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Kim Ki Hyun - - 2011
A bioassay-guided fractionation and chemical investigation of the trunk of BERBERIS KOREANA led to the isolation and identification of three new triterpenoids, 2 α,3 α,19 α-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-24-formyl-28-oic acid ( 1), 2 α,3 β,21 α-trihydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid ( 2), and 3 β-acetyloxy-1-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic acid ( 3), along with seven known triterpenoids ( 4- 10). ...
El-Askary Hesham I - - 2011
Ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaves and flowers of Alstonia scholaris were evaluated for their antioxidant activity by investigating their effect on blood glutathione levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The ethanolic extract of the leaves was the most active; therefore, its cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells was also tested. Promising ...
Serini Simona - - 2011
There is some evidence to support the toxicity of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and their oxidative products, suggesting their involvement in the pathogenesis of different chronic diseases, including cancer. It has been shown that products of PUFA oxidation may exert a carcinogenic action by forming mutagenic adducts with DNA. On ...
Chen Zhu - - 2011
PURPOSE: Targeting to antigen-presenting cells and efficient intracellular delivery of pDNA are essential for development of microsphere formulations of DNA vaccine. METHODS: Biodegradable polymers containing acid-labile segments and galactose grafts were developed to entrap pDNA polyplexes into microspheres, which were proposed to promote transfection efficiency of pDNA. RESULTS: Acid-labile characteristics ...
Han Bingnan - - 2011
Two new cyclic depsipeptides wewakamide A (1) and guineamide G (2) have been isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya semiplena and Lyngbya majuscula, respectively, collected from Papua New Guinea. The amino and hydroxy acid partial structures of wewakamide A and guineamide G were elucidated through extensive spectroscopic techniques, including HR-FABMS, ...
Kim Jeong Ah - - 2011
Three ent-kaurane diterpenes (1-3), four lupane-triterpene glycosides (4-7), and an oleanane-triterpene glycoside (8) were isolated from the ethyl acetate and water extracts of the steamed leaves of Acanthopanax koreanum using a combination of various column chromatographies. The structures of the isolates were determined by 1H-, 13C-NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. ...
Csuk René - - 2011
Triterpenoic acids show many pharmacological effects, among them an antiinflammatory or an antitumor activity. One of these, glycyrrhetinic acid (1) is of interest because of its antitumor profile. Glycyrrhetinic acid is not only cytotoxic but also triggers apoptosis in various human tumor cell lines. To improve the cytotoxicity of parent ...
Mitchell Rebecca J - - 2011
Perfluorinated acids (PFAs) have elicited significant global regulatory and scientific concern due to their persistence and global pervasiveness. A source of PFAs in the environment is through degradation of fluorotelomer carboxylic acids (FTCAs) but little is known about the toxicity of these degradation products. Previous work found that FTCAs were ...
Sulistio Adrian - - 2011
Amino acid-based core cross-linked star (CCS) polymers (poly(L-lysine)armpoly(L-cystine)core) with peripheral allyl functionalities were synthesized by sequential ring opening polymerization (ROP) of amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides (NCAs) via the arm-first approach, using N-(trimethylsilyl)allylamine as the initiator. Subsequent functionalization with a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-folic acid conjugate via thiol-ene click chemistry afforded poly(PEG-b-L-lysine)armpoly(L-cystine)core stars ...
Jagota Seema - - 2011
Substantial evidence suggests that the aggregation of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide into fibrillar structures that is rich in β-sheets is implicated as the cause of Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, an attractive therapeutic strategy is to prevent or alter Aβ aggregation. Phenolic compounds are natural substances that are composed of one or more ...
Wichitnithad Wisut - - 2011
We investigated the effects of different carboxylic ester spacers of mono-PEGylated curcumin conjugates on chemical stability, release characteristics, and anticancer activity. Three novel conjugates were synthesized with succinic acid, glutaric acid, and methylcarboxylic acid as the respective spacers between curcumin and monomethoxy polyethylene glycol of molecular weight 2000 (mPEG(2000) ): ...
Kuan Cheng-Yi - - 2011
Accumulating evidence in both humans and animal models indicates that dietary intake of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can improve response to chemotherapy. The intent of this study was to determine the mechanisms by which PUFAs affect the response to anticancer chemotherapy. Human colorectal cancer cell line Caco-2 was used ...
