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Results 301 - 350 of 756
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Cho Young Shin - - 2005
We describe herein the stereo-controlled, large-scale synthesis of peracetylated GM2 glycosylamino acid. Key features of the synthesis include a newly modified [1+3] coupling reaction and an olefin cross-metathesis-hydrogenation sequence. The GM2 glycosylamino acid is now ready for incorporation into a hexavalent prostate cancer vaccine construct.
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2005
The antifungal, naturally occurring acetylenic fatty acid 6-nonadecynoic acid was synthesized in three steps (18 % overall yield), for the first time starting with commercially available 1-tetradecyne. The synthesis developed herein will facilitate the further study of the antifungal properties of this naturally occurring acetylenic fatty acid. The 6-nonadecynoic acid ...
Sandberg Maria B - - 2005
High concentrations of glucose induce de novo fatty acid synthesis in pancreatic beta-cells and chronic exposure of elevated glucose and fatty acids synergize to induce accumulation of triglycerides, a phenomenon termed glucolipotoxicity. Here we investigate the role of sterol-regulatory element binding proteins in glucose-induced lipogenesis in the pancreatic beta-cell line ...
Gansäuer Andreas - - 2005
A modular synthesis of functional titanocenes featuring building blocks is described. The approach allows straightforward access to large numbers of structurally diverse titanocenes that are pertinent for catalysis, structural studies, and bioinorganic chemistry. Among the functional groups introduced are amino acids, sugars, and fluorescence labels that are attached to the ...
Lowpetch Kreingkrai - - 2005
L- and D-Amino acids which are stereoselectively labelled solely either in the 3-pro-R or in the 3-pro-S-positions have been prepared by a relatively short chemical synthesis in ee of 81 to 86%. This involves Sharpless' aminohydroxylation and cyclisation with inversion of stereochemistry at C-2 to give the stereoselectively labelled D- ...
Drasar Pavel - - 2005
Linear oligoesters based on etienic acid (3beta-hydroxyandrost-5-ene-17beta-carboxylic acid) containing four steroid units were prepared using a 2+2 synthetic strategy in a successful synthesis of 3beta-{[3beta-({3beta-[(3beta-hydroxyandrost-5-ene-17beta-carbonyl)oxy]androst-5-ene-17beta-carbonyl}oxy)androst-5-ene-17beta-carbonyl]oxy}androst-5-ene-17beta-carboxylic acid. The main problems with deprotection were overcome by using orthogonal groups as O-nitrates and 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethyl ethers.
Gupta Sharad - - 2005
[reaction: see text] The synthesis of a new pipecolic acid-based bis-amino acid building block 1 (and 2) is presented. Assembly of this monomer into a spiro ladder oligomer 3 utilizing solid-phase synthesis followed by in situ activation by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and N-hydroxysuccinimide has been demonstrated. The structure of oligomer 3, determined ...
Zhao Hong - - 2005
The oligonucleotide (oligo, ODN), Genasense (GS), an ODN currently waiting for FDA approval, was chosen as a model and modified with a 5' or 3' aminohexyl functionality (1 and 4, respectively) using solid-state synthesis. These amino derivatives were reacted with different releasable PEGs (rPEGs). The in vitro results of the ...
Gouin Sebastien G - - 2005
Glucose-O-omega-palmitic acid is an amphipathic molecule that is useful as a tool for studying the mechanism of mitochondrial uncoupling proteins. The synthesis of this glycolipid is described herein. The study of the reaction of a series of glycosyl donors with appropriate acceptors derived from 16-hydroxyhexadecanoic acid showed that a glycosyl ...
Somers E - - 2005
An antimicrobial compound was isolated from Azospirillum brasilense culture extracts by high-performance liquid chromatography and further identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as the auxin-like molecule, phenylacetic acid (PAA). PAA synthesis was found to be mediated by the indole-3-pyruvate decarboxylase, previously identified as a key enzyme in indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production ...
