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Results 451 - 500 of 1405
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Masini Brendan D - - 2012
This study investigates a potential site of bacterial adherence, the implant surface, comparing titanium, poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA), and composite hydroxyapatite and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA-HA) interference screws using a bioluminescent in vitro model. Interference screws of three materials, titanium (Arthrex, Naples, FL), bioabsorbable poly-L-lactic acid (BIORCI, Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA), ...
Kato Massuo Jorge - - 2012
The major secondary metabolites and fatty acids occurring in the seeds of Virola surinamensis were monitored by GC-MS during germination and seedling development. The role as carbon source for seedling development was indicated considering that both classes of compounds were similarly consumed in the seeds and that no selective consumption ...
Sajid Zahid Iqbal - - 2012
This study appraises the antioxidant and antimicrobial attributes of various solvent extracts (absolute methanol, aqueous methanol, absolute ethanol, aqueous ethanol, absolute acetone, aqueous acetone, and deionized water) from bark, leaves and seeds of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre. Maximum extraction yield of antioxidant components from bark (16.31%), leaves (11.42%) and seeds ...
Restivo J - - 2012
Carbon nanofibres (CNFs) were grown on different macrostructured supports such as cordierite monoliths, carbon felts and sintered metal fibres. The resulting composites exhibited excellent resistance to attrition/corrosion and its porosity is mainly due to mesoporous structures. The CNF/structured materials were tested in the ozonation of oxalic acid in a conventional ...
Luo Zhen-Mei - - 2012
Fuzhuan brick tea, a kind of dark tea consumed mainly in the border regions of Southwestern and Northwestern China since the 1860s, is produced from the leaves of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis by microbial fermentation. From this special fermented tea, a new norisoprenoid, 3R,9R-oxido-5-megastigmene, was isolated, together with α-linolenic acid, ...
Huang Yun-Ting - - 2012
Four new endiandric acid analogues, tsangibeilin C (1), tsangibeilin D (2), tricyclotsangibeilin (3) and endiandric acid M (4), one new lignan, beilschminol B (5) and two new sesquiterpenes, (+)-5-hydroxybarbatenal (6) and (4R,5R)-4,5-dihydroxycaryophyll-8(13)-ene (7), together with four known compounds (8-11), were isolated from the roots of Beilschmiedia tsangii (Lauraceae). The structures ...
Ma Hang - - 2012
Twelve compounds were isolated from Winged Sumac (Rhus copallinum) fruit and their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR and mass spectral data. The isolates included a new galloyl derivative, (R)-galloyl malic acid dimethyl ester (1), and eleven known compounds, gallic acid (2), methyl gallate (3), glucogallin (4), methyl ...
Yang Liu - - 2012
To study the chemical constituents of the roots of Achyranthes bidentata Bl. The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by macroporous adsorptive resin D101, silica gel, and ODS column chromatographies and preparetive HPLC. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR analyses. Two feruloyl tyramine glycosides ...
Feng Xueyang - - 2012
C-isotope labeling is a commonly used technique for determining and quantifying pathways in microorganisms under various growth conditions. The experimental protocol consists of feeding the cell with a composition-defined substrate and measuring isotopic labeling patterns in the synthesized metabolites (often the amino acids). Not only can the labeling information be ...
Touafek Ouassila - - 2012
Three long-chain unsaturated esters (1-3), a fatty acid (4), a fatty ester (5), phytone (6) and a phloroglucinol (hyperfoliatin) (7) were isolated from the light petroleum extract of the endemic species Hypericum tomentosum L. (Clusiaceae). Compound 2, 8,10,13-trimethyltetradecanoic acid (2E)-3-methylhexadec-2-enyl ester, which we named tomentosate, is reported for the first ...
Al-Majid Abdullah Mohammed A - - 2012
The synthesis of several novel chiral phosphoramidite ligands (L1-L8) with C(2) symmetric, pseudo C(2) symmetric secondary amines and chiral Brønsted acids 1a,b has been achieved. These chiral auxiliaries were obtained from commercially available d-mannitol, and secondary amines in moderate to excellent yields. Excellent diastereoselectivites of ten chiral auxiliaries were obtained. ...
