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Minakawa Maki - - 2013
A macroporous polymeric acid catalyst was prepared for the direct esterification of carboxylic acids and alcohols that proceeded at 50-80 °C without removal of water to give the corresponding esters with high yield. Flow esterification for the synthesis of biodiesel fuel was also achieved by using a column-packed macroporous acid ...
Eberlin Alex R - - 2013
New methanesulfonic acid salt forms of the anticonvulsant and analgesic active pharmaceutical ingredient carbamazepine and its closely related structural analogue 10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine have been prepared and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction at 120 and 100 K, respectively {namely [(5H-dibenzo[b,f]azepin-5-yl)(hydroxy)methylidene]azanium methanesulfonate, C15H13N2O(+)·CH3SO3(-), and [(10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[b,f]azepin-5-yl)(hydroxy)methylidene]azanium methanesulfonate, C15H15N2O(+)·CH3SO3(-)}. In light of the structural information obtained, ...
Yan Shoubao - - 2013
A strain designated M866, producing kojic acid with a high yield, was obtained by combining induced mutation using ion beam implantation and ethyl methane sulfonate treatment of a wild type strain of Aspergillus oryzae B008. The amount of kojic acid produced by the strain M866 in a shaking flask was ...
Sewell Edward Wc - - 2013
Wall teichoic acids are a major and integral component of the Gram-positive cell wall. These structures are present across all species of Gram-positive bacteria and constitute roughly half of the cell wall. Despite decades of careful investigation, a definitive physiological function for wall teichoic acids remains elusive. Advances in the ...
Doi Hidetaka - - 2013
Fatty acids are a promising raw material for substance production because of their highly reduced and anhydrous nature, which can provide higher fermentation yields than sugars. However, they are insoluble in water and are poorly utilized by microbes in industrial fermentation production. We used fatty acids as raw materials for ...
Maeda N N Rensselaer Nanotechnology Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA; Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, - - 2014
Composite polysaccharide fibers composed two oppositely charged natural polysaccharides, chitosan and hyaluronic acid, were prepared by electrospinning and subsequent coating. The fiber size distribution was characterized by scanning electron microscopy. Chitosan/hyaluronic acid composite fibers were stable in water but showed controlled release of hyaluronic acid into phosphate buffered saline, and ...
Xin Xiu-Lan - - 2013
Microbial biotransformation of acetyl-11-keto-boswellic acid by Cunninghamella elegans AS 3.1207 was carried out, and totally four transformed products were isolated. On the basis of the extensive spectral data, their structures were characterized as 7β-hydroxy-11-keto-boswellic acid (1), 7β,30-dihydroxy-11-keto-boswellic acid (2), 7β,16α-dihydroxy-3-acetyl-11-keto-boswellic acid (3), and 7β,15α,21β-trihydroxy-3-acetyl-11-keto-boswellic acid (4), respectively. Among them, products ...
Iqbal Jamshed - - 2013
Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) is well known for its implication in cancer. Inhibition of ecto-5'-nucleotidases is thought to provide an attractive approach to cancer therapy. This study identifies sulfonic acid compounds as efficient inhibitors of ecto-5'-nucleotidases. The compounds were tested against recombinant human and rat ecto-5'-nucleotidases. The most potent new sulfonic acid ...
Cerrone Federico - - 2013
A two step biological process for the conversion of grass biomass to the biodegradable polymer medium chain length polyhydroxyalkanoate (mcl-PHA) was achieved through the use of anaerobic and aerobic microbial processes. Anaerobic digestion (mixed culture) of ensiled grass was achieved with a recirculated leach bed bioreactor resulting in the production ...
Kuwano Yuko - - 2013
To evaluate the structure-function relationships of invertebrate lysozymes, a new invertebrate-type (i-type) lysozyme was isolated from the common orient clam (Meretrix lusoria) and the tertiary structure of this enzyme was determined. Comparison of the tertiary structure of this enzyme with those of chicken and Venerupi philippinarum lysozymes revealed that the ...
Nawirska-Olszańska Agnieszka - - 2014
The aim of the research was to determine the composition of organic acids in fruit of different cultivars of three pumpkin species. The amount of acids immediately after fruit harvest and after 3months of storage was compared. The content of organic acids in the examined pumpkin cultivars was assayed using ...
Maurer Christian - - 2013
Reaction of Ti(OiPr)4 with several tri- and tetracarboxylic acids, followed by hydrolysis, resulted in microporous, structured materials, with microporous surface areas up to 340 m(2) g(-1). Depending on the kind of carboxylic acid, the Ti : COOH ratio and the Ti : H2O ratio, either pillared layered or surface fractal 3D structures were obtained ...
