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El-Kashoury El-Sayeda A - - 2013
A comparison between two Ficus species, cultivated in Egypt, was carried out in this study. Their DNA analysis revealed that they are not closely related. The pharmacopoeial constants of the leaves showed higher total ash and acid insoluble ash in F. lyrata than in F. platypoda. The other parameters were ...
Vegara Salud - - 2014
To contribute for setting reference guideline for commercial juice from the pomegranate variety 'Mollar', chemical composition of eighteen samples directly obtained and commercialised in 2012 from three different fruit juice factories was investigated. According to the findings, the relative density of direct pomegranate juices varied between 1.061 and 1.064, which ...
Jiao Jiao - - 2014
Microwave-assisted aqueous enzymatic extraction (MAAEE) of pumpkin seed oil was performed in this study. An enzyme cocktail comprised of cellulase, pectinase and proteinase (w/w/w) was found to be the most effective in releasing oils. The highest oil recovery of 64.17% was achieved under optimal conditions of enzyme concentration (1.4%, w/w), ...
Lee Myung-Hee - - 2013
Ginseng seed oil was prepared using compressed, solvent, and supercritical fluid extraction methods of ginseng seeds, and the extraction yield, color, phenolic compounds, fatty acid contents, and phytosterol contents of the ginseng seed oil were analyzed. Yields were different depending on the roasting pretreatment and extraction method. Among the extraction ...
Stan Catalina Daniela CD University of Medicine and Pharmacy Grigore T. Popa-lasi, Faculty of Pharmacy, Drug Industry and Pharmaceutical Biotechnology - - 2013
A spectrophotometric UV-VIS fast, sensitive and simple method was developed for quantitative determination of two new antimicrobial preservatives (oxi-acetyl-mandelic acid and oxi-propionyl mandelic acid) and validated according to validation quides. The absorption spectra were recorded at 200-400 nm, and the absorbances were measured at 256 nm for oxi-acetyl mandelic acid ...
Naushad Shaik Mohammad - - 2013
In order to ascertain whether autistic children display characteristic metabolic signatures that are of diagnostic value, plasma amino acid analyses were carried out on a cohort of 138 autistic children and 138 normal controls using reverse-phase HPLC. Pre-column derivatization of amino acids with phenyl isothiocyanate forms phenyl thio-carbamate derivates that ...
Kanno Yuri - - 2013
We identified a member of the Arabidopsis NRT1/PTR FAMILY (NPF), AtNPF4.6, as an abscisic acid (ABA) transporter, AIT1. AtNPF4.6 was originally characterized as a low-affinity nitrate transporter NRT1.2. We hypothesized that the competition between nitrate and ABA as substrates for AtNPF4.6 might be involved in the interactions between nitrate and ...
Hoffmann Inga - - 2013
Fusarium oxysporum is a devastating plant pathogen and oxidizes C18 fatty acids sequentially to jasmonates. The genome codes for putative dioxygenase-cytochrome P450 (DOX-CYP) fusion proteins homologous to linoleate diol synthases (LDS) and the allene oxide synthase (AOS) of Aspergillus terreus, e.g., FOXB_01332. Recombinant FOXB_01332 oxidized 18:2n-6 to 9S-hydroperoxy-10(E),12(Z)-octacadienoic acid (9S-HPODE) ...
Uhlmann Stefanie - - 2013
The generation of modified amino acid precursors for incorporation in nonribosomal peptide synthesis (NRPS) plays a crucial, if often understated, role in the generation of peptide natural products. The biosynthesis of the cyclic depsipeptide skyllamycin requires three β-hydroxylated amino acid precursors, with in vivo gene inactivation experiments implicating cytochrome P450sky ...
Binh Tran Thi Thanh - - 2013
An isolate from kimchi, identified as Lactobacillus brevis, accumulated γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a major inhibitory neurotransmitter, in the culture medium. Optimal culture conditions for growth of L. brevis and production of GABA were 6 % (w/v) L-glutamic acid, 4 % (w/v) maltose, 2 % (w/v) yeast extract, 1 % (w/v) NaCl, 1 % (w/v) CaCl2, ...
Ma Xiao-Kui - - 2013
This study investigated the effects of transformation conditions such as initial pH, the initial concentration of glucose and yeast extract in the medium, and the separate addition of ferulic acid and vanillic acid, on the production of vanillin through an analysis of competing by-product formation by Amycolatopsis sp. ATCC 39116. ...
