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Song Xiao-Ping - - 2011
Previous studies have demonstrated that some selected amino monoacids and amino diacids can function as leaving groups in the polymerase-catalyzed incorporation of deoxynucleotides into DNA. Among these, the iminodiacetic acid phosphoramidate of deoxyadenosine monophosphate (IDA-dAMP) represents an interesting example, as it could overcome some of the problems observed when using ...
Ellamar Joel B - - 2011
Furan fatty acids (F-acids) gain special attentions since they are known to play important roles in biological systems including human. Specifically F-acids are known to have strong antioxidant activity like radical scavenging activity. Although widely distributed in most biological systems, F-acids are trace components and their biosynthesis are complicated and ...
Grim Joseph C - - 2011
A divergent synthesis of (-)-4-epi-shikimic acid was developed. This route features a one-pot zinc-mediated reductive ring opening of an arabinofuranose followed by a Barbier reaction and culminates in a ring-closing metathesis. Functionalization of (-)-4-epi-shikimic acid via conjugate addition of a thiol occurs in high diastereoselectivity to afford a product with ...
Zhang Yingjie - - 2011
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a promising target for treating cancer and some other disorders. Herein, based on the structure of our previously reported tetrahydroisoquinoline-based hydroxamic acids, a novel series of tyrosine-based hydroxamic acid derivatives was designed and synthesized as HDACs inhibitors. Compared with tetrahydroisoquinoline-based hydroxamic acids, tyrosine-based hydroxamic acid derivatives ...
Jiang Jian-Ming - - 2011
PBDTBO, a conjugated polymer comprising benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) and 5,6-bis(octyloxy)benzo[c][1,2,5]oxadiazole (BO) units, exhibits a deep HOMO energy level of -5.27 eV and excellent solubility. A device incorporating PBDTBO and [6,6]-phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (1 : 1, w/w) exhibited a power conversion efficiency of 5.7%.
Vasantha B - - 2011
Synthesis of N(α)-protected amino acyl azides starting from corresponding acids via the carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) activation is described. The protocol is extended for a one-pot preparation of ureido peptides that circumvents the isolation of acyl azide and isocyanate intermediates. The reaction was accomplished without using any additives and base. The protocol ...
Roviello Giovanni N - - 2011
In this work, we report a technological approach to a novel Fmoc-protected nucleoamino acid, based on l-tyrosine, carrying the DNA nucleobase on the hydroxyl group by means of an ester bond, suitable for the solid-phase synthesis of novel aromatic nucleopeptides of potential interest in biomedicine. After ESI-MS and NMR characterization ...
Zhou Dan - - 2011
Amino acid response (AAR) pathway is activated when cells are deprived of amino acids. In the present study, using the human colon cancer cell line SW480, we observed that DKK1, an antagonist of the Wnt pathway, was significantly induced at the mRNA level after the removal of amino acids from ...
Chuang Hui-Yen - - 2011
We established a HT-29/tk-luc human colorectal carcinoma-bearing animal model for the study of the inhibition effect and mechanism of orlistat, a fatty acid synthase (FASN) inhibitor. The results showed that orlistat caused cell cycle arrest at G1 phase, and triggered apoptosis through caspase-3 activation. The tumor inhibition effect of orlistat ...
Jakubowski Hieronim - - 2011
All living organisms conduct protein synthesis with a high degree of accuracy maintained in the transmission and flow of information from a gene to protein product. One crucial "quality control" point in maintaining a high level of accuracy is the selectivity by which aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases furnish correctly activated amino acids, ...
Barrett Lee - - 2011
Metallic nanoparticles functionalized with oligonucleotides are used for a number of nucleic acid detection strategies. However, oligonucleotide-nanoparticle conjugates suffer from a lack of stability when exposed to certain conditions associated with DNA detection assays. In this study, we report the synthesis of thiol and thioctic acid-modified oligonucleotide gold nanoparticle (OGNs) ...
Robertson Daniel Stewart - - 2011
Abstract Biochemical reactions in cells which involve oxalic acid are described. It is shown that this compound is required for the formation of uracil and orotic acid. The former is a component of RNA which is common to all cells in the human metabolism. On the basis of the biochemical ...
