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Kezutyte Toma T Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2013
Fatty acids classified as chemical penetration enhancers (CPEs) might cause the fluidization and perturbation of stratum corneum (SC) lipid matrix. The penetration of oleic, linoleic, lauric and capric acids into human skin was studied by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) imaging and related to fatty acids enhancing effect on ...
Bruno Michela - - 2013
Wound healing is a significant concern in many pathologies (post-surgeries, burns, scars) and the search for new chemical entities is advisable. The lichen compound (+)-usnic acid (1) has found application in dermatological and cosmetic preparations, due to its bacteriostatic and antioxidant activities. The compound has also been shown to stimulate ...
Marsella Rosanna - - 2013
Skin barrier dysfunction exists in both human and canine atopic dermatitis, leading to increased water loss and potentially facilitating allergen penetration and sensitization. Both lipid (e.g. ceramides) and protein (e.g. filaggrin) abnormalities have been described. Some are genetically inherited (e.g. filaggrin mutations are one of the major risk factors in ...
Aoki Shimpo - - 2013
SUMMARY:: The authors evaluated the efficacy of an ultrathin nanosheet consisting of poly-L-lactic acid (75 nm thick) as a wound dressing material. A full-thickness skin defect was made on the backs of mice and overlapped with or without the poly-L-lactic acid nanosheet. Wound healing was more rapidly improved by overlapping ...
Thomas J Regan - - 2013
This article summarizes the antiaging properties of retinoids, glycolic acid, ascorbic acid, and peptide topicals. The supporting evidence is taken from the literature and the primary author's research, consisting of previously published data and new results from ongoing projects.
Ananthapadmanabhan K P - - 2013
Stratum corneum (SC) bilayer lipids, specifically fatty acids, ceramides, and cholesterol, contribute to the permeability barrier function of the skin. Normal skin cleansing is associated with damage to the SC lipids because cleanser surfactants, in addition to providing the desired effect of solubilizing and facilitating the removal of sebum and ...
Nyman Erika - - 2013
Abstract Foetal wounds are unique in their ability to heal rapidly without forming scars. The amniotic fluid, rich in nutrients, growth factors, and hyaluronic acid, surrounds the foetus and is essential to foetal wound healing. The wound healing properties of foetal wounds may be the result of high concentrations of ...
Chaine Aline - - 2013
Campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis are the most frequently reported zoonotic infectious diseases. The present work evaluated the effectiveness of steam treatment at 100°C for 8s, a 5% lactic acid treatment for 1min and their combination for inactivating Salmonella Enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni inoculated on chicken skin. The impact of each treatment ...
Ben-Shabat Shimon - - 2013
The aim of this work was to investigate new pro-vitamins based on α-tocopherol (α-Toc) and fatty acids, and to compare their properties with those of α-tocopherol acetate (α-TAc). Skin levels of α-Toc-fatty acid ester conjugates, total α-Toc and endogenous α-Toc were measured in skin samples taken from separate groups of ...
Zhang Yong-Tai - - 2013
Abstract In this study, cinnamic acid-loaded transfersomes were prepared and dermal microdialysis sampling was used in Sprague-Dawley rats to compare the amount of drug released into the skin using transfersomes as transdermal carriers with that released on using conventional liposomes. The formulation of cinnamic acid-loaded transfersomes was optimized by a ...
Leighton Sarah - - 2013
Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation suppresses adaptive immune responses. This contributes to skin carcinogenesis but may protect from some autoimmune diseases. However, the molecular changes occurring within UV-exposed skin that precipitate the downstream events leading to immune suppression are not fully understood. Using a combination of in vitro and ...
Ali Saba M - - 2013
The "acid mantle" is a topic not only of historical interest, but also of clinical significance and has recently been linked to vital stratum corneum function. Despite compelling basic science evidence placing skin pH as a key factor in barrier homeostasis, stratum corneum integrity, and antimicrobial defense, application of the ...
Carvalho B G - - 2013
In this study, we evaluated models that can be used to simulate amino acids in biological environments via density functional theory (DFT). The goal was to obtain realistic representations that combine computational economy and result quality when compared to experimental data. We increased the complexity of the models by using ...