Pleite Rafael - - 2005
The provision of carbon substrates and reducing power for fatty acid synthesis in the heterotrophic plastids of developing embryos of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) has been investigated. Profiles of oil and storage protein accumulation were determined and embryos at 17 and 24 days after anthesis (DAA) were selected to represent ...
Matsushita Takahiko - - 2005
Coupling of glycosylated Fmoc-Thr or Fmoc-Ser with N-terminal amino acids on a resin proceeded smoothly under microwave irradiation for 20 min with much higher efficiency (98% yield per coupling) than found in more general conditions. Compared with a conventional protocol, the present method greatly reduces the time required for solid-phase ...
Lehmler Hans-Joachim - - 2005
In the past years there has been a growing interest in fluorinated persistent organic pollutants such as perfluorooctanesulfonic acid, perfluorooctanesulfonamides, perfluorinated carboxylic acids and fluorotelomer alcohols. Although these compounds have probably been present in the environment for many decades, we are only now beginning to realize that these environmental contaminants ...
García-Fortanet Jorge - - 2005
Herein, we propose a modular and general strategy to construct orcinol-type depsides based on the photolysis of functionalized benzodioxinones (I). Notably, resorcinylic esters are obtained without competing isocoumarin (II) formation, exemplified by the first total synthesis of gustastatin in 10 steps from commercially available trihydroxybenzoic acid. [Structure: see text]
Lattmann Eric - - 2005
Starting from the mucohalogen acids 1a and b 5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanones 2a-h have been prepared and tested. These novel 4-amino-5-hydroxy 2(5H)-furananones have shown a broad antibiotic activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 in the micromolar range. A one step synthesis from mucohalogen acids towards ...
Mahadevan Anu - - 2005
Recent advances in the synthesis of endocannabinoid-related ligands for the period 2001-2004 are covered in this review. During this period the first solid phase synthesis of anandamide (AEA) analogs was developed, which allows modification at both the head group and the end pentyl chain. Synthesis of water-soluble prodrugs of noladin ...
Zhuravel Irina O - - 2005
The parallel solution-phase synthesis of a new combinatorial library of 3-[4-(R1-coumarin-3-yl)-1,3-thiazol-2-ylcarbamoyl]propanoic acid amides 9 has been developed. The synthesis involves two steps: 1) the synthesis of core building blocks - 3- [4-(coumarin-3-yl)-1,3-thiazol-2-ylcarbamoyl]propanoic acids, 6 - by the reaction of 3-(omega-bromacetyl)coumarins 1 with 3-amino(thioxo)methylcarbamoylpropanoic acid (5); 2) the synthesis of the ...
Battaglia Arturo - - 2004
A straightforward two-step methodology of synthesis of optically active (2R)-substituted norstatines via addition of N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-substituted aldimines to (2S)-chiral enolates of 1,3-dioxolan-4-ones has been developed. In particular, the use of the natural (2S)-malic acid is examined for the synthesis of potential GABAergic spirocyclic gamma-lactams.
Hutchings David - - 2005
The potential role of the plastidial oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (OPPP) in providing the NADPH for fatty acid synthesis in plastids from developing embryos of Brassica napus (L.) has been investigated. Measurements of distributions of enzyme activities in fractions obtained from homogenates of isolated embryos have revealed that the glucose ...
Kumar G S Vinod - - 2004
A high swelling resin, CLPSER has been developed and utilized for the solid phase synthesis of Pardaxin, which is an 18-residue peptide. The resin was characterized by gel phase (13)C NMR, IR and SEM. The utility of the new polymer support in polypeptide synthesis was further established by the comparative ...
Jaramillo David - - 2004
New and higher yielding synthetic routes to N-protected N-methylpyrrole and N-methylimidazole amino acids are introduced to circumvent difficulties associated with established schemes. Key steps in each synthesis include copper-mediated cross-coupling reaction to directly install a carbamate-protected 4-amine in the N-methylpyrrole derivative and effective nitration followed by a one-pot reduction/Boc protection ...
