Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 4203
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Salama El-Sayed - - 2014
A freshwater microalga Chlamydomonas mexicana was grown on municipal wastewater with different levels of salinity up to 400 mmol/L NaCl, and the biochemical properties were characterized after 10 days of cultivation. C. mexicana showed the higher specific growth rates for 100 and 200mmol/L NaCl. Nitrogen was completely removed within 10 ...
Park Junghoon - - 2014
The anaerobic degradation of each amino acid that could be generated through the hydrolysis of sewage sludge was evaluated. Stickland reaction as an intermediate reaction between two kinds of amino acids was restricted in order to evaluate each amino acid. Changes in the chemical oxygen demand (COD), T-N, NH4(+)-N, biogas, ...
Hevekerl Antje A Thünen-Institute of Agricultural Technology, Bundesallee 50, 38116, Braunschweig, - - 2014
Itaconic acid is an important industrial building block and is produced by the filamentous fungi Aspergillus terreus. To make the optimization process more efficient, a scale-down from shake flasks to microtiter plates was performed. This resulted in comparable product formations, and 87.7 g/L itaconic acid was formed after 10 days of cultivation ...
Schmidt Moritz J MJ Department of Chemistry, University of Konstanz, Universitätsstrasse 10, 78457 Konstanz - - 2014
The site-selective introduction of photo-crosslinking groups into proteins enables the discovery and mapping of weak and/or transient protein interactions with high spatiotemporal resolution, both in vitro and in vivo. We report the genetic encoding of a furan-based, photo-crosslinking amino acid in human cells; it can be activated with red light, ...
Gauglitz Julia M JM Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California , Santa Barbara, California 93106-9510, United - - 2014
Marine bacteria produce an abundance of suites of acylated siderophores characterized by a unique, species-dependent headgroup that binds iron(III) and one of a series of fatty acid appendages. Marinobacter sp. DS40M6 produces a suite of seven acylated marinobactins, with fatty acids ranging from saturated and unsaturated C12-C18 fatty acids. In ...
Sciubba Fabio F a Istituto di Cristallografia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) , via G. Amendola, 122/O 70126, Bari , - - 2014
High-resolution proton NMR spectroscopy was performed on three Italian hazelnut cultivars, Tonda di Giffoni, Mortarella and Tonda Gentile Romana, and it allowed to define their metabolic profile. The hazelnuts were grown in the same pedoclimatic conditions in the Monti Cimini (Latium) area. The samples were obtained by using a modified ...
Romagnoli Gabriele G Department of Biotechnology, Delft University of Technology, Julianalaan 67, 2628 BC, Delft, The Netherlands; Kluyver Centre for Genomics of Industrial Fermentation, P.O. Box 5057, 2600 GA, Delft, The - - 2014
Its characteristic rose-like aroma makes phenylethanol a popular ingredient in foods, beverages and cosmetics. Microbial production of phenylethanol currently relies on whole-cell bioconversion of phenylalanine with yeasts that harbor an Ehrlich pathway for phenylalanine catabolism. Complete biosynthesis of phenylethanol from a cheap carbon source such as glucose provides an economically ...
Mohamed Gamal A GA a Department of Natural Products , Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah 21589 , Saudi - - 2014
Chemical investigation of the Red Sea sponge Mycale euplectellioides afforded two new compounds; hexacosa-(6Z,10Z)-dienoic acid methyl ester (1) and hexacosa-(6Z,10Z)-dienoic acid (2), along with two known compounds: icosa-(8Z,11Z)-dienoic acid methyl ester (3) and β-sitosterol (4). The structures were elucidated by the interpretation of their spectral data. The total methanol extract ...
Vigneshkumar Balasubramanian B Department of Biotechnology, Alagappa University, Science Campus, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the main surface constituent of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipid A, the hydrophobic moiety, outer monolayer of the outer cell membrane forms the major component of LPS. Immunogenic Lipid A is recognized by the innate immune system through the TLR 4/MD-2 complex. Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1, a Gram-negative bacterium is ...
Böttcher Christoph C 1 Leibniz Institute of Plant - - 2014
Indolic secondary metabolites play an important role in pathogen defence in cruciferous plants. In Arabidopsis thaliana, in addition to the characteristic phytoalexin camalexin, derivatives of indole-3-carbaldehyde (ICHO) and indole-3-carboxylic acid (ICOOH) are synthesized from tryptophan via the intermediates indole-3-acetaldoxime (IAOx) and indole-3-acetonitrile (IAN). Based on feeding experiments combined with nontargeted ...