Olczyk Pawel - - 2013
Changes in extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycans during the wound repair allowed us to apply the burn model in which therapeutic efficacy of propolis and silver sulfadiazine was compared. Burns were inflicted on four pigs. Glycosaminoglycans isolated from healthy and burned skin were quantified using a hexuronic acid assay, electrophoretic fractionation, and ...
Dahl Amanda - - 2013
Hydroquinone (HQ) is the benchmark prescription agent for skin lightening. However, HQ use is recently banned in Europe and in parts of Asia because of potential long-term consequences, including carcinogenesis when orally consumed. This has resulted in development of alternative skin-lightening agents with comparable efficacy to HQ, but better safety ...
Shin Seoung Woo - - 2013
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces DNA damage, oxidative stress, and inflammatory processes in human epidermis, resulting in inflammation, photoaging, and photocarcinogenesis. Adequate protection of skin against the harmful effect of UV irradiation is essential. In recent years naturally occurring herbal compounds such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, and high molecular weight polyphenols ...
Martí Meritxell - - 2013
The antioxidant gallic acid (GA) has been incorporated into cotton (CO) and polyamide (PA) through two different vehicles, that is, liposomes and mixed micelles, and their respective absorption/desorption processes have been studied. Moreover, in vitro percutaneous absorption tests of different cosmetotextiles have been performed to demonstrate antioxidant penetration within the ...
Manaf Yanty Noorziana Abdul - - 2013
The seeds (6.9±0.2% by weight of fruit) of the red-skin rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) contain a considerable amount of crude fat (38.0±4.36%) and thus, the aim of the study was to determine the physico-chemical properties of this fat for potential applications. The iodine and saponification values, and unsaponifiable matter and ...
Zilius Modestas - - 2013
Antioxidant and free radical scavenging effects are attributed to phenolic compounds present in propolis, and when delivered to the skin surface and following penetration into epidermis and dermis, they can contribute to skin protection from damaging action of free radicals that are formed under UV and premature skin aging. This ...
Kenny John G - - 2013
Mannitol (Mtl) fermentation, with the subsequent production of acid, is a species signature of Staphylococcus aureus, and discriminates it from most other members of the genus. Inactivation of the gene mtlD, encoding Mtl-1-P dehydrogenase was found to markedly reduce survival in the presence of the antimicrobial fatty acid, linoleic acid. ...
Nile Shivraj Hariram - - 2013
The polyphenolic contents and the antioxidant activity of the skins and pulps of different grape cultivars were estimated using HPLC and DPPH antioxidant assay, respectively. The phenolics and flavonoids identified were quercetin, kaempferol, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, cinnamic acid, and (-)-epicatechin. The total phenolic contents were found to be the ...
Morofuji Ryo - - 2013
Skin has various types of transporters and is a biochemically active organ. These aspects of skin influence the distribution of chemicals in skin and their elimination from skin. The biochemical and histological variations of the skin must be taken into account when conducting transdermal penetration research. Here we used hairless ...
Desbois Andrew P - - 2013
New compounds are needed to treat acne and superficial infections caused by Propionibacterium acnes and Staphylococcus aureus due to the reduced effectiveness of agents used at present. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are attracting attention as potential new topical treatments for Gram-positive infections due to their antimicrobial potency and anti-inflammatory ...
Miura Yoshiro - - 2013
The author focuses on the biological significance of ω-oxidation of fatty acids. Early studies revealed that there is a subsidiary pathway for β-oxidation of fatty acids when β-oxidation is blocked. Many studies demonstrated that the ω-oxidation serves to provide succinyl-CoA for the citric acid cycle and for gluconeogenesis under conditions ...
Wen Kuo-Ching - - 2013
Melanin is responsible for skin color and plays a major role in defending against harmful external factors such as ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Tyrosinase is responsible for the critical steps of melanogenesis, including the rate-limiting step of tyrosine hydroxylation. The mechanisms of action of skin hypopigmenting agents are thought to be ...
Sharad Jaishree J Skinfiniti Aesthetic Skin and Laser Clinic, Mumbai, - - 2013
Chemical peels have been time-tested and are here to stay. Alpha-hydroxy peels are highly popular in the dermatologist's arsenal of procedures. Glycolic acid peel is the most common alpha-hydroxy acid peel, also known as fruit peel. It is simple, inexpensive, and has no downtime. This review talks about various studies ...