Thornburg Christopher C - - 2011
Two new grassypeptolides and a lyngbyastatin analogue, together with the known dolastatin 12, have been isolated from field collections and laboratory cultures of the marine cyanobacterium Leptolyngbya sp. collected from the SS Thistlegorm shipwreck in the Red Sea. The overall stereostructures of grassypeptolides D (1) and E (2) and Ibu-epidemethoxylyngbyastatin ...
Halter David - - 2011
Euglena mutabilis is a protist ubiquitously found in extreme environments such as acid mine drainages which are often rich in arsenic. The response of E. mutabilis to this metalloid was compared to that of Euglena gracilis, a protist not found in such environments. Membrane fatty acid composition, cell surface properties, ...
Clark Benjamin R - - 2011
The biosynthesis of the pyrrolyl moiety of the fungal metabolite rumbrin originates from pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid. In an effort to produce novel derivatives with enhanced biological activity a series of substituted pyrrole-2-carboxylates were synthesised and incubated with the producing organism, Auxarthron umbrinum. Several 4-halo-pyrrole-2-carboxylic acids were incorporated into the metabolite yielding ...
Sparks Sarah M - - 2011
New materials that can bind and deliver oligonucleotides such as short interfering RNA (siRNA) without toxicity are greatly needed to fulfill the promise of therapeutic gene silencing. Amphiphilic macromolecules (AMs) were functionalized with linear ethyleneimines to create cationic AMs capable of complexing with siRNA. Structurally, the parent AM is formed ...
Ma Liying - - 2011
Two new acid sorbicillin analogues, (E)-6-(2,4-dihydroxyl-5-methylphenyl)-6-oxo-2-hexenoic acid (1) and 6-(2,4-dihydroxyl-5-methylphenyl)-6-oxohexanoic acid (2), together with 12 known compounds, were isolated from a saline lands-derived fungus Trichoderma sp. The structures of the new compounds were established by interpretation of their spectroscopic data. Their cytotoxic effects on P388 and HL-60 cell lines were ...
Bandgar Babasaheb Pandurang - - 2011
Abstract: A series of novel fenofibric acid ester prodrugs (1c-1h) were synthesized and evaluated with the aim of obtaining potent hypolipidemic agents. Prodrugs 1c and 1d exhibited potent hypochlolesterolemic activity, lowering the mice plasma triglyceride level up to 47% in Swiss Albino mice after oral administration of 50 mg/kg/day for ...
Piest Martin - - 2011
The effects of the presence of two different types of phenylboronic acids as side groups in disulfide-containing poly(amido amine)s (SS-PAA) were investigated in the application of these polymers as gene delivery vectors. To this purpose, a para-carboxyphenylboronic acid was grafted on a SS-PAA with pending aminobutyl side chains, resulting in ...
Zaleski-Ejgierd Patryk - - 2011
Comparative, fully relativistic (FR), scalar relativistic (SR) and non-relativistic (NR) DFT calculations attribute about 30% of the mercury-battery voltage to relativity. The obtained percentage is smaller than for the lead-acid battery, but not negligible.
West Charles E CE Petroleum and Environmental Geochemistry Group, Biogeochemistry Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, - - 2011
Naphthenic acids are considered variously as monocarboxylic acids fitting the formula C(n)H(2n+z)O(2) (where z is a zero or negative even integer), as only alicyclic (i.e. non-aromatic) monocarboxylic acids fitting this formula (z≤0), or simply as those carboxylic acids occurring in petroleum products or crude oils that have been formed through ...
Soares Veronica C G - - 2011
Cytotoxicity assays are needed for the screening of natural products with potential anti-inflammatory. The purpose of this study was to compare the basal cytotoxicity of active ingredients extracted from plants of the Brazilian "cerrado". The viability was assayed with the neutral red uptake assay in Mac Coy cells after 24h ...
Ponou Beaudelaire Kemvoufo - - 2011
Two new oleanane-type triterpenes named ivorengenin A (=3-oxo-2α,19α,24-trihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid; 1) and ivorengenin B (=4-oxo-19α-hydroxy-3,24-dinor-2,4-secoolean-12-ene-2,28-dioic acid; 2), together with five known compounds, arjungenin, arjunic acid, betulinic acid, sericic acid, and oleanolic acid, were isolated from the barks of Terminalia ivorensis A. Chev. (Combretaceae). Their structures were established on the basis of ...
Zhang Xuanmiao - - 2011
This study aimed at developing a novel lipid nanoemulsion formulation of doxorubicin (DOX) which is feasible for scale-up production, exhibits good parenteral acceptability, and further improves the therapeutic index of the drug. Oleic acid was used to form ionic complex with DOX in order to enhance its lipophilicity. The lipid ...
