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Jurišić Grubešić Renata - - 2013
A rapid reversed-phase (RP) high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed and applied for simultaneous separation, and determination of flavonoids and phenolic acids in eight Plantago L. taxa (P. altissima L., P. argentea Chaix, P. coronopus L., P. holosteum Scop. ssp. depauperata Pilger, P. holosteum ssp. holosteum, P. holosteum ssp. scopulorum ...
Kulawik Piotr - - 2013
This work determines quality properties and fatty acids content of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) stored in ice for 21 d. The quality properties consist of thiobarbituic acid (TBA), total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), trimethylamine (TMA), and microbiological analysis (total viable count (TVC), total coliform, Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus) and determination ...
Baek Changyoon - - 2013
The current medical technology has constantly demanded novel and advanced materials exhibiting the unique physicochemical properties but, at the same time, possessing the intrinsic biocompatibility. Natural biomolecules based on materials such as peptide- (or protein-) or DNA/RNA derivatives have been formerly considered. To date, a carbohydrate-derived molecule has been a ...
Nokami Junzo - - 2013
Linoleic acid metabolites, (-)-methyl jasmonate and (+)-12-oxophytodienoic acid ((+)-12-oxo-PDA), were prepared from the same precursor (1,2-trans, 1,3-cis, 2'Z)-2-(pent-2'-enyl)-cyclopent-4-en-1,3-diol, which was obtained by regioselective pent-2-enylation of cyclopentadiene and following photooxidation to cis-1,3-diol. A methoxycarbonylmethyl substituent was introduced to the cyclopentane ring via alkylation of the pi-allyl palladium intermediate derived from (1R,2S,3S,2'Z)-3-acetoxy-2-(pent-2'-enyl)cyclopent-4-ene-1-ol ...
Meena Laxman S - - 2013
In this study, a previously uncharacterized gene (Rv0447c) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, designated as an unknown fatty-acid methyltransferase (ufaA1), was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified. The biochemical characterization of the purified protein (UfaA1) showed it to be a methyltransferase that catalyzes biosynthesis of the tuberculostearic acid (10-methylstearic-acid, TSA), a ...
Niu Junfeng - - 2013
Electrochemical degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) in aqueous solution was investigated over Ti/SnO2-Sb anode. The factors influencing the degradation rate, such as applied current density (2-40 mA/cm2), pH (3-11) and initial concentration (5-200 mg/L) were evaluated. The degradation of 2,4-DCP followed apparent pseudo first-order kinetics. The degradation ratio on Ti/SnO2-Sb anode ...
Darwish Tamim A - - 2013
Oleic acid and its phospholipid derivatives are fundamental to the structure and function of cellular membranes. As a result, there has been increasing interest in the availability of their deuterated forms for many nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared, mass spectroscopy and neutron scattering studies. Here, we present for the first time ...
Richter Hanno H Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, - - 2013
To ensure economic implementation of syngas fermentation as a fuel-producing platform, engineers and scientists must both lower operating costs and increase product value. A considerable part of the operating costs is spent to procure chemicals for fermentation medium that can sustain sufficient growth of carboxydotrophic bacteria to convert synthesis gas ...
Kraus George A GA Department of Chemistry, 1605 Gilman Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011-3111, USA. - - 2013
Both 3-farnesyl salicylic acid and 3-geranyl salicylic acid were synthesized from 2,6-dibromophenol and showed low levels of antimicrobial activity against E. coli strains.
Tea Illa - - 2013
In isotope tracer experiments used in nutritional studies, it is frequently desirable both to determine the (15) N/(14) N ratios of target compounds and to quantify these compounds. This report shows how this can be achieved in a single chromatographic run for protein amino acids using an isotope ratio mass ...
Chen Wei Ning - - 2013
Malonyl-CoA plays an important role in the synthesis and elongation of fatty acids in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Malonyl-CoA is at a low concentration inside the cell and is produced mainly from acetyl-CoA through the enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase. It would be beneficial to find an alternative source of malonyl-CoA to increase ...
Joo Jiyong - - 2013
Electro-oxidation of formic acid on Pt in acid is one of the most fundamental model reactions in electrocatalysis. However, its reaction mechanism is still a matter of strong debate. Two different mechanisms, bridge-bonded adsorbed formate mechanism and direct HCOOH oxidation mechanism, have been proposed by assuming a priori that formic ...
