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Results 251 - 300 of 754
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Traina Christopher A - - 2007
Rare earth ion-doped yttrium oxide (Y2O3) nanocrystals are nontoxic and can be prepared as upconversion materials for cellular imaging, but they do not suspend well in water. In contrast to their tendency to dissolve in acidic media, yttria (Y2O3) nanoparticles readily react with phosphonic acids to give phosphonate-bonded yttria particles. ...
Morisseau Christophe - - 2007
The human soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH; EC 3.3.3.2) is the product of the EXPH2 gene. The sEH catalyzes the addition of a water molecule to an epoxide, resulting in the corresponding diol. Early work suggested a role of sEH in detoxifying a wide array of xenobiotic epoxides; however, recent findings ...
Lee Hyunil - - 2007
Synthesis of self-activated peptide nucleic acid (PNA) monomers and an efficient method for PNA synthesis using a benzothiazole-2-sulfonyl (Bts) group as an amine-protecting group as well as an acid-activating group are reported. Couplings were complete within 120 min, and the deprotection was performed in 10 min. This Bts strategy provides ...
Pfeffer Jan - - 2007
We report here a two-step process for the high-yield enzymatic synthesis of 2-monoacylglycerides (2-MAG) of saturated as well as unsaturated fatty acids with different chain lengths. The process consists of two steps: first the unselective esterification of fatty acids and glycerol leading to a triacylglyceride followed by an sn1,3-selective alcoholysis ...
Jian Ya-Jun - - 2007
The newly isolated bacterial FAS II inhibitor phomallenic acid C (3) was synthesized for the first time as a 16:1 mixture of the (R)- and (S)-isomer with the diyne-allene motif constructed using a coupling under Negishi conditions. By comparison with the synthetic sample, the natural phomallenic acid C was estimated ...
Smith Amos B AB - - 2007
A first-generation strategy for construction of (+)-nodulisporic acids A (1) and B (2) is described. The strategy entails union of the eastern and western hemisphere subtargets via the indole synthesis protocol developed in our laboratory. Subsequent elaboration of rings E and F, however, revealed the considerable acid instability of the ...
Teng Bao - - 2007
The technetium-99m-labeling and synthesis of a series of thymidine analogs were studied. The target molecules were obtained by using 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid (HYNIC) as a bifunctional coupling agent and using N-(2-hydroxy-1,1-bis(hydroxymethyl)ethyl)glycine (tricine) and ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid (EDDA) as coligands. The effects of different spacers between thymidine analog with HYNIC on radiochemical yield ...
Tremblay Sébastien - - 2007
An automated, one-pot radio-synthesis module for the routine preparation of 1-[(11)C]acetoacetic acid has been developed. The enolate anion of acetone was reacted with [(11)C]CO(2) in tetrahydrofuran (THF), followed by hydrolysis and purification by ion-exchange chromatography. The total synthesis time was 18 min and radiochemical yield was 34% after decay correction. ...
Yuan Xuejun X Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180, - - 2007
The Neu5Acalpha(2,8)Neu5Ac disaccharide is an important constituent of tumor related antigen, however, the O-linkage is catabolically unstable. Vaccination with a catabolically stable sialic acid C-glycoside analog might enhance immunogenicity. The synthesis of Neu5Ac nor-C-disaccharide 20R/S, corresponding to versatile precursors of C-analogs of oligosialic acid and gangliosides, is reported. The synthesis ...
Fisk Jason S - - 2007
The assembly of structurally diverse scaffolds via substrate controlled diversity oriented synthesis (DOS) has proven to be an effective tool in the discovery of novel biologically important compounds. This tutorial review aims to summarize some of the more recent applications of oxazolones as a general template for the stereoselective syntheses ...
Guranowski Andrzej - - 2007
Jasmonate:amino acid synthetase (JAR1) is involved in the function of jasmonic acid (JA) as a plant hormone. It catalyzes the synthesis of several JA-amido conjugates, the most important of which appears to be JA-Ile. Structurally, JAR1 is a member of the firefly luciferase superfamily that comprises enzymes that adenylate various ...
