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Results 401 - 450 of 4204
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Park Yong-Duk - - 2014
The goals of this study were to determine the content of organic acids and inorganic anions in human saliva by using an ion chromatography method, to compare the organic acid and inorganic anion concentrations before and after a sugar rinse, and to investigate the relationships between the levels of each ...
Atkins Elizabeth E School of Molecular & Cellular Biology & Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS2 9JT, United - - 2014
Secreted infectious particles generated by the genotype 2a JFH-1 hepatitis C virus infectious clone are resistant to acidic pH, whereas intracellular virions remain acid-labile. Thus, JFH-1 particles are thought to undergo pH maturation as they are secreted from the cell. Here, we demonstrate that both infectious intracellular and secreted genotype ...
Pasteris Sergio E - - 2013
Lactococcus lactis CRL 1584 isolated from a Lithobates catesbeianus hatchery inhibits the growth of Citrobacter freundii (a bullfrog pathogen) and Listeria monocytogenes by a synergistic effect between lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide and a bacteriocin-like molecule. The chemical characterization of the bacteriocin in cell-free supernatants indicates that it has a proteinaceous ...
Huynh Nhung - - 2013
<i>N</i>-Acetylneuraminate lyases (NALs) or sialic acid aldolases catalyze the reversible aldol cleavage of <i>N</i>-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac, the most common form of sialic acid) to form pyruvate and <i>N</i>-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc). Although equilibrium favors sialic acid cleavage, these enzymes can be used for high-yield chemoenzymatic synthesis of structurally diverse sialic acids in ...
Rakse Monika - - 2013
A novel series of 3-acetamido-4-methyl benzoic acid derivatives designed on the basis of vHTS hit ZINC02765569 were synthesized and screened for PTP1B inhibitory activity. The most potent compounds 3-(1-(5-methoxy-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-ylthio)acetamido)-4-methyl benzoic acid (10c, IC50 8.2 μM) and 3-(2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-ylthio)acetamido)-4-methyl benzoic acid (10e, IC50 8.3 μM) showed maximum PTP1B inhibitory activity. Docking studies were also ...
Krings Ulrich - - 2014
Fruiting bodies of the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus were illuminated with UV-B with a light intensity maximum at 310-320nm and 11.5W/m(2) for 60min at 20°C. Changes of the sterol and fatty acid spectrum were quantified. The onset of ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) formation was immediate in fruiting bodies illuminated from the ...
Kim Jae Kwang - - 2013
The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), is a major pest responsible for destroying cabbage and other Brassica vegetable crops. We studied diamondback moth-resistant cabbage line by comparing its metabolite profiles with those of a susceptible cabbage. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that carbohydrates, aromatic compounds, and amides were the ...
Keereetaweep Jantana - - 2013
N-Acylethanolamines (NAEs) are fatty-acid derivatives with potent biological activities in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms. Polyunsaturated NAEs are among the most abundant NAE types in seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana, and they can be metabolized by either fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) or by lipoxygenase (LOX) to low levels during ...
Agten Stijn M - - 2013
Selecting the right partner faster: In protein chemoselective conjugation, the use of levulinic acid for ketone introduction leads to slow oxime formation and poor yield because of internal cyclization, especially at low concentrations. A mechanism for cyclization is proposed and alternative keto-acids have been tested. These showed faster formation of ...
Huo Jing Pei - - 2013
Serial novel chiral polydiacetylenes (PDAs) are efficiently prepared at room temperature by the controllable electrophoretic deposition of diacetylenes with tunable structure as designed from easily available starting materials. The colorimetrically reversible properties of PDAs in the range between 25 and 85 °C are influenced by the different amino acid moiety ...
Schulmerich Matthew V - - 2013
Abstract Soybeans are a commodity crop of significant economic and nutritional interest. As an important source of protein, buyers of soybeans are interested in not only the total protein content, but in the specific amino acids that comprise the total protein content. Raman spectroscopy has the chemical specificity to measure ...
Yuan Hai-Na - - 2013
An organocatalytic enantioselective decarboxylative Mannich reaction of malonic acid half oxyesters with cyclic ketimines was developed for the preparation of enantioenriched β-amino esters with a quaternary stereogenic center and the anti-HIV drug DPC 083.
Kaweetripob Wirongrong - - 2013
Twenty-one triterpenes consisting of a lupane derivative, two friedelanes, an oleanane derivative, and 17 ursane-type triterpenoids, together with three known triterpenes, three sterols, a fatty acid, a sesquiterpene alkaloid, and a glycerol derivative, were isolated from the stem of Siphonodon celastrineus. Their structures were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques, as ...