Sun Wei - - 2012
Guided by a hemostasis bioassay, seven terpene glycosides were isolated from the roots of <em>Sanguisorba officinalis</em> L. by silica gel column chromatography and preparative HPLC. On the grounds of chemical and spectroscopic methods, their structures were identified as citronellol-1-<em>O</em>-α-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (<strong>1</strong>), geraniol-1-<em>O</em>-α-l-arabinofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (<strong>2</strong>), geraniol-1-<em>O</em>-α-l-arabinopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (<strong>3</strong>), 3β-[(α-l-arabinopyranosyl)oxy]-19α-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid 28-β-d-glucopyranoside (<strong>4</strong>), 3β-[(α-l-arabinopyranosyl)-oxy]-19α-hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid ...
Ono Masateru - - 2012
Three new resin glycosides, quamoclins V (1), VI (2), and VII (3) and a new tetrahydropyran derivative, quamopyran (4), were isolated from the seeds of Quamoclit pennata BOJER (Convolvulaceae). The chemical structures of these compounds were determined primarily on the basis of spectroscopic data. The carboxyl group of the aglycone, ...
Fraga Braulio M - - 2012
The biotransformation of 13a,17-dihydroxystemodane (3) with the fungus Cephalosporium aphidicola afforded 13a,17,18-trihydroxystemodane (4), 3b,13a,17-tri-hydroxystemodane (5), 13a,17-dihydroxy-stemodan-18-oic acid (6), 3b,11β,13a,17-tetra-hydroxystemodane (7), 11β,13a,17,18-tetrahydroxystemodane (8) and 3b,13a,17,18-tetra-hydroxystemodane (9). The hydroxylation at C-18 of the substrate points to a biosynthetically-directed transformation, because aphidicolin (2) is hydroxylated at this carbon. However, the C-3(b) and C-11(b) ...
Lee Duckhee - - 2012
Direct benzoylation of the two hydroxyl groups on chitosan was achieved using a phosphoryl mixed anhydride system, derived from trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA), benzoic acids (BAs), and phosphoric acid (PA). The reaction is operated as a one pot process under mild conditions that does not require neither an inert atmosphere nor ...
Tengeiji Atsushi - - 2012
We report a new method for the preparation of chiral 2-aryl-2-fluoropropanoic acids, including 2-fluoroibuprofen, a fluorinated analogue of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), by the kinetic resolution of racemic 2-aryl-2-fluoropropanoic acids using enantioselective esterification. By applying pivalic anhydride (Piv<sub>2</sub>O) as a coupling agent, bis(<em>α</em>-naphthyl)methanol [(<em>α</em>-Np)<sub>2</sub>CHOH] as an achiral alcohol, and (+)-benzotetramisole ...
Mateu Elsa - - 2012
From the stems of Croton micans Sw., five new 3,4-seco-ent-kaurene dimers: micansinoic acid (1), isomicansinoic acid (2), and the dimethyl (3), monomethyl (4) and monoethyl ester (5) of micansinoic acid were isolated. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic data interpretation, mainly 1D and 2D NMR experiments ...
Batitucci Roberta Grasselli - - 2012
The purpose of this in vitro study was to quantify the alterations on human root dentin permeability after exposure to different acid fruit juices and to evaluate the effect of toothbrushing with electric or sonic toothbrush after acid exposure. The root dentin of 50 extracted third molars was exposed with ...
Pan Wen-Juan - - 2012
Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO(2)) extraction of oil from oak silkworm pupae was performed in the present research. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the parameters of SC-CO(2) extraction, including extraction pressure, temperature, time and CO(2) flow rate on the yield of oak silkworm pupal oil (OSPO). The optimal ...
Mohammadi Z - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the in vitro effect of ascorbic acid on the antibacterial substantivity of Tetraclean in bovine root dentin pretreated with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Eighty dentin tubes prepared from bovine incisor teeth were infected with Enterococcus faecalis for 14 days. The specimens were divided ...
Noda Shuhei - - 2012
Benzoic acid is one of the most useful aromatic compounds. Despite its versatility and simple structure, benzoic acid production using microbes has not been reported previously. Streptomyces are aerobic, Gram-positive, mycelia-forming soil bacteria, and are known to produce various kinds of antibiotics composed of many aromatic residues. S. maritimus possess ...
Can Güven Selçuk - - 2012
Using a conditioning paradigm, the olfactory sensitivity of CD-1 mice for a homologous series of aliphatic n-carboxylic acids (ethanoic acid to n-octanoic acid) and several of their isomeric forms was investigated. With all 14 odorants, the animals significantly discriminated concentrations as low as 0.03 ppm (parts per million) from the ...
