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Arts Michael T - - 2012
Temperature and ultraviolet B radiation (UVB 290-320 nm) are inextricably linked to global climate change. These two variables may act separately, additively, or synergistically on specific aspects of fish biochemistry. We raised Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) parr for 54 days in outdoor tanks held at 12 and 19 °C and, at each temperature, ...
Chandra Harish Mani HM Plant Genetic Engineering Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant potential of phytochemicals present in 15 commercially important tomato genotypes specifically developed for growing in different geographical regions (high altitude and plain). Antioxidant components of tomatoes, namely lycopene, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, quenching capacity of free radicals, and titratable ...
Corsini Emanuela - - 2012
Progress in understanding the mechanisms of skin sensitization, provides us with the opportunity to develop in vitro tests as an alternative to in vivo sensitization testing. Keratinocytes play a key role in all phases of skin sensitization. We have recently identified interleukin-18 (IL-18) production in keratinocyte as a potentially useful ...
Tashtoush Bassam M - - 2012
At pharmacological doses, nicotinic acid has a lipid-regulating effect and is in use clinically for that purpose. However, despite of all features, its utility is strongly limited by several disadvantages such as, extensive hepatic metabolism and flushing. Transdermal delivery of nicotinic acid may, therefore, be the solution to reducing side ...
Külkamp-Guerreiro Irene C - - 2012
The cosmetic benefit obtained from the use of lipoic acid in the treatment of different skin disorders related to oxidative stress is compromised by its chemical instability, which complicates the preparation of cosmetic formulations suitable for topical use. Considering that nanoencapsulation increases the stability of lipoic acid, the aim of ...
Merinville Eve - - 2012
The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of 1,18-octadecen-9-dioic acid (dioic acid) and a Rumex occidentalis extract complex for their skin lightening action in an Indian population. Prior to the clinical study, the efficacy of dioic as an inhibitor of melanogenesis was confirmed on dark pigmented human ...
Hamazaki-Fujita Nina - - 2012
Little is known about nonpathological facial skin problems at present. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships among facial skin conditions, mood, and the fatty acid composition of red blood cells (RBCs) in women. One hundred and thirty-two apparently healthy Japanese women aged between 20 and ...
Fiume Monice M - - 2012
Stearyl heptanoate is an ester of stearyl alcohol and heptanoic acid that functions in cosmetics as a skin conditioning agent and is in the general class of chemicals called stearyl alkanoates. Stearyl caprylate, stearyl palmitate, stearyl stearate, stearyl behenate, and stearyl olivate are stearyl alkanoates with similar chemical structures, toxicokinetics, ...
- - 2012
On the cover: Recovery of E. coli O157:H7 on selective agars from cilantro enrichment broth, some following Immunomagnetic Separation or acid treatment, from "Detection and Isolation of Low Levels of E. coli O157:H7 in Cilantro by Real-Time PCR, Immunomagnetic Separation, and Cultural Methods with and without an Acid Treatment" by ...
Baiano Antonietta - - 2012
In order to investigate the effects of cryomaceration and reductive vinification on chemical and physical indices and on antioxidant compounds of Sauvignon blanc wines, four wine-making procedures were applied: traditional white vinification, skin cryomaceration, vinification in a reductive environment, and a combination of the last two procedures. Significant differences were ...
Ieri Francesca - - 2012
In the fresh tissues of Prunus mahaleb L., three classes of phenolics were characterised: phenolic acid derivatives (main compound being o-coumaric acid glucoside), quercetin glycosides, and anthocyanins (cyanidin 3,5-diglucoside, cyanidin 3-sambubioside, cyanidin 3-xylosyl-rutinoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside). Coumarin was also identified. The kernels showed a high content of coumarin (0.87mgg(-1)) which ...
Korotin D M - - 2012
XPS measurements of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol (Ni(50.2)Ti(49.8)) before and after chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid (40% HF, 1 min) are presented. The nanostructured state, providing the excellent mechanical properties of nitinol, is achieved by severe plastic deformation. The near-surface layers of nitinol were studied by XPS depth profiling. According ...