Fowler Lindsay S - - 2011
The first stereoselective synthesis of 2,6-trans-6-substituted-4-oxo-l-pipecolic acids using a tandem reductive amination/6-endo-trig cyclisation process is described. The sequential reduction and cyclisation mediated by sodium cyanoborohydride allowed the preparation of a series of highly functionalised 6-alkyl and 6-aryl analogues.
Ogris Manfred - - 2011
Nucleic acids offer the possibility of tailor made, individualized treatments for genetic disorders, infectious diseases and cancer. As an alternative to viral vectors, synthetic delivery systems have a potentially improved safety profile, but often lack sufficient efficiency especially when applied in vivo. Receptor targeting of synthetic vectors can improve the ...
Sie Karen K Y - - 2011
Background Intrauterine and early life exposure to folic acid has significantly increased in North America owing to folic acid fortification, widespread supplemental use and periconceptional folic acid supplementation. The effect of maternal and postweaning folic acid supplementation on colorectal cancer risk in the offspring was investigated. Methods Female rats were ...
Yao Kun - - 2011
The in vivo anti-thrombotic activities of amino acid modified tetrahydro-β-carbolines depended upon the proximity of the side chain of the amino acid residue to the carboline-cycle. Based on this proximity the computerized screening of various tetrahydro-β-carboline derivatives was performed and N-[(1S,3S)-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline-3-carbonyl]-N'-(amino-acid-acyl)hydrazines were explored having large proximity. The in vivo anti-thrombotic assays explored ...
Herath Kithsiri - - 2011
Protein synthesis can be estimated by measuring the incorporation of a labeled amino acid into a proteolytic peptide. Although prelabeled amino acids are typically administered, recent studies have tested (2)H(2)O; the assumption is that there is rapid equilibration of (2)H (in body water) with the carbon-bound hydrogens of amino acids ...
Johnsson Richard - - 2011
We report on the synthesis and properties of oligonucleotides containing 2'-O-(levulinic acid) and 2'-O-(amino acid) acetalesters. Given that esters serve as promoieties in several therapeutic prodrugs, we believe that these derivatives will have potential use as nucleic acid prodrugs. In addition, we report on the synthesis of a novel solid ...
Fujihara Tsutomu - - 2011
Characteristically the metabolism of microbial nitrogen (N) compounds in ruminants involves the degradation of dietary N and synthesis of microbial protein (MP), compounds including a small amount of peptides and free amino acids, which may account for 75-85% of total N and the remainder are nucleic acids (NA: DNA and ...
Cosman Felicia - - 2011
Clinical data suggest concomitant therapy with bisphosphonates and parathyroid hormone (PTH) may blunt the anabolic effect of PTH; rodent models suggest that infrequently administered bisphosphonates may interact differently. To evaluate the effects of combination therapy with an intravenous infusion of zoledronic acid 5 mg and daily subcutaneous recombinant human (rh)PTH(1-34) ...
Koster Andreas - - 2011
Hemorrhage, transfusions and the need for re-exploration can have a detrimental effect on patient outcome in cardiac surgery. With the suspension of aprotinin from the market, only the antifibrinolytics tranexamic acid and epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) are left as pharmacological options to reduce hemostatic activation and associated bleeding complications. In light ...
Ramapanicker Ramesh - - 2011
Propargyl esters are employed as effective protecting groups for the carboxyl group during solution-phase peptide synthesis. The propargyl ester groups can be introduced onto free amino acids by treating them with propargyl alcohol saturated with HCl. The reaction between propargyl groups and tetrathiomolybdate is exploited to deblock the propargyl esters. ...
Nakano Shu-Ichi - - 2011
Unnatural nucleosides have been explored to expand the properties and the applications of oligonucleotides. This paper briefly summarizes nucleic acid analogs in which the base is modified or replaced by an unnatural stacking group for the study of nucleic acid interactions. We also describe the nucleoside analogs of a base ...
Doessing Holger - - 2011
Nucleic acids are able to adopt a plethora of structures, many of which are of interest in therapeutics, bio- or nanotechnology. However, structural and biochemical stability is a major concern which has been addressed by incorporating a range of modifications and nucleoside derivatives. This review summarizes the use of locked ...