Kumar Rohitesh - - 2012
A new tetramic acid glycoside, aurantoside K, was isolated from a marine sponge belonging to the genus Melophlus. The structure of the compound was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis (¹H NMR, ¹H-¹H COSY, HSQC, and HMBC, as well as high-resolution ESILCMS). Aurantoside K did not show any significant ...
Gladyshev Michail I - - 2012
We studied four-link food chain, periphytic microalgae and water moss (producers), trichopteran larvae (consumers I), gammarids (omnivorous--consumers II) and Siberian grayling (consumers III) at a littoral site of the Yenisei River on the basis of three years monthly sampling. Analysis of bulk carbon stable isotopes and compound specific isotope analysis ...
Gluud Lise Lotte - - 2012
Tranexamic acid reduces haemorrhage through its antifibrinolytic effects. In a previous version of the present review, we found that tranexamic acid may reduce mortality. The present review includes updated searches of randomised trials on tranexamic acid versus placebo, cimetidine or lansoprazole. To assess the effects of tranexamic acid for upper ...
Kang Sun-Young - - 2012
The phenylpropanoid metabolites are an extremely diverse group of natural products biosynthesized by plants, fungi, and bacteria. Although these compounds are widely used in human health care and nutrition services, their availability is limited by regional variations, and isolation of single compounds from plants is often difficult. Recent advances in ...
Walker Rachel A - - 2012
Magnesian limestone is a key construction component of many historic buildings that is under constant attack from environmental pollutants notably by oxides of sulfur via acid rain, particulate matter sulfate and gaseous SO(2) emissions. Hydrophobic surface coatings offer a potential route to protect existing stonework in cultural heritage sites, however, ...
Postel Ruben - - 2012
The regulation of the acid-base balance in cells is essential for proper cellular homeostasis. Disturbed acid-base balance directly affects cellular physiology, which often results in various pathological conditions. In every living organism, the protein family of carbonic anhydrases regulate a broad variety of homeostatic processes. Here we describe the identification, ...
Jokela Jouni - - 2012
Two novel cyclic lipopeptides, anabaenolysin A and anabaenolysin B, were isolated from two benthic cyanobacterial strains of the genus Anabaena. This novel class of cyanobacterial lipopeptides has a general structure of a small peptide ring consisting of four amino acids from which two are proteinogenic and two unusual; glycine(1), glycine(2), ...
Suda Yasuo - - 2012
The structural characterization of glycolipids from Thermus thermophilus HB8 was performed in this study. Two neutral and one acidic glycolipids were extracted and purified by the modified TLC-blotting method, after which their chemical structures were determined by chemical composition analysis, mass spectrometry (MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The ...
Saeidnia Soodabeh - - 2012
The genus Salvia, with nearly 900 species, is one of the largest members of Lamiaceae family. In the Flora of Iran, the genus Salvia is represented by 58 species of which 17 species are endemic. Salvia hypoleuca Benth., is one of these species growing wildly in northern and central ...
Urato A C - - 2011
Objective:Uric acid is known to be elevated in preeclampsia. We sought to determine if uric acid levels on admission correlate with the length of expectant management in preterm patients with preeclampsia.Study Design:A retrospective chart review was conducted on singleton preeclamptic pregnancies delivered between 24 0/7 and 37 0/7 weeks' gestation ...
Out Carolien - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bile acid sequestrants (BAS) have been used for more than 50 years in the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. The last decade, bile acids are emerging as integrated regulators of metabolism via induction of various signal transduction pathways. Consequently, BAS treatment may exert unexpected side-effects. We discuss a selection ...
Achkar J-P - - 2012
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on chromosome 6p is an established risk locus for ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to better define MHC association signals in UC and CD by combining data from dense single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping and from imputation of classical human leukocyte antigen ...
Ranjitkar Sarbin - - 2012
The increasing prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in children and adults, and of "silent refluxers" in particular, increases the responsibility of dentists to be alert to this potentially severe condition when observing unexplained instances of tooth erosion. Although gastroesophageal reflux is a normal physiologic occurrence, excessive gastric and duodenal ...
Murphy Rachel A - - 2011
Abnormalities in lipid metabolism have been frequently observed in cancer and are associated with a poor prognosis. However, a detailed, longitudinal characterization of fatty acid status is lacking. This study aimed to assess plasma phospholipid fatty acids before chemotherapy, immediately after and 1 month following chemotherapy in a group of 50 ...