Ran-Ressler Rinat R RR Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, - - 2013
Branched-chain fatty acids (BCFA) are primarily saturated fatty acids (FA) with a methyl branch, usually near the terminal methyl group. BCFA are abundant in bacteria, skin, and vernix caseosa but have seldom been studied with respect to human nutrition. They are constituents of the term newborn infant gut lumen, being ...
Elbayed Karim - - 2012
High-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) is a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique that enables the characterization of metabolic phenotypes/metabolite profiles of cells, tissues and organs, under both normal and pathological conditions, without resorting to time-consuming extraction techniques. In this paper we explore a new domain of application of HR-MAS namely ...
Del Rio Sancho Sergio - - 2012
Percutaneous transdermal absorption of esculetin (6,7-dihydroxycoumarin), an oxidative damage inhibitor, was evaluated by means of in vitro permeation studies in which vertical Franz-type diffusion cells and pig ear skin were employed. To determine the absorption of esculetin, we validated a simple, accurate, precise, and rapid HPLC-UV method. Additionally, the effects ...
Kwon Seung Gee - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Hyaluronic acid filler injection is widely used for soft tissue augmentation. However, there could be disastrous complications by direct vascular embolization. We present a case of ischemic oculomotor nerve palsy and skin necrosis after hyaluronic acid filler injection on glabellar.Blepharoptosis, exotropia and diplopia developed suddenly right after the injection, ...
Mark Harker H Port Sunlight Laboratory, Unilever Research and Development, Quarry Road East, Bebington, Wirral, CH63 3JW, UK. - - 2013
The free amino acid (AA) composition of eccrine sweat is different from other biological fluids, for reasons which are not properly understood. We undertook the detailed analysis of the AA composition of freshly isolated pure human eccrine sweat, including some of the key derivatives of AA metabolism, to better understand ...
Genisheva Z - - 2013
Corn cobs, grape skins and grape stems were evaluated as support materials for immobilization of the lactic acid bacteria Oenococcus oeni. The support materials with immobilized cells were further used in malolactic fermentation (MLF) of white wine. Viability of using the immobilized supports was evaluated in consecutive batch fermentations under ...
Treutter Dieter - - 2012
The fruits of the European plum Prunus domestica exhibit a great diversity in appearance including the skin colors. This study attempts to elucidate the phenylpropanoid and flavonoid profiles of 28 plum varieties belonging to P. domestica and related species as well as hybrids. A total of 49 phenolic compounds extracted ...
Murakami Hitoshi - - 2012
Skin collagen decreases in protein-malnourished states. Amino acids regulate protein metabolism, glutamine stimulates collagen synthesis through the conversion process to proline and provides 75 % of the intracellular free proline in fibroblasts. However, the impact of these amino acids on collagen synthesis under malnutrition has not been examined. We investigated the ...
Park Mi-Ran - - 2013
Fusidic acid is a bacteriostatic antibiotic that is effective primarily on gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus and Corynebacterium species. It is often topically applied to the skin, but is also given systemically as a tablet or injection. Allergic contact dermatitis, or urticaria, has been reported as a side effect of ...
Arts Michael T - - 2012
Temperature and ultraviolet B radiation (UVB 290-320 nm) are inextricably linked to global climate change. These two variables may act separately, additively, or synergistically on specific aspects of fish biochemistry. We raised Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) parr for 54 days in outdoor tanks held at 12 and 19 °C and, at each temperature, ...
Chandra Harish Mani - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the antioxidant potential of phytochemicals present in 15 commercially important tomato genotypes specifically developed for growing in different geographical regions (high altitude and plain). Antioxidant components of tomatoes, namely lycopene, anthocyanin, ascorbic acid, total phenolics, quenching capacity of free radicals, and titratable ...
Corsini Emanuela - - 2012
Progress in understanding the mechanisms of skin sensitization, provides us with the opportunity to develop in vitro tests as an alternative to in vivo sensitization testing. Keratinocytes play a key role in all phases of skin sensitization. We have recently identified interleukin-18 (IL-18) production in keratinocyte as a potentially useful ...