Sellmeier Melanie - - 2013
Sialoglycoconjugates form the outermost layer of animal cells and play a crucial role in cellular communication processes. An essential step in the biosynthesis of sialylated glycoconjugates is the activation of sialic acid to the monophosphate diester CMP-sialic acid. Only the activated sugar is transported into the Golgi apparatus and serves ...
Wyss Sara - - 2013
Hydrolysis of the methyl ester (±)-threo-methyl phenidate afforded the free acid in 40% yield, viz. (±)-threo-ritalinic acid, C13H17NO2. Hydrolysis and subsequent crystallization were accomplished at pH values between 5 and 7 to yield colourless prisms which were analysed by X-ray crystallography. Crystals of (±)-threo-ritalinic acid belong to the P21/n space ...
Harsányi I - - 2013
We report on new neutron and x-ray diffraction data on D2O:D3PO4 solutions at two concentrations, 1:1 and 3:1. The experimental datasets were modelled simultaneously by the reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) method. From the resulting models, partial radial distribution functions (prdf) and coordination numbers were obtained. The acidity was found to ...
Jiang Weiyu - - 2013
LL-37 is the single cathelicidin host defense peptide in humans with direct antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. Specific regulation of LL-37 synthesis has emerged as a novel non-antibiotic approach to disease control and prevention. Short-chain fatty acids, and butyrate in particular, were found recently to be strong inducers of LL-37 gene ...
Liu Huanhuan - - 2013
The recalcitrant H-acid (1-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid) in aqueous solution was oxidized by Fenton process, focusing on the relation of Fenton's reagent doses and degradation products. The experimental results showed that COD and TOC removals and biodegradability (BOD/COD ratio) of the solution increased with increasing Fenton's reagent doses. Over 80% COD can ...
Reeves Benjamin D - - 2013
The conversion of S-nitrosothiols to thiosulphonates by reaction with the sodium salt of benzenesulfinic acid (PhSO2Na) has been examined in detail with the exemplary substrates S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and S-nitrosylated bovine serum albumin (SNO-BSA). The reaction stoichiometry (2:1, PhSO2Na:RSNO) and the rate law (first order in both PhSO2Na and RSNO) have ...
Zha Xiao-Song - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the influence of the coexistence of halogen ions (bromide/iodide) and biological source matters on the speciation and yield of trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs), and N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) during the ozonation and subsequent chlorination of water. The results show that the concentrations of brominated THMs and ...
Jiang Min - - 2013
AFP111 is a spontaneous mutant of Escherichia coli with mutations in the glucose-specific phosphotransferase system, pyruvate formate lyase system, and fermentative lactate dehydrogenase system, created to reduce byproduct formation and increase succinic acid accumulation. In AFP111, conversion of xylose to succinic acid only generates 1.67 ATP per xylose, but requires ...
Hanari Nobuyasu - - 2013
Perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) have been widely recognized as persistent environmental contaminants. For accurate quantification of PFCAs, their stability in calibration solutions is important because they are criteria of quantification. To examine stability of PFCAs in methanol, we monitored PFOA and its related compounds around 4years. ...
Ferreira Nicoletti Carolina - - 2013
Patients with obesity submitted to bariatric surgery present altered ingestion of macronutrient and micronutrient levels and nutrients deficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the protein and amino acid nutritional status of obese adults before and after bariatric surgery, with emphasis on plasma free amino acids. Thirty obese ...
Rabanal Melissa - - 2014
Room-temperature acid (pH 2) extraction of Dictyota dichotoma thalli yielded 2.2% of sulfated polysaccharides. Further extraction with the same solvent at 70°C was conducted sequentially for nine times, with a total yield of 7.2%. Fucose was the main monosaccharide only in the room-temperature extract (EAR) and in the first 70°C ...
Harner Nicole K - - 2013
A strain development program was initiated to improve the tolerance of the pentose-fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus to inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Several rounds of UV mutagenesis followed by screening were used to select for mutants of P. tannophilus NRRL Y2460 with improved tolerance to hardwood spent sulfite liquor (HW SSL) ...
Esche Rebecca - - 2013
The suitability of on-line liquid chromatography-gas chromatography for the analysis of free sterols/stanols, steryl/stanyl fatty acid esters and trans-steryl/stanyl ferulic acid esters in cereals is demonstrated. The silylated lipid extracts were fractionated via liquid chromatography on a normal phase and the fractions containing the sterol classes were transferred on-line to ...