Trottier Jocelyn - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis are two cholestatic diseases characterised by hepatic accumulation of bile acids. AIMS: This study compares serum bile acid levels in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis and from age and sex-matched non cholestatic donors. METHODS: Seventeen bile acids were ...
Kochana Jolanta - - 2012
Amperometric tyrosinase based biosensor for benzoic acid determination with the use of a flow-batch monosegmented sequential injection system is proposed. The functioning of the biosensor is based on the inhibition effect of benzoic acid on the biocatalytic activity of tyrosinase, polyphenol oxidase. In the biosensor, tyrosinase is entrapped in titania ...
Kohlschütter Alfried - - 2011
Refsum disease is a genetic progressive neurological disorder caused by neurotoxic phytanic acid, a nutritional component patients are unable to metabolize. Symptoms include retinopathy, polyneuropathy, ataxia, and deafness. They are variable and rarely recognized before adulthood. The authors report the case of a 14-year-old girl diagnosed because of night blindness. ...
Hoshino Masato - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate the role of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) length and pressure on acid exposure with high-resolution manometry (HRM). After Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database identified patients who had undergone HRM and 24-hour pH studies. Abdominal LES ...
Li Xingong - - 2011
Polylactic acid/bamboo fibers (PLA/BF) composites, which are extremely flammable, must be carried out fire-retardant processing. However, traditional organic flame retardants release certain amount of pollutant to the environment, and inorganic flame retardants require more addition, which influenced the mechanical properties of composites. Therefore, nano inorganic flame retardants, which have some ...
Valiante Flavio - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Bowel preparation is critical for the efficacy and safety of colonoscopy. Poor patient tolerance to bowel preparation has been associated with the high amount of fluid administered. A 2-L polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution containing ascorbic acid has been recently developed. AIMS: To compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of ...
Kumar Saurabh - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with a high risk of recurrence after electrical cardioversion. OBJECTIVE: We examined if long-term supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in fish oils commenced > 1 month prior to electrical cardioversion and continued thereafter reduces the recurrence of persistent AF. METHODS: This was ...
Dolder Christian R - - 2011
Valproic acid is widely used in the treatment of behavioral disturbances in patients with dementia; however, there is uncertainty about its dosing and studies have reported mixed findings. The current article examines published trials of valproic acid in the treatment of patients with dementia to identify whether an optimal dosing ...
Hadji P - - 2011
The ROSE study compared annual infusion with zoledronic acid and weekly generic alendronate. No significant differences in quality of life or health status between treatment groups were observed. Adherence to alendronate during the study was high, with 80.9% of patients achieving adequate adherence. INTRODUCTION: A secondary analysis to evaluate quality ...
Oshima T - - 2011
Background  The mechanisms of the development of symptoms in functional dyspepsia (FD) patients have not been fully elucidated. We previously reported that acid directly infused into the stomach causes dyspeptic symptoms in asymptomatic healthy controls (HCs); however, the response to acid infusion of FD patients was not determined. Aim  To ...
Barril Célia - - 2012
The impact of the combined ascorbic acid and sulfur dioxide antioxidants on white wine oxidation processes was investigated using a range of analytical techniques, including flow injection analysis for free and total sulfur dioxide and two chromatographic methods for ascorbic acid, its oxidative degradation products and phenolic compounds. The combination ...
López-Alarcón Mardia - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze cytokine responses and the clinical course of septic neonates orally supplemented with docosahexaenoic acid as well as to evaluate fatty acid incorporation into leukocytes. METHODS: A quasiexperimental study was conducted in neonates who developed sepsis following a surgical procedure. Selected neonates were randomly assigned to receive 100 ...
An W S - - 2011
Erythrocyte membrane fatty acids (FA), such as oleic acid, are related to acute coronary syndrome. There is no report about the effect of omega-3 FA on oleic acid in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We hypothesized that omega-3 FA can modify erythrocyte membrane FA, including oleic acid, in PD patients. In ...
Chen Zhuo-Jia - - 2011
Valproic acid (VPA) is a well-established anticonvulsant drug that has been increasingly used in the treatment of many forms of generalized epilepsy. Although there are many reports of adverse effects of VPA, studies focusing on the concentration-response relationships of VPA and its metabolites in patients with epilepsy are extremely limited. ...
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