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Gomes Mariana P B - - 2011
Prion diseases remain a challenge to modern science in the 21st century because of their capacity for transmission without an encoding nucleic acid. PrP(Sc) , the infectious and alternatively folded form of the PrP prion protein, is capable of self-replication, using PrP(C) , the properly folded form of PrP, as ...
Jakubowski Hieronim - - 2011
Faithful translation of the genetic code during protein synthesis is fundamental to the growth, development, and function of living organisms. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs), which define the genetic code by correctly pairing amino acids with their cognate tRNAs, are responsible for 'quality control' in the flow of information from a gene ...
Zhang Li - - 2011
Disinfection of drinking water reduces pathogenic infection, but generates disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking water. In this study, the effect of fifteen DBPs on DNA damage in human-derived hepatoma line (HepG2) was investigated by the single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assay. These fifteen DBPs are: four trihalomethanes (THMs), six haloacetic ...
McLeod Michael C - - 2011
The full details of our enantioselective formal synthesis of the biologically active natural product berkelic acid are described. The insertion of the C-18 methyl group proved challenging, with three different approaches investigated to install the correct stereochemistry. Our initial Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons/oxa-Michael approach to the berkelic acid core proved unsuccessful upon translation ...
Spork Anatol Peter - - 2011
Novel hybrid structures of (5'-deoxy-)uridine and glycine were conceived and synthesized. Such nucleosyl amino acids (NAAs) represent simplified analogues of the core structure of muraymycin nucleoside antibiotics, making them useful synthetic building blocks for structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies. The key step of the developed synthetic route was the efficient and ...
Shrestha Ajaya Ram - - 2011
A novel derivative of 2',4'-bridged nucleic acid, named hydroxamate bridged nucleic acid (HxNA), containing six-membered perhydro-1,2-oxazin-3-one ring, was designed and synthesized. The introduction of a carbonyl function along with an N-O linkage in the six-membered bridged structure is the unique structural feature of the novel 2',4'-bridged nucleic acid analogue. The ...
Montis Costanza - - 2011
We report on the association of anionic liposomes from POP-Ade:POPC (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidyladenosine and 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine, respectively) with single- and double-strand nucleic acids, mediated by Ca(2+) bridging. The structural and dynamical features of such complexes are compared with those displayed when the nucleolipid is replaced by POPG (1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-phosphatidyl-glycerol), characterized by the same apolar ...
Arian Dumitru - - 2011
Photocatalytic activity of a photosensitizer (PS) in an oligodeoxyribonucleotide duplex 5'-PS∼ODN1/ODN2∼Q-3' is inhibited because of close proximity of a quencher Q. The ODN2 in this duplex is selected to be longer than the ODN1. Therefore, in the presence of a nucleic acid (analyte), which is fully complementary to the ODN2 ...
Richard Emmanuel - - 2011
Different cellular steps of acid maltase synthesis and subsequent glycogen degradation, by Emmanuel Richard, Gaëlle Douillard-Guilloux, and Catherine Caillaud, pp. 979-986.
Theofilopoulos Argyrios N - - 2011
A collection of molecular sensors has been defined by studies in the last decade that can recognize a diverse array of pathogens and initiate protective immune and inflammatory responses. However, if the molecular signatures recognized are shared by both foreign and self-molecules, as is the case of nucleic acids, then ...
Agarwal Hitesh K - - 2011
Of the three closo-carborane isomers (C(2)B(10)H(12)), closo-1,2-carborane has been used most widely in the synthesis of carboranyl amines. However, closo-1,2-carboranes are prone to deboronation to nido-7,8-carborane under various conditions including attack by basic amino groups. In order to overcome this problem, closo-1,7-carboranyl ethyl-, propyl-, and butylamine were synthesized, which should ...
Stefani Hélio A - - 2011
A series of 2,5-diaryl substituted furans functionalized with several amino acids were synthesized and evaluated as the cyclooxygenases COX-1 and COX-2 enzymes inhibitors. The proline-substituted compound inhibited PGE(2) secretion by LPS-stimulated neutrophils, suggesting selectivity for COX-2. Molecular docking studies in the binding site of COX-2 were performed.