Park Yong-Duk - - 2014
The goals of this study were to determine the content of organic acids and inorganic anions in human saliva by using an ion chromatography method, to compare the organic acid and inorganic anion concentrations before and after a sugar rinse, and to investigate the relationships between the levels of each ...
Atkins Elizabeth E School of Molecular & Cellular Biology & Astbury Centre for Structural Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS2 9JT, United - - 2014
Secreted infectious particles generated by the genotype 2a JFH-1 hepatitis C virus infectious clone are resistant to acidic pH, whereas intracellular virions remain acid-labile. Thus, JFH-1 particles are thought to undergo pH maturation as they are secreted from the cell. Here, we demonstrate that both infectious intracellular and secreted genotype ...
Pasteris Sergio E - - 2013
Lactococcus lactis CRL 1584 isolated from a Lithobates catesbeianus hatchery inhibits the growth of Citrobacter freundii (a bullfrog pathogen) and Listeria monocytogenes by a synergistic effect between lactic acid, hydrogen peroxide and a bacteriocin-like molecule. The chemical characterization of the bacteriocin in cell-free supernatants indicates that it has a proteinaceous ...
Huynh Nhung - - 2013
<i>N</i>-Acetylneuraminate lyases (NALs) or sialic acid aldolases catalyze the reversible aldol cleavage of <i>N</i>-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac, the most common form of sialic acid) to form pyruvate and <i>N</i>-acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc). Although equilibrium favors sialic acid cleavage, these enzymes can be used for high-yield chemoenzymatic synthesis of structurally diverse sialic acids in ...
Rakse Monika - - 2013
A novel series of 3-acetamido-4-methyl benzoic acid derivatives designed on the basis of vHTS hit ZINC02765569 were synthesized and screened for PTP1B inhibitory activity. The most potent compounds 3-(1-(5-methoxy-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-ylthio)acetamido)-4-methyl benzoic acid (10c, IC50 8.2 μM) and 3-(2-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-ylthio)acetamido)-4-methyl benzoic acid (10e, IC50 8.3 μM) showed maximum PTP1B inhibitory activity. Docking studies were also ...
Krings Ulrich - - 2014
Fruiting bodies of the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus were illuminated with UV-B with a light intensity maximum at 310-320nm and 11.5W/m(2) for 60min at 20°C. Changes of the sterol and fatty acid spectrum were quantified. The onset of ergocalciferol (vitamin D2) formation was immediate in fruiting bodies illuminated from the ...
Kim Jae Kwang - - 2013
The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), is a major pest responsible for destroying cabbage and other Brassica vegetable crops. We studied diamondback moth-resistant cabbage line by comparing its metabolite profiles with those of a susceptible cabbage. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis revealed that carbohydrates, aromatic compounds, and amides were the ...
Keereetaweep Jantana - - 2013
N-Acylethanolamines (NAEs) are fatty-acid derivatives with potent biological activities in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms. Polyunsaturated NAEs are among the most abundant NAE types in seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana, and they can be metabolized by either fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) or by lipoxygenase (LOX) to low levels during ...
Agten Stijn M - - 2013
Selecting the right partner faster: In protein chemoselective conjugation, the use of levulinic acid for ketone introduction leads to slow oxime formation and poor yield because of internal cyclization, especially at low concentrations. A mechanism for cyclization is proposed and alternative keto-acids have been tested. These showed faster formation of ...
Huo Jing Pei - - 2013
Serial novel chiral polydiacetylenes (PDAs) are efficiently prepared at room temperature by the controllable electrophoretic deposition of diacetylenes with tunable structure as designed from easily available starting materials. The colorimetrically reversible properties of PDAs in the range between 25 and 85 °C are influenced by the different amino acid moiety ...
Schulmerich Matthew V - - 2013
Abstract Soybeans are a commodity crop of significant economic and nutritional interest. As an important source of protein, buyers of soybeans are interested in not only the total protein content, but in the specific amino acids that comprise the total protein content. Raman spectroscopy has the chemical specificity to measure ...
Yuan Hai-Na - - 2013
An organocatalytic enantioselective decarboxylative Mannich reaction of malonic acid half oxyesters with cyclic ketimines was developed for the preparation of enantioenriched β-amino esters with a quaternary stereogenic center and the anti-HIV drug DPC 083.
Kaweetripob Wirongrong - - 2013
Twenty-one triterpenes consisting of a lupane derivative, two friedelanes, an oleanane derivative, and 17 ursane-type triterpenoids, together with three known triterpenes, three sterols, a fatty acid, a sesquiterpene alkaloid, and a glycerol derivative, were isolated from the stem of Siphonodon celastrineus. Their structures were characterized by various spectroscopic techniques, as ...
