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Results 351 - 400 of 961
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Deeks Emma D - - 2008
Zoledronic acid (Aclasta; Reclast), a third-generation nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, is the first once-yearly treatment to have been approved for use in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis or at high risk of fracture. Intravenous zoledronic acid 5 mg once yearly is effective in reducing the risk of several types of fracture in patients ...
Lambrinoudaki Irene - - 2008
Zoledronic acid is a nitrogen-containing, third-generation bisphosphonate that has recently been approved for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis as an annual intravenous infusion. Zoledronic acid is an antiresorptive agent which has a high affinity for mineralized bone and especially for sites of high bone turnover. Zoledronic acid is excreted by ...
Stief Thomas W - - 2008
Hyperfibrinolysis is a serious clinical complication. The inhibitory concentrations 50% of antifibrinolytics were analyzed in the microtiter plate clot lysis assay, using 50 microL of plasma clots, 10 microL of antifibrinolytic drug, 10 microL of 354 IU/mL (final) urokinase, 4.46 microg/mL (final) tissue-type plasminogen activator or 0.6 mg/mL plasmin, and ...
Harikrishnan K N - - 2008
The distinction between heterochromatin and euchromatin in the double-strand break (DSB) damage pathway is of interest, recent reports indicate that chromatin is not created equally nor is it acquiescent to DSBs. Using the classical histone deacetylase inhibitor, Trichostatin A, we have previously demonstrated that chromatin represents a heterogeneous substrate with ...
Tyl Rochelle W - - 2007
The axial skeleton is routinely examined in standard developmental toxicity bioassays and has proven to be sensitive to a wide variety of chemical agents. Dysmorphogenesis in the skull, vertebral column and ribs has been described in both human populations and in laboratory animals used to assess potential adverse developmental effects. ...
Chan Y C - - 2007
Two cases of acute valproic acid poisoning with central nervous system depression and raised ammonia level without hepatotoxicity were reported. They were treated successfully with the use of the antidotes: L-carnitine and other supportive measures. Clinical manifestation and progress was described, and discussion is focused on the use of L-carnitine ...
Allan Robert W - - 2007
This report is of a case of myelodysplastic syndrome occurring in a 63 year old female on long-term valproic acid therapy for seizure disorder. Valproic acid therapy is widely prescribed for seizure disorders and is often associated with thrombocytopenia, macrocytic anemia and a reversible dysmyelopoiesis. There are rare reports in ...
Shimshoni Jakob Avi - - 2007
Valproic acid (VPA) is a major antiepileptic drug (AED); however, its use is limited by two life-threatening side effects: teratogenicity and hepatotoxicity. Several constitutional isomers of VPA and their amide and urea derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in three different anticonvulsant animal models and a mouse model for AED-induced teratogenicity. ...
Zhang Man - - 2008
The effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on ion channels has been widely studied in several cell models, but less is known about their modulatory mechanisms. In this report, the effect of mefenamic acid on voltage-activated transient outward K(+) current (I(A)) in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells was investigated. At ...
Brown Janet E - - 2007
PURPOSE: Bisphosphonates play a central role in the management of bone loss due to a range of disorders, including metastatic bone disease, cancer treatment-induced bone loss, and postmenopausal osteoporosis. With potent bisphosphonates, such as zoledronic acid, it may be possible to maintain efficacy with relatively infrequent administration. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Sixty-six ...
Kilickap Saadettin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates prevent bone loss by binding on active sites of bone remodeling and inhibiting osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Zoledronic acid is recommended for patients with bone metastases from breast, prostate, and lung cancers. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of anterior uveitis after the infusion of zoledronic acid. CASE SUMMARY: A ...
Mönkkönen Hannu - - 2007
Bisphosphonates are currently the most important class of anti-resorptive drugs used for the treatment of diseases involving excess bone resorption. Recently we discovered a new mechanism of action for bisphosphonates. Previously it has been shown that nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) are not metabolized. However, our studies revealed that N-BPs induce formation ...
Siitonen Timo - - 2007
Valproic acid (VPA), an inhibitor of histone deacetylases, inhibits the growth of leukemia cells and induces their differentiation in vitro. In the present study, VPA in combination with two differentiating agents, 13-cis retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, was given to 19 previously untreated patients with MDS or CMML. Eight patients ...