Murza Alexandre A Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada; Institut de Pharmacologie de Sherbrooke, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, - - 2014
Apelin is the endogenous ligand of APJ, which belongs to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors. In recent years, the apelin/APJ system has been detected in many tissues and emerges as a promising target for the treatment of various pathophysiological conditions. Pyr1-apelin-13 is the major isoform of apelin in human ...
Matsnev Andrej V AV Department of Chemistry, Advanced Materials Research Laboratory, Clemson University , 91 Technology Drive, Anderson, South Carolina 29625, United - - 2014
Three novel, easily scalable routes for the synthesis of pentafluorosulfanyldifluoroacetic acid, SF5CF2C(O)OH, are described. Reactions of its acid chloride with amines and alcohols led to a small library of 15 amides and five esters, respectively. The reaction of the acid chloride with phenylmagnesium bromide gave the corresponding acetophenone. Pentafluorosulfanyldifluoroacetonitrile was ...
Poole Thomas H - - 2014
Protein sulfenic acids are formed by the reaction of biologically relevant reactive oxygen species with protein thiols. Sulfenic acid formation modulates the function of enzymes and transcription factors either directly or through the subsequent formation of protein disulfide bonds. Identifying the site, timing, and conditions of protein sulfenic acid formation ...
Lindgren J K JK University of Nebraska Medical Center, Departments of Pathology and - - 2014
Allelic replacement mutants were constructed within arginine deiminase (arcA1 and arcA2) to assess the function of the arginine deiminase pathway (ADI) in organic acid resistance and biofilm formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis 1457. A growth-dependent acidification assay (pH ∼5.0-5.2) determined that 1457 devoid of arginine deiminase activity (1457 ΔADI) was significantly ...
Holland Aleicia A School of Medical and Applied Sciences, Centre for Environmental Management, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, 4702, Australia, - - 2014
Differences relating to the ability of various types of humic substances (HS) to influence toxicity of pollutants have been reported in the literature, but there still remains a gap in understanding whether various HS will have the same influence on the toxicity of acid mine drainage (AMD). This study investigated ...
Tan Li L Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, Kumamoto, 860-8555, - - 2014
Distilled grain waste eluted from Chinese spirit making is rich in carbohydrates, and could potentially serve as feedstock for the production of bio-fuel ethanol. Our study evaluated two types of saccharification methods that convert distilled grain waste to monosaccharides: enzymatic saccharification and concentrated H2SO4 saccharification. Results showed that enzymatic saccharification ...
Qiu Shiran - - 2014
Phenoxy acid herbicides are important groundwater contaminants. Stable isotope analysis and enantiomer analysis are well-recognized approaches for assessing in situ biodegradation in the field. In an aerobic degradation survey with six phenoxyacetic acid and three phenoxypropionic acid degrading bacteria we measured (a) carbon isotope fractionation of the herbicides MCPA (4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic ...
Levy Evgeniya E Department of Applied Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram, Jerusalem 91904, - - 2014
In this paper, the fourth one of our series on the dielectric spectrum symmetrical broadening of water, we consider amino acid (AA) aqueous solutions. The developed 3D-trajectory is applied here to the variety of zwitterion amino acids representing both the hydrophobic and hydrophilic nature of their residues. The dipole moment ...
Tsuda Takeo - - 2014
L-amino acid ligase (Lal) catalyzes the formation of a dipeptide from two L-amino acids in an ATP-dependent manner and belongs to the ATP-grasp superfamily. Bacillus subtilis YwfE, the first identified Lal, produces the dipeptide antibiotic bacilysin, which consists of L-Ala and L-anticapsin. Its substrate specificity is restricted to smaller amino ...
García-Sánchez Edgar E Instituto de Investigaciones Químico Biológicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo , Ciudad Universitaria, Morelia, Michoacán 58030, - - 2014
Chemical investigation of the hexanes extracts of Ageratina jocotepecana afforded (-)-(5S,9S,10S,13S)-labd-7-en-15-oic acid (1), methyl (-)-(5S,9S,10S,13S)-labd-7-en-15-oate (2), (+)-(5S,8R,9R,10S,13R)-8-hydroxylabdan-15-oic acid (3), and (-)-(5S,9S,10S,13Z)-labda-7,13-dien-15-oic acid (5). The coexistence of (13R)- and (13S)-labdanes in this member of the Asteraceae family was demonstrated by vibration circular dichroism measurements of ester 2 and methyl (+)-(5S,8R,9R,10S,13R)-8-hydroxylabdan-15-oate (4) ...
