Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1413
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Akpek Mahmut - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Uric acid has been shown as a predictor and an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease, but little is known regarding the association of uric acid levels with coronary blood flow in STEMI. We hypothesized that elevated uric acid levels would be associated with impaired flow and perfusion ...
Neri Luca - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We assessed the relationship of increased serum uric acid levels with cardiovascular risk across levels of kidney function. STUDY DESIGN: Historical cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Study data were drawn from administrative records of a national private health insurer ...
Morgan Gareth J GJ Section of Haemato-Oncology, Institute of Cancer Research, Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. - - 2011
Bisphosphonates are the standard of care for reducing the risk of skeletal-related events in patients with bone lesions from multiple myeloma. The MRC Myeloma IX study was designed to compare the effects of zoledronic acid versus clodronic acid in newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma. Here, we report the secondary ...
Iavazzo Christos - - 2011
Abstract Background: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) remains a challenge to manage in clinical practice. Recent epidemiologic studies indicate that non-albicans Candida spp. are more resistant to conventional antifungal treatment with azoles and are considered as causative pathogens of vulvovaginal candidiasis. Methods: We searched PubMed and Scopus for studies that reported ...
Sethom M M - - 2011
This study aimed to determine plasma fatty acids pattern and to estimate desaturases activities in Tunisian subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS). A total of 1975 adults were randomly selected from the Great Tunis region (Tunisia). MetS was defined according to the International Diabetes Federation criteria. Saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids ...
Arshad Ali - - 2011
The palliative treatment of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) has undergone little advancement in the last 15 years. Novel therapies that have been investigated to extend survival have shown little benefit over existing chemotherapy regimens. Patients with APC often experience significant weight loss, which is one of the primary ...
Scaldaferri Franco - - 2011
Cholestyramine is a bile acid sequestrant, like colestipol and colesevelam. These molecules are positively charged non-digestible resins that bind to bile acids in the intestine to form an insoluble complex, which is excreted in the feces. They are used mainly for the treatment of primary hypercholesterolemia and hypercholesterolemia associated with ...
Ravi K - - 2011
Background  Exclusion of the meal during ambulatory pH monitoring presumes that a meal completely buffers gastric acid and reflux of acidic food content cannot be distinguished from gastric acid. However, the ability of a meal to completely buffer gastric acid remains unclear. Aim  To determine the effect of a weakly ...
Makay Ozer - - 2011
Preoperative and intraoperative nutrition support in patients undergoing major surgery results in decreased incidence of morbidity and mortality. Studies investigating the role of ω-3 fatty acids in these patients are increasing. Some are focused on perfusion at the cellular level. This study was undertaken to address the effect of postoperative ...
Lee John H - - 2011
Congest Heart Fail. 2011;17:199-203. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Heart failure (HF) is a growing epidemic worldwide with a particularly large presence in the United States. Nutritional assessment and supplementation is an area that can be studied to potentially improve the outcomes of these chronically ill patients. There have been ...
Majeed A - - 2011
The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the pH of 21 commercially available tooth-whitening products. Tooth-whitening products were divided into four categories: dentist supervised-home bleaching products (n = 5); in-office bleaching products (n = 5); over-the-counter bleaching products (n = 4) and whitening toothpastes and rinses (n ...
Niv Yaron - - 2011
Gastro esophageal reflux disease and ulcer related or non-ulcer dyspepsia, attacks 20% of the Western population. These millions of patients are treated continuously with PPI for different periods, many for many years. Recently, rebound acid hypersecretion was recognized as a major clinical event after cessation of PPI therapy. Sustained hypergastrinemia ...
Wu Jason H Y - - 2011
De novo lipogenesis (DNL) is an endogenous pathway whereby carbohydrates and proteins are converted to fatty acids. DNL could affect coronary heart disease (CHD) or sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) via generation of specific fatty acids. Whether these fatty acids are prospectively associated with SCA or other CHD events is unknown. ...