Kouides P A - - 2007
Historically, the pathogenesis of menorrhagia has focused on anatomic and hormonal etiologies. However, in the past decade, numerous epidemiological studies have confirmed an association of von Willebrand factor (VWF) deficiency and menorrhagia with an incidence of VWF deficiency of 13% (95% CI, 11%, 16%). Such patients have a reduced quality ...
Celiker Arif - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of valproic acid on vestibular symptoms and electronystagmography (ENG) findings in patients with migraine-related vestibulopathy. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with migraine (13 with vertigo, 13 with dizziness, and 11 without vestibular symptoms) were included in the study. Slow-released valproic acid (500 mg/d) was given for 3 ...
Shi Yuanyuan - - 2007
Valproic (2-propylpentanoic) acid is a commonly used drug in the treatment of bipolar disorder and epilepsy. The molecular mechanism that underlies its clinical efficacy remains controversial and is complicated by the broad range of intracellular effects of valproic acid, including its ability to inhibit histone deacetylase (HDAC) and induce protein ...
Yasui-Furukori Norio - - 2007
Recently a new sustained-release formulation of valproic acid has been developed in Japan. The sustained-release mechanism of the new formulation was different from the conventional formulation. The aim of the present study was to compare the pharmacokinetic characteristics of valproic acid in two sustained-release formulations. Different sustained-release formulations of valproic ...
Gunes Arzu - - 2007
Drug interactions constitute a major problem in the treatment of epilepsy because drug combinations are so common. Valproic acid is a widely used anticonvulsant drug with a broad therapeutic spectrum. Case reports suggest interaction between valproic acid and other drugs metabolized mainly by cytochrome P450 isoforms. The aim of this ...
Wong Harvey - - 2007
Sigmoidal or autoactivation kinetics has been observed in vitro for both cytochrome P450- and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase-catalyzed enzymatic reactions. However, the in vivo relevance of sigmoidal kinetics has never been clearly demonstrated. In the current study we investigate the kinetics of valproic acid glucuronide (VPAG) formation both in vivo in adult sheep ...
Bullington Wendy - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of valproic acid-induced eosinophilic pleural effusion and to review the existing literature. CASE SUMMARY: A 25-year-old African-American man receiving valproic acid, 250 mg/d, had a moderate-sized right pleural effusion. Pleural fluid analysis revealed 75% eosinophils. The patient had no evidence of parasitic infection, hemothorax, or ...
Azab Abed N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a severe and chronic illness, with a lifetime prevalence of approximately 1.5%. Despite the availability of some mood stabilizing drugs including lithium, valproate (valproic acid), lamotrigine and carbamazepine, BPD is characterized by high rates of recurrence, as treatment with these and other drugs is ineffective ...
Russell Scott - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Valproic acid is a widely used anticonvulsant that has recently been approved for stabilization of manic episodes in patients with bipolar disorder. As the use of valproic acid increases, the number of both accidental and intentional exposures increases. This is paralleled by more reports of valproic-acid-induced toxicity. ...
Hirata-Koizumi M - - 2007
As pharmacokinetic drug interactions frequently cause adverse events, it is important that the relevant information is given in package inserts (PIs). We previously analysed the provision of PIs for HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors and Ca antagonists, for which metabolism by cytochrome P450 could be a major interaction mechanism. In this article, ...
Michaelson M Dror - - 2007
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists decrease bone mineral density (BMD) and increase fracture risk in men with prostate cancer. Annual zoledronic acid increases BMD in postmenopausal women, but its efficacy in hypogonadal men is not known. In a 12-month study, 40 men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer who were receiving a GnRH ...
Ozturk O H - - 2007
We tested whether zoledronic acid, a biphosphonate with proposed apoptotic activity, augmented the cytotoxicity of cisplatin and/or gemcitabine in A549 lung cancer cell line. This cell line was subjected to different concentrations of the above chemotherapeutic agents and zoledronic acid. Cytotoxicity was assessed by the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrasodium bromide) assay. ...