Krishna Yarkali Y Medicinal and Process Chemistry Division and ‡Centre for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, SAIF, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute , Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226031, - - 2014
Described here is the design, synthesis, and conformational analysis of cyclic tetrapeptides (CTPs) with α3γ architecture containing a furan-based locked Z-vinylogous amino acid (Vaa). This unnatural amino acid locks into a γ-turn that induces type IαRS-turn in the CTPs. Stabilized by a 13-membered intramolecular H-bond, these CTPs show robust conformation ...
Ruiz Antonieta - - 2014
Calafate (Berberis microphylla G. Forst) is an edible wild berry growing in South Patagonia that is very rich in anthocyanins and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. Calafate contains unusual phenolic compounds compared to other berries, like anthocyanidin dihexosides, different to the common 3,5-diglucosides, and isomeric esters of caffeic acid with hexaric acids. ...
Ozkan Gülcan G Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Süleyman Demirel, 32000, Isparta, - - 2014
Caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, rutin, apigenin 7-O-glucoside, apigenin, and acesetin were the main phenolic compounds of Origanum onites extracts in all applications. While acesetin contents ranged from 133.59 mg/100 g (U1) to 437.25 mg/100 g (S3), rosmarinic acid changed between 215.94 mg/100 g (U4) and 1120.56 mg/100 g (S2) in Origanum vulgare L. subsp. hirtum (Link) Ietsw. Both ...
Fan Senqing S School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, 610065 Chengdu, - - 2014
The secondary metabolites accumulated in a pervaporation membrane bioreactor during ethanol fermentation were mostly composed of acetic acid, lactic acid, propionic acid, citric acid, succinic acid and glycerol. The inhibition effect of these compounds at a broad concentration range was studied through ethanol fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. An increasing concentration ...
Wu Xiao-Peng XP a College of Pharmaceutical Science, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University , Hangzhou 310053 , - - 2014
A new ursane-type triterpene, cymosic acid (1) together with two known compounds, 3β,19α-dihydroxy-2-oxo-12-ursen-28-oic acid (2) and 2α,19α-dihydroxy-3-oxo-12-ursen-28-oic acid (3), were isolated from Rosa cymosa Tratt. The structure of compound 1 was elucidated by analyzing its (1)H and (13)C NMR, (1)H-(1)H COSY, HSQC, HMBC, NOESY, and HR-ESI-MS values. The three compounds ...
Uchida Yuki Y Department of Life Science and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry, Materials and Bioengineering, Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-Cho, Suita, Osaka-Fu, 564-8680, - - 2014
We successfully cloned a novel branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase (Ts-BcAT; EC 2.6.1.42) gene from the Thermococcus sp. CKU-1 genome and expressed it in the soluble fraction of Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) cells. Ts-BcAT is a homodimer with an apparent molecular mass of approximately 92 kDa. The primary structure of Ts-BcAT showed ...
Sidorov Roman A RA Laboratory of Lipid Metabolism, K. A. Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya ul. 35, Moscow 127276, Russia, (phone: +7-499-9778355; fax: - - 2014
The dynamics of the fatty-acid (FA) composition of neutral acylglycerols (NAGs) composed of 1,2,3-triacyl-sn-glycerols (TAGs) and 3-acetyl-1,2-diacyl-sn-glycerols (acDAGs) was determined in the fruit seeds and arils of three Euonymus L. species at three stages of their maturity. The NAG composition comprised 29 FAs, linoleic, oleic, palmitic, and α-linolenic acids being ...
de Los Reyes Carolina C Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Universidad de Cádiz, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, - - 2014
The chemical study of the microalgae Chlamydomonas debaryana and Nannochloropsis gaditana has led to the isolation of oxylipins. The samples of C. debaryana have yielded the compounds (4Z,7Z,9E,11S,13Z)-11-hydroxyhexadeca-4,7,9,13-tetraenoic acid (1), (4Z,7E,9E,13Z)-11-hydroxyhexadeca-4,7,9,13-tetraenoic acid (2), (4Z,6E,10Z,13Z)-8-hydroxyhexadeca-4,6,10,13-tetraenoic acid (3), (4Z,8E,10Z,13Z)-7-hydroxyhexadeca-4,8,10,13-tetraenoic acid (4), and (5E,7Z,10Z,13Z)-4-hydroxyhexadeca-5,7,10,13-tetraenoic acid (5), which are derived from the fatty acid ...