Agarwal Hitesh Kumar - - 2007
Reported solution-phase methods for the synthesis of 3'-fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (FLT) are cumbersome, require purification of intermediates, and include several protecting/deprotecting steps. To circumvent these problems, a solid-phase strategy was designed for the synthesis of FLT. Thymidine was immobilized on trityl resin via the 5'-hydroxyl group. The subsequent mesylation of the free ...
Awasthi Neeraj Praphulla - - 2007
Ammonolysis of fatty acids to the corresponding fatty acid amides is efficiently catalysed by Candida antartica lipase (Novozym 435). In the present paper lipase-catalysed synthesis of erucamide by ammonolysis of erucic acid and urea in organic solvent medium was studied and optimal conditions for fatty amides synthesis were established. In ...
Yan Hongbin - - 2007
We herein report a convenient synthesis of 3',5'-cyclic diguanylic acid via the modified H-phosphonate approach. The 1-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-ethoxypiperidin-4-yl (Cpep) group was used as protecting group for the 2'-hydroxy functions of ribonucleosides. Complete unblocking of the fully protected 3',5'-cyclic diguanylic acid gave cdiGMP as a homogeneous compound in an excellent yield.
Yamamoto Naoki - - 2007
This paper describes synthesis of asparagine-linked sialylglycopeptides. The typical feature of our strategy for the synthesis of a sialylglycopeptide is to employ undecadisialyloligosaccharyl Fmoc-asparagine (Fmoc-Asn(CHO)-OH) 1 without protecting groups on its hydroxyl groups except for the benzyl ester of the NeuAc residues. Our synthetic methodology solved the problem of esterification ...
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2007
An improved synthesis for the (Z)-14-methyl-9-pentadecenoic acid was developed based on the appropriate use of (trimethylsilyl)acetylene as the key reagent in the synthesis. The reported synthesis started with commercially available 8-bromo-1-octanol and furnished the desired acid in seven steps and in a 16% overall yield, a significant improvement over the ...
Khan Shoeb I - - 2007
An efficient synthesis of a thymidine boranophosphoramidate prodrug was accomplished using a phosphoramidite approach in high yield. This new class of compounds is designed to have improved antiviral and anticancer advantages conferred by combining the boranophosphate and normal nucleoside amino acid phosphoramidate. Compounds were characterized by MS and 31P NMR.
Adibekian Alexander - - 2007
An efficient de novo synthesis of uronic acid building blocks is described. The synthetic strategy relies on the stereoselective elongation of thioacetal protected dialdehydes 12 a and 17. The dialdehydes are prepared from D-xylose, a cheap and commercially available source. A highly stereoselective MgBr(2)OEt(2)-mediated Mukaiyama aldol addition to C4-aldehyde 12 ...
Dixon Seth M - - 2007
An efficient, multigram synthesis of a spiroisoxazolinoproline-based amino acid, 7, requiring minimal purification, delivering good cis:trans diastereoselectivity (approximately 1:4), and providing good yields is reported. Surface-bound studies of the reduction of an arylnitro group in the presence of an isoxazoline ring with tin(II) dichloride dihydrate were undertaken to confirm the ...
Wang Yi - - 2007
The mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) chelator has been shown to stably complex technetium-99m (99mTc) for nuclear imaging and radiorhenium (186/188Re) for tumor radiation therapy studies. The bifunctional N-hydroxysuccinimidyl ester of MAG3 with S-acetyl protection (N-hydroxysuccinimidyl S-acetylmercaptoacetyltriglycinate (NHS-MAG3)) has been successfully used to covalently conjugate a MAG3 chelator to primary amine functionalized biomolecules. ...