Gaganis Paraskevi - - 2007
Mefenamic acid, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is used commonly to treat menorrhagia. This study investigated the glucuronidation kinetics of flufenamic, mefenamic and niflumic acid using human kidney cortical microsomes (HKCM) and recombinant UGT1A9 and UGT2B7. Using HKCM Michaelis-Menten (MM) kinetics were observed for mefenamic (K(m)(app) 23 microM) and niflumic ...
Jawed Sana - - 2007
We have reported that valproic acid upregulates melatonin MT1 receptor expression in rat C6 glioma cells. In addition to its anticonvulsant and mood stabilizing properties, valproic acid can also inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Since the melatonin MT1 receptor has been implicated in the oncostatic action of melatonin on ...
Liu Xishi - - 2008
Following on the heels of the discovery that endometriosis is an epigenetic disease, we conducted a pilot study on the off-label use of valproic acid to treat adenomyosis. We found that by the end of the 3-month treatment, all three recruited patients reported complete disappearance of dysmenorrhea, with an average ...
Lin Chih-Ming - - 2007
Epilepsy is one of the most common presentations of patients with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). MELAS is typically caused by an A-to-G substitution at nucleotide position 3243 of mitochondrial DNA. Valproic acid, a common anticonvulsant, can actually increase the frequency of seizures in individuals with ...
Di Renzo Francesca - - 2007
Histone deacetylases (HDAC) control gene expression by changing histonic as well as non histonic protein conformation. HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) are considered to be among the most promising drugs for epigenetic treatment for cancer. Recently a strict relationship between histone hyperacetylation in specific tissues of mouse embryos exposed to two HDACi ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2007
The third-generation, nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (Aclasta) is approved in the EU for the treatment of Paget's disease of bone. Results of well designed trials show that a single intravenous dose of zoledronic acid 5 mg is effective and well tolerated in the treatment of Paget's disease of bone. A ...
Yoshimura R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of valproic acid on plasma levels of risperidone and its active metabolite, 9-hydroxyrisperidone under steady state conditions in 12 schizophrenic patients. METHODS: The efficacy and tolerability for the combination treatment of valproic acid and risperidone were examined. RESULTS: The addition of valproic acid to risperidone ...
Kostrouchová M - - 2007
Valproic acid (2-propyl pentanoic acid) is a drug used for the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. Although very rare, side effects such as spina bifida and other defects of neural tube closure indicate that valproic acid interferes with developmental regulatory pathways. Recently obtained data show that valproic acid affects ...
Reginster Jean-Yves - - 2007
Bisphosphonates are the most widely prescribed drugs in osteoporosis today. They have unequivocally shown their ability to reduce fracture rate at the spine (alendronic acid, risedronic acid, ibandronic acid) and at the hip (alendronic acid and risedronic acid). However, their dosage and administration procedures and the adverse reactions induced by ...
Spriet Isabel - - 2007
PURPOSE: Two case reports of rapid decreases in valproic acid levels after initiation of meropenem in patients who developed new-onset seizure activity during treatment with cefepime are presented. SUMMARY: A 60-year-old Caucasian woman with myelodysplasia was transferred to the medical intensive care unit (MICU) on day 11 of her hospitalization. ...
Lang Erich K - - 2007
This study investigates the efficacy of an aminocaproic-acid seal to prevent or reduce the risk of bleeding attendant to liver biopsies. The simple technique of occluding the biopsy tract by injecting 1-2 mL of aminocaproic acid, a fibrinolysis inhibitor, while withdrawing the biopsy sheath appears to reduce substantially the risk ...
Avilés Agustin - - 2007
Bisphophonates are the treatment of choice to prevent skeletal events in patients with multiple myeloma. Some preclinical studies suggested that bisphophonates can be useful as antitumor drugs in some malignancies. We conducted a controlled clinical trial to assess if zoledronic acid can have this clinical activity. Ninety four patients with ...
Resende R R - - 2007
The notorious biotechnological advance of the last few decades has allowed the development of experimental methods for understanding molecular mechanisms of genes and new therapeutic approaches. Gene therapy is maturing into a viable, practical method with the potential to cure a variety of human illnesses. Some nucleic-acid-based drugs are now ...
Martini Giuseppe - - 2006
We evaluated the effect of zoledronic acid (ZA) on serum levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the ligand for receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB (RANKL) in patients with smoldering myeloma. In treated subjects we found an increase of OPG accounting for an effect of ZA on osteoblast and/or bone marrow ...
