Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 4539
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >
Kumari Puja - - 2013
The present study investigated the contents of hydroxy-oxylipins hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), hydroxyoctadecatrienoic acids (HOTrEs), and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) in 40 macroalgae belonging to the Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and, Phaeophyceae. The hydroxy-oxylipin content was low and ranged from 0.14 ± 0.012 ng/g (Codium dwarkense) to 8,161.9 ± 253 ng/g (Chaetomorpha linum) among the Chlorophyceae, 345.4 ± 56.8 ng/g (Scytosiphon lomentaria) to ...
Choudhary Alka - - 2013
The roots of Potentilla fulgens have been used for a long time as a folk remedy for many ailments without having information on its pharmacological action. Of the various extracts prepared by partitioning of the methanol extract, the ethyl acetate fraction was found to possess better antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. ...
Liu Rongming - - 2013
To enhance succinic acid formation during xylose fermentation in Escherichia coli, overexpression of ATP-forming phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) from Bacillus subtilis 168 in an ldhA, pflB, and ppc deletion strain resulted in a significant increase in cell mass and succinic acid production. However, BA204 displays a low yield of glucose fermentation ...
Rodrigues Marieli O - - 2013
This work describes the synthesis of a series of fatty acid hydrazide derivatives of isoniazid (INH). The compounds were tested against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (ATCC 27294) as well as INH-resistant (ATCC 35822 and 1896 HF) and rifampicin-resistant (ATCC 35338) M. tuberculosis strains. The fatty acid derivatives of INH showed high ...
Ford Earl S - - 2013
Our objective was to examine the cross-sectional associations between concentrations of vitamin A and beta-carotene, a major source of vitamin A, with concentrations of uric acid in a nationally representative sample of adults from the United States. We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from up to 10893 participants aged ...
Amodu Afolarin - - 2013
Greater dietary acid has been associated with lower serum bicarbonate levels in patients with CKD. Whether this association extends to the general population and if it is modified by age are unknown. This study examined the association of the dietary acid load, estimated by net endogenous acid production, with serum ...
Ceccacci Francesca - - 2013
Interaction of the racemic helical homo-octapeptide made by the achiral C(α)-methyl alanine (Aib) amino acid with a chiral enantiopure micellar aggregate made of N-dodecylproline led to the deracemization of the helical Aib sequence thus allowing us to obtain for the first time the CD signature in water of a 310 ...
Kyriakopoulos Sarantos - - 2013
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are widely used for the production of biopharmaceuticals; however, our understanding of several physiological elements that contribute to productivity is limited. One of these is amino acid transport and how its limitation and/or regulation might affect productivity. To further our understanding, we have examined the ...
Bhattarai Saurabh - - 2013
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 147F1 from Streptomyces peucetius is a new CYP subfamily of that has been identified as ω-fatty acid hydroxylase. We describe the identification of CYP147F1 as a fatty acid hydroxylase by screening for the substrate using a substrate binding assay. Screening of substrates resulted in the identification of ...
Dussan K - - 2013
This study investigated the kinetics of acid hydrolysis of the cellulose and hemicellulose in Miscanthus to produce levulinic acid and furfural under mild temperature and high acid concentration. Experiments were carried out in an 8L-batch reactor with 9%-wt. biomass loading, acid concentrations between 0.10 and 0.53M H2SO4, and at temperatures ...
Aznar-Moreno Jose A - - 2013
Long chain fatty acid synthetases (LACSs) activate the fatty acid chains produced by plastidial de novo biosynthesis to generate acyl-CoA derivatives, important intermediates in lipid metabolism. Oilseeds, like sunflower, accumulate high levels of triacylglycerols in their seeds to nourish the embryo during germination. This requires that sunflower seed endosperm supports ...
Iwaszkiewicz-Grzes Dorota - - 2013
In search of new immunosuppressants we synthesized 11 amino acids derivatives of MPA as methyl esters 10a-k using EDCI/DMAP and their corresponding amino acid derivatives in free acid form 11a-k by hydrolysis of ester group with LiOH/MeOH. New analogs were evaluated as growth inhibitors of lymphoid cell line (Jurkat) and ...
Nihira Takanori - - 2013
A novel phosphorylase was characterized as new member of glycoside hydrolase family 94 from the cellulolytic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris and the fungus Neurospora crassa. The enzyme catalyzed reversible phosphorolysis of cellobionic acid. We propose 4-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-d-gluconic acid: phosphate α-d-glucosyltransferase as the systematic name and cellobionic acid phosphorylase as the short names ...
Parviainen Arno - - 2013
Different acid-base conjugates were made by combining a range of bases and superbases with acetic and propionic acid. Only the combinations that contained superbases were capable of dissolving cellulose. Proton affinities were calculated for the bases. A range, within which cellulose dissolution occurred, when combined with acetic or propionic acid, ...
Jasmani Latifah - - 2013
Pyridinium-grafted-cellulose nanocrystals were prepared by a simple one-pot reaction using 4-(1-bromoethyl/bromomethyl)benzoic acid, pyridine and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). The grafting consists of an esterification reaction between 4-(1-bromoethyl/bromomethyl)benzoic acid and CNCs and a nucleophilic attack on the C-Br bond of 4-(1-bromoethyl/bromomethyl)benzoic acid by pyridine. This reaction simplifies existing cationization methods, which leads ...
Du Li-Juan - - 2013
The present study was to investigate the effect of explosion puffing and sun-drying on individual phenolic acids in four forms (free, esters, glycosides and insoluble-bound), flavonoids, total phenolic content (TPC) and their antioxidant activity of jujube samples. Phenolic compounds were identified and quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography. Antioxidant capacity of ...
Nielsen Line Hagner - - 2013
Biorelevant dissolution behaviour of the amorphous sodium salt and amorphous acid forms of furosemide was evaluated, together with investigations of the solid state changes during in vitro dissolution in medium simulating the conditions in the small intestine. UV imaging of the two amorphous forms, as well as of crystalline furosemide ...
Ramesh Veera V E - - 2013
This communication describes the folding propensity of a heterofoldamer motif featuring proline (Pro) and anthranilic acid (Ant) residues in a 1 : 2 : 1 (α : β : α) constitutional ratio. Structural investigations unequivocally suggest that the hydrogen-bonding network of this foldamer motif can be switched between 9-membered and 6-membered by modulating the backbone chirality and constitutional ...
Dodge Anthony G AG BioTechnology - - 2013
The known enzymes that open the s-triazine ring, the cyanuric acid hydrolases, have been confined almost exclusively to the kingdom Bacteria and are all homologous members of the rare cyanuric acid hydrolase/barbiturase protein family. In the present study, a filamentous fungus, Sarocladium sp. strain CA, was isolated from soil by ...
An Kehong - - 2013
A new bioprocess for production of sorbitol and gluconic acid from two low-cost feedstocks, inulin and cassava starch, using a commercially available enzyme was proposed in this study. The commercial glucoamylase GA-L NEW from Genencor was found to demonstrate a high inulinase activity for hydrolysis of inulin into fructose and ...
Zhang Mingming - - 2013
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is expressed in adipocytes and macrophages, and modulates inflammatory and metabolic response. Studies in FABP4-deficient mice have shown that this lipid carrier has a significant role within the field of metabolic syndrome, inflammation and atherosclerosis; thus, its inhibition may open up new opportunities to ...
Xu Wenlong - - 2013
Vesicles are the most common form of bilayer structures in fatty acid and their soap mixtures in aqueous solutions, however, a peculiar bilayer structure named as ''planar sheet'' was found for the first time in the mixtures. In the past few decades, many people concentrated on the formation theory of ...
Prasad Janki - - 2013
In continuation of our drug discovery programme on Indian medicinal plants, we isolated an unusual amino acid, i.e. 2-amino-5-hydroxyhexanoic acid (1) from the seeds of Crotalaria juncea. The 2-amino-5-hydroxyhexanoic acid (1) showed dose dependent lipid lowering activity in the in vivo experiments and also showed good in vitro antioxidant activity. ...
Cebula Izabela - - 2013
Scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) has been used to investigate the formation of hydrogen-bonded structures of the isophthalate tetracarboxylic acids, biphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid (BPTC), terphenyl-3,3″,5,5″-tetracarboxylic acid (TPTC), and quarterphenyl-3,3‴,5,5‴-tetracarboxylic acid (QPTC), via deposition from solution onto Au(111). STM data reveal that ordered structures can be formed from an aqueous solution leading to ...
Stojković Dejan S - - 2013
Abstract A detailed comparative study on chemical and bioactive properties of wild and cultivated Ganoderma lucidum from Serbia (GS) and China (GCN) was performed. This species was chosen because of its worldwide use as medicinal mushroom. Higher amounts of sugars were found in GS, while higher amounts of organic acids ...
Zuchowski Jerzy - - 2013
Rapeseed meal is valuable high-protein forage, but its nutritional value is significantly reduced by the presence of a number of antinutrients, including phenolic compounds. Solid-state fermentation with white-rot fungi was used to decrease the sinapic acid concentration of rapeseed meal. After 7 days of growth of Trametes versicolor and Pleurotus ostreatus, ...
Atkinson Rachel C - - 2013
Dianionic enolates formed from N'-aryl urea derivatives of amino acids undergo intramolecular C-arylation by attack of the enolate anion on the N'-aryl ring, leading to a hydantoin derivative of a quaternary amino acid. In situ IR studies allow identification of four intermediates on the reaction pathway.
Nagachinta Supakana - - 2013
Human milk fat (HMF) analogs are structured lipids (SLs) modified to have palmitic acid content at the sn-2 position of the triacylglycerol (TAG) and fatty acid composition comparable to HMF. Some of these SLs are also designed to incorporate long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) because of their important role in ...
Du Dong-Ying - - 2013
A novel 3D hexadecanuclear heteropolyoxozincate organic framework, IFMC-200, has been successfully synthesized based on a late transition metal-oxygen cluster. IFMC-200 not only represents the first example of (3,4,24)-connected framework but also contains the first 24-connected single metal cluster in a crystal structure. It exhibits superior thermal stability, good water-stability, and ...
Curtis Daniel L - - 2013
Extracellular digestive processes were examined in the Dungeness crab, Cancer magister and the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus, during hyposaline exposure. Both species are found in estuaries as adults, but vary in their ability to balance the cardiovascular and respiratory demands of concurrent osmoregulation and digestion. The weak osmoregulator, Cancer magister, ...
Shashkov Alexander S AS N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky Prospect, 47, Moscow 119991, Russian - - 2013
The cell wall of Actinoplanes lobatus VKM Ac-676(T) (family Micromonosporaceae; order Actinomycetales; class Actinobacteria) contains two anionic glycopolymers. The major one is a teichuronic acid with a linear structure of the chain and heterogeneous repeating units, consisting of glucopyranose residues and statistically alternating residues of diaminouronic acids having the d-manno,l-gulo ...
Maeda Megumi - - 2013
The β-xylosidase, which is active against plant complex type N-glycans, was purified to homogeneity from Ginkgo biloba seeds. The N-terminal amino acid sequence, G-S-A-A-G-N-R-, of the Ginkgo β-xylosidase (β-Xyl'ase Gb) was consistent with the deduced internal amino acid sequence of an Arabidopsis β-xylosidase (AtBXL1). β-Xyl'ase Gb hydrolyzed the β1-2 xylosyl ...
Wang Siyuan - - 2013
Sporotrichum laxum ATCC 15155 is the producing strain of the potent anti-Helicobacter pylori natural product spirolaxine (1). Investigation of the secondary metabolites in this fungus led to the isolation of five phthalides (1, 2, 3, 6 and 9) and five resorcylic acid derivatives (4, 5, 7, 8 and 10), among ...
Amagai Keita - - 2013
Cremimycin is a 19-membered macrolactam glycoside antibiotic based on three distinctive substructures: 1) a β-amino fatty acid starter moiety, 2) a bicyclic macrolactam ring, and 3) a cymarose unit. To elucidate the biosynthetic machineries responsible for these three structures, the cremimycin biosynthetic gene cluster was identified. The cmi gene cluster ...
Trautwein-Schult Anke - - 2013
Hyperuricemia and its symptoms are becoming increasingly common worldwide. Elevated serum uric acid levels are caused by increased uric acid synthesis from food constituents and reduced renal excretion. Treatment in most cases involves reducing alcohol intake and consumption of meat and fish or treatment with pharmaceuticals. Another approach could be ...
Yarman Aysu - - 2013
Make it simple: A molecularly imprinted electropolymer was combined with an enzyme in a catalytic biomimetic sensor that enabled interference-free detection of the drug aminopyrine (AP) at submicromolar concentrations in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid within 15 s. The sensor functioned by the peroxide-dependent conversion of AP ...
Nie Xiaohua - - 2014
The proteolysis in grass carp sausages inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum ZY40 and Pediococcus pentosaceus GY23 was investigated. As fermentation progressed, sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar proteins in both sausages were obviously degraded, and the proteolytic process was more intense in sausages inoculated with P. pentosaceus GY23. The increases in α-amino nitrogen, trichloroacetic ...
Yang Kui - - 2013
The specific locations of double bonds in mammalian lipids have profound effects on biological membrane structure, dynamics and lipid second messenger production. Herein, we describe a shotgun lipidomics approach that exploits charge-switch derivatization with N-(4-aminomethylphenyl) pyridinium (AMPP) and tandem mass spectrometry for identification and quantification of fatty acid double bond ...
