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Results 451 - 500 of 2071
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Sushchik Nadezhda N - - 2012
Emerging aquatic insects, including mosquitoes, are known to transfer to terrestrial ecosystems specific essential biochemicals, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). We studied fatty acid (FA) composition and contents of dominant mosquito populations (Diptera: Culicidae), that is, Anopheles messeae, Ochlerotatus caspius, Oc. flavescens, Oc. euedes, Oc. subdiversus, Oc. cataphylla, and ...
Ranjan R - - 2012
Cattle can synthesize L-ascorbic acid (or Vitamin C) from either D-glucose or D-galactose through glucuronic acid pathway in the liver. L-Ascorbic acid present in cattle diet is almost totally destroyed by rumen microorganisms making them essentially dependent on its endogenous synthesis, which is assumed sufficient to meet the physiological requirement. ...
Rasch Michael R - - 2012
Assemblies of saturated 1,2-diacylphosphatidylcholine lipid and hydrophobic dodecanethiol-capped 1.8 nm diameter gold nanocrystals were studied as a function of lipid chain length and the addition of the naturally occurring oil, squalene. The gold nanocrystals formed various lipid-stabilized agglomerates, sometimes fusing with lipid vesicle bilayers. The nanocrystal assembly structure depended on ...
Contreras G A - - 2012
High plasma NEFA concentrations and compromised immune responses are associated with increased disease susceptibility during farrowing and lactation. Increased plasma NEFA concentrations cause changes in the fatty acid content of plasma lipid fractions and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) that could modify inflammatory responses. The goals of this study were ...
Buldo Patrizia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The melting behaviour and fatty acid composition of cream from a total of 33 cows from four farms were analysed. Multivariate data analysis was used to identify the fatty acids that contributed most to the melting points and to differentiate between creams from different practical feeding regimes. RESULTS: It ...
Craig Oliver E - - 2012
The carbon isotopic characterisation of ruminant lipids associated with ceramic vessels has been crucial for elucidating the origins and changing nature of pastoral economies. δ(13) C values of fatty acids extracted from potsherds are commonly compared with those from the dairy and carcass fats of modern domesticated animals to determine ...
Lee Yoonseok - - 2012
The sterol regulatory element binding factor 1 (SREBP1) gene plays an important role in the biosynthesis of fatty acids. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between SNPs within SREBP1 gene and fatty acid composition of muscle fat and marbling score in a commercial population of Korean ...
Buchanan J W - - 2012
Fatty acid profiles and intramuscular expression of genes involved in fatty acid metabolism were characterized in concentrate- (CO) and forage- (FO) based finishing systems. Intramuscular samples from the adductor were taken at slaughter from 99 heifers finished on a CO diet and 58 heifers finished on a FO diet. Strip ...
Brown Simon - - 2012
Abstract The infective larvae of Teladorsagia circumcinta have a protective sheath which is lost soon after they reach the rumen of the sheep. Incubation in vitro with 50 mM imidazole caused more than 75% of L3 T. circumcincta to start exsheathing within 2 h. The initiation of exsheathing was less ...
Kool Dorien M - - 2012
The recently described bacterium "Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera" couples the oxidation of the important greenhouse gas methane to the reduction of nitrite. The ecological significance of "Ca. Methylomirabilis oxyfera" is still underexplored, as our ability to identify the presence of this bacterium is thus far limited to DNA-based techniques. Here, we ...
Zhang Lin - - 2012
Rhamnolipids have multiple potential applications as "green" surfactants for industry, remediation, and medicine. As a result, they have been intensively investigated to add to our understanding of their biosynthesis and improve yields. Several studies have noted that the addition of a fatty acid cosubstrate increases rhamnolipid yields, but a metabolic ...
Nazari Bahar - - 2012
Low attention to dairy product consumptions and high intake of junk foods and bakery products might be related to high prevalence of chronic diseases because of their fat content and fatty acid composition. In this study we investigated the kind and amount of fatty acid content in Iranian junk foods, ...