Corpeleijn W E - - 2011
Amino acids and proteins play a pivotal role during growth and development. Besides acting as building blocks during tissue synthesis, amino acids or proteins act specifically by upregulating defense systems or by stimulating key sites in metabolic pathways. Following premature birth, the neonatologist is responsible for delivering the right amount ...
Heidel Jeremy D - - 2011
Numerous nonviral systems have been developed for the delivery of nucleic acids to cultured cells and to particular cell types in vivo. These systems vary with regard to their toxicity, immunogenicity, and ability to target particular cell surface receptors and/or cell types. A class of linear cationic polymers containing the ...
Chaturvedula Venkata Sai Prakash - - 2011
Synthesis of two ent-kaurane diterpene glycosides, steviol 19-O-β-D-glucopyranosiduronic acid (steviol glucuronide, 5), and 13-hydroxy ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (7) has been achieved from a common starting material, steviol, using phase transfer catalyst. Also, synthesis of an additional 17-nor-ent-kaurane glycoside, namely 13-methyl-16-oxo-17-nor-ent-kauran-19-oic acid-β-D-glucopyranosyl ester (10) was performed using the starting material isosteviol ...
Hollenstein Marcel - - 2011
Modified nucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs) are a versatile platform for the generation of high-density functionalized nucleic acids. The enzymatic polymerization of dNTPs allows the introduction of sensible functionalities that might not be compatible with the standard automated synthesis of oligonucleotides. Their application to in vitro selections, an elegant chemical approach to ...
Zhu Jieping - - 2011
A conceptually novel macrolactonization technology is described. A strategically positioned 5-aminooxazole served as an internal traceless activator of the neighboring C-terminal carboxylic acid allowing the occurrence of macrolactonization under mild acidic conditions. It is a domino process involving a sequence of: a) protonation of 5-aminooxazole leading to an electrophilic iminium ...
Nakatsuka Matthew A - - 2011
This paper reports the one-pot synthesis of perfluorocarbon microbubbles with crosslinked shells of poly(acrylic acid) and phospholipid that boast excellent ultrasound contrast enhancement, enhanced loading capacity, and the ability to retain or release their contents through variation in the level of ultrasound exposure.
Tamura Koji - - 2011
The chiral-selective aminoacylation of an RNA minihelix is a potential progenitor to modern tRNA-based protein synthesis using l-amino acids. This article describes the molecular basis for this chiral selection. The extended double helical form of an RNA minihelix with a CCA triplet (acceptor of an amino acid), an aminoacyl phosphate ...
Uluisik Irem - - 2011
Boron is an essential micronutrient for plants, and it is beneficial for animals. However, at high concentrations boron is toxic to cells although the mechanism of this toxicity is not known. Atr1 has recently been identified as a boron efflux pump whose expression is upregulated in response to boron treatment. ...
Johnson Douglas A - - 2010
To study changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and a bone resorption marker in elderly men who received off-label zoledronic acid for osteoporosis treatment. We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of 50 male veterans who had received at least one 4-mg intravenous infusion of zoledronic acid and had ...
Fredly Hanne - - 2010
Disease-stabilizing therapy with the histone deacetylase inhibitor valproic acid and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been investigated in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in a number of trials. Experimental studies suggest that valproic acid induces a broad chemoresistant phenotype in human AML cells; however, clinical observations combining valproic acid with conventional ...
Anderson Gail D - - 2010
Insomnia is a commonly reported clinical problem with as many as 50% of older adults reporting difficulty in falling and/or remaining asleep. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a commonly used herb that has been advocated for promoting sleep. Valerenic acid is used as a marker for quantitative analysis of valerian products ...
Verrotti A - - 2011
In the last years, a growing body of literature indicates an association between valproic acid therapy and weight gain. Weight gain during valproate treatment can be observed within the first 3 months of therapy and women seem to be more susceptible than men. The mechanism through which valproic acid may ...
Ono Tetsuo - - 2010
Since the first mouse clone was produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer, the success rate of cloning in mice has been extremely low. Some histone deacetylase inhibitors, such as trichostatin A and scriptaid, have improved the full-term development of mouse clones significantly, but the mechanisms allowing for this are unclear. ...