Gomez-Ibañez Asier - - 2011
We present a woman with epilepsy secondary to a lesion in the left frontal lobe. She developed episodes of disorientation and behavioral changes. She was taking valproic acid (1500 mg/day), topiramate (200 mg/day), and phenobarbital (100 mg/day). During an episode, the EEG revealed moderate encephalopathy and ammonia levels were increased ...
Vieira Camilo - - 2011
Vitamin B12 or cyanocobalamin is an important substance that is included in several metabolic pathways. Its deficiency is a common event after bariatric surgery, decreasing the vitamin B12 absorption after almost all of the stomach and duodenum are eliminated from the digestion process. Neurological manifestations of cyanocobalamin deficiency are not ...
Martin Camilia R - - 2011
To measure the changes in whole blood fatty acid levels in premature infants and evaluate associations between these changes and neonatal morbidities. This was a retrospective cohort study of 88 infants born at <30 weeks' gestation. Serial fatty acid profiles during the first postnatal month and infant outcomes, including chronic ...
Ito Naoto - - 2011
We previously reported that rabies virus strain CE(NiM), but not the parental Ni-CE strain, killed mice after intracerebral inoculation. CE(NiM) and Ni-CE are genetically identical except for two amino acids at positions 29 and 95 in the M protein. In this study, to identify which residue determines the pathogenicity, we ...
Grotto Rejane Maria Tommasini - - 2011
Amino acid insertions in the protease have rarely been described in HIVinfected patients. One of these insertions has recently been described in codon 35, although its impact on resistance remains unknown. This study presents a case of an HIV variant with an insertion in codon 35 of the protease, described ...
Sorice Mario - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of preoperative and postoperative therapy with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in reducing the incidence of atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. 201 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomized to 1) a control group (105 patients), ...
Amano Tetsuya - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 PUFAs) on coronary plaque instability. METHODS: Serum content of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was measured in 336 of 368 consecutive patients suspected of having coronary artery disease who underwent coronary angiography. Conventional and ...
Chen Qi - - 2011
PURPOSE: Experimental and epidemiological studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids have an antiarrhythmic effect. However, evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains controversial. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids for secondary prevention of SCD in patients with cardiovascular ...
Meng Wen-Jian - - 2011
Compound amino acid solution (CAAS) is a large class of solution of amino acids' mixture and was widely used in China. Its extensive nutritional treatment was accompanied by a substantial incidence of adverse reactions, especially life-threatening anaphylaxis. However, the adverse reactions were reported in isolated case reports only, and the ...
Kirova Youlia M - - 2011
PURPOSE: Radio-induced early skin reactions still remain a clinical challenge. Preliminary results with Hyaluronic acid, one of the most recent topical products used in this indication are proving interesting. To evaluate the efficacy of Hyaluronic acid compared to placebo. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Breast cancer patients with grade 1-2 radio-induced dermatitis ...
Son Young K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Vascular calcification (VC) scores determined by using simple plain radiographic films are known to be associated with coronary artery disease and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Omega-3 fatty acid (FA) has been shown to reduce ectopic calcifications in an animal model, and it has also been shown that ...
Uh Mitchell - - 2011
Allopurinol has been a standard hypouricemic agent for more than 40 years, but febuxostat, which is also a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, is now available. We present a case of tophaceous gout with uric acid levels that did not respond to prescription of very high doses of allopurinol or uricosuric agents. ...
Tsuruta Daisuke - - 2011
Tako-no-Suidashi ointment (TSO) is an old Japanese over-the-counter drug, used for the drainage of infectious pustular disease, such as furuncles, carbuncles and infectious atheroma, although whether it works well or not is unknown. The ingredients of the TSO compound commonly include rapeseed oil, gum rosin, wood rosin, Japanese wax, paraffin, ...