Bò Cristian Del - - 2013
This study investigated the effect of moderate consumption of horse meat on iron status, lipid profile and fatty acid composition of red blood cells in healthy male volunteers. Fifty-two subjects were randomly assigned to two groups of 26 subjects each: a test group consuming two portions of 175 g/week of ...
Valberg S J - - 2012
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: We hypothesised that seasonal pasture myopathy (SPM), which closely resembles atypical myopathy (AM), was caused by ingestion of a seed-bearing plant abundant in autumn pastures. OBJECTIVES: To identify a common seed-bearing plant among autumn pastures of horses with SPM, and to determine whether the toxic amino ...
Noh Siwon - - 2012
  The stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids of camellia seed oil (also called camellia oil) was determined. The camellia oil was mainly composed of neutral lipids (88.2%), and the oleic acid (86.3%) was found to be a major fatty acid of neutral lipids. In the glycolipids and phospholipids, the ...
Firl Nina - - 2012
Abstract Background: Knowledge of the fatty acid composition of lipid classes in human plasma is an important factor in the investigation of human metabolism. Therefore, a method for the analysis of neutral lipid (NL), phospholipid (PL) and free fatty acids (FFA) in human plasma has been developed and validated. Methods: ...
Shingfield K J - - 2012
There is increasing evidence to indicate that nutrition is an important factor involved in the onset and development of several chronic human diseases including cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), type II diabetes and obesity. Clinical studies implicate excessive consumption of medium-chain saturated fatty acids (SFA) and trans-fatty acids (TFA) as risk ...
Kim Yong-Jae - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: While data on the relationship between fatty acid (FA) composition and the risk for total stroke have accumulated, the association between FA composition and the risk for intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) has never been studied. We compared plasma phospholipid FA composition between non-stroke control and ischemic stroke in Korean ...
Bilal G - - 2012
The objectives of the present study were to estimate genetic parameters of milk fatty acid unsaturation indices in Canadian Holsteins. Data were available on milk fatty acid composition of 2,573 Canadian Holstein cows from 46 commercial herds enrolled in the Québec Dairy Production Centre of Expertise, Valacta (Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada). ...
Daniele Gaëlle - - 2012
The analytical composition and botanical origin of honey are basic data used to determine the quality of this foodstuff. Although proteins are used to characterise the analytical composition of honey, they can be eliminated during its ultrafiltration and, in the case of honeys not saturated with their own pollen, the ...
Zlatanov Magdalen D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Sweet and horse chestnut fruit contain carbohydrates, fibers, proteins, lipids, vitamins, glycosides and coumarin. The lipids are rich in biologically active substances as fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. The fruit has been used as food, and for medicinal purposes to treat inflammatory and vascular problems. RESULTS: The fruits ...
Yoshida Hiromi - - 2013
Endogenous tocopherols in extracted lipids from Jack beans (Canavalia gladiata DC.) were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and were investigated in relation to the fatty acids (FA) distribution of triacylgycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL). The dominant tocopherols were (δ)-tocopherol (78.9-96.5mg%) and (γ)-tocopherol (42.1-56.1mg%) with much smaller amounts of (α)-tocopherol ...
Sakowski Tomasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of metabolic overload in cows maintained in organic herds is very likely, because organic production promotes feeding with high roughage diets and discourages supplementation with concentrates supplementation. It has the potential to negatively affect milk quality. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of ...
Hristov A N - - 2012
The objective of this experiment, part of a larger study, was to investigate changes in rumen bacterial, archaeal, and fungal diversity in cows fed medium-chain saturated fatty acids. In the main study, 6 lactating dairy cows were dosed intraruminally with 240 g/cow per day of stearic (SA, control), lauric (LA), ...
Siciliano Carlo - - 2013
High resolution (1)H NMR spectroscopy was proposed for the determination of the fatty acid chain profile of lipids in pork meat products during ripening. Two typical Mediterranean PDO salami produced in Calabria, a region in the Southern Italy, were chosen as a case of study. Quantitative NMR analysis provided the ...
Hess T M - - 2012
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of different sources of dietary omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid supplementation on plasma, red blood cell, and skeletal muscle fatty acid compositions in horses. Twenty-one mares were blocked by age, BW, and BCS and assigned to 1 of 3 dietary treatments ...