Katritzky Alan R - - 2006
Dipeptides 3a-g, (3a + 3a'), (3d + 3d'), (3l + 3l')a and tripeptides 6a-e, (6b + 6b'), (6e + 6e') incorporating Z(epsilon)-Lys were prepared in high yields (70-95%) and enantiopurity (> or =97%) in partially aqueous acetonitrile solution by coupling using (i) Z(epsilon)-Lys with N-(Z- and Fmoc-aminoacyl)benzotriazoles 1a-g, (ii) Z(epsilon)-Lys ...
Marthala V R Reddy - - 2006
By means of solid-state 15N NMR spectroscopy, evidence for the formation of nitrilium ions as intermediates of the Beckmann rearrangement of 15N-cyclohexanone oxime to epsilon-caprolactam on silicalite-1, H-ZSM-5, and H-[B]ZSM-5 is reported. The zeolites under study are characterized by different acid strengths (silicalite-1 < H-[B]ZSM-5 < H-ZSM-5). Depending on the ...
Zufferey Paul - - 2006
Studies have shown that antifibrinolytic (aprotinin, tranexamic acid, epsilon-aminocaproic acid) reduce blood loss in orthopedic surgery. However, most lacked sufficient power to evaluate the efficacy and safety on clinical outcomes. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate whether intravenous antifibrinolytics, when compared with placebo, reduce perioperative allogeneic erythrocyte transfusion requirement in adults ...
Kuitunen Anne H - - 2006
We investigated the effect of intravenous tranexamic acid on hydroxyethyl starch (HES)-induced clot strength impairment after cardiac surgery. Patients were randomized to receive either 1 g tranexamic acid or the same volume of 0.9% saline after administration of 15 ml/kg of 6% HES (molecular weight, 200 kDa; degree of substitution, ...
Aliano Nicholas P - - 2006
Laboratory bioassays were performed to characterize the acute contact toxicity of oxalic acid (OA) to Varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) and their honey bee hosts (Apis mellifera L.). Specifically, glass-vial residual bioassays were conducted to determine the lethal concentration of OA for V. destructor, and topical applications of OA in ...
Eyal S - - 2006
The antiepileptic drug valproic acid, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, is currently being tested as an anticancer agent. However, HDAC inhibitors may interact with anticancer drugs through induction of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, MDR1) expression. In this study we assessed whether valproic acid induces P-gp function in tumour cells. We also investigated ...
Fudio S - - 2006
A 55-year-old woman was diagnosed with pneumonia and was treated with meropenem; 5 days later she developed epileptic seizures. She had been treated with valproic acid for 16 years to control her epileptic seizures. Her serum valproic acid concentration was low during treatment with meropenem than previously recorded despite an ...
Zervas Kostas - - 2006
The incidence, characteristics and risk factors for the development of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) were evaluated among 303 myeloma patients. Only patients who received bisphosphonates developed ONJ (28/254; 11%). Zoledronic acid produced 9.5-fold greater risk for developing ONJ than pamidronate alone (P = 0.042) and 4.5-fold greater risk than ...
Dragunow M - - 2006
Valproic acid is widely used for the treatment of epilepsy and mood disorders, but its mode of action is unclear. Treatment of neuronal cells with valproic acid promotes neurite sprouting, is neuroprotective and drives neurogenesis; however its effects on non-neuronal brain cells are less clear. We report that valproic acid ...
Sultana Najma - - 2006
Captopril is effective in the treatment of hypertension of all grades of severity. Present paper deals with the in vitro availability studies of captopril in presence and absence of commonly used NSAID's likes diclofenac sodium, flurbiprofen, mefenamic acid, meloxicam and tiaprofenic acid. Since it had been established that simultaneous administration ...
Wilimowska Jolanta - - 2006
Acute intoxication with valproic acid is increasingly being observed in clinical practice. In Poland, such intoxication frequently occurs as a result of mixing different drugs or alcohol. We studied the pharmacokinetics of valproic acid in five intoxicated patients. Apart from valproic acid, barbiturates, chlorprotixene, tricyclic antidepressants, tetrahydrocannabinols and alcohol were ...
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