Pakarinen Toni-Karri - - 2011
To investigate the clinical efficacy of zoledronic acid in patients with diabetes and acute Charcot neuroarthropathy. Thirty-nine consecutive patients were randomly assigned to placebo or three intravenous infusions of 4 mg zoledronic acid. The primary outcome was clinical resolution of acute Charcot neuroarthropathy determined by total immobilization time (casting plus ...
Myint A M - - 2011
The association between the pro-inflammatory state of schizophrenia and increased tryptophan degradation into kynurenine has been reported. However, the relationship between metabolites from subdivisions of the kynurenine pathway, kynurenic acid and 3-hydroxykynurenine, remains unknown. The present study tested the relationship between these kynurenine metabolites in the plasma of medication-naïve (n=35) ...
Irmisch Gisela - - 2011
Patients suffering from chronic hepatitis C (CHC) may exhibit impaired liver functions such as disturbances of fatty acid storage, synthesis and degradation. Possible associations between serum fatty acid (SFA) profiles, antioxidant status and treatment response were investigated in a trans-sectional study of untreated and treated CHC patients in comparison to ...
Qiu Xin-Jian - - 2011
AIM OF THE STUDY: The prokinetic activity of ferulic acid derived from Ligusticum chuanxiong hort in the Chaihu-Shugan-San formula has been shown to be similar to Chaihu-Shugan-San, a popular traditional Chinese medicine for treating functional dyspepsia. The effects of meranzin hydrate, a compound isolated from Fructus aurantii in the Chaihu-Shugan-San ...
Vélez Díaz-Pallarés M - - 2012
Published data demonstrate a serious interaction between valproic acid and meropenem. However, recommendations about the management of concomitant treatment are contradictory; some experts recommend closer monitoring of valproic acid serum concentrations and others recommend avoiding concurrent therapy. The purpose of this study is to critically analyse the interaction and to ...
Zamilpa Ismael - - 2011
We determined whether the presence or absence of dextranomer-hyaluronic acid copolymer mounds on bladder ultrasound coincides with voiding cystourethrogram results after injection therapy in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux. We retrospectively reviewed consecutive cases of dextranomer-hyaluronic acid copolymer injection for primary vesicoureteral reflux. The primary outcome investigated was the appearance ...
Deng Kai - - 2011
For screening early-stage gastric malignancies, the existing serum biomarkers have limited sensitivity and specificity. Gastric juice biomarkers are scarce and require further investigation. We divided this study on searching potential biomarkers into four parts: (1) detection of differential fluorescence spectrum and peaks in the gastric juice from patients using fluorescence ...
Biswas Bandana - - 2011
To compare the perinatal outcome in intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) with or without oral amino acid supplementation, a randomised control trial was conducted. Out of 50 mothers having IUGR, 25 received amino acid supplementation, treated as cases (group I) and rest 25 mothers with IUGR who had not received amino ...
Gupta Ajay - - 2011
To determine the effects of parenteral omega 3 fatty acids (10% fatty acids) on respiratory parameters and outcome in ventilated patients with acute lung injury. Patients were randomized into two groups - one receiving standard isonitrogenous isocaloric enteral diet and the second receiving standard diet supplemented with parenteral omega 3 ...
Fornari Fernando F Center for Gastroenterological Research, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. - - 2011
Impedance-pH monitoring allows detailed characterization of gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal activity associated with reflux. We assessed the characteristics of nocturnal reflux and esophageal activity preceding and following reflux. Impedance-pH tracings from 11 healthy subjects and 76 patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease off acid-suppressive therapy were analyzed. Characteristics of nocturnal supine ...
Barrientos C - - 2011
Clinical Relevance Oxalic acid may offer a novel approach to improve the reduction of dentin postoperative sensitivity after placement of resin-bonded restorations.
Ulusoy Ozgür İ A - - 2013
This study aimed to compare the effects of different irrigants on root dentine microhardness, erosion and smear layer removal. A total of 72 root dentine slices were divided into six groups, according to the final irrigants used: Group 1: 17% ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) + 2.5% NaOCl, Group 2: 7% maleic acid ...