Cai Minmin - - 2013
Aerobic biodegradation of crude oil and its pathways were investigated via in vitro culture and GC-MS analysis in water flooding wells of Dagang oil field. The in vitro aerobic culture lasted 90days when 99.0% of n-alkanes and 43.03-99.9% of PAHs were degraded and the biomarkers and their ratios were changed. ...
Zhang Chunyu - - 2013
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyses the last step in acyl-CoA-dependent triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis and is an important determinant of cellular oil content and quality. In this study, a gene, designated TaDGAT2, encoding a type 2 DGAT (DGAT2)-related enzyme was identified from the oleaginous marine protist Thraustochytrium aureum. The deduced TaDGAT2 sequence ...
Zheng Lin - - 2013
Due to the poor protein solubility, hot-pressed peanut meal (HPM) has less value than cold-pressed peanut meal (CPM) in the food industry. The objective of this study was to determine whether the denatured proteins in HPM were suitable for hydrolysis by digestive enzymes. The hydrolysis characteristics and antioxidant activity of ...
Bergamini C V - - 2013
In this work, we studied the growth, survival, and peptidolytic activity of Lactobacillus plantarum I91 in a hard-cheese model consisting of a sterile extract of Reggianito cheese. To assess the influence of the primary starter and initial proteolysis level on these parameters, we prepared the extracts with cheeses that were ...
Lu Lu - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles with various sizes and shapes were prepared by adding silver nitrate to ascorbic acid solutions containing nitric acid and a dispersant (Daxad 11G). It is shown that the reaction environment significantly affects the nature of the interactions between silver ions and dispersant molecules. The stability of the Ag(+)/Daxad ...
Wu Hui - - 2013
Maca (Lepidium meyenii), a traditional food crop of the Peruvian Andes is now widely touted as a dietary supplement. Among the various chemical constituents isolated from the plant are a unique series of non-polar, long-chain fatty acid N-benzylamides known as macamides. We have synthesized 11 of the 19 reported macamides ...
Shimshoni Jakob A - - 2013
Cuticular fatty acids (CFA) are important constituents of the arthropod exoskeleton, serving as structural and defense components, and participating in intra-species communication. Here we describe for the first time a comparative analysis of the CFA profiles of three tick species of the genus Rhipicephalus: R. annulatus, R. bursa and R. ...
Mittal H - - 2013
Biodegradation studies of Gum ghatti (Gg) and acrylamide-co-acrylic acid based flocculants [Gg-cl-poly(AAm-co-AA)] have been reported using the soil composting method. Gg-cl-poly(AAm-co-AA) was found to degrade 89.76% within 60 days. The progress of biodegradation at each stage was monitored through FT-IR and SEM. Polymer was synthesized under pressure using potassium persulphate-ascorbic ...
Wu Dexi - - 2013
Steam-exploded corn stalk biomass was used as the substrate for succinic acid production via lignocellulose enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation. Succinic acid fermentation was investigated in Escherichia coli strains overexpressing cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. 7120 ecaA gene encoding carbonic anhydrase (CA). For the washed steam-exploded corn stalk at 30 % substrate concentration, i.e., ...
Woo Jung-Kyun - - 2013
A new peptide, gombamide A (1), was isolated from the marine sponge Clathria gombawuiensis, collected from Korean waters. On the basis of the results of combined spectroscopic analyses, the structure of this compound was determined to be a cyclic C-terminally modified thiohexapeptide containing the unusual amino acid residues para-hydroxystyrylamide (pHSA) ...
Høstmark Arne Torbjørn - - 2013
Previous data suggested that intake of sodas and other acid beverages might be associated with increased levels of serum triglycerides, lowered HDL cholesterol, and increased formation of mono unsaturated fatty acids, which are the preferred ones for triglyceride synthesis. The present work is an extension of these studies. Thirty male ...
Guimarães Rafaela - - 2013
This study aimed to analyse the phenolic composition of wild fruits of Arbutus unedo (strawberry-tree), Prunus spinosa (blackthorn), Rosa canina and Rosa micrantha (wild roses). Analyses were performed by HPLC-DAD-ESI/MS. P spinosa fruits presented the highest concentration in phenolic acids (29.78mg/100g dry weight), being 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid the most abundant one, ...
Fărcaşiu Dan - - 2013
Pyridine derivatives labeled with (15) N can be prepared by the reaction of the corresponding pyrylium salts with (15) NH4 Cl in close to a stoichiometric ratio, in a sodium acetate-acetic acid buffer. In particular, the reaction of 2,6-di-tert-butylpyrylium perchlorate gave 2,6-di-tert-butylpyridine with a conversion of 95%. The compound is ...
