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Results 201 - 250 of 1380
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de Oliveira Julieta Rangel - - 2012
Marine fungi belonging to the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cladosporium, and Bionectria catalyzed the biotransformation of phenylacetonitrile to 2-hydroxyphenylacetic acid. Eight marine fungi, selected and cultured with phenylacetonitrile in liquid mineral medium, catalyzed it quantitative biotransformation to 2-hydroxyphenylacetic acid. In this study, the nitrile group was firstly hydrolysed, and then, the ...
Wang Jing - - 2012
Three new compounds (Gardeniside A-C), 11α,12α-epoxy-3β-[(O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside-6'-O-methly ester)oxy]olean-28,13-olide (1), siaresinolic acid 3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside-6'-O-methly ester (2), and 3-O-β-D- glucuronopyranoside-6'-O-methly ester-siaresinolic acid-28-O-β-D- glucopyranoside (3), with seven known compounds oleanolic acid 3-O-β-D- glucuronopyranoside-6'-O-methly ester (4) , oleanolic acid 3-O-β-D- glucuropyranoside (5) , hederagenin 3-O-β-D- glucuronopyranoside-6'-O- methly ester (6) , chikusetsusaponin IVa methyl ester (7) , ...
Cochrane Nj - - 2012
Background:  Dental erosion is an increasingly prevalent problem in Australia, with the consumption of sports beverages suggested as a risk factor. The aim of this study was to compare the erosive potential of Australian sports beverages. Methods:  Ten beverages were selected and analysed to determine their pH, titratable acidity and ...
Lin Jin-Hong - - 2012
CF(3)- or -CF(2)-containing tetrahydroquinolines have been asymmetrically synthesized from the reaction of fluorinated N-arylimines with benzyl N-vinylcarbamate in the presence of a chiral phosphoric acid.
Hoshino Tatsuro - - 2012
Two new sulfated oleanan saponins, sulfachyranthosides B (1) and D (2), were isolated from a water extract of Achyranthes root (root of Achyranthes bidentata). The structures were determined by analyses of spectroscopic data to be sulfates of achyranthosides B and D, respectively, at the 4'-position of the glucose moiety attached ...
Taira Toshiaki - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Encapsulation of ion-pairs in small spaces that are isolated from the medium is expected to result in amplified interactions between the ions. Yet, sequestration of ion pairs in self-assembled capsules is complicated by competition of the acids and bases for binding directly to the assembly compo-nents. We describe here ...
Zhai Xinyun - - 2012
Carbon nanodots (CDs) with a low cytotoxicity have been synthesized by one-step microwave-assisted pyrolysis of citric acid in the presence of various amine molecules. The primary amine molecules have been confirmed to serve dual roles as N-doping precursors and surface passivation agents, both of which considerably enhanced the fluorescence of ...
Wang Cun - - 2012
A novel electrode was developed through electrodepositing gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on overoxidized-polyimidazole (PImox) film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The combination of GNPs and the PImox film endowed the GNPs/PImox/GCE with good biological compatibility, high selectivity and sensitivity and excellent electrochemical catalytic activities towards ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA), uric ...
Morris Eric A - - 2012
This work addresses the discrepancy in the literature regarding the effects of sulfuric acid (H(2)SO(4)) on elemental Hg uptake by activated carbon (AC). H(2)SO(4) in AC substantially increased Hg uptake by absorption particularly in the presence of oxygen. Hg uptake increased with acid amount and temperature exceeding 500 mg-Hg/g-AC after ...
Williams Russell B - - 2012
High-throughput natural products chemistry methods have facilitated the isolation of eight new (1-8) and two known (9 and 10) beilschmiedic acid derivatives from the leaves of a Gabonese species of Beilschmiedia. Compounds 3-10 were isolated in microgram quantities, and the NMR data for structure elucidation and dereplication were acquired utilizing ...