Zhang Yingjie - - 2011
Histone deacetylase (HDACα) has emerged as an attractive target for the development of antitumor agents during the last decade. Previously tetrahydroisoquinoline-bearing hydroxamic acid analogue, ZYJ-25e (1), was identified and validated as a potent histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) with marked in vitro and in vivo antitumor potency. In the present study, ...
Mahadeswaraswamy Y H - - 2011
Despite a long history on treatment and management of snakebite, as of now, no satisfactory cure exists to treat local toxicity, including anti-venom therapy. Several natural compounds from plants and their synthetic analogs have shown to be protective. In this study 3, 4, 5-tri-hydroxy benzoic acid, the gallic acid (GA) ...
Gowda J - - 2011
A new series of Schiff and Mannich bases derivatives (6) of 4-[(4-amino-5-sulfanyl-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)methyl]-2H-1,4-benzothiazin-3(4H)-one (4), derived from (3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-4H-1,4-benzothiazin-4-yl)acetic acid (3) were synthesized. The structures of all newly synthesized compounds were elucidated by elemental analysis, IR, (1)H NMR and mass spectral data. Synthesized compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. Among ...
Pals Justin A - - 2011
The halogenated acetic acids are a major class of drinking water disinfection byproducts (DBPs) with five haloacetic acids regulated by the U.S. EPA. These agents are cytotoxic, genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic. The decreasing toxicity rank order of the monohalogenated acetic acids (monoHAAs) is iodo- > bromo- ≫ chloroacetic acid. We ...
Csuk René - - 2011
Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) is a major ingredient of the dried extract of licorice roots; its antitumor activity is low compared to other members of the triterpenoic family. For example, oleanolic acid, betulin or betulinic acid are more cytotoxic with a pronounced activity for tumor cells. GA, however, is easily to ...
King Amber M - - 2011
Pharmacological management remains the primary method to treat epilepsy and neuropathic pain. We have advanced a novel class of anticonvulsants termed Functionalized Amino Acids (FAAs). In this study, we examine FAA derivatives from which the terminal acetyl moiety was removed and termed these compounds Primary Amino Acid Derivatives (PAADs). Twenty-seven ...
Coggins Christopher R E - - 2011
Context: Aromatic and aliphatic carboxylic acids are present in tobacco and tobacco smoke. Objective: A battery of tests was used to compare the toxicity of mainstream smoke from experimental cigarettes containing eight aromatic and aliphatic carboxylic acids and the salt of one acid that were added individually at three different ...
Banerjee Partha S - - 2011
Oncolytic adenoviruses (Ads) are an emerging alternative therapy for cancer; however, clinical trial have not yet demonstrated sufficient efficacy. When oncolytic Ads are used in combination with taxoids a synergistic increase in both cytotoxicity and viral replication is observed. In order to generate a next generation oncolytic adenovirus, virion were ...
Hsouna Anis Ben - - 2011
The present study describes the phytochemical profile and the protective effects of Ceratonia siliqua pods essential oil (CsEO), a food and medicinal plant widely distributed in Tunisia. Twenty five different components were identified in the CsEO. Among them, the major detected components were: Nonadecane, Heneicosane , Naphthalene, 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid dibutylester, ...
Wang Qian - - 2011
Stereochemical outcomes were critically tuned by excitation wavelength in the supramolecular photocyclodimerization of 2-anthracenecarboxylic acid mediated by native and diamino-modified γ-cyclodextrins.
Li Ning - - 2011
In order to find new lead compounds with antitumour activies, thirteen new fatty acid esters of 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD) were synthesized using oleoyl chloride or fatty acids and N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC). Their cytotoxic activities were tested using the MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] method, and the structure-activity relationships between the fatty acid esters of ...
Ho Yi-Ping - - 2011
The future of genetic medicine hinges on successful intracellular delivery of nucleic acid-based therapeutics. While significant effort has concentrated on developing nanocarriers to improve the delivery aspects, scant attention has been paid to the synthetic process of poorly controlled nanocomplex formation. Proposed here is a reliable system to better control ...
Ming Jun - - 2011
A new concept of steaming multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) via acid vapour was presented for controllable nanoengineering of the MWCNTs. This method is more simple, effective, precisely-controllable and environmentally-friendly compared to traditional ones. Moreover, novel porous carbon nanotubes, named carbon nanoflutes, were fabricated based on this strategy.