Chen Zhongzhi - - 2013
The biogeochemical cycle of silver has been profoundly disturbed by various anthropogenic activities. To better understand the relationship among silver speciation, bioavailability and toxicity in freshwaters, we have studied the short-term uptake of silver by two species of green algae, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, in the presence or absence ...
Wu Pingzhi - - 2013
Linoleic acid (LA, C18:2) and α-linolenic acid (ALA, C18:3) are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and major storage compounds in plant seed oils. Microsomal ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acid (FA) desaturases catalyze the synthesis of seed oil LA and ALA, respectively. Jatropha curcas L. seed oils contain large proportions of LA, ...
Al-Amrani Waheeba A - - 2013
Bioregeneration of mono-amine modified silica gel (MAMS) adsorbent loaded with Acid Orange 7 (AO7), Acid Yellow 9 (AY9) and Acid Red 14 (AR14), respectively, was investigated under two different operational conditions, namely absence/presence of sucrose/bacto-peptone as the co-substrate and different biomass acclimation concentrations. The results revealed that the AY9- and ...
Sorooshian Armin - - 2013
This work examines organic acid and metal concentrations in northeastern Pacific Ocean stratocumulus cloud water samples collected by the CIRPAS Twin Otter between July and August 2011. Correlations between a suite of various monocarboxylic and dicarboxylic acid concentrations are consistent with documented aqueous-phase mechanistic relationships leading up to oxalate production. ...
Schuett Burkhardt S - - 2013
(O-acyl) ω-hydroxy fatty acids (OAHFAs) are a recently found group of polar lipids in meibum. Since these lipids can potentially serve as a surfactant in the tear film lipid layer, the surface properties of a molecule of this lipid class was investigated and compared with a structurally related wax ester ...
Ruiz-Bermejo Marta - - 2013
We investigated the synthesis of α-amino acids under possible prebiotic terrestrial conditions in the presence of dissolved iron (II) in a simulated prebiotic ocean. An aerosol-liquid cycle with a prebiotic atmosphere is shown to produce amino acids via Strecker synthesis with relatively high yields. However, in the presence of iron, ...
Kitano Tomoyuki - - 2013
Thermally stable Brønsted acid sites were generated on alumina-supported niobium oxide (Nb2 O5 /Al2 O3 ) by calcination at high temperatures, such as 1123 K. The results of structural characterization by using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, TEM, scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis indicated that the Nb2 ...
Guan Ningzi - - 2013
In previous work, three evolved Propionibacterium acidipropionici mutants with higher tolerant capacity of propionic acid (PA) were obtained by genome shuffling. Here, we attempted to unravel the acid-tolerant mechanism of P. acidipropionici by comparing the physiological changes between P. acidipropionici and three mutants. The parameters used for comparison included intracellular ...
Wang Jian - - 2013
Reducing the accumulation of acetate in Escherichia coli cultures can decrease carbon efflux as by-products and reduce acetate toxicity, and therefore enable high cell density cultivation. The concentration of intracellular amino acids can be decreased by genetic modifications of the corresponding amino acid transport systems. This can increase the levels ...
Xia Jun - - 2013
Poly(ε-L-lysine) (ε-PL) producer strain Streptomyces albulus PD-1 secreted a novel polymeric substance into its culture broth along with ε-PL. The polymeric substance was purified to homogeneity and identified. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as other analytical techniques revealed that the ...
Martinez Antonio - - 2013
Microbial transformation of oleanolic acid by Rhizomucor miehei produced three metabolites. A known compound, a 30-hydroxyl derivative (queretaroic acid), and two 7β,30- and 1β,30-dihydroxylated metabolites, respectively. The action of the same fungus (R. miehei) on maslinic acid produced an olean-11-en-28,13β-olide derivative, a metabolite hydroxylated at C-30, an 11-oxo derivative, and ...
Liu Yifan - - 2013
A label-free method of quantifying nucleic acids in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is described and could be the basis for miniaturized devices that can amplify and detect target nucleic acids in real time. The method takes advantage of ionic current rectification effect discovered in nanofluidic channels exhibiting a broken symmetry ...