Gu Wenxin - - 2011
(S)-2-Boc-Amino-8-(R)-(tert-butyldimethylsilanyloxy) decanoic acid, the Boc-protected precursor of an unusual amino acid residue for the synthesis of microsporin B, was synthesized. The key steps include a Suzuki coupling followed by asymmetric homogeneous hydrogenation.
Banerjee Amit - - 2011
Stereoselective synthesis of 2-phenyl-oxazolines and 2-phenyl-oxazines via Lewis acid initiated intramolecular cyclization of benzylidene acetal with an azide functional group is described.
Shah Bhavik P - - 2012
Fatty acid-induced stimulation of enteroendocrine cells leads to release of the hormones such as cholecystokinin (CCK) that contribute to satiety. Recently, the fatty acid activated G protein-coupled receptor GPR120 has been shown to mediate long-chain unsaturated free fatty acid-induced CCK release from the enteroendocrine cell line, STC-1, yet the downstream ...
Milne Jacqueline Elizabeth - - 2011
A new convenient and scalable synthesis of phenylacetic acids has been developed via the iodide catalyzed reduction of mandelic acids. The procedure relies on in situ generation of hydroiodic acid from catalytic sodium iodide, employing phosphorus acid as the stoichiometric reductant.
Zick Suzanna M - - 2011
Inhibitors of COX indicate that upregulation of inflammatory eicosanoids produced by COX, and in particular prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), are early events in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Ginger has shown downregulation of COX in vitro and decreased incidence/multiplicity of adenomas in rats. This study was conducted to determine if ...
Bomholt Niels - - 2011
A new locked pyranosyl nucleoside was synthesized by phenylsulfinyl-assisted chemistry. The novel building block was inserted into oligonucleotides and provides new insight on conformational restricted pyranosyl nucleosides on duplex formation.
Shimizu Hiroyo - - 2011
Synthesis of tetrasaccharide portion of ganglioside HPG-1 is described. The tetrasaccharide sequence, Fuc-α(1,8)-Neu5Gc-α(2,4)-Neu5Ac-α(2,6)-Glc, was successfully assembled by a linear strategy, in which the 1,5-lactamized sialyl galactose acceptor and the 8-O-Lev-N-Troc-sialic acid donor were exploited as key units.
Kumar Pradeep - - 2011
The effect of sub-lethal feeding of bait formulations containing molluscicidal component of Ferula asafoetida (ferulic acid, umbelliferone), Syzygium aromaticum (eugenol) and Carum carvi (limonene) on biochemical changes in the ovotestis of snail Lymnaea acuminata were studied. Bait formulations feeding to L. acuminata were studied in clear glass aquaria having diameter ...
Vasilyeva Svetlana V - - 2011
A series of novel nucleoside 5'-triphosphates and phosphoramidites containing alkyne or amino groups for the postsynthetic functionalization of nucleic acids were designed and synthesized. For this purpose, the new 3-aminopropoxypropynyl linker group was used. It contains two alternative functional capabilities: an amino group for the reaction of amino-alkynyl-modified oligonucleotides with ...
Chhatra Rajesh K - - 2011
A novel method for the synthesis of a bile acid-based macrocycle has been developed using click chemistry. The 1,2,3-triazolium derivative of the macrocycle shows remarkable selectivity in binding of chloride ion.
Gellner Magdalena - - 2011
Self-assembly of gold nanospheres with a very thin glass shell onto the surface of beads yields a plasmonically active micron-sized substrate for integrated solid-phase synthesis and label-free SERS analysis. The proof-of-principle of this approach is demonstrated by the vibrational spectroscopic discrimination of three distinct amino acids and a dipeptide.
Oh Joong-Suk - - 2011
Catalytic dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of racemic azlactones with EtOD using squaramide-based dimeric cinchona alkaloid organocatalysts is shown to be a highly effective strategy for the preparation of enantiomerically pure α-deuterated chiral α-amino acids.
Sarotra Pooja - - 2011
Fish oil (FO) rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have a protective role in autoimmune disorders, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer, whereas corn oil (CO) rich in n-6 PUFAs has a proinflammatory and procarcinogenic effect. A balanced n-3/n-6 PUFA ratio in diet rather than absolute intake of ...