Xiao Nu N Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, - - 2007
An efficient method for the enantioselective synthesis of (2R, 3S)- and (2S, 3R)-4,4,4-trifluoro-N-Fmoc-O-tert-butyl-threonine on multigram scales was developed. Absolute configurations of the two stereoisomers were ascertained by X-ray crystallography. Racemization-free coupling conditions for the incorporation of tfT into oligopeptides were then explored. For solution-phase synthesis, tfT racemization was not an ...
Mulkiewicz E - - 2007
The acute biological activity of a homologous series of perfluorinated carboxylic acids - perfluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA) and perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA) - was studied. To analyze the potential risk of the perfluorinated acids to humans and the environment, different in vitro toxicity ...
Karskela Tuomas - - 2006
A method for solid-supported synthesis of N,N-disubstituted (3H-imidazo[2,1-i]purin-7-yl)methyl amines has been developed. The key features of this library synthesis are: (i) immobilization of commercially available N6-benzoyl-5'-O-(4,4'-dimethoxytrityl)-2'-deoxyadenosine 3'-(2-cyanoethyl N,N-diisopropylphosphoramidite) by phosphitylation to a hydroxyl-functionalized support, (ii) quantitative conversion of the deprotected adenine base to 3H-imidazo[2,1-i]purine-7-carbaldehyde with bromomalonaldehyde in DMF in the ...
Durow Amanda C - - 2006
[Structure: see text] Two approaches to the synthesis of (2S,4S)-5,5-dichloroleucine are compared, and the parent amino acid was used in the first total synthesis of the polychlorinated marine natural product, dysamide B. A key step was the lead tetraacetate-mediated decarboxylation of an alpha,alpha-dichloro acid in the presence of 1,4-cyclohexadiene to ...
ter Horst Bjorn - - 2007
The first catalytic asymmetric total synthesis of mycocerosic acid was achieved via the application of iterative enantioselective 1,4-addition reactions and allows for the efficient construction of 1,3-polymethyl arrays with full stereocontrol; further exemplified by the synthesis of tetramethyl-decanoic acid, a component of the preen-gland wax of the graylag goose, Anser ...
Timmer Mattie S M - - 2006
The de novo synthesis of an aceric acid thioglycoside building block and the total synthesis of the plant carbohydrate aceric acid are described via a highly convergent strategy. Aldol reaction of acetaldehyde and a protected tartaric acid derivative provided the open chain carbohydrate. Subsequent acid treatment yielded the aceric acid ...
Lewer Paul - - 2006
Several Penicillia and one Tricothecium strain produced a new, insecticidally active member of the cycloaspeptide family, with the proposed name cycloaspeptide E (1). The structure, which was determined on the basis of spectroscopic (NMR, UV, MS) data and Marfey amino acid analysis, was the tyrosine desoxy version of cycloaspeptide A ...
Bauer Jörg - - 2006
The first synthesis of a glycolipid library by hydrophobically assisted switching phase (HASP) synthesis is described. HASP synthesis enables flexible switching between solution-phase steps and solid-supported reactions conducted with molecules attached to a hydrophobic silica support. A library of glycolipids derived from the lead compound 1-a strongly immunostimulatory rhamnolipid--with variations ...
Caputo R - - 2007
A procedure for the synthesis of enantiopure beta3-amino acids from proteinogenic alpha-amino acids, developed by our group a few years ago, has been modified to enable the production of C-2 fully deuterated, C-protected beta3-amino acids and, even more important, the synthesis of valuable deuterium labelled N(Boc)-protected chiral synthons, such as ...
Lee Soo Hee - - 2006
All eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms are thought to synthesize fatty acids using a type I or type II synthase. In addition, eukaryotes extend pre-existing long chain fatty acids using microsomal elongases (ELOs). We have found that Trypanosoma brucei, a eukaryotic human parasite that causes sleeping sickness, uses three elongases instead ...
