, fatty acids, phytosterol and α-tocopherol in New Zealand brown macroalgae, Undaria pinnatifida, were investigated. U. pinnatifida lipid content ranged from 17 to 45mg/g in the blade and between 21 and 63mg/g in the sporophyll. It was a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with n-6 ...
Raphael W W College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing - - 2014
Peripheral blood mononuclear leukocytes from periparturient cows can have exacerbated inflammatory responses that contribute to disease incidence and severity. Oxylipids derived from the oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can regulate the magnitude and duration of inflammation. Although PUFA substrate for oxylipid biosynthesis in leukocytes is known to change across ...
Delgadillo-Puga Claudia C Nutrición Animal INCMNSZ, Vasco de Quiroga 15, 14000, Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico, - - 2014
Organic agriculture and livestock farming is claimed to promote animal welfare and can offer animal products with better hygienic-sanitary quality, based on principles of health, ecology, fairness, and care. However, no clear advantages of organic milk (OM) versus conventional milk (CM) from tropical conditions are available. The aims of the ...
Koizumi Kyoko K National Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research - - 2014
The fatty acid compositions of the total lipids of three edible deep-sea fishes, Diaphus watasei, Diaphus suborbitalis, and Benthosema pterotum, were compared with those of a highly migratory fish, Katsuwonus pelamis, to clarify their lipid characteristics and nutritional value as seafood. The mean lipid contents in the three myctophids were ...
Patel Alok A Molecular Microbiology Laboratory, Biotechnology Department, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IIT R), Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667, - - 2014
Hemp seeds aqueous extract (HSAE) was used as cheap renewable feedstocks to grow novel oleaginous yeast Rhodosporidium kratochvilovae HIMPA1 isolated from Himalayan permafrost soil. The yeast showed boosted triglyceride (TAG) accumulation in the lipid droplets (LDs) which were transesterified to biodiesel. The sonicated HSAE prepared lacked toxic inhibitors and showed ...
Maehre Hanne K HK Norwegian College of Fishery Science, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and Economics (BFE), UIT - The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037, Tromsø, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to examine protein and amino acid composition, lipid and fatty acid composition, along with a range of essential minerals in common Norwegian seaweed species representing the red (Palmaria palmata and Vertebrata lanosa), green (Cladophora rupestris, Enteromorpha intestinalis and Ulva lactuca) and brown (Alaria esculenta, ...
Alvarenga A L N AL 1 Laboratory of Structural Biology and Reproduction, Department of Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270-901, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate whether fatty acid (FA) profile, oxidative stability of lipids and other meat quality traits differed between high (HW: 1.8 to 2.2 kg) and low (LW: 0.8 to 1.2 kg) birth weight piglets. Forty new-born male pigs (n=20 HW, n=20 LW) were reared ...
Han Lin L School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nan Road, Jinan 250100, - - 2014
In this work, four microalgae including Chlorella sp. SDEC-10, Chlorella ellipsoidea SDEC-11, Scenedesmus bijuga SDEC-12 and Scenedesmus quadricauda SEDC-13 isolated from a local lake have been investigated for the properties of growth, nutrient removal and lipid accumulation in synthetic sewage. Their biomass ranged between 0.4 and 0.5g/L. The total phosphorus ...
Aghwan Z A ZA Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia ; Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, University of Mosul, Mosul, Iraq - - 2014
Fat and fatty acids in muscle and adipose tissues are among the major factors influencing meat quality particularly nutritional value and palatability. The present study was carried out to examine the effects of supplementing inorganic selenium (Se), iodine (I) and a combination of both on fatty acid compositions in serum, ...
Gobi K K School of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Engineering Campus, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, - - 2014
Aerobic dynamic feeding (ADF) strategy was applied in sequencing batch reactor (SBR) to accumulate polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) in aerobic granules. The aerobic granules were able to remove 90% of the COD from palm oil mill effluent (POME). The volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in the POME are the sole source of the ...
Cividini Angela A Department of Animal Science, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Groblje 3, SI-1230 Domžale, Slovenia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Thirty two autochthonous Jezersko-Solčava lambs were used to investigate the effect of production (pasture vs. stable) and weaning system (suckling vs. weaned) on fatty acid composition of Longissimus dorsi intramuscular fat in a 2 × 2 factorial design. Pasture lambs had lower intramuscular fat concentration (P<0.0001) more PUFA and trans ...
Ruan Zhenhua Z Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2014
A combined hydrolysis process, which first mixed dilute acid- and alkali-pretreated corn stover at a 1:1 (w/w) ratio, directly followed by enzymatic saccharification without pH adjustment, has been developed in this study in order to minimize the need of neutralization, detoxification, and washing during the process of lignocellulosic biofuel production. ...
Song Mingming M School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nan Road, Jinan 250100, - - 2014
In this study, the effects of gas liquid ratio (GLR) on growth, lipid and fatty acid production of Phaeodactylum tricornutum were investigated. The positive linear relationships among specific growth rate, lipid content, fatty acid methyl ester content and GLR were built. GLR of 1.5vvm was considered as the optimum GLR ...
Poli Jandora Severo JS Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Rua Sarmento Leite 500 sala 154, CEP 90050-170 Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Departamento de Microbiologia, ICB, C.P. 486, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, CEP 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of medium composition and culture conditions on lipid content, fatty acid profile and biomass production by the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica QU21. Lipid production by the yeast growing on glycerol/(NH4)2SO4 (10%/0.1%) reached 1.48g/L (30.1% according to total cell dry weight). When glycerol was replaced ...