Jensen Ida-Johanne - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate and compare proximate composition, antihypertensive activity and antioxidative capacity of the semimembranosus muscle from pork and beef and to study how these characteristics were affected by household preparation and subsequent digestion. The proximate composition was similar between pork and beef. Both pork ...
Lee Dae-Sung - - 2014
In this study, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of chitosan-caffeic acid, chitosan-ferulic acid, and chitosan-sinapic acid conjugates with different grafting ratios were investigated. The synthesized chitosan-hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates were verified by performing (1)H NMR and differential scanning calorimetry analysis. The antioxidant activities of the conjugates were increased compared to the ...
Lanéelle Marie-Antoinette - - 2013
Corynebacterium glutamicum is the world's largest producer of glutamate and lysine. Industrial glutamate overproduction is induced by empirical processes, such as biotin limitation, supplementation with specific surfactants or addition of sublethal concentration of certain antibiotics to the culture media. Although Gram-positive bacteria, C. glutamicum and related bacterial species and genera ...
López-Cervantes Jaime - - 2013
Abstract Lycopene and oleoresin extraction from powder of tomato over-ripe by three agitation methods and four solvents have been evaluated. Also, tomato powder and the oleoresins were characterized biochemically. On average, the moisture content of powder was found to be 4.30, ash 8.90, proteins 11.23 and lipids 4.35 g 100 g(-1). The best ...
Pande Garima - - 2013
Structured lipids (SLs) with high palmitic acid content at the sn-2 position enriched with arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were produced using extra virgin olive oil, tripalmitin, ARA and DHA single cell oils free fatty acids. Four types of SLs were synthesized using immobilized lipases, Novozym® 435 and ...
Sanguansri Luz - - 2013
Spray dried emulsions are effective for carrying and stabilising combinations of fish oil and tributyrin, fish oil and resveratrol, or fish oil, tributyrin and resveratrol in one formulation. The encapsulation efficiencies were >99% for all three bioactives when a heated mixture of sodium caseinate: glucose: dried glucose syrup matrix (Encapsulant ...
Pan Deng - - 2013
A water-soluble PTP1B inhibitor, named FYGL-a, was fractionated for structure investigation and bioactivity evaluation. FYGL-a is an ingredient of a reported antihyperglycemia extract from Ganoderma Lucidum fruiting bodies. Composition analysis indicated that FYGL-a was a 100.2 kDa acidic proteoglycan, consisting of 85 ± 2% heteropolysaccharide chain with rhamnose, galactose, glucose ...
Castillo-Juárez Israel - - 2013
Quorum sensing (QS) is a process of bacterial cell-cell communication that controls a large number of systems affecting pathogenicity. Interrupting this communication system can provide nonvirulent pathogenic bacteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) potential of an anacardic acids mixture isolated from Amphipterygium adstringens, ...
Misra Aparna - - 2013
The increasing consumption of fossil fuels and petroleum products is leading to their rapid depletion and is a matter of concern around the globe. Substitutes of fossil fuels are required to sustain the pace of economic development. In this context, oil from the non food crops (biofuel) has shown potential ...
Shaaban Mohamed - - 2013
Investigation of bioactive secondary metabolites from terrestrial Aspergillus oryzae sp. MMAO1 using M2 medium afforded a new diketopiperazine alkaloid, 7,9-dihydroxy-3-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-8-methoxy-2,3,11,11a-tetrahydro-6H-pyrazino[1,2-b]isoquinoline-1,4-dione (1a), containing the unusual amino acid l-6,8-dihydroxy-7-methoxyphenylalanine. This was co-isolated with ditryptophenaline (2), cyclo-(Tryp,Tyr) (4), cyclo-(Pro,Val), α-cyclopiazonic acid (3), kojic acid and uridine. Re-cultivation of the fungal strain on Dox ...
Vodnar Dan C - - 2013
Given its availability and low price, glycerol derived from biodiesel industry has become an ideal feedstock for the production of fuels and chemicals. A solution to reduce the negative environmental problems and the cost of biodiesel is to use crude glycerol as carbon source for microbial growth media in order ...
Hamed Refaat B - - 2013
The trisubstituted enolate- and C-C bond-forming capacities of engineered carboxymethylproline synthases CMPSs are coupled with the malonyl-CoA synthetase MatB to enable stereoselective preparation of 5- and 6-membered N-heterocycles functionalised with alkyl-substituted carboxymethyl side chains, starting from achiral alkyl-substituted malonic acids and l-amino acid semialdehydes. The results illustrate the biocatalytic utility ...