Nowak SÅ‚awomira - - 2012
2D-TLC and RP-HPLC methods were applied to qualitatively determinate free phenolic acids and those liberated by acid and alkaline hydrolysis in the flowers and leaves of G. robusta and G. squarrosa. The presence of eleven phenolic acids, namely: caffeic, chlorogenic, p-coumaric, p-hydroxybenzoic, ferulic, gallic, protocatechuic, vanillic salicylic, p-hydroxyphenylacetic and ellagic ...
Klaiklay Saranyoo - - 2012
Two new succinic acid derivatives, xylacinic acids A (1) and B (2), along with seven known compounds, including one succinic acid derivative (3), three mellein derivatives (4-6), cytochalasin D (7), 2-chloro-5-methoxy-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione (8) and isosclerone (9), were isolated from the mangrove-derived fungus Xylaria cubensis PSU-MA34. Their structures were established by spectroscopic ...
Verma Subash Chandra - - 2012
Arjunic acid and arjunolic acid are main bioactive components of Terminalia arjuna stem bark and reported for various biological activities. In this study, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of arjunic and arjunolic acid from stem bark of T. arjuna was investigated with developed and validated HPLC-PDA method, which resulted in the isolation ...
Minocha Tanuj - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the root surface changes subsequent to the application of citric acid, tetracycline, Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and the combination of citric acid and tetracycline, and its influence on the adhesion of a fibrin clot with and without mild disruptive forces. A ...
Lee Seung-Mi - - 2012
Lecithin was isolated and characterized from anchovy (Engraulis japonica) deoiled residues using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO(2)) at a semibatch flow extraction process and an organic solvent (hexane) extraction. SC-CO(2) extraction was carried out to extract oil from anchovy at different temperatures (35 to 45 °C) and pressures (15 to 25 ...
Ye Shengqing - - 2012
A novel and efficient route to aryl N-aminosulfonamides via a palladium-catalyzed three-component coupling of arylboronic acids, sulfur dioxide and hydrazines in the presence of a balloon of dioxygen is reported. The reaction proceeded smoothly under mild conditions and DABCO·(SO(2))(2) was used as the source of sulfur dioxide.
Thomas Michael C - - 2012
The collision-induced dissociation (CID) of a range of deprotonated fatty acid standards was studied using linear ion trap mass spectrometry. Neutral losses of 78, 98, and 136 Da were consistently observed for fatty acids with five or more double bonds. Comparison of the MS/MS spectra of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and ...
Nishimura Hiroshi - - 2012
New ceriporic acids-alkadienyl and alkenyl itaconic acids having a bis-allyl (3-[(Z,Z)-hexadec-7,10-dienyl]-itaconic acid; ceriporic acid G) and a monoene (3-[(Z)-octadec-9-enyl]-itaconic acid; ceriporic acid H) structure in their side chains-were isolated from the cultures of the selective lignin-degrading fungus Ceriporiopsis subvermispora. The new metabolites ceriporic acid G and H were synthesized by ...
Hua Tian - - 2012
Peroxisomes play an essential role in maintaining fatty acid homeostasis. Although mitochondria are also known to participate in the catabolism of fatty acids via β-oxidation, differences exist between the peroxisomal and mitochondrial β-oxidation. Only peroxisomes, but not mitochondrion, can shorten very long chain fatty acids. Here, we describe the crystal ...
Yi Jaeseok - - 2012
Biosilification is of interest due to its capability to produce a highly intricate structure under environmentally friendly conditions. Despite the considerable effort that has been devoted toward biomimetic silification, the synthesis of highly complex silica structures, as found in the structures of diatom cell walls, is still in its infancy. ...
Suganuma Satoshi - - 2012
SO(3) H-bearing amorphous carbon prepared from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is studied as a heterogeneous Brønsted acid catalyst. Sulfonation of partially carbonized PVC produces amorphous carbon consisting of small SO(3) H-bearing carbon sheets linked by sp(3) -based aliphatic hydrocarbons. This carbon material exhibits much higher catalytic performance in the hydrolysis of ...