Hashimoto Makoto - - 2004
The synthesis of trifluoromethyl diazirine with a stable isotope tag is reported. We found that both Friedel-Crafts acylation and reduction of aryl carbonyl to methylene, using commercially available stable-isotope reagents, were utilized for the synthesis of diazirinyl fatty acid derivatives. The stable isotope labeled diazirine may be valuable for identifying ...
Chrétien Michelle N - - 2004
Fluorescein (2-(6-hydroxy-3-oxo-(3H)-xanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid) has been prepared inside the pores of zeolite-Y via ship-in-a-bottle synthesis. Fluorescein, whose dimensions prevent it from entering through the approximately 7 A windows of the faujasite zeolite used, was prepared by the acid-catalyzed reaction of resorcinol and phthalic anhydride. In this article we report initial spectroscopic ...
Bejugam Mallesham - - 2004
[reaction: see text] Chemical glycopeptide synthesis requires access to gram quantities of glycosylated amino acid building blocks. Hence, the efficiency of synthesis of such building blocks is of great importance. Here, we report a fast and highly efficient synthetic route to Fmoc-protected asparaginyl glycosides from unprotected sugars in three steps ...
Vayaboury W - - 2004
This paper reports on an original process to synthesize N-carboxyanhydrides, which consists of nitrosating N-carbamoylamino acids with a NO/O(2) gas mixture in acetonitrile. The synthesis of several N-carbamoylamino acids of L-lysine was described using potassium cyanate in water. The latter were then nitrosated to yield the corresponding NCA with more ...
Usami Yoshihide - - 2004
Synthesis of the epimer of pericosine B from (-)-quinic acid was achieved. This synthesis involves some regioselective and stereoselective processes. The desired product showed lower cytotoxic activity in comparison with natural pericosine B against the P388 leukemia cell line. The result implies that the stereocenter of C-6 in natural pericosine ...
You Shu-Li - - 2004
[reaction: see text] The solid-phase assembly of heterocyclic amino acids enabled the total synthesis of numerous diastereoisomers of tenuecyclamides A-D, establishing or correcting the stereochemistry of each natural product. This strategy provides a very efficient route to synthesize thiazole- and oxazole-containing macrolactams from heterocyclic amino acids that are readily prepared ...
Villard Anne-Laure - - 2004
A new acid-labile, fluorous-tagged protecting group that facilitates the preparation of carboxamides and sulfonamides by parallel solution-phase synthesis is introduced. Its use is exemplified by the preparation of a 27-member library of biaryl sulfonamides and an 18-member library of biaryl carboxamides. Intermediates were purified by solid-phase extraction over reversed-phase fluorous ...
Elliott Mark C - - 2004
Application of a diastereoselective three-component coupling to the bicyclic core of the batzelladine alkaloids is described. The synthesis features the elaboration of glutamic acid by use of Eschenmoser sulfide contraction. An earlier approach is also included, which shows some limitations of dithiane chemistry when applied to the particular compounds required ...
Kubis Sybille E - - 2004
The plastidial phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)/phosphate translocator (PPT) is expressed in the developing embryos of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). PEP can be imported by plastids isolated from embryos and used for fatty acid synthesis at rates that are sufficient to account for one-third of the rate of fatty acid synthesis in ...
Pettit George R - - 2004
A previously synthesized unit of dolastatin 10 (1), dolaphenine (Doe, 3), was converted in four steps to tripeptide 10. Subsequent condensation with carboxylic acid 11 (four steps from Meldrum's acid) provided a practical synthesis of the cancer cell growth inhibitor dolastatin 18 (2, Dhex-(S)-Leu-(R)-N-Me-Phe-Doe). The synthesis of dolastatin 18 (2) ...