Nedumaran D - - 2014
Zr mesoporous materials with different Si/Zr ratio were synthesized by the surfactant-templated method involving cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) as template and tetraethyl ortho silicate (TEOS) as organic source of silicon. The synthesized materials were labeled as SiZrMx (where x is Si/Zr = 10, 20 and 30). The BET analysis ...
Armstrong Alan - - 2014
The scope of the NCS mediated amination/[2,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement of enantioenriched allylic selenides has been expanded to provide access to three new product classes. Use of N-protected amino acid amides provides a novel strategy for accessing peptide chains containing unnatural vinyl glycine amino acid residues. Also reported is the use of ...
Li Weina W Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Aarhus, - - 2014
To maintain biological functions, thousands of different reactions take place in human body at physiological pH (7.0) and mild conditions, which is associated with health and disease. Therefore, to examine the catalytic function of the intrinsically occurring molecules, such as amino acids at neutral pH, is of fundamental interests. Natural ...
Belge Burcu - - 2014
Although postharvest quality of fruit produce is greatly impacted by cuticle composition, structure and properties, very few published studies have analyzed fruit cuticle composition from a postharvest perspective. In this work, the chemical composition of waxes and cutin, major cuticular components, was analyzed in fruit cuticle samples isolated from a ...
Ray G Joseph GJ Baxter Healthcare Corporation , Round Lake, 60073, Illinois, United - - 2014
Polysialic acid (PSA) is a high molecular weight glycan composed of repeat units of α(2→8) linked 5-N-acetyl-neuraminic acid. Mild periodate oxidation of PSA selectively targets the end sialic acid ring containing three adjacent alcohols generating a putative aldehyde, which can be used for terminal attachment of PSA to therapeutic proteins. ...
Abdallah Dina D Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69361, France Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France INSA-Lyon, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France CPE Lyon, Villeurbanne, F-69616, France ICBMS CNRS UMR 5246, Villeurbanne, F-69622, France; Genomic and Health laboratory/PRASE-EDST Campus Rafic Hariri-Hadath-Beirut-Liban, Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese university, Beirut 999095, - - 2014
Hypertrophic chondrocytes participate in matrix mineralization by releasing Matrix Vesicles (MVs). These MVs, by accumulating Ca(2+) and phosphate initiate the formation of hydroxyapatite. To determine the types of lipids essential for mineralization, we analyzed Fatty Acids (FAs) in MVs, microvilli and in membrane fractions of chondrocytes isolated from femurs of ...
Akhlaghi A A Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, 71441-65186 Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Avian spermatozoa are characteristically high in polyunsaturated fatty acids which predispose them to lipoperoxidation, thereby diminishing their fertility. As a by-product, well-known for antioxidative properties, dried apple pomace (AP) was fed to aging Ross 308 breeder roosters (n=80) at the dietary inclusion levels of 0 (AP0), 10 (AP10), 20 (AP20), ...
Josephson Daniel C DC Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853-3001, USA, - - 2014
Honnedaga Lake in the Adirondack region of New York has sustained a heritage brook trout population despite decades of atmospheric acid deposition. Detrimental impacts from acid deposition were observed from 1920 to 1960 with the sequential loss of acid-sensitive fishes, leaving only brook trout extant in the lake. Open-lake trap ...
D'aes Jolien J Laboratory of Phytopathology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, - - 2014
Pseudomonas CMR12a is a biocontrol strain that produces phenazine antibiotics and as yet uncharacterized cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs). The CLPs of CMR12a were studied by chemical structure analysis and in silico analysis of the gene clusters encoding the nonribosomal peptide synthetases responsible for CLP biosynthesis. CMR12a produces two different classes of ...
Li Si S Shanghai Key Laboratory of Functional Materials Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, PR - - 2014
A homogeneous glycopeptide with a molecular weight of 1.61×10(5)Da, termed as MT2-A, was isolated from crude mannatide by DEAE-52 cellulose column and Sephacryl S-300 gel column. The polysaccharide moiety of MT2-A was mainly composed of mannose and trace amount of glucose. Besides, MT2-A contained 16 kinds of amino acids and ...
Purba Endang R ER Research Center for Environmental Bioscience and Department of Bioscience, School of Science and Technology, Kwansei Gakuin University, Sanda, - - 2014
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) contributes to cell growth, but the contribution of sEH to embryonic development is not well understood. In this study, Xenopus sEH cDNA was isolated from embryos of Xenopus laevis. The Xenopus sEH was expressed in E.coli and was purified. The epoxide hydrolase and phosphatase activities of ...