Mizuno Mikihisa - - 2006
A 93% high-yield synthesis of well-dispersed, colorless zirconium dioxide (ZrO(2)) nanocrystals is reported. In this synthesis, hydrolysis and condensation reactions of zirconium(IV) tert-butoxide in the presence of oleic acid (100 degrees C) formed ZrO(2) precursors. The ZrO(2) precursors were made of -Zr-O-Zr- networks surrounded by oleic acid molecules. Annealing (280 ...
Kellersmann C - - 2006
Three approaches for the synthesis of octadecadienoic acids with conjugated double bond systems are presented: synthesis of (10Z, 12Z)-octadecadienoic acid via an enyne-substructure; the use of an educt with a conjugated double bond system for the synthesis of (10E, 12E)-octadecadienoic acid; and the Suzuki cross coupling for the synthesis of ...
Yoshida Yayoi - - 2006
1-Pentyl, 1-hexyl and 1-heptyl ferulates were continuously synthesized at 60-90 degrees C using a reactor system in which a column packed with ferulic acid powders and another column packed with immobilized Candida antarctica lipase particles were connected in series. Conversions greater than 0.9 were achieved for the synthesis of the ...
Mulholland Nicholas P - - 2006
A concise and straightforward 14-step total synthesis of (+/-)-salinosporamide A, based on a diastereoselective acid-catalysed intramolecular cyclisation of to the pyrrolidinone , and a regioselective reduction of the malonate derivative 8b to the aldehyde 9, is described.
Ptaszek Marcin - - 2006
1-Formyldipyrromethanes are versatile precursors to porphyrins and chlorins. Two methods of synthesis of 1-formyldipyrromethanes have been investigated: (1) Vilsmeier formylation followed by selective removal of the unwanted 1,9-diformyldipyrromethane by dialkyltin complexation and (2) reaction with mesitylmagnesium bromide (MesMgBr) followed by formylation with phenyl formate. The two approaches are complementary (acidic ...
Smith Amos B AB - - 2006
[reaction: see text] Construction of the highly strained CDEF parent tetracycle, a structural motif found only in the potent ectoparasiticidal agents (+)-nodulisporic acids A and B and related congeners, has been achieved via a new modular indole synthesis, exploiting a sequential Stille cross-coupling/Buchwald-Hartwig union/cyclization tactic. The new indole synthesis holds ...
Moumne Roba - - 2006
Development of new methods for the synthesis of beta-amino acids is important as polymers of these compounds are promising peptidomimetic candidates in medicinal chemistry. We report here our findings on a new and highly efficient general strategy for the synthesis of beta2-amino acids by homologation of alpha-amino acids, involving the ...
Lee Gia-Sheu - - 2006
Using Novozym 435 as catalyst, the syntheses of ethyl ferulate (EF) from ferulic acid (4-hydroxy 3-methoxy cinnamic acid) and ethanol, and octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC) from p-methoxycinnamic acid and 2-ethyl hexanol were successfully carried out in this study. A conversion of 87% was obtained within 2 days at 75 degrees C ...
Ahn Sang Joon - - 2006
This study reports depigmenting potency of selenium-containing carbohydrates, which would be based upon the finding of direct inhibition to mushroom tyrosinase. Two selenoglycosiede, SG-3 (bis(2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-beta-D-arabinopyranosyl) selenide) and SG-8 (4'-methylbenzoyl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-D-selenomanopyranoside) among eleven selenium-containing compounds examined, were discovered to be effective depigmenting compounds on a mushroom tyrosinase inhibitory assay. SG-3 exhibited ...
Bao Xiao Ying - - 2006
In this article, we report the synthesis of methylene-bridged periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) of the SBA-15 type. The materials were characterized by SAXS, BET, NMR, FESEM, and TEM. It was found that the synthesis of methylene-bridged SBA-15 PMOs requires more rigorous conditions than that of SBA-15 PMOs bearing organic bridges ...