Yoshioka Toshiaki - - 2004
The nonmevalonate pathway is widely found in higher plants and in many eubacteria, including pathogenic ones, but not in mammals. Identifying a nonmevalonate pathway inhibitor would greatly contribute to the search for new herbicides and antibacterial drugs to treat, for example, malaria. We describe here the synthesis of (3R,4S)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-4-methylpentylphosphonic acid ...
Lorenz Katrin B - - 2004
A synthesis of novel analogues of triostin A presenting two identical or different nucleobases instead of the original quinoxaline substituents has been developed. The DNA bisintercalator triostin A (1) with its rigid backbone provides an optimal scaffold for a parallel preorganization of the intercalating moieties. The bicyclic octadepsipeptide is built ...
Heinrich Timo - - 2004
A major metabolite of the potential antidepressant vilazodone formed in rat, dog, monkey and human liver microsomes is the 5-cyano-6-hydroxy-1H-indole derivative. For the construction of the salicyl-like substituted indole we adapted a synthesis of carmoxirole using Japp-Klingemann type Fischer-indole synthesis protocols. Functional group interconversion of carboxylic acid via carboxamide into ...
Pederson Erik N - - 2004
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) granules with core-shell layered microstructure were synthesized in Ralstonia eutropha using periodic feeding of valeric acid into a growth medium containing excess fructose. The O2 consumption and CO2 evolution rates, determined by off-gas mass spectrometry, have been used as sensitive measures to indicate the type of nutrients utilized ...
Georgiadis Taxiarchis M - - 2004
Monoamides of oxalic acid are of interest as bioisosteric replacements for phosphate groups in the design of new enzyme inhibitors. Here, we have demonstrated the use of oxalic acid as a linker to the Wang resin to synthesize individual or libraries of phosphate biosteres. The highly reactive resin-bound acid chloride ...
Gregar Travis Q - - 2004
N-Fluoren-9-ylmethoxycarbonyl-protected sugar amino acids derived from alpha-O-methoxy- and 2,3-dehydroneuraminic acids have been prepared. Incorporation of these monomer units into solid-phase synthesis led to the efficient synthesis of two series of oligomers varying from one to eight units in length. The (1-->5)-linked amides of 2,3-dehydroneuraminic acid were further subjected to hydrogenation ...
Harvey Ronald G - - 2004
A convenient new synthesis of the ubiquitous environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is described. In the key step, the method entails Suzuki coupling of naphthalene 2-boronic acid with 2-bromobenzene-1,3-dialdehyde and requires only three steps. It is considerably shorter and simpler than the older methods and provides BaP in higher overall yield.
Ying Laiqiang - - 2004
The synthesis of 10 N-(fluoren-9-ylmethoxycarbonyl)glycopyranosylamine uronic acids that are amenable to solid-phase synthesis is described. The general synthetic strategy involves initial incorporation of the protected amine, followed by selective TEMPO oxidation of C-6 hydroxyl groups to give the corresponding Fmoc-protected sugar amino acids. Amine incorporation may be accomplished from aminolysis ...
Sanclimens Glòria - - 2004
Second-generation dendrimers have been prepared on solid phase by successive additions of branched polyproline building blocks starting from two different branching units anchored to the solid support. The preparation of Pro-rich building blocks was carried out by stepwise solid-phase synthesis and their iterative addition was performed by a convergent approach, ...
Umemoto Tadashi - - 2004
A novel method for the synthesis of oligoribonucleotides has been developed by the use of 1-(2-cyanoethoxy)ethyl (CEE) as a 2'-hydroxy protecting group. The CEE group was introduced to the 2'-position of an N-acyl-3',5'-O-silyl protected ribonucleoside under acidic conditions. A combination of the use of N-acyl and 2'-O-CEE protecting groups enables ...