Yuan Tao - - 2013
Two new phenolics, a 3-substituted coumarin, 7,8-dihydroxy-3-carboxymethylcoumarin-5-carboxylic acid (1), and a hydrolyzable tannin, namely punicatannin C (2), together with 10 known phenolics, were isolated from the flowers of pomegranate (Punica granatum). Their structures were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses including HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR data. All ...
Szostak Michal - - 2013
Making a mark: Since the 1864 landmark discovery by Adolf von Baeyer, barbituric acids have played a prominent role in organic synthesis. Herein, the first chemoselective monoreduction of barbituric acids to the corresponding hemiaminals is described. The method delivers mono- and bicyclic hemiaminal products by a general single-electron-transfer polarity reversal ...
He Yu-Cai - - 2013
The nitrilase from Rhodococcus sp. CCZU10-1 catalyses the hydrolysis of dinitriles to acids without the formation of amides and cyanocarboxylic acids. It was induced by benzonitrile and its analogues (tetrachloroterephthalonitrile > ε-caprolactam > benzonitrile > phenylacetonitrile), and had activity towards aromatic nitriles (terephthalonitrile > tetrachloroterephthalonitrile > isophthalonitrile > tetrachloroisophthalonitrile > tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile > benzonitrile). After the optimization, the highest nitrilase induction [311 U/(g DCW)] was achieved with tetrachloroterephthalonitrile ...
Lee Ji Sun - - 2013
A water-soluble polysaccharide (JS-MP-1) was isolated and purified from the Korean mulberry fruits Oddi (Morus alba L.) by crushing the fresh fruits then performing ethanol precipitation and DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography. The neutral monosaccharide composition of the purified JS-MP-1 was determined to be composed mainly of galactose (37.6%, in mole ...
Armutcu Canan - - 2013
Novel aspartic acid incorporated monolithic columns were prepared to efficiently affinity purify immunoglobulin G (IgG) from human plasma. The monolithic columns were synthesised in a stainless steel HPLC column (20cm×5mm id) by in situ bulk polymerisation of N-methacryloyl-l-aspartic acid (MAAsp), a polymerisable derivative of l-aspartic acid, and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA). ...
Enomoto-Rogers Yukiko - - 2014
Fully substituted glucomannan (GM) acylates with acyl carbon numbers (n) of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, and 12 were prepared from konjac GM (KGM) in carboxylic acid/trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA). GM acetate acylates (n=3, 4, 5, 8, 12, 16, and 18) were prepared from KGM in acetic acid/carboxylic acid/TFAA. ...
Nagae Masamichi - - 2013
Polysialic acid is a linear homopolymer of α2-8 linked sialic acids attached mainly onto glycoproteins. Cell surface polysialic acid plays roles in cell adhesion and differentiation events in a manner that is often dependent on the degree of polymerization (DP). Anti-oligo/polysialic acid antibodies have DP-dependent antigenic specificity, and such antibodies ...
Han Ting - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of whey protein on plasma amino acid levels in a mouse model of type II diabetes, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The composition and content of amino acids in the whey proteins were analyzed using HPLC. Type I and type ...
Mayer Nicole - - 2013
Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) is rate limiting in the mobilization of fatty acids from cellular triglyceride stores. This central role in lipolysis marks ATGL as an interesting pharmacological target as deregulated fatty acid metabolism is closely linked to dyslipidemic and metabolic disorders. Here we report on the development and characterization ...
Stathopoulou Konstantina - - 2013
Cochineal is one of the most well known organic red dyes. Dactylopius coccus Costa (Dactylopiidae) is a scale insect that is used as the source of the dye known as Mexican cochineal. Although cochineal is today a natural food colorant (E120) and although it has been used in art objects ...
Chiang Chih-Hsiang - - 2013
We demonstrate herein that wild-type cytochrome P450 BM3 can recognize non-natural substrates, such as fluorinated C12 -C15 chain-length fatty acids, and show better catalysis for their efficient conversion. Although the binding affinities for fluorinated substrates in the P450 BM3 pocket are marginally lower than those for non-fluorinated substrates, spin-shift measurements suggest ...
Chen Qian - - 2013
Stearic acid-grafted chitosan (CS-SA) and glycyrrhetinic acid-conjugated stearic acid-grafted chitosan (GA-CS-SA) were synthesized and were further used for the preparation of micelles. The substitution degree (SD) of SA and GA on CS was measured. The physicochemical properties of CS-SA and GA-CS-SA micelles such as critical micelle concentration (CMC), aggregation number ...
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