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Fischer Carol L - - 2013
Lauric acid (C12:0) and sapienic acid (C16:1Δ6) derived from human sebaceous triglycerides are potent antimicrobials found at the human skin surface. Long-chain bases (sphingosine, dihydrosphingosine and 6-hydroxysphingosine) are also potent and broad-acting antimicrobials normally present at the skin surface. These antimicrobials are generated through the action of ceramidases on ceramides ...
Webb David V - - 2013
The ingestion of large amounts of boric acid, a component of household insecticides, is a rare occurrence, characterized by a diffuse desquamative skin eruption, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, delirium, acute renal failure and prolonged ileus. A 56-year-old male with a history of multiple previous suicide attempts was witnessed ingesting household roach killer ...
Fathi-Azarbayjani Anahita A Department of Pharmacy, National University of Singapore, Block S4, level 2, Science Drive 4, 117543, Singapore. ; Department of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, 5756115111, - - 2013
Physical UV absorbers such as titanium dioxide or zinc oxide have been found to be highly protective against ultraviolet radiation. Sun protection factor depends on the accumulation of the minerals on the skin. UV-absorbing agents must accumulate within the upper skin layers in order to provide a dense light-absorbing layer ...
Fallah Arani S - - 2013
Psoriasis vulgaris is a T-cell mediated disease that affects 2-3% of the worldwide white-skinned population. Fumaric acid esters are mentioned as an effective therapy for moderate-to-severe psoriasis vulgaris in adult patients in the new guidelines for psoriasis treatment. To obtain an insight into the use of fumaric acid esters by ...
Roy Amit A Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Columbia Institute of Pharmacy, Tekari, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, - - 2013
Cosmetics comprising either natural or synthetic components are used almost regularly and universally in different forms to enhance the beauty. The utmost disclosure of human membrane to sunlight and environmental pollution results in the exhibition of free radical, that react with deoxyribonucleic acid, proteins and fatty acids, causation oxidative destruction ...
Watabe Akiko - - 2013
Amino acids (AAs) play important roles in maintaining an optimal hydration state of stratum corneum (SC) as a natural moisturizing factor (NMF). Recently, however, we have reported that lactate and potassium significantly affect the hydration state of SC. To explore the source of lactate and potassium in SC, we compared ...
Juzeniene Asta - - 2013
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or its esters mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the most widely practiced form of PDT in dermatology. One of its advantages is that undesirable photosensitization lasts only for 24-48h. In order to optimize ALA-PDT it is necessary to understand the mechanisms of intracellular production and clearance of ...
Sahm D F - - 2013
Clinical development of CEM-102 (fusidic acid) has recently begun in the United States for the treatment of acute skin infections. To support this development the in vitro activity of fusidic acid against important S. aureus clones and resistance phenotypes was determined. Against 51 such isolates, the modal fusidic acid MIC ...
Juzeniene Asta - - 2013
Folate is essential for cell division and growth. Deficiency is linked to birth defects, magaloblastic anaemia, cardiovascular disease, etc. Folic acid is a synthetic form of folate and is used to fortify food and in supplements. In aqueous solutions, in blood and even in human skin, folic acid may be ...
Lønne G K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: There is an increasing demand for scientifically documented over-the-counter products on the cosmetic market. Salmon eggs are rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as free amino acids and lipids documented to be beneficial for skin. Of the fatty acids, several are commonly ...
Sae-Leaw Thanasak - - 2013
Changes in lipids, lipoxygenase activity and fishy odour development in the skin of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) during iced storage of 18days were monitored. Triacylglycerol content of skin decreased with coincidental increases in free fatty acid, monoacylglycerol, diacylglycerol and phospholipid contents during storage (p<0.05). During iced storage, peroxide value increased ...
Verma Shivani - - 2013
The occurrence of topical fungal infections is increasing nowadays. Cutaneous fungal infections like cutaneous candidiasis are more prominent in patients associated with AIDS. Current available strategies for the treatment of cutaneous fungal infections are creams or gels which show various adverse effects on skin along with systemic absorption. These drawbacks ...
Park Sung-Il - - 2013
This work describes the use of a novel transepidermal drug carrier system composed of phospholipids and amphiphilc poly(amino acid)s. We polymerized poly(asparagine) grafted with octadecylamine (PAsn-g-C18), poly(aspartic acid) grafted with octadecylamine (PAsp-g-C18), and poly(aspartic acid) grafted with phytosphingosine (PAsp-g-PHS). We then prepared polymer hybridized liposomes (PHL) anchored with alkyl grafted ...
Fiume Monice M - - 2013
Cocamide diethanolamine (DEA) and some of the other diethanolamides are mainly used as surfactant foam boosters or viscosity increasing agents in cosmetics, although a few are reported to be used as hair and skin conditioning agents, surfactant-cleansing or surfactant-emulsifying agents, or as an opacifying agent. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) ...
Haddican Madelaine - - 2013
Burning and/or stinging is one of the most common concerns expressed by patients using topical therapies for treatment of dermatologic disorders. Topical lactic acid preparations often are used to treat dry scaly skin. In this study, we compared the level of burning/stinging reported by participants with application of lactic acid ...
Maksymiak Magdalena - - 2013
RATIONALE: Currently, most of the antioxidants and free radical neutralizers used in cosmetic compositions are absorbed quickly into deeper layers of skin, and then carried away by the blood stream. It would be beneficial to delay the penetration of antioxidants to the deeper layers of skin to control their delivery ...
Weise Christin - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Oral administration of specific food ingredients can modify mucosal and systemic inflammatory processes. Such food components are fatty acids or carbohydrates. Nevertheless, little is known about the impact of oral administration of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and non-digestible oligosaccharides on allergen-induced dermatitis. METHOD: In this pilot study, skin inflammation ...
Anderson Austen - - 2013
Contact dermatitis to topical tretinoin or retinoic acid is rarely described. We outline the case of a 20-year-old woman presenting with bilateral periorbital dermatitis against the background of longstanding use of retinoic acid for the ocular complications of toxic epidermal necrolysis. Patch testing confirmed a contact allergy to retinoic acid ...
Campanati A - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Several studies have demonstrated that ozonated oil is effective on cutaneous wound healing. This in vivo study has been conducted to evaluate the clinical effect of the topical application of ozonated oil for 12 weeks on second-degree skin burns. METHOD: A total of 30 patients suffering from ...
Woolery-Lloyd Heather C - - 2013
In this review, we examine published data reporting the efficacy of pharmaceutical agents to treat associated postinflammatory hyperpigmentation commonly seen in skin of color. Retinoids and azelaic acid have been widely used to treat acne. Now there are increasing data describing their use in skin of color for the treatment ...
Fujii Masanori - - 2013
Hairless mice fed a special diet, HR-AD, develop atopic dermatitis (AD)-like skin inflammation with skin barrier defects and itch-related scratching; however, the ingredient(s) causing the dermatitis remains unclear. In this study, we examined whether deficiency of certain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is involved in HR-AD-induced AD. High-purity PUFAs were given ...
Wu Yan - - 2013
The objective of the study was to investigate whether a topical antioxidant complex containing vitamins C and E and ferulic acid can protect solar-simulated ultraviolet irradiation (ssUVR)-induced acute photodamage in human skin.<BR> Twelve healthy female Chinese subjects were enrolled in this study. Four unexposed sites on dorsal skin were marked ...
Norman James J JJ School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, - - 2013
Limitations with standard intradermal injections have created a clinical need for an alternative, low-cost injection device. In this study, we designed a hollow metal microneedle for reliable intradermal injection and developed a high-throughput micromolding process to produce metal microneedles with complex geometries. To fabricate the microneedles, we laser-ablated a 70 ...
Hirata Kazumasa - - 2013
Carbenoxolone (CEX), a semi-synthetic derivative of glycyrrhetinic acid, has previously been used as a disodium salt for the management of dyspepsia and peptic ulcer because of its anti-inflammatory properties. Although glycyrrhetinic acid is available in pharmaceutical and personal care products for skin care, the topical use of the free acid ...
Rahman Mahfoozur - - 2013
Psoriasis is a multifactorial autoimmune skin disorder based on irregularities in the T- cell function. The abnormal keratinocyte hyper proliferation in psoriasis arises due to the activation of T-cells which produces rich amount of arachidonic acid leads to generation of  various proinflammatory mediators like PGs, LTs, cytokines and adhesion molecules ...
Paterson Elyse K EK Department of Biological Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-2400, - - 2013
Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1), an enzyme that catalyses the conversion of lipid aldehydes to lipid carboxylic acids, plays pleiotropic roles in UV-radiation resistance, melanogenesis and stem cell maintenance. In this study, a combination of RNAi and pharmacologic approaches were used to determine which ALDH1A1 substrates and products regulate melanogenesis. Initial ...
Cichewicz Allie - - 2013
To assess whether the composition and charge of microemulsions affect their ability to simultaneously deliver α-tocopherol and lipoic acid into viable skin layers. α-Tocopherol and lipoic acid were added (1.1 and 0.5% w/w, respectively) to decylglucoside-based microemulsions containing mono-dicaprylin. Microemulsions containing surfactant : oil : water (w/w/w) at 60 : 30 : 10 (ME-O) and 46 : 23 : 31 (ME-W), as ...
Kang Daejung - - 2013
Three sections of Aspergillus (five species, 21 strains) were classified according to culture medium-dependent and time-dependent secondary metabolite profile-based chemotaxonomy. Secondary metabolites were analysed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS-MS) and multivariate statistical methods. From the Aspergillus sections that were cultured on malt extract agar (MEA) and Czapek ...
Fracassetti Daniela - - 2013
The aims of this study were the evaluation of polyphenols and vitamin C content, and antioxidant capacity of dehydrated pulp powder and the dried flour obtained from the skin and seeds residue remaining after pulp preparation from camu-camu (Myrciaria dudia). Fifty-three different phenolics were characterised by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS-MS and UPLC-HR-QTOF-MS-MS. The ...
Broschard Thomas H - - 2013
The absorption and excretion of the insect repellent IR3535(®) was studied in human subjects (five males and five females) after dermal application of approx. 3 grams of a formulation containing 20% IR3535(®), i.e. the total amount of IR3535(®) applied were between 1.94-3.4mmol/person (418 - 731mg/person). Blood and urinary concentrations of ...
Kezutyte Toma T Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania, - - 2013
Fatty acids classified as chemical penetration enhancers (CPEs) might cause the fluidization and perturbation of stratum corneum (SC) lipid matrix. The penetration of oleic, linoleic, lauric and capric acids into human skin was studied by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) imaging and related to fatty acids enhancing effect on ...
Bruno Michela - - 2013
Wound healing is a significant concern in many pathologies (post-surgeries, burns, scars) and the search for new chemical entities is advisable. The lichen compound (+)-usnic acid (1) has found application in dermatological and cosmetic preparations, due to its bacteriostatic and antioxidant activities. The compound has also been shown to stimulate ...
Marsella Rosanna - - 2013
Skin barrier dysfunction exists in both human and canine atopic dermatitis, leading to increased water loss and potentially facilitating allergen penetration and sensitization. Both lipid (e.g. ceramides) and protein (e.g. filaggrin) abnormalities have been described. Some are genetically inherited (e.g. filaggrin mutations are one of the major risk factors in ...
Aoki Shimpo - - 2013
SUMMARY:: The authors evaluated the efficacy of an ultrathin nanosheet consisting of poly-L-lactic acid (75 nm thick) as a wound dressing material. A full-thickness skin defect was made on the backs of mice and overlapped with or without the poly-L-lactic acid nanosheet. Wound healing was more rapidly improved by overlapping ...
Thomas J Regan - - 2013
This article summarizes the antiaging properties of retinoids, glycolic acid, ascorbic acid, and peptide topicals. The supporting evidence is taken from the literature and the primary author's research, consisting of previously published data and new results from ongoing projects.
Ananthapadmanabhan K P - - 2013
Stratum corneum (SC) bilayer lipids, specifically fatty acids, ceramides, and cholesterol, contribute to the permeability barrier function of the skin. Normal skin cleansing is associated with damage to the SC lipids because cleanser surfactants, in addition to providing the desired effect of solubilizing and facilitating the removal of sebum and ...
Nyman Erika - - 2013
Abstract Foetal wounds are unique in their ability to heal rapidly without forming scars. The amniotic fluid, rich in nutrients, growth factors, and hyaluronic acid, surrounds the foetus and is essential to foetal wound healing. The wound healing properties of foetal wounds may be the result of high concentrations of ...
Chaine Aline - - 2013
Campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis are the most frequently reported zoonotic infectious diseases. The present work evaluated the effectiveness of steam treatment at 100°C for 8s, a 5% lactic acid treatment for 1min and their combination for inactivating Salmonella Enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni inoculated on chicken skin. The impact of each treatment ...
Ben-Shabat Shimon - - 2013
The aim of this work was to investigate new pro-vitamins based on α-tocopherol (α-Toc) and fatty acids, and to compare their properties with those of α-tocopherol acetate (α-TAc). Skin levels of α-Toc-fatty acid ester conjugates, total α-Toc and endogenous α-Toc were measured in skin samples taken from separate groups of ...
Zhang Yong-Tai - - 2013
Abstract In this study, cinnamic acid-loaded transfersomes were prepared and dermal microdialysis sampling was used in Sprague-Dawley rats to compare the amount of drug released into the skin using transfersomes as transdermal carriers with that released on using conventional liposomes. The formulation of cinnamic acid-loaded transfersomes was optimized by a ...
Leighton Sarah - - 2013
Exposure to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation suppresses adaptive immune responses. This contributes to skin carcinogenesis but may protect from some autoimmune diseases. However, the molecular changes occurring within UV-exposed skin that precipitate the downstream events leading to immune suppression are not fully understood. Using a combination of in vitro and ...
Ali Saba M - - 2013
The "acid mantle" is a topic not only of historical interest, but also of clinical significance and has recently been linked to vital stratum corneum function. Despite compelling basic science evidence placing skin pH as a key factor in barrier homeostasis, stratum corneum integrity, and antimicrobial defense, application of the ...
Carvalho B G - - 2013
In this study, we evaluated models that can be used to simulate amino acids in biological environments via density functional theory (DFT). The goal was to obtain realistic representations that combine computational economy and result quality when compared to experimental data. We increased the complexity of the models by using ...
Olczyk Pawel - - 2013
Changes in extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycans during the wound repair allowed us to apply the burn model in which therapeutic efficacy of propolis and silver sulfadiazine was compared. Burns were inflicted on four pigs. Glycosaminoglycans isolated from healthy and burned skin were quantified using a hexuronic acid assay, electrophoretic fractionation, and ...
Dahl Amanda - - 2013
Hydroquinone (HQ) is the benchmark prescription agent for skin lightening. However, HQ use is recently banned in Europe and in parts of Asia because of potential long-term consequences, including carcinogenesis when orally consumed. This has resulted in development of alternative skin-lightening agents with comparable efficacy to HQ, but better safety ...
Shin Seoung Woo - - 2013
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces DNA damage, oxidative stress, and inflammatory processes in human epidermis, resulting in inflammation, photoaging, and photocarcinogenesis. Adequate protection of skin against the harmful effect of UV irradiation is essential. In recent years naturally occurring herbal compounds such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, and high molecular weight polyphenols ...
Martí Meritxell - - 2013
The antioxidant gallic acid (GA) has been incorporated into cotton (CO) and polyamide (PA) through two different vehicles, that is, liposomes and mixed micelles, and their respective absorption/desorption processes have been studied. Moreover, in vitro percutaneous absorption tests of different cosmetotextiles have been performed to demonstrate antioxidant penetration within the ...
Manaf Yanty Noorziana Abdul - - 2013
The seeds (6.9±0.2% by weight of fruit) of the red-skin rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) contain a considerable amount of crude fat (38.0±4.36%) and thus, the aim of the study was to determine the physico-chemical properties of this fat for potential applications. The iodine and saponification values, and unsaponifiable matter and ...
Zilius Modestas - - 2013
Antioxidant and free radical scavenging effects are attributed to phenolic compounds present in propolis, and when delivered to the skin surface and following penetration into epidermis and dermis, they can contribute to skin protection from damaging action of free radicals that are formed under UV and premature skin aging. This ...
Kenny John G - - 2013
Mannitol (Mtl) fermentation, with the subsequent production of acid, is a species signature of Staphylococcus aureus, and discriminates it from most other members of the genus. Inactivation of the gene mtlD, encoding Mtl-1-P dehydrogenase was found to markedly reduce survival in the presence of the antimicrobial fatty acid, linoleic acid. ...
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