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Choi Kieun - - 2013
Hexanoic acid production by a bacterium using sucrose as an economic carbon source was studied under conditions in which hexanoic acid was continuously extracted by liquid-liquid extraction. Megasphaera elsdenii NCIMB 702410, selected from five M. elsdenii strains, produced 4.69 g l(-1) hexanoic acid in a basal medium containing sucrose. Production increased to ...
Arai Toru - - 2013
Cyclic depsipeptide FK228 with an intramolecular disulfide bond is a potent inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC). FK228 is stable in blood because of its prodrug function, whose -SS- bond is reduced within the cell. Here, cyclic peptides with -SS- bridges between a variety of amino acids were synthesized and assayed ...
Mucci Adele - - 2013
High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HR-MAS) is an NMR technique that can be applied to semi-solid samples. Flavedo, albedo, pulp, seeds, and oil gland content of lemon and citron were studied through HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy, which was used directly on intact tissue specimens without any physicochemical manipulation. HR-MAS NMR proved ...
Fu Liang - - 2013
A strain of acidogenic bacterium was isolated from the fermentation liquid of Cantonese-style rice vinegar produced by traditional surface fermentation. 16S rDNA identification confirmed the bacterium as Gluconacetobacter xylinus, which synthesizes bacterial cellulose, and the acid productivity of the strain was investigated. In the study, the effects of the membrane ...
Pingitore Piero - - 2013
The human glutamine/neutral amino acid transporter ASCT2 (hASCT2) was over-expressed in Pichia pastoris and purified by Ni(2+)-chelating and gel filtration chromatography. The purified protein was reconstituted in liposomes by detergent removal with a batch-wise procedure. Time dependent [(3)H]glutamine/glutamine antiport was measured in proteoliposomes which was active only in the presence ...
Yu Ming - - 2013
Dietary meats play a crucial role in human health. The objective of this survey was to determine the fatty acid content and omega-6/omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6/n-3 PUFA) ratio of fresh red meat (beef and pork) from four cities (Shanghai, Nanjing, Yinchuan and Hohhot) in China. The results showed that ...
Guetter Scott D - - 2013
The mammalian pathogen Bordetella bronchiseptica was grown under controlled batch conditions with glutamate as the primary carbon and nitrogen source. First, a Box-Behnken statistical design quantified the effect of Mg, sulfate, and nicotinate on the antigen filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA) formation. Using lactic acid as a secondary carbon source for pH ...
Kaleta Christoph - - 2013
Escherichia coli is the most popular microorganism for the production of recombinant proteins and also gaining increasing importance for the production of low-molecular weight compounds such as amino acids. The metabolic cost associated to the production of amino acids and (recombinant) proteins from glucose, glycerol and acetate was determined using ...
Paquet Valérie E - - 2013
When they are fed with bacteria, Dictyostelium discoideum amoebae produce and secrete multilamellar bodies (MLBs), which are composed of membranous material. It has been proposed that MLBs are a waste disposal system allowing D. discoideum to eliminate undigested bacterial remains. However, the real function of MLBs remains unknown. Determining the ...
Zhao Xu - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the fatty acid and phytosterol contents in ethanol extracts of lotus seeds and rhizomes. These ethanol extracts were extracted with hexane. The hexane extracts were hydrolyzed in a microwave reactor and total fatty acids and phytosterols were analyzed. The hexane extracts were ...
Behera Satyabadi - - 2013
Abstract Groundnut cake (GNC) and soybean cake (SBC) by-product of agriculture industry had protein and protein digestibility in the range of 42.7-50.5 and 71.3-76.8%, respectively. Polyphenols present in GNC and SBC were cholorogenic acid, syringic acid and p-coumaric acid. The number of bands separated in soybean meal was greater than ...
Meleshkevitch Ella A - - 2013
AeNAT5 (NCBI, ABZ81822), an orphan member of the insect-specific Nutrient Amino acid Transporter subfamily of SoLute Carrier family 6 (NAT-SLC6) and the first representative of a novel eukaryotic methionine-selective transport system (M), was cloned from cDNA of the vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti. It has orphan orthologs throughout several mosquito genomes, ...
Dussert Stéphane - - 2013
Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) produces two oils of major economic importance, commonly referred to as palm oil and palm kernel oil, extracted from the mesocarp and the endosperm, respectively. While lauric acid predominates in endosperm oil, the major fatty acids (FA) of mesocarp oil are palmitic and oleic acids. The ...