Tashtoush Bassam M - - 2012
At pharmacological doses, nicotinic acid has a lipid-regulating effect and is in use clinically for that purpose. However, despite of all features, its utility is strongly limited by several disadvantages such as, extensive hepatic metabolism and flushing. Transdermal delivery of nicotinic acid may, therefore, be the solution to reducing side ...
Külkamp-Guerreiro Irene C - - 2012
The cosmetic benefit obtained from the use of lipoic acid in the treatment of different skin disorders related to oxidative stress is compromised by its chemical instability, which complicates the preparation of cosmetic formulations suitable for topical use. Considering that nanoencapsulation increases the stability of lipoic acid, the aim of ...
Merinville Eve - - 2012
The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of 1,18-octadecen-9-dioic acid (dioic acid) and a Rumex occidentalis extract complex for their skin lightening action in an Indian population. Prior to the clinical study, the efficacy of dioic as an inhibitor of melanogenesis was confirmed on dark pigmented human ...
Hamazaki-Fujita Nina - - 2012
Little is known about nonpathological facial skin problems at present. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships among facial skin conditions, mood, and the fatty acid composition of red blood cells (RBCs) in women. One hundred and thirty-two apparently healthy Japanese women aged between 20 and ...
Fiume Monice M - - 2012
Stearyl heptanoate is an ester of stearyl alcohol and heptanoic acid that functions in cosmetics as a skin conditioning agent and is in the general class of chemicals called stearyl alkanoates. Stearyl caprylate, stearyl palmitate, stearyl stearate, stearyl behenate, and stearyl olivate are stearyl alkanoates with similar chemical structures, toxicokinetics, ...
- - 2012
On the cover: Recovery of E. coli O157:H7 on selective agars from cilantro enrichment broth, some following Immunomagnetic Separation or acid treatment, from "Detection and Isolation of Low Levels of E. coli O157:H7 in Cilantro by Real-Time PCR, Immunomagnetic Separation, and Cultural Methods with and without an Acid Treatment" by ...
Baiano Antonietta - - 2012
In order to investigate the effects of cryomaceration and reductive vinification on chemical and physical indices and on antioxidant compounds of Sauvignon blanc wines, four wine-making procedures were applied: traditional white vinification, skin cryomaceration, vinification in a reductive environment, and a combination of the last two procedures. Significant differences were ...
Ieri Francesca - - 2012
In the fresh tissues of Prunus mahaleb L., three classes of phenolics were characterised: phenolic acid derivatives (main compound being o-coumaric acid glucoside), quercetin glycosides, and anthocyanins (cyanidin 3,5-diglucoside, cyanidin 3-sambubioside, cyanidin 3-xylosyl-rutinoside and cyanidin 3-rutinoside). Coumarin was also identified. The kernels showed a high content of coumarin (0.87mgg(-1)) which ...
Korotin D M - - 2012
XPS measurements of coarse-grained and nanostructured nitinol (Ni(50.2)Ti(49.8)) before and after chemical treatment in hydrofluoric acid (40% HF, 1 min) are presented. The nanostructured state, providing the excellent mechanical properties of nitinol, is achieved by severe plastic deformation. The near-surface layers of nitinol were studied by XPS depth profiling. According ...
Fagien Steven - - 2012
: As we currently have a better understanding of the components of facial aging, injectable filling agents have a larger role in nonsurgical facial rejuvenation. Many products are now available worldwide as options for treating the spectrum of indications that include particular agents used for the treatment of various facial ...
Barrett T D - - 2012
JNJ-26070109 [(R)4-bromo-N-[1-(2,4-difluoro-phenyl)-ethyl]-2-(quinoxaline-5-sulfonylamino)-benzamide] is a novel antagonist at cholecystokinin CCK(2) receptors with good pharmacokinetic properties and represents a novel mechanism for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). The purpose of the present study was to determine whether chronic treatment with JNJ-26070109 could prevent, as well as treat, acid rebound in ...
Zeng Shaokui - - 2012
Acid-solubilized collagen (ASC) and pepsin-solubilized collagen (PSC) were extracted from the skin of cobia (Rachycentron canadum). The yields of ASC and PSC were 35.5% and 12.3%, respectively. Based on the protein patterns and carboxymethyl-cellulose chromatography, ASC and PSC were composed of α1α2α3 heterotrimers and were characterised as type I collagen ...
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