Fonseca Raquel Gomes RG Departamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Avenida Bandeirantes, 3900, 14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Phytases catalyze the cleavage of phosphate groups from phytic acid. Here, we have studied the effects of glycosylation on the properties of Aspergillus japonicus C03 phytase expressed in Pichia pastoris. The enzyme ORF of 1338 nucleotides was cloned from genomic DNA, and encoded a secreted mature protein of 446 amino ...
Hultberg Malin M Department of Biosystems and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris was exposed to monochromatic light at six different wavelengths in order to study the effect on biomass productivity and fatty acid content. A significantly higher amount of biomass by produced in the treatments with yellow, red and white light compared with blue, ...
Kang Sunyoung S Department of Chemistry, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 151-747, Republic of - - 2014
We synthesized five maleic acid amide derivatives (maleic, citraconic, cis-aconitic, 2-(2'-carboxyethyl) maleic, 1-methyl-2-(2'-carboxyethyl) maleic acid amide), and compared their degradability for the future development of pH-sensitive biomaterials with tailored kinetics of the release of drugs, the change of charge density, and the degradation of scaffolds. The degradation kinetics was highly ...
Mahanandia Pitamber P Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela-560012, India. - - 2014
We demonstrate an electrochemical technique for the large scale synthesis of high quality few layer graphene sheets (FLGS) directly from graphite using oxalic acid (a weak acid) as the electrolyte. One of the interesting observations is that the FLGS are stable at least up to 800 °C and hence have ...
Dourado Erico R ER Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia, IFRJ, Lúcio Tavares, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
Samples of unmodified and modified asphalt binders containing 1% polyphosphoric acid were studied. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy was used to evaluate the structural indices of the functional groups present in the samples and the results indicated there was a strong interaction between the polyphosphoric acid and oxygenated species. Contact angle measurements ...
Zhang Xiaofei X Département de Chimie Moléculaire (SERCO) UMR 5250, ICMG FR-2607, CNRS-Université Joseph Fourier , BP 53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 09, - - 2014
Original acyclic (E)-α,α-dialkylketonitrones bearing a chiral auxiliary on their nitrogen atom were synthesized and successfully employed for the asymmetric synthesis of α,α-disubstituted amino acids using regio- and stereocontrolled 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reactions with vinyl ethers. N-Glycosyl chiral auxiliaries were found to provide excellent exo- and π-facial stereocontrol. The obtained enantiopure cycloadducts ...
Gil Barbara B Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland. - - 2014
The unilamellar form of zeolite MWW, MCM-56, which is obtained by direct hydrothermal synthesis has been studied with regard to acidity and porosity in its original and post-synthesis modified pillared and delaminated forms. The acidity measured by FTIR was found to be only slightly lower than the highly active 3-D ...
Lee Woohyung W Department of Chemistry, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749, Republic of - - 2014
αβα-Tripeptide that contains a cyclic β-amino acid with an eight-membered ring, a cis-2-aminocyclooct-5-enecarboxylic acid (cis-ACOE) or a cis-2-aminocyclooctanecarboxylic acid (cis-ACOC) displayed an 11/9-helical turn in the crystal state. The related α/β-peptide oligomers were shown to adopt 11/9-helical conformations in solution.
Porcelli Vito V University of Bari, - - 2014
The human genome contains 53 members of the solute carrier family 25 (SLC25), also called the mitochondrial carrier family, most of which have been shown to transport carboxylates, amino acids, nucleotides and cofactors across the inner mitochondrial membrane, thereby connecting cytosolic and matrix functions. In this work a member of ...
Niu Panqing P State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, China; The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, China; Laboratory of Food Microbial-Manufacturing Engineering, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, - - 2014
In this study, a novel strategy for α-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG) production from L-glutamic acid using recombinant L-glutamate oxidase (LGOX) was developed. First, by analyzing the molecular structure characteristics of L-glutamic acid and α-KG, LGOX was found to be the best catalyst for oxidizing the amino group of L-glutamic acid to ...
Zhou Xiang X Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 509 Nanchang Rd., Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clostridium tyrobutyricum is well documented as a fermentation strain for the production of butyric acid. In this work, using high-energy carbon heavy ion irradiated C. tyrobutyricum, then butyric acid fermentation using glucose or alkali and acid pretreatments of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. as a carbon source was carried out. Initially, the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >