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Weimer P J - - 2013
"Green juice", obtained by squeezing fresh alfalfa leaves inoculated with lactic acid bacteria, was fermented at room temperature for 7-21d to obtain 12-47glactic acidL(-1). Inoculation of green juice with Streptococcus bovis and incubation at 39°C reduced fermentation time to 8-12h. The resulting "brown juice" from either fermentation had a pH ...
Jin Jing - - 2013
One of the proposed pathways to the synthesis of 4-hydroxy-nonenal (HNE) and related aldehydes entails formation of an intermediate bis-allylic fatty acid dihydroperoxide. As a first direct demonstration of such a pathway and proof of principle, herein we show that 8R-lipoxygenase (8R-LOX) catalyzes the enzymatic production of the HNE-like product ...
Zander Catherine B - - 2013
Neutral amino acid exchange by the alanine serine cysteine transporter (ASCT)2 was reported to be electroneutral and coupled to the cotransport of one Na(+) ion. The cotransported sodium ion carries positive charge. Therefore, it is possible that amino acid exchange is voltage dependent. However, little information is available on the ...
Furuya Toshiki - - 2013
4-Hydroxyphenylacetate 3-hydroxylases (HPAHs) of the two-component flavin-dependent monooxygenase family are attractive enzymes that possess the catalytic potential to synthesize valuable ortho-diphenol compounds from simple monophenol compounds. In this study, we investigated the catalytic activity of HPAH from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1 toward cinnamic acid derivatives. We prepared Escherichia coli cells ...
Pereira David M - - 2013
Marine organisms have been increasingly regarded as good sources of new drugs for human therapeutics and also as nutrients for human diet. The amino acids, fatty acids and sterols profiles of the widely consumed echinoderms Paracentrotus lividus Lamarck (sea urchin), Holothuria forskali Chiaje (sea cucumber), the gastropod molluscs Aplysia fasciata ...
Koolen Hector H F - - 2013
A new dammarane triterpene named mauritic acid (1) was isolated from the roots of Mauritia flexuosa L.f. The complete structural assignment of this new compound was elucidated from spectroscopic methods. Moreover, this compound was evaluated for its cytotoxicity against human cancer cell lines (OVCAR-8, PCM3, NCIH358M and different leukaemia cell ...
Gwatidzo Luke - - 2013
Defatted kernel flour from manketti seed kernels (Schinziophyton rautanenii) is an underutilised natural product. The plant grows in the wild, on sandy soils little used for agriculture in Southern Africa. The kernels are rich in protein and have a great potential for improving nutrition. The protein content and amino acid ...
de Sarrau Benoît - - 2013
In a chemically defined medium and in Luria broth, cold strongly reduced maximal population density of Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 in anaerobiosis and caused formation of filaments. In cooked spinach, maximal population density of B. cereus in anaerobiosis was the same at cold and optimal temperatures, with normal cell divisions. The ...
Liu Xiao-Yan - - 2013
A novel molecularly imprinted photonic polymer (MIPP) using maleic anhydride modified β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and acrylic acid as functional monomers has been presented for amino acid sensing. Reactive β-CD monomer carrying vinyl carboxylic acid functional groups was first synthesized. MIPP was fabricated by filling precursor solution into the interstitial spaces of ...
Rico-Jiménez Miriam - - 2013
The paralogous receptors PctA, PctB and PctC of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were reported to mediate chemotaxis to amino acids, intermediates of amino acid metabolism and chlorinated hydrocarbons. We show that the recombinant ligand binding regions (LBRs) of PctA, PctB and PctC bind 17, 5 and 2 L-amino acids, respectively. In addition, ...
Mullen William Bill - - 2013
Air dried whole coffee fruits, beans and husks from China, India and Mexico were analysed for their chlorogenic acids (CGA), caffeine, and polyphenolic content. Analysis was by HPLC and Orbitrap exact mass spectrometry. Total phenol, total flavonol and antioxidant capacity were measured. The hydroxycinnamate profile consisted of caffeoylquinic acids, feruloyquinic ...
van Valenberg H J F - - 2013
Weekly samples representative of Dutch milk were analyzed for concentrations of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids (FA). Concentrations of the n-3 FA α-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosatetraenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosapentaenoic acid were 0.495 ± 0.027, 0.041 ± 0.004, 0.067 ± 0.005, and 0.086 ± 0.008 g per 100 g ...
Wang Caixia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Succinic acid is one of the key platform chemicals which can be produced via biotechnology process instead of petrochemical process. Biomass derived bio-oil have been investigated intensively as an alternative of diesel and gasoline fuels. Bio-oil could be fractionized into organic phase and aqueous phase parts. The organic phase ...
Sitka Ingolf - - 2013
In this publication, we describe the synthesis of new inhibitors for the GABA transporter subtypes GAT1 and especially GAT3. We started with 3-aminopropanoic acid possessing a distinct preference for GAT3 in comparison to GAT1 and furthermore its homolog 3-aminobutanoic acid. A series of respective N-substituted amino acids was synthesized by selective ...
Aldunate Muriel - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: When Lactobacillus spp. dominate the vaginal microbiota of women of reproductive age they acidify the vagina to pH <4.0 by producing ∼1% lactic acid in a nearly racemic mixture of d- and l-isomers. We determined the HIV virucidal activity of racemic lactic acid, and its d- and l-isomers, compared ...
Joseph Ancy - - 2013
Metabolic pathway engineering of cyanobacteria for the production of industrially important chemicals from atmospheric CO2 has generated interest recently. Here, we engineered Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 to produce lactic acid using a lactate dehydrogenase (ldh) gene from various lactic acid-producing bacteria, Lactococcus lactis (ldhB and ldhX), Lactobacillus plantarum (ldhL and ...
Adachi Osao - - 2013
D-Ribose and 2-deoxy-D-ribose were oxidized to 4-keto-D-ribonate and 2-deoxy-4-keto-D-ribonate respectively by oxidative fermentation, and the chemical structures of the oxidation products were confirmed to be as expected. Both pentoses are important sugar components of nucleic acids. When examined, purine nucleosidase activity predominated in the membrane fraction of acetic acid bacteria. ...
Tanaka Naonobu - - 2013
A new structurally unique trimeric fatty acid derivative, manzamenone O (1), was isolated from a marine sponge Plakortis sp. Manzamenone O (1) has a novel skeleton consisting of C-C bonded octahydroindenone and dioxabicyclo[3.3.0]octane moieties and three long aliphatic chains. The structure of 1 was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic ...
Xi Yong-Lan - - 2013
Immense interest has been devoted to the production of bulk chemicals from lignocellulose biomass. Diluted sulfuric acid treatment is currently one of the main pretreatment methods. However, the low total sugar concentration obtained via such pretreatment limits industrial fermentation systems that use lignocellulosic hydrolysate. Sugarcane bagasse hemicellulose hydrolysate is used ...
Ishibashi Fumito - - 2013
Bioassay-guided fractionation of a methanol extract of the brown alga, Dictyopteris undulata, led to the isolation of a novel sesquiterpene hydroquinone named zonarenone, together with seven known sesquiterpene hydroquinones, zonarol, isozonarol, yahazunol, zonaroic acid, chromazonarol, isochromazonarol, and 2-(3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrienyl)hydroquinone. The structure of zonarenone was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic information. ...
Capek P - - 2013
From the aerial parts of sage (Salvia officinalis L.) an arabino-(4-O-methyl-glucurono)-xylan (AGX) was isolated by alkaline extraction followed by precipitation with barium hydroxide solution. Polymer was isolated from sage as a light brown polysaccharide material of molecular mass (Mp) 84 000. Compositional analyses of sage AGX revealed xylose (81%), arabinose ...
Ruiz Encarnación - - 2013
In this work the pretreatment of sunflower stalks by dilute sulfuric acid is studied. Pretreatment temperature and the concentration of acid solution were selected as operation variables and modified according to a central rotatable composite experimental design. Based on previous studies pretreatment time was kept constant (5min) while the variation ...
Karpin George W GW Virginia Tech Center for Drug Discovery and Development, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, - - 2013
Synthetic iridium-, rhodium-, and ruthenium-amino acid complexes with hydrophobic l-amino acids have antibiotic activity against Mycobacterium spp., including Mycobacterium bovis BCG and the rapidly growing species Mycobacterium abscessus and Mycobacterium chelonae. Concentrations of transition metal-amino acid complexes demonstrating hemolysis or cytotoxicity were 10- to 25-fold higher than were the MICs.
Orellano Elsie A - - 2013
The first total synthesis for the novel fatty acid (±)-2-methoxy-6-icosynoic acid was accomplished in seven steps and in a 14% overall yield starting from 2-(4-bromobutoxy)-tetrahydro-2H-pyran. The title compound displayed an EC50=23±1μM against the human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line and an EC50=26±1μM against the human adenocarcinoma cervix cell line (HeLa) after ...
Leighfield Tod A - - 2013
Brevetoxin B (BTX-B), produced by dinoflagellates of the species Karenia, is a highly reactive molecule, due in part to an α,β-unsaturated aldehyde group at the terminal side chain, leading to the production of metabolites by reduction, oxidation, and conjugation. We have investigated in mice the blood elimination of three common ...