De Paolis Michaël - - 2003
Synthesis of tetrahydroisoquinoline with a 1,4-bridged 10-membered sulfur containing macrolactone (5) is described. Phenolic aldolisation, Pictet-Spengler cyclisation of an acid sensitive amino diol under newly developed conditions (LiBr, toluene-TFE, 80 degrees C) and acid promoted intramolecular C-S bond formation leading to a 10-membered cycle are key steps of our synthesis.
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2003
The recently discovered marine fatty acid (+/-)-2-methoxy-13-methyltetradecanoic acid was synthesized for the first time in six steps (26% overall yield) starting from commercially available methyl 12-methyltridecanoate. The synthetic approach provided enough material to corroborate the structure of the acid, which was recently identified in the sponge Amphimedon complanata from Aguadilla, ...
Mann Enrique - - 2003
[structure: see text] The synthesis of a new family of densely functionalized oxazole-containing amino acids is described. These building blocks were employed for preparing macrocycles containing Lys and Glu residues by a combination of solid- and solution-phase synthesis. The resulting structures are presented as orthogonally protected scaffolds for supramolecular chemistry.
Phetsuksiri Benjawan - - 2003
The thiourea isoxyl (thiocarlide; 4,4'-diisoamyloxydiphenylthiourea) is known to be an effective anti-tuberculosis drug, active against a range of multidrug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and has been used clinically. Little was known of its mode of action. We now demonstrate that isoxyl results in a dose-dependent decrease in the synthesis of ...
Mogemark Mickael - - 2003
A route for solid-phase synthesis of the alpha-Gal epitopes Gal(alpha1-3)Gal(beta1-4)Glc and Gal(alpha1-3)Gal(beta1-4)GlcNAc is described. These trisaccharide antigens are responsible for hyperacute rejection in xenotransplantation of porcine organs. Optimization of the solid-phase synthesis relied on use of fluorinated protective groups for the carbohydrate building blocks and use of a fluorinated linker. ...
Laganas Valerie - - 2003
Previous studies have suggested that lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis inhibition is the mechanism of action of daptomycin. In this investigation, daptomycin inhibited all macromolecular synthesis in Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, and Enterococcus hirae without kinetic or dose specificity for lipoteichoic acid. Daptomycin remained bactericidal in the absence of ongoing lipoteichoic acid ...
Tang Ganghua - - 2003
A fully automated synthesis of O-(3-[18F]fluoropropyl)-L-tyrosine (FPT), an amino acid tracer for tumor imaging with positron emission tomography, is described. FPT was prepared by a two-step reaction sequence. Direct nucleophilic fluorination substitution of [18F]fluoride with 1,3-di(4-methylphenylsulfonyloxy)propane on a quaternary 4-(4-methylpiperidinyl)pyridinium functionalized polystyrene anion exchange resin, followed by [18F]fluoro-1-(4-methylphenylsulfonyloxy)propane yielded FPT. ...
González Maritza - - 2003
Cefdinir, a broad spectrum third-generation cephalosporin for oral administration, was prepared by the following synthetic pathway: synthesis of diphenylmethyl 7beta-amino-3-vinyl-3-cephem-4-carboxylate hydrochloride from 7-aminocephalosporanic acid (7-ACA), preparation of sodium 2-(2-tritylaminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-(tritylhydroxyimino) acetate from ethyl acetoacetate, coupling of both intermediaries to obtain diphenylmethyl 7beta-[2-(2-tritylaminothiazol-4-yl)-(Z)-2-tritylhydroxyimino-3-vinyl-3-cephem-4-carboxylate and final cleavage of trityl and diphenylmethyl protective groups. ...
Caron Stéphane - - 2003
The synthesis of 6-chloro-2-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-1H-indol-3-ylacetic acid (1), a selective cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor, is described. The synthesis relied on a novel indole formation that involved an alkylation/1,4-addition/elimination/isomerization cascade. It was demonstrated that the entire sequence from sulfonamide 13 and bromoketone 14 to the desired indole (1) could be executed in a ...
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