Gilleron Pauline - - 2006
A method for the synthesis of (3(R,S),6S,11b(R,S))-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-4-oxo-3-phthalimidopyrido[2,1-a]isoquinoline-6-carboxylic acid 2 as a new conformationally restricted dipeptidomimetic of Val-Phe is reported. It involved cyclisation via an intramolecular electrophilic addition at the reactive bridgehead carbon. This new scaffold can be used as a building block in the preparation of libraries of peptidomimetics.
Jalilian Amir R - - 2006
[(18)F]-6-thia-14-fluoro-heptadecanoic acid 3b, a free fatty acid, has been used in myocardial PET imaging. In order to establish an automated synthesis module for routine production in the country, a study was performed for optimization of the production conditions as well as making modifications. [(18)F]Benzyl-14-Fluoro-6-thia-heptadecanoate 2b was prepared in no-carrier-added (n.c.a) ...
Macleod Calum - - 2006
The microwave-assisted solid-phase synthesis of piperazines, 3,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecanes and 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecanes is reported. The synthesis relies on the direct annulation of primary amines with resin-bound bismesylates. Critical to the success of this chemistry was the development of alpha-methyl benzyl carbamate resin linker. This resin permits the cleavage of the heterocycles under mildly ...
Kraus George A GA Iowa State University, Department of Chemistry, Ames, IA 50011, USA. - - 2006
The synthesis of the alkamides 2Z,4E-undeca-2,4-dien-8,10-diynoic acid isobutyl amide (1) and 2Z,4E-undeca-2,4-dien-8,10-diynoic acid isobutyl amide (5) was accomplished by organometallic coupling followed by introduction of the doubly unsaturated amide moiety. The distribution of these two amides in accessions of the nine species of Echinacea was determined.
Busnel Olivier - - 2005
[structure: see text] A solid-phase fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-based synthesis strategy is described for "mixed" aza-beta3-peptides as well as a convenient general approach for their required building blocks, the aza-beta3-amino acid residues (aza-beta3-aa). These monomers allow the synthesis of relatively large quantities of pure mixed aza-beta3-peptides. The required Fmoc-substituted aza-beta3-amino acids are ...
Bakkevig Karianne - - 2005
Alginate is an industrially widely used polysaccharide produced by brown seaweeds and as an exopolysaccharide by bacteria belonging to the genera Pseudomonas and Azotobacter. The polymer is composed of the two sugar monomers mannuronic acid and guluronic acid (G), and in all these bacteria the genes encoding 12 of the ...
Curini Massimo - - 2005
A novel high-yielding and environment-friendly synthesis of the anticancer compound 3-(4'-geranyloxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-trans-propenoic acid is described. This compound was conjugated to H2N-Ala-Pro dipeptide to give a prodrug to be activated by intestinal ACE and to be used in the treatment of different forms of colon cancer. Data on the chemical and enzymatic ...
Jasieniak Jacek - - 2005
High quality CdSe nanocrystals have been prepared using elemental selenium as the chalcogenide precursor dispersed in 1-octadecene (ODE). The conditions used to prepare the Se precursor were found to be critical for successful nanocrystal synthesis. Systematic titration of the Se precursor solution with tri-n-octylphosphine (TOP) allowed the Se reactivity to ...
Cho Young Shin - - 2005
We describe herein the stereo-controlled, large-scale synthesis of peracetylated GM2 glycosylamino acid. Key features of the synthesis include a newly modified [1+3] coupling reaction and an olefin cross-metathesis-hydrogenation sequence. The GM2 glycosylamino acid is now ready for incorporation into a hexavalent prostate cancer vaccine construct.
Carballeira Néstor M - - 2005
The antifungal, naturally occurring acetylenic fatty acid 6-nonadecynoic acid was synthesized in three steps (18 % overall yield), for the first time starting with commercially available 1-tetradecyne. The synthesis developed herein will facilitate the further study of the antifungal properties of this naturally occurring acetylenic fatty acid. The 6-nonadecynoic acid ...
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