Dietrich Diane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is determine the relative sensitivity of a panel of seven polyhydroxyalkanoate producing bacteria to a panel of seven lignocellulosic-derived fermentation inhibitors representing aliphatic acids, furans and phenolics. A further aim was to measure the polyhydroxybutyrate production of select organisms on lignocellulosic-derived monosaccharides arabinose, xylose, ...
Graillot Alain - - 2013
In this paper, original thermosensitive copolymers bearing phosphonic acid groups, namely the poly(N-n-propylacrylamide-stat-2-(methacryloyloxy)methylphosphonic acid) (P(NnPAAm-stat-hMAPC1)) were synthesized, and their sorption properties for three divalent cations (Ni(2+), Ca(2+), Cd(2+)) and one trivalent cation (Al(3+)) have been investigated. The sorption experiments were performed with increasing relative amount of cationic pollution compared to ...
Lim Sung In - - 2013
Therapeutic proteins are indispensable in treating numerous human diseases. However, therapeutic proteins often suffer short serum half-life. In order to extend the serum half-life, a natural albumin ligand (a fatty acid) has been conjugated to small therapeutic peptides resulting in a prolonged serum half-life via binding to patients' serum albumin ...
Okada Dagoberto Y - - 2013
Linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) is an anionic surfactant used in cleaning products, which is usually found in wastewaters. Despite the greater LAS removal rate related to a lower concentrations of volatile fatty acids (VFA), the influence of different ranges of VFA on LAS degradation is not known. LAS degradation was ...
Sidorov Roman A - - 2013
Small amounts of a mixture of fatty acid short-chain-alkyl esters (FASCAEs) were obtained from the fruits of twelve plant species of Celastraceae family, and in five of them the FASCAEs were present not only in the arils but also in the seeds. These mixtures contained 32 individual FASCAE species, which ...
Bittencourt-Cunha Paula Rêgo - - 2013
In this study, we describe the fate of fatty acids that are incorporated from the lumen by the posterior midgut epithelium of Rhodnius prolixus and the biosynthesis of lipids. We also demonstrate that neutral lipids (NL) are transferred to the haemolymphatic lipophorin (Lp) and that phospholipids remain in the tissue ...
Umar K J KJ Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, - - 2013
The proximate, minerals and amino acids contents of wild melon (Citrullus ecirrhosus) seeds were determined. The results for proximate analysis (% DW) showed a composition of 3.73 +/- 0.25 moisture, 2.12 +/- 0.08 ash 26.36 +/- 0.10 crude protein, 50.67 +/- 10.76 crude lipid, 2.17 +/- 0.29 crude fibre, 18.69 ...
Hwang Eun-Sun ES Department of Nutrition and Culinary Science, Hankyong National University, Gyeonggi 456-749, Korea ; Korean Foods Global Center, Hankyong National University, Gyeonggi 456-749, - - 2013
Laver, a red algae belonging to the genus Porphyra, is one of the most widely consumed edible seaweeds. The most popular commercial dried laver species, P. tenera and P. haitanensis, were collected from Korea and China, respectively, and evaluated for proximate composition, amino acids, minerals, trace heavy metals, and color. ...
Stemper Jérémy - - 2013
Cyclic phosphoric acids displaying planar chiral paracyclophane structures, which include a 1,1'-ferrocenediyl unit, have been designed as a new class of chiral organocatalysts. Their synthesis, optical resolution, structural characterization and preliminary catalytic tests are reported.
Lin En-Ping - - 2013
This study proposes a sensitive method for the simultaneous separation and concentration of 9 pairs of amino acid enantiomers by combining poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-based stacking, β-cyclodextrin (β-CD)-mediated micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), and 9-fluoroenylmethyl chloroformate (FMOC) derivatization. The 9 pairs of FMOC-derivatized amino acid enantiomers were baseline separated using a discontinuous ...
Shi Xiangyan - - 2013
The amino acid composition of N. clavipes dragline silk fiber is determined by conducting (1)H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy experiments on acid hydrolyzed material. N. clavipes dragline silk was found to consist of 43.0±0.6% Gly, 29.3±0.2% Ala, 9.1±0.1% Glx, 4.0±0.1% Leu, 3.3±0.1% Tyr, 3.4 ±0.2% Ser, 2.7±0.1% Pro, 2.1±0.1% ...
Brinkman Nichole E - - 2013
Enteroviruses, noroviruses and adenoviruses are among the most common viruses infecting humans worldwide. These viruses are shed in the feces of infected individuals and can accumulate in wastewater, making wastewater a source of a potentially diverse group of enteric viruses. In this study, two procedures were evaluated to concentrate noroviruses, ...