Ijarotimi Oluwole S OS Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Akure, - - 2013
Moringa oleifera seeds were processed as raw M. oleifera (RMO), germinated M. oleifera (GMO), and fermented M. oleifera (FMO), and were evaluated for proximate, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids, phytochemicals/antinutrients, and functional properties. Protein content of GMO (23.69 ± 0.11 g/100 g) was higher than FMO (21.15 ± 0.08 g/100 ...
Sellmeier Melanie - - 2013
Sialoglycoconjugates form the outermost layer of animal cells and play a crucial role in cellular communication processes. An essential step in the biosynthesis of sialylated glycoconjugates is the activation of sialic acid to the monophosphate diester CMP-sialic acid. Only the activated sugar is transported into the Golgi apparatus and serves ...
Wyss Sara - - 2013
Hydrolysis of the methyl ester (±)-threo-methyl phenidate afforded the free acid in 40% yield, viz. (±)-threo-ritalinic acid, C13H17NO2. Hydrolysis and subsequent crystallization were accomplished at pH values between 5 and 7 to yield colourless prisms which were analysed by X-ray crystallography. Crystals of (±)-threo-ritalinic acid belong to the P21/n space ...
Harsányi I - - 2013
We report on new neutron and x-ray diffraction data on D2O:D3PO4 solutions at two concentrations, 1:1 and 3:1. The experimental datasets were modelled simultaneously by the reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) method. From the resulting models, partial radial distribution functions (prdf) and coordination numbers were obtained. The acidity was found to ...
Jiang Weiyu - - 2013
LL-37 is the single cathelicidin host defense peptide in humans with direct antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities. Specific regulation of LL-37 synthesis has emerged as a novel non-antibiotic approach to disease control and prevention. Short-chain fatty acids, and butyrate in particular, were found recently to be strong inducers of LL-37 gene ...
Liu Huanhuan - - 2013
The recalcitrant H-acid (1-amino-8-naphthol-3,6-disulfonic acid) in aqueous solution was oxidized by Fenton process, focusing on the relation of Fenton's reagent doses and degradation products. The experimental results showed that COD and TOC removals and biodegradability (BOD/COD ratio) of the solution increased with increasing Fenton's reagent doses. Over 80% COD can ...
Reeves Benjamin D - - 2013
The conversion of S-nitrosothiols to thiosulphonates by reaction with the sodium salt of benzenesulfinic acid (PhSO2Na) has been examined in detail with the exemplary substrates S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) and S-nitrosylated bovine serum albumin (SNO-BSA). The reaction stoichiometry (2:1, PhSO2Na:RSNO) and the rate law (first order in both PhSO2Na and RSNO) have ...
Zha Xiao-Song - - 2013
This study aims to investigate the influence of the coexistence of halogen ions (bromide/iodide) and biological source matters on the speciation and yield of trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacetic acids (HAAs), and N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) during the ozonation and subsequent chlorination of water. The results show that the concentrations of brominated THMs and ...
Jiang Min - - 2013
AFP111 is a spontaneous mutant of Escherichia coli with mutations in the glucose-specific phosphotransferase system, pyruvate formate lyase system, and fermentative lactate dehydrogenase system, created to reduce byproduct formation and increase succinic acid accumulation. In AFP111, conversion of xylose to succinic acid only generates 1.67 ATP per xylose, but requires ...
Hanari Nobuyasu - - 2013
Perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) including perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) have been widely recognized as persistent environmental contaminants. For accurate quantification of PFCAs, their stability in calibration solutions is important because they are criteria of quantification. To examine stability of PFCAs in methanol, we monitored PFOA and its related compounds around 4years. ...
Ferreira Nicoletti Carolina - - 2013
Patients with obesity submitted to bariatric surgery present altered ingestion of macronutrient and micronutrient levels and nutrients deficiency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the protein and amino acid nutritional status of obese adults before and after bariatric surgery, with emphasis on plasma free amino acids. Thirty obese ...
Rabanal Melissa - - 2014
Room-temperature acid (pH 2) extraction of Dictyota dichotoma thalli yielded 2.2% of sulfated polysaccharides. Further extraction with the same solvent at 70°C was conducted sequentially for nine times, with a total yield of 7.2%. Fucose was the main monosaccharide only in the room-temperature extract (EAR) and in the first 70°C ...
Harner Nicole K - - 2013
A strain development program was initiated to improve the tolerance of the pentose-fermenting yeast Pachysolen tannophilus to inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Several rounds of UV mutagenesis followed by screening were used to select for mutants of P. tannophilus NRRL Y2460 with improved tolerance to hardwood spent sulfite liquor (HW SSL) ...