Paull Daniel H - - 2012
A novel bifunctional catalyst derived from BINOL has been developed that promotes the highly enantioselective bromolactonizations of a number of structurally distinct unsaturated acids. Like some known catalysts, this catalyst promotes highly enantioselective bromolactonizations of 4- and 5-aryl-4-pentenoic acids, but it also catalyzes the highly enantioselective bromolactonizations of 5-alkyl-4(Z)-pentenoic acids. ...
Chaudhari Sachin R - - 2012
The three-component chiral derivatization protocols have been developed for (1)H, (13)C and (19)F NMR spectroscopic discrimination of chiral diacids by their coordination and self-assembly with optically active (R)-α-methylbenzylamine and 2-formylphenylboronic acid or 3-fluoro-2-formylmethylboronic acid. These protocols yield a mixture of diastereomeric imino-boronate esters which are identified by the well-resolved diastereotopic ...
Kawashima Hideki - - 2012
To investigate unusual odd-chain fatty acids (FA) from gonads of archaeogastropods, limpets Cellana grata and Cellana toreuma, a subfraction enriched in FA with two double bonds extracted from the gonads was obtained by using argentation thin-layer chromatography. The resulting fraction was analyzed by using capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of its ...
Bhushan Ravi - - 2012
Amino acids are unique in terms of their structural features and multidimensional uses. With their simple structures and the ready availability of both enantiomers, amino acids not only serve as a chiral pool for synthesis but also provide an inexpensive pool for resolution studies. There has been no attempt to ...
Sakamoto Tsubasa - - 2012
By use of 2-deuterated benzothiazoline as a deuterium donor in combination with a chiral phosphoric acid, the transfer deuteration of ketimine and α-iminoester took place smoothly to give α-deuterated amines in high yields with excellent enantioselectivities. The remarkable kinetic isotope effect suggests that carbon-deuterium bond cleavage is the rate-determining step.
Dong Jing Z - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Leaves of Lycium chinense L. are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and as functional food in China and south-east Asia. Polyphenols are important active compounds in leaves of L. chinense L, but their compositions are still not very clear. Selenium has been reported to increase some components of ...
Deng Ke-Qin - - 2012
Directly electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) was obtained by potentiostatic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide sheets on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The ERGO-modified electrode (ERGO/GCE) displayed greatly improved voltammetric response to the amino acids l-tryptophane (Trp) and l-tyrosine (Tyr) compared with the chemically reduced graphene oxide (CRGO) modified electrode. ...
Vasić Milica - - 2012
Graphite modified with gallic acid to form 'gallic acid-carbon' is demonstrated to be efficient for the removal of bismuth(iii) ions from aqueous solutions. The uptake is demonstrated to be rapid but not to follow standard adsorption isotherm models. Instead, the uptake was found to be further promoted by the presence ...
Ding Wenbing - - 2012
Three glycosidic acids, turpethic acids A-C, and two intact resin glycosides, turpethosides A and B, all having a common pentasaccharide moiety and 12-hydroxy fatty acid aglycones of different chain lengths, were obtained from the aerial parts of Operculina turpethum. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses and chemical correlations. The ...
Aura Anna-Marja - - 2012
PURPOSE: Syrah red grapes are used in the production of tannin-rich red wines. Tannins are high molecular weight molecules, proanthocyanidins (PAs), and poorly absorbed in the upper intestine. In this study, gut microbial metabolism of Syrah grape phenolic compounds was investigated. METHODS: Syrah grape pericarp was subjected to an enzymatic ...
Li Qingling - - 2012
The catabolism of 4-hydroxy acid (drugs of abuse and lipid peroxidation products) generates a series of hydroxy acids with different carbon chain lengths and hydroxyl group at different locations. The identification of these hydroxy acid metabolites is important to uncover the catabolic pathways of drugs of abuse and lipid peroxidation ...