Nikbin Nima - - 2013
Furan affairs: Electronic structure calculations of the homogeneous Brønsted acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of 2,5-dimethylfuran show that proton transfer to the β-position is rate-limiting and provides support that the hydrolysis follows general acid catalysis. By means of projected Fukui indices, we show this to be the case for unsubstituted, 2-, and 2,5-substituted ...
Paulucci Natalia S - - 2013
It has been reported that Ensifer meliloti presents a high proportion of monounsaturated fatty acids and has a putative desaturase gene designated as PhFAD12 (National Centre for Biotechnology Information), encoding a putative Δ12 desaturase-like protein. In this work, we report the desaturation capacity and characterisation of this gene encoding the ...
Shinoda Mio - - 2013
Reaction of excited ketoprofen (KP) with tryptophan (Trp) and tyrosine (Tyr) in a phosphate buffer solution was studied by the transient absorption spectroscopy. Both amino acids, which would interact with KP in bovine serum albumin [Monti, S. (2009) Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 11, 9104-9113], accelerated the proton transfer reaction to ...
Gašić Uroš - - 2014
A total of 58 polyfloral honey samples from different regions in Serbia were studied to determine their phenolic profile, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity. UHPLC-LTQ OrbiTrap MS made possible the identification of 36 compounds: 24 flavonoids, two abscisic acids, and 10 phenolic acids and their derivatives. Quantification was done ...
Kim Jin Gook - - 2013
Blueberry fruits from 45 commercial cultivars (39 northern highbush and 6 half highbush blueberry) grown in Suwon, Korea were analyzed for fruit size, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, total anthocyanin content, total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity. Fruit characteristics varied widely among the 45 blueberry cultivars. Fruit weight ranged from ...
Ilahi Ikram - - 2013
The present research investigation was aimed at the evaluation of antioxidant activities of methanolic (70%) extracts of whole plant of Pentanema vestitum and fruits of Pistacia integerrima, Withiana somniferra and Withiana coagulans on scavenging of 2, 2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical. The rank of order of free antioxidant activity of the ...
Lorenz Peter - - 2013
Dog's mercury (Mercurialis perennis L.) is an old medicinal plant, nowadays used in complementary medicine. Aqueous fermented extracts of the plant are being mainly applied in remedies to treat external inflammations, but a thorough phytochemical characterization is still lacking. Therefore, the conversion of characteristic compound classes from M. perennis extracts ...
Svensk Emma - - 2013
C. elegans PAQR-2 is homologous to the insulin-sensitizing adiponectin receptors in mammals, and essential for adaptation to growth at 15°C, a low but usually acceptable temperature for this organism. By screening for novel paqr-2 suppressors, we identified mutations in genes involved in phosphatidylcholine synthesis (cept-1, pcyt-1 and sams-1) and fatty ...
Perković Ivana - - 2013
Abstract A convenient synthetic method for the preparation of novel NSAID twin esters 6a-i containing amino acid residue, urea and amide moieties has been developed. The synthetic pathway applied for the preparation of target compounds and key intermediates 1-benzotriazolecarboxylic acid chloride (1), NSAID benzotriazolides 2a-c and N-(1-benzotriazolecarbonyl)-amino acids 3a-d involved ...
Ragasa Consolacion Y CY Chemistry Department and Center for Natural Sciences and Ecological Research, De La Salle University, Manila 1004, Philippines. Electronic address: - - 2013
To investigate the chemical constituents of the stems, leaves and roots of Euphorbia hirta, and to test for the cytotoxic and antimicrobial potentials of the major constituents of the plant. The compounds were isolated by silica gel chromatography and their structures were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy. The cytotoxicity tests were ...
de Oliveira Raimundo Gonçalves RG Jr Center for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants (NEPLAME), Federal University of San Francisco Valley, 56.304-205 Petrolina, Pernambuco, - - 2013
The antioxidant and photoprotective activities of dried extracts from the leaves of Encholirium spectabile were investigated. It was also evaluated the total phenolic and flavonoid contents by the Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride methods, respectively. Antioxidant activities of the extracts were evaluated by using of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) radical scavenging and β-carotene-linoleic ...
Yadav Shikha - - 2014
Gellan-thioglycollic acid conjugate was synthesized with the objective to improve its mucoadhesive properties. Synthesis of conjugate was confirmed by -SH stretch in the Fourier-transform infrared spectra at 2571cm(-1). It was found to contain 13.92mM of thiol groups/g of the conjugate. Thiolation of gellan gum was found to slightly increase its ...
< 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 >