Jeon Tae Jin - - 2013
Protein tyrosine phosphatase sigma (PTPσ) plays a vital role in neural development. The extracellular domain of PTPσ binds to various proteoglycans, which control the activity of 2 intracellular PTP domains (D1 and D2). To understand the regulatory mechanism of PTPσ, we carried out structural and biochemical analyses of PTPσ D1D2. ...
Pollack J Dennis - - 2013
The distributions of amino acids at most-conserved sites nearest catalytic/active centers (C/AC) in 4,645 sequences of ten enzymes of the glycolytic Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway in Archaea, Bacteria and Eukaryota are similar to the proposed temporal order of their appearance on Earth. Glycine, isoleucine, leucine, valine, glutamic acid and possibly lysine often ...
Sadiq Amina - - 2013
(R)-α-Aminoadipic acid is a readily available enantiomerically pure starting material for the synthesis of (R)-pipecolic acid and its derivatives. Sonogashira or Suzuki cross-coupling reactions of an N-formyl pipecolate-derived vinyl bromide furnish 6-alkynyl or aryl derivatives. Reduction with sodium cyanoborohydride and subsequent N-deformylation provide 6-alkynyl substituted (R)-pipecolic acid derivatives, valuable building ...
Grancha Thais - - 2013
The Cu(2+)-mediated self-assembly of oxamato-based ligands derived from either the (S)- or (R)-enantiomers of the amino acid valine leads to the formation of two antiferromagnetically coupled homochiral anionic hexacopper(ii) wheels in the presence of templating tetramethylammonium countercations.
Jakovetić Sonja M - - 2013
Immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica (Novozyme 435) was tested for the synthesis of various phenolic acid esters (ethyl and n-butyl cinnamate, ethyl p-coumarate and n-butyl p-methoxycinnamate). The second-order kinetic model was used to mathematically describe the reaction kinetics and to compare present processes quantitatively. It was found that the model ...
Ilmén Marja - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Polylactic acid is a renewable raw material that is increasingly used in the manufacture of bioplastics, which offers a more sustainable alternative to materials derived from fossil resources. Both lactic acid bacteria and genetically engineered yeast have been implemented in commercial scale in biotechnological production of lactic acid. In ...
Fu Yuanqing - - 2013
A novel efficient synthesis of ginkgolic acid (13:0) from abundant 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid was successfully developed through a state-of-the-art palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction and catalytic hydrogenation with an overall yield of 34% in five steps. The identity of the synthesized ginkgolic acid (13:0) was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance, mass spectrometry, infrared, ...
McCarthy Aoife L - - 2013
The hydroxycinnamic acid (HA) content of starting barley for brewers' spent grains (BSG), whole BSG and phenolic extracts from BSG was measured using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and correlated with antioxidant potential. The effect of BSG phenolic extracts on antioxidant activity of fruit beverages was also assessed (using the ...
Wang Bingshuai - - 2013
We have developed a near-infrared (NIR) reversible and ratiometric fluorescence sensor based on Se-BODIPY for the redox cycle between hypobromous acid oxidative stress and hydrogen sulfide repair. Real-time imaging shows that the probe is able to monitor intracellular HBrO/H2S redox cycle replacement.
Bel-Rhlid Rachid - - 2013
The potential of Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533 to metabolize chlorogenic acids from green coffee extract was investigated. Two enzymes, an esterase and a hydroxycinnamate decarboxylase (HCD), were involved in this biotransformation. The complete hydrolysis of 5-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA) into caffeic acid (CA) by L. johnsonii esterase occurred during the first ...
Sponder Gerhard - - 2013
The highly conserved G-M-N motif of the CorA-Mrs2-Alr1 family of Mg(2+) channels has been shown to be essential for Mg(2+) transport. We performed random mutagenesis of the G-M-N sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Mrs2p in an unbiased genetic screen. A large number of mutants still capable of Mg(2+) influx, albeit below ...
Olesen Sanne H - - 2013
Terreic acid is a metabolite with antibiotic properties produced by the fungus Aspergillus terreus, but its cellular target remains unknown. We recently reported that terreic acid inactivates the bacterial cell wall biosynthetic enzyme MurA in vitro by covalent reaction with residue Cys115 in a similar manner as the MurA-specific antibiotic ...
Gutiérrez Alejandro - - 2013
The reaction of the gold(I) complex [Au(SpyCOOH)(PPh3)], which contains nicotinic acid thiolate, with several amino acid esters such as glycine methyl ester or the enantiomerically pure l isomers of alanine methyl ester, phenylalanine methyl ester, valine methyl ester, methionine methyl ester, and proline methyl ester produces the gold(I) derivatives with ...