Khandelwal Manish - - 2012
The strong Lewis acid [Et(2) Al](+) catalyzes the reduction of carbon dioxide with hydrosilanes under mild conditions to methane. In benzene solution, the side products toluene and diphenylmethane are also obtained through Lewis acid catalyzed benzene alkylation by reaction intermediates.
Zhang Fan - - 2012
Natural products possessing the 3-(furan-2(5H)-ylidene)furan-2,4(3H,5H)-dione (furylidene tetronic acid) skeleton are rare and were encountered only as fungal metabolites. The configurational assignment of the furylidene tetronic acid core using conventional approaches remained a challenge. Pestalotic acids A-G () are new furylidene tetronic acid derivatives isolated from a plant endophyte Pestalotiopsis yunnanensis. ...
Wu Zhijun - - 2012
Two new phenolic glycosides were isolated from the ethanol extract of the roots of Inula cappa DC. Their structures were defined as 4-[(6-O-(E)-caffeoyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl]vanillic acid (1) and 3-O-[β-D-apiofurarnosyl-(1-6)-β-D-glucopyranoxy]-6-hydroxy-p-cymene (2) on the basis of spectral analysis.
Dorion Sonia - - 2012
Triosephosphate isomerase (TPI, EC 5.3.1.1) catalyzes the interconversion of dihydroxyacetone-P and glyceraldehyde 3-P in the glycolytic pathway. A constitutively expressed antisense construct for cytosolic TPI was introduced into potato (Solanum tuberosum) using Agrobacterium rhizogenes to examine the metabolic effects of a reduction in cytosolic TPI in roots. We obtained a ...
Bhadra Sukalyan - - 2012
Decarboxylative Chan-Evans-Lam-type couplings are presented as a new strategy for the regiospecific construction of diaryl and alkyl aryl ethers starting from easily available aromatic carboxylic acids. They allow converting various aromatic carboxylate salts into the corresponding aryl ethers by reaction with alkyl orthosilicates or aryl borates, under aerobic conditions in ...
Serrato Rodrigo V - - 2012
Lipid-A was isolated by mild acid hydrolysis from lipopolysaccharides extracted from cells of Herbaspirillum seropedicae, strain SMR1, and from two mutants deficient in the biosynthesis of rhamnose (rmlB(-) and rmlC(-)). Structural analyses were carried out using MALDI-TOF and derivatization by per-O-trimethylsilylation followed by GC-MS in order to determine monosaccharide and ...
He Zhi - - 2012
A reaction exemplifying migration of a carbon-boron bond is described. We show that α-boroalkyl groups of transient boroalkyl acyl azide intermediates readily migrate from carbon to nitrogen. This process allows access to a new class of stable molecules, α-boryl isocyanates, from α-boryl carboxylic acid precursors. The methodology facilitates synthesis of ...
Wang Jun - - 2012
Three isomers of mono-caffeoylquinic acid, specifically, 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid, 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid and 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid, were successfully isolated from a crude extract of tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum L.) wastes using continuous resin-based pre-separation and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The extract of tobacco wastes was continuously pre-separated by resin-based columns packed with D101 ...
Ceborska Magdalena - - 2012
The formation of different complexes of folic acid depending on the size of the host cyclodextrin resulting in either an exclusion compound (with the smallest α-cyclodextrin) or 2-rotaxane, where cyclodextrin is threaded over folic acid (with β- and γ-cyclodextrins), is presented. The formation is carried out in water which allows ...