Liao Fen-Fen - - 2010
PURPOSE: A possible interaction between valproic acid and ertapenem resulting in reduced serum valproic acid levels in two patients is reported. SUMMARY: In the first case, a 47-year-old woman was brought to the emergency department (ED) with fever, pain, redness, swelling, and local heat in the tissue around her tracheostomy ...
Kaye Jonathan D - - 2010
PURPOSE: Gross, intractable hematuria is rare in children. Although the role of epsilon aminocaproic acid in the management of refractory hematuria is well established in the adult population, few data exist about its use in children for this indication. We present our initial experience with epsilon aminocaproic acid for the ...
Miftode Alina Monica - - 2010
In the present study there is described a simple and sensitive method for the evaluation of antioxidant activity in chlorpromazine-Fe (III) system using ascorbic acid as standard. Chlorpromazine [2-chloro-N-(3-dimethyl-aminopropyl)-phenothiazine] is oxidized in acidic media by Fe (III) with the formation of a stable radical cation characterized by an intense visible ...
Lampón Natalia - - 2010
In rats a significant increase of the copper biliary excretion is produced by valproic acid administration, however, a conclusive study on the possible appearance of copper deficiency in humans during treatment with this drug has still not been carried out. In 101 adult epileptic patients treated in monotherapy (n=75) and ...
Perrott Jerrold - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of l-carnitine in the management of acute valproic acid overdose. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (1950-May 2010), EMBASE (1980-May 2010), and Google Scholar (to May 2010) were searched, using the terms carnitine, valproic acid, and carnitine for valproic acid overdose. Reference citations ...
- - 2010
Tranexamic acid can reduce bleeding in patients undergoing elective surgery. We assessed the effects of early administration of a short course of tranexamic acid on death, vascular occlusive events, and the receipt of blood transfusion in trauma patients. This randomised controlled trial was undertaken in 274 hospitals in 40 countries. ...
Gökçe Selim - - 2010
Hepatotoxicity as a result of valproic acid therapy is well documented. Elevation in aminotransferase activities is rarely associated with symptoms. It sometimes manifests as acute liver failure. Here, we report a 8-year-old girl who was referred for unresolving jaundice and itching for 3 months. Past history revealed afebrile convulsion 5 ...
Ji Qiaoli - - 2010
The hepatotoxicity induced by valproic acid (VPA) has been described in many clinical studies and the related mechanism has been partly elucidated. The objective of this study is to investigate the hepatotoxicity and its underlying mechanism of valproic acid on human hepatoma carcinoma cell line HepG2. The cell viability was ...
Nuutinen Tapio - - 2010
Clusterin is a secreted molecular chaperone, also called apolipoprotein J. Recent genetic studies have demonstrated that clusterin is a significant susceptibility gene for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Clusterin shares several properties with apolipoprotein E, a well-known risk gene for AD, i.e. they bind to amyloid-beta peptides and are present in ...
Glauser Tracy A - - 2010
Childhood absence epilepsy, the most common pediatric epilepsy syndrome, is usually treated with ethosuximide, valproic acid, or lamotrigine. The most efficacious and tolerable initial empirical treatment has not been defined. In a double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial, we compared the efficacy, tolerability, and neuropsychological effects of ethosuximide, valproic acid, and ...
Starer Jacquelyn - - 2010
Benzodiazepine withdrawal is accompanied by a risk of seizures, delirium, and death. While a gradual outpatient taper off of benzodiazepines is the most commonly recommended method for discontinuation, acute inpatient detoxification and seizure prophylaxis may be necessary for some. Complications related to the use of valproic acid for seizure prophylaxis ...
Fourcade Stéphane - - 2010
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) is a fatal, axonal demyelinating, neurometabolic disease. It results from the functional loss of a member of the peroxisomal ATP-binding cassette transporter subfamily D (ABCD1), which is involved in the metabolism of very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA). Oxidative damage of proteins caused by excess of the hexacosanoic ...
Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2010
In view of the safety concerns that led to the withdrawal of aprotinin, should antifibrinolytics be used indiscriminately in cardiac surgery? This meta-analysis examines the efficacy and safety profile of tranexamic acid, and in comparison to aprotinin. We identified randomised trials and large observational studies investigating the use tranexamic acid ...
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