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Choma Adam - - 2012
The structure of the lipid A of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Azorhizobium caulinodans, a symbiont of the tropical legume Sesbania rostrata, was investigated by chemical compositional analyses, mass spectrometry, as well as 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy techniques. The lipid A backbone was composed of a β-(1→6)-linked 2,3-diamino-2,3-dideoxy-d-glucopyranose (GlcpN3N) disaccharide ...
Vaz Fernando Antonio Simas - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Aluminum toxicity is commonly verified in acidic soils, and poses a severe limitation to plant growth and development. Therefore, Al complexation by the root system mucilage, Al complexation by organic compounds that are exuded by the roots and internal metabolic processes must be monitored by organic acids (OA), since ...
Kováčik Jozef - - 2012
Phenolic metabolism of Al-exposed Matricaria chamomilla plants was modulated with four regulators: 2-aminoindane-2-phosphonic acid (AIP), salicylic acid (SA), sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and dithiothreitol (DTT). Physiological parameters (tissue water content, soluble proteins, reducing sugars, K(+) content), root lignin content and free amino acids (increase in root proline and alanine) were the ...
Lu Pei-Pei - - 2012
Polyethersulfone (PES)/perfluorosulfonic acid (PFSA) nanofiber membranes were successfully fabricated via electrospinning method from polymer solutions added with calcium carbonate (CaCO3) nanoparticles. ATR-FTIR spectra indicated that the nanoparticles mainly existed on the external surface of the nanofibers and could be removed completely by acid treatment. Surface roughness of both the nanofibers ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2-phenoxyethyl propionate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2-Phenoxyethyl propionate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2-phenylpropyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2-Phenylpropyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of p-anisyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. p-Anisyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
Ghosh Shibaji K - - 2012
The absolute configuration (via degradation and Marfey's derivatization studies) and the total synthesis of a novel antimalarial lipid-peptide isolated from Streptomyces sp. (IC(50) = 0.8 μM, Plasmodium falciparum 3D7) is disclosed. To this end, versatile stereocontrolled routes to nonproteinogenic amino acids (via catalytic Mannich, Sharpless methods) and enantiomeric trans fatty ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of anisyl formate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Anisyl formate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
Liu Qiang - - 2012
Carbonate was added into a co-culture of glucose and fresh leachate under alkaline condition to enhance batched acidogenesis and fermentative hydrogen production simultaneously. Results indicated carbonate has positive effect on both H(2) production and acetic acid generation. The highest hydrogen yield (about 1.40mol/mol glucose) was obtained at [CO(3)(2-)]=280mg/L with pH ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 3-phenyl-3-buten-1-yl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 3-Phenyl-3-buten-1-yl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1,1-dimethyl-2-phenylethyl butyrate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1,1-Dimethyl-2-phenylethyl butyrate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
Ríos María Yolanda - - 2012
Complete (1) H and (13) C NMR chemical shift assignments for 3,4-seco-lup-20(29)-en-3-oic acid (1) have been established by means of two-dimensional COSY, HSQC, HMBC and NOESY spectroscopic experiments as well as by analysis of MS data. Compound 1 was isolated from Decatropis bicolor (Zucc.) Radlk. (Rutaceae) in addition to six ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 4-methylbenzyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 4-Methylbenzyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2,4-dimethylbenzyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2,4-Dimethylbenzyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of phenethyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Phenethyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2-methyl-4-phenyl-2-butyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2-Methyl-4-phenyl-2-butyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of carbonic acid, methyl phenylmethyl ester when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Carbonic acid, methyl phenylmethyl ester is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 3-phenylpropyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 3-Phenylpropyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1,1-dimethyl-2-phenylethyl propionate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1,1-Dimethyl-2-phenylethyl propionate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of anisyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Anisyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of α-methylbenzyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. α-Methylbenzyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1,1-dimethyl-2-phenylethyl formate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1,1-Dimethyl-2-phenylethyl formate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of benzyl formate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Benzyl formate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-3-pentyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1-Phenyl-3-methyl-3-pentyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of anisyl propionate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Anisyl propionate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of phenethyl formate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Phenethyl formate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 1,3-dimethyl-3-phenylbutyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 1,3-Dimethyl-3-phenylbutyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of α-methylbenzyl propionate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. α-Methylbenzyl propionate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of 2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. 2-Hydroxy-2-phenylethyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of phenethyl propionate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Phenethyl propionate is a member of the fragrance structural group aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of p-isopropylbenzyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. p-Isopropylbenzyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
Wang Xiumei - - 2012
Two ways: A Zn-modified ZSM-5 zeolite catalyst was developed for the reaction of methane with carbon monoxide to directly produce acetic acid under mild conditions (573-623 K), and two different intermediate-dependent reaction pathways were unambiguously identified for acetic acid formation by in situ solid-state NMR spectroscopy.
Tang Chu - - 2012
Five new conjugates of oleanolic acid derivatives and chalcones have been designed and synthesized. The structure elucidation of these conjugates was accomplished by using extensive 1D ((1) H, (13) C) and 2D NMR spectroscopic studies (COSY, HSQC and HMBC); and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity is reported for these conjugates. Compound 2b ...