Riaz Naheed - - 2012
Four new sphingolipids: nudicaulin A [(2S,3S,4R,14E)-2-{[octadecanoyl]amino}tetraeicos-14-ene-1,3,4-triol; 1], nudicaulin B [(2S,3S,4R,14E)-2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxyoctadecanoyl]amino}tetraeicos-14-ene-1,3,4-triol; 2], nudicaulin C [(2S,3S,4R,14E)-2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxyoctadecanoyl]amino}tetraeicos-14-ene-1,3,4-triol-1-O-β-d-glucopyranoside; 3], and nudicaulin D [(2S,3S,4R)-2-{[(2R,3S,12E)-2,3-dihydroxyeicos-12-enoyl]amino}octadecane-1,3,4-triol; 4] together with 1-hexatriacontanol, β-sitosterol, octadecyl 4-hydroxycinnamate, elaidic acid, cholesta-5,22-diene-3,7-diol, oleanolic acid, apigenin, and β-sitosterol 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside were isolated from the methanolic extract of the whole plant of Launaea nudicaulis. Their structures ...
Xing Yan - - 2012
In the current study, caffeic acid was an important metabolite in the highly copper-tolerant plant Elsholtzia splendens. Preparation and purification of caffeic acid were performed on the dried biomass of the plants by means of sonication/ethanol extraction, followed by purification using a macroporous resin (D101 type) column and silica gel ...
Muñoz Marcelo A - - 2012
The relative stereochemistry at C13 and the absolute configuration of salvic acid, a constituent of the leaves of Eupatorium salvia, were established as the 13-(R)-ent-labdane 1. The results follow from vibrational circular dichroism measurements of the derived O-methyl ether methyl ester 3 which were compared to DFT B3LYP/DGDZVP calculated spectra. ...
Jones David D Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, - - 2012
The naphthenic acids of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW) are said to be important toxicants. The major acids are stated to have alicyclic structures and recently, numerous of these have been identified, but some evidence suggests 'aromatic' acids are also present. The proportions of such acids have not been reported ...
Ohdate Takumi - - 2012
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is able to use some fatty acids, such as oleic acid, as a sole source of carbon. β-Oxidation, which occurs in a single membrane-enveloped organelle or peroxisome, is responsible for the assimilation of fatty acids. In S. cerevisiae, β-oxidation occurs only in peroxisomes, and H(2)O(2) is generated during ...
Gandía-Herrero Fernando - - 2012
Betalamic acid [4-(2-oxoethylidene)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid] is a naturally occurring compound that is normally found condensed with amino acids, amines, cyclo-DOPA, and cyclo-DOPA derivatives to form the betalains. Betalains are the pigments responsible for the yellow to violet color of the fruits and flowers of plants belonging to the order Caryophyllales. Betalamic ...
Liu Huihui - - 2012
The polysaccharides from the fruits of Lycium barbarum have received considerable attention in previous publication, but the polysaccharides from the leaves were rarely reported. In the present work, four water-soluble polysaccharide fractions: LBP-I, LBP-II, LBP-III and LBP-IV isolated from Lycium barbarum leaves were purified through DEAE-Sephadex A-25. LBP-II and LBP-IV ...
Al-Mekhlafi Nabil Ali - - 2012
Phytochemical investigation on the leaves of Labisia pumila (Myrsinaceae), an important medicinal herb in Malaysia, has led to the isolation of 1-O-methyl-6-acetoxy-5-(pentadec-10Z-enyl)resorcinol (1), labisiaquinone A (2) and labisiaquinone B (3). Along with these, 16 known compounds including 1-O-methyl-6-acetoxy-5-pentadecylresorcinol (4), 5-(pentadec-10Z-enyl)resorcinol (5), 5-(pentadecyl)resorcinol (6), (-)-loliolide (7), stigmasterol (8), 4-hydroxyphenylethylamine (9), 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic ...
Lindenkamp Nicole - - 2012
β-Ketothiolases catalyze the first step of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [poly(3HB)] biosynthesis in bacteria by condensation of two acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) molecules to acetoacetyl-CoA and also take part in the degradation of fatty acids. During growth on propionate or valerate, Ralstonia eutropha H16 produces the copolymer poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) [poly(3HB-co-3HV)]. In R. eutropha, 15 ...
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