Tessema Girum Tadesse - - 2012
Listeria monocytogenes , an important foodborne pathogen, commonly encounters organic acids in food-related environments. The transcriptome of L. monocytogenes L502 was analyzed after adaptation to pH 5 in the presence of acetic acid, lactic acid, or hydrochloric acid (HCl) at 25 °C, representing a condition encountered in mildly acidic ready-to-eat food kept at ...
Zhang Haofei H Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Gillings School of Global Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, United - - 2012
2-Methyl-3-buten-2-ol (MBO) is an important biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emitted by pine trees and a potential precursor of atmospheric secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in forested regions. In the present study, hydroxyl radical (OH)-initiated oxidation of MBO was examined in smog chambers under varied initial nitric oxide (NO) and aerosol ...
Andrews Duncan U - - 2012
Current atmospheric models underestimate the production of organic acids in the troposphere. We report a detailed kinetic model of the photochemistry of acetaldehyde (ethanal) under tropospheric conditions. The rate constants are benchmarked to collision-free experiments, where extensive photo-isomerization is observed upon irradiation with actinic ultraviolet radiation (310 to 330 nanometers). ...
Webb Matthew J - - 2012
In this report we use the weak interactions of acid-porphyrin complexes to selectively bind competing acids to the faces of a rigid cyclic porphyrin dimer, and characterise the resulting interactions by NMR spectroscopy and nano-electrospray ionisation spectrometry.
Moschen Ivano - - 2012
Metabolism of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in the brain, particularly that of acetate, appears to occur mainly in astrocytes. The differential use has been attributed to transport, but the extent to which transmembrane movement of SCFA is mediated by transporters has not been investigated systematically. Here we tested the possible ...
Berkovic Andrea M - - 2012
The laser flash photolysis technique (λ(exc)=355nm) was used to investigate the mechanism of the HgCl(2) reduction mediated by CO(2)(-) radicals generated from quenching of the triplet states of 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) by formic acid. Kinetic simulations of the experimental signals support the proposed reaction mechanism. This system is of potential interest ...
Maciejewska Magdalena - - 2012
Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) was applied at infinite dilution to evaluate the surface properties of calcium and magnesium oxide nanoparticles and the effect of surface grafted unsaturated carboxylic acid on the nanopowder donor-acceptor characteristics. The dispersive components (γ(s)(D)) of the free energy of the nanopowders were determined by Gray's method, ...
Egusa Shizuka - - 2012
Direct and efficient enzymatic synthesis of long-chain cellulose from cellobiose in its original form was successfully achieved via the combination of a surfactant-enveloped enzyme (SEE) and a protic acid in an aprotic organic solvent, lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide system. The SEE biocatalyst was prepared by protecting the surface of cellulase with the ...
Lee Leo M Y - - 2012
Retinoic acid, an active metabolite of vitamin A, plays essential signaling roles in mammalian embryogenesis. Nevertheless, it has long been recognized that overexposure to vitamin A or retinoic acid causes widespread teratogenesis in rodents as well as humans. Although it has a short half-life, exposure to high levels of retinoic ...
Li Jing - - 2012
Lysinibacillus sphaericus is a bacterium incapable of metabolizing sugars with the sole exception of N-acetylglucosamine. To unravel the regulatory role of catabolite control protein A (CcpA) in the sugar metabolism of L. sphaericus, a ccpA deficient mutant was constructed by homologous recombination. The mutant showed growth deficiency and a low ...
Kim Byoung-Hyoun - - 2012
Enantiomeric separations of N-phthaloyl (N-PHT), N-tetrachlorophthaloyl (N-TCPHT), and N-naphthaloyl (N-NPHT) α-amino acids and their esters were examined on several kinds of polysaccharide-derived chiral stationary phases (CSPs). Resolution capability of CSPs was greater Chiralcel OF than the others for N-PHT and N-NPHT α-amino acids and their esters. In N-TCPHT α-amino acids ...
Adhikari Manab Deb - - 2012
Biocompatible organic acids and citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles were interacted with nisin to generate robust antimicrobial agents, which display archetypical nisin activity even at elevated pH.