Messaoudi Samir - - 2012
An efficient and practical decarboxylative cross-coupling reaction of quinolin-4(1H)-one 3-carboxylic acids with (hetero)aryl halides has been established. Under a bimetallic system of PdBr(2) and silver carbonate, the protocol proved to be general, and a variety of 3-(hetero)aryl 4-quinolinones and related heterocycles, such as 3-aryl-1,8-naphthyridin-4(1H)-ones, 3-arylcoumarins, 3-arylquinolin-2(1H)-ones, and 2-arylchromones, can be ...
O'Callahan D R - - 2012
Aims:  The aim of this study was to isolate lactic acid bacteria from chilli waste and evaluate metabolites produced for the ability to arrest wood decay. Methods and Results:  Using an optical density screening method, one bacterium (isolate C11) was identified as having pronounced antifungal properties against Oligoporus placenta. This ...
Wang Yao - - 2012
Chromatographic separation of a crude extract obtained from aerial parts of the Mongolian medicinal plant Scorzonera radiata yielded fifteen natural compounds, including two new flavonoids and one new quinic acid congener, as well as four flavones and eight quinic acid derivatives, all of which are known natural compounds. The structures ...
Li Ruixing - - 2012
Carbon and nitrogen (C-N) co-doped nano-CeO2 was synthesized by the solvothermal method using hexamethylenetetramine (HMT) as a precipitator at 140 degrees C for 24 h. We found that the degradation of acid orange 7 (AO7) was 94.4% and 98.8% with C-N co-doped nano-CeO2 upon irradiation with a 100-watt high-pressure mercury ...
Taskova Rilka M - - 2012
The sun hebes are a small clade of New Zealand Veronica formerly classified as Heliohebe. The water-soluble compounds of Veronica pentasepala, Veronica raoulii and Veronica hulkeana were studied and 30 compounds including 15 iridoid glucosides, 12 phenylethanoid glycosides, the acetophenone glucoside pungenin, the mannitol ester hebitol II and mannitol were ...
McGinty D - - 2012
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of benzyl acetate when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Benzyl acetate is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohol Simple Acid Esters (AAASAE). The AAASAE fragrance ingredients are prepared by reacting an aryl alkyl alcohol with a simple carboxylic acid ...
Zeng Yan-Bo - - 2012
To study the antimicrobial components from the endophytic fungus A1 of mangrove plant Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea Gaertn. F., a new fatty acid glucoside was isolated by column chromatography from the broth of A1, and its structure was identified as R-3-hydroxyundecanoic acid methylester-3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (1) by spectroscopic methods including 1D and 2D NMR ...
Hurtado Marcela - - 2012
The intrinsic acidity of chalcocyclopentadienes (CpXH; X=O, S, Se, Te) is investigated by high-level G3B3 and G2 ab initio as well as B3LYP DFT calculations, which show that, independent of the nature of the heteroatom, all chalcocyclopentadienes are stronger acids in the gas phase than cyclopentadiene. However the acidity does not increase regularly ...
Zhi Hai-Juan - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The flower bud of Tussilago farfara L. is widely used for the treatment of coughs, bronchitis and asthmatic disorders in traditional Chinese medicine. In Europe, the plant has been used as herbal remedies for virtually the same applications, but the leaves are preferred over flowers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate ...
Domingues Adilson Pereira AP - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine which anthocyanins are related to the purple colouration of young leaves in Coffea arabica var. Purpurascens and assess their impact on photosynthesis as compared to C. arabica var. Catuaí, with green leaves. Two delphinidin glicosides were identified and histological cross-sections showed they ...
Zaimoku Hisaaki - - 2012
A synthetic study of actinophyllic acid based on an original strategy has been described. A transannular acyl radical cyclization allowed us to obtain a key bicyclo[3.3.2] framework, and construction of a core of the target alkaloid has been accomplished by subsequent introduction of a C2 unit.
Flores-Albino Belem - - 2012
Crab wastes are employed for simultaneous production of chitin and L(+)-lactic acid by submerged fermentation of Lactobacillus sp. B2 using sugar cane molasses as carbon source. Response surface methodology was applied to design the culture media considering demineralization. Fermentations in stirred tank reactor (2L) using selected conditions produced 88% demineralization ...
Rohloff Jens - - 2012
Winter freezing damage is a crucial factor in overwintering crops such as the octoploid strawberry (Fragaria×ananassa Duch.) when grown in a perennial cultivation system. Our study aimed at assessing metabolic processes and regulatory mechanisms in the close-related diploid model woodland strawberry (Fragaria vescaL.) during a 10-days cold acclimation experiment. Based ...
Maresca Alfonso - - 2012
The bacterial pathogen Brucella suis encodes two carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) belonging to the β-class, bsCA1 and bsCA2, which are crucial for its life cycle. Sulfonamides, strong inhibitors of these enzymes, were shown to block the growth of the pathogen in vitro. Here we report the inhibition of these ...
Zhang Hua - - 2012
Fractionation of a southern Australian marine sponge, Ianthella sp., yielded sixteen metabolites including a new class of pyrrolidone, ianthellidones A-F (1-6), a new class of furanone, ianthellidones G-H (7-8), new and known lamellarins, lamellarins O1 (9), O2 (10), O (11) and Q (12), plus the known 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde (13), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid ...
López-Martínez Sugey - - 2012
Phoradendron brachystachyum is a hemiparasitic plant widely distributed in México that belongs to the Viscaceae family. It has been commonly used in folk medicine as a substitute for the European mistletoe. In this chemical study, morolic acid was isolated as the major component (47.54% of the total composition of acetone ...
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