Barrett T D - - 2012
JNJ-26070109 [(R)4-bromo-N-[1-(2,4-difluoro-phenyl)-ethyl]-2-(quinoxaline-5-sulfonylamino)-benzamide] is a novel antagonist at cholecystokinin CCK(2) receptors with good pharmacokinetic properties and represents a novel mechanism for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). The purpose of the present study was to determine whether chronic treatment with JNJ-26070109 could prevent, as well as treat, acid rebound in ...
Fagien Steven S Aesthetic Eyelid Plastic Surgery, 660 Glades Road, Suite 210, Boca Raton, Fla 33431, - - 2012
As we currently have a better understanding of the components of facial aging, injectable filling agents have a larger role in nonsurgical facial rejuvenation. Many products are now available worldwide as options for treating the spectrum of indications that include particular agents used for the treatment of various facial rhytides ...
Zeng Shaokui - - 2012
Acid-solubilized collagen (ASC) and pepsin-solubilized collagen (PSC) were extracted from the skin of cobia (Rachycentron canadum). The yields of ASC and PSC were 35.5% and 12.3%, respectively. Based on the protein patterns and carboxymethyl-cellulose chromatography, ASC and PSC were composed of α1α2α3 heterotrimers and were characterised as type I collagen ...
Konda Sailesh - - 2012
Pigmentary abnormalities are among the most common reasons why patients with skin of color visit a dermatologist. Hydroquinone has been a cornerstone for the treatment of hyperpigmentation; however, concerns regarding adverse effects have prompted a search for alternative agents. Some promising topical treatments include soy, licorice, rucinol, mulberry, niacinamide, ellagic ...
Lasmar Mf - - 2012
Background:  Enamel etching for brackets is usually done with phosphoric acid. Er:YAG lasers have been recently used for this purpose with conflicting results. The effects of lasers on tooth demineralization and the effects of different combinations of laser treatments and bonding agents were evaluated in this study. Methods:  The enamel ...
Pires Eduardo José - - 2012
The major objective of this work is to improve the pre-treatments of Brewers´ Spent Grains (BSG) aiming at their use as a source for lignocellulosic yeast carriers' (LCYC) production. Therefore, several pre-treatments of BSG have been designed aiming at obtaining various yeast carriers, differing on their physicochemical composition. Cellulose, hemicellulose, ...
Mohammadpour Mehrdad - - 2012
Kojic acid and deferiprone are iron chelators used for skin lightening and iron-overload treatment, respectively. As iron chelation and free radical scavenging are principal factors for wound healing, it was hypothesised that the local application of these compounds might accelerate wound healing in rats. Ointments of 3%, 6% and 9% ...
Weeks Andrea - - 2012
Conventional and silicone hydrogels as models for contact lenses were prepared to determine the effect of the presence of hyaluronic acid on lysozyme sorption and denaturation. Hyaluronic acid was loaded into poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) and poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)/TRIS - methacryloxypropyltris (trimethylsiloxy silane) hydrogels, which served as models for conventional and silicone hydrogel ...
Beer Kenneth - - 2012
Treatment protocols exist for vascular obstruction due to injections with hyaluronic acids. Options for vascular insult due to non-hyaluronic acid products are less defined. The authors report two cases of vascular insult due to calcium hydroxylapatite and discuss treatment options. Patients who have vascular occlusion due to calcium hydroxylapatite require ...
Lee Chan Woo - - 2012
Accessible triterpenoids of ursane and lupane series, the flavonoid dihydroquercetin and their synthetic derivatives with polar substituentss were tested in vitro for inhibition of collagenase 1 (MMP-1) in UVB irradiation assay. Ursolic acid and uvaol disuccinate were the most active inhibitors in the ursane series. In the lupane series, the ...
L'alloret Florence F L'Oréal Research and Innovation, Chevilly Larue, - - 2012
It is now recognized that to adequately protect skin from sun damage, sunscreens require a photostable combination of ultraviolet (UV) filters with a suitable level of UVA protection. The total amount of UV filters should be as low as possible to avoid adverse skin reactions, potential environmental impact, and to ...
Mizuochi Tatsuki - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis type 1 (BRIC-1), a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of jaundice and pruritus, is caused by mutations in the ATP8B1 gene. Rifampicin has been reported to be an effective treatment of jaundice and pruritus in patients with BRIC. Proposed mechanisms of effect ...