Torok Valeria A VA a South Australian Research and Development Institute (SARDI), Soil Biology and Diagnostics, Plant Research Centre, Urrbrae, SA 5064, - - 2014
The rumen microbiota contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and has an impact on feed efficiency and ruminant product fatty acid composition. Dietary fat supplements have shown promise in reducing enteric methane production and in altering the fatty acid profiles of ruminant-derived products, yet in vivo studies on how these impact ...
Lopes L S LS Department of Animal Science, Universidade Federal de Lavras, MG, - - 2014
This study evaluated the effect of feed restriction and goat genotype on meat quality. Three genotypes (Brazilian native breed Canindé; Brazilian native breed Moxotó; and F1 Boer crossbred animals obtained by crossing Boer bucks with local breed does) and three different feeding regimens (ad libitum fed, AL; restricted fed at ...
Fernandes Carolina Estevam CE Department of Nutrition at the Federal University of Pernambuco - UFPE, Prof. Moraes Rego Avenue, 1235 - Cidade Universitária, CEP: 50670-901 Recife, PE, - - 2014
Centesimal composition and lipid profiles were evaluated in muscle tissue of four species of Brazilian fish using the Kjeldahl and Bligh & Dyer gravimetric methods and gas chromatography, respectively. The moisture, protein, total lipid, and ash values (g/100g) ranged from 71.13 to 78.39; 18.10 to 19.87; 1.05 to 9.03; and ...
Zhou Wen-Juan - - 2014
Stabilization of oil/oil Pickering emulsions using robust and recyclable catalytic amphiphilic silica nanoparticles bearing alkyl and propylsulfonic acid groups allows fast and efficient solvent-free acetalization of immiscible long-chain fatty aldehydes with ethylene glycol.
Karlsdottir Magnea G MG Matis ohf, Icelandic Food and Biotech R&D, Biotechnology and Biomolecules, Vinlandsleid 12, IS-113 Reykjavík, Iceland; University of Iceland, Department of Food Science, Vinlandsleid 12, IS-113 Reykjavík, Iceland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) was applied to estimate lipid composition and degradation of two lean fish species, saithe (Pollachius virens) and hoki (Macruronus novaezelandiae). Calibration models were developed, using partial least squares (PLS) regression, for total lipid content and composition, free fatty acids (FFA), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and ...
Chowdhury Rajiv - - 2014
Guidelines advocate changes in fatty acid consumption to promote cardiovascular health. To summarize evidence about associations between fatty acids and coronary disease. MEDLINE, Science Citation Index, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through July 2013. Prospective, observational studies and randomized, controlled trials. Investigators extracted data about study characteristics and ...
Ummalyma Sabeela Beevi SB Centre for Biofuels, Biotechnology Division, CSIR-National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Industrial Estate PO, Trivandrum 695019, - - 2014
Dairy effluent (DE) was evaluated for cultivation of the oleaginous micro alga Chlorococcum sp. RAP13 under mixotrophic and heterotrophic modes. The alga grew better and accumulated more lipids under heterotrophic cultivation. Supplementation of biodiesel industry waste glycerol (BDWG) to DE enhanced the biomass production as well as lipid accumulation. While ...
Wang Xin-Wei XW School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, - - 2014
The marine diatom Chaetoceros muelleri grown under air (0.03% CO2), 10%, 20%, and 30% CO2 conditions was evaluated to determine its potential for CO2 reduction coupled with biodiesel production. The results indicated that C. muelleri grows well with high CO2 aeration levels (10-20%) and is induced to accumulate lipids under ...
Serra A A Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Agro-ambientali, University of Pisa, Italy; Centro di Ricerche Agroambientali "E. Avanzi", University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the present paper was to evaluate the fatty acid composition, lipolysis, lipid oxidation and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in Colonnata lard from Large White (LW) or Cinta Senese (CS) pigs during one-year of curing. CS lard contained higher amounts of unsaturated fatty acids than that from LW, ...
Scollan Nigel D ND Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Gogerddan, Aberystwyth, Wales SY23 3EE, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper focuses on dietary approaches to control intramuscular fat deposition to increase beneficial omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and conjugated linoleic acid content and reduce saturated fatty acids in beef. Beef lipid trans-fatty acids are considered, along with relationships between lipids in beef and colour shelf-life and sensory attributes. ...
Feng Yunzi Y College of Light Industry and Food Sciences, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, - - 2014
Evolution of lipids during koji fermentation and the effect of lipase supplementation on the sensory properties of soy sauce were investigated. Results showed that total lipids of the koji samples were in the range of 16-21%. The extracted lipid of initial koji consisted mainly of triacylglycerols (TAGs, >98%), followed by ...
Bharti Randhir K RK School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, - - 2014
A CO2 sequestering bacterial strain, Serratia sp. ISTD04, that produces a significant amount of extracellular lipids was isolated from marble mine rocks. (14)C labeling analysis revealed that the rate of assimilation of CO2 by the strain is 0.756×10(-9)μmolCO2fixedcell(-1)h(-1). It was found to produce 466mg/l of extracellular lipid which was characterized ...
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