Callahan Kathryn E - - 2012
The L1 (LINE 1) retrotransposable element encodes two proteins, ORF1p and ORF2p. ORF2p is the L1 replicase, but the role of ORF1p is unknown. Mouse ORF1p, a coiled-coil-mediated trimer of ∼42-kDa monomers, binds nucleic acids and has nucleic acid chaperone activity. We purified human L1 ORF1p expressed in insect cells ...
Vishwanatha T M - - 2011
One-pot click chemistry of N(α)-Boc-bromomethylketones, NaN(3) and propiolic acid affords N-Boc protected 1,4-disubstituted 1,2,3-β-ketotriazole acids in good to excellent yield. The use of CuI as catalyst and DMSO as solvent leads the click reaction to efficient, practical and column-free preparation of the title compounds. The utility of the resulting unnatural ...
Li Yan - - 2011
Glycosylation of the acid labile betulin and betulinic acid derivatives was achieved with glycosyl ortho-hexynylbenzoates as donors under the catalysis of PPh(3)AuNTf(2); this enabled the efficient synthesis of lupane-type saponins, as exemplified by the total synthesis of the proposed betulinic acid trisaccharide from Bersama engleriana.
Blose Joshua M - - 2011
Osmolytes are small, chemically diverse, organic solutes that function as an essential component of cellular stress response. Protecting osmolytes enhance protein stability via preferential exclusion, and nonprotecting osmolytes, such as urea, destabilize protein structures. Although much is known about osmolyte effects on proteins, less is understood about osmolyte effects on ...
McLeod Michael C - - 2011
An enantioselective formal synthesis of berkelic acid is described. The key step involves a late-stage silyl enol ether addition to a benzannulated oxonium ion with subsequent spiroketalization leading to construction of the tetracyclic core. Thermodynamically controlled equilibration under acidic conditions affords the desired spiroketal configuration as a single diastereoisomer.
Wang Hsin-Neng - - 2011
A label-free approach using plasmonic coupling interference (PCI) nanoprobes for nucleic acid detection using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is described. To induce a strong plasmonic coupling effect, a nanonetwork of silver nanoparticles with the Raman label located between adjacent nanoparticles is assembled by Raman-labeled DNA-locked nucleic acid (LNA) duplexes. The ...
Kim Gha-Young - - 2011
NanoGene assay is a magnetic bead and quantum dot nanoparticles based gene quantification assay. It relies on a set of probe and signaling probe DNAs to capture the target DNA via hybridization. We have demonstrated the inhibition resistance of the NanoGene assay using humic acids laden genomic DNA (gDNA). At ...
DeGuire Sean M SM Departments of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Nashville, TN 37235, - - 2011
By design: a carbanion-mediated cyclization reaction cascade serves as the key final step in the total synthesis of a novel oxylipin, which features a strained bicyclo[1.1.0]butane conjugated to a labile vinyl epoxide.
Ramharter Juergen - - 2011
A mild and selective one-pot procedure to provide 2,4-dienols from simple cycloalkenones in high yields is described. This transformation is based on the in situ formation of acid-labile allylic alcohols, which on treatment with trifluoroacetic acid undergo a formal [1,3]-hydroxy migration to form diastereo- and enantiomerically enriched 2,4-dienols. The usefulness ...
Xu Lei - - 2011
Nucleic acids were found to partition into the phenol phase during phenol extraction in the presence of guanidinium at certain concentrations under acidic conditions. The guanidinium-concentration-dependent nucleic acid partitioning patterns were analogous to those of the nucleic acid adsorption/partitioning onto silica mediated by guanidinium, which implied that phenol and silica ...
Bai Yugang - - 2011
Linear hybrid block copolymers with well controlled molecular weights and narrow polydispersities were synthesized via ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) followed by ring-opening polymerization of amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides.
Dunlap Norma - - 2011
An efficient approach to novel cyclopropyl peptidomimetics has been developed. The synthetic route involves a cyclopropanation using ethyl (dimethylsulfuranylidene)acetate (EDSA) as the key step and affords a cyclopropyl peptidomimetic core in three steps from protected amino acid Weinreb amides.
Nangreave Ryan C - - 2011
Tandemly activated tRNAs participate effectively in protein synthesis and exhibit superior chemical and biochemical stability compared to the more commonly used singly aminoacylated tRNAs. While several bisaminoacylated tRNAs have been prepared via the T4 RNA ligase-mediated condensation of bisaminoacylated pdCpAs and abbreviated tRNA transcripts (tRNA-C(OH)), the bisaminoacylated pdCpAs are difficult ...