Bansal D P - - 2011
The clinical spectrum of Inhalation injury can range from mild cough to a devastating ARDS. We herewith present a patient who is a goldsmith by occupation and his work consists of dissolving gold in Hydrochloric acid. He had accidentally inhaled fumes of Hydrochloric acid and presented with cough and breathlessness, ...
Einerson Brad B Center of Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, - - 2011
To determine the impact of adjuvant ascorbic acid therapy on erythropoietin-hyporesponsive, anemic patients undergoing hemodialysis. The online databases of PubMed, Cochrane library, IPA, CINAHL, EMBASE, clinicaltrial.gov, WHO trial registry and PyschINFO were used. Studies comparing ascorbic acid to a control, with participants receiving erythropoietin and hemodialysis, and reported outcomes for ...
Krznaric Z - - 2011
Despite the well-established benefits of currently approved delayed-release proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in the treatment of acid-related diseases, the unmet needs are still present and although often frustrating, they challenge clinicians. The unmet needs relate to the lack of complete control of acid secretion with oral PPI administration in the ...
Lerotić Ivan - - 2011
Acid secretion from gastric parietal cells is a result of a complex interaction between different stimulatory and inhibitory mediators. One of the most important mediators is gastrin, which stimulates gastric acid secretion from parietal cells mostly indirectly, by the release of histamine from enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells. Therapy with antisecretory agents ...
Colson Philippe - - 2011
HCV displays considerable levels of nucleotide and amino acid diversity. Recently, the relevance of natural polymorphisms in worldwide isolates has been addressed in view of future protease inhibitor (PI)-based treatments; genotype- and subtype-specific natural polymorphisms within HCV NS3 protease were identified at amino acid sites associated either with resistance to ...
Daak A A - - 2011
The cytotoxic compound hydroxyurea (HU) is effective therapy for sickle cell disease. However, its effect on unsaturated membrane lipids is unknown. Red cell fatty acids were investigated in HU-treated (n = 19) and HU-untreated (n = 17) sickle cell patients and controls (n = 20). The HU-treated compared with the ...
Panteliou Eleftheria - - 2011
Zoledronic acid is a highly effective treatment in Paget's disease for persistent bone pain and prevention of further progression of the disease. The commonest electrolyte abnormality is hypocalcemia. To the best of our knowledge this is the first case of hyperkalemia secondary to zoledronic acid to be published in the ...
Steenblik Jacob - - 2011
The US Preventive Services Task Force has recommended daily folic acid supplementation for women planning on becoming pregnant in an effort to prevent fetal neural tube defects. We evaluated pregnant patients presenting to the emergency department to determine rates of folic acid supplementation. We surveyed a convenience sample of pregnant ...
Yamamoto Rie - - 2011
Most of the reports of oxalic acid intoxication are in cases of ethylene glycol intoxication. These symptoms are known to be central nerve system manifestations, cardiopulmonary manifestations and acute renal failure. There have been only a few reports of direct oxalic acid intoxication. However, there have been a few recent ...
Fellah Hayet - - 2011
Vitamin status and role in end stage renal disease (ESRD) is controversial. This study was aimed at assessing vitamin A, E, B12, and folic acid status in Tunisian ESRD patients and testing their predictive value for overall mortality and cardiovascular events (CVE). We examined plasma vitamin A, E, B12, and ...
Kastelein F - - 2011
Barrett's esophagus (BE) usually develops in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and therefore it has been suggested that esophageal acid exposure plays an import role in the initiation of BE and its progression towards esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The mechanisms whereby acid exposure causes BE are not completely revealed and the ...
Malfertheiner P - - 2011
Helicobacter pylori infection induces chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa and thus profoundly affects gastric physiology. In the acute phase of infection, gastric acid secretion is transiently impaired. The morphological damage of the gastric mucosa, changes in gastric hormone release, and disruption of neural pathways all contribute to influence gastric ...
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