Arciniegas Amira - - 2011
The chemical study of Laennecia schiedeana afforded three sterols, five diterpenes, five flavonoids, three caffeoyl derivatives of quinic acid, and two triterpenes. Evaluation of the cytotoxic activity of the extracts and isolated metabolites showed that 15-methoxy-16-oxo-15,16H-strictic acid was the most active compound [(15.05 +/- 2.2) microg/mL against U-251 cells]. In ...
Scott H A - - 2011
Obesity and asthma are associated, but the mechanism(s) of the association have yet to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess airway inflammation in relation to obesity and plasma fatty acids in males and females with and without asthma. Obese (n=68) and nonobese (n=47) adults with asthma, ...
Zhao Wen-Hua - - 2011
In order to study the anti-obesity ability and inhibition towards fatty acid synthase (FAS) of the extract, a 70% ethanol extract of Acer truncatum Bunge (AT) leaves was further extracted with ethyl acetate. FAS is a very significant lipogenic enzyme, participating in energy metabolism in vivo; it has also been observed ...
Arora Tulika - - 2011
Propionate is produced along with acetate and butyrate as a result of fermentative activity of gut microflora on dietary fiber. It has long been known to exhibit hypophagic effects in ruminants, however, its potential physiological roles in non-ruminants as well as humans remained unnoticed over the years. In view of ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the metabolic derangements induced by valproic acid (VPA) and ultrasound-diagnosed nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, we evaluated 86 adolescents with epilepsy who had received VPA monotherapy. Subjects for comparison were 67 ...
Rob Tamanna - - 2011
Pentylphenols 1 and 2, cyclopropane fatty acid 3, and cyclopentenones 4 and 5, were isolated from an ascidian, Diplosoma sp. The structures of 1-5 were determined by spectroscopic analysis and/or synthesis. Compound 1 inhibited the division of fertilized sea urchin eggs and compound 4 showed mild cytotoxity against HCT116 cells ...
Pérez-Gutiérrez Salud - - 2011
The composition of a chloroform seed extract of C. papaya was determined by GC-MS. Nineteen compounds were identified, with oleic (45.97%), palmitic (24.1%) and stearic (8.52%) acids being the main components. The insecticidal and insectistatic activities of the extract and the three main constituents were tested. Larval duration increased by ...
Soica Codruta M - - 2011
Betulin and betulinic acid are pentacyclic triterpenes present in the bark of the birch tree and other vegetal sources. Quantitatively, in birch bark betulin is more significant than betulinic acid; therefore, birch can be a large and feasible source of raw material for betulin extraction. Betulin can be used as ...
Huang Xin-An - - 2011
Two new 13,28-epoxy oleanane-type triterpenoids, namely heterogenoside E and F, were isolated from Lysimachia heterogenea Klatt, together with the eight known compounds: palmitic acid, β-stigmasterol, kaempferol, quercetin, hyperin, isorhamnetin, isorhamnetin-3-O-galactopyranoside and anagallisin C. Heterogenoside F possesses acetoxyl groups at the unusual C-21 and C-22 positions of its oleanane skeleton. The ...
Arrieta-Baez Daniel - - 2011
The main monomer of tomato cuticle, 10,16-dihydroxyhexadecanoic acid (or 10,16-dihydroxypalmitic acid; 10,16-DHPA), was isolated and used to efficiently synthesize two different monomers (16-hydroxy-10-oxo-hexadecanoic and 7-oxohexa-decanedioic acids) in addition to a dimer and linear and branched trimers. These compounds were fully characterized using NMR and MS techniques and could be used ...
Sato Shun - - 2011
A novel derivative of glyceric acid (GA), dilinoleoyl-D-glyceric acid (LA(2)-DGA), was synthesized from D-GA calcium salt and linoleoyl chloride and evaluated for cytotoxicity. The D-GA calcium salt was first reacted with 4-methoxybezylchloride, and the resulting compound was esterified with linoleoyl chloride. This reaction was followed by hydrolysis of the 4-methoxybenzyl ...
Ferreira Bianca Silva - - 2011
Pequi (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.), babaçu (Orbignya phalerata Mart.), buriti (Mauritia flexuosa), and passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) oils were studied to determine their antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activities, as well as their total phenol and carotenoid contents. The fatty acid contents were determined by GC-MS. The three types of passion fruit ...
Mendes Gabriella - - 2011
In this paper, we evaluated the antiviral activity against HMPV replication of crude extract of the marine algae Stypopodium zonale and of two meroditerpenoids obtained from it, atomaric acid and epitaondiol, and a methyl ester derivative of atomaric acid. Their selectivity indexes were 20.78, >56.81, 49.26 and 12.82, respectively. Compared ...
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