Reenabthue Nisanath - - 2011
Conformationally restricted pyrrolidinyl PNAs with an α/β-dipeptide backbone consisting of a nucleobase-modified proline and a cyclic five-membered amino acid spacer such as (1S,2S)-2-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acid (ACPC) (acpcPNA) can form very stable hybrids with DNA with high Watson-Crick base pairing specificity. This work aims to explore the effect of incorporating 3-aminopyrrolidine-4-carboxylic acid ...
Cowley Andrew R - - 2011
The synthesis and likely conformational structure of rigid spirocyclic bislactams and lactam-lactones derived from pyroglutamic acid, and their suitability as lead structures for applications in drug development programmes using cheminformatic analysis, has been investgated.
Karthikeyan Jaganathan - - 2011
A cobalt-catalyzed addition of aryl- and alkenylboronic acids to aldehydes and phthalaldehyde to give the corresponding biarylketones and 3-aryl phthalides in good to excellent yields in one pot is described.
Chebanov Valentin A - - 2011
New and high regioselective method of the synthesis of 2,7-diaryl-4,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acids by reaction of 3-aryl-5-aminopyrazoles with arylidenpyruvic acid at room temperature under ultrasonication was developed and discussed.
Lee Jaewoo - - 2011
Dead and dying cells release nucleic acids. These extracellular RNAs and DNAs can be taken up by inflammatory cells and activate multiple nucleic acid-sensing toll-like receptors (TLR3, 7, 8, and 9). The inappropriate activation of these TLRs can engender a variety of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The redundancy of the ...
Hjelmgaard Thomas - - 2011
The development of a highly efficient methodology for solid-phase synthesis of para- and meta-arylopeptoids (oligomeric N-substituted aminomethyl benzamides) with free acids or free amides at the C-terminus is described. The arylopeptoids were synthesised by means of a convenient submonomer protocol in which the arylopeptoid residues were created in an iterative ...
Katz Ehud - - 2011
Label-free LC-MS/MS-based shot-gun proteomics was used to quantify the differential protein synthesis and metabolite profiling in order to assess metabolic changes during the development of citrus fruits. Our results suggested the occurrence of a metabolic change during citrus fruit maturation, where the organic acid and amino acid accumulation seen during ...
Antonczak Alicja K - - 2011
There are many approaches to introduce non-native functionality into proteins either translationally or post-translationally. When a noncanonical amino acid (NAA) is incorporated translationally, the host organism's existing translational machinery is relied upon to insert the amino acid by the same well-established mechanisms used by the host to achieve high fidelity ...
de Beer Roseri J A C - - 2011
The substrate mimetics approach is a versatile method for small-scale enzymatic peptide-bond synthesis in aqueous systems. The protease-recognized amino acid side chain is incorporated in an ester leaving group, the substrate mimetic. This shift of the specific moiety enables the acceptance of amino acids and peptide sequences that are normally ...
Rajak Harish - - 2011
The enzymatic inhibition of histone deacetylase activity has come out as a novel and effectual means for the treatment of cancer. Two novel series of 2-[5-(4-substitutedphenyl)-[1,3,4]-oxadiazol/thiadiazol-2-ylamino]-pyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid (tetrahydro-pyran-2-yloxy)-amides were designed and synthesized as novel hydroxamic acid based histone deacetylase inhibitors. The antiproliferative activities of the compounds were investigated in vitro ...
Trevino Simon G - - 2011
Multiple lines of evidence support the hypothesis that the early evolution of life was dominated by RNA, which can both transfer information from generation to generation through replication directed by base-pairing, and carry out biochemical activities by folding into functional structures. To understand how life emerged from prebiotic chemistry we ...
Gao Chao - - 2011
Chemoenzymatic synthesis of N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid from N-acetyl-d-glucosamine using the spore surface-displayed N-acetyl-d-neuraminic acid aldolase at a high concentration (53.9 g liter(-1)) was achieved in this study. Thus, displaying a target enzyme on the surface of spores might be an alternative for integration of biocatalytic conversion into chemical synthesis.
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