Pasaribu Buntora - - 2013
Oil bodies formed in Auxenochlorella protothecoides induced during limited nutrition had a coating of caleosin. The total lipid content obtained from A. protothecoides in unstressed cultures (first week) was ~210 mg/g compared to the 231 mg/g obtained in the third week (nutrient limited) and 290 mg/g obtained in the fourth week (nutrient limited). ...
Xu Rui - - 2013
Acidic airway microenvironment is one of the representative pathophysiological features of chronic inflammatory respiratory diseases. Epithelial barrier function is maintained by tight junctions (TJs), which act as the first physical barrier against the inhaled substances and pathogens of airway. As previous studies described, acid stress caused impaired epithelial barriers and ...
Snelders Jeroen - - 2013
To investigate the antioxidant capacity of ferulic acid (FA) in conjunction with prebiotic arabinoxylanoligosaccharides (AXOS), procedures for the production of FA enriched, depleted and cross-linked AXOS were developed and samples were analyzed using the Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) and Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assays. Results showed that not ...
Kantouch - - 2013
Salicylic acid and three of its derivatives were used to provide antibacterial properties to viscose fabrics. The four bactericides used were bonded to the viscose fabrics using epichlorohydrin or polymer binders. Optimization of the salicylic acid and its derivatives as well as concentration of polymers was reported. The ability of ...
Nielsen Line Hagner - - 2013
Amorphous forms of furosemide sodium salt and furosemide free acid were prepared by spray drying. For the preparation of the amorphous free acid, methanol was utilised as the solvent, whereas the amorphous sodium salt was formed from a sodium hydroxide-containing aqueous solvent in equimolar amounts of NaOH and furosemide. Information ...
Song Guanglei - - 2014
This paper concentrates on the separation of three conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (trans-9,trans-11 CLA, trans-10,cis-12 CLA and cis-9,trans-11 CLA) by β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) encapsulation using countercurrent chromatography from Camellia oleifera Abel cake fermented by lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus sp. LL-ZSDS001. The elution sequence of the CLA isomers, the mixing zones ...
Xu Jianfeng - - 2013
The direct γ-carbon functionalization of α,β-unsaturated esters via N-Heterocyclic Carbene (NHC) catalysis is disclosed. This catalytically generated nucleophilic γ-carbon undergoes highly enantioselective additions to hydrazones. The resulting δ-lactam products can be readily transformed to optically enriched pipecolic acid derivatives.
Li Kaizhi - - 2013
Fully loaded: A coordinating activation strategy has been developed to furnish α-quaternary α-amino acids through the iron(III)-catalyzed oxidative functionalization of α-C(sp(3) )H bonds of α-tertiary α-amino acid esters. The reaction exhibits a broad substrate scope for both α-amino acids and nucleophiles (Nu) as well as good functional-group tolerance (see scheme, ...
Lai Jui-Yang - - 2014
Hyaluronic acid (HA), a carbohydrate polymer naturally found in the eye, has been chemically modified by cross-linking to enhance its performance as a drug carrier. Although the treatment of HA with divinyl sulfone (DVS) is reported, the effects of cross-linker concentration on the biomaterial-mediated retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cellular responses ...
Sun Yifei - - 2013
The influence of the lipid concentration on the anaerobic co-digestion of municipal biomass waste and waste-activated sludge was assessed by biochemical methane potential (BMP) tests and by bench-scale tests in a mesophilic semi-continuous stirred tank reactor. The effect of increasing the volatile solid (VS) concentration of lipid from 0% to ...
Yu Lin - - 2013
An injectable thermogel composed of poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) triblock copolymers was evaluated as the matrix of a long-acting drug delivery system of exenatide (EXT), an antidiabetic peptide. The optimal gel formulation containing 2 mg/mL EXT and three pharmaceutical excipients (1.25 wt % zinc acetate, 5 wt ...
Price Christopher T D - - 2013
Legionella pneumophila, the causative agent of Legionnaires' disease, invades and proliferates within a diverse range of free-living amoeba in the environment but upon transmission to humans the bacteria hijack alveolar macrophages. Intracellular proliferation of L. pneumophila in two evolutionarily distant hosts is facilitated by bacterial exploitation of conserved host processes ...
Okada Shoko - - 2013
Plants in the Santalaceae family including the native cherry Exocarpos cupressiformis and sweet quandong Santalum acuminatum accumulate ximenynic acid (trans-11-octadecen-9-ynoic acid) in their seed oil and conjugated polyacetylenic fatty acids in root tissue. Twelve full-length genes coding for microsomal Δ12 fatty acid desaturases (FADs) from the two Santalaceae species were ...