Shibakami Motonari - - 2013
This paper introduces a new strategy for creating surface modified polysaccharide nanofibers. To demonstrate proof of principle, the synthesis, structure, and self-assembly behavior of a carboxylic acid-bearing polysaccharide made from paramylon (β-1,3-glucan) and succinic anhydride were investigated. Examination by a combination of NMR, FT-IR, and SEC-MALLS confirmed that successful preparation ...
Kunihiro Marie M Department of Life and Environmental System Science, Graduate School of Nanobiosciences, Yokohama City University, Kanazawa, Kanagawa, Yokohama, - - 2013
A soil bacterium, designated strain KK22, was isolated from a phenanthrene enrichment culture of a bacterial consortium that grew on diesel fuel, and it was found to biotransform the persistent environmental pollutant and high-molecular-weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) benz[a]anthracene. Nearly complete sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene of strain KK22 ...
Zheng Pu - - 2013
Succinic acid is an important platform chemical for synthesis of C4 compounds. We applied genome shuffling to improve fermentative production of succinic acid by A. succinogenes. Using a screening strategy composed of selection in fermentation broth, cultured in 96-deep-well plates, and condensed HPLC screening, a starting population of 11 mutants ...
Tripathi Lakshmi - - 2013
The β-oxidation weakened Pseudomonas putida were established as a platform for the production of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) with adjustable monomer compositions and micro-structures. When mutant P. putida KTOYO6ΔC (phaPCJA.c) was cultivated on mixtures of sodium butyrate and sodium hexanoate (C4:C6), random copolymers of P(3HB-co-3HHx) consisting of 3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB), 3-hydroxyhexanoate (3HHx), were ...
Lee Chang Kim Jye - - 2013
A recently isolated Australian Aurantiochytrium sp. strain TC 20 was investigated using small-scale (2 L) bioreactors for the potential of co-producing biodiesel and high-value omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids. Higher initial glucose concentration (100 g/L compared to 40 g/L) did not result in markedly different biomass (48 g/L) or fatty acid (12-14 g/L) yields by ...
Edmunds B - - 2013
The objective of this study was to improve knowledge regarding the amino acid profile of the insoluble portion of ingested forage escaping rumen degradation. Six forage categories were analyzed. Categories varied in botanical composition and each contained 2 samples. Samples within categories were derived from the same parent material but ...
Zhang Yixing - - 2013
Poly-lactic acid (PLA) derived from renewable resources is considered to be a good substitute for petroleum-based plastics. The number of poly L-lactic acid applications is increased by the introduction of a stereocomplex PLA, which consists of both poly-L and D-lactic acid and has a higher melting temperature. To date, several ...
Hashimoto Hideki - - 2013
We prepared nano-micro-architectural acidic silica from a natural amorphous iron oxide with structural silicon which is a product of the iron-oxidizing bacterium Leptothrix ochracea. The starting material was heat-treated at 500°C in a H2 gas flow leading to segregation of α-Fe crystalline particles, then dissolved in 1N hydrochloric acid to ...
Weimer P J - - 2013
"Green juice", obtained by squeezing fresh alfalfa leaves inoculated with lactic acid bacteria, was fermented at room temperature for 7-21d to obtain 12-47glactic acidL(-1). Inoculation of green juice with Streptococcus bovis and incubation at 39°C reduced fermentation time to 8-12h. The resulting "brown juice" from either fermentation had a pH ...
Jin Jing - - 2013
One of the proposed pathways to the synthesis of 4-hydroxy-nonenal (HNE) and related aldehydes entails formation of an intermediate bis-allylic fatty acid dihydroperoxide. As a first direct demonstration of such a pathway and proof of principle, herein we show that 8R-lipoxygenase (8R-LOX) catalyzes the enzymatic production of the HNE-like product ...
Zander Catherine B - - 2013
Neutral amino acid exchange by the alanine serine cysteine transporter (ASCT)2 was reported to be electroneutral and coupled to the cotransport of one Na(+) ion. The cotransported sodium ion carries positive charge. Therefore, it is possible that amino acid exchange is voltage dependent. However, little information is available on the ...
Furuya Toshiki - - 2013
4-Hydroxyphenylacetate 3-hydroxylases (HPAHs) of the two-component flavin-dependent monooxygenase family are attractive enzymes that possess the catalytic potential to synthesize valuable ortho-diphenol compounds from simple monophenol compounds. In this study, we investigated the catalytic activity of HPAH from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1 toward cinnamic acid derivatives. We prepared Escherichia coli cells ...
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