Lim Seok Won - - 2012
A quick hemostatic effect, as well as sclerosing and shrinkage of hemorrhoids, can be attained when internal hemorrhoids are treated by using injection therapy with aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid (ALTA), the outcomes of treatment may be similar to those of a hemorrhoidectomy. However, if the type of hemorrhoid ...
Li Jian - - 2012
Yali pears (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd.) are susceptible to mechanical damage. In this study, the protective effects of chitosan treatments on the quality of bruised pears were evaluated. The fruit were treated with 1.5% chitosan before or after bruise damage, respectively. Then, the fruit were stored at 16 °C and 85-90% ...
Badshah Malik - - 2012
A multi-channel analyzer was used to evaluate biogas potential of sugarcane bagasse (SCB). The Automatic Methane Potential Test System contained fifteen parallel reactors and the same number of gas flow meters attached to the acquisition system. The set of reactors - gas flow meters gave reproducible results during anaerobic digestion ...
Walvoort Marthe T C - - 2012
The automated solid-phase assembly of oligomannuronic acid alginates, key exopolysaccharides of the opportunistic Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa, has been achieved through the use of mannuronic acid building blocks in a fully automated carbohydrate synthesizer. G. A. van der Marel, J. D. C. Codée, and co-workers report in their Communication (DOI: ...
Baygar Taçnur T Department of Processing Technology, Faculty of Fisheries, Mugla University, 48000 Mugla, Kotekli - - 2014
In this study, it was aimed to detect the specific parameters that effect the maturation of farmed sea bass fillets stored in sunflower oil. Sea bass fillets were taken into the pickling solution (2.5% acetic acid and 11% sodium chloride) at 4 °C(±1). Fish meat in each group was analysed for ...
Hogendorf Wouter F J - - 2012
The use of perfluorooctylpropylsulfonylethanol as a new phosphate protecting group and fluorous linker is evaluated in the stepwise solution phase synthesis of a number of biologically relevant (carbohydrate substituted) glycerol teichoic acid fragments. Teichoic acid fragments, up to the dodecamer level, were assembled by means of phosphoramidite chemistry, using a ...
Roviello Giovanni N - - 2012
In this work, we describe the synthesis, evaluation of some biological properties, such as DNA- and RNA-binding ability and in sero stability, as well as the supramolecular assembly of a novel nucleoamino acid based on L: -spinacine. More particularly, a thymine-containing L: -spinacine derivative was synthesized in liquid phase by ...
Yokoi Taishi - - 2012
Octacalcium phosphates (OCPs) co-incorporated with various molar ratios of succinate and suberate ions were synthesized by wet processing. The interplanar spacings of the (100) planes (d(100)) of OCPs formed in the presence of succinic acid (Suc) or suberic acid (Sub) were larger than those of OCPs formed without addition of ...
Fairhurst Nathan W G - - 2012
The Ireland-Claisen [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement has been used to access biologically important β,β'-dihydroxy α-amino acids. The rearrangement reported is highly stereoselective and offers excellent levels of remote stereocontrol. This strategy has been used to synthesize the natural immunosuppressant mycestericin G and ent-mycestericin G, allowing for a revision of absolute configuration of ...
Jalkanen Tero - - 2012
: Thermally promoted addition of undecylenic acid is studied as a method for modifying porous silicon optical reflectors that have been pre-treated with thermal hydrocarbonization. Successful derivatization of undecylenic acid is demonstrated and confirmed with Fourier transform infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies. The results indicate that the hydrocarbonization pre-treatment considerably ...
Pearson Claire - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e33998 in vol. 7.].
Kandasamy Saravanakumar - - 2012
This work was to find out the dominant secondary metabolites derived from the fungus Trichoderma and to test them against skin cancer protein. The metabolites were extracted in 80% methanol from the fungal biomass of Trichoderma isolated from mangrove sediment. The crude methanol extract was purified and analysed for the ...
Fink Patrick - - 2012
[This corrects the article on p. e28498 in vol. 6.].
Ipek Yonal - - 2012
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a biologically and clinically separate type of acute myeloid leukemia characterized by a translocation involving the retinoic acid receptor-alpha (RARa) locus on chromosome 17, the great majority of which is t(15; 17)(q24.1; q21.1) (Collins (1998), Melnick and Licht (1999), and Grimwade (1999)). Retinoic acid is ...