Ejaz R - - 2013
Cryopreservation process reduces lipids and phospholipids from buffalo bull spermatozoa. It was therefore hypothesized that supplementation of fatty acid to extender may improve the post-thaw quality of buffalo semen. The objective was to evaluate the effect of arachidic acid supplementation in extender on post-thaw quality of buffalo bull (Bubalus bubalis) ...
Koivistoinen Outi M - - 2013
Glycolic acid is a C2 hydroxy acid that is a widely used chemical compound. It can be polymerised to produce biodegradable polymers with excellent gas barrier properties. Currently, glycolic acid is produced in a chemical process using fossil resources and toxic chemicals. Biotechnological production of glycolic acid using renewable resources ...
Azúa Iñigo - - 2013
Analysis of the composition of the marine-dissolved organic matter has highlighted the importance of D-amino acids, whose origin is attributed mainly to the remains of bacterial peptidoglycan released as a result of grazing or viral lysis. However, very few studies have focused on the active release of D-amino acids by ...
Ferrochio Laura - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ferulic acid (1, 10, 20 and 25mM) at different water activity (aw) values (0.99, 0.98, 0.96 and 0.93) at 25°C on growth and fumonisin production by Fusarium verticillioides and Fusarium proliferatum on maize based media. For both Fusarium species, ...
Kumari Puja - - 2013
The present study investigated the contents of hydroxy-oxylipins hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids (HODEs), hydroxyoctadecatrienoic acids (HOTrEs), and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) in 40 macroalgae belonging to the Chlorophyceae, Rhodophyceae and, Phaeophyceae. The hydroxy-oxylipin content was low and ranged from 0.14 ± 0.012 ng/g (Codium dwarkense) to 8,161.9 ± 253 ng/g (Chaetomorpha linum) among the Chlorophyceae, 345.4 ± 56.8 ng/g (Scytosiphon lomentaria) to ...
Choudhary Alka - - 2013
The roots of Potentilla fulgens have been used for a long time as a folk remedy for many ailments without having information on its pharmacological action. Of the various extracts prepared by partitioning of the methanol extract, the ethyl acetate fraction was found to possess better antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. ...
Liu Rongming - - 2013
To enhance succinic acid formation during xylose fermentation in Escherichia coli, overexpression of ATP-forming phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) from Bacillus subtilis 168 in an ldhA, pflB, and ppc deletion strain resulted in a significant increase in cell mass and succinic acid production. However, BA204 displays a low yield of glucose fermentation ...
Rodrigues Marieli O - - 2013
This work describes the synthesis of a series of fatty acid hydrazide derivatives of isoniazid (INH). The compounds were tested against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv (ATCC 27294) as well as INH-resistant (ATCC 35822 and 1896 HF) and rifampicin-resistant (ATCC 35338) M. tuberculosis strains. The fatty acid derivatives of INH showed high ...
Ford Earl S - - 2013
Our objective was to examine the cross-sectional associations between concentrations of vitamin A and beta-carotene, a major source of vitamin A, with concentrations of uric acid in a nationally representative sample of adults from the United States. We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from up to 10893 participants aged ...
Amodu Afolarin - - 2013
Greater dietary acid has been associated with lower serum bicarbonate levels in patients with CKD. Whether this association extends to the general population and if it is modified by age are unknown. This study examined the association of the dietary acid load, estimated by net endogenous acid production, with serum ...
Ceccacci Francesca - - 2013
Interaction of the racemic helical homo-octapeptide made by the achiral C(α)-methyl alanine (Aib) amino acid with a chiral enantiopure micellar aggregate made of N-dodecylproline led to the deracemization of the helical Aib sequence thus allowing us to obtain for the first time the CD signature in water of a 310 ...
Kyriakopoulos Sarantos - - 2013
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are widely used for the production of biopharmaceuticals; however, our understanding of several physiological elements that contribute to productivity is limited. One of these is amino acid transport and how its limitation and/or regulation might affect productivity. To further our understanding, we have examined the ...
Bhattarai Saurabh - - 2013
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 147F1 from Streptomyces peucetius is a new CYP subfamily of that has been identified as ω-fatty acid hydroxylase. We describe the identification of CYP147F1 as a fatty acid hydroxylase by screening for the substrate using a substrate binding assay. Screening of substrates resulted in the identification of ...
Dussan K - - 2013
This study investigated the kinetics of acid hydrolysis of the cellulose and hemicellulose in Miscanthus to produce levulinic acid and furfural under mild temperature and high acid concentration. Experiments were carried out in an 8L-batch reactor with 9%-wt. biomass loading, acid concentrations between 0.10 and 0.53M H2SO4, and at temperatures ...