Esche Rebecca - - 2013
The suitability of on-line liquid chromatography-gas chromatography for the analysis of free sterols/stanols, steryl/stanyl fatty acid esters and trans-steryl/stanyl ferulic acid esters in cereals is demonstrated. The silylated lipid extracts were fractionated via liquid chromatography on a normal phase and the fractions containing the sterol classes were transferred on-line to ...
Jensen Ida-Johanne - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate and compare proximate composition, antihypertensive activity and antioxidative capacity of the semimembranosus muscle from pork and beef and to study how these characteristics were affected by household preparation and subsequent digestion. The proximate composition was similar between pork and beef. Both pork ...
Lee Dae-Sung - - 2014
In this study, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of chitosan-caffeic acid, chitosan-ferulic acid, and chitosan-sinapic acid conjugates with different grafting ratios were investigated. The synthesized chitosan-hydroxycinnamic acid conjugates were verified by performing (1)H NMR and differential scanning calorimetry analysis. The antioxidant activities of the conjugates were increased compared to the ...
Lanéelle Marie-Antoinette - - 2013
Corynebacterium glutamicum is the world's largest producer of glutamate and lysine. Industrial glutamate overproduction is induced by empirical processes, such as biotin limitation, supplementation with specific surfactants or addition of sublethal concentration of certain antibiotics to the culture media. Although Gram-positive bacteria, C. glutamicum and related bacterial species and genera ...
López-Cervantes Jaime - - 2013
Abstract Lycopene and oleoresin extraction from powder of tomato over-ripe by three agitation methods and four solvents have been evaluated. Also, tomato powder and the oleoresins were characterized biochemically. On average, the moisture content of powder was found to be 4.30, ash 8.90, proteins 11.23 and lipids 4.35 g 100 g(-1). The best ...
Pande Garima - - 2013
Structured lipids (SLs) with high palmitic acid content at the sn-2 position enriched with arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were produced using extra virgin olive oil, tripalmitin, ARA and DHA single cell oils free fatty acids. Four types of SLs were synthesized using immobilized lipases, Novozym® 435 and ...
Sanguansri Luz - - 2013
Spray dried emulsions are effective for carrying and stabilising combinations of fish oil and tributyrin, fish oil and resveratrol, or fish oil, tributyrin and resveratrol in one formulation. The encapsulation efficiencies were >99% for all three bioactives when a heated mixture of sodium caseinate: glucose: dried glucose syrup matrix (Encapsulant ...
Pan Deng - - 2013
A water-soluble PTP1B inhibitor, named FYGL-a, was fractionated for structure investigation and bioactivity evaluation. FYGL-a is an ingredient of a reported antihyperglycemia extract from Ganoderma Lucidum fruiting bodies. Composition analysis indicated that FYGL-a was a 100.2 kDa acidic proteoglycan, consisting of 85 ± 2% heteropolysaccharide chain with rhamnose, galactose, glucose ...
Castillo-Juárez Israel - - 2013
Quorum sensing (QS) is a process of bacterial cell-cell communication that controls a large number of systems affecting pathogenicity. Interrupting this communication system can provide nonvirulent pathogenic bacteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) potential of an anacardic acids mixture isolated from Amphipterygium adstringens, ...
Misra Aparna - - 2013
The increasing consumption of fossil fuels and petroleum products is leading to their rapid depletion and is a matter of concern around the globe. Substitutes of fossil fuels are required to sustain the pace of economic development. In this context, oil from the non food crops (biofuel) has shown potential ...
Shaaban Mohamed - - 2013
Investigation of bioactive secondary metabolites from terrestrial Aspergillus oryzae sp. MMAO1 using M2 medium afforded a new diketopiperazine alkaloid, 7,9-dihydroxy-3-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-8-methoxy-2,3,11,11a-tetrahydro-6H-pyrazino[1,2-b]isoquinoline-1,4-dione (1a), containing the unusual amino acid l-6,8-dihydroxy-7-methoxyphenylalanine. This was co-isolated with ditryptophenaline (2), cyclo-(Tryp,Tyr) (4), cyclo-(Pro,Val), α-cyclopiazonic acid (3), kojic acid and uridine. Re-cultivation of the fungal strain on Dox ...
Vodnar Dan C - - 2013
Given its availability and low price, glycerol derived from biodiesel industry has become an ideal feedstock for the production of fuels and chemicals. A solution to reduce the negative environmental problems and the cost of biodiesel is to use crude glycerol as carbon source for microbial growth media in order ...
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