Liu Chi-Hsien - - 2012
The bactericidal properties of myristic acid and curcumin were revealed in a number of studies. However, whether curcumin-loaded myristic acid microemulsions can be used to inhibit Staphylococcus epidermidis, which causes nosocomial infections, has not been reported. Our aim was to develop curcumin-loaded myristic acid microemulsions to inhibit S. epidermidis on ...
Nejatzadeh-Barandozi Fatemeh - - 2012
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different amounts of fertilizers on the polysaccharides of Aloe vera plant. There were four different treatments, viz. T1 = 150% N, T2 = 150% P, T3 = 150% K, and T4 = 150% NPK (50% N + 50% P + 50% K) soil. Crude water-soluble polysaccharides were isolated from the gel juice, skin juice, and flowers of ...
Deore R R - - 2012
The inbuilt 2-N-hydroxy-1-oxo-3-carboxylic acid of isoquinolone was designed as pyrophosphate mimic for hepatitis C NS5B polymerase. Various 2-hydroxy-1-oxo-1,2-dihydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid derivatives 11a-p were synthesized and evaluated as HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors. Compound 11c exhibited moderate inhibitory potency based on the inorganic pyrophosphate generation (IC₅₀ = 9.5 μM) and based on NTP ...
Hohsaka Takahiro - - 2012
Unnatural amino acid mutagenesis allows us to introduce unnatural α-amino acids into internal positions of proteins in response to expanded codons such as amber and four-base codons. To improve the unnatural amino acid mutagenesis, the incorporation of unnatural α-amino acids and non-α-amino acids into the N-terminus of proteins has been ...
Wu Fang - - 2012
Centella asiatica herbs have been prescribed as a traditional medicine for wound healing in China and Southeast Asia for a long time. They contain many kinds of triterpenoid compounds, mainly including glycosides (asiaticoside and madecassoside) and corresponding aglycones (asiatic acid and madecassic acid). To identify which is the major active ...
Pacha Omar - - 2012
Advances in current understanding of the pathophysiology of atopic dermatitis have led to improved targeting of the structural deficiencies in atopic skin. Ceramide deficiency appears to be one of the major alterations in atopic dermatitis and the replenishment of this epidermal component through topically applied ceramide based emollients appears to ...
Bernhardt Harold S - - 2012
The RNA world concept has wide, though certainly not unanimous, support within the origin-of-life scientific community. One view is that life may have emerged as early as the Hadean Eon 4.3-3.8 billion years ago with an atmosphere of high CO(2) producing an acidic ocean of the order of pH 3.5-6. ...
Scott Kristen E N - - 2012
Invadopodia are membrane protrusions that facilitate matrix degradation and cellular invasion. Although lipids have been implicated in several aspects of invadopodia formation, the contributions of de novo fatty acid synthesis and lipogenesis have not been defined. Inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1), the committed step of fatty acid synthesis, reduced ...
Arsic Benjamin - - 2012
Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), and the USA300 strain of CA-MRSA in particular, are known for their rapid community transmission, and propensity to cause aggressive skin and soft tissue infections. To assess factors that contribute to these hallmark traits of CA-MRSA, we evaluated how growth of USA300 and ...
Latreille Julie - - 2012
Intake of monounsaturated fatty acids has been reported to reduce oxidative stress, insulin resistance and related inflammatory processes and may thus protect from skin photoaging. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between the risk of photoaging, monounsaturated fatty acids intake and the sources of monounsaturated fatty ...
Filipowicz A - - 2012
Bioconjugates of a polyamidoamine (PAMAM) G3 dendrimer and an aldehyde were synthesized as carriers for vitamins A and B₆, and the bioavailability of these vitamins for skin nutrition was investigated. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and ultraviolet-visible methods were used to characterize the structure of the bioconjugates and for monitoring release ...
Esmurziev Aslan M - - 2012
A chemoenzymatic approach towards benzoylated uronic acid building blocks has been investigated starting with benzoylated hexapyranosides using regioselective C-6 enzymatic hydrolysis as the key step. Two of the building blocks were reacted with the antiepileptic drug lamotrigine. Glucuronidation of lamotrigine using methyl (2,3,4-tri-O-benzoyl-α-D-glycopyranosyl bromide)uronate proceeded to give the N2-conjugate. However, ...
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