Wang Chao - - 2013
To evaluate the current practice of corn silage management in China, samples of bunker-made silage were collected from 14 farms within a 500-km radius of Beijing for the analysis of fermentation products and bacterial communities. Mean values for dry matter (DM) content were as low as 250 g/kg in both corn ...
Pinho Vagner D - - 2013
The coupling between cyclic and acyclic α-amino acid derivatives and methyl acrylate, mediated by samarium diiodide, is described. The method constitutes a powerful tool to construct indolizidine, quinolizidine, and piperidine systems in a straightforward two-step fashion. The formal synthesis of (-)-pumiliotoxin 251D and (±)-epiquinamide is achieved after two or three ...
Deshmukh Manjeet - - 2013
Synthetic oligopeptides containing polyhydroxylated bicyclic dipeptide (GlcTap) are investigated for their adhesion properties. The non-natural amino acid building block composed of GlcTap is derived from glucuronic acid and mimics the hydroxyl-amino acids of the natural proteins. Peptide oligomers of GlcTap flanked by the amino acids Tyr and Lys were synthesized ...
Jin Tony Z - - 2013
This study was conducted to develop antimicrobial coatings to decontaminate and prevent cross-contamination of shell eggs. Egg shells were inoculated with nalidixic acid-resistant Salmonella enterica Enteritidis strains OB030832, OB040159, and C405 and treated with antimicrobial coatings. Polylactic acid served as a nonedible polymer, and chitosan served as an edible polymer ...
Hannachi Hedia - - 2013
The wild olive trees or oleaster (var. sylvestris) and the cultivated olive trees (var. europaea) constitute the two botanical varieties of Olea europaea L. from Mediterranean. In this study, a partial chemical profile was conducted including the total lipids, the fatty acid profiles, soluble proteins, polyphenols, flavanoids contents and antioxidants ...
Lee Dae-Sung - - 2013
In this study, antimicrobial activity of gallic acid-g-chitosans against five Gram-positive and Gram-negative foodborne pathogens was evaluated. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of gallic acid-g-chitosans were ranged from 16 to 64 μg/mL against Gram-positive bacteria and were ranged from 128 to 512 μg/mL against Gram-negative bacteria. These activities were higher ...
Sabra W - - 2013
Propionic acid is presently mainly produced by chemical synthesis. For many applications, especially in feed and food industries, a fermentative production of propionic acid from cheap and renewable resources is of large interest. In this work, we investigated the use of a co-culture to convert household flour to propionic acid. ...
Koyuncu Emre - - 2013
Human cytomegalovirus hijacks host cell metabolism, increasing the flux of carbon from glucose to malonyl-CoA, the committed precursor to fatty acid synthesis and elongation. Inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase blocks the production of progeny virus. To probe further the role of fatty acid metabolism during infection, we performed an siRNA screen ...
Li Lei - - 2013
To synthesize the baicalein amino acid derivatives and evaluate their cytotoxicity activities in vitro. Amino acids were subjected to methylation and aminoacylation reaction, then reacted with formaldehyde and baicalein to synthesize baicalein-8 benzyl amino acid derivatives. Through carboxyl group protection and aminoacylation of amino acid and benzyl protection of baicalein, ...
Date Praveen V - - 2013
The present study discloses the design of folate anchored Rifampicin-Poly methylvinylether maleic anhydride copolymer (Gantrez AN-119, Gantrez) nanoparticles (RFMGzFa) by ionic complexation. Folic acid was anchored to the preformed drug loaded nanoparticles. Folic acid was anchored in different concentration by simply varying the amount of folic acid added during preparation. ...
Liu Ying - - 2013
The roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis are widely used in Chinese medicine for their action of clearing heat, detoxicating, relieving cough, dispelling sputum and tonifying spleen and stomach. The reason why Glycyrrhiza uralensis has potent and significant actions is that it contains various active secondary metabolites, especially glycyrrhizic acid. In the ...
Capuani Alessandro - - 2013
Redox potential and proteolysis determine protein networks in doughs and thus dough rheology as well as the structure of baked goods. Namely, gluten-free bakery products needs structural improvements but little is known about these parameters in gluten free dough systems. In this work the influence of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) ...
Liu Yong - - 2013
To improve the application of lysozymes, methods for coating lysozymes with poly-γ-glutamic acid and chitosan were studied. Several lysozyme-loaded chitosan/poly-γ-glutamic acid composite nanosystems for loading and controlling the release of lysozymes were established. The lysozyme loading content and efficiency of the different systems were examined. The antibacterial activity of the ...
Klempova Tatiana - - 2013
Due to increasing demand for natural sources of both polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and beta-carotene, twenty eight Zygomycetes fungal soil isolates were screened for their potential to synthesize these biologically active compounds. Although all fungi produced C18 PUFAs, only nine strains were described to also form beta-carotene. While Actinomucor elegans ...
Leite A M O - - 2013
The microbial community composition and chemical characteristics of a Brazilian milk kefir sample produced during its manufacturing and refrigerated storage were investigated by culture-dependent and -independent methods and HPLC. Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris and ssp. lactis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Acetobacter lovaniensis, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were isolated, whereas the detected bands on ...
Mathieu Loïc - - 2013
9-Helix: 4-Amino(methyl)-1,3-thiazole-5-carboxylic acids (ATCs) were synthesized as new γ-amino acid building blocks. The structures of various ATC oligomers were analyzed in solution by CD and NMR spectroscopy and in the solid state by X-ray crystallography. The ATC sequences adopted a well-defined 9-helix structure in the solid state and in aprotic ...
Unoh Yuto - - 2013
It has been found that readily available 3-benzoylacrylic acids undergo palladium-catalyzed decarboxylative arylation with arylboronic acids in the presence of a copper salt oxidant to produce chalcone derivatives. The decarboxylative arylation could also be achieved by using aryl halides as the alternative aryl source to expand the applicable scope.
Kaur Baljinder - - 2013
Ferulic acid (FA) is widely used in foods, in beverages, and in various pharmaceutical industries as a precursor of vanillin. FA biotransformation can occur during the growth of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and its conversion to other phenolic derivatives is observed by many scientists, where ferulic acid esterase (FAE) and ...
Münkel Ronja - - 2013
Microalgae are discussed as a potential renewable feedstock for biofuel production. The production of highly concentrated algae biomass with a high fatty acid content, accompanied by high productivity with the use of natural sunlight is therefore of great interest. In the current study an outdoor pilot plant with five 30 ...
Grygorczyk A - - 2013
The objective of this work was to compare the gelation of soymilk particles induced by the acidification of a commercial starter culture with that resulting by addition of glucono-δ-lactone (GDL). Structure formation was followed using rheology, and the microstructure was observed by confocal microscopy. Acidification of lactic acid bacteria resulted ...
Wang Laura Y - - 2013
A fully automated, high-throughput method was developed to profile the fatty acids of phospholipids from human plasma samples for the application in a large epidemiological sample set (n>25,000). We report here on the data obtained for the quality control materials used with the first 860 batches, as well as the ...
Aardema Hilde - - 2013
Metabolic conditions characterized by elevated free fatty acid concentrations in blood and follicular fluid are often associated with impaired female fertility. Especially elevated saturated fatty acid levels can be lipotoxic for several somatic cell types. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of elevated free fatty acid ...
Wang Fang - - 2013
Six new glycosides (1-6) have been isolated from the flower buds of Lonicera japonica. Their structures including the absolute configurations were determined by spectroscopic and chemical methods as ( - )-2-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzoic acid 2-O-β-d-(6-O-benzoyl)-glucopyranoside (1), ( - )-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzoic acid 4-O-β-d-(6-O-benzoyl)-glucopyranoside (2), ( - )-(E)-3,5-dimethoxyphenylpropenoic acid 4-O-β-d-(6-O-benzoyl)-glucopyranoside (3), ( - )-(7S,8R)-(4-hydroxyphenylglycerol 9-O-β-d-[6-O-(E)-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenylpropenoyl]-glucopyranoside (4), ( - )-(7S,8R)-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol 9-O-β-d-[6-O-(E)-4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxyphenylpropenoyl]-glucopyranoside (5), and ( - )-4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenol β-d-{6-O-[4-O-(7S,8R)-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycerol-8-yl)-3-methoxybenzoyl]}-glucopyranoside (6), ...
Kiren Yuko - - 2013
Five new diterpenoids belonging to labdane and isopimarane skeletons, mumic acids A-E (1-5), have been isolated from mumiyo. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical derivatization.
Ovchinnikova Olga G - - 2013
The O-polysaccharide of Providencia alcalifaciens O35 was studied by sugar and methylation analyses along with (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, including 2D (1)H,(13)C HMBC, and NOESY experiments in D2O and, to detect correlations for NH protons, in a 9:1 H2O/D2O mixture. A unique N-(1-carboxyethyl)alanine (alanopine, Alo) derivative of 4-amino-4,6-dideoxyglucose (Qui4N) ...
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