Aznar-Moreno Jose A - - 2013
Long chain fatty acid synthetases (LACSs) activate the fatty acid chains produced by plastidial de novo biosynthesis to generate acyl-CoA derivatives, important intermediates in lipid metabolism. Oilseeds, like sunflower, accumulate high levels of triacylglycerols in their seeds to nourish the embryo during germination. This requires that sunflower seed endosperm supports ...
Iwaszkiewicz-Grzes Dorota - - 2013
In search of new immunosuppressants we synthesized 11 amino acids derivatives of MPA as methyl esters 10a-k using EDCI/DMAP and their corresponding amino acid derivatives in free acid form 11a-k by hydrolysis of ester group with LiOH/MeOH. New analogs were evaluated as growth inhibitors of lymphoid cell line (Jurkat) and ...
Nihira Takanori - - 2013
A novel phosphorylase was characterized as new member of glycoside hydrolase family 94 from the cellulolytic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris and the fungus Neurospora crassa. The enzyme catalyzed reversible phosphorolysis of cellobionic acid. We propose 4-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-d-gluconic acid: phosphate α-d-glucosyltransferase as the systematic name and cellobionic acid phosphorylase as the short names ...
Parviainen Arno - - 2013
Different acid-base conjugates were made by combining a range of bases and superbases with acetic and propionic acid. Only the combinations that contained superbases were capable of dissolving cellulose. Proton affinities were calculated for the bases. A range, within which cellulose dissolution occurred, when combined with acetic or propionic acid, ...
Jasmani Latifah - - 2013
Pyridinium-grafted-cellulose nanocrystals were prepared by a simple one-pot reaction using 4-(1-bromoethyl/bromomethyl)benzoic acid, pyridine and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). The grafting consists of an esterification reaction between 4-(1-bromoethyl/bromomethyl)benzoic acid and CNCs and a nucleophilic attack on the C-Br bond of 4-(1-bromoethyl/bromomethyl)benzoic acid by pyridine. This reaction simplifies existing cationization methods, which leads ...
Du Li-Juan - - 2013
The present study was to investigate the effect of explosion puffing and sun-drying on individual phenolic acids in four forms (free, esters, glycosides and insoluble-bound), flavonoids, total phenolic content (TPC) and their antioxidant activity of jujube samples. Phenolic compounds were identified and quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography. Antioxidant capacity of ...
Nielsen Line Hagner - - 2013
Biorelevant dissolution behaviour of the amorphous sodium salt and amorphous acid forms of furosemide was evaluated, together with investigations of the solid state changes during in vitro dissolution in medium simulating the conditions in the small intestine. UV imaging of the two amorphous forms, as well as of crystalline furosemide ...
Ramesh Veera V E - - 2013
This communication describes the folding propensity of a heterofoldamer motif featuring proline (Pro) and anthranilic acid (Ant) residues in a 1 : 2 : 1 (α : β : α) constitutional ratio. Structural investigations unequivocally suggest that the hydrogen-bonding network of this foldamer motif can be switched between 9-membered and 6-membered by modulating the backbone chirality and constitutional ...
Dodge Anthony G AG BioTechnology - - 2013
The known enzymes that open the s-triazine ring, the cyanuric acid hydrolases, have been confined almost exclusively to the kingdom Bacteria and are all homologous members of the rare cyanuric acid hydrolase/barbiturase protein family. In the present study, a filamentous fungus, Sarocladium sp. strain CA, was isolated from soil by ...
An Kehong - - 2013
A new bioprocess for production of sorbitol and gluconic acid from two low-cost feedstocks, inulin and cassava starch, using a commercially available enzyme was proposed in this study. The commercial glucoamylase GA-L NEW from Genencor was found to demonstrate a high inulinase activity for hydrolysis of inulin into fructose and ...
Zhang Mingming - - 2013
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is expressed in adipocytes and macrophages, and modulates inflammatory and metabolic response. Studies in FABP4-deficient mice have shown that this lipid carrier has a significant role within the field of metabolic syndrome, inflammation and atherosclerosis; thus, its inhibition may open up new opportunities to ...
Xu Wenlong - - 2013
Vesicles are the most common form of bilayer structures in fatty acid and their soap mixtures in aqueous solutions, however, a peculiar bilayer structure named as ''planar sheet'' was found for the first time in the mixtures. In the past few decades, many people concentrated on the formation theory of ...
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