Lokesh - - 2012
Weak orienting medium: Self-assembly of alkaline salt of folic acid yielded a weak liquid-crystalline phase in an aqueous environment. This medium has the ability to discriminate enantiomers. The mesophase exists over a broad range and has the physical parameter dependent tunability of degree of alignment.
Yu Cao Guo - - 2012
Bazooka (Par-3) is a conserved polarity regulator that organizes molecular networks in a wide range of cell types. In epithelia, it functions as a plasma membrane landmark to organize the apical domain. Bazooka is a scaffold protein that interacts with proteins through its three PDZ (postsynaptic density 95, discs large, ...
Pezzicoli Alfredo - - 2012
By sequence analysis of available GBS genomes, we discovered a conserved putative operon involved in the catabolism of sialic acid, containing a tripartite transporter formed by two integral membrane components and a sugar-binding unit, named SAL0039. Expression analysis in the presence of different substrates revealed that SAL0039 was specifically up-regulated ...
Tran Hanh T M - - 2012
The myxomycetes are a group of primitive phagotrophic eukaryotes characterized by a distinctive plasmodial stage that is well known for its rapid growth rate. In the present study, biomass and lipid production of several different species of myxomycetes were investigated. Physarum polycephalum was found to produce the highest amounts of ...
Liu Hongli - - 2012
An unprecedented synergistic effect, obtained for rationally designed Au-Pd alloy nanoparticles supported on an acidic metal-organic framework (MOF), in the aerobic oxidation of the primary C-H bonds in toluene and derivates is reported.
Huo Shuhao - - 2012
Cultivation of Chlorella zofingiensis and nutrients removal in dairy wastewater were investigated in bench-scale outdoor ponds in winter, South China. The impacts of the two types of pH regulations, 5∼6% CO(2) and acetic acid (HAc) on this process were studied. After 6days cultivation, the removal rates of total nitrogen (TN) ...
Florence Ana Carolina R - - 2012
Development of dairy organic probiotic fermented products is of great interest as they associate ecological practices and benefits of probiotic bacteria. As organic management practices of cow milk production allow modification of the fatty acid composition of milk (as compared to conventional milk), we studied the influence of the type ...
Higuchi Masakazu - - 2012
Charged up: A novel porous coordination polymer with a charged organic surface (COS) comprising a zwitterionic organic linker, viologen, has been synthesized. The COS shows strong Lewis acidity accompanied with flexibility, and the isosteric heat of H(2) adsorption is 9.5 kJ mol(-1) , which is comparable to that of open metal ...
López-Gresa M Pilar - - 2012
(1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics has been applied to study the compatible interaction between tomato plants and Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV). A detailed time course of metabolic fingerprinting of ToMV-inoculated and non-inoculated systemically infected tomato leaves has provided a fundamental understanding of the metabolic state of the plant not ...
Venkata Mohan S - - 2012
Acid-rich effluent generated from acidogenic biohydrogen production process was evaluated as substrate for lipid synthesis by integrating with heterotrophic cultivation of mixed microalgae. Experiments were performed both with synthetic volatile fatty acids (SVFA) and fermented fatty acids (FFA) from biohydrogen producing reactor. Fatty acid based platform evidenced significant influence on ...
Hazari Amaruka - - 2012
A helping hand: Incorporation of Group 2 Lewis acids into a macrocycle appended to a phosphine ligand attached to a rhenium carbonyl complex promotes otherwise unfavorable transformations of coordinated CO (see scheme; M=Ca, Sr). These Lewis acids form relatively weak MO bonds, thereby enabling release of organic products from the ...
Oh Dong-Yep DY Charmpoom Hanwoo Research Institution, Charmpoom Hanwoo Co., Ltd., Chilgok-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do 718-913, Korea - - 2012
In this study, we investigated the relationship between unsaturated fatty acids influencing beef flavor and four types of SNPs (c.280A>G, c.388G>A, c.408G>C and c.456A>G) located at exon 2, 3 and 4 of the FABP4 gene, which is a fatty acid binding protein 4 in Korean cattle (n = 513). When ...
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