Kim Hee-Kwon - - 2013
Novel pH-responsive assemblies (PEG-lipid:DOPE liposomes) containing tunable and bifunctional phenyl-substituted vinyl ether (PIVE) cross-linkers were prepared. The assemblies consisted of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE), acid-cleavable poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-conjugated lipids, pDNA, and protamine sulfate (PS). The PIVE linkage was designed to hydrolyze under acidic conditions, and the hydrolysis studies of PEG-lipid compounds containing ...
Bener Mustafa - - 2013
In this study, blueberry pomace was soaked in pH 1, 4, or pH 7 solution for 10 min followed by boiling hydrolysis. Nine anthocyanins and eleven other phenolic compounds were released after acid hydrolysis. The highest anthocyanin release (4.70 mg/g) was achieved by boiling at pH 1 for 15 min ...
Ndjonka D - - 2013
The effect of three phenols (ellagic, gentisic and gallic acids) from the axlewood tree Anogeissus leiocarpus on Onchocerca ochengi and drug-resistant strains of Caenorhabditis elegans, a model organism for research on nematode parasites, is investigated. Worms were incubated in different concentrations of phenols and their survival was monitored after 48 h. ...
Yao Qiuli - - 2013
The first systematic study on the asymmetric synthesis of H-phosphinic acids bearing natural protein amino acids residues was reported based on the asymmetric addition of ethyl diethoxymethylphosphinate to N-tert-butanesulfinyl imines. Good yields and moderate to high enantioselectivities were obtained. Reliable methods were developed for the elucidation of the stereochemistry of ...
Lapsongphon Nawaporn - - 2013
The effect of Virgibacillus sp. SK37, together with reduced salt content, on fish sauce quality, particularly free amino acids and odor-active compounds, was investigated. Virgibacillus sp. SK37 was inoculated with an approximate viable count of 5 log CFU/mL in samples with varied amounts of solar salt, e.g., 10, 15, and ...
Silva Manori J - - 2013
1,2-Cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid, diisononyl ester (DINCH) is a complex mixture of nine carbon branched-chain isomers. It has been used in Europe since 2002 as a plasticizer to replace phthalates such as di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) and diisononyl phthalate (DINP). Urinary concentrations of the oxidative metabolites of DINCH, namely cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid-monocarboxy isooctyl ester ...
Al-Saif Sarah Saleh Abdu-Llah SS College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 7371, Riyadh 12786, Saudi - - 2014
Marine algae are known to produce a wide variety of bioactive secondary metabolites and several compounds have been derived from them for prospective development of novel drugs by the pharmaceutical industries. However algae of the Red sea have not been adequately explored for their potential as a source of bioactive ...
Ding Xuzhe - - 2013
In this study, we developed a facile approach to produce nanogels via self-assembly of folic acid, soy protein, and soy polysaccharide. High pressure homogenization was introduced to break down the original aggregates of soy protein that benefits the binding of soy protein with soy polysaccharide and folic acid at pH ...
Choi Jong-Woo - - 2013
This study was purposed to examine the use of amino acids as an indicator to determine whether groundwater around carcass burial sites is polluted by livestock wastewater (LW) or carcass leachate (CL). The analysis of samples showed that the average amino acid concentration of carcass leachate (531.897 mg/L; 4341.784 μmol/L) was about ...
Choi Kieun - - 2013
Hexanoic acid production by a bacterium using sucrose as an economic carbon source was studied under conditions in which hexanoic acid was continuously extracted by liquid-liquid extraction. Megasphaera elsdenii NCIMB 702410, selected from five M. elsdenii strains, produced 4.69 g l(-1) hexanoic acid in a basal medium containing sucrose. Production increased to ...
Arai Toru - - 2013
Cyclic depsipeptide FK228 with an intramolecular disulfide bond is a potent inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC). FK228 is stable in blood because of its prodrug function, whose -SS- bond is reduced within the cell. Here, cyclic peptides with -SS- bridges between a variety of amino acids were synthesized and assayed ...
Mucci Adele - - 2013
High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning (HR-MAS) is an NMR technique that can be applied to semi-solid samples. Flavedo, albedo, pulp, seeds, and oil gland content of lemon and citron were studied through HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy, which was used directly on intact tissue specimens without any physicochemical manipulation. HR-MAS NMR proved ...
Fu Liang - - 2013
A strain of acidogenic bacterium was isolated from the fermentation liquid of Cantonese-style rice vinegar produced by traditional surface fermentation. 16S rDNA identification confirmed the bacterium as Gluconacetobacter xylinus, which synthesizes bacterial cellulose, and the acid productivity of the strain was investigated. In the study, the effects of the membrane ...
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